a preliminary study of hypoglycemic activity of rubus fruticosus. 19807454877
antimicrobial activity of bark extracts of syzygium jambos (l.) alston (myrtaceae).syzygium jambos (l.) alston (myrtaceae) is a widespread medicinal plant traditionally used in sub-saharan africa to treat infectious diseases. acetone and aqueous extracts from the bark of s. jambos were tested for antimicrobial activity in vitro by the agar dilution method in petri dishes. both extracts showed some activity against the tested micro-organisms. they proved to be particularly effective on staphylococcus aureus, yersinia enterocolitica and coagulase negative staphylococci among whi ...200010904178
antibacterial effect of a magnetic field on serratia marcescens and related virulence to hordeum vulgare and rubus fruticosus callus cells.the exposure to a static magnetic field of 80+/-20 gauss (8+/-2 mt) resulted in the inhibition of serratia marcescens growth. callus cell suspensions from hordeum vulgare and rubus fruticosus were also examined and only the former was found to be affected by the magnetic field, which induced a decreased viability. s. marcescens was shown to be virulent only toward h. vulgare and this virulence was reduced by the presence of the magnetic field. the modification of glutathione peroxidase activity ...200212031461
anthocyanin metabolism in rats and their distribution to digestive area, kidney, and brain.anthocyanins are present in human diet due to their wide occurrence in fruits and beverages. they possess antioxidant activities and could be involved in several health effects. the aim of this study was to investigate anthocyanin metabolism and distribution in the digestive area organs (stomach, jejunum and liver) and kidney, as well as a target tissue (brain) in rats fed with a blackberry (rubus fruticosus l.) anthocyanin-enriched diet for 15 days. identification and quantification of anthocya ...200515884815
antioxidant status in humans after consumption of blackberry (rubus fruticosus l.) juices with and without defatted milk.the present study was designed to evaluate the possible effect of the consumption of blackberry juices (bj) prepared with water (bjw) and defatted milk (bjm) on the plasma antioxidant capacity and the enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants. a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the ascorbic acid content in the plasma was observed after intake of both bjs. however, no changes were observed in the plasma urate and alpha-tocopherol levels. an increase on the plasma antioxidant capacity, by orac ass ...200819053224
pollination biology of fruit-bearing hedgerow plants and the role of flower-visiting insects in the uk, the flowers of fruit-bearing hedgerow plants provide a succession of pollen and nectar for flower-visiting insects for much of the year. the fruits of hedgerow plants are a source of winter food for frugivorous birds on farmland. it is unclear whether recent declines in pollinator populations are likely to threaten fruit-set and hence food supply for birds. the present study investigates the pollination biology of five common hedgerow plants: blackthorn (prunus spinosa), hawthorn (cra ...200919770165
phenolic composition and antioxidant properties of some traditionally used medicinal plants affected by the extraction time and hydrolysis.polyphenolic phytochemicals in traditionally used medicinal plants act as powerful antioxidants, which aroused an increasing interest in their application in functional food development.201120848396
acute toxicity, brine shrimp cytotoxicity, anthelmintic and relaxant potentials of fruits of rubus fruticosus agg.rubus fruticosus is used in tribal medicine as anthelmintic and an antispasmodic. in the current work, we investigated the anthelmintic and antispasmodic activities of crude methanol extract of fruits of r. fruticosus on scientific grounds. acute toxicity and brine shrimp cytotoxicity activity of the extract were also performed.201323773797
[evaluation of a new medium, eggplant (solanum melongena) agar as a screening medium for cryptococcus neoformans in environmental samples].cryptococcus neofomans is an encapsulated yeast-like fungus that causes life-threatening infections, especially in immunosuppresive patients. c.neoformans infection is believed to be acquired via inhalation of aerosolized particles from the environment. avian guano, decaying tree hollows and soil are the related known environmental niches. brown pigmented yeast growth from the precursors in growth media is an important step for the identification and isolation of c.neoformans. seeds of plants in ...201424819266
ellagitannins from rubus berries for the control of gastric inflammation: in vitro and in vivo studies.ellagitannins have shown anti-inflammatory and anti-helicobacter pylori properties; however, their anti-inflammatory activity at gastric level was not previously investigated. the aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of ellagitannins from rubus berries on gastric inflammation. ellagitannin enriched extracts (ets) were prepared from rubus fruticosus l. (blackberry) and rubus idaeus l. (raspberry). the anti-inflammatory activity was tested on gastric cell line ags stimulated by tnf-α a ...201323940786
water-extractable magnesium, manganese and copper in leaves and herbs of medicinal plants.since herbal teas, infusions and decoctions prepared from medicinal plants are popular remedies, it remains a topical question whether these herbal drugs can be treated as sources of essential elements for humans, who often use them in their everyday diet. therefore, total and water-extractable contents of mg, mn and cu were determined in 41 leaves originating from four botanical species of plantago lanceolata, arctostaphyllos uva-ursi, rubus fruticosus and betula sp., as well as in 33 samples o ...201322574504
using dna metabarcoding to identify the floral composition of honey: a new tool for investigating honey bee foraging preferences.identifying the floral composition of honey provides a method for investigating the plants that honey bees visit. we compared melissopalynology, where pollen grains retrieved from honey are identified morphologically, with a dna metabarcoding approach using the rbcl dna barcode marker and 454-pyrosequencing. we compared nine honeys supplied by beekeepers in the uk. dna metabarcoding and melissopalynology were able to detect the most abundant floral components of honey. there was 92% corresponden ...201526308362
development of a disease risk prediction model for downy mildew (peronospora sparsa) in boysenberry.downy mildew caused by peronospora sparsa has resulted in serious production losses in boysenberry (rubus hybrid), blackberry (rubus fruticosus), and rose (rosa sp.) in new zealand, mexico, and the united states and the united kingdom, respectively. development of a model to predict downy mildew risk would facilitate development and implementation of a disease warning system for efficient fungicide spray application in the crops affected by this disease. because detailed disease observation data ...201423883152
characterization of rubus fruticosus mitochondria and salicylic acid inhibition of reactive oxygen species generation at complex iii/q cycle: potential implications for hypersensitive response in addition to adenosine triphosphate (atp) production, mitochondria have been implicated in the regulation of several physiological responses in plants, such as programmed cell death (pcd) activation. salicylic acid (sa) and reactive oxygen species (ros) are essential signaling molecules involved in such physiological responses; however, the mechanisms by which they act remain unknown. in non-photosynthesizing tissues, mitochondria appear to serve as the main source of ros generation. evidence ...201121611778
detection of new viruses in alfalfa, weeds and cultivated plants growing adjacent to alfalfa fields in saudi arabia.a total of 1368 symptomatic plant samples showing different virus-like symptoms such as mottling, chlorosis, mosaic, yellow mosaic, vein clearing and stunting were collected from alfalfa, weed and cultivated plant species growing in vicinity of alfalfa fields in five principal regions of alfalfa production in saudi arabia. das-elisa test indicated occurrence of 11 different viruses in these samples, 10 of which were detected for the first time in saudi arabia. eighty percent of the alfalfa sampl ...201728855829
comparison of antioxidant activity of the fruits derived from in vitro propagated and traditionally cultivated tayberry plants.tayberry is a hybrid between rubus fruticosus l. and rubus idaeus l. these fruits contain valuable vitamins and antioxidants. an effective protocol for micropropagation of tayberry plants is here described. different concentrations of cytokinins (6-benzylaminopurine, zeatin, and 6-(γ,γ-dimethylallylamino)purine) were added in murashige and skoog, 1962 (ms) medium to micropropagation using stem tip and nodal explants.201626564552
anthocyanin profiles and biological properties of caneberry (rubus spp.) press residues.the global interest in natural food colours shows increasing attention towards new product development to replace synthetic colourants, because of the strengthening of legislative rules and consumer awareness of synthetic additives and chemicals in food. this study was designed to evaluate anthocyanin content and biological activities of press residues from four caneberries: two raspberry (rubus idaeus, cv. 'meeker' (rm) and 'willamette' (rw)) and two blackberry (rubus fruticosus, cv. 'thornfree ...201424407975
engineering the nutraceutical and cosmeceutical potential of two cultivars of rubus fruticosus l. by different cultivation conditions.the starting point for the development of new, functional products derived from rubus fruticosus l. is to determine the optimal cultivation conditions that produce maximal yield of fruits containing desirable bioactive properties. towards that goal, the effect of soil, soil/peat mixture and light intensity on the nutraceutical and cosmeceutical potential of two cultivars ('thornfree' and 'loch ness') of rubus fruticosus l. were evaluated. 'thornfree' cultivar produced fruits in all light conditi ...201729278211
the effect of multiple contamination of soil on lmw and mmw pahs accumulation in the roots of rubus fruticosus l. naturally growing near the copper mining and smelting complex bor (east serbia).samples of roots and spatial soils of native rubus fruticosus l. were collected from the spots positioned at different distances from the copper smelter and city heating plants in the industrial zone of the town of bor (serbia) and subjected to chemical analyses in order to determine the content of several heavy metals, and 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs). in this study, the results for 9 low and medium molecular weight pahs (lmw and mmw pahs) are represented and processed us ...201728523616
recovery of anthocyanins from residues of rubus fruticosus, vaccinium myrtillus and eugenia brasiliensis by ultrasound assisted extraction, pressurized liquid extraction and their combination.this work investigated the extraction efficiency of polyphenols (anthocyanins) from blackberry, blueberry and grumixama residues using combined ultrasonic assisted extraction (uae) and pressurized liquid extraction (ple) (uae+ple). the performance of uae+ple was compared to those achieved by the isolated ple and uae methods and conventional soxhlet extraction. the effects of the extraction methods and solvents (acidified water ph 2.0, ethanol+water 50% v/v and ethanol+water 70% ethanol v/v) on t ...201728449984
a comparative study on composition and antioxidant activities of supercritical carbon dioxide, hexane and ethanol extracts from blackberry (rubus fruticosus) growing in poland.large quantities of blackberry seeds are produced as a pomace during the processing of juice and jam production; this by-product is a very interesting raw material both for oil manufacturing and as a source of bioactive compounds. in this work the composition, yield and antioxidant activity of three types of rubus fructicosus pomace extracts isolated by liquid extraction using solvents of different polarity, as well with supercritical co2 fluid extraction have been compared.201728098355
antioxidant capacity analysis of blackberry extracts with different phytochemical compositions and optimization of their ultrasound assisted extraction.high antioxidant capacity molecules, such as anthocyanins, occur naturally in blackberry (rubus fruticosus). in particular, 'dasha' blackberry cultivar has scarcely been studied and, it is becoming economically more important in mexico. in this study, several blackberry extraction conditions, conferred different amounts of detectable phytochemical groups that in turn were analysed with a new approach to investigate their influence on antioxidant capacity (ac). additionally, a central composite d ...201728600693
ungulates increase forest plant species richness to the benefit of non-forest specialists.large wild ungulates are a major biotic factor shaping plant communities. they influence species abundance and occurrence directly by herbivory and plant dispersal, or indirectly by modifying plant-plant interactions and through soil disturbance. in forest ecosystems, researchers' attention has been mainly focused on deer overabundance. far less is known about the effects on understory plant dynamics and diversity of wild ungulates where their abundance is maintained at lower levels to mitigate ...201728892277
alternative growth promoters modulate broiler gut microbiome and enhance body weight gain.antibiotic growth promoters (agps) are frequently used to enhance weight-gain in poultry production. however, there has been increasing concern over the impact of agp on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in zoonotic bacterial pathogens in the microbial community of the poultry gut. in this study, we adopted mass-spectrophotometric, phylogenetic, and shotgun-metagenomic approaches to evaluate bioactive phenolic extracts (bpe) from blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (rubus frutic ...201729123512
herbal medicines for leucorrhea according to iranian traditional medicine.leucorrhea or vaginal discharge is a conventional complaint. it is generally whitish, yellowish, or greenish vaginal discharge in females that might be normal or a symptom of infection. it is almost mucus discharge, which exhibit exfoliation of vaginal epithelial cells due to estrogen influence on the vaginal mucosa. it is important to identify the differences between physiologic and pathologic discharges. leucorrhea is a well-known disease in iranian traditional medicine (itm). in their manuscr ...201627516669
herbal medicines for leucorrhea according to iranian traditional medicine.leucorrhea or vaginal discharge is a conventional complaint. it is generally whitish, yellowish, or greenish vaginal discharge in females that might be normal or a symptom of infection. it is almost mucus discharge, which exhibit exfoliation of vaginal epithelial cells due to estrogen influence on the vaginal mucosa. it is important to identify the differences between physiologic and pathologic discharges. leucorrhea is a well-known disease in iranian traditional medicine (itm). in their manuscr ...201627840502
a comparative study on the radioprotective potential of the polyphenolic glycoconjugates from medicinal plants of rosaceae and asteraceae families versus their aglycones.radioprotective potential of the polyphenolic glycoconjugates, isolated from flowers of sanguisorba officinalis l. (so) and erigeron canadensis l. (ec), and from leaves of fragaria vesca l. (fv) and rubus plicatus whe. et n. e. (rp) as well as their aglycones (soa, eca, fva and rpa, respectively), against γ-radiation-induced lipid peroxidation in human plasma and dna damage in lymphocytes, were investigated in vitro. these properties were assessed by measuring the concentration of thiobarbituric ...201728475935
structural and morphological diversity of (1-->3)-beta-d-glucans synthesized in vitro by enzymes from saprolegnia monoïca. comparison with a corresponding in vitro product from blackberry (rubus fruticosus).detergent extracts of microsomal fractions from saprolegnia monoïca and blackberry (rubus fruticosus) cells were incubated with udp-glucose to yield in vitro (1-->3)-beta-d-glucans. the insoluble products were analyzed by conventional and cryo transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and (13)c cp/mas nmr, and their molecular weights were determined by light scattering experiments. all the products were microfibrillar, but for the detergent extracts from s. monoïca, important morpholo ...200312755631
bioactive extracts from berry byproducts on the pathogenicity of salmonella typhimurium.the aim of this study was to evaluate the phenotypic and genotypic properties of salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (st) in the presence of lethal and sublethal concentrations (slc2log) of blackberry (rubus fruticosus) and blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) pomace extracts. antimicrobial susceptibility, physicochemical properties, motility, biofilm formation ability, virulence gene expression patterns, and the ability of st to colonize in chick cecum were evaluated in the presence of these bi ...201627565525
polyphenolic-polysaccharide conjugates from plants of rosaceae/asteraceae family as potential radioprotectors.polyphenolic-polysaccharide macromolecular, water-soluble glycoconjugates, isolated from the selected medicinal plants of rosaceae/asteraceae family: from leaves of fragaria vesca l., rubus plicatus whe. et n. e., and from flowering parts of sanguisorba officinalis l., and erigeron canadensis l., were investigated for their ability to protect proteins and lipids of human plasma against γ-radiation-induced oxidative damage. treatment of plasma with plant conjugates (6, 30, 150 μg/ml) prior exposu ...201626848834
polyphenolic glycoconjugates from medical plants of rosaceae/asteraceae family protect human lymphocytes against γ-radiation-induced damage.radioprotective effects of the water-soluble polyphenolic glycoconjugates, isolated from flowers of sanguisorba officinalis l.(so) and erigeron canadensis l.(ec), and from leaves of fragaria vesca l. (fv) and rubus plicatus whe. et n. e. (rp), against γ-radiation-induced toxicity in human peripheral blood lymphocytes were investigated. cell treatment with glycoconjugates (1, 5 and 25μg/ml) prior exposure to 10/15gy radiation resulted in concentration-dependent reduction of dna damage including o ...201727769934
role of human gut microbiota metabolism in the anti-inflammatory effect of traditionally used ellagitannin-rich plant materials.ellagitannin-rich plant materials are widely used in traditional medicine as effective, internally used anti-inflammatory agents. due to the not well-established bioavailability of ellagitannins, the mechanisms of observed therapeutic effects following oral administration still remain unclear. the aim of the study was to evaluate if selected ellagitannin-rich plant materials could be the source of bioavailable gut microbiota metabolites, i.e. urolithins, together with determination of the anti-i ...201424969824
irradiance and temperature affect the competitive interference of blackberry on the physiology of european beech seedlings.the potential negative influence of competition from early successional species like blackberry (rubus fruticosus) may be decisive for the natural regeneration success of drought-sensitive beech (fagus sylvatica), especially in the light of climate change. with a split plot glasshouse experiment, we investigated the influence of two air temperature and irradiance levels on the competitive interference of blackberry on the water, nitrogen (n) and carbon (c) balance of beech seedlings under modera ...200515720656
antioxidant, antimicrobial and neutrophil-modulating activities of herb extracts.the present study provides a comprehensive data on the antioxidant, antimicrobial and neutrophil-modulating activities of extracts from six medicinal plants--blackberry (rubus fruticosus) leaves, chokeberry (aronia melanocarpa) leaves, hawthorn (crataegus monogyna) leaves, lady's mantle (alchemilla glabra) aerial parts, meadowsweet (filipendula ulmaria) aerial parts and raspberry (rubus idaeus) leaves. in order to analyze the antioxidant activity of the herbs, several methods (orac, trap, horac ...201424945135
eradication and sensitization of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus to methicillin with bioactive extracts of berry pomace.the therapeutic roles of phenolic blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (rubus fruticosus) pomace (commercial byproduct) extracts (bpe) and their mechanism of actions were evaluated against methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa). five major phenolic acids of bpe, e.g., protocatechuic, p. coumaric, vanillic, caffeic, and gallic acids, as well as crude bpe completely inhibited the growth of vegetative mrsa in vitro while bpe+methicillin significantly reduced mrsa biofilm form ...201728270804
a glimpse of the endophytic bacterial diversity in roots of blackberry plants (rubus fruticosus).the aim of this study was to explore the diversity of culturable bacterial communities residing in blackberry plants (rubus fruticosus). bacterial endophytes were isolated from plant roots, and their 16s rdna sequences were amplified and sequenced. our results show that the roots of r. fruticosus exhibit low colony forming units of bacterial endophytes per gram of fresh tissue (6 x 10(2) ± 0.5 x 10(2)). we identified 41 endophytic bacterial species in r. fruticosus by blast homology search and a ...201627706727
influence of fertilizing on the (137)cs soil-plant transfer in a spruce forest of southern germany.fertilization with 2.5t/ha limestone: (83% caco(3), 8% mgo, 6% k(2)o, 3% p(2)o(5)) reduces the (137)cs transfer from spruce forest soil into plants like fern (dryopteris carthusiana) and blackberry (rubus fruticosus) by a factor of 2-5 during at least 11 years as measured by the aggregated transfer factor t(ag). in 1997 and 2006 these results were confirmed by additional measurements of the (137)cs transfer factor tf, related to the root zone (o(h) horizon), which were explained by the selective ...200919375834
migration and bioavailability of (137)cs in forest soil of southern give a quantitative description of the radiocaesium soil-plant transfer for fern (dryopteris carthusiana) and blackberry (rubus fruticosus), physical and chemical properties of soils in spruce and mixed forest stands were investigated. of special interest was the selective sorption of radiocaesium, which was determined by measuring the radiocaesium interception potential (rip). forest soil and plants were taken at 10 locations of the altdorfer wald (5 sites in spruce forest and 5 sites in mix ...200919167790
dynamics of introduced populations of phragmidium violaceum and implications for biological control of european blackberry in australia.phragmidium violaceum causes leaf rust on the european blackberry (rubus fruticosus l. aggregate). multiple strains of this pathogen have been introduced into southern australia for the biological control of at least 15 taxa of european blackberry, a nonindigenous, invasive plant. in climates conducive to leaf rust, the intensity of disease varies within and among infestations of the genetically variable host. genetic markers developed from the selective amplification of microsatellite polymorph ...200818641150
genetic diversity in the blackberry rust pathogen, phragmidium violaceum, in europe and australasia as revealed by analysis of sampl.indigenous to europe, the blackberry rust fungus phragmidium violaceum was introduced to australia and subsequently appeared in new zealand, with the most recent authorised introductions to australia specifically for the biological control of european blackberry. markers for 'selective amplification of microsatellite polymorphic loci' (sampl) were developed for studying the population genetics of p. violaceum. modification of one of the two sampl primers with a haeiii adapter (h) revealed signif ...200616431094
a plant surface protein sharing structural properties with animal integrins.using a polyclonal antibody (p23) generated against the human platelet integrin aiib beta3 and a fitc-conjugate secondary antibody, fluorescence is observed at the surface of protoplasts isolated from arabidopsis thaliana and rubus fruticosus. arabidopsis thaliana cells grown in suspension culture containing p23 and glycylarginylglycylaspartylserine (grgds), a synthetic peptide containing the rgd sequence found in many extracellular matrix adhesive proteins demonstrated aberrant cell wall/plasma ...19989654050
inhibition of 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclases.monocyclic and tricyclic compounds possessing a nitrogen atom situated at a position corresponding to the carbenium ion of high energy intermediates or transition states involved during cyclization of 2,3-oxidosqualene to tetra- and pentacyclic triterpenes have been synthesized. these compounds were tested as inhibitors of 2,3-oxidosqualene cycloartenol, lanosterol-, and beta(alpha)-amyrin-cyclases in vitro and in vivo, and their affinity was compared to that of formerly synthesized 8-aza-bicycl ...19921510977
bioaccumulation of hmw pahs in the roots of wild blackberry from the bor region (serbia): phytoremediation and biomonitoring this work, the samples of roots and soils from the rooting zone of wild blackberry were collected from the urban-industrial and rural locations near "the copper mining and smelting complex bor" (serbia); they were analyzed by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method to determine the content of high-molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (hmw pahs). the obtained results were further processed using bio-concentration factor, pearson's correlation study and hierarchical cluster a ...201627110970
correction: impact of metallurgical activities on the content of trace elements in the spatial soil and plant parts of rubus fruticosus l.correction for 'impact of metallurgical activities on the content of trace elements in the spatial soil and plant parts of rubus fruticosus l.' by m. m. nujkićet al., environ. sci.: processes impacts, 2016, 18, 350-360.201627173003
microencapsulation by spray-drying of bioactive compounds extracted from blackberry (rubus fruticosus).blackberry aqueous extract acidified with 2 % citric acid was spray-dried using gum arabic (ga) and polydextrose (pd) as encapsulating agents at concentrations of 10 and 15 % and temperatures of 140 to 160 °c. all powders presented high solubility, ranging from 88.2 to 97.4 %, and the encapsulation conditions did not significantly affect the hygroscopicity. the powders produced with gum arabic showed higher brightness than those with polydextrose. the anthocyanins retention in the microcapsules ...201627570276
effect of thermoultrasound on the antioxidant compounds and fatty acid profile of blackberry (rubus fruticosus spp.) juice.blackberry (rubus fruticosus spp.) fruit has high antioxidant activity due to its significant content of anthocyanins and antioxidant compounds. among emerging technologies for food preservation, thermoultrasound is a technique that reduces microbial loads and releases compounds with antioxidant properties. the objective of this study was to determine the antioxidant content and fatty acid profile of blackberry juice subjected to thermoultrasound treatment in comparison to pasteurized juice. bla ...201627916844
impact of metallurgical activities on the content of trace elements in the spatial soil and plant parts of rubus fruticosus l.the concentrations of the trace elements (tes), cu, zn, pb, as, cd, ni, were determined in parts of rubus fruticosus l. and in topsoil, collected from eight different locations around the copper smelter in bor, serbia. extremely high concentrations of cu were determined in the soil and in r. fruticosus l., and for arsenic at some locations. the enrichment factors for tes in soil showed enrichment with cu, zn, pb, and as among which extremely high values were determined for cu (efsoil = 8.5-126.1 ...201626982885
antioxidant activity of raspberry (rubus fruticosus) leaves extract and its effect on oxidative stability of sunflower oil.efficacy of r. fruticosus leaves extract in stabilizing sunflower oil during accelerated storage has been studied. extracts of r. fruticosus were prepared in different solvents which methanolic extract yield with 15.43 % was higher than water and acetone ones (11.87 and 6.62 %, respectively). methanolic extract was chosen to evaluate its thermal stability at 70 °c in sunflower oil, due to the highest yield, antioxidant and antiradical potential and also high content of phenolic compounds campare ...201526243940
effect of wall material on the antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties of rubus fruticosus juice microcapsules.blackberry (rubus fruticosus) juice possesses compounds with antioxidant activity, which can be protected by different biopolymers used in the microencapsulation. therefore, the effects of cell wall material including maltodextrin (md), arabic gum (ga) and whey protein concentrate (wpc) were evaluated on the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of encapsulated blackberries using a spray-drying technique. anthocyanin concentration, polymeric colour, total polyphenols, radical scavenging act ...201526006741
neuropharmacological effects of methanolic extracts of rubusfruticosus investigate methanol extracts of various parts of rubus fruticosus l. (rosaceae) for various neuropharmacological activities, such as anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, antidepressant, and sedative activities.201425558649
rubus fruticosus (blackberry) use as an herbal medicine.wild grown european blackberry rubus fruticosus) plants are widespread in different parts of northern countries and have been extensively used in herbal medicine. the result show that european blackberry plants are used for herbal medicinal purpose such as antimicrobial, anticancer, antidysentery, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, and also good antioxidant. blackberry plant (r. fruticosus) contains tannins, gallic acid, villosin, and iron; fruit contains vitamin c, niacin (nicotinic acid), pectin, su ...201425125882
rubus fruticosus l.: constituents, biological activities and health related uses.rubus fruticosus l. is a shrub famous for its fruit called blackberry fruit or more commonly blackberry. the fruit has medicinal, cosmetic and nutritive value. it is a concentrated source of valuable nutrients, as well as bioactive constituents of therapeutic interest highlighting its importance as a functional food. besides use as a fresh fruit, it is also used as ingredient in cooked dishes, salads and bakery products like jams, snacks, desserts, and fruit preserves. r. fruticosus contains vit ...201425072202
measuring the accuracy of management effectiveness evaluations of protected areas.evaluating the effectiveness of protected area management to help improve management outcomes is becoming an increasingly common practice. the evaluation tools developed and implemented in over 100 countries generally rely on the expert judgements of protected area managers. despite the growing collection and use of management effectiveness evaluation data, there have been no previous attempts to measure the accuracy of these data. we measured the accuracy of managers' judgements about the condi ...201424698991
method development for determination of (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin by micellar electrokinetic chromatography: annual characterization of field grown blackberries.berries are a rich source of antioxidants compounds, among which is the catechin group. determination of the monomers (catechin and epicatechin) in fruits is a first step in the way to establish a relationship between polyphenols and their effects on human health. the purpose of this work is to develop a method to determine free catechins in blackberry by mekc and to characterize levels of catechins in fresh fruits of rubus fruticosus var. lochness throughout the annual production period. a meth ...201323712878
measuring stock and change in the gb countryside for policy--key findings and developments from the countryside survey 2007 field survey.countryside survey is a unique large scale long-term monitoring programme investigating stock and change of habitats, landscape features, vegetation, soil and freshwaters of great britain. repeat field surveys combine policy and scientific objectives to provide evidence on how multiple aspects of the environment are changing over time, a key goal of international science in the face of profound human impacts on ecosystems. countryside survey 2007 (cs2007), the fifth survey since 1978, retained c ...201223010623
pseudovirgaria, a fungicolous hyphomycete genus.the genus pseudovirgaria, based on p. hyperparasitica, was recently introduced for a mycoparasite of rust sori of various species of frommeëlla, pucciniastrum and phragmidium in korea. in the present study, an older name introduced by saccardo based on european material, rhinotrichum griseum, is shown to resemble p. hyperparasitica. morphological study and its barcodes from fresh collections of r. griseum from austria on uredinia and telia of phragmidium bulbosum on rubus spp. reveal that it is ...201122679589
the phenology of rubus fruticosus in ireland: herbarium specimens provide evidence for the response of phenophases to temperature, with implications for climate date, phenological research has provided evidence that climate warming is impacting both animals and plants, evidenced by the altered timing of phenophases. much of the evidence supporting these findings has been provided by analysis of historic records and present-day fieldwork; herbaria have been identified recently as an alternative source of phenological data. here, we used rubus specimens to evaluate herbaria as potential sources of phenological data for use in climate change research an ...201222382508
identification of cyanidin 3-o-β-(6″-(3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaroyl)glucoside) and other anthocyanins from wild and cultivated blackberries.anthocyanins from blackberries are natural dietary pigments. the aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of anthocyanins in fruits of wild norwegian blackberries and three blackberry ( rubus fruticosus l.) cultivars and to report the complete identification of cyanidin 3-o-β-(6″-(3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaroyl)glucopyranoside), 5. this new pigment is most probably the same pigment that has previously been reported to occur in various blackberry samples as cyanidin 3-dioxalylglucoside. a ...201121635009
membrane binding sites for the human blood group h-type 2 determinant, an inducer of laminarinase activity in protoplasts of rubus fruticosus l.the human blood-group determinants h-type 1 (α-l-fuc-(1 → 2)-β-d-gal-(1 → 3)β-d-glcnac), or type 2 (α-l-fuc(1 → 2)-β-d-gal(1 → 4)-β-d-glcnac) and their mono- and disaccharidic precursors, have been reported to induce d-glycanase (laminarinase) activity in rubus cells (y. liénart et al. 1990, plant science 68, 197-202) and protoplasts (y. liénart et al. 1991, plant science 77, 41-45). using immunoadsorbent h-type 1 as a matrix for the affinity purification of membrane proteins, and the h-type 2 t ...199224178382
structural features and biological activity of xyloglucans from suspension-cultured plant cells.different xyloglucan (xg) fractions were isolated from rubus fruticosus cells cultured in suspension. sequential extraction showed that two distinct xyloglucans existed in the primary walls. the first could be easily extracted in alkali and the second was tightly associated to cellulose. a third fraction was isolated from the extracellular polysaccharides of the culture medium. the alkali-soluble xg and the extracellular xg showed many structural features in common. by use of an anti-xg polyclon ...19921576212
burrowing, feeding, egestion and energy budgets of allolobophora rosea (savigny) (lumbricidae).allolobophora rosea (savigny) was found to be common in mull type soils beneath bramble (rubus fruticosus l.). burrow construction in this soil type in the laboratory at 4.4, 10.0 and 14.8°c ranged between 133 and 516 mm g-1 fresh wt of worm day-1. burrowing was affected by both body size and temperature. rates of soil displacement during burrowing were estimated from burrowing rates, burrow dimensions and soil density; depending on body size and temperature they were in the range 809-1,928 mg d ...197628308928
structural characterization by (13)c-nmr spectroscopy of products synthesized in vitro by polysaccharide synthases using (13)c-enriched glycosyl donors: application to a udp-glucose:(1-->3)-beta-d-glucan synthase from blackberry (rubus fruticosus).a simple and sensitive method for the characterization of products synthesized in vitro by polysaccharide synthases is described. it relies on the use of (13)c-enriched nucleotide sugars as substrates and on the analysis of the newly synthesized polysaccharides by (13)c-nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) spectroscopy. the method was validated with a (1-->3)-beta-d-glucan synthase from blackberry, but it may be applied to the study of any glycosyltransferase. the chemical synthesis of udp-d-[u-(13) ...200415159383
hyaluronidase inhibitory activity from the polyphenols in the fruit of blackberry (rubus fruticosus b.).the hyaluronidase inhibitory activity of different fractions obtained from aqueous extract of blackberry fruits was evaluated. we found that only fractions f3 and f7 inhibit the tested enzyme.200212490243
intraplant distribution of acalitus essigi (acari: eriophyoidea) on blackberries (rubus fruticosus agg.).specialised phytophagous arthropods often display high levels of specificity to particular sites on their host plant. in this paper we examine the occupation of microhabitats and aggregation patterns of the eriophyoid mite, acalitus essigi (hassan), on its host plant, european blackberry (rubus fruticosus l. aggregate), a plant that undergoes significant seasonal changes in its morphology. a. essigi was found to be a refuge inhabiting species. it resided in bud and leaf axil microhabitats on bot ...200112171272
in vitro versus in vivo cellulose microfibrils from plant primary wall synthases: structural differences.detergent extracts of microsomal fractions from suspension cultured cells of rubus fruticosus (blackberry) were tested for their ability to synthesize in vitro sizable quantities of cellulose from udp-glucose. both brij 58 and taurocholate were effective and yielded a substantial percentage of cellulose microfibrils together with (1-->3)-beta-d-glucan (callose). the taurocholate extracts, which did not require the addition of mg(2+), were the most efficient, yielding roughly 20% of cellulose. th ...200212145282
characterization of the binding of alpha-l-fuc (1-->2)-beta-d-gal (1-->), a xyloglucan signal, in blackberry protoplasts.previous work showed that the fucose-->galactose moiety of the xyloglucan nonasaccharide xxfg is responsable for its biological activity. we used this side chain of xxfg (alpha-l-fuc (1-->2)-beta-d-gal (1-->)) in ligand-binding experiments to demonstrate its role as a signal molecule in plant cells. proteins solubilized from plasma membrane enriched fractions isolated from rubus fruticosus protoplasts were tested for their ability to bind the side chain of xxfg, using a digoxigenin- or biotin-co ...200010808074
xyloglucan octasaccharide xxlgol derived from the seeds of hymenaea courbaril acts as a signaling moleculetreatment of the xyloglucan isolated from the seeds of hymenaea courbaril with humicola insolens endo-1,4-beta-d-glucanase i produced xyloglucan oligosaccharides, which were then isolated and characterized. the two most abundant compounds were the heptasaccharide (xxxg) and the octasaccharide (xxlg), which were examined by reference to the biological activity of other structurally related xyloglucan compounds. the reduced oligomer (xxlgol) was shown to promote growth of wheat (triticum aestivum) ...19989501133
two rhamnogalacturonide tetrasaccharides isolated from semi-retted flax fibers are signaling molecules in rubus fruticosus l. cells.water extraction of semi-retted flax (linum usitatissimum l.) fiber bundles yielded a mixture of pectic oligosaccharides and two acidic rhamnogalacturonide tetrasaccharides that were separated by size-exclusion chromatography. one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance studies and fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry experiments indicated that the two tetrasaccharides have a common primary structure, i.e. alpha-d-delta galpa(1-->2)-alpha-l- rhap(1-->4)-alpha-d-galpa-(1-->2)-l-alpha,b ...19979342877
changes in wall-bound polysaccharidase activities during the culture cycle of a rubus fruticosus cell suspension.several hydrolytic enzyme activities were detected in the wall of developing cells of rubus fruticosus in suspension culture. the corresponding substrates of the enzymes are mostly polysaccharide wall constituents, except for chitinase activity. the activities measured when the enzymes were in the free state or wall-bound showed the positive influence of the cell wall micro-environment. changes in the activities during a cell culture cycle demonstrated that those enzymes acting on xyloglucans be ...19958789344
application of dna fingerprinting to the taxonomy of european blackberry species.thousands of blackberry species (rubus subgenus rubus) have been described from central and northern europe. these species are usually polyploid and pseudogamous. since apomixis is only facultative, the species have retained the possibility to produce some offspring by sexual recombination. hybridization of restriction-enzyme-digested dna samples to the m13, (ac)/(tg) and 33.15 probes has yield valuable information on the occurrence and distribution of genetic variation in rubus. intraspecific v ...19958582363
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