vector-borne infections in cats: molecular study in barcelona area (spain).previous serological surveys have reported the presence of different organisms in cats from spain but little reports exist about the exact identity of these organisms. the purpose of the study reported here was to assess the presence of dna of several vector-borne infections in a population of cats from barcelona area. one hundred blood samples obtained from cats admitted to the uab-vth were entered into the study and classified as healthy (n=48) or unhealthy (n=52). edta-blood samples were assa ...200818079064
detection of a hepatozoon and spotted fever group rickettsia species in the common marsupial tick (ixodes tasmani) collected from wild tasmanian devils (sarcophilus harrisii), tasmania.tasmanian devils are the largest extant marsupial carnivores, confined to the australian island state of tasmania. the iconic marsupial has dramatically declined in number since the discovery of devil facial tumor disease in 1996 and efforts are being made to uncover vital information to assist in the long-term survival of the species. ticks are the main vectors of arthropod-borne disease in animals, raising the question of whether tasmanian devils may be host to arthropods capable of harboring ...200919303711
the first report of hepatozoon species infection in leopard cats (prionailurus bengalensis) in korea.hepatozoon species infections were detected in 4 of 5 heart samples from leopard cats (prionailurus bengalensis) in korea examined by light microscopy and pcr. microscopically, the schizonts of the hepatozoon species were observed within the parasitophorous vacuoles of unidentified host cells that were located between myocytes. the schizonts were approximately 31 +/- 4 x 19 +/- 3 microm in size; 3 mature schizonts contained approximately 24, 25, and 35 merozoites. in analyses of the partial 18s ...201019891517
a case of iriomote cat (prionailurus bengalensis iriomotensis) with hepatozoon felis parasitemia.we herein present clinical findings of an iriomote cat with hepatozoon felis parasitemia. a male iriomote cat was captured for ecological analyses three times from january 2010 to january 2011. although this cat did not show any hematological abnormalities at the time of the first capture, h. felis parasitemia and increased serum creatine kinase levels were detected at the second and third captures. h. felis infection was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction, and amplified 18s ribosomal rna ge ...201121685717
Infection with a Hepatozoon sp. closely related to Hepatozoon felis in a wild Pampas gray fox (Lycalopex -Pseudalopex -gymnocercus) co-infected with canine distemper virus.A species of Hepatozoon closely related to Hepatozoon felis found in the skeletal and cardiac muscle of a wild Pampas gray fox (Lycalopex gymnocercus) is described. The fox was euthanized after showing severe incoordination. On necropsy and histopathology there was bilateral, diffuse, severe, sub-acute, necrotizing bronchointerstitial pneumonia, with intracytoplasmic and intranuclear eosinophilic inclusion bodies. Canine distemper virus was detected by immunohistochemistry in the bronchiolar epi ...201122112977
molecular characterization of hepatozoon spp. infection in endangered indian wild felids and canids.hepatozoon species are parasites that infect a wide variety of domestic and wild animals. the objective of this study was to perform the molecular detection and characterization of hepatozoon spp. in asiatic lion, indian tiger, indian leopard, indian wild dog, indian domestic dog and cat based on partial 18s rrna gene sequences from hepatozoon spp. in the naturally infected animals. hepatozoon spp. could be detected in blood samples of 5 out of 9 asiatic lions, 2 out of 5 indian tigers, 2 out of ...201122154254
feline vector-borne pathogens in the north and centre of recent years, several clinical cases and epidemiological studies of feline vector-borne diseases (fvbd) have been reported worldwide. nonetheless, information on fvbd agents and their prevalence in portugal is scarce.201323587366
bacterial and protozoal agents of feline vector-borne diseases in domestic and stray cats from southern portugal.feline vector-borne diseases (fvbd) have emerged in recent years, showing a wider geographic distribution and increased global prevalence. in addition to their veterinary importance, domestic cats play a central role in the transmission cycles of some fvbd agents by acting as reservoirs and sentinels, a circumstance that requires a one health approach. the aim of the present work was to molecularly detect feline vector-borne bacteria and protozoa with veterinary and zoonotic importance, and to a ...201424655431
redescription of hepatozoon felis (apicomplexa: hepatozoidae) based on phylogenetic analysis, tissue and blood form morphology, and possible transplacental transmission.a hepatozoon parasite was initially reported from a cat in india in 1908 and named leucocytozoon felis domestici. although domestic feline hepatozoonosis has since been recorded from europe, africa, asia and america, its description, classification and pathogenesis have remained vague and the distinction between different species of hepatozoon infecting domestic and wild carnivores has been unclear. the aim of this study was to carry out a survey on domestic feline hepatozoonosis and characteriz ...201323587213
detection of vector-borne pathogens in cats and their ectoparasites in southern italy.vector-borne pathogens are the subject of several investigations due to the zoonotic concern of some of them. however, limited data are available about the simultaneous presence of these pathogens in cats and their ectoparasites. the aim of the present study was to define the species of ectoparasites found on cats as well as to investigate vector-borne pathogens in cats and their ectoparasites in southern italy.201627160725
ticks and associated pathogens collected from cats in sicily and calabria (italy).limited information is available about the species of ticks infesting the cat and the pathogens that they harbor. the aims of the present study were to identify the species of ticks removed from cats living in sicily and calabria (italy) and to detect dna of vector-borne pathogens in the same ticks.201526445916
molecular survey of arthropod-borne pathogens in ticks obtained from japanese wildcats.the iriomote cat (ic), prionailurus bengalensis iriomotensis, and the tsushima leopard cat (tlc), prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus, are endangered subspecies of leopard cats in japan. in addition to habitat destruction and road kills, infectious diseases may threaten their populations, and infection with arthropod-borne pathogens has been reported in both subspecies. infestations with ectoparasites, especially ticks, have frequently been observed in ics and tlcs. in the present study, ticks c ...201525682495
a survey of ixodid tick species and molecular identification of tick-borne pathogens.this study was undertaken in two different climatic areas of turkey to determine the presence of tick-borne pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. the ticks were removed from humans, pooled according to species and developmental stages, and analyzed by pcr, reverse line blot (rlb) and sequencing. of the 2333 removed ticks from 10 species, 1238 (53.06%) were obtained from the arid cold zone, and the remaining 1095 (46.93%) were obtained from the humid zone. the removed ticks were identif ...201424424312
molecular detection of bacterial and parasitic pathogens in hard ticks from portugal.ticks are important vector arthropods of human and animal pathogens. as information about agents of disease circulating in vectors in portugal is limited, the aim of the present study was to detect bacteria and parasites with veterinary and zoonotic importance in ticks collected from dogs, cats, and field vegetation. a total of 925 ticks, comprising 888 (96.0%) adults, 8 (0.9%) nymphs, and 29 (3.1%) larvae, were collected in 4 geographic areas (districts) of portugal. among those, 620 (67.0%) we ...201424745731
prevalence study and risk factor analysis of selected bacterial, protozoal and viral, including vector-borne, pathogens in cats from cyprus.feline infectious agent studies are lacking in cyprus. the aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and risk factors for various feline infectious agents, including feline vector-borne pathogens (fvbp), in cats from cyprus.201728285597
molecular detection of hepatozoon spp. and cytauxzoon sp. in domestic and stray cats from madrid, spain.different species of apicomplexan protozoans of the genera hepatozoon and cytauxzoon can infect domestic cats, but their epidemiology and clinical relevance are not fully understood. the aim of this study was to assess the molecular prevalence of hepatozoon spp. and cytauxzoon spp. and to identify associated risk factors and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in a population of cats from madrid, spain.201728285590
hepatozoon and theileria species detected in ticks collected from mammals and snakes in thailand.we report the detection of hepatozoon and theileria in 103 ticks from mammals and snakes in thailand. by using a genus-specific 18s rrna pcr, hepatozoon and theileria spp. were detected in 8% and 18%, respectively, of ticks (n=79) removed from mammals. of the ticks removed from snakes (n=24), 96% were infected with hepatozoon spp., but none were infected with theileria. phylogenetic analysis revealed that hepatozoon spp. detected from dermacentor astrosignatus and dermacentor auratus ticks from ...201525736475
feline and canine leishmaniosis and other vector-borne diseases in the aeolian islands: pathogen and vector circulation in a confined environment.vector-borne diseases (vbds) are prevalently investigated in dogs. studies on feline vbds are scant, though feline leishmaniosis (fel) is increasingly recognised as a disease of cats in endemic areas. comprehensive investigations on the distribution of vbds in populations of cats and dogs living in relatively small geographical areas, such as islands, are currently lacking. in this study the prevalence of leishmania infantum and other vbd pathogens was assessed in cohorts of cats and dogs living ...201728288759
screening for <i>hepatozoon</i> parasites in gerbils and potential predators in south africa.samples of gerbils and their potential predators were screened for the presence of hepatozoon parasites (apicomplexa: adeleorina) using both microscopic examination and sequencing of partial 18s rrna sequences. positive samples were compared to published sequences in a phylogenetic framework. the results indicate that genets can be infected with hepatozoon felis. a cape fox was infected with hepatozoon canis, whereas the sequence from an infected rodent fell within a group of parasites primarily ...201728235289
hepatozoon spp. infects free-ranging jaguars (panthera onca) in brazil.this study investigated the presence of hepatozoon spp. in jaguars (panthera onca) and domestic animals in the cerrado, amazon and pantanal biomes of brazil. between february 2000 and january 2010, blood samples were collected from 30 jaguars, 129 domestic dogs (canis lupus familiaris) and 22 domestic cats (felis catus) for molecular tests. all of the jaguars from the pantanal (n=22) and cerrado (n=4) and 3 of 4 jaguars from the amazon were positive for hepatozoon spp. domestic dogs (62.8%) and ...201728207298
detection and molecular identification of hepatozoon canis and babesia vogeli from domestic dogs in palestine.dogs serve as hosts for a great number of parasites, which may affect their health and wellbeing. this study aimed to observe tick borne pathogens in dogs from palestine including hepatozoon canis and babesia species. the prevalence of both h. canis and babesia species infections in apparently healthy dogs, from ten districts of the west bank was surveyed. dna was extracted from blood samples obtained from dogs (n = 362) and ticks (n = 213) collected from dogs (n = 77). a primer set that amplifi ...201727938422
survey of infectious agents in the endangered darwin's fox (lycalopex fulvipes): high prevalence and diversity of hemotrophic mycoplasmas.very little is known about the diseases affecting the darwin's fox (lycalopex fulvipes), which is considered to be one of the most endangered carnivores worldwide. blood samples of 30 foxes captured on chiloé island (chile) were tested with a battery of pcr assays targeting the following pathogens: ehrlichia/anaplasma sp., rickettsia sp., bartonella sp., coxiella burnetti, borrelia sp., mycoplasma sp., babesia sp., hepatozoon canis, hepatozoon felis, leishmania donovani complex, and filariae. an ...201324176254
molecular investigations of hepatozoon species in dogs and developmental stages of rhipicephalus sanguineus.the occurrence and distribution of hepatozoon species in stray dogs, and the developmental stages of rhipicephalus sanguineus detached from the same dogs in diyarbakır province, turkey is reported. a total of 328 ticks, including 133 adults (55 males and 75 females consist of 63 partially engorged and 15 fully engorged) and 195 nymphs (91 partially engorged and 104 fully engorged) were detached from the dogs. fully engorged nymphs and females were incubated at 27 °c and relative humidity of 85 % ...201323535887
acute phase proteins response in cats naturally infected with hepatozoon felis and babesia vogeli.the measurement of acute phase proteins (app) is being increasingly used in human and veterinary medicine in diagnosis, prognosis, treatment monitoring, and in general health screening. however, information about the app response in cats infected with agents of vector-borne diseases is lacking.201728160310
hepatozoon silvestris sp. nov.: morphological and molecular characterization of a new species of hepatozoon (adeleorina: hepatozoidae) from the european wild cat (felis silvestris silvestris).based on morphological and genetic characteristics, we describe a new species of hepatozoon in the european wild cat (felis silvestris silvestris), herein named hepatozoon silvestris sp. nov. the study also provides the first data on the occurrence of h. felis in this wild felid. hepatozoon meronts were observed in multiple cross-sections of different organs of four (44%) cats. additionally, extracellular forms, resembling mature gamonts of hepatozoon, were found in the spleen and myocardium of ...201727938443
molecular detection of tick-borne protozoan parasites in a population of domestic cats in midwestern brazil.some tick-borne pathogens that infect domestic cats have been considered emergent in veterinary medicine. occurrences of hepatozoon spp., babesia spp. and cytauxzoon spp. have been described in several regions of brazil. this paper offers a comprehensive analysis of the 18s rrna gene of a hepatozoon sp. strain detected in domestic cats in the metropolitan area of cuiabá, in midwestern brazil. based on a molecular analysis, we detected the presence of hepatozoon species circulating among cats in ...201627260253
detection of hepatozoon felis in ticks collected from free-ranging amur tigers ( panthera tigris altaica), russian far east, 2002-12.we collected 69 ticks from nine, free-ranging amur tigers ( panthera tigris altaica) between 2002 and 2011 and investigated them for tick-borne pathogens. dna was extracted using alkaline digestion and pcr was performed to detect apicomplexan organisms. partial 18s rdna amplification products were obtained from 14 ticks from four tigers, of which 13 yielded unambiguous nucleotide sequence data. comparative sequence analysis revealed all 13 partial 18s rdna sequences were most similar to those be ...201627243154
hepatozoonosis in cats: abcd guidelines on prevention and management.hepatozoonosis of domestic cats has been reported in several countries, mainly as a subclinical infection.201526101318
epidemiological survey of tick-borne protozoal infection in iriomote cats and tsushima leopard cats in japan.this epidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of hepatozoon, babesia and theileria infection in the iriomote cat (ic) and the tsushima leopard cat (tlc). blood samples from 43 ics and 14 tlcs were collected between november 2002 and january 2012. polymerase chain reaction and dna sequencing analyses detected a hepatozoon felis infection prevalence of 72.0% (31/43 cats) and 100% (14/14 cats) in ics and tlcs, respectively. the degree of hepatozoon parasitemia observed on bl ...201323449464
novel piroplasmid and hepatozoon organisms infecting the wildlife of two regions of the brazilian amazon.during 2009-2012, wild animals were sampled in two areas within the amazon biome of brazil, in the states of mato grosso and pará. animal tissues and blood were molecularly tested for the presence of piroplasmida (genera babesia, theileria, cytauxzoon) or hepatozoon dna. overall, 181 wild animals comprising 36 different species (2 reptiles, 5 birds, and 29 mammals) were sampled. the following piroplasmida agents were detected: cytauxzoon felis in one ocelot (leopardus pardalis), theileria cervi ...201728603688
the presence of tick-borne diseases in domestic dogs and cats living on iriomote-jima and tsushima islands.the iriomote cat and tsushima leopard cat are endangered wildcats in japan and inhabit only iriomote-jima and tsushima islands, respectively. domestic dogs and cats living on iriomote-jima and tsushima islands were surveyed to clarify the interrelationship between wildcats and domestic animals regarding tick-borne disease transmission. pathogen-derived dna in blood samples was detected by polymerase chain reaction. babesia gibsoni was detected in dogs of iriomote-jima, and hepatozoon felis and h ...201728484147
three different hepatozoon species in domestic cats from southern italy.three species of hepatozoon, namely, hepatozoon felis, hepatozoon canis and hepatozoon silvestris may affect domestic and/or wild felids. although hepatozoonosis has been documented in a wide range of mammal species, data on cats are limited. to investigate the occurrence of these pathogens in cats, blood samples were collected from animals living in three provinces of southern italy (bari, lecce, and matera), and molecularly analysed by pcr amplification and sequencing of segments of the 18s rr ...201728576619
molecular characterization of hepatozoon felis in rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks infested on captive lions (panthera leo).hepatozoon spp. are protozoan parasites that infect a wide range of domestic and wild animals. the infection occurs by ingestion of an infected tick. this study was carried out to detect and characterize hepatozoon spp. in ticks collected from captive lions (panthera leo) in thailand based on the partial 18s rrna gene sequence. a total of 30 ticks were collected and identified as rhipicephalus sanguineus. the collected ticks were separated into 10 tick pools by sex and life stages. of the 10 tic ...201728848300
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