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anti-implantation activity of some indigenous plants in rats.various extracts of one hundred and eight medicinal plants were screened for their anti-implantation activity in female albino rats. out of these, 50% ethanolic extract of codonospis ovata benth (pl); 50% ethanolic, acetone and benzene extracts of puararia tuberosa dc (tub); aqueous and methanolic extracts of punica granatum linn. (px) and ethanolic and acetone extracts of rubus ellipiticus smith (px) inhibited pregnancy in 70-90% of rats. similarly ethanolic extract of adhatoda vasica nees (lf) ...19853832714
treatment of psoroptic mange in sheep with juniperus communis (hipush) extract. 19695390997
the quest for a herbal contraceptive.an oral herbal contraceptive would allow couples control their fertility without consulting a health worker, which in turn would likely markedly increase the number of couples practicing family planning. other advantages of such a contraceptive would include the familiarity rural people have with herbal medicines, the fewer side effects associated with herbal preparations, their ready availability from local sources, and protection of privacy. there are many references to plants in india with ...19938241931
carrier herbal medicine: traditional and contemporary plant use.the carrier, an athapaskan-speaking people of northcentral british columbia, occupy the sub-boreal spruce forests of the central interior. this report, which is based on field study, documents some traditional and contemporary knowledge of the medicinal use of plants by the carrier people. important medicinal plants include: abies lasiocarpa, alnus incana, arctostaphylos uva-ursi, artemisia frigida, fragaria virginiana, juniperus communis, picea glauca, pinus contorta, populus tremuloides, rubus ...19968735452
abortifacient effects of lodgepole pine (pinus contorta) and common juniper (juniperus communis) on cattle.lodgepole pine (pinus contorta) and common juniper (juniperus communis) contain high levels of isocupressic acid that has been identified as the abortifacient component of ponderosa pine needles in cattle. therefore, the abortifacient potential of p contorta and j communis needles was tested in feeding trials with pregnant cattle. cows (2 groups of 2 each) were fed by gavage 4.5-5.5 kg/d ground dry needles from either p contorta or j communis starting on gestation day 250. isocupressic acid (ica ...19989778758
the discovery of enfumafungin, a novel antifungal compound produced by an endophytic hormonema species biological activity and taxonomy of the producing organisms.in a screening of natural products with antifungal activity derived from endophytic fungi, we detected a potent activity in a culture belonging to the form-genus hormonema, isolated from leaves of juniperus communis. the compound is a new triterpene glycoside, showing an antifungal activity highly potent in vitro against candida and aspergillus and with moderate efficacy in an in vivo mouse model of disseminated candidiasis. the agent is especially interesting since its antifungal spectrum and i ...200011108011
chemical composition of the essential oils of juniperus from ripe and unripe berries and leaves and their antimicrobial activity.the composition of the essential oil from ripe and unripe berries and leaves of juniperus oxycedrus l. ssp. oxycedrus, juniperus phoenicea ssp. turbinata and juniperus communis ssp. communis was analyzed by gc-ms, and microbiological assays were carried out. samples were collected in different localities (sardinia, italy) and hydro distilled. the yields ranged between 2.54% +/- 0.21 (v\w dried weight) and 0.04% +/- 0.00. a total of 36 components were identified. the major compounds in the essent ...200312720394
development of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for isocupressic acid and serum metabolites of isocupressic acid.the consumption of ponderosa pine (pinus ponderosa), lodgepole pine (pinus contorta), common juniper (juniperus communis), and monterey cypress (cupressus macrocarpa) causes abortions in pregnant cattle. recent studies have identified isocupressic acid (1) as the primary abortificient compound in these plants. in vitro and in vivo studies using rumen and blood have shown isocupressic acid (1) is rapidly metabolized to agathic acid (3), dihydroagathic acid (4), and tetrahydroagathic acid (5). rap ...200312744647
efects of the pine needle abortifacient, isocupressic acid, on bovine oocyte maturation and preimplantation embryo development.isocupressic acid (ica) [15-hydroxylabda-8 (17), 13e-dien-19-oic acid], a labdane diterpene acid, isolated from ponderosa pine (pinus ponderosa), lodgepole pine (pinus contorta), common juniper (juniperus communis) and monterey cypress (cupressus macrocarpa), induces abortion in pregnant cows when ingested primarily during the last trimester. the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of isocupressic acid on bovine oocyte maturation (in vitro maturation (ivm)-experiment i) and pr ...200414998650
a monoterpene glucoside and three megastigmane glycosides from juniperus communis var. depressa.a new monoterpene glucoside (1) and three new natural megastigmane glycosides (2-4) were isolated along with a known megastigmane glucoside (5) from twigs with leaves of juniperus communis var. depressa (cupressaceae) collected in oregon, u.s.a., and their structures were determined on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. in addition, the antibacterial activities of the isolated components against helicobacter pylori were also investigated.200515997135
antimicrobial activity of juniper berry essential oil (juniperus communis l., cupressaceae).juniper essential oil (juniperi aetheroleum) was obtained from the juniper berry, and the gc/ms analysis showed that the main compounds in the oil were alpha-pinene (29.17%) and beta-pinene (17.84%), sabinene (13.55%), limonene (5.52%), and mircene (0.33%). juniper essential oil was evaluated for the antimicrobial activity against sixteen bacterial species, seven yeast-like fungi, three yeast and four dermatophyte strains. juniper essential oil showed similar bactericidal activities against gram ...200516375831
antifungal activity of juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, aspergillus and candida strains.the increasing resistance to antifungal compounds and the reduced number of available drugs led us to search therapeutic alternatives among aromatic plants and their essential oils, empirically used by antifungal proprieties. in this work the authors report on the antifungal activity of juniperus essential oils (juniperus communis ssp. alpina, j. oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus and j. turbinata).200616696681
frost drought in conifers at the alpine timberline: xylem dysfunction and adaptations.drought stress can cause xylem embolism in trees when the water potential (psi) in the xylem falls below specific vulnerability thresholds. at the alpine timberline, frost drought is known to cause excessive winter embolism unless xylem vulnerability or transpiration is sufficiently reduced to avoid critical psi. we compared annual courses of psi and embolism in picea abies, pinus cembra, pinus mugo, larix decidua, and juniperus communis growing at the timberline vs. low altitude. in addition, v ...200617249241
ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in british columbia, canada.the use of medicinal plants is an option for livestock farmers who are not allowed to use allopathic drugs under certified organic programs or cannot afford to use allopathic drugs for minor health problems of livestock.200717324258
ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat endoparasites and stomach problems in pigs and pets in british columbia, canada.this paper documents the medicinal plants used to treat endoparasites and stomach problems in dogs, cats and pigs in british columbia, canada. ethnoveterinary data was collected over a 6-month period in 2003. the majority of the information on pets came from 2 naturopaths, 10 herbalists, 5 dog trainers, breeders and pet shop owners, 9 holistic veterinarians and 6 of 27 organic farmers. two pig farmers joined the study in the final stages. the following plants were used as anthelmintics: artemisi ...200717628343
screening analyses of pinosylvin stilbenes, resin acids and lignans in norwegian conifers.the content and distribution of stilbenes and resin acids in scots pine (pinus sylvestris) and spruce (picea abies), sampled in central norway, have been examined. the contents of pinosylvin stilbenes in pine heartwood/living knots were 0.2-2/2-8 %(w/w). no stilbenes could be detected in spruce (picea abies). the resin acid contents of pine sapwood/heartwood and knots were 1-4 and 5-10 % (w/w), respectively. minor amounts of resin acids (<0.2/<0.04 %w/w) were identified in spruce wood/knots. the ...200617962750
medicinal plant treatments for fleas and ear problems of cats and dogs in british columbia, canada.research conducted in 2003/2004 documented and validated (in a non-experimental way) ethnoveterinary medicines used by small-scale, organic livestock farmers in british columbia (bc), canada. interviews were conducted with 60 participants who were organic farmers or holistic medicinal/veterinary practitioners. a workshop was held with selected participants to discuss the plant-based treatments. this paper reports on the medicinal plants used for fleas in cats and dogs. fleas and flies are treate ...200818563443
functional characteristics of a tiny but specialized olfactory system: olfactory receptor neurons of carrot psyllids (homoptera: triozidae).with only approximately 50 olfactory receptor neurons (orns), the carrot psyllid trioza apicalis (homoptera: psylloidea) may have the smallest olfactory system described in adult neopteran insects. using single sensillum recordings (ssr) and gas chromatograph-linked ssr, we characterized 4 olfactory sensilla forming a distinct morphological type, which together house approximately 25% of all orns. we recorded responses to extracts and single constituents from daucus carota ssp. sativus, from the ...200818653644
toxicological assessment of p-9801091 plant mixture extract after chronic administration in cba/hzg mice--a biochemical and histological study.acute, subchronic and chronic effects of the p-9801091 plant mixture extract at a dose of 20 mg/kg body mass were assessed in serum of healthy cba/hzg mice at 24 hours, 7 days, 3 months and 6 months of treatment (experimental group), and compared with the values obtained in the control group of untreated healthy cba/hzg mice. the p-9801091 plant mixture extract is an antihyperglycemic preparation containing myrtilli folium (vaccinium myrtillus l.), taraxaci radix (taraxacum officinale web.), cic ...200818756913
cryptic speciation and community structure of herpotrichia juniperi, the causal agent of brown felt blight of conifers.conifer twigs showing brown felt blight were collected along 100-m long transects at the timberline in the swiss alps and single-hyphal-tip cultures were prepared. forty-seven of the sequenced 48 strains were herpotrichia juniperi based on sequence comparisons of the internal transcribed spacers (its). a non-sporulating strain was tentatively identified as another, undescribed herpotrichia species. herpotrichia coulteri was not isolated. most strains were from juniperus communis var. saxatilis, ...200919450682
aspergillus fumigatus fresenius, an endophytic fungus from juniperus communis l. horstmann as a novel source of the anticancer pro-drug deoxypodophyllotoxin.isolation, identification and characterization of an endophytic fungus from juniperus communis l. horstmann, as a novel producer of deoxypodophyllotoxin and its in vitro antimicrobial assay.200919486398
ultrasonic emissions from conifer xylem exposed to repeated freezing.ultrasonic emission measurements enable the analysis of xylem cavitation induced by drought and freeze-thaw events. several studies have indicated that ultrasonic acoustic emissions (uae) in conifers occur upon freezing and not upon thawing, although classical theory has postulated gas bubble formation during freezing and cavitation during thawing. we analyzed the pattern and quality of freeze-thaw-induced uae in seven conifers (abies alba, larix decidua, juniperus communis, picea abies, pinus c ...201019692146
effect of latitude and altitude on the terpenoid and soluble phenolic composition of juniper (juniperus communis) needles and evaluation of their antibacterial activity in the boreal zone.the demand for dry juniper (juniperus communis) needles as a raw material for the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries has increased rapidly in recent years. juniper needles are known to be rich in terpenoids and phenolics, but their chemical composition and antibacterial properties have not been well-characterized. in this study, we describe the soluble phenolic and terpenoid composition of juniper needles collected in finland (n = 125) and demonstrate that the concentration of these c ...200919772344
[antioxidant properties of essential oils].by the method of capillary gas-liquid chromatography we studied antioxidant properties and stability during the storage of hexane solutions of 14 individual essential oils from black and white pepper (piper nigrum l.), cardamom (elettaria cardamomum l.), nutmeg (myristica fragrans houtt.), mace (myristica fragrans houtt), juniperberry (juniperus communis l.), seed of fennel (foeniculum vulgare mill., var. dulce thelling), caraway (carvum carvi l.), dry leaves of cinnamon (cinnamomum zeylanicum b ...200920067158
activity of scottish plant, lichen and fungal endophyte extracts against mycobacterium aurum and mycobacterium tuberculosis.with tuberculosis the leading bacterial killer worldwide and other mycobacterial diseases on the increase, the search for new antimycobacterial agents is timely. in this study, extracts from plants, lichens and fungal endophytes of scottish provenance were screened for activity against mycobacterium aurum and m. tuberculosis h(37)rv. the best activity against m. aurum was observed for extracts of juniperus communis roots and cladonia arbuscula (mic = 4 microg/ml), and a fungal endophyte isolated ...201019827032
limitation of the cavitron technique by conifer pit aspiration.the cavitron technique facilitates time and material saving for vulnerability analysis. the use of rotors with small diameters leads to high water pressure gradients (deltap) across samples, which may cause pit aspiration in conifers. in this study, the effect of pit aspiration on cavitron measurements was analysed and a modified 'conifer method' was tested which avoids critical (i.e. pit aspiration inducing) deltap. four conifer species were used (juniperus communis, picea abies, pinus sylvestr ...201020551085
in vitro effect of branch extracts of juniperus species from turkey on staphylococcus aureus biofilm.methanol and aqueous branch extracts of five juniperus species were examined for their effects on staphylococcus aureus atcc 6538p and s. aureus 810 biofilm. the turkish plant material was juniperus communis l. var. communis, j. communis l. var. saxatilis pall., juniperus drupacea labill., juniperus oxycedrus l. ssp. oxycedrus, j. oxycedrus l. ssp. macrocarpa (sibth. & sm.) ball. the juniperus extracts were subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis by thin-layer chromatography. the antimic ...201020584079
antimycobacterial terpenoids from juniperus communis l. (cuppressaceae).juniperus communis is a plant which has been reported as a traditional cure for tuberculosis (tb) and other respiratory diseases.200919755141
chemical composition and antibacterial activity of selected essential oils and some of their main compounds.the chemical composition of essential oils of cabreuva (myrocarpus fastigiatus allemao, fabaceae) from brazil, cedarwood (juniperus ashei, cupressaceae) from texas, juniper berries (juniperus communis l., cupressaceae) and myrrh (commiphora myrrha (nees) engl., burseraceae) were analyzed using gc/fid and gc/ms. the antimicrobial activity of these essential oils and some of their main compounds were tested against eleven different strains of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria by using agar ...201020922991
anti-biofilm properties of satureja hortensis l. essential oil against periodontal pathogens.essential oils of several plants are widely used in ethnomedicine for their antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. however, very limited data exist on their use in connection to periodontal diseases. the aim of the present study was to investigate the bacterial growth inhibiting and anti-biofilm effects of satureja hortensis l. (summer savory), salvia fruticosa m. (sage), lavandula stoechas l. (lavender), myrtus communis l., and juniperus communis l. (juniper) essential oils. chemical c ...200919285147
essential oil yield and composition reflect browsing damage of junipers.the impact of browsing on vegetation depends on the relative density and species composition of browsers. herbivore density and plant damage can be either site-specific or change seasonally and spatially. for juniper (juniperus communis) forests of a sand dune region in hungary, it has been assumed that plant damage investigated at different temporal and spatial scales would reflect selective herbivory. the level of juniper damage was tested for a possible correlation with the concentration of p ...200819009322
antioxidant activity of some jordanian medicinal plants used traditionally for treatment of diabetes.medicinal plants are being used extensively in jordanian traditional medicinal system for the treatment of diabetes symptoms. twenty one plant samples were collected from different jordanian locations and used for antioxidant evaluation. the level of antioxidant activity was determined by dpph and abts assays in relation to the total phenolic contents of the medically used parts. the most frequently used plant parts as medicines were fruit, shoot and leaves. the total phenolic contents of methan ...200818817155
antioxidant activity of leaves and fruits of iranian conifers.cupressus semipervirens var. horizontalis, cupressus semipervirens var. semipervirens, cupressus semipervirens cv. cereifeormis, juniperus communis subsp. hemisphaerica, juniperus excelsa subsp. excelsa, juniperus excelsa subsp. polycarpos, juniperus foetidissima, juniperus oblonga, juniperus sabina, platycladus orientalis and taxus baccata are iranian conifers. the antioxidant activity of leaves and fruits of these 11 different taxons were evaluated. the leaves of both male and female, and frui ...200717965761
essential oils of cupressus funebris, juniperus communis, and j. chinensis (cupressaceae) as repellents against ticks (acari: ixodidae) and mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) and as toxicants against mosquitoes.juniperus communis leaf oil, j. chinensis wood oil, and cupressus funebris wood oil (cupressaceae) from china were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. we identified 104 compounds, representing 66.8-95.5% of the oils. the major components were: α-pinene (27.0%), α-terpinene (14.0%), and linalool (10.9%) for j. communis; cuparene (11.3%) and δ-cadinene (7.8%) for j. chinensis; and α-cedrene (16.9%), cedrol (7.6%), and β-cedrene (5.7%) for c. funebris. the essen ...201122129397
distribution and hosts of callidiellum rufipenne (coleoptera: cerambycidae), an asian cedar borer established in the eastern united states.the distribution and hosts of the exotic cedar-boring beetle, callidiellum rufipenne (motschulsky) (coleoptera: cerambycidae), were determined in five northeastern u.s. states by capturing adults on cedar trap logs and by rearing adults from various conifers. this beetle was detected in the coastal states of massachusetts, rhode island, connecticut, new york, and new jersey. in these states, adults emerged from the live or dead wood of four genera and eight species of cupressaceae; species of pi ...200717849882
cytotoxic effects of some animal and vegetable extracts and some chemicals on liver and colon carcinoma and myosarcoma.to study, the cytotoxic effects of some biological and chemical agents on g1, s, g2, m and g0 phases of liver and colon carcinomas and myosarcoma cells obtained with chemical carcinogens dimethylbenzanthracene (dmba) and cadmium chloride.200414968209
[variability of the oils of juniperus communis. 3. the oils in plants of different populations and growth-types (author's transl)]. 20164859185
anti-aspergillus activities of plant essential oils and their combination effects with ketoconazole or amphotericin b.the essential oils from cedrus atlantica, styrax tonkinensis, juniperus communis, lavandula angustifolia, melaleuca alternifolia, pelargonium graveolens, pogesternon patchouli and rosmarinus officinalis were analyzed by gc-ms. antifungal activities of the oils were investigated by disk diffusion assay and the broth dilution method against aspergillus niger and a. flavus. the effects of geraniol and the essential oil fraction from p. graveolens on the antifungal activity of amphotericin b and ket ...200312785735
in vitro effect of seven essential oils on the reproduction of the cattle tick rhipicephalus microplus.the acaricidal effect of seven essential oils was examined in vitro against the cattle tick (rhipicephalus microplus). engorged female ticks were manually collected in farms of southern brazil and placed into petri dishes (n = 10) in order to test the following oils: juniper (juniperus communis), palmarosa (cymbopogon martinii), cedar (cedrus atlantica), lemon grass (cymbopogon citratus), ginger (zingiber officinale), geranium (pelargonium graveolens) and bergamot (citrus aurantium var bergamia) ...201627857849
juniper wood as a possible implant material.natural materials, such as wood and bone, possess structures fulfilling the requirements of support and transport of nutrients. similarity in function and properties provides inspiration for investigating the possible use of wood as an implant material. juniperus communis wood is dense, durable, and strong and has naturally impregnated essential oils that display antiseptic properties. this study investigated the toxicity of the oil, the effect of sterilization on the mechanical properties of th ...200312601779
olive pollen allergen ole e 8: identification in mature pollen and presence of ole e 8-like proteins in different pollens.in a first approach, ole e 8, a novel ca2+-binding protein from olive pollen, was cloned and produced in escherichia coli. we have obtained the natural form of ole e 8 (nole e 8) from the pollen and examined its immunologic equivalence with its recombinant form (role e 8). size exclusion chromatography and a phenyl-sepharose cl-4b affinity column were used to obtain nole e 8 from the olive pollen. inhibition assays by immunoblotting, using role e 8-specific rabbit antiserum, were performed to an ...200211991287
in-vitro antimicrobial activities of some iranian conifers.male and female leaves and fruits of eleven different taxons of iranian conifers (cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis, c. sempervirens var. sempervirens, c. sempervirens cv. cereifeormis, juniperus communis subsp. hemisphaerica, j. excelsa subsp. excelsa, j. excelsa subsp. polycarpos, j. foetidissima, j. oblonga, j. sabina, platycladus orientalis and taxus baccata) were collected from different localities of iran, dried and extracted with methanol. the extracts were tested for their antimic ...201324250573
antibacterial activity of medicinal plants from the physicians of myddvai, a 13(th) century welsh medical manuscript.antimicrobial drug resistance is a growing threat to global public health. historical records and herbal texts relating to traditional celtic medicine indicate an extensive pharmacopeia of plants for treating infections likely caused by microbes. however, a major barrier for successful integration of these remedies into mainstream practice is the current lack of accurate interpretation and scientific validation.201728344030
final report on the safety assessment of juniperus communis extract, juniperus oxycedrus extract, juniperus oxycedrus tar, juniperus phoenicea extract, and juniperus virginiana extract.the common juniper is a tree that grows in europe, asia, and north america. the ripe fruit of juniperus communis and juniperus oxycedrus is alcohol extracted to produce juniperus communis extract and juniperus oxycedrus extract, respectively. juniperus oxycedrus tar is the volatile oil from the wood of j. oxycedrus. juniperus phoenicea extract comes from the gum of juniperus phoenicea, and juniperus virginiana extract is extracted from the wood of juniperus virginiana. although juniperus oxycedr ...200111558640
pollen calendar of the city of salamanca (spain). aeropalynological analysis for 1981-1982 and 1991-1992.we report a study on the contents of airborne pollen in the city of salamanca (spain) aimed at establishing a pollen calendar for the city for the yearly periods of maximum concentrations, relating these with quantifiable atmospheric variables over two two-year periods with an interval of 10 years between them: 1981-82 and 1991-92. the pollen was captured with burkard spore-traps, based on hirst's volumetric method. determinations were made daily and were used to make preparations, previously st ...19989885728
the unusual occurrence of 14-methylhexadecanoic acid in pinaceae seed oils among plants.14-methylhexadecanoic (14-mhd) acid has been identified in a sample of pine seed oil (pinus contorta) by gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry of its picolinyl ester derivative. its identification (through its equivalent chain length) and its distribution in four conifer families have been checked. it occurred only in pinaceae, where it was found in 72 species belonging to the genera pinus, abies, cedrus, tsuga, pseudotsuga, larix, and picea, in the range 0.02-1.15%. 14-mhd acid could not ...19979307939
[in vitro activity of eucalyptus smithii and juniperus communis essential oils against bacterial biofilms and efficacy perspectives of complementary inhalation therapy in chronic and recurrent upper respiratory tract infections].staphylococcus aureus and pseudomonas aeruginosa have a high propensity to develop biofilms that are resistant to antimicrobial agents. eucalyptus smithii and juniperus communis essential oils are credited with a series of traditional therapeutical properties, including mucolytic effect. as s. aureus and p. aeruginosa biofilms are known to be important factors underlying their virulence and pathogenicity, the aim of this study was to investigate whether e. smithii and j. communis essential oils ...201323774975
hypoglycemic activity of juniper "berries".this work studies the hypoglycemic activity of a decoction from juniper "berries" (juniperus communis) both in normoglycemic and in streptozotocin-diabetic animals. juniper decoction decreases glycemic levels in normoglycemic rats at a dose of 250 mg/kg. this effect can be achieved through: a) an increase of peripheral glucose consumption; b) a potentiation of glucose-induced insulin secretion. the administration of the decoction (125 mg total "berries"/kg) to streptozotocin-diabetic rats for 24 ...19948073081
fischer's lexicon of slavic beliefs and customs: a previously unknown contribution to the ethnobotany of ukraine and poland.historical ethnobotanical studies are important, even if they are only descriptive, because they help to throw light on the missing chains needed for diachronic analysis. however, the documentation of traditional uses of plants in some countries, e.g. ukraine, is still fragmentary. the aim of this contribution is to fill the gap and present a portion of the data set, from western ukraine, which was collected by adam fischer, a polish ethnographer from lviv, in the 1930s. these data were original ...201526704421
glutathione s-transferases and malondialdehyde in the liver of nod mice on short-term treatment with plant mixture extract p-9801091.changes in the concentration of glutathione s-transferases (gsts) and malondialdehyde (mda) were assessed in the liver of normal and diabetic nod mice with and without treatment with the plant extract p-9801091. the plant extract p-9801091 is an antihyperglycaemic preparation containing myrtilli folium (vaccinium myrtillus l.), taraxaci radix (taraxacum of fi cinale web.), cichorii radix (cichorium intybus l.), juniperi fructus (juniperus communis l.), centaurii herba (centaurium umbellatum gili ...200312722130
effect of 'antidiabetis' herbal preparation on serum glucose and fructosamine in nod mice.the antihyperglycemic effect of the antidiabetis herbal preparation ((myrtilli folium (vaccinium myrtillus l.), taraxaci radix (taraxacum officinale web.), cichorii radix (cichorium intybus l.), juniperi fructus (juniperus communis l.), centaurii herba (centaurium umbellatum gilib.), phaseoli pericarpium (phaseolus vulgaris), millefollii herba (achillea millefolium l.), morii folium (morus nigra l.), valeriane radix (valleriana officinalis l.), urticae herba et radix (urtica dioica l.)), patent ...200111297848
the norway spruce genome sequence and conifer genome evolution.conifers have dominated forests for more than 200 million years and are of huge ecological and economic importance. here we present the draft assembly of the 20-gigabase genome of norway spruce (picea abies), the first available for any gymnosperm. the number of well-supported genes (28,354) is similar to the >100 times smaller genome of arabidopsis thaliana, and there is no evidence of a recent whole-genome duplication in the gymnosperm lineage. instead, the large genome size seems to result fr ...201323698360
[characterization of areas at parasitic risk for sheep reared by open grazing on the ranges of the causses. 2. protostrongylids].two pastures out of three in causse (center of france) were studied in june 1981 in order to characterize areas at risk for protostrongylids (small lung-worms). these pastures were grazed in rotation by a flock of 50 lacaune ewes. each pasture was divided into 13 areas on mixed criteria related either to vegetation or use of space by the ewes. the following parameters were measured on each area: density of the intermediate hosts (molluscs), their rate of infection, fecal biomass, type of vegetat ...19836660821
traditional plant treatments for diabetes. studies in normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice.the effects on glucose homeostasis of eleven plants used as traditional treatments for diabetes mellitus were evaluated in normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice. dried leaves of agrimony (agrimonia eupatoria), alfalfa (medicago sativa), blackberry (rubus fructicosus), celandine (chelidonium majus), eucalyptus (eucalyptus globulus), lady's mantle (alchemilla vulgaris), and lily of the valley (convallaria majalis); seeds of coriander (coriandrum sativum); dried berries of juniper (juniperus comm ...19902210118
biodiversity and new records of microfungi in the ruhrarea (north rhine westfalia), germany.during our investigations of the microflora in nrw (duisburg, düsseldorf and essen incl. the greenhouse of the botanical garden) in 2007 and 2008, we were able to collect and identify about 55 species on trees, bushes and ornamental plants as parasites and saprophytes. some of these species are new for germany or have been only rarely found until now. most of the species belong the ascomycotina, basidiomycotina and deuteromycotina for example arthrocladiella mougeotii (lév.) vassilkov. on lycium ...200920222564
antimycobacterial screening of traditional medicinal plants using the microplate resazurin assay.multidrug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis strains have rapidly become a global health concern. north american first nations communities have used traditional medicines for generations to treat many pulmonary infections. in this study, we evaluated the antimycobacterial activity of 5 medicinal plants traditionally used as general therapeutics for pulmonary illnesses and specifically as treatments for tuberculosis. aqueous extracts of aralia nudicaulis, symplocarpus foetidus, heracleum maximu ...201020657619
antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of branches extracts of five juniperus species from turkey.context: several juniperus species (cupressaceae) are utilized in folk medicine in the treatment of infections and skin diseases. objective: this work was designed to evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of methanol and water branches extracts of juniperus species from turkey: juniperus communis l. var. communis (jcc), juniperus communis l. var. saxatilis pall. (jcs), juniperus drupacea labill. (jd), juniperus oxycedrus l. subsp. oxycedrus (joo), juniperus oxycedrus l. subsp. mac ...201121592011
comparative analysis of flavonoid profile, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the berries of juniperus communis l. var. communis and juniperus communis l. var. saxatilis pall. from turkey.the present study was designed to define and compare the flavonoid composition and the biological potential of berries methanol extracts of juniperus communis l. var. communis (jcc) and juniperus communis l. var. saxatilis. pall. (jcs) from turkey. total polyphenols (folin-ciocalteau method) were 3-fold higher in jcc (59.17 +/- 1.65 mg gae/g extract) than in jcs (17.64 +/- 0.09 mg gae/g extract). flavonoid and biflavonoid content, evaluated by hplc-dad-esi-ms analysis, was higher in jcc (25947 + ...200919580284
both gas chromatography and an electronic nose reflect chemical polymorphism of juniper shrubs browsed or avoided by sheep.chemical polymorphism may contribute to variation in browsing damage by mammalian herbivores. earlier, we demonstrated that essential oil concentration in juniper, juniperus communis, was negatively associated with herbivore browsing. the aim of the present study was to characterize the volatile chemical composition of browsed and non-browsed j. communis. by using either gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (gc-fid) or an electronic nose device, we could separate sheep-browsed or n ...201121626295
insights into cholinesterase inhibitory and antioxidant activities of five juniperus species.in vitro acetylcholinesterase (ache) and butyrylcholinesterase (bche) inhibitory and antioxidant activities of the aqueous and ethanol extracts of the leaves, ripe fruits, and unripe fruits of juniperus communis ssp. nana, juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus, juniperus sabina, juniperus foetidissima, and juniperus excelsa were investigated in the present study. cholinesterase inhibition of the extracts was screened using elisa microplate reader. antioxidant activity of the extracts was tested by ...201121708212
survey of microfungi in the landschaftspark duisburg-nord (germany).during an excursion in the landschaftspark duisburg-nord in 2009 and 2010 we were able to collect and identify more than 100 specimens of microfungi on different parts of cultivated and wild plant species. we found parasitic and saprophytic microfungi on trees, bushes and herbaceous plants. some of them have been observed only rarely until now. most of the collected microfungi species belong to the classes of ascomycetes, basidiomycetes and deuteromycetes - for example leptosphaeria modesta (des ...201122702187
high genetic diversity with moderate differentiation in juniperus excelsa from lebanon and the eastern mediterranean region.juniperus excelsa is an important woody species in the high mountain ecosystems of the eastern mediterranean basin where it constitutes the only coniferous species found at the tree line. the genetic diversity within and among j. excelsa populations of the eastern mediterranean basin is studied in the light of their historical fragmentation.201122476474
wild vascular plants gathered for consumption in the polish countryside: a review.this paper is an ethnobotanical review of wild edible plants gathered for consumption from the end of the 18th century to the present day, within the present borders of poland.200717433114
importance of aerodynamic resistance to water use efficiency in three conifers under field conditions.the quantitative importance of aerodynamic resistance to h(2)o vapor and co(2) exchange was determined for shoots from saplings of three conifers (abies lasiocarpa [hook] nutt., pinus contorta dougl., juniperus communis l.) under natural conditions in the field. a combination of relatively low stomatal resistances (<300 seconds per centimeter) and low wind speeds (<30 centimeters per second) led to substantial contributions of the aerodynamic resistance (r(wv) (a)) to water use efficiency (wue = ...198016661128
inhibitory activity of juniperus communis on 12(s)-hete production in human platelets.extracts of juniperus communis l. (cupressaceae) have been evaluated for their inhibitory activity on human platelet-type 12(s)-lipoxygenase [12(s)-lox]. the methylene chloride extracts of juniperi lignum, juniperi pseudo-fructus and the ethyl acetate extract of juniperi pseudo-fructus showed a significant inhibition on the production of 12(s)-hete [12(s)-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid] at 100 microg/ml (54.0 +/- 6.73, 66.2 +/- 4.03 and 76.2 +/- 3.36%, respectively). from the methylene ...200415124097
a phytopharmacological review on a medicinal plant: juniperus communis.juniperus communis is a shrub or small evergreen tree, native to europe, south asia, and north america, and belongs to family cupressaceae. it has been widely used as herbal medicine from ancient time. traditionally the plant is being potentially used as antidiarrhoeal, anti-inflammatory, astringent, and antiseptic and in the treatment of various abdominal disorders. the main chemical constituents, which were reported in j. communis l. are α-pinene, β-pinene, apigenin, sabinene, β-sitosterol, ca ...201427419205
activity against multidrug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis in mexican plants used to treat respiratory diseases.the increase of multidrug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis (mdr-tb) demands the search for alternative antimycobacterial drugs. the aim of this study was to evaluate plants used in mexican traditional medicine to treat respiratory diseases for activity against mdr-tb. a group of 22 plants was screened for activity against mycobacterium tuberculosis h37rv and mycobacterium avium at concentrations from 50 to 200 microg/ml. the antimycobacterial effect was determined by a microcolorimetric assa ...200313680821
essential oil of juniperus communis subsp. alpina (suter) čelak needles: chemical composition, antifungal activity and cytotoxicity.essential oils are known to possess antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of bacteria and fungi. in the present work the composition and the antifungal activity of the oils of juniperus communis subsp. alpina (suter) čelak were evaluated. moreover, the skin cytotoxicity, at concentrations showing significant antifungal activity, was also evaluated. the oils were isolated by hydrodistillation and analysed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. minimal inhibitory ...201222294341
linalool affects the antimicrobial efficacy of essential oils.the high concentrations of essential oils are generally required to receive microbial purity of the products (cosmetics, medicine). on the other hand, their application due to the high concentration of essential oils may be limited by changes in organoleptic and textural quality of the products, as well as they cause irritation and allergies in users. addition of linalool to essential oil may significantly enhance its antimicrobial effectiveness and reduce their concentrations in products, takin ...201626553262
modulatory effect of standardised amentoflavone isolated from juniperus communis l. agianst freund's adjuvant induced arthritis in rats (histopathological and x ray anaysis).juniperus communis. l. is a shrub or small evergreen tree, native to europe, south asia, and north america, and belongs to family cupressaceae. it has been used traditionally in unani system and in swedish medicine as a decoction in inflammatory diseases. the main chemical constituents, which were reported in j. communis l. was α-pinene,, apigenin, sabinene, β-sitosterol, campesterol, limonene, amentoflavone (af), cupressuflavone, and many others.201728012393
the effect of herbal extracts in an experimental mouthrinse on established plaque and gingivitis.the purpose of the present study was to establish in vitro the inhibiting effect of a herbal extract mixture on a selected number of micro-organisms and to test in vivo the effect of a mouthwash containing 6.3 mg/ml herbal extract mixture on plaque and gingivitis as compared to a minus active control mouthrinse. the herbal extract was a mixture of: juniperus communis (juniper), urtica dioca (nettle), achillaea millefolium (yarrow); 1:1:1. in the study, in-vitro, the effect of pure herbal extract ...19989650877
chemical composition and antioxidant properties of juniper berry (juniperus communis l.) essential oil. action of the essential oil on the antioxidant protection of saccharomyces cerevisiae model organism.the essential oil of juniper berries (juniperus communis l., cupressaceae) is traditionally used for medicinal and flavoring purposes. as elucidated by gas chromatography/flame ionization detector (gc/fid) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (gc/ms methods), the juniper berry oil from bulgaria is largely comprised of monoterpene hydrocarbons such as α-pinene (51.4%), myrcene (8.3%), sabinene (5.8%), limonene (5.1%) and β-pinene (5.0%). the antioxidant capacity of the essential oil was evalu ...201426784665
evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of some swedish medicinal plants. inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis and paf-induced exocytosis.plants used in swedish traditional medicine to treat inflammatory diseases and/or wounds were selected, based on literature data, for evaluation of inhibitory activity on prostaglandin biosynthesis and platelet activating factor (paf)-induced exocytosis in vitro. fifty-nine water extracts from 52 different plants in 28 families were tested. a number of plants, e.g. calluna vulgaris, corylus avellana, geum urbanum, juniperus communis, polygonum aviculare, potentilla erecta and salix caprea were f ...19958583796
screening and scoring of antimicrobial and biological activities of italian vulnerary plants against major oral pathogenic bacteria.this study aims to evaluate the activity of italian vulnerary plants against the most important oral pathogenic bacteria. this estimate was accomplished through a fivefold process: (a) a review of ethnobotanical and microbiological data concerning the italian vulnerary plants; (b) the development of a scoring system to rank the plants; (c) the comparative assessment of microbiological properties; (d) the assessment of potential cytotoxic effects on keratinocyte-like cells and gingival fibroblast ...201324302963
anti-mycobacterial natural products from the canadian medicinal plant juniperus communis.common juniper, juniperus communis, is amongst the plants most frequently used by the indigenous peoples of north america for medicinal purposes. the first nations of the canadian maritimes use infusions of juniper primarily as a tonic and for the treatment of tuberculosis. previous investigations of extracts derived from the aerial parts of j. communis have shown it to possess anti-mycobacterial activity. the aim of the study is to isolate and identify anti-mycobacterial constituents from the a ...201222877928
cypress pollinosis: from tree to clinic.cypress (cupressus sp.pl) is a genus within the cupressaceae family. this family covers all of the earth's continents except for antarctica, and it includes about 160 species. the most important taxa for allergic diseases belong to five different genera: cupressus, hesperocyparis, juniperus, cryptomeria, and chamaecyparis. cupressaceae species share a common pollen type that can even include the genus taxus (taxaceae) when this plant is also present. as juniperus oxycedrus pollinates in october, ...201728401436
in vitro cholinesterase inhibitory and antioxidant effect of selected coniferous tree species.to explore cholinesterase inhibitory and antioxidant effect of six coniferous trees (abies bornmulleriana, picea pungens, juniperus communis, cedrus libani, taxus baccata, and cupressus sempervirens var. horizantalis).201525975497
[cypress pollen allergy].cypress belongs to the cupressaceae family, which includes 140 species with non-deciduous foliage. the most important genera in allergic diseases are cupressus sempervirens or green cypress, cupressus arizonica or blue cypress, juniperus oxycedrus, juniperus communis and thuya. because j. oxycedrus pollinates in october, c. sempervirens in january and february, c. arizonica in february and march, j. communis in april, the symptomatic period is long-lasting. because of global warming, the pollina ...201324314710
tree and shrub expansion over the past 34 years at the tree-line near abisko, sweden.shrubs and trees are expected to expand in the sub-arctic due to global warming. our study was conducted in abisko, sub-arctic sweden. we recorded the change in coverage of shrub and tree species over a 32- to 34-year period, in three 50 x 50 m plots; in the alpine-tree-line ecotone. the cover of shrubs and trees (<3.5 cm diameter at breast height) were estimated during 2009-2010 and compared with historical documentation from 1976 to 1977. similarly, all tree stems (> or =3.5 cm) were noted and ...201121954730
contact dermatitis as an adverse reaction to some topically used european herbal medicinal products - part 2: echinacea purpurea-lavandula angustifolia.this review focuses on contact dermatitis as an adverse effect of a selection of topically used herbal medicinal products for which the european medicines agency has completed an evaluation up to the end of november 2013 and for which a community herbal monograph has been produced. part 2: echinacea purpurea moench-lavandula angustifolia mill.201525600644
study of cytotoxic activity, podophyllotoxin, and deoxypodophyllotoxin content in selected juniperus species cultivated in poland.the demand for podophyllotoxin and deoxypodophyllotoxin is still increasing and commercially exploitable sources are few and one of them, podophyllum hexandrum royle (berberidaceae), is a "critically endangered" species.201525720974
antifungal effect of essential oils against fusarium keratitis isolates.the present study was carried out to investigate the antifungal effects of cinnamomum zeylanicum, citrus limon, juniperus communis, eucalyptus citriodora, gaultheria procumbens, melaleuca alternifolia, origanum majorana, salvia sclarea, and thymus vulgaris essential oils against fusarium species, the most common etiologic agents of filamentous fungal keratitis in south india. c. zeylanicum essential oil showed strong anti-fusarium activity, whereas all the other tested essential oils proved to b ...201526227503
comparison of a novel distillation method versus a traditional distillation method in a model gin system using liquid/liquid extraction.this research studied a novel form of distillation (high vacuum distillation) as a method for preserving volatile aroma chemicals important to the organoleptic attributes of a four botanical model gin as well as the degradation products generated during the heating required in traditional methods of gin distillation. a 2 (5) factorial experiment was conducted in a partially confounded incomplete block design and analyzed using the proc mixed procedure from sas. a model gin was made of dried juni ...200818771269
influence of juniper (juniperus communis) oil on growth performance and meat quality as a natural antioxidant in quail diets.1. this study aimed to evaluate the effects of juniper oil on growth performance and meat quality in quails to determine its use as a safe and natural method to reduce overdependence on the use of antibiotic. 2. a total of 1000 1-d-old pharaoh (coturnix coturnix pharaoh) quails, including both males and females, were divided into 4 groups containing 250 quails and treated as follows: (1) a control group with 0 mg volatile oil/kg diet; (2) 100 mg/kg juniper oil; (3) 150 mg/kg juniper oil and (4) ...201424919952
bioactive compounds, rp-hplc analysis of phenolics, and antioxidant activity of some portuguese shrub species extracts.in the ecosystem of serra da estrela, some plant species have the potential to be used as raw material for extraction of bioactive products. the goal of this work was to determine the phenolic, flavonoid, tannin and alkaloid contents of the methanolic extracts of some shrubs (echinospartum ibericum, pterospartum tridentatum, juniperus communis, ruscus aculeatus, rubus ulmifolius, hakea sericea, cytisus multiflorus, crataegus monogyna, erica arborea and ipomoea acuminata), and then to correlate t ...201122312726
prevalence and real clinical impact of cupressus sempervirens and juniperus communis sensitisations in tuscan "maremma", italy.the aim was to evaluate the impact of cupressus sempervirens (cs) and juniperus communis (jc) sensitisations in "maremma" in southern tuscany.201421982402
inhibitory effect of essential oils against trichosporon ovoides causing piedra hair infection.piedra, is an asymptomatic fungal infection of the hair shaft, resulting in the formation of nodules of different hardness on the infected hair. the infection also known as trichomycosis nodularis is a superficial fungal infection arising from the pathogen being restricted to the stratum corneum with little or no tissue reaction. the nodules are a concretion of hyphae and fruiting bodies of the fungus. two varieties of piedra may be seen, black piedra and white piedra. the fungus trichosporon ov ...201224031963
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