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distribution, feeding behavior and control strategies of the exotic land snail achatina fulica (gastropoda: pulmonata) in the northeast of brazil.the goal of this study was to document the distribution and establishment a. fulica such as their feeding preference and behavior in situ. the study was carried out at the city of lauro de freitas, bahia state, brazil, between november 2001 and november 2002. we used catch per unit effort methods to determine abundance, distribution, habitat choice and food preferences. the abundance and distribution of a. fulica was most representative in urban area, mainly near to the coastline. lots and house ...200819197503
doubly linked, a-type proanthocyanidin trimer and other constituents of ixora coccinea leaves and their antioxidant and antibacterial properties.phytochemical investigation of the ethyl acetate fraction of the methanol extract of the leaves of ixora coccinea led to the isolation and identification of an a-type trimeric proanthocyanidin epicatechin-(2β→o→7, 4β→8)-epicatechin-(5→o→2β, 6→4β)-epicatechin named ixoratannin a-2 along with seven known compounds, epicatechin, procyanidin a2, cinnamtannin b-1, and four flavon-3-ol rhamnosides viz: kaempferol-7-o-α-l-rhamnnoside, kaempferol-3-o-α-l-rhamnoside, quercetin-3-o-α-l-rhamnopyranoside, a ...201020843529
evaluation of wound healing and antimicrobial potentials of ixora coccinea root extract.to evaluate the wound healing and antimicrobial activity of root extracts of ixora coccinea (i. coccinea).201122118031
can scientific evidence support using bangladeshi traditional medicinal plants in the treatment of diarrhoea? a review on seven plants.diarrhoea is a common disease which causes pain and may be deadly, especially in developing countries. in bangladesh, diarrhoeal diseases affect thousands of people every year, and children are especially vulnerable. bacterial toxins or viral infections are the most common cause of the disease. the diarrhoea outbreaks are often associated with flood affected areas with contaminated drinking water and an increased risk of spreading the water-borne disease. not surprisingly, plants found in the ne ...201323698166
protection of ornamental gold fish carassius auratus against aeromonas hydrophila by treating ixora coccinea active principles.herbals such as ixora coccinea, daemia extensa and tridax procumbens were selected to screen in vitro antibacterial and immunostimulant activity against the freshwater fish pathogen aeromonas hydrophila using different organic polar and non-polar solvents. initial screening results revealed that, ethyl acetate extracts and its purified fraction of i. coccinea was able to suppress the a. hydrophila strains at more than 15 mm of zone of inhibition and positive immunostimulant activity. the purifie ...201424380832
host suitability of ixora spp. for the root-knot nematodes meloidogyne incognita race 1 and m. javanica.eight commonly cultivated ixora species or cultivars were tested for their suitability as hosts and their level of tolerance to meloidogyne incognita race 1 and m. javanica in a greenhouse study. twenty weeks postinoculation with 5,000 eggs per pot, m. incognita race 1 and m. javanica produced galls and formed egg masses on roots of all eight ixora species or cultivars tested. however, only m. javanica-infected 'petite yellow' and 'maui' had decreases (p </= 0.05) in root wet weights, suggesting ...199219283052
screening of rubiaceae and apocynaceae extracts for mosquito larvicidal potential.rubiaceae and apocynaceae families are well known for the expression of cyclotides having insecticidal properties. leaves and flowers extracts of plants from the families rubiaceae (ixora coccinea) and apocynaceae (allamanda violacea) were evaluated for mosquito larvicidal effect against early ivth instars of aedes aegypti and anopheles stephensi. two forms of plant extracts, one untreated and the other treated with heat and proteolytic enzyme were used for assay. after primary assay, the extrac ...201525317964
antidiarrheal activity of flowers of ixora coccinea linn. in rats.ixora coccinea linn (rubiaceae), a small shrub cultivated throughout india, has been reported to possess a number of medicinal properties. it has traditionally been used for the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery. however the claims of ayurveda have to be validated by suitable experimental models. the present study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of i. coccinea for its antidiarrheal potential against several experimental models of diarrhea in albino wistar rat ...201021731376
hepatoprotective effect of three herbal extracts on aflatoxin b1-intoxicated rat liver.roots of ixora coccinea (rubiaceae), and rhinacanthus nasuta (acanthaceae) and whole plants of spilanthes ciliata (asteraceae) are extensively used by tribal communities in south india to treat liver diseases. however, the veracity of these tribal claims has not been investigated scientifically using the liver toxin, aflatoxin. this study reports on the protective effects of these three herbal ethanolic extracts on the aflatoxin b1 (afb1)-intoxicated livers of albino male wistar rats.201020505912
antimutagenicity of some flowers grown in thailand.the mutagenicity of dichloromethane, methanol and water extracts of antigonon leptopus hook. & arn., curcuma sessilis gage, hibiscus rosa-sinensis linn., ixora coccinea linn., millingtonia hortensis linn., nelumbo nucifera gaertn., plumeria obtusa linn., punica granatum linn., rhinacanthus nasutus ((linn.) kurz.) and syzygium malaccense ((linn.) merr.& perry) before and after nitrite treatment was firstly investigated in the ames test. their antimutagenicity against the product of the reaction m ...201020100534
antinociceptive action of aqueous extract of the leaves of ixora coccinea.the aim of this study was to examine the antinociceptive potential of leaves of ixora coccinea (family: rubeaceae). one of four doses (500, 750, 1000 or 1500 mg/kg, n = 8/dose) of aqueous leaf extract (ale) or 1 ml of distilled water was orally administered to male rats and antinociceptive activity was ascertained using three models ofnociception (tail flick, hot plate and formalin tests). the results showed that ale possesses considerable antinociceptive activity (when evaluated in hot plate an ...200515813211
effects of the flower extract of ixora coccinea linn. on the meristematic cells of allium cepa.the aqueous extract of flowers of i. coccinea was evaluated for its cytotoxic and mutagenic effects on the meristematic cells of onion root tip. the percentage of abnormalities was found to increase with the increase in the concentration of the extract from 20 to 60 mg/ml. with 80 mg/ml completed arrest or total inhibition of cell division was observed. the major abnormalities were unprinted chromosomes at metaphase. stickiness and clumping of chromosomes were induced by higher concentrations of ...199822556853
biology and description of <i>megaprosternum</i> <i>cleonarovorum</i> sp. nov. hymenoptera: bethylidae) a gregarious larval ectoparasitoid of <i>cleonaria</i> <i>bicolor</i> thomson (coleoptera: cerambycidae) from india.megaprosternum azevedo (bethylidae: scleroderminae) is newly recorded from the oriental region, and m. cleonarovorum gupta & azevedo sp. nov. is described and illustrated from southern india as a gregarious larval ectoparasitoid of cleonaria bicolor thomson (coleoptera: cerambycidae) on the host plant ixora coccinea l. (rubiacae). this is the first ever documentation of the biology of megaprosternum azevedo.201728264303
cytotoxic potential of selected medicinal plants in northeast brazil.great biodiversity is a highlight of brazilian flora. in contrast, the therapeutic potentialities of most species used in folk medicine remain unknown. several of these species are commonly used to treat cancer. in this study, we investigated the cytotoxic activity of 18 plants from 16 families that are found in the northeast region of brazil.201627391476
analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic effects of ixora coccinea.abstract background: the present study was carried out to explore the potential of the ethanol extract of ixora coccinea l. (ic) leaves as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agents using the hot-plate, acetic acid-induced writhing, carrageenan-induced paw edema and brewer's yeast-induced pyrexia tests in rodents. methods: the extract was prepared by soaking the dried powdered leaves of ic in ethanol for 2 days. the filtrate thus obtained by filtration and evaporation was considered as ...201424468614
inhibition of phagocytic and intracellular killing activity of human neutrophils by aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of ixora coccinea.ixora coccinea is widely used in ayurveda and traditional medicinal practices in sri lanka and in asia for acute bronchitis, reddened eyes and eruptions and dermatological disorders. the aim of this study was to determine the underling mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of ixora coccinea with respect to its inhibitory activity on human neutrophils.201424704593
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