interspecific variation in anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity among genotypes of highbush and lowbush blueberries (vaccinium section cyanococcus spp.).recent interest in the possible protective effects of dietary antioxidant compounds against human degenerative disease has prompted investigation of foods such as blueberries (vaccinium sp.), which have a high antioxidant capacity. fruit obtained from genotypes of highbush blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum l.) and lowbush blueberries (vaccinium angustifolium aiton) were analyzed for their antioxidant capacity, their content of anthocyanins, and total phenolic compounds, to evaluate the intraspec ...200111600018
agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.).transient expression studies using blueberry leaf explants and monitored by beta-glucuronidase (gus) assays indicated agrobacterium tumefaciens strain eha105 was more effective than lba4404 or gv3101; and the use of acetosyringone (as) at 100 microm for inoculation and 6 days co-cultivation was optimum compared to 2, 4, 8, 10 or 12 days. subsequently, explants of the cultivars aurora, bluecrop, brigitta, and legacy were inoculated with strain eha105 containing the binary vector pbisn1 with the n ...200415300402
phenology and infestation patterns of plum curculio (coleoptera: curculionidae) on four highbush blueberry cultivars.the plum curculio, conotrachelus nenuphar (herbst), is a well known pest in apple and peach orchards, but it also is capable of having an economic impact in highbush blueberries. host phenology and plum curculio oviposition patterns were determined on four highbush blueberry cultivars differing in fruit maturation period. numbers of oviposition scars were higher on early- ('weymouth') and mid-season ('duke' and 'bluecrop') blueberries than on late-season 'elliott' in 2001, 2002, and 2003. in 200 ...200415666742
blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.).recent advances in plant biotechnology have led to a reliable and reproductive method for genetic transformation of blueberry. these efforts built on previous attempts at transient and stable transformation of blueberry that demonstrated the potential of agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation, and as well, the difficulties of selecting and regenerating transgenic plants. as a prerequisite for successful stable transformation, efficient regeneration systems were required despite many r ...200617033069
anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties of blueberry extract (vaccinium corymbosum).blueberries are among the edible fruits that are recognized best for their potential health benefits. the crude extract from vaccinium corymbosum was assessed in anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive models. the crude hydroalcoholic extract was administered orally at doses of 100, 200 or 300 mg kg (-1) for all the assays. in the carrageenan test, the crude extract reduced rat paw oedema by 9.8, 28.5 and 65.9%, respectively. for the histamine assay, the reductions of oedema were 70.1, 71.7 and 81 ...200717430644
berry fruits: compositional elements, biochemical activities, and the impact of their intake on human health, performance, and overwhelming body of research has now firmly established that the dietary intake of berry fruits has a positive and profound impact on human health, performance, and disease. berry fruits, which are commercially cultivated and commonly consumed in fresh and processed forms in north america, include blackberry ( rubus spp.), black raspberry ( rubus occidentalis), blueberry ( vaccinium corymbosum), cranberry (i.e., the american cranberry, vaccinium macrocarpon, distinct from the european cranbe ...200818211023
identification of anthocyanins in the liver, eye, and brain of blueberry-fed pigs.dietary intervention with anthocyanins may confer benefits in brain function, including vision. research to date indicates that animals have only a limited capacity to absorb anthocyanins, compared to other types of flavonoids. pigs, which are a suitable model for human digestive absorption, were used to examine the deposition of anthocyanins in tissues including the liver, eye, and brain tissue. pigs were fed diets supplemented with 0, 1, 2, or 4% w/w blueberries ( vaccinium corymbosum l. 'jers ...200818211026
global warming and flowering times in thoreau's concord: a community a result of climate change, many plants are now flowering measurably earlier than they did in the past. however, some species' flowering times have changed much more than others. data at the community level can clarify the variation in flowering responses to climate change. in order to determine how north american species' flowering times respond to climate, we analyzed a series of previously unstudied records of the dates of first flowering for over 500 plant taxa in concord, massachusetts, ...200818409423
primary and secondary parasitoids (hymenoptera) of aphids (hemiptera: aphididae) on blueberry and other vaccinium in the pacific northwest.blueberry scorch virus, a commercially important carlavirus in highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum l., is vectored by aphids (hemiptera: aphididae). we surveyed the aphids, primary parasitoids (hymenoptera: aphelinidae, braconidae), and associated secondary parasitoids (hymenoptera: charipidae, megaspilidae, pteromalidae) on highbush blueberry and other vaccinium in the pacific northwest from 1995 to 2006, with samples concentrated in 2005 and 2006, to lay the groundwork for augmentative bi ...200818419919
transmission, field spread, cultivar response, and impact on yield in highbush blueberry infected with blueberry scorch virus.scorch disease caused by blueberry scorch virus (blsv) spreads rapidly and radially from foci of infection. healthy potted blueberry plants became infected when placed next to diseased field bushes from early may through mid-august. the aphid fimbriaphis fimbriata, collected from infected field bushes, transmitted blsv to healthy blueberry plants in controlled tests and was regarded as the most important means by which bushes in commercial fields became infected. the rate of spread in the symp-t ...200018944552
antioxidant activity of blueberry fruit is impaired by association with milk.the antioxidant properties of dietary phenolics are believed to be reduced in vivo because of their affinity for proteins. in this study we assessed the bioavailability of phenolics and the in vivo plasma antioxidant capacity after the consumption of blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum l.) with and without milk. in a crossover design, 11 healthy human volunteers consumed either (a) 200 g of blueberries plus 200 ml of water or (b) 200 g of blueberries plus 200 ml of whole milk. venous samples were ...200919135520
volatiles released from vaccinium corymbosum were attractive to aegorhinus superciliosus (coleoptera: curculionidae) in an olfactometric bioassay.the objective of this study was to evaluate the role of host volatiles in the relationship between a blueberry plant vaccinium corymbosum l. and the raspberry weevil aegorhinus superciliosus (guérin) (coleoptera: curculionidae), the principal pest of blueberry in the south of chile. volatiles from the aerial part of different phenological stages of the host were collected on porapak q and analyzed by coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms). several chemical groups were identified in ...200919508787
comparative study of anthocyanin composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity in bilberry (vaccinium myrtillus l.) and blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) fruits.simultaneous comparison of bilberry (vaccinium myrtillus l.) and blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l) fruits for their anthocyanin composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity is reported. the aim of this study was to investigate and to compare anthocyanin composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity in bilberry and blueberry fruits and their skins. the investigations revealed that the highest amount of total anthocyanins was observed in fruits skins of blueberry cultivars. the resul ...200919702172
effects of ozone treatment on botrytis cinerea and sclerotinia sclerotiorum in relation to horticultural product quality.botrytis cinerea and sclerotinia sclerotiorum are fungal pathogens that cause the decay of many fruits and vegetables. ozone may be used as an antimicrobial agent to control the decay. the effect of gaseous ozone on spore viability of b. cinerea and mycelial growth of b. cinerea and s. sclerotiorum were investigated. spore viability of b. cinerea was reduced by over 99.5% (p < 0.01) and height of the aerial mycelium was reduced from 4.7 mm in the control to less than 1 mm after exposure to 450 o ...200919723209
weather during bloom affects pollination and yield of highbush plays an important role in spring-blooming fruit crops due to the combined effects on bee activity, flower opening, pollen germination, and fertilization. to determine the effects of weather on highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum l., productivity, we monitored bee activity and compared fruit set, weight, and seed number in a field stocked with honey bees, apis mellifera l., and common eastern bumble bees, bombus impatiens (cresson). flowers were subjected to one of five treatments d ...201020568598
activity of broad-spectrum and reduced-risk insecticides on various life stages of cranberry fruitworm (lepidoptera: pyralidae) in highbush blueberry.laboratory and semifield bioassays were conducted to determine the life-stage activity of insecticides for controlling cranberry fruitworm, acrobasis vaccinii riley (lepidoptera: pyralidae), a key lepidopteran pest of highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum l. the organophosphates azinphosmethyl and phosmet, the pyrethroid esfenvalerate, and the carbamate methomyl were lethal to all life stages. the neonicotinoids thiacloprid and acetamiprid demonstrated strong larvicidal and ovicidal activity ...201021061972
morphological and molecular characterization of phomopsis vaccinii and additional isolates of phomopsis from blueberry and cranberry in the eastern united states.forty isolates of phomopsis were obtained from twigs and berries of highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum, and cranberry, vaccinium macrocarpon, isolated primarily from plants grown in the eastern united states. they were characterized using conidiomatal morphology, conidial dimensions, colony appearance and growth rate, and sequences of its rdna. based on morphological and molecular similarities, most isolates grouped together with an authentic culture of phomopsis vaccinii shear. this taxon ...200221156520
[effects of exogenous nitric oxide on highbush blueberry psii photochemical activity and antioxidant system under high temperature stress].taking the test tube 'duke' highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) seedlings having been transplanted to the field for 6 months as test materials, this paper studied the effects of exogenous nitric oxide (no) on their growth, ps ii photochemical activity, and antioxidant system under high temperature stress. applying 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0 mmol x l(-1) of exogenous sodium nitroprusside (snp) could alleviate the decrease of maximum photochemical efficiency (fv/fm), actual photochemical efficiency u ...201021328939
identification and field evaluation of attractants for the cranberry weevil, anthonomus musculus say.studies were conducted to develop an attractant for the cranberry weevil, anthonomus musculus, a pest of blueberry and cranberry flower buds and flowers in the northeastern united states. in previous studies, we showed that cinnamyl alcohol, the most abundant blueberry floral volatile, and the green leaf volatiles (z)-3-hexenyl acetate and hexyl acetate, emitted from both flowers and flower buds, elicit strong antennal responses from a. musculus. here, we found that cinnamyl alcohol did not incr ...201121445566
biochemical and molecular changes in response to aluminium-stress in highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.).aluminium (al) stress is an important factor limiting crop yields in acid soils. despite this, very little is known about the mechanisms of resistance to this stress in woody plants. to understand the mechanisms of al-toxicity and response in blueberries, we compared the impact of al-stress in al-resistant and al-sensitive genotypes using vaccinium corymbosum l. (ericaceae) as a plant model. we investigated the effect of al-stress on the physiological performance, oxidative metabolism and expres ...201121596576
Ptcorp gene induced by cold stress was identified by proteomic analysis in leaves of Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.A proteomic approach was employed to investigate the cold stress-responsive proteins in trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.), which is a well-known cold tolerant citrus relative and widely used as rootstock in China. Two-year-old potted seedlings were exposed to freezing temperature (-6°C) for 50 min (nonlethal) and 80 min (lethal), and the total proteins were isolated from leaves of the treated plants. Nine differentially accumulated proteins over 2-fold changes in abundance were i ...201122205537
Blueberry intake alters skeletal muscle and adipose tissue peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor activity and reduces insulin resistance in obese rats.Abstract Metabolic syndrome can precede the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease and includes phenotypes such as obesity, systemic inflammation, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia. A recent epidemiological study indicated that blueberry intake reduced cardiovascular mortality in humans, but the possible genetic mechanisms of this effect are unknown. Blueberries are a rich source of anthocyanins, and anthocyanins can alter the activity of peroxisome proliferator-activat ...201121861718
examining the spatial distribution of flower thrips in southern highbush blueberries by utilizing geostatistical methods.flower thrips (frankliniella spp.) are one of the key pests of southern highbush blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum l. x v. darrowii camp), a high-value crop in florida. thrips' feeding and oviposition injury to flowers can result in fruit scarring that renders the fruit unmarketable. flower thrips often form areas of high population, termed "hot spots", in blueberry plantings. the objective of this study was to model thrips spatial distribution patterns with geostatistical techniques. semivariog ...201122251691
high ice nucleation activity located in blueberry stem bark is linked to primary freeze initiation and adaptive freezing behaviour of the bark.controlled ice nucleation is an important mechanism in cold-hardy plant tissues for avoiding excessive supercooling of the protoplasm, for inducing extracellular freezing and/or for accommodating ice crystals in specific tissues. to understand its nature, it is necessary to characterize the ice nucleation activity (ina), defined as the ability of a tissue to induce heterogeneous ice nucleation. few studies have addressed the precise localization of ina in wintering plant tissues in respect of it ...201425082142
acetobacter strains isolated during the acetification of blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) wine.highbush blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum l.) are known to have positive health benefits. the production of blueberry vinegar is one method to preserve this seasonal fruit and allow extended consumption. in this study, blueberry wine acetification was performed with naturally occurring micro-organisms and with an inoculated acetobacter cerevisiae strain. acetifications were carried out in triplicate using the schützenbach method. the successful spontaneous processes took up to 66% more time tha ...201323682741
antimicrobial, antiadhesive and antibiofilm activity of an ethanolic, anthocyanin-rich blueberry extract purified by solid phase extraction.the present work aimed to characterize the impact of an anthocyanin-rich blueberry extract upon the growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of several pathogens including some multiresistant bacteria.201627349348
blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.).vaccinium consists of approximately 450 species, of which highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) is one of the three major vaccinium fruit crops (i.e., blueberry, cranberry, and lingonberry) domesticated in the twentieth century. in blueberry the adventitious shoot regeneration using leaf explants has been the most desirable regeneration system to date; agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation is the major gene delivery method and effective selection has been reported using either th ...201525416254
complete genome sequences of blueberry red ringspot virus (caulimoviridae) isolates from the czech republic and slovenia.genomic dna of blueberry red ringspot virus (genus soymovirus, family caulimoviridae) from highbush blueberry plants growing for years in the czech republic and slovenia was sequenced. the circular dsdna genomes consist of 8,303 and 8,299 nt, respectively, and contain eight open reading frames (orfs) longer than 100 amino acids. the european isolates are 90% to 99% identical in aa sequences of distinct proteins. in contrast to the american new jersey isolate, in-frame initiation codons have been ...201121796400
genetic variability of blueberry scorch virus isolates from highbush blueberry in new york state.the genetic variability of blueberry scorch virus (blscv) isolates from new york was determined within a portion of the rna-dependent rna polymerase gene and the triple gene block and coat protein (cp) genes. phylogenetic analysis of 19 new york isolates and other isolates for which sequence information is available in genbank revealed two distinct clades, regardless of the coding region analyzed, and limited variability within (0.029 ± 0.007) and between (0.183 ± 0.032) phylogroups. recombinati ...201525809019
occurrence of anthracnose on highbush blueberry caused by colletotrichum species in korea.a total of 82 isolates of colletotrichum species were obtained from anthracnose symptoms of highbush blueberry trees grown in the gochang area of korea during a disease survey in 2008. out of the isolates, 75 were identified as colletotrichum gloeosporioides and the others as c. acutatum based on their morphological and cultural characteristics. twenty six of c. gloeosporioides isolates produced their teleomorph glomerella cingulata in pda culture. three isolates of each c. gloeosporioides and c ...200923983555
phytoparasitic nematodes associated with three types of blueberries in arkansas.research and commercial blueberry plantings were sampled in october 1991 to determine the population densities and species of phytoparasitic nematodes associated with rabbiteye (vaccinium ashei), southern highbush (vaccinium sp.), and highbusb (v. corymbosum) blueberry cultivars and the sod middles between the blueberry rows. in the research planting at clarksville, arkansas, samples from the highbush cv. bluecrop, the southern highbush cv. cooper and gulf coast, and the sod middles had similar ...199419279961
effect of phytosanitary irradiation and methyl bromide fumigation on the physical, sensory, and microbiological quality of blueberries and sweet cherries.the objective of this study was to determine whether irradiation could serve as a suitable phytosanitary treatment alternative to methyl bromide (mb) fumigation for blueberries and sweet cherry and also to determine the effect of phytosanitary irradiation treatment on survival of salmonella spp. and listeria monocytogenes on these fruit. 'bluecrop' blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum) and 'sweetheart' cherries (prunus avium) were irradiated at 0.4 kgy or fumigated with methyl bromide and evaluated ...201626805024
survival of listeria monocytogenes on fresh blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum) stored under controlled atmosphere and ozone.listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that represents a high risk for consumers because it can grow under refrigeration conditions and can also develop acid tolerance. fresh blueberries are hand-picked, packed, and transported under refrigeration without receiving a microbial inactivation treatment. the aim of this work was to study the survival of l. monocytogenes in fresh highbush blueberries stored at 4 or 12 °c under different controlled atmosphere conditions, including air (control ...201424780341
description of the blueberry root-knot nematode, meloidogyne carolinensis n. sp.meloidogyne carolinensis n. sp. is described from cultivated highbush blueberry (cultivars derived from hybrids of vaccinium corymbosum l. and v. lamarckii camp) in north carolina. the perineal pattern of the female has a large cuticular ridge that surrounds the perivulval area, and the excretory pore is near the level of the base of the stylet. the stylet is 15.9 mum long and the knobs gradually merge with the shaft. the head shape and stylet morphology of the male are quite variable. the typic ...198219295713
shelf life determination of fresh blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum) stored under controlled atmosphere and ozone.fresh blueberries are commonly stored and transported by refrigeration in controlled atmospheres to protect shelf life for long periods of storage. ozone is an antimicrobial gas that can extend shelf life and protect fruit from microbial contamination. shelf life of fresh highbush blueberries was determined over 10-day storage in isolated cabinets at 4°c or 12°c under different atmosphere conditions, including air (control); 5% o2 : 15% co2 : 80% n2 (controlled atmosphere storage (cas)); and ozo ...201526904657
vaccinium corymbosum l. (blueberry) extracts exhibit protective action against cadmium toxicity in saccharomyces cerevisiae cells.blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum l.) are a rich source of antioxidants and their consumption is believed to contribute to food-related protection against oxidative stress. in the present study, the chemoprotective action of blueberry extracts against cadmium toxicity was investigated using a cadmium-hypersensitive strain of saccharomyces cerevisiae. four varieties of blueberries were used in the study, and it was found that the extracts with high content of total anthocyanidins exhibited signif ...201424444969
eradication and sensitization of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus to methicillin with bioactive extracts of berry pomace.the therapeutic roles of phenolic blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (rubus fruticosus) pomace (commercial byproduct) extracts (bpe) and their mechanism of actions were evaluated against methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa). five major phenolic acids of bpe, e.g., protocatechuic, p. coumaric, vanillic, caffeic, and gallic acids, as well as crude bpe completely inhibited the growth of vegetative mrsa in vitro while bpe+methicillin significantly reduced mrsa biofilm form ...201728270804
xylella fastidiosa isolates from both subsp. multiplex and fastidiosa cause disease on southern highbush blueberry (vaccinium sp.) under greenhouse conditions.xylella fastidiosa is a xylem-limited gram-negative plant pathogen that affects numerous crop species, including grape, citrus, peach, pecan, and almond. recently, x. fastidiosa has also been found to be the cause of bacterial leaf scorch on blueberry in the southeastern united states. thus far, all x. fastidiosa isolates obtained from infected blueberry have been classified as x. fastidiosa subsp. multiplex; however, x. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa isolates are also present in the southeastern ...201525738552
managed bumble bees (bombus impatiens) (hymenoptera: apidae) caged with blueberry bushes at high density did not increase fruit set or fruit weight compared to open pollination.highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) is an important crop grown throughout florida. currently, most blueberry growers use honey bees (apis mellifera l.) to provide pollination services for highbush blueberries even though bumble bees (bombus spp.) have been shown to be more efficient at pollinating blueberries on a per bee basis. in general, contribution of bumble bees to the pollination of commercial highbush blueberries in florida is unknown. herein, we determined if managed bumble bee ...201728334127
native bee diversity and pollen foraging specificity in cultivated highbush blueberry (ericaceae: vaccinium corymbosum) in rhode island.we identified 41 species of native bees from a total of 1,083 specimens collected at cultivated highbush blueberry plantings throughout rhode island in 2014 and 2015. andrena spp., bombus spp., and xylocopa virginica (l.) were collected most often. bombus griseocollis (degeer), b. impatiens cresson, b. bimaculatus cresson, b. perplexus cresson, and andrena vicina smith collected the largest mean numbers of blueberry pollen tetrads. the largest mean percent blueberry pollen loads were carried by ...201628028090
native bee diversity and pollen foraging specificity in cultivated highbush blueberry (ericaceae: vaccinium corymbosum) in rhode island.we identified 41 species of native bees from a total of 1,083 specimens collected at cultivated highbush blueberry plantings throughout rhode island in 2014 and 2015. andrena spp., bombus spp., and xylocopa virginica (l.) were collected most often. bombus griseocollis (degeer), b. impatiens cresson, b. bimaculatus cresson, b. perplexus cresson, and andrena vicina smith collected the largest mean numbers of blueberry pollen tetrads. the largest mean percent blueberry pollen loads were carried by ...201627744311
contrasting pollinators and pollination in native and non-native regions of highbush blueberry production.highbush blueberry yields are dependent on pollination by bees, and introduction of managed honey bees is the primary strategy used for pollination of this crop. complementary pollination services are also provided by wild bees, yet highbush blueberry is increasingly grown in regions outside its native range where wild bee communities may be less adapted to the crop and growers may still be testing appropriate honey bee stocking densities. to contrast crop pollination in native and non-native pr ...201627391969
lack of pollinators limits fruit production in commercial blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum).modern agriculture relies on domesticated pollinators such as the honey bee (apis mellifera l.), and to a lesser extent on native pollinators, for the production of animal-pollinated crops. there is growing concern that pollinator availability may not keep pace with increasing agricultural production. however, whether crop production is in fact pollen-limited at the field scale has rarely been studied. here, we ask whether commercial highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) production in new ...201425313694
bee species diversity enhances productivity and stability in a perennial crop.wild bees provide important pollination services to agroecoystems, but the mechanisms which underlie their contribution to ecosystem functioning--and, therefore, their importance in maintaining and enhancing these services-remain unclear. we evaluated several mechanisms through which wild bees contribute to crop productivity, the stability of pollinator visitation, and the efficiency of individual pollinators in a highly bee-pollination dependent plant, highbush blueberry. we surveyed the bee co ...201424817218
multiple criteria for evaluating pollinator performance in highbush blueberry (ericales: ericaceae) agroecosystems.numerous bee species provide pollination services in agricultural ecosystems. evaluating a pollinator's performance with regard to a crop is an important step in attributing pollination services and predicting how changes in a bee community or foraging environment will affect those services. we used multiple criteria to evaluate pollinators of north carolina highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum l., agroecosystems. for five groups of bees (apis mellifera l., bombus spp., habropoda laboriosa f ...201324280253
variation in highbush blueberry floral volatile profiles as a function of pollination status, cultivar, time of day and flower part: implications for flower visitation by bees.studies of the effects of pollination on floral scent and bee visitation remain rare, particularly in agricultural crops. to fill this gap, the hypothesis that bee visitation to flowers decreases after pollination through reduced floral volatile emissions in highbush blueberries, vaccinium corymbosum, was tested. other sources of variation in floral emissions and the role of floral volatiles in bee attraction were also examined.201121498566
transmission and the role of honeybees in field spread of blueberry shock ilarvirus, a pollen-borne virus of highbush blueberry.abstract the rapid and random spread of blueberry shock ilarvirus (blshv) in commercial plantings suggested that insects played a role in transmission. transmission from infected field plants to trap plants only occurred during bloom, indicating that flowers were the avenue for infection and flower-visiting insects including pollinators were involved. trap plants readily became infected during bloom when a honeybee hive was included in cages with diseased field plants and trap plants. there was ...199918944785
the vaccinium corymbosum flowering locus t-like gene (vcft): a flowering activator reverses photoperiodic and chilling requirements in blueberry.the blueberry flowering locus t ( ft )-like gene ( vcft ) cloned from the cdna of a tetraploid, northern highbush blueberry ( vaccinium corymbosum l.) is able to reverse the photoperiodic and chilling requirements and drive early and continuous flowering.201323907615
diversity of fungal assemblages in roots of ericaceae in two mediterranean contrasting ecosystems.the plants belonging to the ericaceae family are morphologically diverse and widely distributed groups of plants. they are typically found in soil with naturally poor nutrient status. the objective of the current study was to identify cultivable mycobionts from roots of nine species of ericaceae (calluna vulgaris, erica arborea, erica australis, erica umbellate, erica scoparia, erica multiflora, arbutus unedo, vaccinium myrtillus, and vaccinium corymbosum). the sequencing approach was used to am ...201728302364
adoption of exotic plants by an endemic australian weevil, orthorhinus cylindrirostris (coleoptera: curculionidae).the elephant weevil orthorhinus cylindrirostris (f.) (coleoptera: curculionidae) is endemic to australia and has colonized several exotic crops including citrus, blueberries, and grapevines. we compared the life history of this pest on two native and two exotic host plants: hickory wattle acacia falcata willdenow, rough-barked apple angophora floribunda (smith) sweet, lemon citrus limon (l.) burman, and blueberry vaccinium corymbosum (l.). blueberry was attacked more often (22 of the 24 plants) ...201425198945
protective effect of enzymatic hydrolysates from highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage in chinese hamster lung fibroblast cell line.blueberry was enzymatically hydrolyzed using selected commercial food grade carbohydrases (amg, celluclast, termamyl, ultraflo and viscozyme) and proteases (alcalase, flavourzyme, kojizyme, neutrase and protamex) to obtain water soluble compounds, and their protective effect was investigated against h(2)o(2)-induced damage in chinese hamster lung fibroblast cell line (v79-4) via various published methods. both amg and alcalase hydrolysates showed higher total phenolic content as well as higher c ...201020607062
molecular characterisation of a calmodulin gene, vccam1, that is differentially expressed under aluminium stress in highbush blueberry.calmodulin (cam), a small acidic protein, is one of the best characterised ca(2+) sensors in eukaryotes. this ca(2+) -regulated protein plays a critical role in decoding and transducing environmental stress signals by activating specific targets. many environmental stresses elicit changes in intracellular ca(2+) activity that could initiate adaptive responses under adverse conditions. we report the first molecular cloning and characterisation of a calmodulin gene, vccam1 (vaccinium corymbosum ca ...201323627459
susceptibility of low-chill blueberry cultivars to mediterranean fruit fly, oriental fruit fly, and melon fly (diptera: tephritidae).no-choice tests were conducted to determine whether fruit of southern highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum l., hybrids are hosts for three invasive tephritid fruit flies in hawaii. fruit of various blueberry cultivars was exposed to gravid female flies of bactrocera dorsalis hendel (oriental fruit fly), ceratitis capitata (wiedemann) (mediterranean fruit fly), or bactrocera cucurbitae coquillet (melon fly) in screen cages outdoors for 6 h and then held on sand in the laboratory for 2 wk for ...201121510205
host status of blueberry to invasive tephritid fruit flies in hawaii.forced infestation studies were conducted to determine whether northern or southern highbush blueberries, vaccinium corymbosum l., are hosts for the invasive tephritid fruit flies in hawaii. fruit were exposed to gravid female flies of bactrocera dorsalis hendel (oriental fruit fly), ceratitis capitata (wiedemann) (mediterranean fruit fly), or bactrocera cucurbitae coquillet (melon fly) in screen cages outdoors for 6 h and then held on sand in the laboratory for 2 wk for pupal and adult emergenc ...200919886450
determination of free amino acids and 18 elements in freeze-dried strawberry and blueberry fruit using an amino acid analyzer and icp-ms with micro-wave digestion.the objective of this study was to investigate the level of 18 trace elements of two freeze-dried samples from the blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) and the strawberry (fragaria × ananassa). the total free amino acid composition in the blueberry and strawberry was determined by an amino acid analyzer. eleven free amino acids were found in both berries. the trace elements in each dried fruit sample were determined by icp-ms with microwave digestion. the linearity range of the standard curves was 0 ...201424206704
in vitro antileukaemic activity of extracts from berry plant leaves against sensitive and multidrug resistant hl60 cells.the aim of the present study was to determine in vitro antileukaemic activity of extracts obtained from selected berry plant leaves (fragaria x ananassa duch. cv elsanta, raspberry rubus ideus l. cv polana and blueberry vaccinium corymbosum l. cv bluecrop) against promyelocytic hl60 cell line and its multidrug resistant sublines exhibiting two different mdr phenotypes: hl60/vinc (overexpressing p-glycoprotein) and hl60/dox (overexpressing mrp1 protein). it was found that the blueberry extract wa ...200616039042
cyclooxygenase inhibitory and antioxidant cyanidin glycosides in cherries and berries.anthocyanins from tart cherries, prunus cerasus l. (rosaceae) cv. balaton and montmorency; sweet cherries, prunus avium l. (rosaceae); bilberries, vaccinum myrtillus l. (ericaceae); blackberries, rubus sp. (rosaceae); blueberries var. jersey, vaccinium corymbosum l. (ericaceae); cranberries var. early black, vaccinium macrocarpon ait. (ericaceae); elderberries, sambucus canadensis (caprifoliaceae); raspberries, rubus idaeus (rosaceae); and strawberries var. honeoye, fragaria x ananassa duch. (ro ...200111695879
antioxidant capacity, vitamin c, phenolics, and anthocyanins after fresh storage of small fruits.fresh strawberries (fragaria x ananassa duch.), raspberries (rubus idaeus michx.), highbush blueberries (vaccinium corymbosum l.), and lowbush blueberries (vaccinium angustifolium aiton) were stored at 0, 10, 20, and 30 degrees c for up to 8 days to determine the effects of storage temperature on whole fruit antioxidant capacity (as measured by the oxygen radical absorbing capacity assay, cao et al., clin. chem. 1995, 41, 1738-1744) and total phenolic, anthocyanin, and ascorbate content. the fou ...199910552863
structure of the tortricid-parasitoid community in a recently introduced crop.the introduction of exotic commercial plants represents a change in the food resources for the communities of herbivores. the blueberry is native to the northern hemisphere and was recently introduced in argentina, so we expect to find polyphagous tortricids and a low complexity in the tortricid-parasitoid community. tortricids are exophytic leaf-rollers and flower and fruit feeders, they can feed on different plant structures, and they may be present in every blueberry phenological stage. the a ...201526385238
micropropagation of vaccinium sp. by in vitro axillary shoot proliferation.the vaccinium genus contains several valuable fruit and ornamental species, among others: highbush blueberry (vaccinium × corymbosum l.), cranberry (vaccinium macrocarpon ait.), and lingonberry (vaccinium vitis-idaea l.). in some most popular and valuable cultivars, the conventional propagation methods, exploiting hard or soft wood cuttings, are inefficient. the demand for nursery plants could be fulfilled only by micropropagation. in principle cultivars are propagated in vitro through similar t ...201323179690
seasonal abundance, life history, and parasitism of caloptilia porphyretica (lepidoptera: gracillariidae), a leafminer of highbush blueberry.the leafminer caloptilia porphyretica braun (lepidoptera: gracillariidae), has become a frequent pest in commercial highbush blueberries, vaccinium corymbosum l., in new jersey, but little is known about its seasonal abundance, life history, and parasitism rates. monitoring programs were conducted from 2003 to 2006 on seven blueberry farms to determine the relative abundance of this leafminer by using pheromone-baited traps and by sampling vegetative and flower/fruit clusters and new shoot growt ...201020429440
combined effect of ultrasound, heat, and pressure on escherichia coli o157:h7, polyphenol oxidase activity, and anthocyanins in blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) juice.the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different treatments-heat treatment (ht), sonication (sc), thermosonication (ts), manosonication (ms), manothermal (mt), and manothermosonication (mts) on escherichia coli o157:h7, polyphenol oxidase (ppo), and anthocyanin content in blueberry juice. first, samples were treated at different temperatures (30, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80°c) and power intensities (280, 420, 560, and 700w) for 10min. subsequently, samples were treated using combin ...201728427631
probiotic-mediated blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) fruit fermentation to yield functionalized products for augmented antibacterial and antioxidant activity.the aim of this study was to investigate the fermentation of blueberry fruit with selected probiotic bacteria (bacillus amyloliquefaciens and lactobacillus brevis) and yeast (starmerella bombicola) isolated from fermented starfish for the extraction of functionalized products for biomedical applications. all probiotic-based fermented extracts showed augmented antibacterial and antioxidant activity compared to the control. biochemical parameters of viable cell count, titratable acidity, total phe ...201728690159
differential iridoid production as revealed by a diversity panel of 84 cultivated and wild blueberry species.cultivated blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum, vaccinium angustifolium, vaccinium darrowii, and vaccinium virgatum) is an economically important fruit crop native to north america and a member of the ericaceae family. several species in the ericaceae family including cranberry, lignonberry, bilberry, and neotropical blueberry species have been shown to produce iridoids, a class of pharmacologically important compounds present in over 15 plant families demonstrated to have a wide range of biological ...028609455
vcbbx, vcmyb21, and vcr2r3myb transcription factors are involved in uv-b-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis in the peel of harvested blueberry fruit.this study was carried out to better understand the mechanism responsible for increasing the anthocyanins in blueberries after uv-b radiation at 6.0 kj m(-2) for 20 min. uv-b induced upregulation of genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis in blueberry fruit compared to a nontreated control. phenylalanine ammonia lyase, chalcone synthase, and flavanone 3'-hydroxylase, which are enzymes that function upstream of anthocyanin biosynthesis, were significantly expressed by uv-b. expression levels o ...028166404
red fruits: extraction of antioxidants, phenolic content, and radical scavenging determination: a fruits, as rich antioxidant foods, have gained over recent years capital importance for consumers and manufacturers. the industrial extraction of the phenolic molecules from this source has been taking place with the conventional solvent extraction method. new non-conventional extraction methods have been devised as environmentally friendly alternatives to the former method, such as ultrasound, microwave, and pressure assisted extractions. the aim of this review is to compile the results of ...028106822
frugivory by brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) alters blueberry fruit chemistry and preference by conspecifics.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is an invasive pest from asia that feeds on many agricultural crops in the united states, including blueberries. yet, the effects of h. halys feeding on fruit chemistry and induced resistance to insects remain unknown. here we hypothesized that frugivory by h. halys changes fruit chemical composition, which in turn affects insect feeding behavior. in field experiments, blueberry fruit was either mechanically injured or injured by 0 (contr ...027550164
variation of anthocyanins and other major phenolic compounds throughout the ripening of four portuguese blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l) cultivars.blueberries are widely recognised as one of the richest sources of bioactive compounds, among which are anthocyanins, though the ripeness of berries has been reported as affecting the phytochemical composition of fruits. therefore, the present work aimed to evaluate the variation of anthocyanins, and other major phenolics, throughout five ripening stages in four blueberry cultivars. the results showed that the antioxidant capacity and anthocyanin content increased during ripening, reaching the h ...027686738
myo-inositol content determined by myo-inositol biosynthesis and oxidation in blueberry fruit.myo-inositol metabolism in plant edible organs has become the focus of many recent studies because of its benefits to human health and unique functions in plant development. in this study, myo-inositol contents were analyzed during the development of two blueberry cultivars, cv 'berkeley' and cv 'bluecrop'. furthermore, two vcmips 1/2 (vaccinium corymbosum mips) genes, one vcimp (vaccinium corymbosum imp) gene and one vcmiox (vaccinium corymbosum miox) gene were isolated for the first time from ...027211661
genetic diversity of armillaria spp. infecting highbush blueberry in northern italy (trentino region).armillaria spp. are the causal agents of root rots of several woody plants, including highbush blueberry. since 2003, highbush blueberry plants infected by armillaria spp. have been found in valsugana valley, trentino region, northern italy. our aim was to identify the armillaria spp. involved in these infections, as well as possible sources of inoculum in blueberry fields. samples of armillaria spp. were collected from diseased blueberry plants in 13 infected blueberry fields, from bark spread ...200919453223
protective effects of a blueberry extract in acute inflammation and collagen-induced arthritis in the we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of a blueberry extract in the carrageenan-induced paw edema model and collagen-induced arthritis model, both in rats. along with the chemical characterization of the phenolic content of the fruits and extract, the antioxidant potential of the extract, the cellular antioxidant activity and the effects over neutrophils' oxidative burst, were studied in order to provide a mechanistic insight for the anti-inflammatory effects observed. the extract si ...027551767
bioactive extracts from berry byproducts on the pathogenicity of salmonella typhimurium.the aim of this study was to evaluate the phenotypic and genotypic properties of salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (st) in the presence of lethal and sublethal concentrations (slc2log) of blackberry (rubus fruticosus) and blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) pomace extracts. antimicrobial susceptibility, physicochemical properties, motility, biofilm formation ability, virulence gene expression patterns, and the ability of st to colonize in chick cecum were evaluated in the presence of these bi ...201627565525
microwave-assisted drying of blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) fruits: drying kinetics, polyphenols, anthocyanins, antioxidant capacity, colour and texture.the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of hot air convective drying (hacd), microwave vacuum drying (mwvd) and their combination (hacd+mwvd) on the drying kinetics, colour, total polyphenols, anthocyanins antioxidant capacity and texture of frozen/thawed blueberries. drying resulted in reduction of total polyphenols content and antioxidant capacity (69 and 77%, respectively). the highest content of total polyphenols was noted after hacd at 90°c. lower air temperature and prolonged expos ...027374583
a plant growth-promoting symbiosis between mycena galopus and vaccinium corymbosum seedlings.typically, mycena species are viewed as saprotrophic fungi. however, numerous detections of mycena spp. in the roots of green plants suggest that a continuum from saprotrophy to biotrophy could exist. in particular, mycenoid species have repeatedly been found in ericaceae plant roots. our study asked whether (1) mycena species are commonly found in the roots of green ericaceae plants; (2) mycena sequences are limited to a single group/lineage within the genus; and (3) a mycena sp. can behave as ...201728842791
separation, characterization and quantification of phenolic compounds in blueberries and red and black currants by hplc-dad-esi-msn.the phenolic profile of four blueberry varieties (vaccinium corymbosum l., cv. toro, legacy, duke and bluecrop) and two varieties (rosenthal and rovada) of red currants (ribes rubrum l.) and black currants (ribes nigrum l.) cultivated in macedonia have been analyzed using hplc coupled to diode-array detection and tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. a complex profile of anthocyanins, flavonols, flavan-3-ols and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives has been assayed in acetone-acetic ...201121401099
alternative growth promoters modulate broiler gut microbiome and enhance body weight gain.antibiotic growth promoters (agps) are frequently used to enhance weight-gain in poultry production. however, there has been increasing concern over the impact of agp on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in zoonotic bacterial pathogens in the microbial community of the poultry gut. in this study, we adopted mass-spectrophotometric, phylogenetic, and shotgun-metagenomic approaches to evaluate bioactive phenolic extracts (bpe) from blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (rubus frutic ...201729123512
temperature-related development and population parameters for drosophila suzukii (diptera: drosophilidae) on cherry and blueberry.temperature-related studies were conducted on drosophila suzukii matsumura (diptera: drosophilidae: drosophilini). from 10-28°c, temperature had a significant impact on blueberries, vaccinium corymbosum l. (ericales: ericaceae), and cherries, prunus avium (l.) l. 1755 (rosales: rosaceae), important commercial hosts of d. suzukii. temperature had a significant influence on d. suzukii developmental period, survival, and fecundity, with decreasing developmental periods as temperatures increased to ...201424612968
relationship between polyphenol content and anti-influenza viral effects of berries.berries are known to have many kinds of biological activities. we focused on their antiviral effect, which has not yet been well evaluated.201323355221
profiling of iridoid glycosides in vaccinium species by uhplc-ms.the iridoid profile of four vaccinium species was investigated using uhplc-ms to obtain further information about this group of species for phytochemical characterization. fruits of bog bilberry (vaccinium uliginosum l.) showed 14 different iridoid glycosides with a total amount of 20mg/kg fresh weight (fw), whereas bilberry (vaccinium myrtillus l.) contained 11 iridoid glycosides and a total amount of 127mg/kg fw. highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) and lowbush blueberry (vaccinium ang ...201728964369
antioxidant and metabolite profiling of north american and neotropical blueberries using lc-tof-ms and multivariate analyses.there are many neotropical blueberries, and recent studies have shown that some have even stronger antioxidant activity than the well-known edible north american blueberries. antioxidant marker compounds were predicted by applying multivariate statistics to data from lc-tof-ms analysis and antioxidant assays of 3 north american blueberry species (vaccinium corymbosum, vaccinium angustifolium, and a defined mixture of vaccinium virgatum with v. corymbosum) and 12 neotropical blueberry species (an ...201323547798
procyanidin, anthocyanin, and chlorogenic acid contents of highbush and lowbush blueberries.the health benefits of blueberry consumption on the vascular system and brain are mediated in part by their flavonoid content. in light of this, six cultivated highbush blueberry varieties ( vaccinium corymbosum l.) and one lowbush or wild blueberry ( vaccinium angustifolium l.) were analyzed for their anthocyanin, flavanol oligomer, and chlorogenic acid contents. the highbush varieties bluecrop, o'neal, bluejay, and brigitta had significantly greater levels of anthocyanidins compared to the oth ...201222175691
antioxidant capacity and polyphenolic content of blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) leaf infusions.antioxidant capacity and polyphenolic content of leaf infusions prepared from six highbush blueberry cultivars (vaccinium corymbosum l.), one wild lowbush blueberry cultivar (vaccinium myrtillus l.), and one commercially available mix of genotypes were determined. in order to simulate household tea preparation conditions, infusions were prepared in water heated to 95 degrees c. the dynamics of extraction of polyphenolic antioxidants were monitored over the course of 30 minutes. extraction effici ...200919627210
resveratrol, pterostilbene, and piceatannol in vaccinium berries.a study was conducted to determine the presence of resveratrol, pterostilbene, and piceatannol in vaccinium berries. samples representing selections and cultivars of 10 species from mississippi, north carolina, oregon, and canada were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. resveratrol was found in vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry), vaccinium arboretum (sparkleberry), vaccinium ashei (rabbiteye blueberry), vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry), vaccinium elliottii (elliot ...200415264904
resveratrol in raw and baked blueberries and bilberries.resveratrol in the fruits of bilberry (vaccinium myrtillus l.), the lowbush "wild" blueberry (vaccinium angustifolium aiton), the rabbiteye blueberry (vaccinium ashei reade), and the highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) were measured using a new assay based on high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (lc-ms/ms). the lc-ms/ms assay provided lower limits of detection than previous methods for resveratrol measurement, 90 fmol of trans-resveratrol injected on-column, a ...200313129286
dual action of highbush blueberry proanthocyanidins on aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and the host inflammatory response.the highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) has a beneficial effect on several aspects of human health. the present study investigated the effects of highbush blueberry proanthocyanidins (pacs) on the virulence properties of aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and macrophage-associated inflammatory responses.201829321009
interactive effects of aluminum and cadmium on phenolic compounds, antioxidant enzyme activity and oxidative stress in blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) plantlets cultivated in evaluate the potential role of phenolic compounds in al and cd stress tolerance mechanisms, vaccinium corymbosum cv. legacy plantlets were exposed to different metal concentrations. the present study used an in vitro plant model to test the effects of the following treatments: 100μm al; 100μmal + 50μmcd; and 100μmal + 100μmcd during periods of 7, 14, 21 and 30 days. the oxidative damage was determined by the accumulation of malondialdehyde (mda) and hydrogen peroxide (h2o2). the antioxidant a ...201829294441
pollen foraging differences among three managed pollinators in the highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum) agroecosystem.highbush blueberry, vaccinium corymbosum (gray), production in british columbia is dependent upon insect pollination for fruit yield with particular cultivars demonstrating low yields due to poor pollination. new managed species of pollinators are being developed to provide farmers with managed pollinator options beyond apis mellifera (linnaeus). pollinators in highbush blueberry agricultural systems encounter a variety of nontarget floral resources that may affect the pollination received by th ...201729272434
evidence that blueberry floral extracts influence secondary conidiation and appressorial formation of colletotrichum fioriniae.blueberry anthracnose, caused by colletotrichum fioriniae, is a pre- and post-harvest disease of cultivated highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.). during disease development the pathogen undergoes several lifestyle changes during host colonization, including epiphytic, quiescent, and necrotrophic phases. it is not clear, however, what if any host signals alter the pattern of colonization during the initial epiphytic phase and infection. this research investigated the role of blueberry flo ...201729264959
cognitive improving effects by highbush blueberry (vaccinium crymbosum l.) vinegar on scopolamine-induced amnesia mice model.the present study aimed to evaluate the preventive effects of highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.) vinegar (bv) on cognitive functions in a scopolamine (sco)-induced amnesia model in mice. in this study, sco (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection) was used to induce amnesia. icr mice were orally administered donepezil (5 mg/kg), blueberry extract (120 mg/kg), and bv (120 mg/kg) for 7 days. after inducing cognitive impairment by sco, a behavioral assessment using behavior tests (i.e., y-maze ...201829260547
abscisic acid stimulates anthocyanin accumulation in 'jersey' highbush blueberry fruits during ripening.non-climacteric blueberry (vaccinium spp.) fruits accumulate high levels of anthocyanins during ripening, which are a good source of dietary antioxidants. this study examined the effects of exogenous abscisic acid (aba) application on fruit characteristics and anthocyanin accumulation in a northern highbush blueberry (v. corymbosum 'jersey') during development. fruits on shrubs were treated with 1gl-1 aba before the initiation of fruit colouration. application of aba temporarily increased the le ...201829120800
diurnal activity of drosophila suzukii (diptera: drosophilidae) in highbush blueberry and behavioral response to irrigation and application of insecticides.spotted wing drosophila, drosophila suzukii matsumura (diptera: drosophilidae), is an invasive vinegar fly that has become a primary direct pest of berry crops worldwide. we conducted 2 yr of behavioral studies in blueberry plantings to determine how fly activity varied throughout the day. observations of diurnal activity of adult d. suzukii found the greatest activity in the morning hours between 0600 and 0800 hours, when the majority of flies were on the berries. flies were also active in the ...201728961749
blueberry supplementation attenuates microglia activation and increases neuroplasticity in mice consuming a high-fat diet.consuming a high-fat diet (hfd) may result in behavioral deficits similar to those observed in aging animals. blueberries may prevent and even reverse age-related alterations in neurochemistry and behavior. it was previously demonstrated that middle-aged mice fed hfd had impaired memory; however, supplementation of hfd with blueberry reduced these memory deficits. as a follow-up to that study, the brain tissue from hfd-fed mice with and without blueberry supplementation was assessed to determine ...201728931353
effect of pullulan coating on postharvest quality and shelf-life of highbush blueberry (vaccinium corymbosum l.).fruits form an important part of a healthy human diet as they contain many ingredients with proven pro-health effects such as vitamins, phenolic compounds, organic acids, fiber, and minerals. the purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of pullulan coating on the quality and shelf life of highbush blueberry during storage. general appearance, weight loss, dry matter, soluble solid content, reducing sugars, content of l-ascorbic acid, phenolic compounds (total phenolics, phenolics acids an ...201728820473
regulation of gene expression in roots of the ph-sensitive vaccinium corymbosum and the ph-tolerant vaccinium arboreum in response to near neutral ph stress using rna-seq.blueberries are one of the few horticultural crops adapted to grow in acidic soils. neutral to basic soil ph is detrimental to all commonly cultivated blueberry species, including vaccinium corymbosum (vc). in contrast, the wild species v. arboreum (va) is able to tolerate a wider range of soil ph. to assess the molecular mechanisms involved in near neutral ph stress response, plants from ph-sensitive vc (tetraploid) and ph-tolerant va (diploid) were grown at near neutral ph 6.5 and at the prefe ...201728784085
different levels of uv-b resistance in vaccinium corymbosum cultivars reveal distinct backgrounds of phenylpropanoid metabolites.uv-b radiation induces several physiological and biochemical effects that can influence regulatory plant processes. vaccinium corymbosum responds differently to uv-b radiation depending on the uv-b resistance of cultivars, according to their physiological and biochemical features. in this work, the effect of two levels of uv-b radiation during long-term exposure on the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, and the expression of genes associated with flavonoid biosynthesis as well as the absolute quantif ...201728779619
preparation of nanoscale iron (oxide, oxyhydroxides and zero-valent) particles derived from blueberries: reactivity, characterization and removal mechanism of arsenate.the application of iron nanoparticles (fenps) to the removal of various pollutants has received wide attention over the last few decades. a synthesis alternative to obtain these nanoparticles without using harmful chemical reagents, such as nabh4, is the use of extracts from different natural sources that allow a lesser degree of agglomeration, in a process known as green synthesis. in this study, fenps were synthesized by 'green' (hereafter, bb-fe nps) and 'chemical' (hereafter, nzvi) methods. ...201728708983
predicting ascospore release of monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi of blueberry with machine learning.mummy berry, caused by monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi, causes economic losses of highbush blueberry in the u.s. pacific northwest (pnw). apothecia develop from mummified berries overwintering on soil surfaces and produce ascospores that infect tissue emerging from floral and vegetative buds. disease control currently relies on fungicides applied on a calendar basis rather than inoculum availability. to establish a prediction model for ascospore release, apothecial development was tracked in three ...201728696170
transcriptomic changes reveal gene networks responding to the overexpression of a blueberry dwarf and delayed flowering 1 gene in transgenic blueberry plants.constitutive expression of the cbf/dreb1 for increasing freezing tolerance in woody plants is often associated with other phenotypic changes including dwarf plant and delayed flowering. these phenotypic changes have been observed when arabidopsis dwarf and delayed flowering 1 (ddf1) was overexpressed in a. thaliana plants. to date, the ddf1 orthologues have not been studied in woody plants. the aim of this study is to investigate transcriptomic responses to the overexpression of blueberry (vacci ...201728629320
nitrogen-source preference in blueberry (vaccinium sp.): enhanced shoot nitrogen assimilation in response to direct supply of nitrate.blueberry (vaccinium sp.) is thought to display a preference for the ammonium (nh4+) form over the nitrate (no3-) form of inorganic nitrogen (n). this n-source preference has been associated with a generally low capacity to assimilate the no3- form of n, especially within the shoot tissues. nitrate assimilation is mediated by nitrate reductase (nr), a rate limiting enzyme that converts no3- to nitrite (no2-). we investigated potential limitations of no3- assimilation in two blueberry species, ra ...201728578080
evaluation of attractants for monitoring drosophila suzukii (diptera: drosophilidae).drosophila suzukii matsumura is an economically important pest of soft and small fruit crops. unlike other drosophilid flies, d. suzukii is capable of infesting ripe and partially ripe fruit, which poses a significant pest management challenge, as there is no tolerance for infested or damaged fruit in the marketplace. as a result, producers in many regions rely on calendar-scheduled insecticide applications for d. suzukii management. in order to develop an integrated pest management approach, be ...201728444365
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