host range, prevalence, and genetic diversity of adenoviruses in bats.bats are the second largest group of mammals on earth and act as reservoirs of many emerging viruses. in this study, a novel bat adenovirus (adv) (btadv-tjm) was isolated from bat fecal samples by using a bat primary kidney cell line. infection studies indicated that most animal and human cell lines are susceptible to btadv-tjm, suggesting a possible wide host range. genome analysis revealed 30 putative genes encoding proteins homologous to their counterparts in most known advs. phylogenetic ana ...201020089640
immunohistochemical evidence of cone-based ultraviolet vision in divergent bat species and implications for its evolution.we characterized fos-like expression patterns in the primary visual cortex (v1) by binocular flicking stimulation with uv light to investigate cone-based uv vision in four bat species representing four lineages: hipposideros armiger and scotophilus kuhlii, insectivores using constant frequency (cf) or frequency modulation (fm) echolocation, respectively, and rousettus leschenaultii and cynopterus sphinx, cave-roosting and tree-roosting fruit bats, respectively. the optic centre processing the vi ...201222269122
isolation and phylogenetic characterization of bat astroviruses in southern china.astroviruses are associated with acute gastroenteritis of human and many animal species. recently, two studies have reported that novel astroviruses were found in bats. in order to extensively understand the genetic and phylogenetic characterization of bat astroviruses, we tested fecal samples of nine bat species that were collected at four natural habitats in three areas of southern china. the geographic distributions of the bats involved differed from previous reports. three out of nine specie ...201121573690
nipah virus in lyle's flying foxes, cambodia.we conducted a survey in cambodia in 2000 on henipavirus infection among several bat species, including flying foxes, and persons exposed to these animals. among 1,072 bat serum samples tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, antibodies reactive to nipah virus (niv) antigen were detected only in pteropus lylei species; cynopterus sphinx, hipposideros larvatus, scotophilus kuhlii, chaerephon plicata, taphozous melanopogon, and t. theobaldi species were negative. seroneutralization applied on ...200516022778
linkages between chiropteran diversity and ecosystem services for sustainable fragmented forest conservation.this data article informs about chiropteran diversity, new records, ecosystem services and possible pathogen carriers in fragmented forests (sub-divided by utility corridors, man-made structures, untouched and secondary plantations) within districts setiu (setiu research station), hulu terengganu (saok and lasir waterfalls) and besut (gunung tebu forest reserve) of state terengganu, peninsular malaysia. these bats were captured using harp traps and mist nets that were set 10 m apart across flywa ...201830533456
ultrastructural hair morphology: a supplemental tool for species recognition in bats.mukesh kumar, yuvana s. priya, virendra mathur, harendra kumar, and vadamalai elangovan (2016) the ultrastructural hair morphology of 09 insectivorous bats such as pipistrellus coromandra, p. ceylonicus, scotophilus kuhlii, s. heathii, hipposideros fulvus, h. lankadiva, megaderma lyra, rhinopoma micorphyllum and r. hardwickii were examined through scanning electron microscope to validate the use of hair characteristics as supplemental taxonomic tools for species recognition. the results suggest ...201631966170
identification of diverse bat alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses in china provides new insights into the evolution and origin of coronavirus-related diseases.outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome (sars) in 2002, middle east respiratory syndrome in 2012 and fatal swine acute diarrhea syndrome in 2017 caused serious infectious diseases in humans and in livestock, resulting in serious public health threats and huge economic losses. all such coronaviruses (covs) were confirmed to originate from bats. to continuously monitor the epidemic-related covs in bats, virome analysis was used to classify covs from 831 bats of 15 species in yunnan, guangxi ...201931474969
viral metagenomics of six bat species in close contact with humans in southern china.accumulating studies have shown that bats could harbor various important pathogenic viruses that could be transmitted to humans and other animals. extensive metagenomic studies of different organs/tissues from bats have revealed a large number of novel or divergent viruses. to elucidate viral diversity and epidemiological and phylogenetic characteristics, six pooled fecal samples from bats were generated (based on bat species and geographic regions characteristic for virome analysis). these cont ...201828983731
postnatal growth and age estimation in scotophilus kuhlii.adequate postnatal growth is important for young bats to develop skilled sensory and locomotor abilities, which are highly associated with their survival once independent. this study investigated the postnatal growth and development of scotophilus kuhlii in captivity. an empirical growth curve was established, and the postnatal growth rate was quantified to derive an age-predictive equation. by further controlling the fostering conditions of twins, the differences in the development patterns bet ...201626600428
detection of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus and alphacoronavirus in the bat population of taiwan.bats have been demonstrated to be natural reservoirs of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (sars cov) and middle east respiratory syndrome (mers) cov. faecal samples from 248 individuals of 20 bat species were tested for partial rna-dependent rna polymerase gene of cov and 57 faecal samples from eight bat species were tested positive. the highest detection rate of 44% for scotophilus kuhlii, followed by 30% for rhinolophus monoceros. significantly higher detection rates of coronaviral ...201627178103
adaptive functional diversification of lysozyme in insectivorous bats.the role of gene duplication in generating new genes and novel functions is well recognized and is exemplified by the digestion-related protein lysozyme. in ruminants, duplicated chicken-type lysozymes facilitate the degradation of symbiotic bacteria in the foregut. chicken-type lysozyme has also been reported to show chitinase-like activity, yet no study has examined the molecular evolution of lysozymes in species that specialize on eating insects. insectivorous bats number over 900 species, an ...201425135943
gene structure and evolution of transthyretin in the order chiroptera.bats are mammals in the order chiroptera. although many extensive morphologic and molecular genetics analyses have been attempted, phylogenetic relationships of bats has not been completely resolved. the paraphyly of microbats is of particular controversy that needs to be confirmed. in this study, we attempted to use the nucleotide sequence of transthyretin (ttr) intron 1 to resolve the relationship among bats. to explore its utility, the complete sequences of ttr gene and intron 1 region of bat ...201626681450
detection and molecular characterization of cryptosporidium and eimeria species in philippine bats.the genus cryptosporidium, which is an obligate intracellular parasite, infects various vertebrates and causes a diarrheal disease known as cryptosporidiosis. bats are naturally infected with zoonotic pathogens; thus, they are potential reservoirs of parasites. we investigated the species and genotype distribution as well as prevalence of cryptosporidium and eimeria in philippine bats. we captured and examined 45 bats; four were positive for cryptosporidium spp. and seven were positive for eimer ...201626833326
molecular detection and phylogenetic characterization of bat and human adenoviruses in southern china.several novel adenoviruses (advs) have recently been identified in humans and other animal species. in this study, we report the molecular detection of and phylogenetically characterize bat and human advs detected in fecal or rectal swab samples collected in southern china. to detect advs, a 252-261 bp fragment of the dna polymerase (dpol) gene was amplified using nested pcr. a total of 520 rectal swab samples were collected from eight bat species in four geographic regions of southern china (gu ...201627057618
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