dipylidium caninum in puerto rico: report of a human case. 1979295652
a survey of gastro intestinal helminth parasites of stray dogs in zaria, nigeria.a survey of helminth parasites in stray dogs was carried out in the zaria area. out of 180 dogs examined 65.6 per cent (118/180) were found positive for ancylostoma caninum, while toxocara canis and trichuris vulpis were detected in 41.1 per cent (74/180) and 13.9 per cent (25/180) respectively. other helminth parasites found taenia ovis 35 per cent (63/180) taenia hydatigena 67.8 per cent (122/180), echinococcus granulosus 0.006 per cent (1/180) and dipylidium caninum 97.8 per cent (176/180).1979452351
the efficacy of praziquantel against cestodes in cats, dogs and sheep.praziquantel is a new type of acylated isoquinoline-pyrazine. a single, low oral or subcutaneous dose of the compound is reliably effective against all tested juvenile and adult cestodes in cats, dogs and sheep. praziquantel is the first cestodicide which is also effective on bile duct cestodes. in cats and dogs, 5 mg praziquantel per kg is completely effective on all stages of taenia hydatigena, t pisiformis, t ovis, t taeniaeformis, dipylidium caninum, mesocestoides corti, echinococcus multilo ...1978564542
dipylidiasis in a 57-year-old interesting case of tapeworm infection in a human caused by dipylidium caninum was recently diagnosed in the illawarra area of n.s.w. since it involved and adult (a 57-year-old woman) and recorded human infections are rare in the australian literature, it was decided to describe this case of dipylidiasis.1977565458
phospholipid composition of dipylidium caninum.the phospholipid composition of dipylidium caninum has been studied. chloroform-methanol-soluble fraction amounted to 2.4% and phospholipids to 0.5% of the wet weight of the parasite. phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl ethanolamine represented the bulk of the phospholipids, whereas phosphatidyl serine, phosphatidyl inositol, lysolecithin and lysophosphatidyl ethanolamine were present in minor amounts. sulfatides were also identified in this parasite.1978569068
niclosamide as a treatment for hymenolepis diminuta and dipylidium caninum infection in the 5-year period 1973-1977, 43 patients infected with dipylidium caninum and 43 patients infected with hymenolepis diminuta were treated with yomesan (niclosamide) in the dosages recommended by the parasitic disease drug service, center for disease control. the first post-treatment stool specimen and 1-week and 3-month specimens were examined in 13 patients with d. caninum and 19 patients with h. diminuta. one hundred percent (13/13) of those with d. caninum and 89% (17/19) of those with h. ...1979572147
critical evaluation of taeniacidal antibiotic s15-1 (sq 21, 704) for removal of natural tapeworm infections in dogs and cats.the new taeniacidal antibiotic s15-1 (sq 21,704) was evaluated against naturally occuring infections of taenia pisiformis in 53 dogs, dipylidium caninum in 35 dogs, t taeniaformis in 18 cats, and d caninum in 33 cats. it all instances, the compound was administered in gelatine capsules in a single oral dose. the doses tested were between and 200 mg/kg of body weight in dogs and between 15 and 45 mg/kg in cats. in dogs, doses of 25 mg/kg and greater were 100% effective against t pisiformis, where ...1979573080
[dipylidium caninum (dilepididae-cestoda). report of 2 human cases]. 1979575808
gastro-intestinal helminths of domestic dogs in the republic of south africa.of the gastro-intestinal helminths found in 1 063 dogs from different parts of the country, dipylidium caninum, the most prevalent cestode, occurred in 19,7% of the animals. echinococcus granulosus was present in 10 dogs, 8 of which were from urban areas, and taenia hydatigena in 69 dogs. taemia multiceps was recovered from dogs only in the cape province and the orange free state. toxocara canis was present in 81 of the necropsies carried out on 253 dogs from the pretoria municipal area, while a ...1979575920
gastrointestinal helminths in dogs from a humane shelter in indiana.between january 1975 and august 1976, the alimentary tracts of 104 euthanatized dogs from a humane shelter in tippecanoe county, indiana, were examined to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths. the survey was restricted to dogs greater than 1 year old. their average age was estimated at approximately 2 years. parasitism was detected in 86.5% of the dogs examined. ancylostoma caninum was found most often (58.7%), followed by trichuris vulpis (51.9%), taenia sp (31.7%), toxocara c ...1978721684
[research on intestinal parasitic diseases in dogs of the city of rome].a survey on the diffusion of intestinal parasites of dogs in the town of rome. the results of a survey on the diffusion of cestodes and nematodes in a hundred dogs in rome are reported. the dogs were subjected to fecal examinations --- using both the flottation method and the mcmaster method -- and to the post-mortem examination of the intestine. at post-mortem examination 25 dogs were found parasitized by one or more species of nematodes, 19 by one or more species of cestodes and 12 both by ces ...1977754133
helminth parasites of the fox (vulpes vulpes) in new south wales.a total of 930 foxes (vulpes vulpes) from new south wales were examined for the presence of gastro-intestinal helminth parasites. the cestodes were represented by taenia pisiformis with a prevalence of 15.7%, t. serialis (22.6%), t. taeniaeformis (0.1%), spirometra erinacei (28.7%) and dipylidium caninum (8.3%). no specimens of t. ovis, t. hydatigena or echinococcus granulosus were encountered. toxocara canis was the most prevalent nematode and occurred in 35.2% of foxes. other nematodes encount ...1976985241
internal parasites of feral cats from the tasmanian midlands and king island.eighty-six feral cats from a sheep grazing area in the tasmanian midlands and 21 from king island were examined for internal parasites. major food items in order of decreasing prevalence in stomach contents were insects, lizards, birds, rodents and frogs in the midlands, and rodents, birds, insects, and lizards on king island. feral cats from the midlands had 4 cestode, 7 nematode, 2 trematode and 3 protozoan parasites as follows: spirometra erinacei (66.3%), taenia taeniaeformis (2.3%), dipylid ...1976985246
changes in hookworm distribution in surinam.during the months may-july, 1974, a follow-up investigation was carried out on hookworm infections in dogs and cats in order to study changes in the hookworm distribution in surinam since 1967. fifty-two cats and 152 dogs were examined for the presence of helminths in the oesophagus, small intestine, coecum and heart. in total 15,942 helminths were isolated; most of these (14,006) were hookworms belonging to the species ancylostoma caninum, a. tubaeforme, a. ceylanicum and a. braziliense. the av ...1976987625
[endomitosis in the cestode dipylidium caninum (cestodes, dipylidiidae)]. 1976988657
[detection of intestinal parasites from dogs in tochigi-city in 1979 and 1991].to clarify whether sanitary and hygienic conditions surrounding humans and pet animals have improved or not, we examined feces from dogs for intestinal parasites in tochigi in 1979 and 1991. intestinal parasites were detected from 109 of the 262 dogs (41.9%) in 1979 and 86 of the 260 dogs (32.8%) in 1991. among the parasites. ancylostoma caninum, tirchuris vulpis and toxocara canis were most commonly detected, and their detection rates were higher in 1979. on the contrary, dipylidium caninum, st ...19921293225
dipylidium caninum in an infant.the tapeworm, dipylidium caninum, occurs worldwide in dogs and cats. it may occur rarely in children, when the infection may be unrecognised or misdiagnosed. we report such a case.19921396912
an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnostic detection of taenia saginata copro-antigens in immunodiagnostic sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) was developed for the detection of soluble taenia saginata antigens in stool samples (copro-antigens) of infected humans, using affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies obtained from rabbits hyperimmunized with excretory/secretory antigens derived from t. saginata maintained in vitro. investigation of operating characteristics showed very low cross-reactivity with crude antigens from helminths other than taenia, including dipy ...19911719664
dog tapeworm (dipylidium caninum) infestation in a 6-month-old infant. 19921728644
effect of milbemycin oxime against ancylostoma caninum in dogs with naturally acquired infection.twenty-six mixed-breed (14 males, 12 females) dogs were used in a double-blind study to evaluate the effect of milbemycin oxime against naturally acquired infection with ancylostoma caninum. dogs were ranked and paired, on the basis of number of hookworm eggs/g of feces, and treatment was randomly assigned. each dog was given either the study drug or placebo (1 tablet/11.4 kg [0.5 mg/kg] of body weight). eggs per gram of feces enumeration was done on days 3 and 7 after treatment, and dogs were e ...19911883101
cross-reactions between crude antigens of larval taenia solium (cysticercus cellulosae) and other helminths of pigs.a crude antigen extract of larval taenia solium was shown by immunodiffusion (id) and immunoelectrophoresis (iep) to cross-react with rabbit antisera against pig serum proteins and larval t. hydatigena, and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) with antisera against pig serum proteins, fasciolopsis buski, larval t. hydatigena, hydatid cyst, hymenolepis diminuta and dipylidium caninum. immunoblotting demonstrated that the crude antigens extract contained epitopes of pig serum proteins of 4 ...19911910221
prevalence and biology of endosymbionts of fleas (siphonaptera: pulicidae) from dogs and cats in alachua county, florida.a study was conducted to determine the prevalence and biology of endosymbionts in local populations of fleas collected from dogs and cats in alachua co., florida. four hundred three ctenocephalides felis (bouché), 194 pulex simulans baker, and 44 echidnophaga gallinacea (westwood) were examined. fleas were collected from 52 dogs and 51 cats. from 1 to 20 fleas were dissected from each host. a variety of microorganisms and metazoa was observed, including a baculovirus, gram-negative bacteria, ric ...19902280390
field trials of the anthelmintic efficacy of nitroscanate and mebendazole in dogs.the efficacies of nitroscanate and mebendazole against nematodes and dipylidium caninum were compared by the examination of the faeces of 155 dogs. in unweaned puppies nitroscanate acted significantly faster and was significantly more effective than mebendazole against toxocara canis. in adult dogs, both drugs had a low efficacy against trichuris vulpis but a similarly good efficacy against other nematodes, with a tendency for nitroscanate to be more effective in reducing the prevalence of ancyl ...19902309388
detection of taenia hydatigena copro-antigens by elisa in dogs.a sandwich-elisa was developed for the detection of soluble taenia hydatigena antigens in fecal samples of dogs. affinity-purified polyclonal catching antibodies and alkaline phosphatase-conjugated detecting antibodies were employed, which had been obtained from rabbits hyperimmunized with excretory/secretory antigens derived from in vitro maintained adult taenia hydatigena. the assay allowed the detection of 800 ng t. hydatigena antigen g-1 of feces as a lower limit. six helminth-free dogs were ...19902382393
comparative histochemical studies of glycosidase activity in some helminths.comparative histochemical studies of glycosidase activity were carried out in clonorchis sinensis, eurytrema pancreaticum, fasciola hepatica, dipylidium caninum, hymenolepis nana, ascaris suum, toxocara canis, ancylostoma caninum, trichuris vulpis and dirofilaria immitis. the enzymes examined were: n-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (ec, beta-glucuronidase (ec and beta-galactosidase (ec there were variations in enzyme distribution and intensity among the species and als ...19863084622
parasites of stray dogs in the rabat region, morocco.eighteen parasites were identified from 57 stray dogs from the urban and rural areas of rabat. the prevalence of the species of parasites was: ctenocephalides (c. canis, c. felis) 94.7%, rhipicephalus sanguineus 68.5%, linguatula serrata, babesia canis, isospora canis each 3.5%, toxocara canis 7%, dirofilaria immitis, taenia hydatigena, t. pisiformis each 12.3%, dipetalonema dracunculoides 10.5%, ancylostoma caninum 17.5% echinococcus granulosus 22.8%, toxascaris leonina 33.3%, dipylidium caninu ...19873675044
a case of dipylidium caninum in baton rouge, louisiana.the relevant literature concerning human dipylidiasis has been reviewed with specific reference to the association of children and their pet dog and cats. a specific case is recounted which is considered to be typical of the condition as encountered by pediatricians and general practitioners.19863759358
the prevalence of parasitic helminths in stray dogs in the baghdad area, iraq.the prevalence of parasitic helminths in 20 stray dogs from the area of baghdad was recorded. taenia spp. were found in 12 dogs, dipylidium caninum in ten dogs, toxocara canis in eight dogs, ancylostoma caninum in seven dogs and echinococcus granulosus in five dogs. spirocerca lupi and dirofilaria immitis were found in three dogs, mesocestoides lineatus in two dogs and strongyloides stercoralis in one dog.19863800471
zoonotic helminths of dogs and cats at new bussa, kainji lake area, nigeria.a survey of the dog and cat population at new bussa revealed a significant high frequency of potential helminths of public health importance. this include hookworm ancylostoma spp.; echinococcus granulosa, dipylidium caninum in dog; and opisthorchis felineus, toxocara cati and capillaria hepatica in cat. the rural conditions of the area is an important factor in understanding the role cat and dog may play in spread of uncommon human parasites.19853833831
canine and human gastrointestinal helminthiasis of the kainji lake area, investigation into gastrointestinal helminthiasis in human and dog population of the kainji lake area revealed a high prevalence of helminthiasis which may be due to lack of adequate health and veterinary facilities; crowdiness and squalid environment. the prevalent parasites in humans were ancylostoma sp, 40.33%; ascaris lumbricoides, 44.07% and strongyloides stercoralis 4.05%, while in dogs ancylostoma sp, 36.95%, dipylidium caninum, 28.26%, echinococcus granulosus, 8.69% and s. stercoralis ...19853833832
studies on the prevalence of gastro-intestinal helminths of dogs in calabar, nigeria.the results of investigational study to determine the prevalence of gastro-intestinal helminths of dogs in calabar, nigeria with particular emphasis on the effects of sex and age of the animals on the occurrence of these endoparasites are presented. of a total of 254 dogs sampled using saturated brime solution floatation method and formalin-ether sedimentation method, 223 (86.97%) were infected. a breakdown of the number of parasitized dogs shows that 180 (70.86%) were positive for ancylostoma c ...19853869127
the prevalence and epidemiology of cestodes in dogs in clwyd, wales. ii. hunting dogs.studies of a foxhound pack and gundog kennel in clwyd, wales showed 47 of 162 foxhounds (29%) and six of 25 gundogs (24%) to be infested with cestodes. taeniia species were found in both groups, t. hydatigena being most common. echinococcus granulosus and dipylidium caninum were found in hounds only. the husbandry of the dogs was investigated and close relationships were found between diet, worming procedures and cestode infestation. these dogs play an important role in disseminating cestode egg ...19873675042
anthelmintic efficacy of ivermectin in naturally parasitized cats.ivermectin was administered per os [( po]; n = 15) or subcutaneously [( sc]; n = 3) to naturally parasitized cats at 10 (n = 6), 100 (n = 6), or 300 (n = 6) micrograms/kg of body weight. nontreated control cats were given sterile isotonic saline solution po (n = 5) or sc (n = 1). qualitative fecal examinations were performed on each cat 1 day before treatment and 14 days after treatment. cats were euthanatized 14 days after treatment, at which time parasites from the gastrointestinal tracts were ...19873592364
effects on the development of dipylidium caninum and on the host reaction to this parasite in the adult flea (ctenocephalides felis felis).temperature was found to be a major factor affecting the development of dipylidium caninum and the presence of a host reaction of adult ctenocephalides felis felis to d. caninum. adult fleas reared at 30-32 degrees c contained fully developed metacestodes when they emerged from their cocoons. however at lower temperatures, d. caninum could not complete development until the flea hosts had spent some time on their mammalian hosts. it was the surface temperature of the mammals (31-36 degrees c) an ...19873575292
[infection by dipylidium caninum in a young girl treated with praziquantel]. 19873504158
factors affecting the development of dipylidium caninum in ctenocephalides felis felis (bouché, 1835).ctenocephalides felis felis larvae were infected with dipylidium caninum at a range of temperatures from 20 degrees - 35 degrees c at 3 mm hg saturation deficit (sd) and 30 degrees c at 8 mm hg sd. hosts were subsequently dissected at 6, 9 and 12 days after infection. four replicate experiments were performed and results of development, and host reactions analysed by the genstat computer programme. these were found to depend on the temperature and saturation deficit of the environment. unlike pr ...19854082734
the fine structure and histochemistry of the infective eggs of dipylidium caninum. 19674228860
intestinal helminthic infections of cats in calabar, nigeria.a study of intestinal helminthic infections of 52 cats (felis catus) was undertaken in calabar, nigeria. direct smear and zinc sulphate floatation technique were utilized. the following helminths were observed: toxocara cati (28.85%), ancylostoma tubaeforme (19.23%), trichuris felis (5.77%), dipylidium caninum (23.08%) and taenia taeniaeformis (9.61%). the worm burdens were generally low, ranging from 2 to 20 per cat. no definite pattern of infection was observed with regard to sex. trematodes w ...19883169644
dipylidium caninum infection in a 14-month-old child. 19734739037
axenomycins, new cestocidal antibiotics.axenomycins are a new group of macrolide antibiotics isolated from the fermentation broth of streptomyces lisandri n.sp. they exhibit anthelmintic activity against tapeworms (cestoda). three different fractions, a, b, and d, have been obtained, the most active fraction being axenomycin d. the activities of the axenomycin complex and axenomycin d against hymenolepis nana in mice, taenia pisiformis, dipylidium caninum, and diphyllobothrium sp. in dogs, and moniezia expansa, m. benedeni, and avitel ...19734790622
efficacy of niclosamide for the removal of tapeworms (dipylidium caninum and taenia pisiformis) from dogs. 19715104641
histochemical localization of monoamines in the nervous system of dipylidium caninum (cestoda) by the formaldehyde fluorescence technique. 19715170627
dipylidium caninum, echinococcus granulosus and hydatigera taeniaeformis: histochemical identification of cholinesterases. 19695362584
[taeniasis caused by dipylidium caninum in a boy]. 19695406131
dipylidium caninum infestation. 19685692121
[dipylidium caninum in an infant]. 19665914052
[a further case of human dipylidiasis with dipylidium caninum]. 19665981743
superoxide dismutase in cestodes. isoenzymatic characterization and studies of inhibition by a series of benzimidazoles and by pyrimidine derivatives of recent synthesis.the activities of superoxide dismutase (sod) (e.c. in extracts of five cestode parasites (moniezia expansa, m. benedeni, avitellina centripunctata. taenia hydatigena and dipylidium caninum) were investigated. the polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns revealed that each of the five species had four isoenzyme bands; they could be differentiated principally by their displacements and, less clearly, by their intensities. determinations were made of the inhibitory activities of four be ...19892783180
immunodiagnosis of giardiasis by elisa and studies on cross-reactivity between the anti-giardia lamblia antibodies and some heterologous parasitic antigens and fractions.specific antibodies against giardia lamblia in 92 sera from asymptomatic carriers were investigated by elisa. using cyst antigen, antibodies were detected in 91 of the sera, by means of alkaline phosphatase-labelled antispecies immunoglobulin. the e/405nm values of the positive sera ranged between 0.350 and 1.700, whereas in the 78 control sera they were 0.270 +/- 0.220. cross-reactivity between the anti-g. lamblia antibodies and 18 heterologous parasitic antigens and fractions was also studied. ...19846486935
prevalence of toxocariasis and echinococcosis among dogs in the niger delta.a sample of 60 dogs in the port harcourt area of the niger delta was examined for intestinal parasites. the high prevalence rates of toxocara canis (56.6%) and echinococcus granulosus (85.0%) in the area are discussed in relation to public health. other parasites found in dogs include toxascaris leonina (3.3%), uncinaria stenocephala (70.0%), dipylidium caninum (88.3%), trichuris vulpis (56.7%), ancylostoma caninum (65.0%) and taenia hydatigenia (43.3%).19846530709
epsiprantel, a new tapeworm remedy. preliminary efficacy studies in dogs and cats.the anthelmintic potential of epsiprantel, 2-(cyclohexylcarbonyl)-4-oxo-1,2,3,4,6,7,8,12b-octahydropyrazin [2,1-a] [2]benzapine, was revealed using the tapeworms dipylidium caninum and taenia taeniaeformis in the cat, and taenia pisiformis and t. hydatigena in the dog. subsequent controlled tests in cats demonstrated oral efficacy of 100% against d. caninum with a single dose of 2.5 mg/kg. although consistently 100% effective against t. taeniaeformis at 5 mg/kg, a single worm was found in one ca ...19892775987
intestinal cestodes of stray dogs in jordan.five species of cestodes namely echinococcus granulosus, taenia hydatigena, taenia pisiformis, taenia ovis and dipylidium caninum were recovered post mortem from 120 out of 173 stray dogs collected from the 5 governorates of jordan during the period june 1979 to november 1980. twenty-five of the examined dogs (14%) were found to be infected with e. granulosus, 79 (46%) with t. hydatigena, 14 (8%) with t. pisiformis and 5 (3%) with t. ovis. dipylidium caninum was encountered in 33 (19%) of the ex ...19846539037
prevalence of helminth parasites of dogs in lusaka, zambia.eighty-five dogs were examined and the numbers and types of helminth parasites found were recorded. forty per cent of the dogs were infected with one or more helminth parasites. the most prevalent helminths were the cestodes dipylidium caninum (24.7%) and taenia hydatigena (17.64%). infections were evenly distributed with sex of host. juvenile dogs were more commonly infected with toxocara canis than adults whereas all other helminths were found more in adult dogs.19836649062
dose titration and confirmation tests for determination of cesticidal efficacy of epsiprantel in dogs.fifty-five dogs, naturally infected with taenia sp or dipylidium caninum or both, were assigned to the following treatment groups for dose titration studies with epsiprantel: nonmedicated control dogs (n = 14), medicated dogs given a dosage of 2.75 mg/kg of body weight (n = 15), medicated dogs given a dosage of 5.5 mg/kg (n = 16), and medicated dogs given a dosage of 8.25 mg/kg (n = 10). medication was given orally in a tablet formulation. feces were examined for cestodes passed and the gastroin ...19892774329
metazoan parasites of dogs in sabah, malaysia.the parasites which occurred most frequently in 175 owned or stray dogs in sabah were ancylostoma spp. present in 68% of the animals. dirofilaria immitis occurred in 70% of the adult dogs but neither d. immitis nor spirocerca lupi were present in puppies under four months of age. the latter attained a prevalence of 30% in the adults. in contrast toxocara canis occurred in 81% of the puppies but infrequently in older dogs. dipylidium caninum was moderately prevalent (15 to 25%) in dogs of all age ...19846730003
infestation of a five-month-old infant with dipylidium caninum. 19826890479
activity of ivermectin against canine intestinal helminths.the anthelmintic activity of ivermectin was tested in 98 dogs against adult ascarids (toxocara canis, toxascaris leonina), hookworms (ancylostoma caninum, a braziliense), and whipworms (trichuris vulpis), and against experimentally induced infections (4th-stage larvae) of t canis and a caninum. dosage levels tested were single subcutaneous injections of 50, 100, 200, or 400 micrograms/kg of body weight with appropriate vehicle-treated controls. a minimum of 4 (usually 5) dogs were tested with ea ...19826897345
observations in a case of dipylidium caninum infection. 19806899616
field trials with nitroscanate against cestodes and nematodes in dogs.clinical trials were carried out to test the safety and efficacy of the anthelmintic, nitroscanate, against naturally acquired helminth infections. the trials involved 418 dogs, of which 252 were treated with one or other of two different tablet formulations of nitroscanate. a coarse particle formulation given in two doses each of 200 mg per kg reduced the worm burden of taenia spp and dipylidium caninum by 100 per cent and echinococcus granulosus by 94.1 per cent in farm dogs. given as a single ...19806990596
case reports of dipylidium caninum; a pet associated infection.two cases of dipylidium caninum (dog tape worm) infection occurring in children are reported for the first time in sri lanka. the diagnosis and treatment with praziquantel, a new broad spectrum antiplatyhelmintic, are described. the importance of this pet associated infection is discussed with special reference to preventive measures.19892758510
the intestinal helminths of the red fox and some other carnivores in southwest south-west germany between 1975 and 1980, 3,573 red foxes (vulpes vulpes), 84 badgers (meles meles), 47 stone martens (martes foina), and 387 cats (felis catus) were examined for intestinal helminths. in foxes the extent of infections was: taenia crassiceps 24%, t. polyacantha 8%, t. taeniaeformis 0.6%, t. serialis 0.5%, mesocestoides leptothylacus 20%, mesocestoides sp. 0.2%, toxocara canis 32%, toxascaris leonina 3%, uncinaria stenocephala 26%. one to three foxes harboured t. hydatigena, t. ...19827072323
effect of febantel against ancylostoma caninum and trichuris vulpis infections in dogs.febantel was administered as a 3.4% paste to 45 dogs infected with 1 or more nematode species, which included ancylostoma caninum and trichuris vulpis. dosage levels of 5, 10, or 15 mg/kg of body weight daily for 3 consecutive days for a total of 15, 30, or 45 mg/kg were administered. at 15 mg/kg, all dogs were completely cleared of all nematode and cestode infections, including a caninum, t vulpis, uncinaria stenocephala, toxocara canis, toxascaris leonina, taenia sp, and dipylidium caninum, ex ...19827103181
a survey of helminths in domestic cats in the pretoria area of transvaal, republic of south africa. part 1: the prevalence and comparison of burdens of helminths in adult and juvenile cats.the helminths found in 1,502 necropsied cats were examined. the findings indicated that 65% of the cats were infested. the most prevalent helminths encountered were ancylostoma tubaeforme (41%), ancylostoma braziliense (25%), dipylidium caninum (23%), toxocara cati (11%), taenia taeniaeformis (7.7%), ancylostoma caninum (3.3%), joyeuxiella fuhrmanni (2.5%), ancylostoma ceylanicum (1.4%), and physaloptera praeputialis (1.3%). the following helminths were recorded in fewer than 1% of the cats: cen ...19892634770
mebendazole paste as an anthelmintic in random source research cats.mebendazole paste, administered per os daily for 3 days, at dose levels of 22 mg/kg and 33 mg/kg was highly effective in removing ancylostoma tubaeforme from naturally infected cats. the 22 mg/kg dose gave the highest efficacy (95.5% critical and 98% controlled). the same product at 11 mg/kg, 22 mg/kg, or 33 mg/kg was 100% effective in removing toxocara cati from naturally infected cats. both 11 mg/kg and 22 mg/kg dose levels were highly efficacious against the common tapeworm, dipylidium caninu ...19827144129
specificity of scolex and oncosphere antigens for the serological diagnosis of taeniid cestode infections in dogs.groups of dogs raised free of helminths were monospecifically infected with the common nematodes toxocara canis, ancylostoma caninum and trichuris vulpis. serums from these dogs, and a group of dogs of unknown history but infected with dirofilaria immitis and dipylidium caninum, had levels of antibody to their homologous nematode antigens readily detectable by elisa. no cross-reactions were apparent when these serums were tested by elisa using oncosphere antigens of taenia hydatigena, t. pisifor ...19862421704
[studies on chemotherapy of parasitic helminths (iv). effects of alkaloids from sophora flavescens on the motility of parasitic helminths and isolated host tissues (author's transl)].effects of n-methylcytisine (n-mc) and matrine (mat), alkaloids from sophora flavescens on the motility of parasitic helminths and isolated frog rectus and mouse ileum were studied. 1) the motility of angiostrongylus cantonensis was affected spastically by n-mc (1.2 x 10(-6) approximately 1.2 x 10(-4) m), but paralytically by mat (10(-5) approximately 10(-4) m). 2) the motility of dipylidium caninum and fasciola hepatica was affected paralytically by n-mc (1.2 x 10(-4) approximately 1.2 x 10(-3) ...19827200047
dipylidium caninum, an underrecognized infection in infants and children. 19902235150
efficacy of nitroscanate against naturally acquired infection with ancylostoma caninum, dipylidium caninum, and trichuris vulpis in dogs.eighteen dogs with naturally acquired helminth infections were used to evaluate the efficacy of nitroscanate against ancylostoma caninum, dipylidium caninum, and trichuris vulpis. approximately 15 minutes before treatment, the dogs were given 100 to 200 g of canned dog food. ten dogs were treated with nitroscanate (50 mg/kg of body weight, po), and 8 dogs were given placebo tablets po. the dogs were euthanatized and necropsied 10 days after treatment and helminths were recovered from the small i ...19912053726
studies on chemotherapy of parasitic helminths (vi) effects of various neuropharmacological agents on the motility of dipylidium caninum.effects of various neuropharmacological agents on the motility of dipylidium caninum was studied. 5-ht stimulated the motility of d. caninum, while other drugs such as gaba, adrenaline, phenylephrine, isoproterenol, dibenamine, and propranolol showed little effect. the stimulatory action of 5-ht was antagonized by tryptophol. stibnal caused paralysis which was blocked by the pretreatment with 5-ht. paralytic effects were caused by eserine, dichlorovos, ach, carbachol and dmpp, but not by pilocar ...19827202069
comparative anthelmintic efficacy of two schedules of mebendazole treatment in dogs.two schedules of anthelmintic oral treatment, using mebendazole powder, were compared in 73 dogs naturally infected with common helminth intestinal parasites. mebendazole powder was administered to 26 dogs at doses of 22 mg/kg once daily for 3 days and was compared with the same dose given only daily for 5 days into 23 dogs. the 24 other dogs were kept as controls and received a placebo treatment for 5 days. efficacy results for the 3-day treatment schedule of mebendazole were as follows: toxoca ...19817271006
prevalence of intestinal parasites in domestic cats from the london area.the prevalence of intestinal parasites in domestic cats from the london area was surveyed over an 18-month period by microscopic examination of faecal samples. of the 947 cats examined 11.5 per cent were infected with toxocara cati, 1.9 per cent with isospora felis, 1.2 per cent with dipylidium caninum, 1.2 per cent with taenia taeniaeformis, 0.8 per cent with i rivolta and 0.2 per cent with toxascaris leonina.19817340062
helminth parasites and arthropods of feral cats.the prevalence (%) of helminth parasites in 327 mainly adult feral cats from 3 habitat groupings in victoria and new south wales was determined. the cestodes taenia taeniaeformis (33%) and spirometra erinacei (33%) were common; dipylidium caninum was rate (2%). the nematodes toxocara cati (28%), cyathospirura dasyuridis and cylicospirura felineus combined (27%) and aelurostrongylus abstrusus (14%) were common but their prevalence differed markedly between habitats. ollulanus tricuspis (5%), gnat ...19817340783
parasites, pets, and is important for the family physician to understand that patients' relationships with their pets play an important role in helping maintain mental and physical health yet provide the potential for causing illness in the patient. toxocara canis (dog roundworm) and toxocara cati (cat roundworm) are the ascarids most commonly responsible for vlm and ocular larva migrans in humans. these roundworms live in their adult stage in the small intestine of the dog and cat where their eggs are passed in ...19912011635
[the biology of dipylidium caninum. part 2].from 198 cats and 182 dogs in austria 9,134 fleas were collected. ctenocephalides felis is the main flea of our cats (98.5%) and dogs (77.5%). demonstration of cysticercoids of dipylidium caninum through bleaching of fleas failed. dissection of fleas gave, however, positive results. each 44th flea from cats and 61st flea from dogs harbours cysticercoids. infection intensity rates were 2.3% for c. felis (cats), 1.2% for c. felis (dogs), and 3.1% for c. canis (dogs). male fleas are more extensivel ...19911927147
[lice and methods of control].the morphology and biology of sucking lice (anoplura) and biting lice (mallophaga) are described. a table shows the main species for given hosts and provides simplified keys for identification. lice have a direct pathogenic effect (damage to skin and cutaneous appendages, fall in productivity) and an indirect effect (transmission of rickettsia prowazeki, r. quintana and borrelia recurrentis in human beings; african and classical swine fever virus, equine infectious anaemia virus and dipylidium c ...19947711304
prevalence of endoparasites in dog faecal deposits in jordan.of 756 dog faecal deposits collected from the road side and public places in five jordanian governorates 466 (61.6%) harboured parasite ova, oocysts and/or larvae. of these, 67.7%, 26.8%, 4.1% and 1.4% revealed one, two, three and four different types of parasite ova, oocysts or larvae in the same sample, respectively. examination of the infected samples revealed that 44.1% contained taeniid ova, 19.8% dipylidium caninum, 19% toxocara canis, 8% sarcocystis spp. oocysts, 5% hookworm larvae, 1.5% ...19911795094
pyruvate dehydrogenase complexes from the equine nematode, parascaris equorum, and the canine cestode, dipylidium caninum, helminths exhibiting anaerobic mitochondrial metabolism.the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (pdc) has been purified to apparent homogeneity from 2 parasitic helminths exhibiting anaerobic mitochondrial metabolism, the equine nematode, parascaris equorum, and the canine cestode, dipylidium caninum. the p. equorum pdc yielded 7 major bands when separated by sds-page. the bands of 72, 55-53.5, 41 and 36 kda corresponded to e2, e3, e1 alpha and e1 beta, respectively. the complex also contained additional unidentified proteins of 43 and 45 kda. incubation ...19947870133
the cestodes of foxhounds and foxes in powys, mid-wales.cestodes were found in 129 of 875 foxhounds from 20 packs in powys, mid-wales, examined by purging in 1983-1988, in the following order of prevalence: taenia hydatigena in 57 hounds (6.51%), echinococcus granulosus in 27 (3.09%), dipylidium caninum in 25 (2.86%), t. ovis in 14 (1.60%), t. pisiformis in 10 (1.14%), t. serialis in five (0.57%) and t. multiceps in four (0.46%). of 197 foxes examined by autopsy, 22 harboured cestodes: two (1.02%) had e. granulosus, nine (4.57%) t. polyacantha, eight ...19921417205
a survey of taeniid cestodes in farm dogs in 1983-1988, dogs on 315 farms in powys, mid-wales, were purged once with arecoline acetarsol and the faecal purges were examined for cestodes. a few dogs were examined by autopsy. ninety-seven farms had at least one infected dog, and cestodes were found in 161 of the 882 dogs examined. the ovine strain of echinococcus granulosus was found in 41 dogs on 25 farms. taenia hydatigena, t. pisiformis, t. multiceps, t. serialis, t. ovis and dipylidium caninum were recovered from 85, 35, 15, 3, 19 and ...19921417204
intestinal helminth parasite community in wolves (canis lupus) in italy.from 1987 to 1993, 89 wolves (canis lupus) collected throughout the whole italian range were examined for intestinal helminth parasites. twelve species were found, including 5 nematodes (uncinaria stenocephala, toxocara canis, ancylostoma caninum, trichuris vulpis and toxascaris leonina) and 7 cestodes (echinococcus granulosus, taenia hydatigena, t. multiceps, t. pisiformis, t. ovis, mesocestoides lineatus and dipylidium caninum). no significant differences were detected between sexes. t. canis ...19938065823
an investigation of helminth parasites in well-cared for dogs in accra.a survey of a relative prevalence of helminth parasites in pet dogs has been conducted in the accra metropolitan area. carcass examination revealed a high incidence of ancylostoma caninum (58%), toxocara canis (40%), dipylidium caninum (24%), spirocerca lupi (18%) and a low 2% of taenia pisiformis. stool examination revealed hookworm ova in approximately 39% stools, ascarid ova in 4%, tapeworm in 1.3% and spirocerca in 0.24; a low incidence of strongloides (0.03) and trichurid ova (0.1%) were al ...19751241960
intestinal helminths in dogs and cats on the antillian islands aruba, curaçao and investigation into the prevalence, identity and size of population of intestinal helminths in dogs and cats was carried out in the dutch antillian islands, curaçao, bonaire and aruba during april and may 1974. ninety-one dogs and 83 cats were examined. in all, 4,824 helminths were isolated and identified. the following species were isolated from dogs: dipylidium caninum (most frequent), ancylostoma caninum (frequent in curaçao), toxocara, taenia hydatigena and ancylostoma braziliense. species ...19751237955
infection by dipylidium caninum through pet cats. 19938244480
[parasitological fecal studies of equids, dogs, cats and hedgehogs during the years 1984-1991].the results of the coproscopical examinations in horses, dogs, cats and hedgehogs between 1984 and 1991 are presented. in 9192 samples from horses 55.5% stages of strongylids, 4.0% of parascaris equorum, 2.2% of anoplocephalids, 1.6% strongyloides westeri, 0.7% of oxyuris equi, 0.6% of eimeria leuckarti, 0.2% of fasciola hepatica and 0.04% of dictyocaulus arnfieldi were found. in 48.0% of the 46 samples from donkeys eggs from strongylids were detected, in 17.4% larvae from dictyocaulus arnfieldi ...19938261912
dipylidium caninum in an infant. 19938404983
unusual infections in humans.nine cases of unusual infections in humans are presented. in each case, we present the clinical history, histopathologic changes (if indicated), morphologic features of the causative organism, diagnosis, discussion, differential diagnosis, therapy, and current literature. all of the cases are illustrated with pertinent photographs. the nine cases are as follows: (i) acanthocephaliasis, the first acquired human infection by moniliformis moniliformis in the united states; (ii) dipylidiasis, an unc ...19938457979
uredofos: anthelmintic activity against nematodes and cestodes in dogs with naturally occurring infections.a new broad-spectrum anthelmintic, uredofos, was tested in 146 dogs by single and multiple oral dosing. single doses of 100 and 50 (but not 25) mg/kg were totally effective in removing dipylidium caninum and taenia spp from 46 dogs with infections of tapeworms. among groups of 15 to 20 dogs, the average percentage efficacies against toxocara canis for single soese of 100, 50, and 25 mg/kg were 98, 96, and 81%, respectively. the average percentage of efficacies against hookworm (ancylostoma canin ...19761033721
ultrastructure of the spermatozoon of dipylidium caninum (cestoda, cyclophyllidea, dilepididae), an intestinal parasite of canis familiaris.we report for the first time the ultrastructure of the spermatozoon of a dilepididae cestode. the mature spermatozoa of dipylidium caninum is filiform and tapered at both ends and lacks mitochondria. the anterior extremity exhibits an apical cone of electron-dense material measuring about 600 nm in length and a single helicoidal crested-like body that is 150 nm thick. this single crested-like body is spiralized at an angle of about 40 degrees to the spermatozoon axis. the axoneme, showing the 9 ...19979134556
rates of reinfection with echinococcus granulosus, taenia hydatigena, taenia ovis and other cestodes in a rural dog population in uruguay.a survey was undertaken to determine both the prevalence of, and reinfection rates with echinococcus granulosus and other cestodes in the department of florida, uruguay. baseline prevalence was determined in 303 rural dogs which then, in 4 groups, were re-examined 2, 4, 8 or 12 months later. baseline prevalences for e. granulosus, taenia hydatigena, taenia ovis and dipylidium caninum were 13.2, 13.9, 2.3 and 13.2%, respectively. the frequency distribution of e. granulosus was over-dispersed. dog ...19969198601
monoclonal antibodies multireactive with parasite antigens produced by hybridomas generated from naive mice.hybridoma clones producing igm naturally occurring (natural) antibodies were generated from naive balb/c mice and characterized for reactivity against parasite antigens. ascites of mice injected with these hybridomas reacted with toxoplasma gondii soluble antigen at levels approximately 1000-10,000 times higher than serum pooled from mice used for generating hybridomas as determined by a conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. western blot analysis indicated that these monoclonal antibod ...19979364565
ovine cysticercosis in the albany region of western australia. 1. survey of tapeworms of rural dogs.a survey of the cestode infections of 304 dogs from 134 properties in the albany area of western australia was performed. purgation was induced by oral administration of arecoline and the purge examined for cestodes. the cestodes found and their infection rates were: dipylidium caninum 16.4%; taenia spp 36.5%; t. ovis 8.9%; t. hydatigena 15.1%; t. pisiformis 15.1%; t. serialis 2.3%; echinococcus granulosus 0.7%; questionnaires completed on 133 of the 134 properties at the time the dogs were purg ...1976985232
gastro-intestinal parasites of feral cats in new south wales.a total of 146 feral cats from several localities in new south wales were examined for the presence of gastro-intestinal parasites. the cestodes recorded, and their prevalence, were taenia taeniaeformis (21.9%), spirometra erinacei (61.0%) and dipylidium caninum (11.6%). one animal contained 31 t. serialis scolices considered to be the contents of a recently ingested coenurus serialis. the common nematodes encountered and their prevalence were toxocara cati (21.9%) and ancylostoma spp (23.3%). u ...1976962738
gastrointestinal helminth parasites in stray cats from the mid-ebro valley, spain.gastrointestinal helminths were collected from 58 necropsied stray cats (felis catus) in the mid-ebro valley, north-east spain, from december 1989 to march 1992. the prevalence was 89.7%, with those of individual parasites being toxocara cati 55.2%c, ancylostoma tubaeforme 29.3% joyeuxiella pasqualei 55.2%, diplopylidium acanthotetra 20.7%, dipylidium caninum 20.7%, mesocestoides spp. 13.8%, taenia taeniformis 8.6% and diplopylidium nölleri 8.6%. in relation to sex, the differences were not sign ...19989637225
taeniacidal efficacy of sq 21,704 in dogs by various types of oral administration and in comparison with niclosamide and bunamidine hydrochloride.the streptothrinin antibiotics sq 21,704 was evaluated against naturally occurring taenia pisiformis and dipylidium caninum infections in dogs when they were given at a dose level of 37.5 mg/kg of body weight in four different rations: loaf-type canned meat; chunk-type canned meat; dry (gravy-type) meal; and dry (pelleted) meal. the sq 21,704 was 100% efficacious against both t pisiformis and d caninum infections when given with the chunk, gravy, and pelleted rations. when given with the loaf-ty ...1979573081
ultrastructure of spermiogenesis of dipylidium caninum (cestoda, cyclophyllidea, dipylidiidae), an intestinal parasite of canis familiaris.we describe for the first time the ultrastructure of spermiogenesis of a representative of the family dipylidiidae, dipylidium caninum. spermiogenesis begins with the formation of a differentiation zone. this conical area presents two centrioles with associated striated roots. one of the centrioles develops a flagellum and posteriorly a proximodistal fusion is produced between the axoneme and a median cytoplasmic process. in a final stage of spermiogenesis a condensation of electron-dense materi ...19989770632
a survey of helminth parasites of cats from a survey of 52 cats from the saskatoon area, ollulanus tricuspis were found in 2 animals with burdens of 2308 and 533, respectively. small burdens of the following helminths were also found: physaloptera spp., toxocara cati, taenia spp., dipylidium caninum, and ancylostoma sp.199910340095
comparative studies on the infestation of three different breeds of dogs by gastro-intestinal helminths.the findings of an investigation mounted to evaluate and compare the prevalence of parasitic gastro-intestinal helminth ova in three different breeds of dogs in calabar, nigeria are presented. results of the investigation indicate that in alsatians, 25% infestation with strongyloides stercoralis, 25% toxocara canis, 65% ancylostoma caninum were found, in crossbreed between alsatian and mongrel, 15.56% infestation with strongyloides stercoralis, 10.93% toxascaris leonina, 25% toxocara canis, 68.7 ...19853869810
effect of ivermectin on the brown dog tick, rhipicephalus sanguineus.ivermectin (ivomec) proved to be effective in controlling r. sanguineus. all brown dog ticks infesting the treated dogs (subcutaneous injections) with 1.5 ml or 2 ml/50 kg dropped off within 4 or 3 days respectively. the dropped off ticks were completely inactive and died within one day or two. ticks exposed to filter papers impregnated with 100 micrograms/ml (66.67%) died within four days. a dose of 1.5-2 microliters/50 kg eradicated toxocara canis infection in four dogs, and caused shrinkage o ...200010786024
helminth parasites of dogs from two resource-limited communities in south africa.biological samples were collected from dogs in resource-limited communities in the north-west and gauteng provinces of south africa to assess the prevalence of helminth parasitism. these samples included adhesive tape peri-anal skin swabs and fresh faecal samples for helminth examination, and thick and thin blood films (smears) and whole-blood samples in anticoagulant for examination of filarial nematode microfilariae and haemoprotozoa. the eggs of ancylostoma caninum, toxocara canis, toxascaris ...199910855829
diagnosis of canine echinococcosis: comparison of coproantigen detection with necropsy in stray dogs and red foxes from northern jordan.the sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) was used as a diagnostic test for echinococcus granulosus infection by detecting coproantigens in 94 stray dogs canis familiaris and eight red foxes (vulpes vulpes) from northern jordan. the results were analyzed in relation to actual helminth infection as revealed by necropsy. the infection rate of dogs with e. granulosus was 13.8% with a worm load ranging between 3-> 10,000 per infected dog. in contrast, eight of 13 e. granulosus infected ...200010887653
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