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on the tryptic peptides from hemoglobin chains of six carnivores.the amino acid compositions of the tryptic peptides of the following carnivore hemoglobin chains have been determined: gray fox (urocyon cineroargenteus); raccoon (procyon lotor); polar bear (thalarctos maritimus); coati mundi (nasua nasua) beta chain; coati mundi (nasua narica) two beta chains; cat (felis catus) alpha chain; and lion (pantbera leo) beta chain. these provide a basis for future sequencing of these hemoglobins and construction of an evolutionary tree. the specific results are summ ...1977864727
[experimental infection of the coati, nasua narica (mammalia, procyonidae), by schistosoma mansoni]. 19705527080
rabies in skunks from mexico.an enzootic focus of rabies in skunks in mexico is described. fifty three wild animals including two badgers (taxidea taxus), 32 bats (various species), one bobcat (lynx rufus), two coatis (nasua narica) three foxes (urocyon cineroargenteus), one raccoon (procyon lotor) and 12 skunks (see below) were tested for rabies by direct immunofluorescence assay from 1991 to 1997 in the central part of san luis potosi state, mexico. rabies occurrence was 21% of all tested mammals, with 19% in skunks and o ...199910479094
pulmonary vascular response of the coati to chronic hypoxia.the unusually muscular pulmonary arteries normally present in cattle and swine residing at low altitude are associated with a rapid development of severe pulmonary hypertension when those animals are moved to high altitude. because these species lack collateral ventilation, they appear to have an increased dependence on hypoxic vasoconstriction to maintain normal ventilation-perfusion balance, which, in turn, maintains thickened arterial walls. the only other species known to lack collateral ven ...200010710394
porrorchis nickoli n. sp. (acanthocephala:: plagiorhynchidae) from mammals in southeastern mexico, first known occurrence of porrorchis in the western hemisphere.porrorchis nickoli n. sp. is described from the intestine of the gray four-eyed opossum philander opossum (type host), the virginia opossum didelphis virginiana, the common opossum didelphis marsupialis, and the white-nosed coati nasua narica. hosts were collected in southeastern mexico in the los tuxtlas region of the state of veracruz (type locality) and in the states of tabasco and chiapas. this new species is distinguished from other porrorchis species by its small proboscis (0.286-0.428 mm ...200212058721
[experimental schistosomiasis. 4. nasua narica and didelphis paraguayensis, animals sensitive to experimental infection with schistosoma mansoni]. 195313223509
the effect of human development on mammal populations of the punta leona private wildlife refuge, costa rica.the effect of human development on six diurnal mammal species was studied using transects in the punta leona private wildlife refuge, puntarenas, costa rica during the dry season months of march and april 2006. individuals/km was recorded for each species in more developed (md) (near paved roads, buildings, construction, or deforested trees) and less developed areas (ld) (secondary forest). the white-faced capuchin monkey (cebus capucinus) (n = 233), coatimundi (nasua narica) (n = 46), and centr ...200919637721
new rabies virus variant found during an epizootic in white-nosed coatis from the yucatan peninsula.in february 2008, three white-nosed coatis (nasua narica) were found dead in a recreational park in cancun, mexico. the diagnosis of rabies virus (rabv) infection was confirmed by direct immunofluorescence test. the phylogenetic analysis performed with the complete rabv nucleoprotein gene positioned this isolate close to a sequence of a human rabies case reported during 2008 from oaxaca, mexico, sharing 93% similarity. in turn, these two variants are related to another variant found in rabid tad ...201020392303
ticks and rickettsiae from wildlife in belize, central america.the agents of spotted fevers in latin america are rickettsia rickettsii, r. parkeri, rickettsia sp. strain atlantic rainforest, and r. massiliae. in continental central america, r. rickettsii remains the only known pathogenic tick-borne rickettsia. in the present study, ticks were collected from wild mammals in natural areas of belize. besides providing new data of ticks from belize, we investigated rickettsial infection in some of these ticks. our results provide ticks harboring rickettsial age ...201626831147
the white-nosed coati (nasua narica) is a naturally susceptible definitive host for the zoonotic nematode angiostrongylus costaricensis in costa rica.angiostrongylus costaricensis (strongylida, angiostrongylidae) is a roundworm of rodents, which may cause a severe or fatal zoonosis in several countries of the americas. a single report indicated that the white-nosed coati (nasua narica), acts as a potential free-ranging wildlife reservoir. here we investigated the prevalence and features of a. costaricensis infection in two procyonid species, the white-nosed coati and the raccoon (procyon lotor) from costa rica to better understand their possi ...201627692339
endemic orthopoxvirus circulating in procyonids in mexico.limited serosurveillance studies suggested that orthopoxviruses (opxv) are widespread in the us (e.g., raccoonpox virus, skunkpox virus, volepox virus) and brazil (vaccinia virus); however, their animal reservoir(s) remain unconfirmed. mexican mammal diversity includes several species related to those in which evidence for opxv infections has been found (oryzomys, peromyscus, microtus, and procyonidae). the presence of these groups of mammals in mexico and the evidence of their possible involvem ...201627224209
possible differences in the effects of trypanosoma cruzi on blood cells and serum protein of two wildlife reservoirs.a key step in the dynamics of vector-borne diseases is the role of seasonality. trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan that causes chagas disease. some wild mammals are considered natural hosts, yet not all mammals show the same response to infection. we explored the effect of t. cruzi on blood parameters in two mammal carnivores, coati (nasua narica) and raccoon (procyon lotor), that were naturally infected in summer and winter seasons. the study was carried out in the zoological park "parque museo d ...201627656956
follow up of natural infection with trypanosoma cruzi in two mammals species, nasua narica and procyon lotor (carnivora: procyonidae): evidence of infection control?a large variety of mammals act as natural reservoirs of trypanosoma cruzi (the causal agent of chagas disease) across the american continent. related issues are infection and parasite burden in these reservoirs, and whether they are able to control t. cruzi infections. these parameters can indicate the real role of mammals as t. cruzi reservoirs and transmitters. here, two species of mammals, white-nosed coati (nasua narica) and raccoon (procyon lotor), were examined for to determine: a) t. cruz ...201425174672
white-nosed coatis (nasua narica) are a potential reservoir of trypanosoma cruzi and other potentially zoonotic pathogens in monteverde, costa rica.we studied white-nosed coatis (nasua narica) in monteverde, costa rica to evaluate their potential as a reservoir for the vector-borne zoonotic parasite trypanosoma cruzi and other selected microorganisms. we live-trapped 20 coatis in july and august 2011 and tested them for t. cruzi by blood smear, molecular analysis of blood, culture of blood and anal gland secretions, and serology. seven coatis (35%) were polymerase-chain-reaction-positive for t. cruzi and one coati was also culture positive. ...201324502732
ticks collected from humans, domestic animals, and wildlife in yucatan, mexico.domestic animals and wildlife play important roles as reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens that are transmitted to humans by ticks. besides their role as vectors of several classes of microorganisms of veterinary and public health relevance, ticks also burden human and animal populations through their obligate blood-feeding habit. it is estimated that in mexico there are around 100 tick species belonging to the ixodidae and argasidae families. information is lacking on tick species that affect human ...201626790745
coral snake mimicry: live snakes not avoided by a mammalian predator.the occurrence of coral snake coloration among unrelated venomous and non-venomous new world snake species has often been explained in terms of warning coloration and mimicry. the idea that snake predators would avoid coral snakes in nature seems widely established and is postulated in many discussions on coral snake mimicry. however, the few workers that have tested a potential aposematic function of the conspicuous colour pattern focused exclusively on behaviour of snake predators towards colo ...199628307444
parasitological studies in british honduras. i. a parasite resembling trypanosoma (schizotrypanum) cruzi in the coati, nasua narica (carnivora, procyonidae), and a note on trypanosoma legeri from the ant-eater, tamandua tetradactyla (edentata). 196514297354
canine distemper in neotropical procyonids: molecular evidence, humoral immune response and epidemiology.canine distemper virus (cdv) can produce a fatal multisystem disease in carnivores and other mammals and is an important threat for wildlife conservation. however, integrative and comparative studies in wild carnivores are scarce and some areas of the world lack of genetic studies. we explore the dynamic of host-cdv in a procyonid community during an outbreak. this study reports for the first time an index case occurred in a common raccoon (procyon lotor) and for which a complete cdv diagnosis w ...202032949657
cuicatec ethnozoology: traditional knowledge, use, and management of fauna by people of san lorenzo pápalo, oaxaca, mexico.the tehuacán-cuicatlán valley is a region of outstanding biocultural diversity, harboring eight indigenous ethnic groups and a remarkable biodiversity in a territory 10,000 km2 extent. ethnobotanical studies of the region are among the most complete in mexico; contrarily, ethnozoological studies are still limited. but information on both flora and fauna use and management is relevant for understanding local cultural and ecological issues, and for planning integral strategies of biodiversity cons ...201931775811
arthropods associated with mammals. their importance as part of the richness in a biosphere reserve in mexico.the chamela biological station (chbs) is located in the pacific coast of mexico in the state of jalisco. this represents one of the core areas of the chamela-cuixmala biosphere reserve, characterized by one of the most threatened ecosystems, the tropical dry forest. although accumulated knowledge of biological diversity, only few studies have been focused on ectoparasites or ectodytes associated with mammals, only 23 arthropod taxa had been recorded. in order to increase knowledge about arthropo ...202031880772
atypical fatal sarcocystosis associated with sarcocystis neurona in a white-nosed coati (nasua narica molaris).the protozoan parasite sarcocystis neurona is an important cause of disease in horses (equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, epm) and marine mammals. isolated reports of clinical epm-like disease have been documented in a zebra, raccoon, domestic cat, domestic dog, ferret, skunk, mink, lynx, red panda and fisher. the predominant disease is encephalomyelitis associated with schizonts in neural tissues. here, we report highly disseminated sarcocystosis, in many tissues of a captive white-nosed coati ...201729080770
dispersal, philopatry, and genetic relatedness in a social carnivore: comparing males and females.a balance must be maintained between the proportion of individuals dispersing and the proportion remaining philopatric such that inbreeding and resource competition are minimized. yet the relative importance of dispersal and philopatric behaviour is uncertain, especially for species with complex social systems. we examine the influence of dispersal on genetic relationships of a white-nosed coati (nasua narica: procyonidae) population from panama. field studies of the coati indicate a social syst ...19989532759
chemical characterisation of the oligosaccharides in a sample of milk of a white-nosed coati, nasua narica (procyonidae: carnivora).carbohydrates were extracted from a sample of coati milk and the component oligosaccharides were separated and partially purified by gel filtration and preparative thin layer chromatography. their structures were determined by 1h-nmr. fuc alpha 1-->2gal beta 1-->4glc gal alpha 1-->3gal beta 1-->4glc gal beta 1-->4glcnac beta 1-->3gal beta 1-->4glc fuc alpha 1-->2gal beta 1-->4glcnac beta 1-->3gal beta 1-->4glc gal alpha 1-->3gal beta 1-->4glcnac beta 1-->3gal beta 1-->4glc the two pentasaccharid ...199910425739
characterization of oligosaccharides in milk of a mink, mustela vison.carbohydrates were extracted from a sample of milk from a mink, mustela vison (family mustelidae). free neutral and acidic oligosaccharides were isolated from the carbohydrate fraction and their chemical structures were compared with those of white-nosed coati (nasua narica, procyonidae) and harbour seal (phoca vitulina, phocidae) that we had studied previously. the ratio of free lactose to milk oligosaccharides was similar to that in milk of the white-nosed coati; in both species, this ratio wa ...200516289988
[mammals' camera-trapping in sierra nanchititla, mexico: relative abundance and activity patterns].species conservation and their management depend on the availability of their population behavior and changes in time. this way, population studies include aspects such as species abundance and activity pattern, among others, with the advantage that nowadays new technologies can be applied, in addition to common methods. in this study, we used camera-traps to obtain the index of relative abundance and to establish activity pattern of medium and large mammals in sierra nanchititla, mexico. the st ...201121516657
use of anecdotal occurrence data in species distribution models: an example based on the white-nosed coati (nasua narica) in the american southwest.species distributions are usually inferred from occurrence records. however, these records are prone to errors in spatial precision and reliability. although influence of spatial errors has been fairly well studied, there is little information on impacts of poor reliability. reliability of an occurrence record can be influenced by characteristics of the species, conditions during the observation, and observer's knowledge. some studies have advocated use of anecdotal data, while others have advoc ...201326487405
adult male coatis play with a band of juveniles.this study examined the play behaviour in one group of coatis (nasua narica) at la selva biological station in costa rica. we incidentally found adult males playing with juvenile coatis, and conducted post-hoc analyses to investigate this interaction. coati groups consist of adult females and juveniles of both sexes until male juveniles reach two years of age and leave the band to become solitary. adult males only tolerate juveniles for a brief period during breeding season when the males court ...201323917562
coati bodies: cytoplasmic hyaline globules in the ganglionic neurons of aging captive coatis.intensely eosinophilic and glassy intracytoplasmic inclusions were present in the neurons of the peripheral autonomic ganglia, meissner's and auerbach's plexus, and spinal ganglia in 20 aged white-nosed coatis ( nasua narica, 7-19 years old) and in 4 of 7 brown-nosed coatis ( nasua nasua, 2-21 years old) from multiple zoological institutions. inclusions were single to numerous, sometimes distorting the cell. pheochromocytomas were present in 5 of 16 white-nosed and 2 of 6 brown-nosed coatis, alt ...201728578627
functional responses of cougars (puma concolor) in a multiple prey-species system.the study of predator-prey interactions is commonly analyzed using functional responses to gain an understanding of predation patterns and the impact they have on prey populations. despite this, little is known about predator-prey systems with multiple prey species in sites near the equator. here we studied the functional response of cougars (puma concolor) in sierra nanchititla natural reserve (mexico), in relation to their main prey, armadillo (dasypus novemcinctus), coati (nasua narica) and w ...201728261959
[diversity, relative abundance and activity patterns of medium and large mammals in a tropical deciduous forest in the isthmus of tehuantepec, oaxaca, mexico].the use of camera traps and mammal track search are complementary methods to monitoring species of which is not well documented their natural history, as in the case of medium and large mammals. to ensure its conservation and good management, it is necessary to generate information about the structure of the community and their populations. the objective of the present study was to estimate the diversity, relative abundance and activity patterns of medium and large mammals in a tropical deciduou ...201425720178
the role of fragmentation and landscape changes in the ecological release of common nest predators in the neotropics.loss of large mammalian carnivores may allow smaller mesopredators to become abundant and threaten other community members. there is considerable debate about mesopredator release and the role that other potential factors such as landscape variables and human alterations to land cover lead to increased mesopredator abundance. we used camera traps to detect four mesopredators (tayra, eira barbara; white-nosed coati, nasua narica; northern raccoon, procyon lotor; and common opossum, didelphis opos ...201425071989
analysis of the effect of soil saprophytic fungi on the eggs of baylisascaris procyonis.baylisascaris procyonis is a soil-transmitted helminth mainly found in raccoons (procyon lotor) which can also affect other domestic and sylvatic animals, as well as humans, when the eggs released in the feces of parasitized raccoons are accidentally ingested. three assays have been conducted to assess the effect of three saprophytic fungi, mucor circinelloides, paecilomyces lilacinus, and verticillium sp., on the eggs of b. procyonis. firstly, their ovicidal effect was in vitro ascertained by p ...201525828813
a census of mammal populations in punta leona private wildlife refuge, costa rica.population sizes of six mammal species were estimated using the king method during the late dry season (march) of 1996 in the punta leona private wildlife refuge, costa rica. the white-faced monkey (cebus capucinus), coati (nasua narica) and nine-banded armadillo (dasypus novemcinctus) with 148, 46, and 8 sighted individuals, respectively, demonstrated the largest populations in the refuge. the central american spider monkey (ateles geoffroyi), tamandua anteater (tamandua mexicana), and variegat ...200212947599
mange epizootic in white-nosed coatis in western mexico.from november of 1994 to june of 1996 an epizootic of mange, probably caused by the mite notoedres cati, occurred in white-nosed coatis (nasua narica) in the tropical dry forests of the chamela-cuixmala biosphere reserve in western mexico. a monitoring scheme to determine the extent and severity of the epizootic within coatis was implemented. trapping periods and transects were conducted for 2 yr. to control the spread of the disease, all captured infected coatis were either euthanized or treate ...200010682744
prevalence and epitope recognition of anti-trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in two procyonid species: implications for host resistance.more than 180 mammalian species have been found naturally infected with trypanosoma cruzi. many of them play an important role in the maintenance of this parasite. in particular, new studies have appeared which indicate that some species of procyonidae family may play a role as t. cruzi hosts, however, more data are needed to evaluate their long-term physiological response to parasite infection, especially for specific antibodies. in this study, antibodies to t. cruzi were detected and prevalenc ...202032545481
comparative leucocyte populations between two sympatric carnivores (nasua narica and procyon lotor).coatis (nasua narica) and raccoons (procyon lotor) potentially play an important role in zoonotic diseases because they may carry pathogens and can transmit them to humans. to date, our understanding of the immune function of these two carnivores is deficient. the aim of this study was to compare the number of leucocyte subtypes and the phagocytic capacity between the coati and the raccoon. blood samples were collected, and leucocyte subtypes were characterized and counted by flow cytometry and ...201931620288
anatomy of raccoon (procyon lotor) and coati (nasua narica and n. nasua) forearm and leg muscles: relations between fiber length, moment-arm length, and joint-angle excursion.muscle architecture, moment arms, and locomotor movements in the distal limb segments of the procyonids nasua (coati) and procyon (raccoon) are analyzed with reference to patterns of muscle fiber length. this study addresses the hypothesis that relative fiber lengths among muscles in a muscle group can be predicted on the basis of correlates of muscle tension. the results include the following: consistent patterns of fiber length of muscles in a muscle group exist within and between the two gene ...20143973925
pneumocystis and histoplasma infections in wild animals from the amazon region of brazil.routine examination of tissues from wild forest rodents from amapá, north brazil, revealed pneumocystis carinii in lung smears from a newly captured oryzomys capito (cricetidae). acute, fatal infections with this parasite are also recorded in a number of captive "coatimundis", nasua narica (carnivora: procyonidae) and a sloth, bradypus tridactylus (edentata). pneumocystis was also encountered in lung smears from a newly captured and apparently healthy sloth, choloepus didactylus. the presence of ...19751084602
phylogeographic and diversification patterns of the white-nosed coati (nasua narica): evidence for south-to-north colonization of north america.white-nosed coatis (nasua narica) are widely distributed throughout north, central, and south america, but the patterns of temporal and spatial diversification that have contributed to this distribution are unknown. in addition, the biogeographic history of procyonid species in the americas remains contentious. using sequences from three mitochondrial loci (cytochrome b, nahd5 and 16s rrna; 2201 bp) and genotypes from 11 microsatellite loci, we analyzed genetic diversity to determine phylogeogra ...201930468940
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