pharmacological actions of pongamia pinnata seeds--a preliminary ethanolic and sequential petroleum ether, chloroform, acetone and ethanolic extracts (50-100 mg/kg, i.p.) of p. pinnata seeds given 30-60 min before revealed anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-ulcerogenic activities in rats. the activities were present maximum in petroleum ether and chloroform extracts. however, the extracts also showed shortening of pentobarbitone induced 'sleep time' in rats.19969246911
a study of cutaneous myiasis in sri lanka.cutaneous myiasis (cm) due to diptera fly larvae shows different patterns in different regions. many modalities of treatment have been described. the objectives of our study were to identify the species causing cm in sri lanka, the common sites of infestation, and the contributory factors, and to assess some treatment modalities, in particular mineral turpentine and certain herbal preparations.200011044194
anti fi larial potential of the fruits and leaves extracts of pongamia pinnata on cattle filarial parasite setaria cervi.the effect of aqueous and alcohol extracts of the fruits and leaves of pongamia pinnata (linn.) merr. (syn. pongamia glabra vent, leguminosae) on the spontaneous movements of both the whole worm and the nerve-muscle preparation of setaria cervi and on the survival of micro fi lariae in vitro was studied. the aqueous and alcohol extracts of fruits and the alcohol extract of leaves caused an inhibition of spontaneous movements of the whole worm and the nerve-muscle preparation of s. cervi. the ini ...200314595597
protective effect of pongamia pinnata flowers against cisplatin and gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity in rats.ethanolic extract of flowers of pongamia pinnata was studied for its protective effect against cisplatin and gentamicin induced renal injury in rats. when the extract (300 & 600 mg kg(-1)) was administered orally for 10 days following cisplatin (5 mg kg(-1) i.p.) on day 5, toxicity of cisplatin, as measured by loss of body weight, elevated blood urea and serum creatinine declined significantly. similarly in gentamicin (40 mg kg(-1) s.c.) induced renal injury, the extract (600 mg kg(-1)) normaliz ...200315267137
pongamia pinnata modulates the oxidant-antioxidant imbalance in ammonium chloride-induced hyperammonemic rats.the effect of pongamia pinnata (an indigenous plant used in ayurvedic medicine in india) leaf extract (ppet) on circulatory lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status was evaluated in ammonium chloride-induced hyperammonemic rats. enhanced lipid peroxidation in the circulation of ammonium chloride-treated rats was accompanied by a significant decrease in the levels of vitamin a, vitamin c, vitamin e, reduced glutathione (gsh), glutathione peroxidase (gpx), superoxide dismutase (sod), and catalase ...200616671965
pongamone a-e, five flavonoids from the stems of a mangrove plant, pongamia pinnata.chemical investigation of stems of the mangrove plant, pongamia pinnata, resulted in isolation and characterization of five structurally unusual flavonoids pongamones a-e, along with 16 known flavonoid metabolites. their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and by comparison of their spectroscopic data with those of related compounds reported in the literature. pongamones a-e were assayed against dhbv rcs dnap and hiv-1 rt in vitro. a possible biogenetic pathway of t ...200616814820
studies on pongamia pinnata (l.) pierre leaves: understanding the mechanism(s) of action in infectious diarrhea.while data are available on the effect of medicinal plants on intestinal motility and their antibacterial action, there is a paucity of information on their mode of action on various aspects of diarrheal pathogenicity, namely colonization to intestinal epithelial cells and production/action of enterotoxins. crude decoction of dried leaves of pongamia pinnata was evaluated for its antimicrobial (antibacterial, antigiardial and antirotaviral) effect; and its effect on production and action of ente ...200616845722
seasonal variations in isoprene emission from tropical deciduous tree species.isoprene is a dominant constituent of the global biogenic volatile organic compounds budget. it plays an important role in regulating the atmospheric trace gas composition including tropospheric ozone concentrations. in this study, monthly measurements of isoprene emission rates were carried out over a 1-year period (december 2002-november 2003) from four indian deciduous tree species, namely ficus relegiosa, ficus infectoria, pongamia pinnata, and morus alba, using branch enclosure method. sign ...200717242968
[screening of effective fraction on experimental gastric ulcer from pongamia pinnata roots].to study the effect of extract from pongamia pinnata roots on experimental gastric ulcer and screen the effective fraction.200718309675
identification of pongamol and karanjin as lead compounds with antihyperglycemic activity from pongamia pinnata identify pongamol and karanjin as lead compounds with antihyperglycemic activity from pongamia pinnata fruits.200818572336
investigation of antihyperglycaemic activity of aqueous and petroleum ether extract of stem bark of pongamia pinnata on serum glucose level in diabetic mice.the aim of the study was to evaluate the antihyperglycaemic activity of aqueous (ppsb-aqe) and petroleum ether (ppsb-pee) extract of stem bark pongamia pinnata in alloxan induced diabetic mice.200919429349
effect of methanolic extract of pongamia pinnata linn seed on gastro-duodenal ulceration and mucosal offensive and defensive factors in rats.pongamia pinnata has been advocated in ayurveda for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions and dyspepsia. the present work includes initial phytochemical screening and study of ulcer protective and healing effects of methanolic extract of seeds of p. pinnata (ppsm) in rats. phytochemical tests indicated the presence of flavonoids in ppsm. ppsm when administered orally (po) showed dose-dependent (12.5-50 mg/kg for 5 days) ulcer protective effects against gastric ulcer induced by 2 h col ...200919775071
protective role of pongamia pinnata leaf extract on tissue antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation in ammonium chloride-induced hyperammonemic rats.the present investigation was designed to study the protective role of pongamia pinnata (an indigenous plant used in ayurvedic medicine in india) leaf extract on oxidative stress during ammonium chloride-induced hyperammonemia by measuring the extent of oxidative damage as well as antioxidant status. ethanolic extract of pongamia pinnata (ppet) leaves was administered orally (300 mg/kg body weight) and the effects of ppet on the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (tbars), hydroper ...200620020989
assessment of air pollution tolerance index of some trees in moradabad city, see the relative tolerance of the plant species, ten different plant species i.e. ficus rumphii, pongamia pinnata, alstonia scholaris, holoptelea integrifolia, saraca indica, pithecolobium dulcis, cassia simea, bauhinia variegata, azadirachta indica and grewelia robusta was taken from residential (si), industrial (sii) and commercial (siii) area of the city as this florais very much common to the brass city and is planted on the roadside. the quality of air with respect to spm, so2 and no2 ha ...200920120494
three dimeric naphtho-γ-pyrones from the mangrove endophytic fungus aspergillus tubingensis isolated from pongamia pinnata.three new dimeric naphtho-γ-pyrones, named rubasperone a (1), rubasperone b (2), and rubasperone c (3), together with two known compounds, rubrofusarin (4) and rubrofusarin b (5), were isolated from the mangrove endophytic fungus aspergillus tubingensis (gx1-5e). their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, including ir, ms, and 1d and 2d nmr. the structures of 1 and 2 were further confirmed by x-ray crystallography. in the bioactivity assays against tyrosinase and α-glucosidase, r ...201020506081
antidiabetic activity of pongamia pinnata leaf extracts in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.the antidiabetic activity of pongamia pinnata ( family: leguminosae) leaf extracts was investigated in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats. a comparison was made between the action of different extracts of p. pinnata and a known antidiabetic drug glibenclamide (600 μg/kg b. wt.). an oral glucose tolerance test (ogtt) was also performed in experimental diabetic rats. the petroleum ether, chloroform, alcohol and aqueous extracts of p. pinnata were obtained by simple maceration method and were sub ...201021455444
in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activity cycloart-23-ene-3β,-25-diol (b2) isolated from pongamia pinnata (l. pierre).to evaluate the in-vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of cycloart-23-ene-3β, 25-diol (called as b2) isolated from stem bark of pongamia pinnata.201122078955
studies on oecophylla smaragdina as a bio-control agent against pentatomid bug infesting on pongamia tree.weaver ants, (oecophylla smaragdina) have been found to predate on pentatomid bug (cyclopelta siccifolia) infesting pongamia pinnata tree in mid-western ghat region of shimoga district, karnataka. the present study was undertaken to evaluate the potential of weaver ants, that are abundant on p. pinnata trees, to control the pentatomid bugs. consistent and systematic field surveillance was carried out for a period of two months, march and july 2010. this showed that the number of pentatomid bugs ...201223741809
capturing the biofuel wellhead and powerhouse: the chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of the leguminous feedstock tree pongamia pinnata.pongamia pinnata (syn. millettia pinnata) is a novel, fast-growing arboreal legume that bears prolific quantities of oil-rich seeds suitable for the production of biodiesel and aviation biofuel. here, we have used illumina® 'second generation dna sequencing (2gs)' and a new short-read de novo assembler, sassy, to assemble and annotate the pongamia chloroplast (152,968 bp; cpdna) and mitochondrial (425,718 bp; mtdna) genomes. we also show that sassy can be used to accurately assemble 2gs data, by ...201223272141
pseudomonas aeruginosa rralc3 enhances the biomass, nutrient and carbon contents of pongamia pinnata seedlings in degraded forest soil.the study was aimed at assessing the effects of indigenous plant growth promoting bacterium (pgpb) on the legume pongamia pinnata in the degraded soil of the nanmangalam reserve forest (nrf) under nursery conditions. in total, 160 diazotrophs were isolated from three different nitrogen-free semi-solid media (lgi, nfb, and jmv). amongst these isolates, pseudomonas aeruginosa rralc3 exhibited the maximum ammonia production and hence was selected for further studies. rralc3 was found to possess mul ...201526460867
rhizobium pongamiae sp. nov. from root nodules of pongamia pinnata.pongamia pinnata has an added advantage of n2-fixing ability and tolerance to stress conditions as compared with other biodiesel crops. it harbours "rhizobia" as an endophytic bacterial community on its root nodules. a gram-negative, nonmotile, fast-growing, rod-shaped, bacterial strain vklr-01(t) was isolated from root nodules of pongamia that grew optimal at 28°c, ph 7.0 in presence of 2% nacl. isolate vklr-01 exhibits higher tolerance to the prevailing adverse conditions, for example, salt st ...201324078904
in vitro antibacterial efficacy of 21 indian timber-yielding plants against multidrug-resistant bacteria causing urinary tract screen methanolic leaf extracts of 21 timber-yielding plants for antibacterial activity against nine species of uropathogenic bacteria isolated from clinical samples of a hospital (enterococcus faecalis, staphylococcus aureus, acinetobacter baumannii, citrobacter freundii, enterobacter aerogenes, escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, proteus mirabilis, and pseudomonas aeruginosa).201324524024
can scientific evidence support using bangladeshi traditional medicinal plants in the treatment of diarrhoea? a review on seven plants.diarrhoea is a common disease which causes pain and may be deadly, especially in developing countries. in bangladesh, diarrhoeal diseases affect thousands of people every year, and children are especially vulnerable. bacterial toxins or viral infections are the most common cause of the disease. the diarrhoea outbreaks are often associated with flood affected areas with contaminated drinking water and an increased risk of spreading the water-borne disease. not surprisingly, plants found in the ne ...201323698166
larvicidal activity and possible mode of action of four flavonoids and two fatty acids identified in millettia pinnata seed toward three mosquito species.aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus and culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes transmit dengue fever and west nile virus diseases, respectively. this study was conducted to determine the toxicity and mechanism of action of four flavonoids and two fatty acids from millettia pinnata (fabaceae) seed as well as six pure fatty acids and four fatty acid esters toward third instar larvae from insecticide-susceptible c. pipiens pallens and a. aegypti as well as wild a. albopictus. efficacy of 12 experimental l ...201525928224
oviposition deterrent activity from the ethanolic extract of pongamia pinnata, coleus forskohlii, and datura stramonium leaves against aedes aegypti and culex quinquefaciatus.mosquitoes are responsible for spread of many diseases than any other group of arthropods. diseases such as malaria, filariasis, dengue hemorrhagic fever (dhf), and chikunguinya are real threat to mankind. in the present study, ethanolic extracts of leaves of pongamia pinnata, coleus forskohlii, and datura stramonium were evaluated for oviposition deterrent activity against aedes aegypti and culex quinquefasciatus. the oviposition deterrent tests of ethanolic extract of pongamia pinnata, coleus ...021120036
evaluation of wound healing, anti-microbial and antioxidant potential of pongamia pinnata in wistar investigate wound healing, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of leaf extract of pongamia pinnata.201728053891
pongamia pinnata seed cake: a promising and inexpensive substrate for production of protease and lipase from bacillus pumilus sg2 on solid-state fermentation.the production of a protease and a lipase from bacillus pumilus sg2 on solid-state fermentation using pongamia pinnata seed cake as substrate was studied. the seed cake was proved to be a promising substrate for the bacterial growth and the enzyme production. the initial ph, incubation time and moisture content were optimized to achieve maximal enzyme production. maximum protease production was observed at 72 h and that of the lipase at 96 h of incubation. the production of protease (9840 u/g dm ...201122329247
pongamia pinnata inoculated with bradyrhizobium liaoningense pzhk1 shows potential for phytoremediation of mine tailings.mine tailings contain high concentrations of metal contaminants and only little nutrients, making the tailings barren for decades after the mining has been terminated. effective phytoremediation of mine tailings calls for deep-rooted, metal accumulating, and soil fertility increasing plants with tolerance against harsh environmental conditions. we assessed the potential of the biofuel leguminous tree pongamia pinnata inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobia to remediate iron-vanadium-tita ...201727858136
effect of certain natural products and organic solvents on quorum sensing in chromobacterium investigate the effect of seed extracts of pongamia pinnata, pyrus pyrifolia, and manilkara hexandra, bacterial pigment prodigiosin, and three organic solvents (ethanol, methanol, and dimethylsulfoxide), on quorum sensing (qs) in chromobacterium violaceum (c. violaceum).201425312122
biological therapeutics of pongamia pinnata coated zinc oxide nanoparticles against clinically important pathogenic bacteria, fungi and mcf-7 breast cancer cells.the overuse of antimicrobics and drugs has led to the development of resistance in a number of pathogens and parasites, which leads to great concerns for human health and the environment. furthermore, breast cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in women. mcf-7 is a widely used epithelial cancer cell line, derived from breast adenocarcinoma for in vitro breast cancer studies, since the cell line has retained several ideal characteristics particular to the mammary epithelium. in ...201728115262
effect of plant extracts on book deteriorated fungal species.the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of leaf extracts of four plants against some isolated fungal species from deteriorated books. aqueous, methanol and chloroform extracts of selected plant species were screened in vitro for their antifungal activity against some book deteriorating fungal species. fifteen species belonging to 09 genera were isolated and identified from infested books in library. aqueous and solvent extracts of leaves of azadiracta indica, callistemon citrinus, eucaly ...201627154063
diverse secondary metabolites produced by marine-derived fungus nigrospora sp. ma75 on various culture media.bioassay-guided isolation of a fungal strain nigrospora sp. ma75, an endophytic fungus obtained from the marine semi-mangrove plant pongamia pinnata, which was fermented on three different culture media, resulted in the isolation and identification of seven known compounds, 2, 3, and 5-9, from a medium containing 3.5% nacl, while a new compound, 2,3-didehydro-19α-hydroxy-14-epicochlioquinone b (10) was obtained from the medium containing 3.5% nai. in addition, two new griseofulvin derivatives, 6 ...201222782879
gastroprotective properties of karanjin from karanja (pongamia pinnata) seeds; role as antioxidant and h, k-atpase inhibitor.plant extracts are the most attractive sources of newer drugs and have been shown to produce promising results for the treatment of gastric ulcers. karanjin, a furano-flavonoid has been evaluated for anti-ulcerogenic property by employing adult male albino rats. karanjin (>95% pure) was administered to these rats in two different concentrations, that is, 10 and 20 mg kg(-1) b.w. ulcers were induced in the experimental animals by swim and ethanol stress. serum, stomach and liver-tissue homogenate ...201121799691
a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study on the effects of a herbal toothpaste on gingival bleeding, oral hygiene and microbial variables.different systems of traditional medicine of the indian subcontinent, have used acacia chundra willd, adhatoda vasica nees., mimusops elengi l., piper nigrum l., pongamia pinnata l. pirerre, quercus infectoria olivier., syzygium aromaticum l., terminalia chebula retz., zingiber officinale roscoe., individually or in combinations, to cure oral diseases.201121542426
pongamol from pongamia pinnata stimulates glucose uptake by increasing surface glut4 level in skeletal muscle cells.skeletal muscle is the major site of postprandial glucose disposal and augmenting glucose uptake into this tissue may attenuate insulin resistance that precedes type 2 diabetes mellitus. here, we investigated the effect of pongamol, an identified lead molecule from the fruits of pongamia pinnata, on glucose uptake and glut4 translocation in skeletal muscle cells. in l6-glut4myc myotubes treatment with pongamol significantly promoted both glucose transport and glut4 translocation to the cell surf ...201121497640
constituents of pongamia pinnata isolated in a screening for activity to overcome tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing a search for natural products with activity to overcome tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (trail)-resistance, we performed the bioassay-guided fractionation of a semi mangrove, pongamia pinnata, collected from bangladesh, and isolated a new compound, (2s)-(2″,3″:7,8)-furanoflavanone (1), along with six known flavonoids (2-7). two of the compounds significantly overcame trail-resistance in human gastric adenocarcinoma (ags) cell lines.201021048354
antidiabetic activity of cycloart-23-ene-3beta, 25-diol (b2) isolated from pongamia pinnata (l. pierre) in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic mice.the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of cycloart-23-ene-3beta, 25-diol (called as b2) isolated from stem bark of pongamia pinnata in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic mice. diabetes was induced in mice by injecting streptozotocin (200mg/kg, i.p.) after 15 min nicotinamide (110 mg/kg, i.p.). the mice were divided into following groups; i - nondiabeteic, ii - diabetic control, iii - glybenclamide (10mg/kg, p.o.), iv - b2 (1mg/kg, p.o.) and v - b ...201020122920
in vitro screening of anti-lice activity of pongamia pinnata leaves.growing patterns of pediculocidal drug resistance towards head louse laid the foundation for research in exploring novel anti-lice agents from medicinal plants. in the present study, various extracts of pongamia pinnata leaves were tested against the head louse pediculus humanus capitis. a filter paper diffusion method was conducted for determining the potential pediculocidal and ovicidal activity of chloroform, petroleum ether, methanol, and water extracts of p. pinnata leaves. the findings rev ...200919967085
evaluation of indigenous plant extracts against larvae of culex quinquefasciatus say (diptera: culicidae).this study investigates the larvicidal potential of indigenous plant extracts from commonly used medicinal herbs as an environmentally safe measure to control the filarial vector, culex quinquefasciatus say (diptera: culicidae). the early fourth-instar larvae of c. quinquefasciatus, reared in the laboratory, were used for larvicidal assay with water, hot water, acetone, chloroform, and methanol leaf, stem-bark, and flower extracts of acacia arabica willd. sans, cedrus deodara roxb, hibiscus rosa ...200918975001
studies on repellent activity of seed oils alone and in combination on mosquito, aedes aegypti.the study was undertaken to investigate the relative repellency of pongamia pinnata and azadirachta indica seed oils on vector mosquito, aedes aegypti under laboratory conditions. the repellents were formulated into 3 groups: seed oils, their mixture and combination of seed oils with three carrier oils viz. olive, mustard and coconut oil. different formulations of each oil were tested at the concentrations of 1% and 5% on human baits. efficiency was assessed, based on the total protection time; ...201425204067
antiviral activity of bis(2-methylheptyl)phthalate isolated from pongamia pinnata leaves against white spot syndrome virus of penaeus monodon fabricius.white spot syndrome virus (wssv) is an extremely virulent, contagious, causative agent of the white spot syndrome of shrimp and causes high mortality and affects most of the commercially important cultured marine crustacean species globally. oral administration of ethanolic extract and purified compound from the leaves of pongamia pinnata, an indigenious indian "medicinal plant" "has increased the survival of wssv infected penaeus monodon". pelletized feed impregnated with ethanolic extract of t ...200717328984
antihyperglycemic and antilipidperoxidative effects of pongamia pinnata (linn.) pierre flowers in alloxan induced diabetic rats.our aim was to evaluate the antihyperglycemic and antilipid peroxidative effect of ethanolic extract of pongamia pinnata (linn.) pierre (leguminosae) flowers (ppet) in normal rats and alloxan induced diabetic rats. hyperglycemia, elevated lipid peroxidation [thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (tbars)] and disturbed nonenzymatic [vitamin e, vitamin c and glutathione] and enzymatic antioxidants status were noticed in alloxan induced diabetic rats. the oral administration of ethanolic extract ...200616271443
dust accumulation and leaf pigment content in vegetation near the national highway at sambalpur, orissa, investigation on the seasonal variation in dust accumulation on leaves and leaf pigment content of six plant species of mixed habits was carried out at the side of the national highway (nh 6) at sambalpur, orissa, india. the plants selected for study were pongamia pinnata, tabernaemontana divaricata, ipomea carnea, ficus relogiosa, ficus benghalensis, and quisqualis indica. the observed trend of dust accumulation was in the order t. divaricata>i. carnea>p. pinnata>f. religiosa>f. benghalensis ...200515546639
evaluation of pongamia pinnata root extract on gastric ulcers and mucosal offensive and defensive factors in rats.effect of methanolic extract of p. pinnata roots (pprm) was studied against various experimental gastric ulcer models and offensive and defensive gastric mucosal factors in rats. an initial dose-response study using 12.5-50 mg/kg p. pinnata root extract, when given orally in two divided dose for 4 days + 5th full dose on the day of experiment 60 min before the experiment, indicated 25 mg/kg as an optimal regimen and was used for further study. pprm showed significant protection against aspirin a ...200315255638
constituents of the stem bark of pongamia pinnata with the potential to induce quinone reductase.activity-guided fractionation of the petroleum ether and ethyl acetate extracts of the stem bark of pongamia pinnata, using cultured hepa 1c1c7 mouse hepatoma cells to evaluate quinone reductase (qr) inducing activity, led to the isolation of four new flavanone derivatives (1-4), one new flavone (5), one new chalcone (6), and 13 known compounds of the flavonoid, terpenoid, and fatty acid types. the structures of 1-6 were characterized on the basis of the interpretation of their spectroscopic dat ...200314510596
antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of pongamia pinnata the present study, the antinociceptive activity of a 70% ethanol extract of pongamia pinnata leaves (ple) was investigated in different models of pain in mice and rats. further, ple was also evaluated for its antipyretic activity in brewer's yeast-induced pyrexia in rats. per os (p.o.) administration of the ple (100-1000 mg/kg) produced significant antinociceptive activity in the hotplate and tail flick (central) as well as in acetic acid writhing and randall-selitto (peripheral) nociceptive ...200312672157
flow cytometric estimation on cytotoxic activity of leaf extracts from seashore plants in subtropical japan: isolation, quantification and cytotoxic action of (-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin.the cytotoxic activity of methanol extracts of leaves collected from 39 seashore plants in iriomote island, subtropical japan was examined on human leukaemia cells (k562 cells) using a flow cytometer with two fluorescent probes, ethidium bromide and annexin v-fitc. five extracts (10 microg/ml) from hernandia nymphaeaefolia, cerbera manghas, pongamia pinnata, morus australis var. glabra and thespesia populnea greatly inhibited the growth of k562 cells. when the concentration was decreased to 1 mi ...200212112292
effect of certain indigenous processing methods on the bioactive compounds of ten different wild type legume recent years, research efforts are under-way on the possibilities of utilization of natural source of bioactive compounds for the dietary management of certain chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, cancer etc. in this connection, seed materials of promising wild type under-utilized food legume grains such as acacia nilotica (l.) willd. ex delile, bauhinia purpurea l., canavalia ensiformis (l.) dc., cassia hirsuta l., caesalpinia bonducella f., erythrina indica l ...201224293686
in vivo inhibition of helicoverpa armigera gut pro-proteinase activation by non-host plant protease inhibitors.we evaluated 22 different host and non-host plant protease inhibitors (pis) for in vivo inhibition of helicoverpa armigera gut pro- and proteinases, and their biological activity against the pod borer, h. armigera, the most important pest of agriculture and horticultural crops worldwide. in vitro activation of h. armigera gut pro-proteinases (hagpps) in larvae fed on non-host plant pis showed significant in vivo inhibition of hagpps activation in solution as well as in gel assays. the larvae fed ...201020416317
evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of pongamia pinnata leaves in the present study, the anti-inflammatory activity of 70% ethanolic extract of pongamia pinnata leaves (ple) in acute, subacute and chronic models of inflammation was assessed in rats. per os (p.o.) administration of ple (300, 1000 mg/kg) exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in acute (carrageenin, histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and prostaglandin e2-induced hind paw edema), subacute (kaolin-carrageenin and formaldehyde-induced hind paw edema) and chronic (cotton pellet granuloma) mo ...200111694360
in vitro screening of indian medicinal plants for antiplasmodial activity.plants traditionally used in india to treat fever or malaria were examined in vitro for antiplasmodial properties against plasmodium falciparum. of 80 analysed ethanol extracts, from 47 species, significant effects were found for 31 of the extracts. these represent 23 different species from 20 families. of the active species 20 were tested against p. falciparum for the first time. the following five species seems to be of special interest for further antimalarial studies, casearia elliptica, hol ...200111167038
pharmacological actions of pongamia pinnata roots in albino rats.pongamia pinnata root has been advocated in ayurveda for treatment of various inflammatory and infective conditions including ulcers. sequential petroleum ether, benzene, chloroform, acetone and ethanolic extracts of p. pinnata roots when administered in the dose of 50 mg/kg, i.p. in rats was found to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic activity while pentobarbitone-induced 'sleep time' was reduced by all the extracts except petroleum ether which, however, enhanced it. they were also found to poss ...19979475056
anti-inflammatory activity of seed extracts of pongamia pinnata in rat.pongamia pinnata is a marsh growing indian tree. its seeds are used in febrile and inflammatory diseases in indian system of medicine. previous preliminary studies with ethanolic seed extract of this plant had exhibited an anti-inflammatory effect in rat. different solvent fractionated extracts were evaluated in the present study for anti-inflammatory effect in chemically induced paw inflammation in rats. anti-inflammatory effects of p. pinnata were best seen against bradykinin and pge1-induced ...19969055107
antiviral properties of the seed extract of an indian medicinal plant, pongamia pinnata, linn., against herpes simplex viruses: in-vitro studies on vero cells.pongamia pinnata, linn., an indian medicinal plant used in the ayurvedha and siddha traditional medicine systems, for treatment of clinical lesions of skin and genitalia, was evaluated for antiviral properties against herpes simplex virus type-1 (hsv-1) and type-2 (hsv-2) by in-vitro studies in vero cells. a crude aqueous seed extract of p. pinnata completely inhibited the growth of hsv-1 and hsv-2 at concentrations of 1 and 20 mg/ml (w/v), respectively, as shown by complete absence of cytopathi ...19938386251
green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using pongamia pinnata seed: characterization, antibacterial property, and spectroscopic investigation of interaction with human serum recent years, green synthesized nanoparticles from plant extract have drawn a great interest due to their prospective nanomedicinal application. this study investigates a proficient, safer, and sustainable way for the preparation of agnps using medicinal plant pongamia pinnata (family: leguminoseae, species: pinnata) seeds extract without using any external reducing and stabilizing agent. both ultraviolet-visible spectrum at λmax  = 439 nm and energy dispersive x-ray spectra proof the formati ...201727677774
evaluation of anti-cholinesterase, antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of green synthesized silver nanoparticles using from millettia pinnata flower extract.the aim of this study is to develop an easy and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of ag-nps using extracts from the medicinal plant, millettia pinnata flower extract and investigate the effects of ag-nps on acetylcholinesterase (ache), butyrylcholinesterase (bche), antibacterial and cytotoxicity activity. uv-vis peak at 438 nm confirmed the ag-nps absorbance. the sem analysis results confirmed the presence of spherical shaped ag-nps by a huge disparity in the particle size distribution with ...201728025099
effects of secondary metabolite extract from phomopsis occulta on β-amyloid aggregation.inhibition of β-amyloid (aβ) aggregation is an attractive therapeutic and preventive strategy for the discovery of disease-modifying agents in alzheimer's disease (ad). phomopsis occulta is a new, salt-tolerant fungus isolated from mangrove pongamia pinnata (l.) pierre. we report here the inhibitory effects of secondary metabolites from ph. occulta on the aggregation of aβ42. it was found that mycelia extracts (mes) from ph. occulta cultured with 0, 2, and 3 m nacl exhibited inhibitory activity ...201425275648
frequency distribution and assessment of genetic diversity of novel endophyte alternaria alternata accessions isolated from pongamia pinnata l.thepresent study discusses the frequency distribution and genetic diversity of novel fungal endopyte alternaria alternata within the pongammia pinnata plant samples. a total of ten plant samples of pongammia pinnata, pierre. (karanja) were collected from specific locations of sanganer region of rajasthan for the isolation of fungal endophytes. of these, maximum frequency of alternaria alternata (22.29%) were recorded which are morphologically similar but ecologically variant. efficacy of randoml ...201324502162
management of disease complex caused by root knot nematode and root wilt fungus on pigeonpea through soil organically enriched with vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza, karanj (pongamia pinnata) oilseed cake and farmyard manure.this investigation was undertaken to compare the percentage response of colonization and development of va-mycorrhiza (glomus fasciculatum) on a number of pulse crops viz. cowpea, chickpea, soybean, pigeonpea and lentil under glasshouse conditions. among the above-mentioned crops, pigeonpea exhibited the best performance and was selected for further studies. in this host the development and colonization percentage of g. fasciculatum was investigated under two separate substrates i. e. soil amend ...200717978958
lipase-mediated conversion of vegetable oils into biodiesel using ethyl acetate as acyl acceptor.ethyl acetate was explored as an acyl acceptor for immobilized lipase-catalyzed preparation of biodiesel from the crude oils of jatropha curcas (jatropha), pongamia pinnata (karanj) and helianthus annuus (sunflower). the optimum reaction conditions for interesterification of the oils with ethyl acetate were 10% of novozym-435 (immobilized candida antarctica lipase b) based on oil weight, ethyl acetate to oil molar ratio of 11:1 and the reaction period of 12h at 50 degrees c. the maximum yield of ...200716822671
lipase-mediated transformation of vegetable oils into biodiesel using propan-2-ol as acyl acceptor.propan-2-ol was used as an acyl acceptor for immobilized lipase-catalyzed preparation of biodiesel. the optimum conditions for transesterification of crude jatropha (jatropha curcas), karanj (pongamia pinnata) and sunflower (helianthus annuus) oils were 10% novozym-435 (immobilized candida antarctica lipase b) based on oil weight, alcohol to oil molar ratio of 4:1 at 50 degrees c for 8 h. the maximum conversions achieved using propan-2-ol were 92.8, 91.7 and 93.4% from crude jatropha, karanj and ...200616642301
antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants from chhotanagpur plateau, jharkhand, india.the alarmingly increasing problem of drug resistance in treatment of malaria has led to an urgent need for identifying new anti-malarial drugs for both prophylaxis and chemotherapy.201525721804
inhibition of dextransucrase activity in streptococcus mutans by plant phenolics.streptococcus mutans is responsible for causing dental caries in humans and utilizes sucrose for its growth. the dextransucrase (ec is responsible for sucrose metabolism, which exhibits both hydrolytic and glucosyltransferase activities. in this study, we examined the effects of the plant phenols, namely gallic, tannic and syringic acids and aqueous extracts of certain traditionally used chewing sticks (acacia arabica, azadirachta indica, pongamia pinnata and salvadora persica) for prev ...201323617074
phytochemical constituents of some indian medicinal plants.alkaloids, tannins, saponins, steroid, terpenoid, flavonoids, phlobatannin and cardie glycoside distribution in seven medicinal plants belonging to different families were assessed and compared. the medicinal plants investigated were aegle marmelos, cynodon dactylon, eclipta prostrata, moringa pterygosperma, pongamia pinnata, sida acuta and tridax procumbens. the significance of the plants in traditional medicine and the importance of the distribution of these chemical constituents were discusse ...200822557280
effect of ethanolic extract of root of pongamia pinnata (l) pierre on oxidative stress, behavioral and histopathological alterations induced by cerebral ischemia--reperfusion and long-term hypoperfusion in rats.possible effect of an ethanolic root extract of pongamia pinnata (l) pierre (p. pinnata) on oxidant-antioxidant status and histopathological changes in acute ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat forebrain have been investigated. further, its effect was also assessed on long-term cerebral hypoperfusion-induced changes in anxiety, cognitive and histopathological parameters. cerebral post-ischemic reperfusion is known to be associated with generation of free radicals. in the present study, bilate ...200717948735
restoration of degraded soil in the nanmangalam reserve forest with native tree species: effect of indigenous plant growth-promoting bacteria.restoration of a highly degraded forest, which had lost its natural capacity for regeneration, was attempted in the nanmangalam reserve forest in eastern ghats of india. in field experiment, 12 native tree species were planted. the restoration included inoculation with a consortium of 5 native plant growth-promoting bacteria (pgpb), with the addition of small amounts of compost and a chemical fertilizer (npk). the experimental fields were maintained for 1080 days. the growth and biomass varied d ...201627195310
a new species of crinibracon quicke (hymenoptera: braconidae) parasitic on pupae of hasora chromus (cramer) (lepidoptera: hesperiidae) from india.a new species, crinibracon chromusae gupta & van achterberg sp. n., parasitic on pupae of hasora chromus (cramer) (hesperiidae) on millettia (= pongamia) pinnata (l.) panigrahi (fabaceae), is described from india and compared with c. sinicus (yang, chen & liu, 2008) from china, the only other species known with a similar general appearance. for the first time biological information for the genus crinibracon quicke, 1988, is given. three species of hyperparasitoids, philolema braconidis (ferrière ...201627615886
[effect of pongamia pinnata root flavonoids on the quality of ulcer healing and expression of egf and tgf-alpha in the rat model of gastric ulcer induced by acetic acid].to observe the effects and mechanisms of pongamia pinnata root flavonoids (prf) on the experimental gastric ulcer induced by acetic acid and to study the mechanism of prf on the quality of ulcer healing.201223252298
characterization of rhizobial isolates nodulating millettia pinnata in india.millettia pinnata (synonym pongamia pinnata) is a viable source of oil for the mushrooming biofuel industry, source for agroforestry, urban landscaping, and the bio-amelioration of degraded lands. it also helps in maintaining soil fertility through symbiotic nitrogen fixation. however, not much work is reported on classification and characterization of the rhizobia associated with this plant. in the present study, an attempt was made to isolate rhizobial strains nodulating millettia from soils c ...201222943063
molecular marker-based characterization in candidate plus trees of pongamia pinnata, a potential biodiesel legume.pongamia pinnata, a legume tree, has many traditional uses and is a potential biodiesel plant. despite its importance and the availability of appropriate molecular genetic tools, the full potential of pongamia is yet to be realized. the objective of this study was to assess genetic diversity among 10 systematically characterized candidate plus trees (cpts) of p. pinnata from north guwahati.201022476075
macroinvertebrate colonization and breakdown of leaves in an astatic pond in south india.macroinvertebrate colonization and breakdown of pongamia pinnata and morinda tinctoria leaves were studied in an astatic pond in madura college, madurai. morinda tinctoria leaves broke down fasterthan the leaves of p. pinnata. breakdown capacities of astatic pond cannot be attributed to colonization of macroinvertebrates. instead, microbial processing, and abiotic fragmentation are suggested as factors controlling breakdown rates. tanypus sp (midgelarva) was abundant in leaf bags during the expe ...200818831384
the value of biodiversity in legume symbiotic nitrogen fixation and nodulation for biofuel and food production.much of modern agriculture is based on immense populations of genetically identical or near-identical varieties, called cultivars. however, advancement of knowledge, and thus experimental utility, is found through biodiversity, whether naturally-found or induced by the experimenter. globally we are confronted by ever-growing food and energy challenges. here we demonstrate how such biodiversity from the food legume crop soybean (glycine max l. merr) and the bioenergy legume tree pongamia (millett ...201525240795
the expression of millettia pinnata chalcone isomerase in saccharomyces cerevisiae salt-sensitive mutants enhances salt-tolerance.the present study demonstrates a new millettia pinnata chalcone isomerase (mpchi) whose transcription level in leaf was confirmed to be enhanced after being treated by seawater or nacl (500 mm) via transcriptome sequencing and real-time quantitative reverse transcription pcr (qrt-pcr) analyses. its full length cdna (666 bp) was obtained by 3'-end and 5'-end rapid amplification of cdna ends (race). the analysis via ncbi blast indicates that both aminoacid sequence and nucleotide sequence of the m ...201323615469
ethnopharmacological survey on medicinal plants used in herbal drinks among the traditional communities of pakistan.there is very limited information regarding medicinal plants used by traditional healers in pakistan, for treating wide-ranging diseases. current study provides significant ethnopharmacological information, both qualitative and quantitative on medical plants in pakistan and the pharmacological importance of herbal drinks, especially in the discovery of new drugs.201626947900
prospects of apicultural entrepreneurship in coastal districts of eastern india: a melissopalynological evaluation.a melissopalynological analysis of fifty-one natural honey samples (twenty four spring, fifteen summer and twelve winter) collected during 2010-2011 from two east-coastal districts (20(0)20/ to 22(0)11/ n, 82(0)39/ to 87(0)01/ e) of orissa, india was performed. out of 37 unifloral samples found 25 were contributed by apis cerana indica, seven by a. dorsata and the remaining five by a. florea. out of 14 multifloral samples five were contributed by a. cerana indica, five by a. dorsata and the rema ...201424740144
salt management strategy defines the stem and leaf hydraulic characteristics of six mangrove tree species.mangroves in hypersaline coastal habitats are under constant high xylem tension and face great risk of hydraulic dysfunction. to investigate the relationships between functional traits and salt management, we measured 20 hydraulic and photosynthetic traits in four salt-adapted (sa) and two non-sa (nsa) mangrove tree species in south china. the sa species included two salt secretors (sss), avicennia marina (forsskål) vierhapper and aegiceras corniculatum (l.) blanco and two salt excluders (ses), ...201728100712
air pollution tolerance index (apti) of some tree species growing near rail roads of madurai, tamil nadu (india).biological monitoring and assessment studies due to urban--rail road pollutants were carried out using air pollution tolerance index (apti) of plants. four plant (leaf) parameters--namely ascorbic acid, total chlorophyll, relative water content and leaf extract ph were combined together in a formulation signifying the apti of plants. apti was calculated for five different species such as azadirachta indica, delonix regia, ficus religiosa, pongamia pinnata and polyalthia longifolia growing in two ...201022312796
antibacterial activity of karanj (pongamia pinnata) and neem (azadirachta indica) seed oil: a preliminary report.the antibacterial activity of karanj (pongamia pinnata) and neem (azadirachta indica) seed oil in vitro against fourteen strains of pathogenic bacteria was assessed. using the tube dilution technique, it was observed that 57.14 and 21.42% of the pathogens were inhibited at 500 microl/ml; 14.28 and 71.42% at 125 microl/ml; and 28.57 and 7.14% at 250 microl/ml of karanj and neem oils, respectively. the activity with both the oils was bactericidal and independent of temperature and energy. most of ...200111414503
ethnomedicinal plants to cure skin diseases-an account of the traditional knowledge in the coastal parts of central western ghats, karnataka, india.documentation of ethnomedicinal knowledge pertaining to the treatment of different types of skin diseases from the central western ghats of india, a rich habitat of different ethnic communities.201424239890
[chemical study of indonesian medicinal plants].a series of scientific expeditions in indonesia for collecting informations and materials concerning locally used medicinal plants and javanese traditional medicine "jamu" have been carried out by us since 1985. this article reviews pharmacochemical investigations of nine indonesian medicinal plants: i.e. pongamia pinnata (papilionaceae), fagara rhetza (rutaceae), calotropis gigantea (asclepiadaceae), beilschmiedia madang (lauraceae), caesalpinia major (fabaceae), peronema canescens (verbenaceae ...19968993230
plant regeneration through somatic embryogenesis and genome size analysis of coriandrum sativum the present study, an improved plant regeneration protocol via primary and secondary somatic embryogenesis was established in two co-1 and rajendra swathi (rs) varieties of coriandrum sativum l. callus was induced from root explants on 2, 4-d (0.5-2.0 mg/l) supplemented ms. the addition of ba (0.2 mg/l) improved callus induction and proliferation response significantly. the maximum callus induction frequency was on 1.0 mg/l 2, 4-d and 0.2 mg/l ba added ms medium (77.5 % in co-1 and 72.3 % in ...201726910351
antioxidant activity of the ancient herb, holy basil in ccl4-induced liver injury in herbal preparation called "holy basil plus herbal powder" (hbpp) containing ocimum santum, withania somnifera, pongamia pinnata, plumbago indica, emblica officinalis and curcuma longa was investigated as an antioxidant and hepatoprotective agent. the antioxidant activity of hbpp was investigated in rats with liver injury induced by oral administration of carbon tetrachloride:olive oil (1:1). hbpp was administered orally at 500 mg/kg daily for 7 days before. hbpp exhibited statistically signif ...201526925464
synthesis of fatty acid methyl ester from the transesterification of high- and low-acid-content crude palm oil (elaeis guineensis) and karanj oil (pongamia pinnata) over a calcium-lanthanum-aluminum mixed-oxides catalyst.the synthesis of fatty acid methyl ester (fame) from the high- and low-acid-content feedstock of crude palm oil (cpo) and karanj oil (ko) was conducted over cao-la2o3-al2o3 mixed-oxide catalyst. various reaction parameters were investigated using a batch reactor to identify the best reaction condition that results in the highest fame yield for each type of oil. the transesterification of cpo resulted in a 97.81% fame yield with the process conditions of 170°c reaction temperature, 15:1 dmc-to-cp ...201627136612
three new species of reared parasitic wasps (hymenoptera: braconidae: microgastrinae) from india.three new species of parasitic wasps (braconidae: microgastrinae) from southern india are described and illustrated. glyptapanteles clanisae sp. nov., a remarkable gregarious endoparasitoid, was bred from the caterpillar of clanis phalaris cramer (lepidoptera: sphingidae) on the host plant pongamia pinnata (l.) (leguminosae) along with a hyperparasitoid, eurytoma sp. (eurytomidae). glyptapanteles trilochae sp. nov., was reared from parasitized caterpillar of trilocha varians (walker) (lepidopter ...201326191590
the first record of the genus <i>tanaostigma</i> (hymenoptera: tanaostigmatidae) in the old world, with the description of a new species from india.tanaostigma howard (hymenoptera: tanaostigmatidae) is recorded for the first time in the fauna of the old world, with t. indica gupta sp. n.  described and illustrated from southern india, reared from millettia (=pongamia) pinnata (fabaceae).201627988713
pyridine metabolism and trigonelline synthesis in leaves of the mangrove legume trees derris indica (millettia pinnata) and caesalpinia crista.the aim of this study was to reveal the pyridine metabolism in leaves of two mangrove legumes, derris indica (= millettia pinnata or pongamia pinnata) and caesalpinia crista. radioactivity from [carbonyl-14c]nicotinamide supplied exogenously to young leaf disks was recovered in nicotinic acid, nicotinic acid mononucleotide, nad, nadp, nicotinamide mononucleotide and trigonelline. these mangrove species, especially d. indica, have strong ability to convert nicotinamide to trigonelline, but not to ...201122312719
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