serological relationships of some virus isolated from sour cherry using antisera from mice and rabbits. 19695799568
development of microsatellite markers in peach [ prunus persica (l.) batsch] and their use in genetic diversity analysis in peach and sweet cherry ( prunus avium l.).we report the sequence of 41 primer pairs of microsatellites from a ct-enriched genomic library of the peach cultivar 'merrill o'henry'. ten microsatellite-containing clones had sequences similar to plant coding sequences in databases and could be used as markers for known functions. for microsatellites segregating at least in one of the two prunus f(2) progenies analyzed, it was possible to demonstrate mendelian inheritance. microsatellite polymorphism was evaluated in 27 peach and 21 sweet che ...200212582570
cloning, expression, and characterization of sorbitol transporters from developing sour cherry fruit and leaf sink tissues.the acyclic polyol sorbitol is a primary photosynthetic product and the principal photosynthetic transport substance in many economically important members of the family rosaceace (e.g. almond [prunus dulcis (p. mill.) d.a. webber], apple [malus pumila p. mill.], cherry [prunus spp.], peach [prunus persica l. batsch], and pear [pyrus communis]). to understand key steps in long-distance transport and particularly partitioning and accumulation of sorbitol in sink tissues, we have cloned two sorbit ...200312692316
[antioxidants and oxidative stress].oxidative damage is related to the development of several diseases. an improved antioxidant defence may therefore protect against these diseases. recent studies have demonstrated that dietary plants contain several hundred different antioxidants.200415229712
activity of prunus necrotic ring spot virus in pollen of sour cherry. 19675590022
heme oxygenase-1-related carbon monoxide and flavonoids in ischemic/reperfused rat retina.there is increasing evidence to show cytoprotective effects of various flavonoid-rich extracts and the tissue-protective capacity of flavonoid-rich extract of sour cherry is due to flavonoid components of seeds. sour cherry seed flavonoids were evaluated for their contribution to postischemic recovery related to endogenous carbon monoxide (co) production in rat retinas subjected to ischemia/reperfusion.200415452083
transgenic or plant expression vector-mediated recombination of plum pox virus.different mutants of an infectious full-length clone (p35ppv-nat) of plum pox virus (ppv) were constructed: three mutants with mutations of the assembly motifs rq and df in the coat protein gene (cp) and two cp chimeras with exchanges in the cp core region of zucchini yellow mosaic virus and potato virus y. the assembly mutants were restricted to single infected cells, whereas the ppv chimeras were able to produce systemic infections in nicotiana benthamiana plants. after passages in different t ...200010906199
[synthesis of 2,3-dihydro-wogonin-7-mono-beta-d-glucoside, a new glycoside from prunus cerasus l]. 19695794437
molecular characterization of three non-functional s-haplotypes in sour cherry (prunus cerasus).tetraploid sour cherry (prunus cerasus) exhibits a genotype-dependent loss of gametophytic self-incompatibility that is caused by the accumulation of non-functional s-haplotypes with disrupted pistil component (stylar-s) and/or pollen component (pollen-s) function. genetic studies using diverse sour cherry germplasm identified non-functional s-haplotypes for which an equivalent wild-type s-haplotype was present in sweet cherry (prunus avium), a diploid progenitor of sour cherry. in all cases, th ...200616915517
evaluation of the glycoside hydrolase activity of a brettanomyces strain on glycosides from sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) used in the production of special fruit beers.the glycoside hydrolase activity of saccharomyces cerevisiae and brettanomyces custersii was examined on sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) glycosides with bound volatile compounds. refermentations by the beta-glucosidase-negative s. cerevisiae strains ld25 and ld40 of sour cherry juice-supplemented beer demonstrated only a moderate increase of volatiles. in contrast, the beta-glucosidase-positive b. custersii strain ld72 showed a more pronounced activity towards glycosides with aliphatic alcohols, ...200818673394
determination of antioxidant effects of some plant species wild growing in this study, the antioxidant activity of 50% aqueous methanol extracts of crataegus tanacetifolia (lam.) pers, crataegus bornmuelleri zaberi, crataegus orientalis pall. ex m.bieb. var. orientalis, crataegus szovitsii pojark, crataegus curvisepala lindm., crataegus monogyna jacq. subsp. monogyna, crataegus monogyna jacq.subsp. azarella (gris.) franco, crataegus micophylla c.koch, rosa foetida herrm., rosa hemisphaerica j.herrm., rosa pulverulenta m.bieb., rosa canina l., rubus discolor weihe & ...200819382350
improved antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential in mice consuming sour cherry juice (prunus cerasus cv. maraska).the present investigation tested the in vivo antioxidant efficacy (superoxide dismutase, sod; catalase, cat; glutathione peroxidase; gpx), lipid peroxidation (lpo) and anti-inflammatory properties (cyclooxygenase-2; cox-2) of sour cherry juices obtained from an autochthonous cultivar (prunus cerasus cv. maraska) that is grown in coastal parts of croatia. antioxidant potential was tested in mouse tissue (blood, liver, and brain), lpo (liver, brain) and anti-inflammatory properties in glycogen eli ...200919763832
a study of ethylene in apple, red raspberry, and cherry.high ethylene levels were associated with flower abscission in apple (malus sylvestris) and cherry (prunus avium and prunus cerasus), "june drop" of immature cherries, and harvest drop of apple and red raspberry (rubus idaeus). however, an increase in ethylene content was not associated with june drop of apples and harvest drop of cherries. during the period of fruit ripening on the plant, the largest increases in ethylene occurred in apple flesh and red raspberry receptacular tissue. ethylene r ...197216658013
cherry.agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of sour chgahtvy (prunus cerasus l.) "montmorency" and sweet cherry rootstocks "gisela 6" and "gisela 7" (p. cerasus × p. canescens) is described. briefly, leaf explants from in vitro shoots are cocultivated with a. tumefaciens either directly (for "gisela 6" and "gisela 7") or after pretreatment (for "montmorency") on cocultivation medium; selection and regeneration of transformed shoots are carried out on selection medium containing 50 mg/l kan ...201525416255
the occurrence of nitrate reductase in leaves of prunus species.nitrate reductase was found in leaves of apricot prunus armeniaca, sour cherry p. cerasus, sweet cherry p. avium, and plum p. domestica, but not in peach p. persica, from trees grown in sand culture receiving a nitrate containing nutrient solution. nitrate was found in the leaves of all species. nitrate and nitrate reductase were found in leaves of field-grown apricot, sour cherry, and plum trees. the enzyme-extracting medium contained insoluble polyvinylpyrrolidone, and including dithiothreitol ...197216658037
fruits and vegetables protect against the genotoxicity of heterocyclic aromatic amines activated by human xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes expressed in immortal mammalian cells.heterocyclic aromatic amines (haas) can be formed during the cooking of meat and fish at elevated temperatures and are associated with an increased risk for cancer. on the other hand, epidemiological findings suggest that foods rich in fruits and vegetables can protect against cancer. in the present study three teas, two wines, and the juices of 15 fruits and 11 vegetables were investigated for their protective effect against the genotoxic effects of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (iq) ...201020713174
the study and analysis of the mating behavior and sound production of male cicada psalmocharias alhageos (kol.) (homoptera:cicadidae) to make disruption in mating.psalmocharias alhageos is an important pest of vine in most parts of iran, afghanistan, pakistan, southern areas of russia, turkey and iraq. this cicada is spread in most provinces in iran such as esfahan, hamedan, qazvin, markazi, lorestan, qom, kerman, tehran and kordestan. in addition to vine, this insect damages some other fruit trees, such as apple, sour cherry, quince, peach, pomegranate and pear trees and some non-fruit trees, namely white poplar, ash, elm, eglantine, silk and black popla ...200819266919
engineering cherry rootstocks with resistance to prunus necrotic ring spot virus through rnai-mediated silencing.prunus necrotic ringspot virus (pnrsv) is a major pollen-disseminated ilarvirus that adversely affects many prunus species. in this study, an rna interference (rnai) vector part27-pnrsv containing an inverted repeat (ir) region of pnrsv was transformed into two hybrid (triploid) cherry rootstocks, 'gisela 6' (gi 148-1) and 'gisela 7'(gi 148-8)', which are tolerant and sensitive, respectively, to pnrsv infection. one year after inoculation with pnrsv plus prune dwarf virus, nontransgenic 'gisela ...201323521804
cardioprotective mechanisms of prunus cerasus (sour cherry) seed extract against ischemia-reperfusion-induced damage in isolated rat hearts.the effects of kernel extract obtained from sour cherry (prunus cerasus) seed on the postischemic cardiac recovery were studied in isolated working rat hearts. rats were treated with various daily doses of the extract for 14 days, and hearts were then isolated and subjected to 30 min of global ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion. the incidence of ventricular fibrillation (vf) and tachycardia (vt) fell from their control values of 92% and 100% to 50% (not significant) and 58% (not signifi ...200616617126
sweet and sour cherry phenolics and their protective effects on neuronal cells.the identification of phenolics from various cultivars of fresh sweet and sour cherries and their protective effects on neuronal cells were comparatively evaluated in this study. phenolics in cherries of four sweet and four sour cultivars were extracted and analyzed for total phenolics, total anthocyanins, and their antineurodegenerative activities. total phenolics in sweet and sour cherries per 100 g ranged from 92.1 to 146.8 and from 146.1 to 312.4 mg gallic acid equivalents, respectively. tot ...200516366675
'kwanzan stunting' syndrome: detection and molecular characterization of an italian isolate of little cherry virus 1.evident stunting was observed for the first time on prunus serrulata 'kwanzan' indicator trees in southern italy during the indexing of two sour cherry accessions from cultivars 'marasca di verona' and 'spanska'. bud break and shooting were delayed and the developing leaves remained small. during the third year many kwanzan plants died, regardless of the indexed cultivar. electrophoretic analysis showed the presence of dsrna pattern in extracts of stunted kwanzan with a similar size to that of v ...200919463722
arabidopsis polyol transporter5, a new member of the monosaccharide transporter-like superfamily, mediates h+-symport of numerous substrates, including myo-inositol, glycerol, and ribose.six genes of the arabidopsis thaliana monosaccharide transporter-like (mst-like) superfamily share significant homology with polyol transporter genes previously identified in plants translocating polyols (mannitol or sorbitol) in their phloem (celery [apium graveolens], common plantain [plantago major], or sour cherry [prunus cerasus]). the physiological role and the functional properties of this group of proteins were unclear in arabidopsis, which translocates sucrose and small amounts of raffi ...200415598803
relative inhibition of lipid peroxidation, cyclooxygenase enzymes, and human tumor cell proliferation by natural food colors.the most abundant water soluble natural food colors are betacyanins and anthocyanins. similarly, lycopene, bixin, beta-carotene, and chlorophyll are water insoluble colors. pure betanin, bixin, lycopene, chlorophyll, beta-carotene, and cyanidin-3-o-glucoside were isolated from beta vulgaris, bixa orellana,lycopersicum esculentum, spinacia oleracea, daucus carrota, and prunus cerasus, respectively. these natural pigments, alone and in combination, were evaluated for their relative potencies again ...200516277432
a systematic screening of total antioxidants in dietary plants.a predominantly plant-based diet reduces the risk for development of several chronic diseases. it is often assumed that antioxidants contribute to this protection, but results from intervention trials with single antioxidants administered as supplements quite consistently do not support any benefit. because dietary plants contain several hundred different antioxidants, it would be useful to know the total concentration of electron-donating antioxidants (i.e., reductants) in individual items. suc ...200211880572
degradation products of cyanidin glycosides from tart cherries and their bioactivities.the bioactive anthocyanins present in tart cherries, prunus cerasus l. (rosaceae) cv. balaton, are cyanidin 3-glucosylrutinoside (1), cyanidin 3-rutinoside (2), and cyanidin 3-glucoside (3). cyanidin (4) is the major anthocyanidin in tart cherries. in our continued evaluation of the in vivo and in vitro efficacy of these anthocyanins to prevent inflammation and colon cancer, we have added these compounds to mccoy's 5a medium in an effort to identify their degradation products during in vitro cel ...200111600045
nucleotide sequence of the putative replicase gene of the sour cherry strain of plum pox potyvirus.the complete nucleotide sequence of the nib coding region of the sour cherry strain of plum pox potyvirus (ppv-soc) has been determined. it consists of 1554 nucleotides and encodes a putative replicase protein of 518 amino acids. sequence identity scores between nib of ppv-soc and other isolates of ppv are significantly low (c. 78%). many of the nucleotide substitutions, however, are silent. ppv-soc differs from isolates of ppv-d, ppv-m and ppv-e1 amar at multiple amino acid positions that are c ...19989856106
a small-scale procedure for extracting nucleic acids from woody plants infected with various phytopathogens for pcr assay.the complexity of most nucleic acid extraction procedures limits the number of samples that can be easily processed for analysis by polymerase chain reaction (pcr). a simple, small-scale procedure was developed which can be carried out entirely in 1.5-ml microfuge tubes whereby the container and contents are frozen with liquid nitrogen, tissue is pulverized, and targeted nucleic acids are extracted. dna of bacterial and phytoplasmal plant pathogens was extracted in hot ctab buffer followed by ch ...19989628220
specific oligonucleotide primers for the direct detection of plum pox potyvirus-cherry subgroup.a specific polymerase chain reaction assay was developed for direct identification of the distinct subgroup of plum pox potyvirus (ppv) isolates from cherry trees (ppv-cherry, ppv-c) and its differentiation from other known subgroups of ppv. the specificity of the assay is based on using a pair of primers whose nucleotide sequences are located on the coat protein gene of ppv-sour cherry (soc) at regions of high nucleotide divergence between ppv-soc and other isolates of ppv. the technique will b ...19989562418
curative activity of insecticides against plum curculio (coleoptera: curculionidae) in tart cherries.tart cherry, prunus cerasus l. variety montmorency, fruit were infested with plum curculio, conotrachelus nenuphar (herbst) (coleoptera: curculionidae), and treated with insecticides to target late instars, neonates, and eggs. the organophosphates azinphos-methyl and phosmet and the neonicotinoid thiamethoxam reduced larval emergence rates by >90% for all life stage targets; after >30 d, few surviving larvae were found inside fruit. acetamiprid and thiacloprid also had curative activity and yiel ...200919886451
[analytic and biological standardization of prunus avium extracts].novicardine, the acetonic extract of p. avium peduncle which has advantageous cardiotonic effect, was standardized chemically and biologically. flavonones, flavones, isoflavones and their glycosides were (methanolbuffer solution eluent, gradient elution) detected by reverse phase hplc technique. it has been found that substances produced from different varieties of cherry peduncle originated from various lands, have the same components and their ratios are similar, but a contradictory statement ...19921442096
a chimeric plum pox virus shows reduced spread and cannot compete with its parental wild-type viruses in a mixed infection.the effect of a recombination event in the genomic 3' end on the biological properties and competitiveness of plum pox virus (ppv) was investigated. therefore, a fragment spanning the coat protein (cp) coding region and a part of the 3' non-translated region of a non-aphid-transmissible strain of ppv (ppv-nat) was replaced by the corresponding region of a ppv sour cherry isolate (ppv-soc). the resulting chimera (ppv-nat/soc) caused severe symptoms in nicotiana benthamiana, resembling those of pp ...200717872539
influence of phosphate compounds on certain fungi and their preservative effects on fresh cherry fruit (prunus cerasus, l.).studies were conducted to ascertain the retarding effects of four phosphate compounds (sodium hexametaphosphate, sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium tetraphosphate, and tetrasodium pyrophosphate) on molding of fresh cherries (prunus cerasus, l.). in vitro studies on their antimycotic effects against the most common fungal spoilers, penicillium expansum, rhizopus nigricans, and botrytis sp., were also carried out. sodium tetraphosphate appeared to be the most effective compound in preserving cherries ...19684295176
detection and partial molecular characterization of atypical plum pox virus isolates from naturally infected sour cherry.atypical isolates of plum pox virus (ppv) were discovered in naturally infected sour cherry in urban ornamental plantings in moscow, russia. the isolates were detected by polyclonal double antibody sandwich elisa and rt-pcr using universal primers specific for the 3'-non-coding and coat protein (cp) regions of the genome but failed to be recognized by triple antibody sandwich elisa with the universal monoclonal antibody 5b and by rt-pcr using primers specific to for ppv strains d, m, c and w. se ...201323404462
characterization of sour cherry isolates of plum pox virus from the volga basin in russia reveals a new cherry strain of the virus.plum pox virus (ppv) is the causal agent of sharka, the most detrimental virus disease of stone fruit trees worldwide. ppv isolates have been assigned into seven distinct strains, of which ppv-c regroups the genetically distinct isolates detected in several european countries on cherry hosts. here, three complete and several partial genomic sequences of ppv isolates from sour cherry trees in the volga river basin of russia have been determined. the comparison of complete genome sequences has sho ...201323581702
determination of melatonin and its isomer in foods by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.this study aimed to develop a reliable analytical method for the determination of melatonin and its isomers in various food products. the method entails ethanol extraction of solid samples (or dilution of liquid samples) prior to liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadruple mass spectrometry (lc-ms/ms) analysis of target analytes. the method was in-house validated and successfully applied to various food matrices. recovery of melatonin from different matrices were found to be 86.0 ± 3.6%, 7 ...201424491714
the complete nucleotide sequence of plum pox virus isolates from sweet (ppv-swc) and sour (ppv-soc) cherry and their taxonomic relationships within the species.plum pox virus (ppv) sweet (swc) and sour (soc) cherry isolates were the first ppv isolates to be recovered from natural infection in sweet and sour cherry plants, respectively. their complete nucleotide sequences have been determined finding a deduced genome organisation typical for ppv species. both genomes are 9795 nucleotides long, excluding the 3' terminal poly(a) tail, and contain an open reading frame of 9432 nt, encoding a polyprotein of 3143 amino acids. the nucleotide and predicted ami ...200314579174
patterns of low temperature induced accumulation of dehydrins in rosaceae crops-evidence for post-translational modification in apple.important crop plants of rosaceae family are often damaged during winter due to the lack of acclimation and cold hardiness. one of the cellular responses of plants to cold stress is the accumulation of dehydrin proteins. we studied the expression of dehydrins in several rosaceae species during low temperature treatment in vitro. microshoots of pyrus communis, malus×domestica, fragaria vesca, fragaria×ananassa, prunus cerasus and prunus avium cultivars were grown in low temperature conditions. ge ...201728886453
new highly divergent plum pox virus isolates infecting sour cherry in russia.unusual plum pox virus (ppv) isolates (named tat isolates) were discovered on sour cherry (prunus cerasus) in russia. they failed to be recognized by rt-pcr using commonly employed primers specific to the strains c or cr (the only ones that proved able to infect sour cherry) as well as to the strains m and w. some of them can be detected by rt-pcr using the ppv-d-specific primers p1/pd or by tas-elisa with the ppv-c-specific monoclonal antibody ac. phylogenetic analysis of the 3'-terminal genomi ...201728006670
molecular analysis of east anatolian traditional plum and cherry accessions using ssr markers.we conducted ssr analyses of 59 accessions, including 29 traditional plum (prunus domestica), 24 sweet cherry (prunus avium), and 1 sour cherry (prunus cerasus) selected from east anatolian gene sources and 3 plum and 2 cherry reference accessions for molecular characterization and investigation of genetic relationships. eight ssr loci [1 developed from the apricot (udap-404), 4 from the peach (udp96-010, udp96-001, udp96-019, pchgms1) and 3 from the cherry (ucd-ch13, ucd-ch17, ucd-ch31) genome] ...201324301792
cell number regulator genes in prunus provide candidate genes for the control of fruit size in sweet and sour cherry.striking increases in fruit size distinguish cultivated descendants from small-fruited wild progenitors for fleshy fruited species such as solanum lycopersicum (tomato) and prunus spp. (peach, cherry, plum, and apricot). the first fruit weight gene identified as a result of domestication and selection was the tomato fw2.2 gene. members of the fw2.2 gene family in corn (zea mays) have been named cnr (cell number regulator) and two of them exert their effect on organ size by modulating cell number ...201323976873
measurement of antioxidant activity and antioxidant compounds under versatile extraction conditions: ii. the immuno-biochemical antioxidant properties of black sour cherry (prunus cerasus) extracts.retrospectively, we have measured the antioxidant activity and a variety of antioxidant compounds under versatile extraction conditions of sweet cherry (prunus avium) extracts. further in this study, in order to understand the biochemical constituents and antioxidant activities of a variety of extracts of black sour cherries (p. cerasus), a related species, antioxidant compounds, including l-ascorbic acid (vitamin c), phenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, and the total antioxidant activity were ...201323651230
polyphenol patterns to trace sweet (prunus avium) and tart (prunus cerasus) varieties in cherry jam.the aim of this work was to assess whether the characteristic polyphenol traits of cherry biotypes persisted in thermally processed cherry products, such as jam. thus, the rp-hplc-diode array detector profiles of both colorless polyphenols and anthocyanins from three cherry varieties (two sweet and one tart cherry) were compared with those of low-sugar jam sourced from the same cultivars. individual components were characterized by mass spectrometry. the total phenolic and total anthocyanin cont ...201728740288
physicochemical characterisation of four cherry species (prunus spp.) grown in china.the physicochemical characteristics of four cherry species (prunus avium, prunus cerasus, prunus pseudocerasus and prunus tomentosa) were evaluated. inter-species variability was greater than intra-species differences. glucose and fructose were the main sugars, and malic acid was the main organic acid in all species. combining hplc-dad and lc-esi-ms/ms technologies, total 25 phenolic components were preliminarily identified. p. avium was characterised by high fruit weight, edible proportion, sug ...201525466099
transformation of montmorency sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) and gisela 6 (p. cerasus x p. canescens) cherry rootstock mediated by agrobacterium tumefaciens.sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) scion cv. montmorency and rootstock cv. gisela 6 (p. cerasus x p. canescens) were transformed using agrobacterium tumefaciens strain eha105:pbisn1 carrying the neomycin phosphotransferase gene (nptii) and an intron interrupted ss-glucuronidase (gus) reporter gene (gusa). whole leaf explants were co-cultivated with a. tumefaciens, and selection and regeneration of transformed cells and shoots of both cultivars was carried out for 12 weeks on selection medium contai ...200616369768
melatonin enhances root regeneration, photosynthetic pigments, biomass, total carbohydrates and proline content in the cherry rootstock phl-c (prunus avium × prunus cerasus).the present study, investigates the effects of melatonin (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 μm) on the morphogenic and biochemical responses in the cherry rootstock phl-c (prunus avium l. × prunus cerasus l.), from shoot tip explants. the incorporation of melatonin (0-10 μm) in the murashige and skoog (ms) medium, greatly influenced rooting either positively or negatively. melatonin, irrespective of its concentration, had a negative effect concerning the number of roots. however, application of 0.5 ...201223127522
development and cross-species/genera transferability of microsatellite markers discovered using 454 genome sequencing in chokecherry (prunus virginiana l.).chokecherry (prunus virginiana l.) (2n = 4x = 32) is a unique prunus species for both genetics and disease-resistance research due to its tetraploid nature and x-disease resistance. however, no genetic and genomic information on chokecherry is available. a partial chokecherry genome was sequenced using roche 454 sequencing technology. a total of 145,094 reads covering 4.8 mbp of the chokecherry genome were generated and 15,113 contigs were assembled, of which 11,675 contigs were larger than 100  ...201222837059
melatonin promotes adventitious root regeneration in in vitro shoot tip explants of the commercial sweet cherry rootstocks cab-6p (prunus cerasus l.), gisela 6 (p. cerasus × p. canescens), and mxm 60 (p. avium × p. mahaleb).the objectives of this study were to test the effects of melatonin (n-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), a natural compound of edible plants on the rooting of certain commercial sweet cherry rootstocks. shoot tip explants from previous in vitro cultures of the cherry rootstocks cab-6p (prunus cerasus l.), gisela 6 (p. cerasus × p. canescens), and m × m 60 (p. avium × p. mahaleb) were included in the experiment. the effect of indole-3-acetic acid (iaa) and indole-3-butyric acid (iba) alone or in combin ...201221749439
genetic and molecular characterization of three novel s-haplotypes in sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.).tetraploid sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) exhibits gametophytic self-incompatibility (gsi) whereby the specificity of self-pollen rejection is controlled by alleles of the stylar and pollen specificity genes, s-rnase and sfb (s haplotype-specific f-box protein gene), respectively. as sour cherry selections can be either self-compatible (sc) or self-incompatible (si), polyploidy per se does not result in sc. instead the genotype-dependent loss of si in sour cherry is due to the accumulation of n ...200818617504
the mutated s1-haplotype in sour cherry has an altered s-haplotype-specific f-box protein gene.gametophytic self-incompatibility (gsi) is an outcrossing mechanism in flowering plants that is genetically controlled by 2 separate genes located at the highly polymorphic s-locus, termed s-haplotype. this study characterizes a pollen part mutant of the s(1)-haplotype present in sour cherry (rosaceae, prunus cerasus l.) that contributes to the loss of gsi. inheritance of s-haplotypes from reciprocal interspecific crosses between the self-compatible sour cherry cultivar ujfehértói fürtös carryin ...200616985081
inheritance and interactions of incompatibility alleles in the tetraploid sour cherry.three progenies of sour cherry (prunus cerasus) were analysed to correlate self-(in)compatibility status with s-rnase phenotype in this allotetraploid hybrid of sweet and ground cherry. self-(in)compatibility was assessed in the field and by monitoring pollen tube growth after selfing. the s-rnase phenotypes were determined by isoelectric focusing of stylar proteins and staining for rnase activity and, for the parents, confirmed by pcr. seedling phenotypes were generally consistent with disomic ...200616307228
genetic relationships between diploid and allotetraploid cherry species (prunus avium, prunus x gondouinii and prunus cerasus).prunus avium l. (diploid, aa, 2n=2x=16), prunus cerasus l. (allotetraploid, aaff, 2n=4x=32) species, and their hybrid prunus x gondouinii rehd., constitute the most widely cultivated cherry tree species. p. cerasus is supposed to be an hybrid species produced by the union of unreduced p. avium gametes and normal p. fruticosa gametes. a continuum of morphological traits between these three species makes their assignation difficult. the aim of this paper is to study the genetic relationships betwe ...200415354194
identification of incompatibility alleles in the tetraploid species sour cherry.the incompatibility genetics of sour cherry ( prunus cerasus), an allotetraploid species thought to be derived from sweet cherry (diploid) and ground cherry (tetraploid), were investigated by test crossing and by analysis of stylar ribonucleases which are known to be the products of incompatibility alleles in sweet cherry. stylar extracts of 36 accessions of sour cherry were separated electrophoretically and stained for ribonuclease activity. the zymograms of most accessions showed three bands, ...200414689184
a pollen-expressed gene for a novel protein with an f-box motif that is very tightly linked to a gene for s-rnase in two species of cherry, prunus cerasus and p. avium.this study describes a novel f-box protein gene in the s-locus of sour cherry (prunus cerasus) and sweet cherry (p. avium). the gene showed an s-haplotype-specific sequence polymorphism and the expression was specific to pollen. genomic dna blot analysis of eight sweet cherry cultivars with the probe for the f-box protein gene under low stringency conditions yielded rflp bands specific to the s-haplotypes of each cultivar. we discuss the possibility of the gene for the f-box protein being a cand ...200312881505
chloroplast inheritance and dna variation in sweet, sour, and ground cherry.sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) is an allotetraploid and both sweet cherry (p avium l.) and ground cherry (p. fruticosa pall.) are the proposed progenitor species. the study investigated the maternal species origin(s) of sour cherry using chloroplast dna (cpdna) markers and a diverse set of 22 sweet, 25 sour, and 7 ground cherry selections. two cpdna restriction fragment length polymorphisms (rflps) and one polymerase chain reaction (pcr) fragment length polymorphism were identified among the 54 ...200810739133
a linkage map of sweet cherry based on rapd analysis of a microspore-derived callus culture population.a partial linkage map was constructed for the sweet cherry (prunus avium l.) cultivar emperor francis from a population of 56 microspore-derived callus culture individuals. the callus cultures were genotyped for two allozymes and 90 random amplified polymorphic dna (rapd) markers using 79 random decanucleotide dna primers and the polymerase chain reaction (pcr). eighty-nine markers mapped to 10 linkage groups totaling 503.3 cm. dna blot and hybridization analysis using five cloned rapds as probe ...20108683097
isozyme diversity in sour, sweet, and ground cherry.thirty-six sour (prunus cerasus l.), sweet (p. avium l.), and ground cherry (p. fruticosa pall.) selections were evaluated for seven enzyme systems and principal coordinate analysis was used to examine isozyme divergence among these cherry species. the enzyme systems studied were phosphoglucose isomerase (pgi), isocitrate dehydrogenase (idh), phosphoglucomutase (pgm), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-pgd), leucine aminopeptidase (lap), shikimate dehydrogenase (skdh), and malate dehydrogenase ...199524172928
morphological characterization of cherry rootstock candidates selected from central and east black sea regions in turkey.the use of rootstocks particularly for sweet cherry cultivars is of great importance for successful and sustainable production. choosing the right cherry rootstocks is just as important as choosing the right cultivar. in this study, 110 sweet cherry, 30 sour cherry, and 41 mahaleb types displaying rootstock potential for sweet cherry cultivars were selected from central and east black sea regions in turkey. the morphologic characteristics of the studied genotypes were compared with the standard ...201324453921
development and evaluation of a genome-wide 6k snp array for diploid sweet cherry and tetraploid sour cherry.high-throughput genome scans are important tools for genetic studies and breeding applications. here, a 6k snp array for use with the illumina infinium® system was developed for diploid sweet cherry (prunus avium) and allotetraploid sour cherry (p. cerasus). this effort was led by rosbreed, a community initiative to enable marker-assisted breeding for rosaceous crops. next-generation sequencing in diverse breeding germplasm provided 25 billion basepairs (gb) of cherry dna sequence from which wer ...201223284615
protective effect of prunus cerasus (sour cherry) seed extract on the recovery of ischemia/reperfusion-induced retinal damage in zucker diabetic fatty rat.among diabetes patients, ophthalmological complications are very frequent. high blood glucose and (consequential) ischemia-reperfusion (i/r) injury contribute significantly to the severity of retinopathies. diabetic retinopathy is among the leading causes of blindness. our study demonstrates the effect of sour cherry seed extract (scse) on blood glucose and function of the retina with electroretinography (erg) in a diabetic setting with or without ischemia-reperfusion (i/r) injury in zucker diab ...201729065463
characterization of three-dimensional spatial aggregation and association patterns of brown rot symptoms within intensively mapped sour cherry trees.background and aims characterization of spatial patterns of plant disease can provide insights into important epidemiological processes such as sources of inoculum, mechanisms of dissemination, and reproductive strategies of the pathogen population. whilst two-dimensional patterns of disease (among plants within fields) have been studied extensively, there is limited information on three-dimensional patterns within individual plant canopies. reported here are the detailed mapping of different sy ...201121335328
plum curculio (coleoptera: curculionidae) adult mortality and associated fruit injury after exposure to field-aged insecticides on tart cherry branches.plum curculio, conotrachelus nenuphar (herbst) (coleoptera: curculionidae), adults were exposed to field-aged residues of thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, thiacloprid, indoxacarb, or azinphos-methyl on tart cherry, prunus cerasus l. variety montmorency. at 1, 3, 7, and 14 d postapplication, fruit were sampled for chemical residues, and bioassays were used to assess beetle mortality and plant tissue injury. azinphos-methyl had lethal activity within 1 d of exposure at all postapplication intervals and ...201020857728
micropropagation of prunus species relevant to cherry fruit production.cherry tree micropropagation is limited to the production of healthy cultivars of prunus avium and prunus cerasus, and their rootstocks; mainly the dwarfing ones. by using meristem-tip (0.1 mm long) or healthy shoot tips/nodes, four successive steps are needed to obtain whole plants capable of growing in the nursery: multiplication by axillary branching, shoot elongation, rooting, and plantlet acclimation. along this process, several parameters have to be adjusted for each phase of the culture, ...201323179694
possible virus-induced genetic abnormalities in tree fruits.seedlings of prunus avium and p. cerasus, grown from seed of infected trees, showed symptoms of cherry necrotic rusty mottle and sour cherry yellows diseases. no virus could be detected in the p. avium seedlings showing virus-like symptoms and only 10 percent of the 30 percent of p. cerasus seedlings showing symptoms contained virus. these results suggest that viruses may induce certain genetic abnormalities.196217836540
disaccharides: influence on volatiles and phenolics of sour cherry juice.the food industry is continuously developing ingredients, processing methods and packaging materials to improve the quality of fruit products. the aim of this work was to study the effect of sugars, a common ingredient in the food industry, on phenolics and volatiles of sour cherry juice. sucrose, trehalose and maltose chemical isomers were chosen for this investigation. all sugars influenced the evaluated parameters. samples with maltose addition had lower, while samples with sucrose and trehal ...201729120375
antioxidative and antiviral properties of flowering cherry fruits (prunus serrulata l. var. spontanea).the phenolic compounds of many fruits have been known to be efficient cellular protective antioxidants. in this study, antioxidative and antiviral properties of flowering cherry cultivars (prunus yedoensis, prunus sargentii, prunus lannesiana, and prunus cerasus) in korea were investigated. the antioxidant property was assayed for specific activities including 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) hydroxy radical scavenging activity, reducing power capacity, and superoxide dismutase (sod) like ac ...201020821824
optimizing spray drying conditions of sour cherry juice based on physicochemical properties, using response surface methodology (rsm).in this study, the effects of main spray drying conditions such as inlet air temperature (100-140 °c), maltodextrin concentration (mdc: 30-60%), and aspiration rate (ar) (30-50%) on the physicochemical properties of sour cherry powder such as moisture content (mc), hygroscopicity, water solubility index (wsi), and bulk density were investigated. this investigation was carried out by employing response surface methodology and the process conditions were optimized by using this technique. the mc o ...201728242915
effect of mixing different kinds of fruit juice with sour cherry puree on nutritional properties.the main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of mixing sour cherry puree with apple, pear, quince and flowering quince juices on characteristics of 17 different products (12 smoothies and 5 semi-products). compounds (phenolic compounds, vitamin c, sugar, pectin), antioxidant activity (orac, abts, frap), and physicochemical parameters (titratable acidity, soluble solids, viscosity, colour) of different products were evaluated. depending on the type of product, 8 to 20 phenolic c ...201728242910
does passive sampling accurately reflect the bee (apoidea: anthophila) communities pollinating apple and sour cherry orchards?during bloom of spring orchard crops, bees are the primary providers of pollination service. monitoring these insects for research projects is often done by timed observations or by direct aerial netting, but there has been increasing interest in blue vane traps as an efficient passive approach to collecting bees. over multiple spring seasons in michigan and pennsylvania, orchards were monitored for wild bees using timed netting from crop flowers and blue vane traps. this revealed a distinctly d ...201728379550
simultaneous identification and quantification of the sugar, sugar alcohol, and carboxylic acid contents of sour cherry, apple, and ber fruits, as their trimethylsilyl derivatives, by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.our gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method--developed for the simultaneous quantitation of mono-, di-, and trisaccharides, sugar alcohols, caboxylic and amino acids, measured as their trimethylsilyl-(oxime) ether/ester derivatives, from one solution by a single injection, prepared in the presence of the fruit matrix--has been extended/utilized for special purposes. the compositions of (i) freshly harvested and stored sour cherries (prunus cerasus), (ii) apples obtained from organic and inte ...200415675786
montmorency tart cherries (prunus cerasus l.) modulate vascular function acutely, in the absence of improvement in cognitive performance.cerebral blood volume and metabolism of oxygen decline as part of human ageing, and this has been previously shown to be related to cognitive decline. there is some evidence to suggest that polyphenol-rich foods can play an important role in delaying the onset or halting the progression of age-related health disorders such as cvd and alzheimer's disease and to improve cognitive function. in the present study, an acute, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, cross-over, randomised latin-square desig ...201627989253
optimization of a new method for extraction of cyanidin chloride and pelargonidin chloride anthocyanins with magnetic solid phase extraction and determination in fruit samples by hplc with central composite, we are reporting a sensitive, simple and rapid method for the analysis of cyanidin chloride and pelargonidin chloride anthocyanins in cherry, sour cherry, pomegranate and barberry produced in iran. the analytes were extracted with acetonitrile-hydrochloric acid (1% v/v) mixture under optimized pretreatment conditions. clean-up of the extract from fruits was conducted by magnetic solid phase extraction using salicylic acid functionalized silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles (scmnps) as the ...201728987497
sour cherries but not apples added to the regular diet decrease resting and fmlp-stimulated chemiluminescence of fasting whole blood in healthy subjects.berry fruits rich in anthocyanins have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. blood phagocytes are an important source of oxidants that contribute to inflammatory response and oxidative stress. we examined the effect of sour cherry consumption on luminol-enhanced whole blood chemiluminescence (lbcl) reflecting oxidants generation by circulating phagocytes in healthy subjects.201828985142
use of phytoproductivity data in the choice of native plant species to restore a degraded coal mining site amended with a stabilized industrial organic sludge.coal mining-related activities result in a degraded landscape and sites associated with large amounts of dumped waste material. the arid soil resulting from acid mine drainage affects terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and thus, site remediation programs must be implemented to mitigate this sequential deleterious processes. a low-cost alternative material to counterbalance the affected physico-chemical-microbiological aspects of the degraded soil is the amendment with low contaminated and stabi ...201728913724
characterization of sugar and polyphenolic diversity in floral nectar of different 'oblačinska' sour cherry clones.'oblačinska' sour cherry, an autochthonous cultivar, is the most planted cultivar in serbian orchards. since fruit trees in temperate zone reward insects by producing nectar which 'quality' affects the efficiency of insect pollination, the aim of this study was analyzing of sugars and polyphenolics in floral nectar of 16 'oblačinska' sour cherry clones with different yielding potential. the contents of sugars and sugar alcohols were analyzed by ion chromatography, while polyphenolic profile was ...201728699201
encapsulation of sour cherry pomace extract by freeze drying: characterization and storage this study sour cherry pomace was extracted with food-grade solvent (50% ethanol), concentrated and stabilized in whey and soy proteins by encapsulation. soy proteins exhibited higher encapsulation efficiency (94.90%), but not significantly (p < 0.05), from whey (90.10%). storage properties of whey (wp) and soy protein (sp) encapsulates in terms of total polyphenols, anthocyanins and antioxidant activity were tested for 6 weeks. at the end of storage period the retention of polyphenols in sp ...201728621401
influence of incubation-period humidity on the development of brown rot blossom blight of sour cherry.abstract when detached sour cherry (prunus cerasus) blossoms were inoculated with conidia of monilinia fructicola and subjected to a standard 8-h wetting treatment at 20 degrees c, blossom blight incidence was proportional to relative humidity (rh) when rh was held constant during the subsequent 6-day incubation period (frequency = 1.0 at the maximum rh of 92%; frequency = 0.38 at the minimum rh of 57%). similarly, when a primary incubation period at 87% rh was followed by a secondary incubation ...199718945152
profile of lipophilic antioxidants in the by-products recovered from six cultivars of sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.).the content of tocochromanols and carotenoids in kernels recovered from fruit pits of six sour cherry (prunus cerasus l.) cultivars was studied. the highest concentration was noted for γ-t (23.50-52.76 mg/100 g dry weight basis (dw)). considerably, lower amounts compared to γ-t were detected for α-t, δ-t and α-t3 (5.74-13.33, 2.74-4.54 and 0.30-1.16 mg/100 g dw, respectively). the β-t and γ-t3 were quantified only in minor levels. the total amount of tocochromanols was in the range 41.69-63.48 m ...201728412858
effects of hybrid (microwave-convectional) and convectional drying on drying kinetics, total phenolics, antioxidant capacity, vitamin c, color and rehydration capacity of sour cherries.sour cherries were dried by convectional (cd) at 50, 60, and 70°c and by hybrid (hd; microwave-convectional) drying at 120, 150, and 180w coupled with hot air at 50, 60, and 70°c. in hd, microwave power and hot air were performed simultaneously during drying process. total phenolic content (tpc), antioxidant capacity (aoc), vitamin c content, color and rehydration capacity were followed. the hd technique reduced drying time and increased drying rate compared to cd. drying data were well correlat ...201728407914
the effect of nest box distribution on sustainable propagation of osmia lignaria (hymenoptera: megachilidae) in commercial tart cherry orchards.the blue orchard bee, osmia lignaria (say), is a solitary bee that is an excellent pollinator of tree fruit orchards. due to the annual rising costs of honey bee hive rentals, many orchardists are eager to develop management tools and practices to support o. lignaria as an alternative pollinator. establishing o. lignaria pollination as a sustainable industry requires careful consideration of both bee and orchard management. here, we test the effect of artificial nest box distribution on in-orcha ...201728365763
differences in body size and egg loads of rhagoletis indifferens (diptera: tephritidae) from introduced and native cherries.the western cherry fruit fly, rhagoletis indifferens curran, infests introduced, domesticated sweet [prunus avium (l.) l.], and tart cherries (prunus cerasus l.) as well as native bitter cherry, prunus emarginata (douglas) eaton. bitter cherries are smaller than sweet and tart cherries and this could affect various life history traits of flies. the objectives of the current study were to determine 1) if body size and egg loads of flies infesting sweet, tart, and bitter cherries differ from one a ...201122217749
the diversity of polyprenol pattern in leaves of fruit trees belonging to rosaceae and cornaceae.the polyprenol pattern in leaves of fruit trees belonging to the rosaceae (genera: prunus, malus) and cornaceae (genus: cornus) families is presented. the content of polyprenyl acetates varied within plant species between 10-50 mg per gram of dry weight. in genus prunus, cornus and in representatives of species malus domestica, a mixture of polyprenols composed of 18, 19, 20, 21 isoprene units was found. in six species of genus prunus (sour-cherry): p. serrulata-spontanea, p. yedoensis, p. fruti ...19989918509
colour stabilities of sour cherry juice concentrates enhanced with gallic acid and various plant extracts during storage.gallic acid (ga) and pomegranate rind extract (pre), cherry stem extract (cse) and green tea extract (gte) were added to sour cherry juice concentrates (scjcs) to enhance the colour. effects of these copigment sources on anthocyanins, colour and turbidity were investigated during storage at -20, 4 and 20°c for 110 days. cyanidin-3-glucosylrutinoside (cyd-3-glu-rut, 75%) was the major anthocyanin, followed by cyanidin-3-rutinoside (cyd-3-rut, 23%) and cyanidin-3-sophoroside (cyd-3-soph, 2%). whil ...201626616935
stability of phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and colour through natural sweeteners addition during storage of sour cherry puree.the aim of this study was to describe the changes in phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and colour of sour cherry puree supplemented with different natural sweeteners (sucrose, palm sugar, erythritol, xylitol, steviol glycoside, luo han kuo), and natural prebiotic (inulin). a total of 18 types of polyphenolic compounds were assessed in the following sour cherry puree by lc-ms-qtof analysis, before and after 6 months of storage at 4 °c and 30 °c. total phenolics determined by uplc-pda-fl wa ...201626593574
postharvest sour cherry quality and safety maintenance by exposure to hot- water or treatment with fresh aloe vera gel.iranian sour cherries (prunus cerasus) were coated with fresh aloe vera gel or treated with hot water (40 ± 2 °c) for 2 min and stored for 17 days at 4 ± 1 °c. the physicochemical characteristics of gel coated and hot water treated samples were compared with untreated fruit during the cold storage period. untreated fruit showed increased respiration rate, rapid weight loss and colour change, accelerated aging and ripening. on the contrary, sour cherries, particularly those coated with gel signif ...201425328241
traditional alcoholic beverages and their value in the local culture of the alta valle del reno, a mountain borderland between tuscany and emilia-romagna (italy).traditional alcoholic beverages (tabs) have only received marginal attention from researchers and ethnobotanists so far, especially in italy. this work is focused on plant-based tabs in the alta valle del reno, a mountainous area on the border between tuscany and emilia-romagna regions. the aims of our study were to document local knowledge about tabs and to analyze and discuss the distribution of related knowledge within the investigated communities.201627333772
characterization of a β-glucosidase with transgalactosylation capacity from the zygomycete rhizomucor extracellular β-glucosidase from the zygomycete rhizomucor miehei nrrl 5282 cultivated in a wheat bran-based solid state fermentation system was characterized. the purified enzyme exhibited an optimum temperature of 68-70 °c and ph of 5.0. it efficiently hydrolyzed oligosaccharides having β-(1→4) glycosidic linkages and exhibited some β- and α-galactosidase activity. the v(max) for p-nitrophenyl-β-d-glucopyranoside and cellobiose was 468.2 and 115.5 u/mg, respectively, while the k(m) was 0.12 ...201222444635
optimization of sour cherry juice spray drying as
affected by carrier material and temperature.response surface methodology was applied for optimization of the sour cherry marasca juice spray drying process with 20, 30 and 40% of carriers maltodextrin with dextrose equivalent (de) value of 4-7 and 13-17 and gum arabic, at three drying temperatures: 150, 175 and 200 °c. increase in carrier mass per volume ratio resulted in lower moisture content and powder hygroscopicity, higher bulk density, solubility and product yield. higher temperatures decreased the moisture content and bulk density ...201628115901
new grape stems-based liqueur: physicochemical and phytochemical evaluation.a number of traditional liqueurs are obtained by maceration of red fruits in aqueous ethanol liquor, namely sloe berries or sour cherry. on the other hand, the exploration of residual plant material derived from the winery industry (grape (vitis vinifera l.) stems), which has been regarded as an interesting source of colored and uncolored (poly)phenols, could lead to an industrial alternative to the traditional distilled spirits produced, with valuable physicochemical and phytochemical propertie ...201626213054
phytochemical uptake following human consumption of montmorency tart cherry (l. prunus cerasus) and influence of phenolic acids on vascular smooth muscle cells in investigate the phytochemical uptake following human consumption of montmorency tart cherry (l. prunus cerasus) and influence of selected phenolic acids on vascular smooth muscle cells in vitro.201626163338
evaluation of the adsorption potential of eco-friendly activated carbon prepared from cherry kernels for the removal of pb2+, cd2+ and ni2+ from aqueous wastes.development, characterization and evaluation of the efficiency of cost-effective medium for the removal of pb2+, cd2+ and ni2+ from aqueous systems, as a novel, eco-friendly solution for wastewater remediation were done. the precursors for low-cost adsorbent were lignocellulosic raw materials (sweet/sour cherry kernels), as industrial byproducts and components of organic solid waste. activated carbon synthesis was carried out by thermochemical conversion (h3po4, 500 °c) in the complete absence o ...201627729179
bioactive and functional properties of sour cherry juice (prunus cerasus).sour cherry juice (prunus cerasus) is consumed as a nutritional supplement claiming health effects. the aim of the study was to evaluate the different properties of sour cherry juice in terms of antioxidant activity and inhibition of target enzymes in the central nervous system and diabetes. the content of polyphenols and anthocyanins was quantified. different experiments were carried out to determine the radical scavenging properties of the juice. the activity of sour cherry juice was also test ...201627775125
evaluation of systemic and dermal toxicity and dermal photoprotection by sour cherry kernels.the present report describes outcomes of animal studies conducted to determine the systemic and dermal toxicity of prunus cerasus (sour cherry) seed kernel contents; and a separate evaluation of the photoprotective capacity of the kernel oil fraction. b6 mice and hartley guinea-pigs were used for these experiments. dosage groups of 6-8 animals were administered whole kernel meal in a dose range of 0-3000?mg/kg by gavage for 8?days, following which they were killed. the liver and kidney weights w ...201121751269
the effects of montmorency tart cherry concentrate supplementation on recovery following prolonged, intermittent exercise.this study investigated montmorency tart cherry concentrate (mc) supplementation on markers of recovery following prolonged, intermittent sprint activity. sixteen semi-professional, male soccer players, who had dietary restrictions imposed for the duration of the study, were divided into two equal groups and consumed either mc or placebo (pla) supplementation for eight consecutive days (30 ml twice per day). on day 5, participants completed an adapted version of the loughborough intermittent shu ...201627455316
polyphenolic extracts of cherry (prunus cerasus l.) and blackcurrant (ribes nigrum l.) leaves as natural preservatives in meat products.the objective of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using polyphenolic extracts from cherry and blackcurrant leaves as natural antimicrobial agents in meat products. the polyphenolic composition of the extracts was analyzed and their impact on the microbial quality, lipid oxidation, color, and sensory evaluation of pork sausages was studied. polyphenolic extracts were obtained from leaves collected in september. the total polyphenolic content in sour cherry leaf extract was 1.5 times ...201627375255
orally delivered sour cherry seed extract (scse) affects cardiovascular and hematological parameters in the present study, we investigated the effects of sour cherry seed extract (scse) on a variety of systemic processes that contribute to general health and viability of human subjects. the experiments were conducted according to a double-blind protocol in which six healthy individuals were administered 250-mg/day scse for 14 days, while four were treated with placebo. peripheral blood was collected before and after the treatment period. samples were analyzed for levels of selected cells, enzym ...201525640007
genetic variation and identification of promising sour cherries inferred from microsatellite markers.the aim of this study was to identify the group of highly polymorphic microsatellite markers for identification of promising sour cherries. from among 30 tested microsatellite (ssr) markers, 19 were selected to profile genetic variation in sour cherries due to high polymorphisms. results indicated a high level of polymorphism of the accessions based on these markers. totally 148 alleles were generated at 19 ssr loci which 122 alleles were polymorphic. the number of total alleles per locus ranged ...201627183795
impact of packaging material and storage conditions on polyphenol stability, colour and sensory characteristics of freeze-dried sour cherry (prunus cerasus var. marasca).the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of packaging materials and storage conditions on polyphenols stability, colour and sensory characteristics of freeze-dried sour cherry (prunus cerasus var. marasca). freeze-dried sour cherries were packed in high barrier metalized polypropylene and aluminium packaging (pet/ppmet/pe and pet/al/pe) for up to 12 months at 4, 20 and 37 °c. characterisation of polyphenol compounds was done by hplc uv/vis pda and in all samples individual anthocyanin ...201627162405
effects of montmorency tart cherry (prunus cerasus l.) consumption on vascular function in men with early hypertension.tart cherries contain numerous polyphenolic compounds that could potentially improve endothelial function and reduce cardiovascular disease risk.201627146650
impact of prunus cerasus on pgr and has2 in cumulus cells and fertility outcome.cumulus cells have a critical role in normal oocyte development and fertilization. prunus cerasus is an anthocyanin rich berry and performs strong antioxidant activity. the present study set to determine if prunus cerasus can affect expression of has2 (hyaluronan synthase 2) and progesterone receptor in cumulus cells and its consequences outcome of the in vitro fertilization.201627123419
sour cherry pomace extract encapsulated in whey and soy proteins: incorporation in of the potential sources of valuable bioactives is pomace, a by-product from fruit juice processing industry. in the presented study, bioactive compounds extracted from cherry pomace, encapsulated in whey and soy proteins, have been incorporated in cookies, replacing 10% (we10 and se10) and 15% (we15 and se15) of flour. total polyphenols, anthocyanins, antioxidant activity and colour characteristics of enriched cookies were followed during 4 months of storage. total polyphenols of we10, se10 ...201627080876
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