karyotype comparison and phylogenetic relationships of pipistrellus-like bats (vespertilionidae; chiroptera; mammalia).detailed karyotype descriptions of 20 pipistrellus-like bat species belonging to the family vespertilionidae are presented. for the first time, chromosomal complements of four species, i.e. pipistrellus stenopterus (2n = 32), p. javanicus (2n = 34), hypsugo eisentrauti (2n = 42) and h. crassulus (2n = 30) are reported. a pipistrellus kuhlii-like species from madagascar represents a separate species distinguished from the european pipistrellus kuhlii (2n = 44) by a diploid chromosome number of 42 ...200111272789
a half-day genome sequencing protocol for middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus.recent coronavirus (cov) outbreaks, including that of middle east respiratory syndrome (mers), have presented a threat to public health worldwide. a primary concern in these outbreaks is the extent of mutations in the cov, and the content of viral variation that can be determined only by whole genome sequencing (wgs). we aimed to develop a time efficient wgs protocol, using universal primers spanning the entire mers-cov genome. mers and synthetic neoromicia capensis bat cov genomes were successf ...202133679631
a metagenomic viral discovery approach identifies potential zoonotic and novel mammalian viruses in neoromicia bats within south africa.species within the neoromicia bat genus are abundant and widely distributed in africa. it is common for these insectivorous bats to roost in anthropogenic structures in urban regions. additionally, neoromicia capensis have previously been identified as potential hosts for middle east respiratory syndrome (mers)-related coronaviruses. this study aimed to ascertain the gastrointestinal virome of these bats, as viruses excreted in fecal material or which may be replicating in rectal or intestinal t ...201829579103
rooting the phylogenetic tree of middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus by characterization of a conspecific virus from an african bat.the emerging middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (mers-cov) causes lethal respiratory infections mainly on the arabian peninsula. the evolutionary origins of mers-cov are unknown. we determined the full genome sequence of a cov directly from fecal material obtained from a south african neoromicia capensis bat (neocov). neocov shared essential details of genome architecture with mers-cov. eighty-five percent of the neocov genome was identical to mers-cov at the nucleotide level. based on ...201425031349
support for the allotonic frequency hypothesis in an insectivorous bat community.the allotonic frequency hypothesis proposes that certain insectivorous bat species can prey upon moths that can hear bat echolocation calls by using echolocation frequencies outside the sensitivity range of moth ears. the hypothesis predicts that the peak frequencies of bat echolocation calls are correlated with the incidence of moths in the diets of these bats. the aim of this study was to test this prediction on a bat community dominated by bats using low duty cycle echolocation calls, i.e. ae ...200312647192
could bats act as reservoir hosts for rift valley fever virus?the inter-epizootic reservoir host of rift valley fever virus (rvfv) remains unknown, although the namaqua rock rat, aethomys namaquensis, as well as bats have been implicated. bats can be asymptomatically infected with rabies, as well as several arboviruses; the possibility that they can act as host for rvfv therefore exists. to examine this possibility, 350 different samples (brain, liver, salivary glands and brown fat) obtained from 150 bats (comprising seven species) were tested for rvfv ant ...199910396763
hantavirus strains in east africa related to western african hantaviruses.hantaviruses are rna viruses primarily carried by rodents, soricomorphs, and bats. the data about the distribution and genetic diversity of these viruses are often limited, especially in most regions of sub-saharan africa. moreover, the majority of representatives were identified in western african localities, while only three hantaviruses have been reported in east africa to date. in this study, a total of 1866 small mammals captured between 2009 and 2014 in various countries of eastern africa ...201728075239
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