Publications

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klebsiella pneumoniae as a cause of pneumonia and septicemia in a civet kitten (civettictis civetta) in the jos zoo, nigeria.a fatal case of acute pneumonia and septicemia that occurred in a captive civet kitten (civettictis civetta) in the jos zoo, nigeria is reported. diagnosis was based on clinical signs, necropsy findings, and the isolation of klebsiella pneumoniae from the lung, intestine, liver and heart blood of the animal. this is the first report of clinical k. pneumoniae infection in a wild or captive animal in nigeria.19883045348
rabies incubation in an african civet (civettictis civetta). 19948085316
innocuity studies of sag-2 oral rabies vaccine in various zimbabwean wild non-target species.the sag-2 modified live rabies vaccine was tested for innocuity when administered by the oral route in several potential wild non-target bait-consuming species, as follows: ten chacma baboons (papio ursinus), six african civets (civettictis civetta), six slender mongooses (galerella sanguinea), six honey badgers (mellivora capensis), six large-spotted genets (genetta tigrina), 39 multi-mammate mice (mastomys natalensis), 26 bushveld gerbils (tatera leucogaster) and six pied crows (corvus albus). ...19979261938
isolation and potential for transmission of mycobacterium bovis at human-livestock-wildlife interface of the serengeti ecosystem, northern tanzania.mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (btb), is a multihost pathogen of public health and veterinary importance. we characterized the m. bovis isolated at the human-livestock-wildlife interface of the serengeti ecosystem to determine the epidemiology and risk of cross-species transmission between interacting hosts species. dna was extracted from mycobacterial cultures obtained from sputum samples of 472 tuberculosis (tb) suspected patients and tissue samples from 606 li ...201526563417
a diastereoselective route to 2,6-syn-disubstituted tetrahydropyrans: synthesis of the civet compound (+)-2-((2s,6s)-6-methyltetrahydro-2h-pyran-2-yl) acetic acid.a diastereoselective synthesis of 2,6-syn-disubstituted tetrahydropyrans has been developed based on the ability of furanyl-ether chiral centres to epimerise readily under acidic conditions. this novel methodology was applied to the synthesis of (+)-2-((2s,6s)-6-methyltetrahydro-2h-pyran-2-yl) acetic acid, a component of the african civet cat's glandular marking secretion.200818997951
ikoma lyssavirus, highly divergent novel lyssavirus in an african civet.evidence in support of a novel lyssavirus was obtained from brain samples of an african civet in tanzania. results of phylogenetic analysis of nucleoprotein gene sequences from representative lyssavirus species and this novel lyssavirus provided strong empirical evidence that this is a new lyssavirus species, designated ikoma lyssavirus.201222469151
complete genome sequence of ikoma lyssavirus.lyssaviruses (family rhabdoviridae) constitute one of the most important groups of viral zoonoses globally. all lyssaviruses cause the disease rabies, an acute progressive encephalitis for which, once symptoms occur, there is no effective cure. currently available vaccines are highly protective against the predominantly circulating lyssavirus species. using next-generation sequencing technologies, we have obtained the whole-genome sequence for a novel lyssavirus, ikoma lyssavirus (ikov), isolate ...201222923801
mongoose rabies and the african civet in zimbabwe. 200818997193
report of isolations of unusual lyssaviruses (rabies and mokola virus) identified retrospectively from zimbabwe.rabies isolates that had been stored between 1983 and 1997 were examined with a panel of anti-lyssavirus nucleocapsid monoclonal antibodies. out of 56 isolates from cats and various wild carnivore species, 1 isolate of mokola virus and 5 other non-typical rabies viruses were identified. the mokola virus isolate was diagnosed as rabies in 1993 from a cat. genetic analysis of this isolate suggests that it falls in a distinct subgroup of the mokola virus genotype. the 5 non-typical rabies viruses w ...200111513267
tropomyosin b from the african civet, civettictis civetta. 19715120311
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxii. ixodid ticks on domestic dogs and on wild carnivores.ixodid ticks were collected from 4 dogs on smallholdings near grahamstown, eastern cape province, on 1 or more occasions each week for periods ranging from 9-36 months. fourteen tick species were recovered and the seasonal abundance of adult haemaphysalis leachi and adult rhipicephalus simus was determined. complete collections of ticks were made from 50 caracals (felis caracal) in the cradock, graaff-reinet and southwell regions in the eastern cape province. the animals from cradock and graaff- ...19873444612
rabies in a civet cat (civettictis civetta) in the jos zoo, nigeria. 19883191379
[characteristics of microbial association in secretions of various mammalian sebaceous glands].the following secretions of mammalian skin glands were subjected to a microbiological survey: the middle-abdominal glands of great and mongolian gerbils, the preputial gland of musk deer, the perineal organ of african civet cat, the interdigital skin regions and interdigital glands of bison, european bison, european roe deer, and musk deer. all the secretions were found to contain microbial associations. the composition of bacterial species in the secretions and the quantity of microorganisms va ...19902263223
the functional anatomy of the hindlimb of some african viverridae (carnivora).the functional anatomy of the hindlimb of 12 species of viverrids was studied with relation to locomotion. the animals were allocated to primary locomotor categories on the basis of their anatomy and locomotion. the climbing, arboreal walking category (nandinia binotata) is characterized by a small sacroiliac articulation, the iliopsoas inserts onto a medially located lesser trochanter and the femoral condyles are not posteriorly placed. the hindfoot is plantigrade and its structure permits cons ...19761255730
trichinosis (trichinella spiralis infestations) in wild animals of the kruger national park.in africa trichinosis is essentially a disease of wild carnivores. once established in a suilline cycle it becomes a more important threat to man. the results of tests on 8,000 specimens of 20 wildlife species in the kruger national park are discussed and the epizootiology of trichinosis in south africa is briefly reviewed. the first case of trichinosis in an african civet, viverra civetta schreber, 1776, is reported. the confirmed absence of trichinosis in true herbivores is of practical signif ...19751240968
spotted fever group rickettsiae in ticks and fleas from the democratic republic of the congo.little is known about the prevalence of spotted fever group (sfg) rickettsiae in ticks and fleas in the democratic republic of the congo. in 2008, 12 amblyomma compressum ticks were collected from 3 pangolins (manis gigantea). two haemaphysalis punctaleachi ticks were collected from 2 african civets (civettictis civetta congica), and one was collected from an antelope (onotragus leche). a total of 111 rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks, 23 ctenocephalides canis fleas, 39 c. felis fleas, and 5 tricho ...201223137572
antigenic and genetic characterization of a divergent african virus, ikoma lyssavirus.in 2009, a novel lyssavirus (subsequently named ikoma lyssavirus, ikov) was detected in the brain of an african civet (civettictis civetta) with clinical rabies in the serengeti national park of tanzania. the degree of nucleotide divergence between the genome of ikov and those of other lyssaviruses predicted antigenic distinction from, and lack of protection provided by, available rabies vaccines. in addition, the index case was considered likely to be an incidental spillover event, and therefor ...201424496827
trophic relations in a community of african rainforest carnivores.the factors that promote ecological separation among closely related sympatric carnivores in tropical forests are poorly understood due to a paucity of field studies. here, we report on community-wide food resource utilization patterns among eight co-existing carnivores in the dzanga-sangha reserve, central african republic, based on a collection of 666 scats that were identified using a combination of methods, including thin-layer chromatography. members of the assemblage took advantage of the ...200128547110
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