fine needle aspiration cytology of subcutaneous cysticercosis of the breast. case report and pathogenic discussion.a case of subcutaneous cysticercosis of the breast diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology is reported. the cytologic preparations showed the presence of many inflammatory cells mixed with spiked spherules resembling the rambutan tropical fruit. these spherules arose from the degenerated integument of the parasite found in the histologically excised cyst. they are suggestive of the presence of an encysted flat worm, but are not specific for cysticercosis, whose identification is based on th ...19892781970
monoterpene lactones from the seeds of nephelium lappaceum.dichloromethane extracts of the seeds of nephelium lappaceum afforded two new diastereomeric monoterpene lactones, 1 and 2, and the known butenolide siphonodin (3), as well as kaempferol 3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside-7-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranoside. compounds 1 and 2 represent a new monoterpene skeleton, and their structures were elucidated by extensive 1d and 2d nmr spectral data interpretation. antimicrobial testing was carried out on 1 and 2 against a panel of bacteria and fungi.200516180821
reversible storage of lithium in a rambutan-like tin-carbon electrode.fruity electrodes: a simple bottom-up self-assembly method was used to fabricate rambutan-like tin-carbon (sn@c) nanoarchitecture (see scheme, green sn) to improve the reversible storage of lithium in tin. the mechanism of the growth of the pear-like hairs is explored.200919156791
effect of lactobacillus plantarum and chitosan in the reduction of browning of pericarp rambutan (nephelium lappaceum).the effects of lactobacillus plantarum alone or in combination with chitosan were evaluated on quality and color retention in rambutan fruits (nephelium lappaceum) stored at 25 degrees c and 10 degrees c with 75+/-2.5% of relative humidity for 10 and 15 days, respectively. the development of the microorganisms was evidenced by viability analyses and lactic acid production. the application of l. plantarum significantly improved color retention (a* and l*), and reduced weight losses. the lactobaci ...200919376469
assessment of antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity of selected malaysian plants.thirteen malaysian plants; artocarpus champeden, azadirachta indica, fragaria x ananassa, garcinia mangostana, lawsonia inermis, mangifera indica, nephelium lappaceum, nephelium mutobile, peltophorum pterocarpum, psidium guajava and syzygium aqueum, selected for their use in traditional medicine, were subjected to a variety of assays. antioxidant capability, total phenolic content, elemental composition, as well as it cytotoxity to several cell lines of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts from di ...201020428033
genetic structure of the snakehead murrel, channa striata (channidae) based on the cytochrome c oxidase subunit i gene: influence of historical and geomorphological factors.nucleotide sequences of a partial cytochrome c oxidase subunit i gene were used to assess the manner in which historical processes and geomorphological effects may have influenced genetic structuring and phylogeographic patterns in channa striata. assaying was based on individuals from twelve populations in four river systems, which were separated into two regions, the eastern and western, of the biodiversely rich state of perak in central peninsular malaysia. in 238 specimens, a total of 368-bp ...201121637559
novel green synthetic strategy to prepare zno nanocrystals using rambutan (nephelium lappaceum l.) peel extract and its antibacterial the present investigation, we report a sustainable novel green synthetic strategy to synthesis zinc oxide nanocrystals. this is the first report on sustainable biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanocrystals employing nephelium lappaceum l., peel extract as a natural ligation agent. green synthesis of zinc oxide nanocrystals was carried out via zinc-ellagate complex formation using rambutan peel wastes. the successful formation of zinc oxide nanocrystals was confirmed employing standard characterisat ...201424907732
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as a major allergen in rambutan-induced anaphylaxis. 201121624762
controllable synthesis of organic-inorganic hybrid moox/polyaniline nanowires and nanotubes.a novel chemical oxidative polymerization approach has been proposed for the controllable preparation of organic-inorganic hybrid moo(x)/polyaniline (pani) nanocomposites based on the nanowire precursor of mo(3)o(10)(c(6)h(8)n)(2)·2h(2)o with sub-nanometer periodic structures. the nanotubes, nanowires, and rambutan-like nanoparticles of moo(x)/pani were successfully obtained through simply modulating the ph values to 2.5-3.5, ˜2.0 and ˜1.0, respectively. through systematic physicochemical charac ...201121268149
controllable synthesis of organic-inorganic hybrid moo(x)/polyaniline nanowires and nanotubes.a novel chemical oxidative polymerization approach has been proposed for the controllable preparation of organic-inorganic hybrid moo(x)/polyaniline (pani) nanocomposites based on the nanowire precursor of mo(3)o(10)(c(6)h(8)n)(2)⋅2 h(2)o with sub-nanometer periodic structures. the nanotubes, nanowires, and rambutan-like nanoparticles of moo(x)/pani were successfully obtained through simply modulating the ph values to 2.5-3.5, ≈2.0 and ≈1.0, respectively. through systematic physicochemical chara ...201121229514
identification of major phenolic compounds from nephelium lappaceum l. and their antioxidant activities.nephelium lappaceum is a tropical fruit whose peel possesses antioxidant properties. experiments on the isolation and identification of the active constituents were conducted, and on their antioxidant activity using a lipid peroxidation inhibition assay. the methanolic extract of n. lappaceum peels exhibited strong antioxidant properties. sephadex lh-20 chromatography was utilized in the isolation of each constituent and the antioxidant properties of each was studied. the isolated compounds were ...201020335993
field suppression of the invasive ant wasmannia auropunctata (hymenoptera: formicidae) in a tropical fruit orchard in hawaii.the little fire ant, wasmannia auropunctata (roger) (hymenoptera: formicidae), is an invasive ant that forms supercolonies when it successfully invades new areas. w. auropunctata was first reported in hawaii in 1999, and it has since invaded a variety of agricultural sites, including nurseries, orchards, and pastures. amdro (hydramethylnon; in bait stations), esteem (pyriproxyfen; broadcast bait), and conserve (spinosad; ground spray) were tested for their efficacy against w. auropunctata in a r ...200818767711
malaria in tree crop plantations in south-eastern and western provinces of thailand.during the past three decades almost half of the existing natural tropical forests in thailand were destroyed and replaced by cash crops, rubber, coffee, fruit orchards (durian, rambutan, mangosteen) and other commercial plantations. in order to determine the proportion of malaria cases contracted from such commercial plantations, an epidemiological study was conducted between june 1996 to may 1997 in two districts, one in pong nam ron, located in a south-eastern province near the cambodian bord ...199910774642
pichia sporocuriosa sp. nov., a new yeast isolated from rambutan.a strain of a hitherto undescribed yeast species with a unique ascospore morphology was isolated from rambutan (nephelium lappaceum). a description of the new species, pichia sporocuriosa, is given.200010696876
modifications of allergenicity linked to food technologies.the prevalence of food allergies (fa) has increased over the past fifteen years. the reasons suggested are changes in dietary behaviour and the evolution of food technologies. new cases of fa have been described with chayote, rambutan, arguta, pumpkin seeds, custard apple, and with mycoproteins from fusarium.... additives using food proteins are at high risk: caseinates, lysozyme, cochineal red, papaïn, alpha-amylase, lactase etc. heating can reduce allergenicity or create neo-allergens, as well ...19989503097
fatty acid synthase inhibitors from the hulls of nephelium lappaceum l.natural products inhibiting fatty acid synthase (fas) are appearing as potential therapeutic agents to treat cancer and obesity. the bioassay-guided chemical investigation of the hulls of nephelium lappaceum l. resulted in the isolation of ten compounds (1-10) mainly including flavonoids and oleane-type triterpene oligoglycosides, in which all of the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. additionally, compounds 8 and 9 were new hederagenin derivatives and were elucidated as ...201121605850
prooxidant/antioxidant ratio (proantidex) as a better index of net free radical scavenging potential.the antioxidant activity of several malaysian plant extracts was analyzed simultaneously with their pro-oxidant capacity. this ratio represents an index (proantidex) of the net free radical scavenging ability of whole plant extracts. we observed that ethanolic extracts of nephelium lappaceum peel, fragaria x ananassa leaf, lawsonia inermis leaf, syzygium aqueum leaf and grape seed had a lower pro-antidex than the commercially available emblica™ extract which is an antioxidant agent with very low ...201021060296
education and imaging. gastrointestinal: germinating rambutan seed in the esophagus. 200717295884
comparative content of total polyphenols and dietary fiber in tropical fruits and persimmon.recent studies have shown that dietary fiber and polyphenols of vegetables and fruits improve lipid metabolism and prevent the oxidation of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (ldl-c), which hinder the development of atherosclerosis. the goal of this study was to measure the total polyphenol and dietary fiber contents of some tropical fruits (i.e., pineapple, wax apple, rambutan, lichi, guava, and mango) and compare the results to the content of these substances in the better characterized persi ...199915539312
characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (nephelium lappaceum l.).the volatile compounds from the red-skinned cultivar of rambutan, jitlee (nephelium lappaceuml.), a tropical fruit native to southeast asia, were extracted using both freon 113 and ethyl acetate solvents. isolation and characterization of odor-active compounds present in the fruit were mediated by gas chromatography/olfactory (gc/o), chromatography, and spectrometry. authentic standards were used to determine mass spectral, retention index, and odor match. of over 100 volatiles detected by gc/ms ...199810554286
postprandial glucose and insulin responses to various tropical fruits of equivalent carbohydrate content in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.the plasma glucose and insulin responses were determined in 10 niddm female patients following the ingestion of tropical fruit containing 25 g of carbohydrate. the five tropical fruits were pineapple, mango, banana, durian and rambutan. blood was drawn at 0, 30, 60, 120 and 180 min, respectively. the results showed that the glucose-response curves to mango and banana were significantly less than those to rambutan, durian and pineapple (p less than 0.05). only the glucose area after mango ingesti ...19911756683
two endogenous substrates for polyphenoloxidase in pericarp tissues of postharvest rambutan fruit.the catalytic oxidation of phenolic substrates by polyphenoloxidase (ppo) causes pericarp browning of postharvest rambutan fruit. in the present study, ppo and its endogenous substrates were extracted from rambutan pericarp tissues (rpt). the substrate extracts were sequentially partitioned with ethyl acetate and n-butanol. the analysis of total phenolic content showed that the most phenolic compounds were distributed in ethyl acetate fraction. by high-performance liquid chromatography (hplc), ( ...201020722899
personal and domestic hygiene and its relationship to the incidence of diarrhoea in south sumatera.the association of risk factors and diarrhoeal disease incidence among children less than 3 years of age in district rambutan, south sumatera, was investigated by a 20-week case-control study of 48 households with a high incidence of diarrhoeal diseases and 111 households with low incidence. among sociodemographic characteristics, television ownership had a significant negative association with diarrhoeal disease incidence (odds ratio [or] 3.22). the hygiene behaviour significantly associated wi ...19948089455
current trends of tropical fruit waste utilization.recent rapid growth of the world's population has increased food demands. this phenomenon poses a great challenge for food manufacturers in maximizing the existing food or plant resources. nowadays, the recovery of health benefit bioactive compounds from fruit wastes is a research trend not only to help minimize the waste burden, but also to meet the intensive demand from the public for phenolic compounds which are believed to have protective effects against chronic diseases. this review is focu ...201627246698
post-dispersal seed removal by ground-feeding rodents in tropical peatlands, central kalimantan, indonesia.forested tropical peatlands in southeast asia are being rapidly converted to agriculture or degraded into non-forest vegetation. although large areas have been abandoned, there is little evidence for subsequent forest recovery. as part of a study of forest degradation and recovery, we used seed removal experiments and rodent surveys to investigate the potential role of post-dispersal seed predation in limiting the regeneration of woody plants. two 14-day seed removal trials were done in deforest ...201526369444
fungal planet description sheets: 469-557.novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: australia: apiognomonia lasiopetali on lasiopetalum sp., blastacervulus eucalyptorum on eucalyptus adesmophloia, bullanockia australis (incl. bullanockia gen. nov.) on kingia australis, caliciopsis eucalypti on eucalyptus marginata, celerioriella petrophiles on petrophile teretifolia, coleophoma xanthosiae on xanthosia rotundifolia, coniothyrium hakeae on hakea sp., diatrypella banksiae on banksia for ...201628232766
dolabra nepheliae on rambutan and lychee represents a novel lineage of phytopathogenic eurotiomycetes.rambutan (nephelium lappaceum) and lychee (litchi chinensis) are tropical trees in the sapindaceae that produce delicious edible fruits and are increasingly cultivated in tropical regions. these trees are afflicted with a stem canker disease associated with the ascomycete dolabra nepheliae. previously known from asia and australia, this fungus was recently reported from hawaii and puerto rico. the sexual and asexual states of dolabra nepheliae are redescribed and illustrated. in addition, the it ...201020802819
investigation of fruit peel extracts as sources for compounds with antioxidant and antiproliferative activities against human cell lines.the aim of this study was to evaluate antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity against human cell lines of fruit peel extracts from rambutan, mangosteen and coconut. the highest antioxidant activity was found from rambutan peel crude extract where the highest radical scavenging capacity via abts assay was from its ethyl acetate fraction with a teac value of 23.0mm/mg and the highest ferric ion reduction activity via frap assay was from its methanol fraction with an ec value of 20.2mm/mg. importantl ...201020510336
composition, phase behavior and thermal stability of natural edible fat from rambutan (nephelium lappaceum l.) this paper, the chemical composition, the main physicochemical properties, phase behavior and thermal stability of rambutan (nephelium lappaceum l.) seed fat were studied. these results showed that the almond-like decorticated seed represents 6.1% of the wet weight fruit and is: 1.22% ash, 7.80% protein, 11.6% crude fiber, 46% carbohydrates, and 33.4% fat (d.b.). the main fatty acids in the drupe fat were 40.3% oleic, 34.5% arachidic, 6.1% palmitic, 7.1% stearic, 6.3% gondoic, and 2.9% beheni ...201019748264
field infestation of rambutan fruits by internal-feeding pests in hawaii.more than 47,000 mature fruits of nine different varieties of rambutan (nephelium lappaceum l.) were harvested from orchards in hawaii to assess natural levels of infestation by tephritid fruit flies and other internal feeding pests. additionally, harvested, mature fruits of seven different rambutan varieties were artificially infested with eggs or first-instars of mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata (wiedemann), or oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (hendel) (diptera: tephritidae) ...200010902340
inhibitory effects of indonesian medicinal plants on the infection of herpes simplex virus type 1.water and methanol extracts of 30 traditional medicinal plants, collected in indonesia, were tested for their anti hsv-1 activity. the extracts of eight plant species showed potent activity on the plaque assay at a concentration of 100 micrograms/ml. the therapeutic efficacy of seven selected plants was demonstrated by using a mouse hsv-1 infection assay, both the methanol extracts of the fruit of melaleuca leucadendron (myrtaceae) and the pericarp of nephelium lappaceum (sapindaceae) significan ...199910189948
anaphylaxis after initial ingestion of rambutan, a tropical fruit. 19989679859
community perceptions on diarrheal diseases: a case study in swampy lowland area of south sumatra, indonesia. the diarrheal diseases research and training study group.four investigators conducted participative observation at 4 hamlets, representing 4 typical topography in the area, wet or dry near the river and wet or dry far from the river, in district rambutan, south sumatera province, indonesia from july 1988 up until february 1989 to study the community perception and practices on diarrheal diseases (dd). the observation was supported by focus group discussions and informal interviews. it was found that the causes of dd can be grouped into: dirty water; w ...19911852467
potent inhibition by star fruit of human cytochrome p450 3a (cyp3a) activity.there has been very limited information on the capacities of tropical fruits to inhibit human cytochrome p450 3a (cyp3a) activity. thus, the inhibitory effects of tropical fruits on midazolam 1'-hydroxylase activity of cyp3a in human liver microsomes were evaluated. eight tropical fruits such as common papaw, dragon fruit, kiwi fruit, mango, passion fruit, pomegranate, rambutan, and star fruit were tested. we also examined the inhibition of cyp3a activity by grapefruit (white) and valencia orang ...200415155547
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