biological control of the root rot and collar rot of "okra" (abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench). 19744422782
bhendi yellow vein mosaic disease in india is caused by association of a dna beta satellite with a begomovirus.yellow vein mosaic disease is the major limitation in the production of bhendi or okra (abelmoschus esculentus), an important vegetable crop of india. this disease is caused by a complex consisting of the monopartite begomovirus bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (byvmv, family: geminiviridae) and a small satellite dna beta component. byvmv can systemically infect bhendi upon agroinoculation but produces only mild leaf curling in this host. dna beta induces typical symptoms of bhendi yellow vein mo ...200312573576
antioxidant activity of five vegetables traditionally consumed by south-asian migrants in bradford, yorkshire, uk.five vegetables traditionally consumed among south-asian migrants in bradford (yorkshire, uk) were tested for their free radical scavenging activity (frsa) in the dpph (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil radical) screening assay (using extracts prepared both by cold maceration and also by boiling the plant in the solvent under reflux) and for their in vitro non-enzymatic inhibition of bovine brain lipid peroxidation. in both antioxidant assays a strong activity was shown by extracts derived from okra ...200516261524
large molecules as anti-adhesive compounds against pathogens.anti-adhesive compounds are potential prophylactic tools in alternative treatment regimes against bacterial infection, as bacterial adhesion is commonly mediated by carbohydrate-protein interactions between surface adhesions of microorganisms and the host cell. the use of exogenous polyvalent, high-molecular carbohydrates and tannin-like plant-derived compounds should antagonize the adhesive interaction. a range of carbohydrates and carbohydrate- and proanthocyanidin-enriched plant extracts were ...200717637170
intraspecific variation in zucchini yellow mosaic virus transmission by myzus persicae and the impact of aphid host plant.three isofemale lines of myzus persicae (sulzer), two lines collected from and reared on a brassicaceous host, and one line collected from and reared on a malvaceous host, were evaluated for their efficiency of transmitting zucchini yellow mosaic virus (family potyviridae, genus potyvirus, zymv). in the first experiment, the transmission efficiencies of two clones from brassicaceae (b1 and b2) were 52.0 and 60.8%, respectively, and these transmissions were not significantly different. in a secon ...200718232392
distribution and diversity of geminiviruses in trinidad and tobago.abstract seven crop and eight weed species from 12 agricultural locations in trinidad and tobago were assayed for the presence of whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses (wtgs) by using dot blot hybridization and polymerase chain reaction (pcr) amplification of the n-terminal coat protein sequence with degenerate primers. the amplified fragments were cloned and analyzed by restriction enzyme digestion to determine fragment length polymorphism among the cloned fragments. representative clones were the ...199818944827
effect of chemical paclobutrazol on growth, yield and quality of okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.) har lium cultivar in northeast thailand.this investigation was carried out at mahasarakham university experimental farm, mahasarakham university, northeast thailand in the late rainy season of the 2003 to 2004 with the use of roi-et soil series (oxic paleustults). the experiment aims to search for more information on the effect of different rates of chemical paclobutrazol (pbz) application on growth, yield and quality of edible okra pods. a randomised complete block design (rcdb) with four replications was used for the experiment. the ...200719069514
combined effects of psoralens and ultraviolet-b on growth, pigmentation and biochemical parameters of abelmoschus esculentus l.the effects of pre-treatment of psoralens (furocoumarin compounds) and supplemental ultraviolet-b (suv-b) were studied on plant growth, photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic pigments, protein, phenylalanine ammonia lyase (pal) activity and antioxidative defense potential as well as their ultimate effects on biomass production in abelmoschus esculentus l. (okra) plants. psoralens are capable of absorbing radiant energy and stimulating the pigmentation of human skin when photo-activated in presenc ...200919187962
roles and interactions of begomoviruses and satellite dnas associated with okra leaf curl disease in mali, west africa.okra leaf curl disease (olcd) is a major constraint on okra (abelmoschus esculentus) production in west africa. two monopartite begomoviruses (okra virus-1 and okra virus-2), a betasatellite and a dna1 satellite are associated with olcd in mali. okra virus-1 is an isolate of okra yellow crinkle virus (oycrv), okra virus-2 is a recombinant isolate of cotton leaf curl gezira virus (clcugv) and the betasatellite is a variant of cotton leaf curl gezira betasatellite (clcugb). cloned dna of oycrv and ...200919264648
xiphidorus amazonensis n. sp. (nematoda: longidoridae) from the brazilian amazon basin.xiphidorus amazonensis n. sp. was found in the rhizospheres of jatropha curcas, musa sp., anona muricata, cassia tora, panicum laxum, paspalum fasciculatum, aeschynomene sensitiva, saccharum officinarum, manihot esculenta, abelmoschus esculentus, tamarindus indica, mangifera indica, vigna unguiculata, zea mays, commelina sp., cyperus rotundus, fimbristylis miliacea, citrus sinensis, and eichhornia crassipes on the amazon river island of xiborena, approximately 40 km southeast of manaus, capital ...198519294098
effects of management practices on nematode and fungi populations and okra yield.okra was grown in field plots of tifton loamy sand naturally infested with the nematodes meloidogyne incognita and criconemoides ornalus and the pathogenic fungi fusarium oxysporum, f. solani, f. roseum, and pythium spp. plots were treated with various soil pesticides and left exposed or covered with biodegradable paper film mulch under trickle irrigation. soil was assayed for nematodes and fungi, and plant roots were examined for root-rot and insect damage. fewer nematodes and fungi generally w ...197719305580
diversity and phylogeography of begomovirus-associated beta satellites of okra in india.abstract: background: okra (abelmoschus esculentus; family malvaceae) is grown in temperate as well as subtropical regions of the world, both for human consumption as a vegetable and for industrial uses. okra yields are affected by the diseases caused by phyopathogenic viruses. india is the largest producer of okra and in this region a major biotic constraint to production are viruses of the genus begomovirus. begomoviruses affecting okra across the old world are associated with specific, sympt ...201122188644
rhizosphere mycoflora of healthy and yellow vein mosaic virus infected okra (abelmoschus esculentus) plants.investigations on the rhizosphere mycoflora of healthy and virus (yvmv) infected okra plants showed a higher fungal population in the rhizosphere of healthy plants at preflowering and post-flowering stages than in that of diseased ones. maximum population was observed during flowering both in healthy and diseased plant rhizosphere as well as in non-rhizosphere soil. however, virus infected plants showed a higher population at the flowering stage than healthy ones. the quantitative differences in ...200094749
comparison of plant growth-promotion with pseudomonas aeruginosa and bacillus subtilis in three vegetables.our objective was to compare some plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (pgpr) properties of bacillus subtilis and pseudomonas aeruginosa as representatives of their two genera. solanum lycopersicum l. (tomato), abelmoschus esculentus (okra), and amaranthus sp. (african spinach) were inoculated with the bacterial cultures. at 60 days after planting, dry biomass for plants treated with b. subtilis and p. aeruginosa increased 31% for tomato, 36% and 29% for okra, and 83% and 40% for african spinach ...200824031240
assessment of plant lectin antifungal potential against yeasts of major importance in medical mycology.the search for new compounds with antifungal activity is accelerating due to rising yeast and fungal resistance to commonly prescribed drugs. among the molecules being investigated, plant lectins can be highlighted. the present work shows the potential of six plant lectins which were tested in vitro against yeasts of medical importance, candida albicans, candida tropicalis, candida parapsilosis, cryptococcus gattii, cryptococcus neoformans, malassezia pachydermatis, rhodotorula sp. and trichospo ...201323161017
cropping effects of marigolds, corn, and okra on population levels of meloidogyne javanica and on carrot yields. 198419294045
efficient genetic transformation of okra (abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench) and generation of insect-resistant transgenic plants expressing the cry1ac gene.agrobacterium -mediated transformation system for okra using embryos was devised and the transgenic bt plants showed resistance to the target pest, okra shoot, and fruit borer ( earias vittella ). okra is an important vegetable crop and progress in genetic improvement via genetic transformation has been impeded by its recalcitrant nature. in this paper, we describe a procedure using embryo explants for agrobacterium-mediated transformation and tissue culture-based plant regeneration for efficien ...201323504006
physiological, biochemical and growth responses of lady's finger (abelmoschus esculentus l.) plants as affected by cd contaminated soil.cadmium contamination of the soil is a common cause of environmental concern in the suburban areas of developing cities in india the present research paper describes the changes in physiological, biochemical, growth and yield characteristics, and bioaccumulation potential of lady's finger (abelmoschus esculentus l.), an important vegetable crop at different levels of cd in the soil. cadmium accumulation was maximum in roots followed by stems, leaves and fruits at 100 mg cd kg(-1) in the soil. cd ...201020499048
photosynthesis and kinetic characteristics of rubisco in hibiscus cannabinus l.photosynthetic characteristics in kenaf (hibiscus cannabinus l.), a c3 plant, were compared with abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench, another member of malvaceae. kenaf leaves exhibited significantly higher rate of photosynthesis (40 mg co2 dm(-2) hr(-1)) which was 24.6 mg dm(-2) hr(-1) in a. esculentus. rate of photo and dark respiration was similar in both the species. kenaf leaf photosynthesis had a higher optimum temperature (32 degrees c) than that of a. esculentus (26 degrees c). photosynth ...200012557922
first identification of α-glucosidase inhibitors from okra (abelmoschus esculentus) seeds.infusion of roasted okra seeds has long been consumed in turkey for diabetes mellitus therapy. previous reports of a hypoglycemic effect observed in rats administrated with okra seed extract indicated a possible connection with inhibition of intestinal alpha-glucosidase. an attempt to identify active components was first herein conducted using alpha-glucosidase-inhibition-guided isolation, yielding two major flavonol glucosides named isoquercetin (2) and quercetin-3-o-beta-glucopyranosyl-(1"' -- ...201324079173
generation, characterization and reuse of solid wastes from a biodiesel production plant.the aim of this study was to identify and characterize industrial solid wastes generated by a biodiesel production plant in brazil, as well as to present strategies for the management of these materials. this plant produces every year around 100,000tons of biodiesel from vegetable oils and animal fats. the methodology of the study included technical visits, interviews with the operational and environmental management staff as well as analysis of documents, reports and computerized data systems. ...201727955886
the effect of abelmoschus esculentus on blood levels of glucose in diabetes mellitus.diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that results in hyperglycemia. according to the statistics of the international diabetes federation (idf), this problem has a fast growing prevalence and, unfortunately, leaves permanent complications on different body systems. for this reasons, nowadays attentions has been paid to the traditional medicine such as okra (abelmoscus esculentus). the aim of this study was the evaluation of the effect of okra (abelmoscus esculentus) on blood levels of glucos ...201627840529
molecular characterization of distinct bipartite begomovirus infecting bhendi (abelmoschus esculentus l.) in india.yellow vein mosaic disease of okra is a whitefly transmitted begomovirus causing heavy economic loss in different parts of india. the okra isolate (oy131) of this virus from a bhendi plant [(abelmoschus esculentus l.) moench] showing yellow vein mosaic, vein twisting, reduced leaves, and a bushy appearance in the palem region, new delhi, india, was characterized in the present study. the complete dna-a and dna-b sequences have been determined and are comprised of 2,746 and 2,703 nucleotides, res ...201222447131
association of a recombinant cotton leaf curl bangalore virus with yellow vein and leaf curl disease of okra in india.a begomovirus isolate (oy136a) collected from okra plants showing upward leaf curling, vein clearing, vein thickening and yellowing symptoms from bangalore rural district, karnataka, india was characterized. the sequence comparisons revealed that, this virus isolate share highest nucleotide identity with isolates of cotton leaf curl bangalore virus (clcubv) (ay705380) (92.8 %) and okra enation leaf curl virus (81.1-86.2 %). this is well supported by phylogentic analysis showing, close clustering ...201324426275
antifatigue effects of ethanol extracts and polysaccharides isolated from abelmoschus esculentus.the aim of this study is to determine the antifatigue active fraction from abelmoschus esculentus. the in vivo antifatigue effects of ethanol extracts and polysaccharides from a. esculentus fruit have been determined. the polysaccharides of a. esculentus were determined as the best effective fractions of antifatigue effects.201727601853
neuroprotective effects of quercetin, rutin and okra (abelmoschus esculentus linn.) in dexamethasone-treated mice.the administration of dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, causes neuronal death in the ca3 layer of the hippocampus, which has been associated with learning and memory impairments. this study aimed to examine the ability of okra (abelmoschus esculentus linn.) extract and its derivatives (quercetin and rutin) to protect neuronal function and improve learning and memory deficits in mice subjected to dexamethasone treatment. learning and memory functions in mice were examine ...201121740943
seed oil and fatty acid content in okra (abelmoschus esculentus) and related species.approximately 1100 genebank accessions of okra (abelmoschus esculentus) and 540 additional accessions that included six of its related species-a. caillei, a. crinitis, a. esculentus, a. ficulneus, a. manihot, a. moschatus and a. tuberculatus-were evaluated for seed oil content using time domain nmr (td-nmr). oil content in seed of a. caillei, a. esculentus, a. ficulneus, a. manihot, a. moschatus and a. tuberculatus was in the ranges 2.51-13.61%, 12.36-21.56%, 6.62-16.7%, 16.1-22.0%, 10.3-19.8% a ...201121413797
flavonoids derived from abelmoschus esculentus attenuates uv-b induced cell damage in human dermal fibroblasts through nrf2-are pathway.ultraviolet-b (uv-b) radiation is a smaller fraction of the total radiation reaching the earth but leads to extensive damage to the deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) and other biomolecules through formation of free radicals altering redox homeostasis of the cell. abelmoschus esculentus (okra) has been known in ayurveda as antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, demulscent, antispasmodic, diuretic, purgative, etc.201627279697
screening of dried plant seed extracts for adiponectin production activity and tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitory activity on 3t3-l1 search for dried plant seeds with potent anti-diabetes activity, we conducted a large scale screening for inhibitory activity on tumor necrosis factor-alpha and facilitating activity on adiponectin production in vitro. these activities in 3t3-l1 adipocytes were screened from ethanol extracts of 20 kinds of dried plant seed marketed in japan. komatsuna (brassica rapa var. perviridis), common bean (phaseolus vulgaris l.), qing geng cai (brassica rapa var. chinensis), green soybean (glycine max) ...201020717728
development and survival of spodoptera exigua (lepidoptera: noctuidae) on alternate crops in cotton cropping pattern, with implications to integrated pest management.spodoptera exigua (hübner) is a polyphagous pest that shifts its population to different hosts during its life cycle to receive nutritive advantages. therefore, demographic evaluation of alternate hosts is important for effective pest management. here, we have evaluated castor (ricinus communis l.), cauliflower (brassica oleracea l.), cotton (gossypium hirsutum l.), okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.), and spinach (spinacia oleracea l.) for growth, survival, and population development of s. exigua. ...201728383691
complete nucleotide sequences of okra isolates of cotton leaf curl gezira virus and their associated dna-beta from niger.okra (abelmoschus esculentus) is a major crop in niger. in the fall of 2007, okra leaf curl disease was observed in niger and the begomovirus and dna-beta satellite were found associated with the disease. the complete nucleotide sequences of dna-a (fj469626 and fj469627) and associated dna-beta satellites (fj469628 and fj469629) were determined from two samples. this is the first report of molecular characterization of okra-infecting begomovirus and their associated dna-beta from niger. the bego ...200919156351
effects of green manures on growth, yield and quality of green okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.) har lium cultivar.this green manure experiment with the use of okra crop as indicator plant was carried out at mahasarakham university experimental farm, mahasarakham province, northeast thailand during may to september 2005 to investigate four types of green manure legume crops on growth, yield and quality of edible fresh pods of okra crop when grown on roi-et soil series (oxic paleustults). the four types of green manure plants include jack bean, cowpea, green gram, and giant sensitive plant. the experiment con ...200719070046
field efficacy of azadirachtin-a, tetrahydroazadirachtin-a, neemazal and endosulfan against key pests of okra (abelmoschus esculentus).background unlike synthetic pesticides, azadirachtin-based neem pesticides are environmentally friendly and are well known for their diverse pest control properties. their use is, however, limited by the instability of azadirachtin, necessitating application at short intervals. the efficacy of relatively stable tetrahydroazadirachtin-a, therefore, needed to be established under field conditions. results: azadirachtin-a (aza-a), its stable derivative tetrahydroazadirachtin-a (tha) and other neem ...200818537118
complete nucleotide sequence and experimental host range of okra mosaic virus.okra mosaic virus (okmv) is a tymovirus infecting members of the family malvaceae. early infections in okra (abelmoschus esculentus) lead to yield losses of 12-19.5%. besides intensive biological characterizations of okmv only minor molecular data were available. therefore, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a nigerian isolate of okmv. the complete genomic rna (grna) comprises 6,223 nt and its genome organization showed three major orfs coding for a putative movement protein (mp) ...200818049886
in vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory activity of okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.) polysaccharides.crude okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.) polysaccharide (rps) was obtained by water extraction and alcohol precipitation. three purified fractions of rps, designated rps-1, rps-2, and rps-3, were fractioned by diethylaminoethyl (deae)-cellulose chromatography. their molecular weights, monosaccharide compositions, infrared (fourier transform infrared [ft-ir]) spectra, and nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) spectra were analyzed. their immunomodulatory activity was evaluated with an in vitro cell mode ...201626836029
abelmoschus esculentus fractions potently inhibited the pathogenic targets associated with diabetic renal epithelial to mesenchymal transition.although abelmoschus esculentus (ae) is known for anti-hyperglycemia, few reports have addressed its target. our recent studies have focused on diabetic renal epithelial to mesenchymal transition (emt), which plays a critical role in fibrosis that accompanies increasing vimentin and suggested signals dpp-4/at-1/tgf-β1. this study aimed to investigate whether ae is useful for preventing diabetic renal emt. we used a succession of extractions and obtained the corresponding fractions f1-f5, each wi ...201626787242
beneficial effect of medicinal plants on the contractility of post-hypoxic isolated guinea pig atria - potential implications for the treatment of ischemic-reperfusion injury.context ischemic-reperfusion injury is accompanied by a decreased contractility of the myocardium. positive-inotropic agents have proven useful for treating this condition but may exert serious side-effects. objective in this study, aqueous preparations from abelmoschus esculentus l. moench (malvaceae), annona muricata l. (annonaceae), bixa orellana l. (bixaceae), cecropia peltata l. (moraceae), erythrina fusca lour. (fabaceae), psidium guajava l. (myrtaceae) and terminalia catappa l. (combretac ...201626730936
heavy metal (cu, zn, cd and pb) contamination of vegetables in urban india: a case study in varanasi.the contributions of heavy metals in selected vegetables through atmospheric deposition were quantified in an urban area of india. deposition rate of zn was recorded maximum followed by cu, cd and pb. the concentrations of zn and cu were highest in brassica oleracea, cd in abelmoschus esculentus and b. oleracea, while pb was highest in beta vulgaris. heavy metal pollution index showed that b. oleracea was maximally contaminated with heavy metals followed by a. esculentus and then b. vulgaris. th ...200818031880
biotechnological advancements and begomovirus management in okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.): status and perspectives.despite the importance of okra, as one of the important vegetable crop, very little attention has been paid to its genetic improvement using advanced biotechnological tools. the exploitation of marker assisted breeding in okra is often limited due to the availability of a few molecular markers, the absence of molecular genetic-map(s), and other molecular tools. chromosome linkage-groups were not yet constructed for this crop and reports on marker development are very scanty and mostly hovering a ...201728367155
a correlation between the dissipation of insecticides and rhizosphere microflora of abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench.a study to understand the relationship between the dissipation of aldicarb and disulfoton in the rhizosphere region of bhendi and the microbial population revealed a negative correlation between the fungal and azotobacter population and the residues of both insecticides. however, no definite correlation could be recorded between the populations of bacteria and actinomycetes and the residues of the insecticides.1977910573
αlpha-2 adrenergic and opioids receptors participation in mice gastroprotection of abelmoschus esculentus lectin.lectins are a heterogeneous group of proteins and glycoproteins with potential role as therapeutic and diagnostic tools to combat various diseases, besides some functions on human organism. abelmoschus esculentus (okra), a horticultural plant of african origin, is cultivated in northeastern brazil, and used for different medicinal purposes. this work is aimed to elucidate the action mechanisms of abelmoschus esculentus lectin (ael) gastro protective effect on gastropathy induced by ethanol. fast ...201626831461
separation of α-amylase inhibitors from abelmoschus esculentus (l).moench by on-line two-dimensional high-speed counter-current chromatography target-guided by this study, an on-line two-dimensional high-speed counter-current chromatography system based on a six-port valve was developed. target-guided by ultrafiltration with high-performance liquid chromatography, the one-step isolation of three potential α-amylase inhibitors from abelmoschus esculentus (l).moench was achieved by employing the developed orthogonal system and extrusion elution mode. the purities of three potential α-amylase inhibitors were all over 95% as determined by high-performan ...201526337511
antiadhesive properties of abelmoschus esculentus (okra) immature fruit extract against helicobacter pylori adhesion.traditional asian and african medicine use immature okra fruits (abelmoschus esculentus) as mucilaginous food to combat gastritis. its effectiveness is due to polysaccharides that inhibit the adhesion of helicobacter pylori to stomach tissue. the present study investigates the antiadhesive effect in mechanistic detail.201424416297
acetylated rhamnogalacturonans from immature fruits of abelmoschus esculentus inhibit the adhesion of helicobacter pylori to human gastric cells by interaction with outer membrane proteins.polysaccharide containing extracts from immature fruits of okra (abelmoschus esculentus) are known to exhibit antiadhesive effects against bacterial adhesion of helicobacter pylori (h. pylori) to stomach tissue. the present study investigates structural and functional features of polymers responsible for this inhibition of bacterial attachment to host cells. ammonium sulfate precipitation of an aqueous extract yielded two fractions at 60% and 90% saturation with significant antiadhesive effects ...201526389872
target-guided isolation of polar antioxidants from abelmoschus esculentus (l). moench by high-speed counter-current chromatography method coupled with wavelength switching and extrusion elution off-line two-dimensional high-speed counter-current chromatography strategy combined with the wavelength switching technique and extrusion elution mode was successfully developed and applied to the isolation of polar antioxidants from abelmoschus esculentus (l).moench. target-guided by the result of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl screening assay, four antioxidants were obtained with purities over 90% through orthogonal high-speed counter-current chromatography separation. uv spectroscopy, mass ...201627542571
the effect of abelmoschus esculentus on blood levels of glucose in diabetes mellitus.diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that results in hyperglycemia. according to the statistics of the international diabetes federation (idf), this problem has a fast growing prevalence and, unfortunately, leaves permanent complications on different body systems. for this reasons, nowadays attentions has been paid to the traditional medicine such as okra (abelmoscus esculentus). the aim of this study was the evaluation of the effect of okra (abelmoscus esculentus) on blood levels of glucos ...201627516694
biochemical and histochemical analyses revealing endophytic alcaligenes faecalis mediated suppression of oxidative stress in abelmoschus esculentus challenged with sclerotium rolfsii.sclerotium rolfsii is a highly aggressive pathogen that causes huge economic losses, especially in temperate climates. alcaligenes faecalis, particularly in endophytic form, has rarely been used to control this fungus. in this study, endophytic alcaligenes sp. strain bhu 12, bhu 16 (isolated from abelmoschus esculentus leaf) and bhu m7 (isolated from andrographis paniculata leaf) were reported to trigger a wide range of host defenses in okra plant against the collar-rot pathogen s. rolfsii. endo ...201627816824
antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic potential of abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench. in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.the present investigation was aimed to study the antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic potential of abelmoschus esculentus peel and seed powder (aepp and aesp) in streptozotocin (stz)-induced diabetic rats.201121966160
lectin from abelmoschus esculentus reduces zymosan-induced temporomandibular joint inflammatory hypernociception in rats via heme oxygenase-1 pathway integrity and tnf-α and il-1β suppression.temporomandibular joint (tmj) disorders show inflammatory components, heavily impacting on quality of life. abelmoschus esculentus is largely cultivated in northeastern brazil for medicinal purposes, having it shown anti-inflammatory activity. we evaluated a. esculentus lectin (ael) efficacy in reducing zymosan-induced temporomandibular joint inflammatory hypernociception in rats along with the mechanism of action through which it exerts anti-inflammatory activity. animals were pre-treated with ...201627344040
vermicomposting transforms allelopathic parthenium into a benign organic fertilizer.vermicompost, which had been derived solely by the action of the epigeic earthworm eisenia fetida on parthenium (parthenium hysterophorus), was tested for its impact on the germination and early growth of green gram (vigna radiata), ladies finger (abelmoschus esculentus) and cucumber (cucumis sativus). seedlings were germinated and grown in soil amended with 0 (control), 0.75, 1.5, 2, 4, 8, 20 and 40% (by weight) parthenium vermicompost. even though parthenium is known to possess strong negative ...201627233043
field evaluation of a botanical formulation from the milky mangrove excoecaria agallocha l. against helicoverpa armigera hübner. in abelmoschus esculentus (lady's finger) and cajanus cajan (pigeon pea).to evaluate a formulation from the milky mangrove tree excoecaria agallocha l. (e. agallocha) against helicoverpa armigera hubner (h. armigera).201425312115
content determination of the flavonoids in the different parts and different species of abelmoschus esculentus l. by reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatograph and colorimetric method.this research will establish the ultraviolet colorimetric method to determine the total flavonoid content in different species and different parts of abelmoschus esculentus l.201425210315
heavy metals phyto-assessment in commonly grown vegetables: water spinach (i. aquatica) and okra (a. esculentus).the growth response, metal tolerance and phytoaccumulation properties of water spinach (ipomoea aquatica) and okra (abelmoschus esculentus) were assessed under different contaminated spiked metals: control, 50 mg pb/kg soil, 50 mg zn/kg soil and 50 mg cu/kg soil. the availability of pb, zn and cu metals in both soil and plants were detected using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. the concentration and accumulation of heavy metals from soil to roots and shoots (edible parts) were evaluated in ...201627119073
protective effect of abelmoschus esculentus against alloxan-induced diabetes in wistar strain rats.increased oxidative stress has been shown to play an important role in the etiology and pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications. abelmoschus esculentus (okra) has been reported to possess many important biological properties. we undertook in vivo studies on male wistar rats to examine the antioxidative potential of okra in normal and alloxan-treated diabetic rats. okra extract was administered to control and diabetic rats for 35 consecutive days. erythrocyte plasma membrane redox system ( ...201627065051
molecular diversity of cotton leaf curl gezira virus isolates and their satellite dnas associated with okra leaf curl disease in burkina faso.okra leaf curl disease (olcd) is a major constraint on okra (abelmoschus esculentus) production and is widespread in africa. using a large number of samples representative of the major growing regions in burkina faso (bf), we show that the disease is associated with a monopartite begomovirus and satellite dna complexes. twenty-three complete genomic sequences of cotton leaf curl gezira virus (clcugv) isolates associated with olcd, sharing 95 to 99% nucleotide identity, were cloned and sequenced. ...201020178575
proximate, mineral, and antinutrient compositions of indigenous okra (abelmoschus esculentus) pod accessions: implications for mineral bioavailability.the promotion and consumption of indigenous vegetables could help to mitigate food insecurity and alleviate malnutrition in developing countries. nutrient and antinutrient compositions of eight accessions of okra pods were investigated. molar ratios and mineral bioavailability of okra pod accessions were also calculated and compared to the critical values to predict the implications for mineral bioavailability. proximate and mineral composition of okra pod accessions were determined using standa ...201627004112
heavy metals in vegetables collected from production and market sites of a tropical urban area of india.vegetables (beta vulgaris l., abelmoschus esculentus l. and brassica oleracea l.) from the production and market sites of india were tested for cu, cd, zn and pb. at market sites, the mean concentration of cu in cauliflower, and of zn and cd in both palak and cauliflower had exceeded the pfa standard. zn at the production sites also exceeded the pfa standard in cauliflower. cd concentration in vegetables tested from both production and market sites was many folds higher than the eu standard. in ...200919138719
the content and bioavailability of mineral nutrients of selected wild and traditional edible plants as affected by household preparation methods practiced by local community in benishangul gumuz regional state, ethiopia.edible parts of some wild and traditional vegetables used by the gumuz community, namely, portulaca quadrifida, dioscorea abyssinica, abelmoschus esculentus, and oxytenanthera abyssinica, were evaluated for their minerals composition and bioavailability. mineral elements, namely, ca, fe, zn, and cu, were analyzed using shimadzu atomic absorption spectrophotometer. effects of household processing practices on the levels of mineral elements were evaluated and the bioavailability was predicted usin ...201626981523
an ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used by the village peoples of thoppampatti, dindigul district, tamilnadu, india.this study provides significant ethnopharmacological information, both qualitative and quantitative on medicinal plants in the thoppampatti village, dindigul district, tamilnadu, india. there is urgency in recording such data to conserve the traditional medicinal plants. this is the first ethnobotanical study which records the traditional important medicinal plants of thoppampatti village. to collect, analyze and evaluate the ethnopharmacologic knowledge in thoppampatti village in order to prote ...201424583241
ferti-irrigational effect of paper mill effluent on agronomical characteristics of abelmoschus esculentus l. (okra).the ferti-irrigational effect of an agro-based paper mill effluent on abelmoschus esculentus (var. ihr-31) was investigated. different doses of paper mill effluent viz. 5, 10, 25, 50, 75 and 100% were used for fertigation ofa. esculentus along with bore well water (control). the study revealed that paper mill effluent had significant (p < 0.05) effect on ec, ph, oc, na+, k+, ca2+, mg2+, fe2+, tkn, po4(3-), so4(2-), cd, cr, cu, mn and zn of the soil in both seasons. insignificant (p > 0.05) chang ...201324511684
optimization of microwave-assisted hot air drying conditions of okra using response surface methodology.okra (abelmoschus esculentus) was dried to a moisture level of 0.1 g water/g dry matter using a microwave-assisted hot air dryer. response surface methodology was used to optimize the drying conditions based on specific energy consumption and quality of dried okra. the drying experiments were performed using a central composite rotatable design for three variables: air temperature (40-70 °c), air velocity (1-2 m/s) and microwave power level (0.5-2.5 w/g). the quality of dried okra was determined ...201424493879
rapid assessment of insect fauna based on local knowledge: comparing ecological and ethnobiological methods.the rapid assessment of biodiversity making use of surveys of local knowledge has been successful for different biological taxa. however, there are no reports on the testing of such tools for sampling insect fauna. the present study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of different ethnobiological techniques for rapid sampling of insect fauna.201626932264
arsenic uptake and accumulation in okra (abelmoschus esculentus) as affected by different arsenical speciation.experimental investigations were conducted to evaluate the toxic effects of different arsenic (as) species such as arsenite (as(iii)), arsenate (as(v)) and dimethylarsinic acid (dma) on the growth of okra (abelmoschus esculentus). the present study describes the changes in the growth, yield and accumulation characteristics of okra plants spiked with 20 and 50 mg kg(-1) of as(iii), as(v) and dma. as species negatively affected the yield and growth of the plant.the availability of arsenic compound ...201626679322
antioxidant and anti-fatigue constituents of okra.okra (abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench), a healthy vegetable, is widely spread in tropical and subtropical areas. previous studies have proven that okra pods possess anti-fatigue activity, and the aim of this research is to clarify the anti-fatigue constituents. to achieve this, we divided okra pods (opd) into seeds (osd) and skins (osk), and compared the contents of total polysaccharides, total polyphenols, total flavonoids, isoquercitrin, and quercetin-3-o-gentiobiose and the antioxidant act ...201526516905
heavy metal load of soil, water and vegetables in peri-urban delhi.peri-urban lands are often used for production of vegetables for better market accessibility and higher prices. but most of these lands are contaminated with heavy metals through industrial effluents, sewage and sludge, and vehicular emission. vegetables grown in such lands, therefore, are likely to be contaminated with heavy metals and unsafe for consumption. samples of vegetables i.e., spinach (spinacia oleracea l.) and okra (abelmoschus esculentus l.); soil and irrigation water were collected ...200616897527
glycosylated compounds from okra inhibit adhesion of helicobacter pylori to human gastric asian medicine the fruit of the okra plant, abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench., is used as a mucilaginous food additive against gastric irritative and inflammative diseases. to find a rational basis for its use against these diseases, several crude and purified carbohydrate-containing fractions from immature okra fruits were isolated and analyzed, and their effects against helicobacter pylori in an in situ adhesion model on sections of human gastric mucosa were determined. pretreatment of th ...200415030201
hepatoprotective role of abelmoschus esculentus (linn.) moench., on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury.chronic liver disease has become a global health problem. the research for prominent herbal agents for the management of liver diseases is widely increased.201323581558
first report of an alphasatellite associated with okra enation leaf curl alphasatellite dna associated with okra enation leaf curl virus (oelcuv) which causes enation and leaf curling in okra (abelmoschus esculentus) plants was characterized. the full-length dna comprises 1,350 nucleotides and shows typical genome organization of an alphasatellite. it shows the highest nucleotide sequence identity (79.7 %) to hollyhock yellow vein virus-associated symptomless alphasatellite (hoyvsla). this is the first report of the association of an alphasatellite with oelcuv fro ...201323475199
rapid modulation of ultraviolet shielding in plants is influenced by solar ultraviolet radiation and linked to alterations in flavonoids.the accumulation of ultraviolet (uv)-absorbing compounds (flavonoids and related phenylpropanoids) and the resultant decrease in epidermal uv transmittance (tuv ) are primary protective mechanisms employed by plants against potentially damaging solar uv radiation and are critical components of the overall acclimation response of plants to changing solar uv environments. whether plants can adjust this uv sunscreen protection in response to rapid changes in uv, as occurs on a diurnal basis, is lar ...201626177782
the effects of okra (abelmoschus esculentus linn.) on the cellular events associated with alzheimer's disease in a stably expressed hfe neuroblastoma sh-sy5y cell has been reported that persons carrying the h63d variant in their hemochromatosis (hfe) gene are at increased risk of alzheimer's disease (ad). we investigated the possibility that okra (abelmoschus esculentus) and quercetin could mitigate this risk factor by examining its effect on ad-associated cellular events in hfe stably expressing sh-sy5y cells. treatment of h63d hfe cells either with okra or quercetin significantly decreased reactive oxygen species (ros), hydrogen peroxide (h2o2), and ...201526170247
investigation of in vivo antioxidant property of abelmoschus esculentus (l) moench. fruit seed and peel powders in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench. fruit is a commonly consumed vegetable in many countries due to its rich medicinal value. however, till date, in vivo antioxidant property of a. esculentus has not been scientifically documented in animal models.201223326089
the okra (abelmoschus esculentus) transcriptome as a source for gene sequence information and molecular markers for diversity analysis.a combined leaf and pod transcriptome of okra (abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench) has been produced by rna sequencing and short read assembly. more than 150,000 unigenes were obtained, comprising some 46 million base pairs of sequence information. more than 55% of the unigenes were annotated through sequence comparison with databases. the okra transcriptome sequences were mined for simple sequence repeat (ssr) markers. from 935 non-redundant ssr motifs identified in the unigene set, 199 were ch ...201323299025
vermicomposting eliminates the toxicity of lantana (lantana camara) and turns it into a plant friendly organic evidently the first study of its kind, vermicompost derived solely from a weed known to possess plant and animal toxicity was used to assess its impact on the germination and early growth of several plant species. no pre-composting or supplementation of animal manure was done to generate the vermicompost in order to ensure that the impact is clearly attributable to the weed. whereas the weed used in this study, lantana (lantana camara), is known to possess strong negative allelopathy, besides ...201526073377
polysaccharide-free nucleic acids and proteins of abelmoschus esculentus for versatile molecular studies.abelmoschus esculentus (okra) is one of the polysaccharide rich crop plants. the polysaccharides interfere with nucleic acids and protein isolation thereby affecting the downstream molecular analysis. so, to understand the molecular systematics of okra, high quality dna, rna and proteins are essential. in this study we present a method for extracting genomic dna, rna and proteins from polysaccharide rich okra tissues. the conventional extraction procedures were integrated with purification treat ...201223113348
influence of wastewater application and fertilizer use on growth, photosynthesis, nutrient homeostatis, yield and heavy metal accumulation in okra (abelmoschus esculentus l. moench).the scarceness of freshwater assets is a serious problem in semi-arid zones and marginal quality water is increasingly being used in agriculture. this study aimed at evaluating the physico-chemical and biological risks on irrigated soils of treated wastewater, the nutrient supply and the effect on okra plant. a pot experiment based on completely randomized block design was conducted with treated wastewater (tw) and inorganic fertilizers to observe a comparative effect on biochemical characters u ...201426030995
purification and biological activities of abelmoschus esculentus seed lectin.the abelmoschus esculentus (malvaceae) plant originated in africa and has spread across a number of tropic countries, including northeastern brazil. the plant has been used to treat various disorders, such as cancer, microbial infections, hypoglycemia, constipation, urine retention and inflammation. the lectin of a. esculentus (ael) was isolated by precipitation with ammonium sulfate at a saturation level of 30/60 and purified by ion exchange chromatography (sephacel-deae). the electrophoresis ( ...201222965555
enhancement in the germination, growth and yield of okra (abelmoschus esculentus) using pre-sowing magnetic treatment of seeds.the effect of pre-sowing magnetic treatments was investigated on germination, growth and yield of okra (abelmoschus esculentus cv. sapz pari). the dry okra seeds were exposed to sinusoidal magnetic field induced by an electromagnet. the average magnetic field exposure was 99 mt for 3 and 11 min and seeds with no magnetic field treatment were considered as control. both treated and non-treated seeds were sown in experimental plots (120 m2) under similar conditions. samples were collected at regul ...201222803337
effect of spent mushroom compost of pleurotus pulmonarius on growth performance of four nigerian vegetables.spent mushroom compost (smc) of pleurotus pulmonarius (an edible fungus) was used as soil conditioner for the improvement of growth of four common nigerian vegetables (abelmoschus esculentus, lycopersicum esculentum, capsicum annum and capsicum chinense). the results of these investigations showed that the vegetables responded well to the smc treatment. each of them attained its best growth and gave the highest number of flowers and fruits when planted on 6 kg of depleted garden soil supplemente ...201122783098
comprehensive screening and selection of okra (abelmoschus esculentus) germplasm for salinity tolerance at the seedling stage and during plant ontogeny.the okra germplasm was screened for salinity tolerance at the seedling stage and during plant ontogeny. substantial variation existed in okra for salinity tolerance at the seedling stage. an 80 mmol/l nacl concentration was suitable for discriminating tolerant and non-tolerant okra genotypes. the pooled ranking of the genotypes, based on individual rankings for each trait (root and shoot length, germination percentage, and relative na(+) and k(+)) in individual nacl concentrations, was effective ...201222761245
effect of drying temperature and slice size on quality of dried okra (abelmoschus esculentus (l.) moench).okra (abelmoschus esculentus (l) moench) is an important vegetable crop of india. dried okra pods have wide use in snacks and are in great demand for domestic as well as export market. hence, effect of four slice sizes (1, 2, 3 and 4 cm) and four drying temperatures (50, 60, 70 and 80 °c) on quality of hot air dried okra were studied. okra pods were dried in the form of slices cut across the length at different temperatures. quality assessment of okra was done on the basis of protein, ascorbic a ...201123729860
optimisation of extraction and sludge dewatering efficiencies of bio-flocculants extracted from abelmoschus esculentus (okra).the production of natural biopolymers as flocculants for water treatment is highly desirable due to their inherent low toxicity and low environmental footprint. in this study, bio-flocculants were extracted from hibiscus/abelmoschus esculentus (okra) by using a water extraction method, and the extract yield and its performance in sludge dewatering were evaluated. single factor experimental design was employed to obtain the optimum conditions for extraction temperature (25-90 °c), time (0.25-5 h) ...201525929197
impact of okra (abelmoschus esculentus) seed flour on nutrients, functional properties and zinc bioavailability of plantain nigeria, nursing mothers are advised to give their infants plantain flour paste 'amala ogede' with 'ewedu' corchorus olitorius soup during the process of weaning. over-matured okra is typically discarded resulting in substantial post-harvest waste; the seed could be processed into okra seed flour for the fortification of plantain flour. the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of the addition of okra seed flour on the nutrients, functional properties, minerals and zinc bioavailability ...201122655457
metal contamination and health risk from consumption of organically grown vegetables influenced by atmospheric deposition in a seasonally dry tropical region of india.pot-culture experiments showed that organically grown vicia faba, influenced by atmospheric deposition, accumulated (μg g(-1)) 0.088-3.246 cadmium, 0.19-42.48 chromium, 0.0124-30.43 copper, 0.075-4.28 lead and 0.63-67.68 zinc. similar trends appeared for abelmoschus esculentus. at high deposition sites, cadmium, lead and zinc exceeded the safe limits of prevention of food adulteration standards. health risk index for cadmium, copper and lead exceeded the safe limits of united states environmenta ...201222653308
spectroscopic and thermooxidative analysis of organic okra oil and seeds from abelmoschus esculentus.with changes in human consumption from animal fats to vegetable oils, the search for seed types, often from unconventional vegetable sources has grown. research on the chemical composition of both seed and oil for brazilian okra in south america is still incipient. in this study, flour and oil from organic okra seeds (abelmoschus esculentus l moench), grown in northeastern brazil were analyzed. similar to okra varieties from the middle east and central america, brazilian okra has significant amo ...201222645459
physicochemical properties and biological activities of thai plant mucilages for artificial saliva preparation.plant mucilages can be found in various parts of several thai plants, which can be used as thickening, moisturizing, and lubricating agents in artificial saliva formulations.201525853963
residue, dissipation, and safety evaluation of pyridalyl nanoformulation in okra (abelmoschus esculentus [l] moench).a comparative study on residues and rate of dissipation of a new nanoformulation of pyridalyl and commercial pyridalyl was carried out on okra under net house and field conditions. okra crop was sprayed with commercial and nanoformulation of pyridalyl at recommended (75 g a. i./ha) and double the recommended dose (150 g a. i./ha) at the time of fruiting. quantitation of residues of pyridalyl in okra was done by ultra high performance liquid chromatography over a period of 15 days, and recovery o ...201525694033
irrigation with domestic wastewater: responses on growth and yield of ladyfinger abelmoschus esculentus and on soil nutrients.domestic wastewater is generated continuously and in large quantities. it can serve as an alternative water nutrient source for irrigation. in the present study abelmoschus esculentus l. (ladyfinger) was irrigated using untreated wastewater (t1), treated wastewater (t2) and rainwater (t3) in pot experiments. the effect was seen on nutrient fortication, growth and yield of the plant and the nutrient status of the soil. additionally the build up of cr, cu and zn from the irrigation water were anla ...201122319883
polyphenol content and modulatory activities of some tropical dietary plant extracts on the oxidant activities of neutrophils and myeloperoxidase.young leaves of manihot esculenta crantz (euphorbiaceae), abelmoschus esculentus (malvaceae), hibiscus acetosella (malvaceae) and pteridium aquilinum (dennstaedtiaceae) are currently consumed as green vegetables by peoples in sub-saharan africa, latin america, asia and their migrants living in western europe. sub-saharan peoples use manihot, abelmoschus and hibiscus also in the folk medicine to alleviate fever and pain, in the treatment of conjunctivitis, rheumatism, hemorrhoid, abscesses, ... t ...201222312276
antioxidant and antiradical activities of manihot esculenta crantz (euphorbiaceae) leaves and other selected tropical green vegetables investigated on lipoperoxidation and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (pma) activated monocytes.abelmoschus esculentus (malvaceae), hibiscus acetosella (malvaceae), manihot esculenta crantz (euphorbiaceae) and pteridium aquilinum (dennstaedtiaceae) leaves are currently consumed as vegetables by migrants from sub-saharan africa living in western europe and by the people in the origin countries, where these plants are also used in the folk medicine. manihot leaves are also eaten in latin america and some asian countries. this work investigated the capacity of aqueous extracts prepared from t ...201122254126
[chemical constituents from petroleum ether portion of abelmoschus esculentus ii].to study the chemical constituents of abelmoschus esculentus.201121761729
extraction and physicochemical characterization of a new polysaccharide obtained from the fresh fruits of abelmoschus esculentus.this paper is the first multi-scale characterization of the fluidize-dried gum extracted from the fresh fruits of the plant abelmoschus esculentus. it describes the physical, thermal, sorptional and functional properties of this natural gum. elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy (sem), particle size analysis, x-ray powder diffraction (xprd), thermo-gravimetric analysis (tga), differential scanning calorimetry (dsc), fourier transmittance infra red (ft-ir), and nuclear magnetic resonan ...201124250349
[studies on the chemical constituents from petroleum ether portion of abelmoschus esculentus].to study the chemical constituents of abelmoschus esculentus.201021213539
landscape changes in a lowland in benin: ecological impact on pests and natural enemies.habitat management involving conservative biological control could be a good crop pest management option in poor african countries. a survey was conducted from august 2013 to july 2014 in a rainfed lowland region near pélébina, northern benin, in order to characterize spatiotemporal landscape changes and investigate their influence on the main crop pests and their associated natural enemies. the area was mapped mainly regarding crop fields and fallows. visual observations were recorded and a dat ...201527145573
oral sustained release tablets of zidovudine using binary blends of natural and synthetic polymers.oral sustained release matrix tablets of zidovudine (zdv) were prepared using different types, proportions and blends of carbopol 71g (c71) and a plant gum obtained from abelmoschus esculentus (aeg). the effect of various formulation factors like polymer proportion, polymer type and ph of the dissolution medium on the in vitro release of the drug was studied, using the half change technique, in 900 ml of dissolution medium, at 100 rpm. release kinetics were analyzed using zero-order, higuchi's s ...201020823575
preparation and evaluation of multi particulates drug delivery system using natural polymers.simvastatin potassium is a hypolipidemic drug used with exercise, diet, and weight-loss to control elevated cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia. it is a member of the statin class of pharmaceuticals. okra mucilage is used to reduce the cholesterol level since microspheres has formulated by using okra mucilage to developed a synergistic effect. calcium chloride act as a cross linking agent, when react with sodium alginate form a calcium alginate, since develope a gel like microbeads (microsphere ...201525488418
chemical composition and the antioxidative properties of nigerian okra seed (abelmoschus esculentus moench) flour.studies on the chemical composition and the antioxidative properties of nigerian okra seed (abelmoschus esculentus moench) flour were carried out. this is done to establish the nutritional composition and the antioxidative potentials of the seeds, both of which are highly implicated in health. okra seeds were roasted at 160 degreec for 10-60 mins. the roasted seeds were subjected to proximate, yield and antioxidative activity determination. pre-treatment by roasting was found to increase the yie ...200919425185
phytochemical analysis, antioxidant, antistress, and nootropic activities of aqueous and methanolic seed extracts of ladies finger (abelmoschus esculentus l.) in mice.abelmoschus esculentus l. (ladies finger, okra) is a well-known tropical vegetable, widely planted from africa to asia and from south europe to america. in the present study, we investigated the in vitro antioxidant capacity and in vivo protective effect of the aqueous and methanolic seed extracts of abelmoschus esculentus against scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment using passive avoidance task and acute restraining stress-induced behavioural and biochemical changes using elevated plus maze ...201425401145
pectin from abelmoschus esculentus: optimization of extraction and rheological properties.response surface methodology (rsm) was applied to optimize the parameters of pectin extraction from okra pods. the extracted okra pectin was then investigated by steady-shear and oscillatory rheological measurements. statistical analysis showed that the linear term of the liquid-solid ratio, the quadratic term of the ph, and the linear term of the extraction time showed highly significant effects on pectin yield. the optimal extraction conditions that maximized the pectin yield within the experi ...201425058753
antioxidant activity in extracts of 27 indigenous taiwanese vegetables.the objectives of this study were to identify the antioxidants and antioxidant axtivity in 27 of taiwan's indigenous vegetables. lycium chinense (lc), lactuca indica (li), and perilla ocymoides (po) contained abundant quercetin (que), while artemisia lactiflora (al) and gynura bicolor (gb) were rich in morin and kaempferol, respectively. additionally, nymphoides cristata (nc) and sechium edule (se)-yellow had significantly higher levels of myricetin (myr) than other tested samples. cyanidin (cya ...201424858497
responses of growth of lady's fingers (abelmoschus esculentus l.) to different treatments methods of dairy wastewater.water is one of the most important precious resources found on the earth, and are most often affected by anthropogenic activities and by industry. pollution caused by human beings and industries is a serious concern throughout the world. population growth, massive urbanization, rapid rate of industrialization and modern techniques in agriculture have accelerated water pollution and led to the gradual deterioration of its quality. a large quantity of waste water disposed of at sea or on land has ...201424847548
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