[spontaneous infection of argas vespertilionis with rickettsia burnetii in the south of kazakhstan]. 19664238684
"issyk-kul" virus, a new arbovirus isolated from bats and argas (carios) vespertilionis (latr., 1802) in the kirghiz s.s.r. brief report. 19734747048
distribution of borrelia burgdorferi s.l. spirochaete dna in british ticks (argasidae and ixodidae) since the 19th century, assessed by pcr.the distribution of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the lyme borreliosis agent, was surveyed in british ticks in the collection of the natural history museum, london. alcohol-preserved specimens of eight species of ticks known to attack humans were studied: ixodes ricinus, i. hexagonus, i. uriae, i. trianguliceps, dermacentor reticulatus, haemaphysalis punctata, rhipicephalus sanguineus and argas vespertilionis. the sample comprised all life stages and originated from a wide range of host speci ...19989513944
general review of tick species present in present, 24 species are known to occur in portugal: argas vespertilionis, ornithodoros maritimus and ornithodoros erraticus in argasidae; ixodes acuminatus, ixodes bivari, ixodes canisuga, ixodes frontalis, ixodes hexagonus, ixodes ricinus, ixodes simplex simplex, ixodes ventalloi, ixodes vespertilionis, dermacentor marginatus, dermacentor pictus', haemaphysalis hispanica, haemaphysalis inermis, haemaphysalis punctata, rhipicephalus bursa, rhipicephalus pusillus, rhipicephalus sanguineus, rhi ...199911071535
fatal borreliosis in bat caused by relapsing fever spirochete, united kingdom. 200919751613
ticks of poland. review of contemporary issues and latest research.the paper presents current knowledge of ticks occurring in poland, their medical importance, and a review of recent studies implemented in the polish research centres on ticks and their significance in the epidemiology of transmissible diseases. in the polish fauna there are 19 species of ticks (ixodida) recognized as existing permanently in our country: argas reflexus, argas polonicus, carios vespertilionis, ixodes trianguliceps, ixodes arboricola, ixodes crenulatus, ixodes hexagonus, ixodes li ...201223444797
borrelia, rickettsia, and ehrlichia species in bat ticks, france, 2010.argas vespertilionis, an argasid tick associated with bats and bat habitats in europe, africa, and asia has been reported to bite humans; however, studies investigating the presence of vector-borne pathogens in these ticks are lacking. using molecular tools, we tested 5 a. vespertilionis ticks collected in 2010 from the floor of a bat-infested attic in southwestern france that had been converted into bedrooms. rickettsia sp. avbat, a new genotype of spotted fever group rickettsiae, was detected ...201223171714
tick-borne infections in human and animal population worldwide.the abundance and activity of ectoparasites and its hosts are affected by various abiotic factors, such as climate and other organisms (predators, pathogens and competitors) presenting thus multiples forms of association (obligate to facultative, permanent to intermittent and superficial to subcutaneous) developed during long co-evolving processes. ticks are ectoparasites widespread globally and its eco epidemiology are closely related to the environmental conditions. they are obligatory hematop ...201527047089
detection of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and spotted fever group rickettsiae in hard ticks (acari, ixodidae) parasitizing bats in poland.a total of 491 ixodes vespertilionis and 8 ixodes ricinus collected from bats and cave walls in southern poland between 2010 and 2012 were examined by the polymerase chain reaction for tick-transmitted pathogens. pcr analysis for borrelia burgdorferi s.l., rickettsia spp., and anaplasma phagocytophilum yielded negative results for all i. vespertilionis. dna of rickettsia helvetica was detected in three specimens of i. ricinus attached to rhinolophus hipposideros or myotis myotis, while borrelia ...201626833325
spatial disaggregation of tick occurrence and ecology at a local scale as a preliminary step for spatial surveillance of tick-borne diseases: general framework and health implications in belgium.the incidence of tick-borne diseases is increasing in europe. sub national information on tick distribution, ecology and vector status is often lacking. however, precise location of infection risk can lead to better targeted prevention measures, surveillance and control.201323800283
update on tick-borne rickettsioses around the world: a geographic approach.tick-borne rickettsioses are caused by obligate intracellular bacteria belonging to the spotted fever group of the genus rickettsia. these zoonoses are among the oldest known vector-borne diseases. however, in the past 25 years, the scope and importance of the recognized tick-associated rickettsial pathogens have increased dramatically, making this complex of diseases an ideal paradigm for the understanding of emerging and reemerging infections. several species of tick-borne rickettsiae that wer ...024092850
a novel bunyavirus from the soft tick, argas vespertilionis, in japan.soft ticks, argas vespertilionis, were collected from feces of bats in japan. cytopathic effect (cpe) was observed after inoculating the homogenates of ticks to vero cells. sequencing of rna extracted from the cell supernatant was performed by next generation sequencer. the contigs had identity to segments of bunyaviruses, issyk-kul virus. the identities of segment l, m and s were only 77, 76 and 79% to issyk-kul virus, respectively. therefore, we named this novel virus soft tick bunyavirus (stb ...201526498534
a preliminary study of viral metagenomics of french bat species in contact with humans: identification of new mammalian viruses.the prediction of viral zoonosis epidemics has become a major public health issue. a profound understanding of the viral population in key animal species acting as reservoirs represents an important step towards this goal. bats harbor diverse viruses, some of which are of particular interest because they cause severe human diseases. however, little is known about the diversity of the global population of viruses found in bats (virome). we determined the viral diversity of five different french i ...201424489870
comparative internal morphology of subgenera of argas ticks (ixodoidea, argasidae). i. subgenus carios: argas vespertilionis (latreille, 1802). 196114494099
mitochondrial gene heterogeneity of the bat soft tick argas vespertilionis (ixodida: argasidae) in the palaearctic.recently, a high degree of mitochondrial gene heterogeneity was demonstrated between conspecific ixodid ticks of bats in eurasia. argas vespertilionis is a soft tick species of mainly vespertilionid bats, also with a wide distribution in the old world. the aim of this study was to investigate the morphology, mitochondrial gene heterogeneity and host range of a. vespertilionis in the old world.201728241778
babesia vesperuginis in common pipistrelle ( pipistrellus pipistrellus) and the bat soft tick argas vespertilionis in republic of china.babesia vesperuginis was molecularly detected in 10% (5/48) of common pipistrelle bats ( pipistrellus pipistrellus) in shihezi city, northwestern china. interestingly, four bat ticks ( argas vespertilionis), from babesia dna-positive common pipistrelle bats, were also positive for b. vesperuginis. our findings extend the geographic range of the common pipistrelle bat as a reservoir of b. vesperuginis in asia.201829377752
molecular investigations of the bat tick argas vespertilionis (ixodida: argasidae) and babesia vesperuginis (apicomplexa: piroplasmida) reflect "bat connection" between central europe and central asia.argas vespertilionis is a geographically widespread haematophagous ectoparasite species of bats in the old world, with a suspected role in the transmission of babesia vesperuginis. the aims of the present study were (1) to molecularly screen a. vespertilionis larvae (collected in europe, africa and asia) for the presence of piroplasms, and (2) to analyze mitochondrial markers of a. vespertilionis larvae from central asia (xinjiang province, northwestern china) in a phylogeographical context. out ...201728536802
[detection of the tick carios vespertilionis in ddt and benzene hexachloride storage depots]. 201313551622
bat ticks of the genus argas (ixodoidea: argasidae). ii. the structure and possible function of the ventral paired grooves in a. (chiropterargas) boueti and a. (carios) vespertilionis. 19744850735
ticks (acari: ixodida) parasitizing bats in poland and slovakia.we summarize the previously published reports and the results of our own research about distribution of ticks parasitizing bats in poland and slovakia. five species of ticks infesting bats were recorded: carios vespertilionis, ixodes (e.) vespertilionis, i. (p.) simplex, i. (i.) ricinus and i. (ex.) trianguliceps. two last species were observed only on bats in poland. c. vespertilionis, i. vespertilionis and i. simplex are specific parasites of bats. c. vespertilionis was recorded on 37 sites in ...200919579784
argasid and spinturnicid mite load on swarming bats in the tatra mountains, poland.altogether 445 bats, representing nine species, caught during swarming in the lodowa cave in mount ciemniak, western tatra mountains, southern poland, were examined for ectoparasitic mites. in total, 259 spinturnicid (spinturnix mystacina, s. andegavinus, s. kolenatii, s. plecotinus and s. myoti) and 95 argasid (carios vespertilionis) mites were collected from seven bat species, myotis myotis, m. mystacinus, m. brandtii, m. daubentonii, eptesicus nilssonii, plecotus auritus, and vespertilio muri ...201122263314
[the taxonomy of the issyk-kul virus (iskv, bunyaviridae, nairovirus), the etiologic agent of the issyk-kul fever isolated from bats (vespertilionidae) and ticks argas (carios) vespertilionis (latreille, 1796)].the issyk-kul virus (etiological agent of the issyk-kul fever) was originally isolated from bats (nyctalus noctula schreber, 1774 (chiroptera: vespertilionidae)) and their parasites ticks (argas (carios) vespertilionis latreille, 1796 (parasitiformes: argasidae)) in kirghizia. sporadic cases and epidemics of the issyk-kul fever are observed in central asia since 1979. the iskv genome was de novo sequenced using the next-generation sequencing technology. according to the molecular-genetic and phy ...201624640165
an overview on sardinia's soft ticks (ixodida: argasidae).knowledge about soft ticks (ixodida: argasidae) in sardinia is incomplete and distribution data need to be updated. this work studies soft ticks on the island focusing on two species, argas reflexus and ornithodoros maritimus, both recently recorded. a total number of 12 specimens of these species of interest were collected between 2004 and 2015. this study reports for the first time the presence of o. maritimus in a coastal area in italy, and more generally in a coastal area rather than small i ...201626940844
diversity of bartonella and rickettsia spp. in bats and their blood-feeding ectoparasites from south africa and addition to several emerging viruses, bats have been reported to host multiple bacteria but their zoonotic threats remain poorly understood, especially in africa where the diversity of bats is important. here, we investigated the presence and diversity of bartonella and rickettsia spp. in bats and their ectoparasites (diptera and siphonaptera) collected across south africa and swaziland. we collected 384 blood samples and 14 ectoparasites across 29 different bat species and found positive sam ...201626999518
genomic characterization of yogue, kasokero, issyk-kul, keterah, gossas, and thiafora viruses: nairoviruses naturally infecting bats, shrews, and ticks.the genus nairovirus of arthropod-borne bunyaviruses includes the important emerging human pathogen, crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever virus (cchfv), as well as nairobi sheep disease virus and many other poorly described viruses isolated from mammals, birds, and ticks. here, we report genome sequence analysis of six nairoviruses: thiafora virus (tfav) that was isolated from a shrew in senegal; yogue (yogv), kasokero (kkov), and gossas (gosv) viruses isolated from bats in senegal and uganda; issyk- ...201526324724
parasite diversity of european myotis species with special emphasis on myotis myotis (microchiroptera, vespertilionidae) from a typical nursery roost.bats belong to one of the most species-rich orders within the mammalia. they show a worldwide distribution, a high degree of ecological diversification as well as a high diversity of associated parasites and pathogens. despite their prominent and unique role, the knowledge of their parasite-host-relationships as well as the mechanisms of co-evolutionary processes are, partly due to strict conservation regulations, scarce.201525880235
dna of piroplasms of ruminants and dogs in ixodid bat this study 308 ticks (ixodes ariadnae: 26 larvae, 14 nymphs, five females; i. vespertilionis: 89 larvae, 27 nymphs, eight females; i. simplex: 80 larvae, 50 nymphs, nine females) have been collected from 200 individuals of 17 bat species in two countries, hungary and romania. after dna extraction these ticks were molecularly analysed for the presence of piroplasm dna. in hungary i. ariadnae was most frequently identified from bat species in the family vespertilionidae, whereas i. vespertilion ...201627930692
potentially novel ehrlichia species in horses, nicaragua.ehrlichia sp. dna was amplified from 4 ehrlichia-seroreactive horses from mérida, nicaragua. sequencing of 16s rdna, sodb, and groel genes indicated that the bacterium is most likely a novel ehrlichia species. the tick vector and the potential for canine and human infection remain unknown.201525625228
ticks collected from selected mammalian hosts surveyed in the republic of korea during 2008-2009.a tick survey was conducted to determine the relative abundance and distribution of ticks associated with selected mammals in the republic of korea (rok) during 2008-2009. a total of 918 ticks were collected from 76 mammals (6 families, 9 species) captured at 6 provinces and 3 metropolitan cities in rok. haemaphysalis longicornis (54.4%) was the most frequently collected tick, followed by haemaphysalis flava (28.5%), ixodes nipponensis (7.6%), ixodes pomerantzevi (4.8%), ixodes persulcatus (4.6% ...201122072840
tick surveillance in great britain.the ability for public/veterinary health agencies to assess the risks posed by tick-borne pathogens is reliant on an understanding of the main tick vector species. crucially, the status, distribution, and changing trends in tick distribution and abundance are implicit requirements of any risk assessment; however, this is contingent on the quality of tick distribution data. since 2005 the health protection agency has promoted an enhanced tick surveillance program. through engagement with a variet ...201120849277
geographical distribution, host associations, and vector roles of ticks (acari: ixodidae, argasidae) in sweden.this review covers the geographic distribution and host relationships of the tick species in sweden. ixodes uriae white, i. caledonicus nuttall, i. unicavatus neumann, i. arboricola schulze & schlottke, and i. lividus koch are ornithophagous species. i. trianguliceps birula, i. canisuga johnston, i. hexagonus leach, and argas vespertilionis (latreille) are mammalophagous. i. ricinus (l.) and haemaphysalis punctata canestrini & fanzago feed on both birds and mammals. all these tick species may be ...19948189415
babesia vesperuginis: natural and experimental infections in british bats (microchiroptera).babesia vesperuginis is described from blood of two species of british bat: pipistrellus pipistrellus and myotis mystacinus. reticulocytes appeared significantly elevated in blood films of p. pipistrellus infected with b. vesperuginis compared with uninfected laboratory-maintained bats or apparently uninfected wild-caught bats. infected captive bats had significantly enlarged spleens. b. vesperuginis was transmitted by inoculation of infected blood to 5 uninfected captive p. pipistrellus. the co ...19873696774
[the tick fauna of eastern germany].the occurrence of several tick species in selected areas of eastern germany is described. from may 1987 till december 1989 8,472 ticks from 430 places were examined. ixodidae of the genus ixodes, dermacentor and haemaphysalis as well as argasidae of the genus argas were identified. the most common species was ixodes ricinus. furthermore, an endemic area of dermacentor reticulatus was detected in the düben-dahlen and annaburg health. two other species of ticks, which were found frequently and som ...19921416225
bat ectoparasites (nycteribiidae, streblidae, siphonaptera, heteroptera, mesostigmata, argasidae, and ixodidae) from algeria.twenty two species of ectoparasites (family nycteribiidae: nycteribia (listropoda) schmidlii schmidlii, nycteribia (nycteribia) latreillii, nycteribia (nycteribia) pedicularia, penicillidia (penicillidia) dufourii, and phthiridium biarticulatum; family streblidae: brachytarsina (brachytarsina) flavipennis and raymondia huberi; order siphonaptera: rhinolophopsylla unipectinata arabs, nycteridopsylla longiceps, araeopsylla gestroi, ischnopsyllus intermedius, and ischnopsyllus octactenus; order het ...201728504443
histological response of eptesicus serotinus (mammalia: chiroptera) to argas vespertilionis (acari: argasidae).the sequential histological development of argas vespertilionis (acarina: argasidae) feeding sites on eptesicus serotinus (mammalia: chiroptera) was evaluated. neutrophils, followed by langerhans cells, were the major components of the cellular infiltrate throughout the earliest phase of tick infestation. the host tended to isolate the tick mouthparts by means of a progressive formation of epithelial tissue in the feeding cavity.19947933275
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