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sporosarcina aquimarina sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from seawater in korea, and transfer of bacillus globisporus (larkin and stokes 1967), bacillus psychrophilus (nakamura 1984) and bacillus pasteurii (chester 1898) to the genus sporosarcina as sporosarcina globispora comb. nov., sporosarcina psychrophila comb. nov. and sporosarcina pasteurii comb. nov., and emended description of th.a light-orange-coloured, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium (strain sw28t), which was isolated from seawater in korea, was taxonomically studied by a polyphasic approach. this organism formed round terminal endospores in swollen sporangia. the peptidoglycan type is a4alpha, based on l-lys-l-ala-d-asp. the predominant menaquinone is mk-7 and the major fatty acid is ante-c15:0. the g+c content of the dna is 40 mol%. phylogenetic analysis based on 16s rdna sequences showed that strain sw ...200111411676
kangiella koreensis gen. nov., sp. nov. and kangiella aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat of the yellow sea in korea.two gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped organisms, strains sw-125t and sw-154t, were isolated from tidal flat sediment of the yellow sea in korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. strains sw-125t and sw-154t grew optimally at 30-37 degrees c and in the presence of 2-3 % (w/v) nacl. they contained ubiquinone-8 (q-8) as the predominant respiratory lipoquinone and iso-c(15 : 0) as the major fatty acid. the dna g + c contents of strains sw-125t and sw-154t were 44 ...200415388751
shewanella marisflavi sp. nov. and shewanella aquimarina sp. nov., slightly halophilic organisms isolated from sea water of the yellow sea in korea.two gram-negative, motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped organisms, strains sw-117(t) and sw-120(t), were isolated from sea water of the yellow sea in korea and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. strains sw-117(t) and sw-120(t) simultaneously contained both menaquinones (mk) and ubiquinones (q) as isoprenoid quinones; the predominant menaquinone was mk-7 and the predominant ubiquinones were q-7 and q-8. the major fatty acid detected in the two strains was iso-c(15 : 0). the dna g+c conte ...200415545482
description of aquimarina muelleri gen. nov., sp. nov., and proposal of the reclassification of [cytophaga] latercula lewin 1969 as stanierella latercula gen. nov., comb. nov.the taxonomic position of three novel sea-water isolates was determined. the strains studied were strictly aerobic, heterotrophic, pigmented, motile by gliding, gram-negative and oxidase-, catalase-, beta-galactosidase- and alkaline phosphatase-positive. 16s rrna gene sequence phylogenetic analysis indicated that the strains kmm 6020t, kmm 6021 and kmm 6028 occupied a distinct lineage within the family flavobacteriaceae. the major respiratory quinone was mk-6. the predominant fatty acids were i1 ...200515653878
muricauda flavescens sp. nov. and muricauda aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from a salt lake near hwajinpo beach of the east sea in korea, and emended description of the genus muricauda.four gram-negative, non-spore-forming, slightly halophilic rods (strains sw-62(t), sw-74, sw-63(t) and sw-72) with appendages were isolated from a salt lake near hwajinpo beach on the east sea in korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strains sw-62(t), sw-74, sw-63(t) and sw-72 formed a coherent cluster with muricauda ruestringensis. strains sw-62(t) and sw-74 had the same 16s rrna gene sequence, as did strains ...200515879227
gaetbulimicrobium brevivitae gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family flavobacteriaceae isolated from a tidal flat of the yellow sea in korea.a gram-negative, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped gliding bacterium, designated strain smk-19t, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment of the yellow sea, korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. strain smk-19t grew optimally at 37 degrees c, in the presence of 2-3 % (w/v) nacl and at ph 7.0-8.0. it contained mk-6 as the predominant menaquinone, and iso-c(17 : 0) 3-oh and iso-c(15 : 0) as the major fatty acids. major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanol ...200616403875
shewanella loihica sp. nov., isolated from iron-rich microbial mats in the pacific ocean.a novel marine bacterial strain, pv-4(t), isolated from a microbial mat located at a hydrothermal vent of loihi seamount in the pacific ocean, has been characterized. this micro-organism is orangey in colour, gram-negative, polarly flagellated, facultatively anaerobic and psychrotolerant (temperature range, 0-42 degrees c). no growth was observed with nitrate, nitrite, dmso or thiosulfate as the electron acceptor and lactate as the electron donor. the major fatty acid detected in strain pv-4(t) ...200616902030
aquimarina intermedia sp. nov., reclassification of stanierella latercula (lewin 1969) as aquimarina latercula comb. nov. and gaetbulimicrobium brevivitae yoon et al. 2006 as aquimarina brevivitae comb. nov. and emended description of the genus aquimarina.a heterotrophic, aerobic, gram-negative, pigmented and gliding bacterium, strain kmm 6258(t), was isolated from the sea urchin strongylocentrotus intermedius and investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. 16s rrna gene sequence analysis revealed that the closest relatives of the novel strain are aquimarina muelleri, stanierella latercula and gaetbulimicrobium brevivitae, members of the family flavobacteriaceae, with sequence similarities of 96.3, 96.4 and 96.2 %, respectively. phylogene ...200616957096
marinomonas ostreistagni sp. nov., isolated from a pearl-oyster culture pond in sanya, hainan province, china.a gram-negative, aerobic, halophilic, neutrophilic, rod-shaped, non-pigmented, polar-flagellated bacterium, ust010306-043(t), was isolated from a pearl-oyster culture pond in sanya, hainan province, china in january 2001. this marine bacterium had an optimum temperature for growth of between 33 and 37 degrees c. on the basis of 16s rrna gene sequence analysis, the strain was closely related to marinomonas aquimarina and marinomonas communis, with 97.5-97.7 and 97.1 % sequence similarity, respect ...200617012546
sporosarcina saromensis sp. nov., an aerobic endospore-forming bacterium.two gram-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterial strains, hg645(t) and hg711, were respectively isolated from surface water of a brackish lake and sediment of a fishery harbour in japan and were subsequently characterized taxonomically using a polyphasic approach. phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strains hg645(t) and hg711 are affiliated phylogenetically to the genus sporosarcina, and they exhibit sequence similarities of 95.7-97.3 % to the type strain ...200717684272
psychromonas japonica sp. nov., psychromonas aquimarina sp. nov., psychromonas macrocephali sp. nov. and psychromonas ossibalaenae sp. nov., psychrotrophic bacteria isolated from sediment adjacent to sperm whale carcasses off kagoshima, japan.four novel species of psychrotrophic bacteria were isolated from sediment adjacent to sperm whale carcasses off kagoshima, japan, at a depth of 228-250 m. cells of the five isolated strains, jamm 0394(t), jamm 0404(t), jamm 0415(t), jamm 0700 and jamm 0738(t), were gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-sporulating and motile by means of a single polar flagellum. the novel strains were able to produce isoprenoid quinone q-8 as the major component. the predominant fatty acids were c(16 : 0) and c(16 : 1) ...200818599721
marinomonas basaltis sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from black sand.a gram-negative, aerobic, slightly halophilic, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from black sand in soesoggak, jeju island, korea. the strain, designated j63(t), was oxidase- and catalase-positive and arginine dihydrolase-negative. the isolate required na(+) for growth and differed from phenotypically related species by being able to utilize sucrose and d-galactose as a carbon source. phylogenetic analysis based on the sequence of the 16s rrna gene revealed that strain j63(t) belongs to the genu ...200819060051
leisingera aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from a marine electroactive biofilm, and emended descriptions of leisingera methylohalidivorans schaefer et al. 2002, phaeobacter daeponensis yoon et al. 2007 and phaeobacter inhibens martens et al. 2006.strain lmg 24366(t) was isolated from a marine electroactive biofilm grown on a stainless steel cathode (genova, italy) and was investigated by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. this study demonstrated that strain lmg 24366(t) represents a novel species within the genus leisingera, which shared 98.9 % 16s rrna gene similarity with its nearest phylogenetic neighbour, leisingera methylohalidivorans. strain lmg 24366(t) grew on betaine (1 mm) as a sole carbon source, whereas no growth was obse ...200819060059
muricauda olearia sp. nov., isolated from crude-oil-contaminated seawater, and emended description of the genus muricauda.a gram-staining-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium, designated cl-ss4t, was isolated from crude-oil-contaminated seawater from the west coast of korea and was investigated by means of a polyphasic taxonomic approach. strain cl-ss4t grew optimally at 25-30 degrees c, at ph 6.8-7.7 and in the presence of 2-3% sea salts. the major fatty acids were iso-c17:0 3-oh, iso-c15:0 and iso-c15:1 g. the major isoprenoid quinone was mk-6. the dna g+c content was 50.7 mol%. analysis of the 16s rrna ...200919567580
lutaonella thermophila gen. nov., sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic member of the family flavobacteriaceae isolated from a coastal hot spring.a yellow-pigmented, gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile, moderately thermophilic, rod-shaped bacterium, cc-mhsw-2t, was isolated from a coastal hot spring of green island (lutao), located off taituang, taiwan. the 16s rrna gene sequence analysis demonstrated that it shared <93.2% sequence similarity with aquimarina species. the organism was unable to produce acid from carbohydrates, but it could utilize a number of organic acids and amino acids. menaquinone 6 (mk-6) was the major respira ...200919605713
leisingera nanhaiensis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment.an aerobic, gram-staining-negative, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, strain nh52f(t), was isolated from a sandy sediment sample taken from the south china sea. on m2 agar medium (a complex medium), colonies were beige in colour. the isolate showed highest 16s rrna gene sequence similarities to members of the genera leisingera (96.7 % similarity), phaeobacter (95.4-96.0 %) and marinovum (94.1 %). phylogenetic analysis based on 16s rrna gene sequences indicated that strain nh52f(t) formed a distinct ...201019651744
aquimarina macrocephali sp. nov., isolated from sediment adjacent to sperm whale carcasses.a gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, strictly aerobic strain with gliding motility, designated jamb n27(t), was isolated from sediment adjacent to sperm whale carcasses off kagoshima, japan, at a depth of 219 m. strain jamb n27(t) contained mk-6 as the major isoprenoid quinone and iso-c₁₅:₀, iso-c₁₅:₁, c₁₆:₁ and iso-c₁₇:₁ as the predominant fatty acids. casein, chitin, gelatin and starch were degraded. phylogenetic analysis based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strain jamb n27( ...201019915102
kangiella japonica sp. nov., isolated from a marine environment.three gram-negative, aerobic, halophilic, non-motile, yellowish-pigmented bacteria, designated kmm 3896, kmm 3897 and kmm 3899(t), were isolated from coastal seawater and sediment samples of the sea of japan, russia. the isolates were shown to belong to the same species on the basis of 16s rrna gene sequence similarities (99.6-99.9 %) and dna-dna relatedness (73-98 %). phylogenetic analysis of 16s rrna gene sequences demonstrated that the isolates formed a subcluster within the genus kangiella i ...201020023058
aquimarina spongiae sp. nov., isolated from marine sponge halichondria oshoro.a gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped, strictly aerobic, non-flagellated, non-gliding and oxidase- and catalase-positive bacterium, designated a6(t), was isolated from a marine sponge, halichondria oshoro, collected on the coast of jeju island, south korea. phylogenetic analysis based on the nearly complete 16s rrna gene sequence revealed that strain a6(t) was a member of the family flavobacteriaceae. the closest relatives were aquimarina intermedia lmg 23204(t), a. latercula atcc ...201120348323
henriciella litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat, transfer of maribaculum marinum lai et al. 2009 to the genus henriciella as henriciella aquimarina nom. nov. and emended description of the genus henriciella.a gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain sd10(t), was isolated from a tidal flat of the yellow sea, south korea. cells were non-spore-forming rods that showed catalase- and oxidase-positive reactions. growth of strain sd10(t) was observed at 15-40 °c (optimum, 25-30 °c), at ph 6.0-9.0 (optimum, ph 6.5-8.5) and in the presence of 1-10 % (w/v) nacl. strain sd10(t) contained ubiquinone-10 (q-10) as a major isoprenoid quinone and c(18 : 1)ω7c (39.3 %), c(16 : 0) (20.2  ...201120418412
kangiella spongicola sp. nov., a halophilic marine bacterium isolated from the sponge chondrilla nucula.a novel halophilic bacterium of the genus kangiella was isolated from a marine sponge collected from the florida keys, usa. strain a79(t), an aerobic, gram-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, grew in 2-15 % (w/v) nacl, at a temperature of 10-49 °c and at ph 4.5-10. phylogenetic analysis placed strain a79(t) in the family alcanivoraceae in the class gammaproteobacteria. strain a79(t) showed 98.5 % 16s rrna gene sequence similarity to kangiella japonica kmm 3899(t), 96.6 % similarity to ka ...201120511465
aquimarina litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a coastal seawater.a strictly aerobic, red-pigmented, non-motile, catalase- and oxidase-positive, gram-staining-negative bacterium, designated strain cnuric011(t), was isolated from seawater off the coast of jeju island in korea. a phylogenetic analysis based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strain cnuric011(t) belongs to the genus aquimarina in the family flavobacteriaceae. 16s rrna gene sequence analysis revealed that the close relatives of the novel strain are aquimarina latercula atcc 23177(t), aquimarin ...201020799083
aquimarina addita sp. nov., isolated from seawater.an orange colored, rod-shaped, devoid of flagella and gliding motility, gram-reaction-negative and strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated jc2680(t), was isolated from a seawater sample of jeju island, korea. the isolate required sea salts for growth. flexirubin-type pigments were absent. result of 16s rdna sequence analysis indicated that the test strain belongs to the genus aquimarina within the family flavobacteraceae with relatively low sequence similarities of 93.6-95.9 % to other val ...201021075902
biodiversity and characterization of aerobic spore-forming bacteria in surimi seafood products.the microbial quality and safety of surimi seafood products was assessed by studying the prevalence and biodiversity of aerobic spore-forming bacteria at the beginning and end of shelf life in 100 surimi samples. low levels of total flora and sporulated flora were numerated at the beginning of storage, however, residual spores were detected in the majority of samples during storage. furthermore, for 34 samples, total flora counts>10(4) cfu/g were observed at the end of shelf life which could lea ...201021315981
stappia aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.a light-yellow pigmented bacterial strain designated spio-19(t) was isolated from seawater in taiwan and was characterized using the polyphasic taxonomy approach. strain spio-19(t) was gram-negative, obligately aerobic, rod-shaped, motile by means of one polar flagellum and non-spore forming. growth occurred at 15-42°c (optimum, 30-40°c), at ph 5.0-9.0 (optimum, ph 8.0) and with 0.5-9.0% nacl (optimum, 1.0-5.0%). phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strain spio-19(t ...201121421929
kangiella geojedonensis sp. nov., isolated from seawater of the south sea in korea.a gram-staining-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterial strain, ycs-5t, was isolated from seawater on the southern coast in korea. strain ycs-5t grew optimally at 30 °c and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) nacl. phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences revealed that strain ycs-5t fell within the clade comprising kangiella species. strain ycs-5t exhibited 16s rrna gene sequence similarity values of 96.6, 95.7 and 97.9 % to the type strains of kangiella koreensis, kangiella aqu ...201121478391
aquimarina agarilytica sp. nov., a novel agarolytic species isolated from red alga.a new yellow-pigmented and agarolytic bacterial strain designated zc1(t) was isolated from the surface of the marine red alga porphyra haitanensis near nan ao island, guangdong province, china. the isolate was gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, displayed β-galactosidase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase and oxidase activities.the predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-c(15:0)., summed feature 3 (comprising c(16:1)ω7c and/or iso-c(15:0) 2-oh) and iso-c(17:0) 3-oh and the major ...201121622833
stappia aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from seawater. 201121742859
muricauda beolgyonensis sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat sediment.a gram- staining-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, bb-my12t, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment sample of korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. strain bb-my12t grew optimally at 37-¦c, at ph 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 2-3 % (w/v) nacl. phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences revealed that strain bb-my12t fell within the cluster comprising muricauda species. strain bb-my12t exhibited 16s rrna gene sequence simil ...201121724956
Jannaschia aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.A Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, GSW-M26T, was isolated from seawater on the southern coast in Korea, and its taxonomic position was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. Strain GSW-M26T grew optimally at pH 7.0-8.0, at 30 °C and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GSW-M26T fell within the clade comprising Jannaschia species, joining the type strain of Jannaschia seosinensis, with ...201122199214
novel l-amino acid oxidase with algicidal activity against toxic cyanobacterium microcystis aeruginosa synthesized by a bacterium aquimarina sp.a brownish yellow pigmented bacterial strain, designated antisso-27, was recently isolated from a water area of saltpan in southern taiwan. phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences indicate that strain antisso-27 belongs the genus aquimarina in the family flavobacteriacea and its only closest neighbor is aquimarina spongiae (96.6%). based on screening for algicidal activity, strain antisso-27 exhibits potent activity against the toxic cyanobacterium microcystis aeruginosa. both the ...201122112563
aquimarina mytili sp. nov., isolated from the gut microflora of mussel, mytilus coruscus.an orange-coloured and rod shaped gliding bacterium, designated strain psc33t was isolated from the gut microflora of mussel collected from the south sea (republic of korea). cells were gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive. the major fatty acids were iso-c15:0, iso-c17:0 3-oh, iso-c15:1 g, c15:0 3-oh and iso-c17:1ω9c. the dna g+c content was 37.9 mol%. a phylogenetic tree based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strain kyw382t forms an evolutionary lineage ...201122003036
aquimarina salinaria sp. nov., a novel algicidal bacterium isolated from a saltpan.a bacterial strain designated antisso-27(t), previously isolated from saltpan in taiwan while screening for bacteria for algicidal activity, was characterized using the polyphasic taxonomic approach. strain antisso-27(t) was gram-negative, aerobic, brownish yellow colored, rod-shaped, non-flagellated and non-gliding. phylogenetic analyses based on 16s rrna gene sequences showed that strain antisso-27(t) belonged to the genus aquimarina within the family flavobacteriaceae with relatively low sequ ...201121766186
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