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differentiation of medically important isolates of bipolaris and exserohilum with exoantigens.soluble culture extracts of bipolaris australiensis, b. hawaiiensis, b. spicifera, exserohilum longirostratum, e. mcginnisii, e. rostratum, and helminthosporium solani were used to prepare reference antisera in new zealand white rabbits. the absorbed reference antisera were tested by a microimmunodiffusion method against concentrated culture filtrates prepared from 115 environmental and clinical isolates of alternaria spp., bipolaris spp., curvularia spp., dactylaria sp., drechslera spp., embell ...19902380387
isolation of bipolaris australiensis from a lesion of viral vesicular dermatitis on the scalp.bipolaris australiensis is recorded as an opportunistic pathogen of humans. the fungus was recovered from a biopsy specimen of skin taken from an area of viral vesicular dermatitis on the scalp. hyphal elements of b. australiensis were seen in the tissues. the taxonomy of the genera bipolaris, drechslera, exserohilum and helminthosporium is discussed with particular reference to published case reports.19863572680
in vitro studies of activity of voriconazole (uk-109,496), a new triazole antifungal agent, against emerging and less-common mold pathogens.the in vitro activity of voriconazole was compared with that of itraconazole. eighty-six isolates of pathogenic molds belonging to 23 species were tested by an agar dilution method in high resolution medium. voriconazole was more active than itraconazole against a number of hyaline molds, including several fusarium spp. and scedosporium prolificans. voriconazole and itraconazole showed comparable good activity against several hyaline molds, including penicillium marneffei and scedosporium apiosp ...19979087501
disseminated infection due to bipolaris australiensis in a young immunocompetent man: case report and review.we report a case of disseminated infection due to bipolaris australiensis in a 21-year-old immunocompetent pakistani man. he presented with fever and jaundice. examination revealed a mass in the right lung, mediastinal lymphadenopathy, a pericardial effusion, and abdominal masses obstructing and invading the common bile duct and right ureter. histological examination and culture of a biopsy specimen of the hilar mass yielded the fungal pathogen b. australiensis. the patient was treated successfu ...19979332530
removal of herbicides from liquid media by fungi isolated from a contaminated soil.fungi were isolated from soil samples corresponding to pesticide-contaminated soil (cs) and noncontaminated soil (ncs) in the annaba vicinity (algeria) and identified. the number of isolates obtained from cs and ncs were 263 and 288, respectively. the most frequent species (aspergillus fumigatus, a. niger, a. terreus, absidia corymbifera, and rhizopus microsporus var microsporus) were not sensitive to the pesticides. the growth of the genus trichoderma was inhibited by the pesticides, while gene ...200111285902
parthenium management by cultural filtrates of phytopathogenic fungi.in the present study, herbicidal activity of culture filtrates of nine phytopathogenic fungi, namely, alternaria alternata (fr.) keissl., drechslera australiensis (bugnicourt) subramanian & jain, drechslera hawaiiensis (curtis and cooke) shoemaker, drechslera biseptata (saccardo & roumeguere) richardson & fraser., drechslera rostrata (drechsler) ricardson & fraser, fusarium oxysporum (massey) synd. & hans., fusarium solani (martius) saccardo., monilia stophila (montagne) and cladosporium sp. (gr ...200919844827
allergic fungal sinusitis complicated by fungal brain mass.a 36-year-old african american female with a 14-year history of allergic fungal sinusitis (afs) presented with progressive worsening headache, fevers, proptosis, and a large frontal lobe brain mass. after excisional biopsy, the non-invasive, dematiaceous mold, bipolaris australiensis, was identified. we review the epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentations of fungal sinusitis, as well as the complex management and multifaceted therapeutic modalities of afs.201020627788
molecular identification and antifungal susceptibility of curvularia australiensis, c. hawaiiensis and c. spicifera isolated from human eye infections.a reliable identification method was developed for three closely related curvularia species, which are frequently isolated from human keratomycoses. since the traditionally used morphological method and the increasingly used internal transcribed spacer (its)-based molecular method proved to be insufficient to discern c. australiensis, c. hawaiiensis and c. spicifera, other molecular targets, such as β-tubulin, translation elongation factor 1-α and the nuclear ribosomal intergenic spacer (igs), w ...201526345164
holadysenterine, a natural herbicidal constituent from drechslera australiensis for management of rumex dentatus.rumex dentatus l. is a problematic weed of wheat. bioassay-directed isolation of culture filtrates of a plant pathogenic fungus drechslera australiensis gave holadysenterine as the main herbicidal constituent against this weed of wheat. leaf disc bioassay showed that herbicidal activity of holadysenterine was comparable to that of synthetic herbicide 2,4-d. this is the first report of this herbicidal compound from the genus drechslera.201424364649
corneal ulcer due to a rare pleosporalean member of the genus bipolaris following cow tail injury to the eye: a case report and review of literature.aspergillus and fusarium are the most common fungi causing mycotic keratitis. injury to the eye with vegetable matter, cow tail injury, long-term use of topical steroids are some of the risk factors for mycotic keratitis. there are few case reports of keratitis caused by bipolaris. the human pathogenic species in the genus are bipolaris spicifera, bipolaris hawaiiensis, bipolaris papendorfii, and bipolaris australiensis. most commonly reported keratitis is caused by b. hawaiiensis, followed by b ...201728573998
diversity, molecular phylogeny, and bioactive potential of fungal endophytes associated with the himalayan blue pine (pinus wallichiana).in this study, we investigated the diversity of fungal endophytes associated with pinus wallichiana from the western himalayas, with emphasis on comparison of endophytic communities harbored by the stem and needle tissues of the host and their antimicrobial potential. a total number of 130 isolates, comprising of 38 different genera, were recovered from 210 fragments of the plant. among the isolated fungi, only a single isolate, tritirachium oryzae, belonged to the phylum basidiomycota whereas t ...201424563192
bioprospecting endophytic fungi and their metabolites from medicinal tree aegle marmelos in western ghats, india.the increasing emergence of lead drugs for the resistance produced by the pathogenic strains and arrival of new diseases have initiated the need for searching novel metabolites with best anticancer and antimicrobial properties than the existing one. with this view, the investigation was conducted for the isolation, identification, and biological evaluation of potential endophytic fungi of aegle marmelos, a medicinal tree used for more than three decades, for curing various disorders. a total of ...201526539047
successful treatment of phaeohyphomycotic keratitis caused by bipolaris australiensis. 200818983563
detection of fungal infectous agent of wheat grains in store-pits of markazi province, iran.wheat is an economic and important crop that provides approximately 20% of food calorie in the world. it is first crop in iran and cultivated in the most areas of this country. store-pit fungi make undesirable changes in quality and appearance of wheat grains. even, some fungi produce different mycotoxins which are toxic to human and livestock's that use wheat grains as source of food. in this study, several samples were randomly collected from each of five store-pits located in different areas ...200415756837
emerging agents of phaeohyphomycosis: pathogenic species of bipolaris and exserohilum.study of numerous living isolates of bipolaris, drechslera, exserohilum, and helminthosporium spp., as well as a mycological assessment of published case reports of phaeohyphomycosis attributed to these fungi, showed that bipolaris australiensis, b. hawaiiensis, b. spicifera, exserohilum longirostratum, e. mcginnisii, and e. rostratum are well-documented pathogens. conidial shape, septation, and size, hilar characteristics, the origin of the germ tube from the basal cell and, to a lesser extent, ...19863745423
back pain associated with endobronchial mucus impaction due to bipolaris australiensis colonization representing atypical allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis.a 40-year-old white male had a two-year history of right sided upper back pain without dyspnea or coughing. his past history was significant for allergic rhinitis and asthma. conservative outpatient management of the back pain including medications, rest and physical therapy were ineffective. ct scan of the chest revealed a mass in the lower lobe of the right lung. bronchial biopsy and lavage revealed eosinophilic and neutrophilic inflammation without tissue invasion. a pure culture of bipolaris ...200819180752
chronic postoperative endophthalmitis caused by bipolaris australiensis. 200616395150
antifungal and antiviral cyclic peptides from the deep-sea-derived fungus simplicillium obclavatum eiodsf 020.a new linear peptide simplicilliumtide i (1) and four new cyclic peptides simplicilliumtides j-m (2-5) together with known analogues verlamelins a and b (6 and 7) were isolated from the deep-sea-derived fungal strain simplicillium obclavatum eiodsf 020. their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, and their absolute configurations were further confirmed by chemical structural modification, marfey's and mosher's methods. compounds 2, 6, and 7 showed significant antifungal activity ...201728578573
[bipolaris australiensis in a spanish patient with allergic chronic sinusitis].allergic fungal sinusitis is a disease that results from hypersensitivity reaction of the host against fungi colonizing the paranasal sinuses. a 36 years old spanish man with no history of travel abroad had a history of asthma, nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis and a chronic sinusitis with nasal congestion and headaches. computed tomography showed pansinusitis and opacification of the paranasal sinuses. a pure culture of bipolaris australiensis was grown from sinus tissues. infections caused by bi ...199715538826
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