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[anti-infective phytotherapies of the tree-savannah, senegal (occidental africa). iii: a review of phytochemical substances and the antimicrobial activity of 43 species].a review has been made of the ethnobotanical and pharmacological data of 43 medicinal plants of the tree-savannah used by the diola against infectious diseases. the traditional use of ten plants can be explained by pharmacologically active principles: adansonia digitata, azadirachta indica, carica papaya, cassia tora, fagara leprieurii, guiera senegalensis, khaya senegalensis, mangifera indica, psidium guajava and voacanga africana. four of these herbs are recommended for use in primary health c ...19892664354
nutritive value of baobab milk (gubdi) and mixtures of baobab (adansonia digitata l.) and hungry rice, acha (digitaria exilis) flours.the baobab milk and fermented baobab/acha flour mixtures were analyzed chemically for their proximate, ascorbate, mineral and antinutrient composition. the dry pulp scraped from baobab fruits was kneaded, made into solution, extracted through cheese-cloth and stored frozen until analyzed. the acha and baobab grains were cleaned, fermented for 24 to 120 hours, dried and hammermilled into fine flours. the unfermented flours served as controls. the standard assay methods of aoac were selected for u ...19947855083
some nigerian plants of dermatologic importance.according to the world health organization (who), 80% of the world's population uses medicinal plants in the treatment of diseases and, in african countries, this rate is much higher. in recent years, however, medicinal plants have represented a primary health source for the pharmaceutical industry. no less than 400 compounds derived from plants are currently used in the preparation of drugs, such as vincristine and vinblastine used in the treatment of cancer. nigerians still depend largely on c ...200717919209
milk yield and quality in guernsey cows fed cottonseed cake-based diets partially substituted with baobab (adansonia digitata l.) seed cake.the objective of this study was to determine the effects of partially substituting cottonseed cake with graded levels of baobab (adansonia digitata l.) seed cake (bsc) on milk yield and quality in guernsey cows. sixteen cows in mid-lactation and in their third parity were allocated to diets containing 0% (control), 5%, 10%, and 15% bsc in a completely randomized design. each cow was given a daily feed ration of 6 kg and a basal diet of soya bean stover ad libitum. there were no differences in da ...201120652741
potent α-amylase inhibitory activity of indian ayurvedic medicinal plants.indian medicinal plants used in the ayurvedic traditional system to treat diabetes are a valuable source of novel anti-diabetic agents. pancreatic α-amylase inhibitors offer an effective strategy to lower the levels of post-prandial hyperglycemia via control of starch breakdown. in this study, seventeen indian medicinal plants with known hypoglycemic properties were subjected to sequential solvent extraction and tested for α-amylase inhibition, in order to assess and evaluate their inhibitory po ...201121251279
development of a locally sustainable functional food based on mutandabota, a traditional food in southern africa.a probiotic dairy product was developed on the basis of a traditional dish called mutandabota to enable resource-poor populations in southern africa to benefit from a functional food. mutandabota is widely consumed in rural southern africa, making it an ideal food matrix to carry probiotics. first, a process to produce probiotic mutandabota was designed. raw cow milk was boiled and subsequently cooled to ambient temperature (25°c). next, dry pulp from the fruit of the baobab tree (adansonia digi ...201424630646
spatial genetic structuring of baobab (adansonia digitata, malvaceae) in the traditional agroforestry systems of west africa.this study evaluates the spatial genetic structure of baobab (adansonia digitata) populations from west african agroforestry systems at different geographical scales using aflp fingerprints. eleven populations from four countries (benin, ghana, burkina faso, and senegal) had comparable levels of genetic diversity, although the two populations in the extreme west (senegal) had less diversity. pairwise f(st) ranged from 0.02 to 0.28 and increased with geographic distance, even at a regional scale. ...200921628247
the classical drug discovery approach to defining bioactive constituents of botanicals.in this review, several recently identified biologically active principles of selected botanical dietary supplement ingredients are described, and were isolated using classical phytochemical chromatographic methods, with various spectroscopic procedures used for their isolation and structure elucidation. a central component of such an approach is "activity-guided fractionation" to monitor the compound purification process. in vitro assays germane to cancer chemoprevention were used to facilitate ...201120804827
traditional leafy vegetables in senegal: diversity and medicinal uses.six administrative regions of senegal were investigated. forty species of vegetable leaves which are traditionally consumed in senegal have been inventoried. all species are members of twenty-one families the most numerous of which are amaranthaceae juss., malvaceae juss., moraceae link., the papilionaceae giseke and tiliaceae juss. the species are subdivided into three groups: cultivated leafy vegetables, plants gathered annually, perennial sub-ligneous and ligneous species. the gathered specie ...200720161914
chloroplast dna phylogeography suggests a west african centre of origin for the baobab, adansonia digitata l. (bombacoideae, malvaceae).the african baobab (adansonia digitata l.) is an emblematic, culturally important, and physically huge tropical tree species whose natural geographical distribution comprises most of tropical africa, but also small patches of southern arabia, and several atlantic and indian ocean islands surrounding the african continent, notably including madagascar. we analysed the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism of five chloroplast dna fragments obtained from 344 individuals ...200919302348
food-related behaviors during drought: a study of rural fulani, northeastern nigeria.two rural settled fulani villages in northeast nigeria were surveyed for dietary practices and use of edible wild plants (n = 100 adult subjects). dietary patterns and medical data were obtained for children under 5, pregnant and lactating women and the elderly. a diversified diet was maintained at both geographical locations through hunting, gathering, agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, food exchanges and cash purchases. edible wild plants associated with children included fruits of b ...200010953753
[traditional therapy of dracunculiasis in the state of bauchi - nigeria].traditional medicinal treatments of guinea worm being applied in various parts of bauchi state were investigated. extracts of leaves of a number of plants were universally applied topically. users perceived relief of pain and accelerated expulsion of worms and healing process. in particular, tamarindus indica, adansonia digitata, calotropis procera, ziziphus jaozeiro and moringa olifera are known in nature to have relevant medicinal properties especially lessening of inflammation, relief of pain ...19937758381
methanol extract of adansonia digitata leaf protects against sodium arsenite-induced toxicities in male wistar rats.human and animal population exposure to arsenic through the consumption of arsenic contaminated water is rampant in many parts of the world. protective agents of medicinal plants origin could provide maximum protection against toxicities of various kinds.201728250647
biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles from adansonia digitata l. fruit pulp extract, characterization, and its antimicrobial properties.in the present study, we report a cost-effective, eco-friendly, and an efficient alternative method for large scale production of silver nanoparticles (agnps) from adansonia digitata fruit pulp extract. the study mainly focused on the synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial properties of agnps.201727069729
phytochemical constituents and antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of selected plants used traditionally as a source of food.many indigenous plants have also been used as a source of food and medicine in many african rural communities in the past. the study investigated the antimicrobial activity, phytochemical constituent, and antioxidant activity of selected traditional plants used traditionally as a source of food and medicine. the methanol and water extracts of different plant parts were analyzed for phytochemicals using standard phytochemical screening reagents while the broth microdilution assays were used to an ...201626987025
protective effect of adansonia digitata against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in rats.the baobab fruit (adansonia digitata) was analyzed for proximate composition, amino acids, and minerals. the fruit pulp was found to be a good source of carbohydrates, proteins, phenols, and substantial quantities of k, ca, and mg. amino acid analyses revealed high glutamic and aspartic acid, but the sulfur amino acids were the most limited. the present study was designed to investigate the role of adansonia digitata (baobab fruit pulp) against isoproterenol induced myocardial oxidative stress i ...201626913549
wild medicinal and food plants used by communities living in mopane woodlands of southern angola: results of an ethnobotanical field investigation.mopane woodlands play an important role in the livelihood strategies of local populations; however, they have been scarcely investigated by ethnobiologists and very little is currently known about plants traditionally used by local communities, especially about medicinal plants.201626639153
a review of commercially important african medicinal plants.data on the relative importance and research status of commercially relevant african medicinal plants are needed for developing new research strategies in order to stimulate much-needed ethnopharmacological research and to promote the commercialization of african plants.201526498493
blanching influences the phenolics composition, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory effect of adansonia digitata leaves extract on α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and aldose reductase.adansonia digitata (a. digitata) leaves serve as food and has several medicinal uses in many parts of the world. this study evaluated the influence of blanching on the phenolics composition, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory effect of methanol extract of a. digitata leaves on the activities of some key enzymes (α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and aldose reductase) implicated in type 2 diabetes (t2d) in vitro. reverse-phase hplc analysis revealed that the leaves had appreciable levels of flavonoids ...201728265358
feeding in fear? how adult male western chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) adjust to predation and savanna habitat pressures.we evaluated risk-sensitive foraging in adult male western chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) occupying a savanna environment at fongoli, senegal. the aim of this study was to determine how the risks of predation and heat stress influenced their behavior while feeding on a key food, fruit of the baobab tree (adansonia digitata).201728369733
traditional plant use in burkina faso (west africa): a national-scale analysis with focus on traditional medicine.the west african country of burkina faso (bfa) is an example for the enduring importance of traditional plant use today. a large proportion of its 17 million inhabitants lives in rural communities and strongly depends on local plant products for their livelihood. however, literature on traditional plant use is still scarce and a comprehensive analysis for the country is still missing.201525971673
in vivo antimalarial activity, toxicity and phytochemical screening of selected antimalarial plants.malaria continues to kill over a million people each year and in many populations affected by malaria, conventional drugs are often unaffordable or inaccessible. historically, plants have been a prominent source of antimalarial drugs. those plants currently used by indigenous people to treat malaria should be documented and investigated as potential sources of new antimalarial drugs.201323376043
searching for the oldest baobab of madagascar: radiocarbon investigation of large adansonia rubrostipa trees.we extended our research on the architecture, growth and age of trees belonging to the genus adansonia, by starting to investigate large individuals of the most widespread malagasy species. our research also intends to identify the oldest baobabs of madagascar. here we present results of the radiocarbon investigation of the two most representative adansonia rubrostipa (fony baobab) specimens, which are located in south-western madagascar, in the tsimanampetsotse national park. we found that the ...201525806967
fungi associated with black mould on baobab trees in southern africa.there have been numerous reports in the scientific and popular literature suggesting that african baobab (adansonia digitata) trees are dying, with symptoms including a black mould on their bark. the aim of this study was to determine the identity of the fungi causing this black mould and to consider whether they might be affecting the health of trees. the fungi were identified by sequencing directly from mycelium on the infected tissue as well as from cultures on agar. sequence data for the its ...201525935334
antibacterial activities of the methanol extracts of seven cameroonian dietary plants against bacteria expressing mdr phenotypes.the morbidity and mortality caused by bacterial infections significantly increased with resistance to commonly used antibiotics. this is partially due to the activation of efflux pumps in gram-negative bacteria. the present work designed to assess the in vitro antibacterial activities of seven cameroonian dietary plants (sesamum indicum, sesamum radiatum, cinnamomum zeylanicum, corchous olitorius, cyperus esculentus, adansonia digitata, aframomum kayserianum), against multidrug resistant (mdr) g ...201323961425
the polyphenol-rich baobab fruit (adansonia digitata l.) reduces starch digestion and glycemic response in humans.the baobab fruit (adansonia digitata l.) is found throughout regions of africa and is becoming increasingly recognized for its high nutrient and polyphenol content. polyphenols have been beneficial for their effects on reducing the glycemic response (gr) and for improving various other metabolic parameters. based on previous research, it was hypothesized that the baobab fruit extract would reduce starch digestion in vitro and would show potential for reducing the gr and for increasing satiety an ...201324176228
antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases.ethnopharmacology relevance: many people are infected by venereal diseases and the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) in rural areas. sexual transmitted diseases are considered a disgrace in the community because of the stigmas attached to them. indigenous people tend to use several medicinal plants to treat these infectious diseases rather than western medicines.201121402139
proximate analysis of five wild fruits of mozambique.mozambique is rich in wild fruit trees, most of which produce fleshy fruits commonly consumed in rural communities, especially during dry seasons. however, information on their content of macronutrients is scarce. five wild fruit species (adansonia digitata, landolphia kirkii, sclerocarya birrea, salacia kraussii, and vangueria infausta) from different districts in mozambique were selected for the study. the contents of dry matter, fat, protein, ash, sugars, ph, and titratable acidity were deter ...201323983641
antibacterial activities of selected edible plants extracts against multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria.in response to the propagation of bacteria resistant to many antibiotics also called multi-drug resistant (mdr) bacteria, the discovery of new and more efficient antibacterial agents is primordial. the present study was aimed at evaluating the antibacterial activities of seven cameroonian dietary plants (adansonia digitata, aframomum alboviolaceum, aframomum polyanthum, anonidium. mannii, hibiscus sabdarifa, ocimum gratissimum and tamarindus indica).201323837916
polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of fourteen wild edible fruits from burkina faso.a total of fourteen (14) species of wild edible fruits from burkina faso were analyzed for their phenolic and flavonoid contents, and their antioxidant activities using the dpph, frap and abts methods. the data obtained show that the total phenolic and total flavonoid levels were significantly higher in the acetone than in the methanol extracts.detarium microcarpum fruit had the highest phenolic and the highest flavonoid content,followed by that of adansonia digitata, ziziphus mauritiana, ximeni ...200818463567
dietary fiber, organic acids and minerals in selected wild edible fruits of mozambique.the harvesting, utilization and marketing of indigenous fruits and nuts have been central to the livelihoods of the majority of rural communities in african countries. in this study we report on the content of dietary fiber, minerals and selected organic acids in the pulps and kernels of the wild fruits most commonly consumed in southern mozambique. the content of soluble fiber in the pulps ranged from 4.3 to 65.6 g/100 g and insoluble fiber from 2.6 to 45.8 g/100 g. in the kernels the content o ...201323539474
anti-inflammatory and mutagenic evaluation of medicinal plants used by venda people against venereal and related diseases.inflammation is a major risk factor for various human diseases including venereal diseases, often resulting in treatment complications. plants have been traditionally used for treatment of many different diseases and have been successfully proven to be an alternative source in treatment of infectious diseases.201323276783
isolation and evaluation of mucilage of adansonia digitata linn as a suspending agent.natural excipients can serve as alternative to synthetic products because of local accessibility, biodegradability, eco-friendly nature and cost effectiveness as compared to synthetic products. therefore, it is a current need to explore natural excipients that can be used as an effective alternative excipient for the formulation of pharmaceutical dosage forms. adansonia digitata (malvaceae) has been traditionally used as febrifuge, antiasthmatic and also in the treatment of dysentery, smallpox, ...201326709363
indigenous knowledge system for treatment of trypanosomiasis in kaduna state of nigeria.a survey was carried out in kaduna state of nigeria to establish the indigenous knowledge system for treating trypanosomiasis in domestic animals. questionnaire and interviews were, respectively, administered to, or conducted with about 200 livestock farmers and traders spread around the state. data obtained revealed the use of several plants either alone or in combination, for the treatment and management of trypasonomiasis. the most common plants encountered were adansonia digitata, terminalia ...200211801393
energy and micronutrient composition of dietary and medicinal wild plants consumed during drought. study of rural fulani, northeastern nigeria.two rural settled fulani villages, northeastern nigeria, were surveyed for dietary practices and use of edible wild plants (n = 100 households). commonly consumed species of edible wild barks, fruits, leaves, nuts, seeds, and tubers were analyzed for protein, fat, and carbohydrate and for minerals. kuka bark (adansonia digitata) given to infants to increase weight gain was high in fat, calcium, copper, iron, and zinc. cediya (ficus thonningii), dorowa (parkia biglobosa) and zogale (moringa oleif ...200010945116
the importance of baobab (adansonia digitata l.) in rural west african subsistence--suggestion of a cautionary approach to international market export of baobab fruits.the european commission recently authorized the import of baobab (adansonia digitata l.) fruit pulp as a novel food. in rural west africa the multipurpose baobab is used extensively for subsistence. three hundred traditional uses of the baobab were documented in benin, mali, and senegal across 11 ethnic groups and 4 agroecological zones. baobab fruits and leaves are consumed throughout the year. the export of baobab fruits could negatively influence livelihoods, including reduced nutritional int ...201121883078
radiocarbon dating of a very large african baobab.in late 2004, grootboom, probably the largest known african baobab (adansonia digitata l.), collapsed unexpectedly in northeastern namibia. ten wood samples collected from different areas of the trunk were processed and investigated by accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dating. the radiocarbon dates of three samples were greater than 1000 years bp (radiocarbon years before present, i.e., before ad 1950). the corresponding calibrated calendar age of the oldest sample was 1275 +/- 50 years, ...200717669746
patterns of genetic and morphometric diversity in baobab (adansonia digitata) populations across different climatic zones of benin (west africa).baobab (adansonia digitata) is a multi-purpose tree used daily by rural african communities. the present study aimed at investigating the level of morphometric and genetic variation and spatial genetic structure within and between threatened baobab populations from the three climatic zones of benin.200616520343
mineral composition of non-conventional leafy vegetables.six non-conventional leafy vegetables consumed largely by the rural populace of nigeria were analyzed for mineral composition. mineral contents appeared to be dependent on the type of vegetables. amaranthus spinosus and adansonia digitata leaves contained the highest level of iron (38.4 mg/100 g and 30.6 mg/100 g dw, respectively). these values are low compared to those for common nigerian vegetables but higher than those for other food sources. all the vegetables contained high levels of calciu ...199810890755
effect of processing on nutrient composition and anti-nutritive substances of african locust bean (parkia filicoidea) and baobab seed (adansonia digitata).the effects of various processing techniques on nutrient composition and anti-nutritional factors in baobab seeds (adansonia digitata l.) and locust beans (parkia filicoidea l.) were investigated. the methods used for processing include boiling in water, acid or alkali and fermentation. using the water treated samples as controls, there were slight decreases in protein and carbohydrate contents of the fermented and alkali-treated meals. however, an increase in extractable oil content was observe ...19958837869
effect of fermentation on the nutrient and antinutrient composition of baobab (adansonia digitata) seeds and rice (oryza sativa) grains.this study is part of an ongoing investigation on the effect of fermentation on chemical and antinutrient compositions of baobab seeds and rice grains. baobab seeds and rice grains were cleaned and fermented for 24, 48, and 72 h, respectively, by the microflora present in both the seed and the grains. the ph and titratable acidity of the unfermented and fermented samples were determined. the samples were dried and milled into fine flours respectively. standard assay techniques were used to evalu ...200322260173
further iinvestigations on the antiviral activities of medicinal plants of togo.further studies were done on the antiviral activities of 10 species of togolese medicinal plants, previously shown to possess activity against herpes simplex virus (hsv). the dominant activity in all cases was virucidal (direct inactivation of virus particles), although adansonia digitata extracts also appeared to have intracellular antiviral activities as well, which could indicate the presence of multiple antiviral compounds, or a single compound with multiple actions. in the seven most active ...200021214439
the history of introduction of the african baobab (adansonia digitata, malvaceae: bombacoideae) in the indian subcontinent.to investigate the pathways of introduction of the african baobab, adansonia digitata, to the indian subcontinent, we examined 10 microsatellite loci in individuals from africa, india, the mascarenes and malaysia, and matched this with historical evidence of human interactions between source and destination regions. genetic analysis showed broad congruence of african clusters with biogeographic regions except along the zambezi (mozambique) and kilwa (tanzania), where populations included a mixtu ...201526473060
[a baobab solution for the prevention and treatment of acute dehydration in infantile diarrhea].the purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of a local solution based on "pain de singe", fruit of baobab (adansonia digitata), and the who standard solution in the treatment of children with acute diarrhea and resulting mild to moderate dehydration.19979827122
mineral values of selected plant foods common to southern burkina faso and to niamey, niger, west africa.wild and cultivated fruits, leaves, nuts, seeds, spices and vegetables from southern burkina faso and niamey, niger, were analysed for their copper, iron, magnesium, manganese and zinc concentrations and compared to imported, exotic reference foods found within the study area. the species analysed covered a broad spectrum of local diet; 33 were wild and 16 were cultivated. the edible wild plants were often the highest in mineral concentrations. five species analysed, exhibited consistently high ...19968616672
studies of biosorption of pb2+, cd2+ and cu2+ from aqueous solutions using adansonia digitata root powders.the potentials of adansonia digitata root powders (adrp) for adsorption of pb(2+), cd(2+) and cu(2+) from aqueous solutions was investigated. physico-chemical analysis of the adsorbent (adrp) shows that hydroxyl, carbonyl and amino groups were predominant on the surface of the adsorbent. scanning electron microscope (sem) image revealed its high porosity and irregular pores in the adsorbent while the energy dispersive x-ray spectrum showed the major element with 53.0% nitrogen, 23.8% carbon, 9.1 ...201626267780
a 1000-year carbon isotope rainfall proxy record from south african baobab trees (adansonia digitata l.).a proxy rainfall record for northeastern south africa based on carbon isotope analysis of four baobab (adansonia digitata l.) trees shows centennial and decadal scale variability over the last 1,000 years. the record is in good agreement with a 200-year tree ring record from zimbabwe, and it indicates the existence of a rainfall dipole between the summer and winter rainfall areas of south africa. the wettest period was c. ad 1075 in the medieval warm period, and the driest periods were c. ad 163 ...201525970402
variability of vitamins b1, b2 and minerals content in baobab (adansonia digitata) leaves in east and west africa.the regional variability and age-age correlation on vitamin b1, vitamin b2 and minerals (ca, mg, p, k, cu, fe, mn, na, and zn) concentration in baobab leaves were investigated. baobab was cultivated from seeds from 11 countries including benin, burkina faso, kenya, malawi, mali, mozambique, niger, tanzania, togo, senegal, and sudan. vitamins b1 and b2 content were assessed using microbiological vitafast kits methods and minerals by atomic absorption and flame spectrometry methods. overall, the r ...201525649547
the 15-lipoxygenase inhibitory, antioxidant, antimycobacterial activity and cytotoxicity of fourteen ethnomedicinally used african spices and culinary herbs.culinary herbs and spices are widely used ethnomedically across africa. they are traditionally employed in the treatment of several ailments including inflammation disorders, pain alleviation and infectious diseases. pharmacological studies are necessary to provide a scientific basis to substantiate their traditional use and safety. in this study, the 15-lipoxygenase inhibitory, antioxidant, antimycobacterial and the cytotoxic activities, total phenolic and flavonoid contents of fourteen edible ...201425150529
antisickling activity of adansonia digitata. 19883222381
a new flavanonol glycoside from adansonia digitata roots.a new flavanonol glycoside isolated from the roots of adansonia digitata has been characterised as 3,7-dihydroxy flavan-4-one-5-o-beta- d-galactopyranosyl (1 --> 4)-beta- d-glucopyranoside on the basis of degradation, spectral and chemical studies.198417340272
beneficial effect of adansonia digitata (gorakha chinch) in bronchial asthma and allergic (skin disorders). 196514290251
[amino acid composition of the leaves and fruit pulp of baobab (adansonia digitata linn.)]. 195813546894
[leaves of baobab (adansonia digitata l.); chemical composition and physiological action]. 200614903720
investigation of medicinal plants of togo for antiviral and antimicrobial activities.methanol extracts were prepared from 19 medicinal plants of togo and, by means of standard laboratory tests, were analysed for antiviral and antibiotic activities. ten of the 19 showed significant antiviral activity and all but two displayed antibiotic activity. extracts of three species, adansonia digitata (the most potent), conyza aegyptiaca and palisota hirsuta , were active against all three test viruses (herpes simplex, sindbis and poliovirus). the other seven, however, were more selective, ...200021214438
the african baobab (adansonia digitata, malvaceae): genetic resources in neglected populations of the nuba mountains, sudan.201425253710
a methanol extract of adansonia digitata l. leaves inhibits pro-inflammatory inos possibly via the inhibition of nf-κb activation.this study examined the total polyphenol content of eight wild edible plants from ethiopia and their effect on no production in raw264.7 cells. owing to its relatively high polyphenol concentration and inhibition of no production, the methanol extract of adansonia digitata l. leaf (mead) was subjected to detailed evaluation of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. antioxidant effects were assessed by measuring free-radical-scavenging activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) a ...201324009873
indigenous perception and characterization of yanyanku and ikpiru: two functional additives for the fermentation of african locust bean.indigenous perception, processing methods, and physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of yanyanku and ikpiru, two additives used to produce fermented african locust bean condiments, sonru and iru, were evaluated. according to producers, these additives accelerate the fermentation and soften the texture of the condiments. yanyanku is produced by spontaneous fermentation with either hibiscus sabdariffa or gossypium hirsutum or adansonia digitata seeds, whereas only hibiscus sabdariffa ...201121888591
nitrilotriacetic acid functionalized adansonia digitata biosorbent: preparation, characterization and sorption of pb (ii) and cu (ii) pollutants from aqueous solution.nitrilotriacetic acid functionalized adansonia digitata (nfad) biosorbent has been synthesized using a simple and novel method. nfad was characterized by x-ray diffraction analysis technique (xrd), scanning electron microscopy (sem), brunauer-emmett-teller (bet) surface area analyzer, fourier transform infrared spectrometer (ftir), particle size dispersion, zeta potential, elemental analysis (chns/o analyzer), thermogravimetric analysis (tga), differential thermal analysis (dta), derivative ther ...201627812387
nutrient composition of selected indigenous fruits from sub-saharan africa.indigenous fruits constitute an important part of human diets in many sub-saharan african countries, particularly in rural areas and during droughts. in order to promote and expand the utilisation of these fruits, knowledge on their nutritional composition is essential. this review presents the results of a literature research of the nutritional composition of ten selected indigenous fruits from sub-saharan africa. species were selected based on their current importance as well as their future p ...201323633245
arabinogalactan proteins from baobab and acacia seeds influence innate immunity of human keratinocytes in vitro.plant derived arabinogalactan proteins (agp) were repeatedly confirmed as immunologically as well as dermatologically active compounds. however, little is currently known regarding their potential activity toward skin innate immunity. here, we extracted and purified agp from acacia (acacia senegal) and baobab (adansonia digitata) seeds to investigate their biological effects on the hacat keratinocyte cell line in an in vitro system. while agp from both sources did not exhibit any cytotoxic effec ...201627736003
treatment of iron deficiency anaemia with the natural hematinic carbaodeim.iron deficiency anaemia is frequently seen in the paediatric age group. modifying the treatment options according to the affected area resources will help accessibility and compliance to treatment. response of children with iron deficiency anaemia to a natural hematinic (carboadeim) versus iron syrup plus folic acid treatment was compared in this study. this is a prospective, interventional, controlled, hospital-based study conducted among children with iron deficiency anaemia residing in hussei ...201627651552
a regional stable carbon isotope dendro-climatology from the south african summer rainfall area.carbon isotope analysis of four baobab (adansonia digitata l.) trees from the pafuri region of south africa yielded a 1000-year proxy rainfall record. the pafuri record age model was based on 17 radiocarbon dates, cross correlation of the climate record, and ring structures that were presumed to be annual for two of the trees. here we present the analysis of five additional baobabs from the mapungubwe region, approximately 200km west of pafuri. the mapungubwe chronology demonstrates that ring st ...201627427912
larvicidal and repellent properties of adansonia digitata against medically important human malarial vector mosquito anopheles stephensi (diptera: culicidae).development of plant-based alternative compounds for mosquito control has gained importance now-a-days, in view of increasing resistance in mosquito vectors to existing insecticides. the larvicidal and repellent activities of benzene, chloroform, hexane and methanol leaf extracts of indian medicinal plant, adansonia digitata were investigated against malarial vector, anopheles stephensi.201222898480
ticks (acari: ixodidae) associated with wildlife and vegetation of haller park along the kenyan coastline.this artcile describes the results obtained from a tick survey conducted in haller park along the kenyan coastline. the survey aimed at evaluating tick-host associations, assessing tick population density, and providing baseline information for planning future tick control and management in the park. ticks (2,968) were collected by handpicking from eight species of wildlife and by dragging in 14 selected sites within the park. a considerable proportion of ticks were also collected from leaves, s ...200617017210
three new graphium species from baobab trees in south africa and madagascar.baobabs (adansonia spp.) are iconic trees, known for their immense size, strange forms, sources of food and as the subjects of myths and mysteries. it is thus surprising that little is known regarding the fungi that infect these trees. during a survey to determine which wound infecting fungi occur on baobabs, synnematous structures were observed and graphium-like isolates were obtained. culture characteristics and micro-morphology, together with dna sequence comparisons for the ssu rrna, rrna-it ...201021339967
application of a computer-assisted structure elucidation program for the structural determination of a new terpenoid aldehyde with an unusual skeleton.the structure of a novel compound from adansonia digitata has been elucidated, and its (1) h and (13) c nmr spectra have been assigned employing a variety of one-dimensional and two-dimensional nmr techniques without degradative chemistry. the advanced chemistry development acd/structure elucidator software was important for determining part of this structure that contained a fused bicyclic system with very few hydrogen atoms, which in turn, exhibited essentially no discriminating hmbc connectiv ...201727396835
chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility.the baobab seed and pulp were analyzed for proximate composition, mineral content, and amino acid composition. the seed oil and protein were evaluated for their fatty acid profile and protein solubility. the seed was found to be a good source of energy, protein, and fat. both the kernel and the pulp contain substantial quantities of calcium, potassium, and magnesium. amino acid analyses revealed high glutamic and aspartic acid contents and the sulfur-containing amino acids as being the most limi ...200415675149
studies of pharmacognostical profiles of dansonia digitata linn.the macroscopic characters of the whole plant, physical constant values, extractive values, preliminary phyto-chemical tests, fluorescence characters under ultra-violet light after treatment with different reagents of the powdered leaves form the tree of adansonia digitata linn., [bombacaceae] were studied to fix some pharmacognostical parameters. preliminary phytochemical screening on the methanolic extract of the plant was also performed. these studies will help in identification of this plant ...200422557153
low nutritional quality of unconventional tropical crop seeds in rats.as the search for alternative sources of food to alleviate hunger continues, this study was undertaken to determine the biological value in growing rats (bv) of proteins of some lesser known tropical seeds gathered in nigeria. antinutritional factors (trypsin inhibitors, phytic acid, oxalate, tannin, alkaloids) and amino acid compositions were also determined, and protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (pdcaas) was calculated using the amino acid requirement pattern of the preschool ch ...19989808658
nutrient composition and nutritional importance of green leaves and wild food resources in an agricultural district, koutiala, in southern mali.this paper discusses the nutrient composition and the nutritional importance of green leaves and wild gathered foods in an area with surplus food production in mali. in this west african country, there is little information about the nutrient composition and the nutritional quality of foods in general, and of wild gathered foods in particular. food frequency was collected in two cross-sectional surveys. focus group discussions with women in the area were used to collect information about seasona ...19968933199
anti-microbial activity and anti-complement activity of extracts obtained from selected hawaiian medicinal plants.selected plants having a history of use in polynesian traditional medicine for the treatment of infectious disease were investigated for anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial activity in vitro. extracts from scaevola sericea, psychotria hawaiiensis, pipturus albidus and eugenia malaccensis showed selective anti-viral activity against herpes simplex virus-1 and 2 and vesicular stomatitis virus. aleurites moluccana extracts showed anti-bacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus and pseu ...19958786654
evaluation of hepatoprotective activity of adansonia digitata extract on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.the methanol extract of the fruit pulp of adansonia digitata l. (malvaceae) was examined for its hepatoprotective activity against liver damage induced by acetaminophen in rats. the principle depends on the fact that administration of acetaminophen will be associated with development of oxidative stress. in addition, hepatospecific serum markers will be disturbed. treatment of the rats with the methanol extract of the fruit pulp of adansonia digitata l. prior to administration of acetaminophen s ...201627118980
the calcium and phosphorus intakes of rural gambian women during pregnancy and lactation.the ca and p intakes of 148 pregnant and lactating women in a rural village in the gambia, west africa, have been estimated by direct weighing of food on a total of 4188 d. the ca and p contents of local foods were determined by analysis of raw ingredients, snack foods and prepared dishes. information about the contribution of mineral-rich seasonings was obtained. efforts were made to discover unusual sources of ca that might not be perceived as food by subject or observer. the main contributors ...19938329362
evaluation of mineral elements and ascorbic acid contents in fruits of some wild plants.the fruits of some wild plants were examined for their contents of mineral elements and ascorbic acid. high levels of ascorbic acid were found in fruits of sclerocarya birrea (403.3 mg/100 g) and adansonia digitata (337 mg/100 g). in nine of the fruits examined, the mineral contents (ca, p) were comparable with average values found in common fruits. the iron contents were however 2-5 times higher than the values for common fruits.19911852726
[bioavailability of prolonged-liberation tablets of theophylline and paracetamol formulated in pulp from the fruit of baobab (adansonia digitata l.)]. 19892726991
[a new excipient in pharmaceutical formulation of theophylline tablets of the hydrophilic matrix type: the pulp of the baobab fruit (adansonia digitata l.)]. 19883234534
analysis of nutritional components of eight famine foods of the republic of niger.in the western sahel, indigenous plants become important staples when cereal harvests are inadequate to support populations inhabiting that region of africa. the purpose of this study was to assess the nutrient content of several of these edible wild plants. the leaves of the following seven plant foods were analyzed: ziziphus mauritiana, cerathotheca sesamoides, moringa oleifera, leptadenia hastata, hibiscus sabdarifa, amaranthus viridis, and adansonia digitata. the fatty acid, vitamin e, carot ...19989839831
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