some ectoparasites of commensal rodents from huambo, angola.eight species of ectoparasites were collected from 166 commensal rodents, including rattus rattus (l.), rattus norvegicus (berkenhout), and mus musculus (l.), from january to december 1986, in huambo, angola. the oriental rat flea, xenopsylla cheopis (rothschild), was the predominant species with respect to mean intensity and prevalence. other fleas collected were ctenophthalmus (ethioctenophthalmus) machadoi ribeiro, dinopsyllus (dinopsyllus) smiti ribeiro, and echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood ...19947966180
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxxvi. arthropod parasites of yellow mongooses, cynictis penicillata (g. cuvier, 1829).eighty yellow mongooses, cynictis penicillata, from five localities in south africa were examined for arthropod parasites. ten ixodid tick species, of which haemaphysalis zumpti was the most abundant, prevalent and widely distributed, were collected. the mongooses were also infested with two mite species. echidnophaga gallinacea was the most abundant of the eight flea species collected. it and ctenocephalides connatus were present at every locality. a single biting louse species, felicola cynict ...199910396760
ecto-, endo- and haemoparasites in free-range chickens in the goromonzi district in zimbabwe.a cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of ecto-, endo- and haemoparasites in free-range chickens from the goromonzi district, zimbabwe. fifty young and 50 adult birds were selected randomly. all chickens harboured ecto- and endoparasites, and 32% were infected with haemoparasites. eight different ectoparasites were identified; the more prevalent ones had the following prevalences (young, %; adult, %): argas persicus (6; 14), cnemidocoptes mutans (6; 32), echidnophaga gallinacea (72; 7 ...200212114010
the role of the burrowing owl and the sticktight flea in the spread of plague. 194117821262
an introduced generalist parasite, the sticktight flea (echidnophaga gallinacea), and its pathology in the threatened florida scrub-jay (aphelocoma coerulescens).the sticktight flea, (echidnophaga gallinacea), a major pest of the domestic chicken (gallus gallus) that can cause severe pathology or death if untreated, is rarely recorded in free-living avian species. sticktight fleas, however, were observed on the federally threatened florida scrub-jay (aphelocoma coerulescens) in february 2004, in south central florida. of the 81 florida scrub-jays (fsjs) sampled before the 2004 breeding season, 12 were infested, with from 1 to as many as 57 fleas. subsequ ...200617152932
surveillance of egyptian fleas for agents of public health significance: anaplasma, bartonella, coxiella, ehrlichia, rickettsia, and yersinia pestis.serologic surveys in egypt have documented human and animal exposure to vector-borne bacterial pathogens, but the presence and distribution of these agents in arthropods has not been determined. between july 2002 and july 2003, fleas were collected from 221 mammals trapped in 17 cities throughout egypt. a total of 987 fleas were collected, representing four species (ctenocephalides felis, echidnophaga gallinacea, leptopsylla segnis, and xenopsylla cheopis); 899 of these fleas were x. cheopis fro ...200616837707
fleas parasitizing domestic dogs in georgia, usa: species composition and seasonal abundance.monthly flea collections were made from domestic dogs in bulloch county, georgia, usa from september 1996 to august 2004. a total of 2518 fleas belonging to 8 species were collected. the most common flea was the cat flea, ctenocephalides felis (389 males and 1148 females), followed by the dog flea, ctenocephalides canis (250 males and 285 females), a generalist/carnivore flea, pulex simulans (106 males and 213 females), and a sticktight flea, echidnophaga gallinacea (3 males and 89 females). sma ...200515893082
prevalence of ectoparasites in a population of feral cats from north central florida during the summer.ectoparasites are a common and important cause of skin disorders in cats. ectoparasites are capable of disease transmission and can cause life-threatening anemia in young or debilitated animals. the objective of this study was to determine the potential feline ectoparasites in domestic cats by using a cohort of feral cats from north central florida that have not received veterinary care and have no known exposure to insecticide application. a total of 200 feral cats were randomly selected for th ...200212383632
effect of sex, size, and age of commensal rat hosts on the infestation parameters of their ectoparasites in a rural area of egypt.the present study was carried out in the bilbeis area, sharqiya governorate, egypt. a total of 127 male and 115 female black rats rattus rattus and 124 male and 153 female norway rats r. norvegicus was collected during the study period. a total of 20,643 and 40,997 ectoparasites was recovered from r. rattus and r. norvegicus, respectively. three common mite species were recovered from both rat hosts: ornithonyssus bacoti, radfordia ensifera, and laelaps nuttalli. three common flea species were a ...200111780814
what's eating you? echidnophaga gallinacea (the sticktight flea). 200111710441
seasonal studies on commensal rats and their ectoparasites in a rural area of egypt: the relationship of ectoparasites to the species, locality, and relative abundance of the host.the present study was carried out in 3 villages, namely kafr ayoub soliman, kafr ibrahim el-aidi, and el-sa'adat, sharqiya governorate, egypt. a total of 519 rats was collected from the 3 study sites: 46.6% rattus rattus, and 53.4% rattus norvegicus. a total of 20,643 ectoparasites was recovered from r. rattus: 33.3% mites, 33.8% fleas, and 32.9% lice. from r. norvegicus a total of 40,997 ectoparasites was recovered: 28.9% mites, 31% fleas, and 40.1% lice. three common mite species were recovere ...200111426717
laboratory techniques for rearing the fleas (siphonaptera: ceratophyllidae and pulicidae) of california ground squirrels (rodentia: sciuridae) using a novel nest box.three species of fleas, oropsylla montana (baker), hoplopsyllus anomalus (baker), and echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood), occur seasonally on the california ground squirrel, spermophilus beecheyi (richardson). few studies have focused on the biology and ecology of these fleas despite their importance in the epidemiology of sylvatic plague. to best duplicate a natural parasite-host relationship in the laboratory, a novel nest box was developed that facilitated housing wild-caught s. beecheyi, was ...200111372977
wolbachia endosymbionts in fleas (siphonaptera).intracellular endosymbionts, wolbachia spp., have been reported in many different orders of insects and in nematodes but not previously in fleas. this is the first conclusive report of wolbachia spp. within members of the siphonaptera. using nested polymerase chain reaction (pcr) targeting of the 16s ribosomal rna gene, we screened for wolbachia spp. in fleas collected from 3 counties in georgia and 1 in new york. the prevalence of wolbachia spp. detected varied among the 6 different species scr ...200312760642
sticktight fleas associated with fowl pox in a backyard chicken flock in california.a mixed breed rooster, from a backyard flock of 13 chickens, was received at california veterinary diagnostic laboratory system-turlock branch for postmortem examination. the bird presented with thickened, featherless, scab-encrusted skin around the head region. numerous sticktight fleas were found attached to the encrusted skin. microscopic evaluation of the skin revealed a lymphoplasmacytic reaction in the dermis with visible embedded flea mouthparts. also noted histologically in this region w ...19979454942
fleas on gray foxes in new mexico.from april 1992 to april 1993, fleas were collected from 15 gray foxes, urocyon cinereoargenteus schreber, in new mexico. flea species collected were cediopsylla inaequalis inaequalis baker (14/15), echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood) (1/15), euhoplopsyllus glacialis affinis baker (10/15), foxella ignota baker (1/15), pulex irritans (l.) (6/15), and pulex simulans baker (15/15). c. i. inaequalis and f. ignota are new host records for gray foxes. the collection of c. i. inaequalis, e. g. affinis, ...19957608929
prevalence of fleas on dogs in anambra state of examination of 338 dogs for fleas in anambra state revealed that 28.7% of the dogs were infested. while 2.1% of the dogs harboured the poultry flea echidnophaga gallinacea, 26.3% harboured the dog flea ctenocephalides canis. it was considered that ctenocephalides canis could be of great public health significance in this area in view of the high population of the flea. elimination of the flea was therefore recommended. the populations of fleas on dogs in other areas and the distribution of ct ...19853833826
ectoparasites of sympatric cottontails (sylvilagus audubonii nelson) and jack rabbits (lepus californicus mearns) from the high plains of eastern new mexico.eight species of ectoparasites were recovered from 35 sylvilagus audubonii and 35 lepus californicus occurring sympatrically near the clovis-portales area of eastern new mexico. recovered were anoplura (haemodipsus setoni), diptera (cuterebra lepusculi and cuterebra ruficrus), siphonaptera (echidnophaga gallinacea and euhoplopsyllus glacialis), and acari (ornithodoros parkeri, dermacentor parumapertus, and haemaphysalis leporispalustris). jaccard's index showed a 50% ectoparasitic overlap with h ...19883418460
echidnophaga gallinacea on a dog in quarantine in ireland. 19883413963
ectoparasites of guinea fowl (numida meleagris galeata pallas) and local domestic chicken (gallus gallus) in southern guinea savanna, nigeria.the ectoparasites of poultry in a southern guinea savanna zone were investigated by the examination of guinea fowl and local domestic chickens in the range and guinea fowl under intensive management. the prevalent ectoparasites of range guinea fowl and local chickens include seven species of lice menacanthus stramineus, menopon gallinae, goniodes gigas, goniocotes gallinae, lipeurus caponis, numidilipeurus tropicalis, damalinia bovis; three mites bdellonyssus bursa, megninia cubitalis, dermanyss ...19883195043
echidnophaga gallinacea infestation in dogs. 19744418935
repetitive sequences in the its1 region of the ribosomal dna of tunga penetrans and other flea species (insecta, siphonaptera).different tunga penetrans isolates from various hosts obtained from south america (fortaleza. brazil) have been studied by nucleotide sequence comparison of the first and the second internal transcribed spacer (its1, its2) of the ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (rdna) and part of the mitochondrial 16s rdna. results show no significant host-dependent sequence differences. no indication for intraindividual and intraspecific polymorphisms could be detected. comparing the its1 spacer region of t. pe ...200817952470
prevalence of ectoparasites in free-range backyard chickens, domestic pigeons (columba livia domestica) and turkeys of kermanshah province, west of iran.this study was carried out on free-range backyard chickens, domestic pigeons (columba livia domestica) and turkeys from may 2012 to april 2013 to determine the prevalence and identify the species of ectoparasites in kermanshah province, west of iran. of the total of 600 free-range backyard chickens (185 ♂ and 415 ♀), 700 domestic pigeons (278 ♂ and 422 ♀) and 150 turkeys (53 ♂ and 97 ♀), 389 (64.83 %), 608 (86.85 %) and 54 (36 %) were infected with one or more parasites respectively. eleven ecto ...201627413319
prevalence of ectoparasites of indigenous chickens from dalahu region, kermanshah province, iran.ectoparasitism is an important factor associated with the poor production of indigenous chickens. the present study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and ectoparasite diversity in indigenous chickens of the dalahu region in the western part of kermanshah province, iran.201627222329
sticktight fleas (echidnophaga gallinacea) on birds. 19921557875
ultrastructural comparison of the midgut epithelia of fleas with different feeding behavior patterns (xenopsylla cheopis, echidnophaga gallinacea, tunga penetrans, siphonaptera, pulicidae).this morphological study describes the ultrastructure of the midgut of three flea species, including temporary parasitic fleas (both sexes of xenopsylla cheopis, males and immature females of echidnophaga gallinacea and tunga penetrans) and stationary parasitic fleas (mature females of e. gallinacea and t. penetrans). (1) three cell types (a,b,c) constitute the midgut epithelium, each appearing in a characteristic and constant frequency along the whole midgut, a) the functional digestive cells f ...19768972
sticktight flea (echidnophaga gallinacea) infestation in a victoria crowned pigeon (goura victoria).a 12-yr-old female victoria crowned pigeon (goura victoria), acquired from a private aviculturalist, was diagnosed with a flea infestation during a quarantine examination. the fleas were embedded around the face and throat and were identified as sticktight fleas (echidnophaga gallinacea). despite the sticktight fleas' worldwide distribution and broad host range, there is a paucity of reports on flea infestations and their treatment in zoo and exotic pet birds. although this parasite has the pote ...200718229869
fleas parasitizing domestic dogs in addition to their importance to veterinary clinical practice as ectoparasites, fleas of domestic dogs are of special concern because they can be vectors of disease, including zoonoses. flea assemblages parasitizing domestic dogs usually comprise several flea species whose distribution is determined by factors acting at several scales. knowledge of these factors will aid in assessment of the distribution patterns of flea parasitism, and is an important tool in developing control strategies and ...200818031934
a new species of anomyopsyllus (insecta: siphonaptera), and noteworthy records of fleas from nelson s woodrat, neotoma nelsoni (rodentia: cricetidae) in the oriental.we report the first record of parasites from nelson's woodrat, neotoma nelsoni, a rare, endemic mammal of east-central mexico. we describe a new flea species of the genus anomiopsyllus (a. perontesis n. sp.) which present a complete row of bristles on sternum ix and 4 blunt spines on movable process, provide a new country record for the flea stenistomera alpina (baker, 1985) and report a new host record for the flea echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood, 1875). a taxonomic key for the new species is ...200818925827
a descriptive study of the canine population in a rural town in southern africa.the health status of a population of dogs (n = 220) from a rural southern african town is described. a cross sectional survey was done to collect the necessary information. all animals examined were mongrels with a mean condition score of 1.93. the oldest dog found in the population was 8 years old. rhipicephalus sanguineus was the dominant tick species encountered on the dogs, echidnophaga gallinacea the dominant flea species, while cordylobia anthropophaga and demodex canis also affected the h ...19911770490
a survey of ectoparasitic arthropods on domestic animals in tak province, july 2008 a survey of ectoparasites on domestic animals was conducted in the royal thai army areas of operation along the thai-myanmar border, tak province, thailand. eleven different ectoparasites were collected: two species of hard ticks (ixodidae), three species of fleas (siphonaptera) and 6 species of sucking or chewing lice (2 species each in the suborders anoplura, ischnocera and amblycera) were collected. domestic dogs (canis lupusfamiliaris) (n = 94) were found infested with 2 species ...200919842427
prevalence and biology of endosymbionts of fleas (siphonaptera: pulicidae) from dogs and cats in alachua county, florida.a study was conducted to determine the prevalence and biology of endosymbionts in local populations of fleas collected from dogs and cats in alachua co., florida. four hundred three ctenocephalides felis (bouché), 194 pulex simulans baker, and 44 echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood) were examined. fleas were collected from 52 dogs and 51 cats. from 1 to 20 fleas were dissected from each host. a variety of microorganisms and metazoa was observed, including a baculovirus, gram-negative bacteria, ric ...19902280390
a new species of anomiopsyllus baker, 1904 (insecta: siphonaptera), and noteworthy records of fleas from nelson's woodrat, neotoma nelsoni (rodentia: cricetidae), in the oriental basin, mexico.we report the first record of ectoparasites from nelson's woodrat, neotoma nelsoni, a rare, endemic mammal of east-central mexico. we also describe a new flea species of anomiopsyllus (a. perontesis n. sp.), which presents a complete row of bristles on sternum ix and 3 blunt spines on movable process; provide a new country record for the flea stenistomera alpina (baker, 1985); and report a new host record for the flea echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood, 1875). a taxonomic key for the new species ...200920050053
the cat flea (ctenocephalides f. felis) is the dominant flea on domestic dogs and cats in australian veterinary practices.this study was undertaken to determine the flea diversity on urban dogs and cats in australia in 2009-2010. a total of 2530 fleas were recovered from 291 animals (151 dogs, 69 cats and 71 uncategorised dogs or cats) from veterinary clinics across five states of australia. the majority of specimens were from coastal areas. the cat flea (ctenocephalides felis felis) was the most frequent flea species identified (98.8%, 2500/2530). the only other flea species identified was the stickfast flea (echi ...201121515000
control of the sticktight flea on chickens. 194620341280
seasonal and among-site variation in the occurrence and abundance of fleas on california ground squirrels (otospermophilus beecheyi).an improved understanding of the ecology of fleas on california ground squirrels, otospermophilus beecheyi, is warranted given the role of fleas in the transmission, and perhaps persistence, of the plague-causing bacterium yersinia pestis. we sampled o. beecheyi on a seasonal basis from three study sites, each representing a different land use type (preserve, pasture, and agriculture) in the san joaquin valley, ca. overall, the abundance of fleas on squirrels was greatest in spring at the preser ...201121635649
prevalence of parasites of the local scavenging chickens in a selected semi-arid zone of eastern kenya.a study to identify and estimate the prevalence of parasites of local chickens in a semi arid area of kenya was conducted between march 2005 and august 2006. three hundred and sixty (360) local chickens purchased from yathui division of machakos were examined. of those, 93.3% had helminths. nematodes were recovered in 268 (74.4%) chickens whereas 245 (68.1%) had cestodes. tetrameres americana (37.7%), ascaridia galli (33.3%) and heterakis gallinarum (22.8%) were the most important nematode speci ...200818422252
the current status of fleas according to environmental changes in some governorates in egypt.a preliminary survey of domestic rodent and their fleas was carried out in different environmental governorates (ismailia, dakahlia, el-fayoum, north sinai and matrouh), egypt. flea index (number of flea/rodent) and percentage frequency of different flea species were recorded in spring (2009- 2010). the main rodent species found were the norway rat, rattus norvegicus, the grey-bellied rat, rattus rattus alexandrinus, the white- bellied rat, rattus rattus frugivorus, the house mouse, mus musculus ...201121634253
External parasites of raptors (Falconiformes and Strigiformes): identification in an ex situ population from Mexico.Raptorial birds harbor a variety of ectoparasites and the mayority of them are host specific. The aim of this study was to identify the ectoparasites of captive birds of prey from Mexico, as well as to verify their impact in the health of infested birds. Raptorial birds were confiscated and kept in captivity at the Centro de Investigación y Conservación de Vida Silvestre (CIVS) in Los Reyes La Paz, Mexico State. Seventy-four birds of prey (66 Falconiformes and eigth Strigiformes) of 15 species w ...201122017130
molecular detection of rickettsia felis and candidatus rickettsia asemboensis in fleas from human habitats, asembo, kenya.the flea-borne rickettsioses murine typhus (rickettsia typhi) and flea-borne spotted fever (fbsf) (rickettsia felis) are febrile diseases distributed among humans worldwide. murine typhus has been known to be endemic to kenya since the 1950s, but fbsf was only recently documented in northeastern (2010) and western (2012) kenya. to characterize the potential exposure of humans in kenya to flea-borne rickettsioses, a total of 330 fleas (134 pools) including 5 species (xenopsylla cheopis, ctenoceph ...201323675818
a sticktight flea removed from the cheek of a two-year-old boy from los angeles.species-level identification of an ectoparasite often requires outside expertise. patients are increasingly turning to the internet for medical information, in part to gain access to experts. we present a case of a flea identified after contact was made between a patient's father and the authors via an insect-related forum on the internet. the flea had been attached for 12 hours without inducing symptoms before it was removed. the specimen was identified as a sticktight flea ectoparasites in the ...200919281709
field studies on dominant rodents and the efficacy of certain insecticides to their fleas in dakahlia governorate, egypt.a preliminary survey of domestic rodent and the efficacy of bendiocarb, diazinon and pirimiphos-methyl insecticides to their fleas were carried out in dakahlia governorates (aga, meet-ghamr, el-senbellawen, temi el-amded, beni-abed, dekernes, nabarow, talkha, menia el-nasr and el-kordy). rodent index (number of rodent/trap) and percentage frequency of drodent species were recorded from october 2010 to may 2011. the main rodent species found were the norway rat, rattus norvegicus, the grey-bellie ...201121980770
a new rickettsia species found in fleas collected from human dwellings and from domestic cats and dogs in senegal.abstract the insects of the order siphonaptera, commonly named fleas, are vectors of pathogens around the world. our previous studies showed that 4.4% of acute febrile diseases in the sine-saloum region of senegal were due to rickettsia felis. the aim of this study was to explain the high prevalence of r. felis infections in two rural senegalese populations by an entomological, systematic monitoring protocol. a total of 232 fleas from three species (ctenocephalides felis, echidnophaga gallinac ...201222214272
prevalence of fleas and gastrointestinal parasites in free-roaming cats in central mexico.the prevalence of fleas and gastrointestinal parasites in free-roaming and domestic cats in central mexico was evaluated. three hundred and fifty eight cats captured in the street or brought in by owners to the animal control center unit, a unit of state government, from june 2010 to may 2011, were included in the study. all cats were examined for the presence of fleas and gastrointestinal worms. one-hundred and ninety (53%) cats were infested with at least one flea species. single infestations ...201323573282
distribution and diversity of bartonella washoensis strains in ground squirrels from california and their potential link to human cases.we investigated the prevalence of bartonella washoensis in california ground squirrels (otospermophilus beecheyi) and their fleas from parks and campgrounds located in seven counties of california. ninety-seven of 140 (69.3%) ground squirrels were culture positive and the infection prevalence by location ranged from 25% to 100%. in fleas, 60 of 194 (30.9%) oropsylla montana were found to harbor bartonella spp. when screened using citrate synthase (glta) specific primers, whereas bartonella dna w ...201627705539
potential roles of pigs, small ruminants, rodents, and their flea vectors in plague epidemiology in sinda district, eastern zambia.a cross-sectional study was conducted in the eastern part of zambia that previously reported a plague outbreak. the aim of the study was to evaluate the potential role of pigs, goats, and sheep as sero-surveillance hosts for monitoring plague, and to investigate the flea vectors and potential reservoir hosts to establish the current status of plague endemicity in the district. serum samples were collected from 96 rodents, 10 shrews, 245 domestic pigs, 232 goats, and 31 sheep, whereas 106 organs ...201728399281
prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of bartonella species of wild carnivores and their fleas in northwestern mexico.the host-parasite-vector relationship of bartonella spp. system in wild carnivores and their fleas from northwestern mexico was investigated. sixty-six carnivores belonging to eight species were sampled, and 285 fleas belonging to three species were collected during spring (april-may) and fall (october-november) seasons. we detected bartonella species in 7 carnivores (10.6%) and 27 fleas (9.5%) through either blood culture or pcr. of the 27 bartonella-positive fleas, twenty-two were pulex simula ...201728197898
a survey on parasites of long-eared hedgehog (hemiechinus auritus) in northeast of there appeared to be no data available on parasite infection of hedgehogs in the region and considering the potential threat of hedgehogs for animal and public health, the present study was carried out using biological samples and necropsy findings collected from long-eared hedgehog captured in mashhad city in the northeast of iran. during the study 23 dead hedgehogs were collected randomly from different regions of mashhad county. following autopsy of these animals, observation for enteric p ...201627876947
[new data on the fleas (insecta, siphonaptera) of algeria].28 species or subspecies are noted; 6 are new for this country [echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood, 1875), xenopsylla blanci smit, 1957?, ischnopsyllus intermedius (rothschild, 1898), i. octactenus (kolenati, 1856), nycteridopsylla ancyluris jordan, 1942 and n. pentactena (kolenati, 1856)]. a new caenopsylla is described in another paper.19854028321
molecular detection of rickettsia felis and bartonella henselae in dog and cat fleas in central oromia, ethiopia.fleas are important vectors of several rickettsia and bartonella spp. that cause emerging zoonotic diseases worldwide. in this study, 303 fleas collected from domestic dogs and cats in ethiopia and identified morphologically as ctenocephalides felis felis, c. canis, pulex irritans, and echidnophaga gallinacea were tested for rickettsia and bartonella dna by using molecular methods. rickettsia felis was detected in 21% of fleas, primarily c. felis, with a similar prevalence in fleas from dogs and ...201424445204
[study of siphonaptera in somalia].in the period 1982-1984 samples of fleas were collected from wild animals of the middle scebeli, low scebeli and bay regions of somalia. in total 1,335 specimens (486 males and 849 females) were obtained from 17 species of mammalian hosts out of the 19 examined. the following species of fleas were identified: echidnophaga gallinacea, e. larina, e. murina, ctenocephalides felis strongylus, synosternus burtoni, s. somalicus, s. burtoni, s. somalicus, c. felis strongylus and e. larina are known to ...19883271983
high prevalence of rickettsia spp. in dog fleas (siphonaptera: pulicidae) in rural uganda.fleas are known vectors of zoonotic agents. thirty-five fleas, including 28 ctenocephalides felis (bouché), four pulex irritans (l.), and three echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood) from 19 rural dogs from southwestern uganda were analyzed for the presence of rickettsia spp. (ompb, glta, and 17 kda fragment genes) and bartonella spp. (rpob and its genes) by pcr. rickettsial dna was detected in 27 out of 28 of ct. felis and in two out of four p. irritans. none of the e. gallinacea specimens harbored ...201728399271
flea species infesting dogs in spain: updated spatial and seasonal distribution patterns.this entomological survey examines the spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of flea species infesting dogs in spain. bioclimatic zones covering broad climate and vegetation ranges were surveyed according to size. in a cross-sectional spatial survey carried out from late may 2013 to mid-july 2015, 1084 dogs from 42 different locations were examined. a total of 3032 fleas were collected and identified as belonging to the following species: ctenocephalides felis (siphonaptera: pulicidae) (81. ...201727790728
smallholder pig production: prevalence and risk factors of ectoparasites.a cross-sectional study was carried out in the mbeya region, tanzania, with the aim of describing the distribution and diversity of ectoparasites on pigs, within confinement and free-range production systems of smallholder farms. a total of 128 farms were surveyed, with 96 practising confinement and 32 practising free-range production systems. the prevalence of ectoparasites on pigs within confinement and free-range production systems was 24% and 84%, respectively. logistic regression analyses r ...201323357599
what's eating you? the sticktight flea (echidnophaga gallinacea). 201222611740
detection of rickettsia felis, rickettsia typhi, bartonella species and yersinia pestis in fleas (siphonaptera) from africa.little is known about the presence/absence and prevalence of rickettsia spp, bartonella spp. and yersinia pestis in domestic and urban flea populations in tropical and subtropical african countries.201425299702
fleas of small mammals on reunion island: diversity, distribution and epidemiological consequences.the diversity and geographical distribution of fleas parasitizing small mammals have been poorly investigated on indian ocean islands with the exception of madagascar where endemic plague has stimulated extensive research on these arthropod vectors. in the context of an emerging flea-borne murine typhus outbreak that occurred recently in reunion island, we explored fleas' diversity, distribution and host specificity on reunion island. small mammal hosts belonging to five introduced species were ...201425188026
what's eating you? sticktight flea revisited.the sticktight flea (echidnophaga gallinacea) earns its name by embedding its head in the host's skin. it has been found in many species of birds and mammals, including humans. the sticktight flea is found worldwide in the tropics, subtropics, and temperate zones, and it is the only representative of this genus found in the united states. bites from fleas cause irritation and itching for hosts including humans, typically resulting in clusters of firm, pruritic, erythematous papules. treatment ca ...201728873107
diversity and prevalence of ectoparasites on backyard chicken flocks in california.peridomestic ("backyard") chicken flocks are gaining popularity in the developed world (e.g., north america or europe), yet little is known regarding prevalence or severity of their ectoparasites. therefore, five birds on each of 20 properties throughout southern california were surveyed in summer for on-host (permanent) and off-host dwelling (temporary) ectoparasites. only four premises (20%) were entirely free of ectoparasites. in declining order of prevalence (% of premises), permanent ectopa ...201626753948
prevalence and seasonality of fleas associated with california ground squirrels and the potential risk of tularemia in an outdoor non-human primate research facility.ectoparasites at primate research centers may be difficult to control, e.g. without exposing non-human primates (nhps) to toxicants, but their impact on nhp health is poorly understood. in 2010, there was an epizootic of tularemia at the california national primate research center (cnprc) in yolo county, california that resulted in 20 confirmed and suspect clinical cases in outdoors housed rhesus macaques (macaca mulatta [zimmermann]) and a 53% seroprevalence in the southern section of the colon ...201729202201
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