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analysis of intestinal flora of a patient with congenital absence of the portal vein.a 14-year-old female patient, admitted for a closer examination of liver tumour (hepatocellular adenoma), was diagnosed as having a congenital absence of the portal vein. the blood ammonia level (approximately 120 micrograms dl-1) in the superior mesenteric vein was markedly low compared to the normal value of 300-350 micrograms dl-1 in the portal vein. the decreased ammonia concentration and urease activity of the patient's faeces were demonstrated. the dominant intestinal flora in the faeces o ...19938364525
specific spoilage organisms in breweries and laboratory media for their detection.the gram positive bacteria are generally regarded as the most hazardous beer spoilage organisms in modern breweries, especially the lactobacilli: l. brevis, l. lindneri, l. curvatus, l. casei, l. buchneri, l. coryneformis, l. plantarum, l. brevisimilis, l. malefermentans and l. parabuchneri and the pediococci: p damnosus, p. inopinatus and p. dextrinicus. micrococcus kristinae is the only species within the micrococci relevant to brewing. the gram negative strictly anaerobic bacteria are apparen ...19968913814
kocuria palustris sp. nov. and kocuria rhizophila sp. nov., isolated from the rhizoplane of the narrow-leaved cattail (typha angustifolia).two gram-positive, aerobic spherical actinobacteria were isolated from the rhizoplane of narrow-leaved cattail (typha angustifolia) collected from a floating mat in the soroksár tributary of the danube river, hungary. sequence comparisons of the 16s rdna indicated these isolates to be phylogenetic neighbours of members of the genus kocuria, family micrococcaceae, in which they represent two novel lineages. the phylogenetic distinctness of the two organisms ta68t and taga27t was supported by dna- ...199910028258
time series analysis of aerobic bacterial flora during miso fermentation.this article reports a microbiological study of aerobic mesophilic bacteria that are present during the fermentation process of miso.200312859661
microbiological characteristics of "androlla", a spanish traditional pork sausage.counts of total aerobic mesophilic microflora, lactic acid bacteria, salt-tolerant microflora, enterobacteriaceae, enterococci, moulds and yeasts, and staphylococci, and some physico-chemical parameters (total solids, nacl and nitrate contents and ph and aw values) were determined in 20 units of "androlla", a traditional dry-fermented sausage made in the nw of spain. in general, high counts of all the investigated microbial groups were observed, with average values of 8.99 +/- 0.46 log cfu/g for ...200716943094
biodiversity of bacterial ecosystems in traditional egyptian domiati cheese.bacterial biodiversity occurring in traditional egyptian soft domiati cheese was studied by pcr-temporal temperature gel electrophoresis (ttge) and pcr-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (dgge). bands were identified using a reference species database (j.-c. ogier et al., appl. environ. microbiol. 70:5628-5643, 2004); de novo bands having nonidentified migration patterns were identified by dna sequencing. results reveal a novel bacterial profile and extensive bacterial biodiversity in domia ...200717189434
[bacteremia caused by kocuria kristinae in a patient with acute leukaemia]. 200818191518
[bacteremia caused by kocuria kristinae in a patient with acute leukaemia]. 200818395377
kocuria halotolerans sp. nov., an actinobacterium isolated from a saline soil in china.a gram-positive actinobacterium, designated strain yim 90716(t), was isolated from a saline soil sample collected from ganjiahu suosuo forest national nature reserve in xinjiang province, north-west china. the new isolate contained lysine, glutamic acid and alanine with peptidoglycan type lys-ala(3) (variation a3alpha). the major phospholipids were phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. the predominant menaqinone was mk-7(h(2)). the major fatty acids were anteiso-c(15 : 0), iso-c(16 : ...200919502308
antimicrobial and antihyperlipidemic activities of isolated quercetin from anabaena aequalis(1).this study aimed to isolate quercetin (for the first time) from anabaena aequalis borge, which inhabits soil surface of wadi el-alaqui protectorate located in aswan city, egypt. the isolated compound showed significant antibacterial activity against the gram-positive bacteria sarcina maxima and micrococcus kristinae, the gram-negative bacterium klebsiella pneumoniae, as well as against the filamentous fungus aspergillus flavus. the isolated compound was identified as quercetin using the structur ...201127020030
evaluation of bacterial flora during the ripening of kedong sufu, a typical chinese traditional bacteria-fermented soybean product.kedong sufu is a typical bacteria-fermented sufu in china. isolation and identification of the autochthonous bacteria involved would allow the design of specific starters for this speciality. the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the bacterial flora during the ripening of kedong sufu using polymerase chain reaction denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (pcr-dgge) and culturing.201323400969
bovine vaginal strain kocuria kristinae and its characterization.kocuria spp. are widely distributed in nature. they are gram-positive, coagulase-negative, coccoid bacteria belonging to the family micrococcaceae, suborder micrococcineae, order actinomycetales, class actinobacteria. in general, limited knowledge exists concerning the properties associated with the representants of the genus kocuria, kocuria kristinae as well. following our previous results, k. kristinae kk2014 biocenol(™) (ccm 8628) was isolated from vagina of a healthy cow. its taxonomical al ...201626494240
umbilical sepsis caused by multidrug resistant strain of kocuria kristinae in a new born: a case report.kocuria species were placed previously under the genus micrococcus, are skin and oropharynx commensals in mammals, including man. a rare bacteria, kocuria kristinae isolated from a new born with umbilical sepsis. identification and antibiotic susceptibility was done by vitek 2 compact system (biomerieux). the isolate was sensitive to higher antibiotics like vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid. as this new pathogen resembles coagulase negative staphylococcus, it should not be misidentified.201627190805
microbiological contamination of drugs during their administration for anesthesia in the operating room.the aseptic techniques of anesthesiologists in the preparation and administration of injected medications have not been extensively investigated, but emerging data demonstrate that inadvertent lapses in aseptic technique may be an important contributor to surgical site and other postoperative infections.201626845141
evaluation of autochthonous micrococcus strains as starter cultures for the production of kedong sufu.the technological properties of 22 micrococcus strains from traditional fermented kedong sufu were evaluated in order to develop autochthonous starter cultures.201626666740
native valve endocarditis caused by kocuria kristinae. 201726585820
[infections due to kocuria kristinae: case reports of two patients and review of the literature].kocuria kristinae is a gram-positive coccus of the family of micrococcaceae. it inhabits the skin and mucous and human oropharynx and some mammals. clinical cases of proven infections are scarce, affecting patients with indwelling devices and severe underlying diseases. we report two unusual case of a k. kristinae infection in a hemodialysis. first is a case of bacteremia associated with permanent hemodialysis catheter in a 20-year-old female; and second is a case of acute peritonitis in a 68-ye ...201425643779
application of autochthonous mixed starter for controlled kedong sufu fermentation in pilot plant tests.traditional sufu is fermented by back-slopping and back-slopping has many defects. the objective of this study was to apply autochthonous mixed starter to control kedong sufu fermentation. sufu was manufactured using back-slopping (batch a) and autochthonous mixed starter (batch b) with kocuria kristinae f7, micrococcus luteus kdf1, and staphylococcus carnosus kdfr1676. considering physicochemical properties of sufu, 150-day sufu samples from batch a and 90-day sufu samples from batch b met the ...201525533352
kocuria kristinae, an unusual pathogen causing opportunistic infections in patients with malignancy. 201425297040
kocuria kristinae in catheter associated urinary tract infection: a case report.kocuria kristinae is a gram positive coccus of the family of micrococcacae. it inhabits the skin and mucous membranes, but it has rarely been isolated from clinical specimens and is thus considered to be a non-pathogenic commensal. however, it may cause opportunistic infections in patients with indwelling devices and severe underlying diseases. we are reporting an unusual case of a kocuria kristinae urinary tract infection in a catheterized, 20-years old male. to the best of our knowledge, this ...201324086877
kocuria kristinae: a true pathogen in pediatric patients.kocuria kristinae is a gram-positive microorganism, which has rarely been reported as a pathogen that causes infection in humans. recently, a few studies had concluded that this pathogen can indeed cause infection in immunocompromised hosts. however, the number of reports on k. kristinae infection in pediatric patients is still relatively limited.201523968754
kocuria kristinae endocarditis related to diabetic foot infection.we report an unusual case of endocarditis occurring in a 74-year-old man with a history of systemic hypertension, diabetes mellitus and minor amputation for left forefoot ulcer. the patient was hospitalized for vacuum-assisted closure therapy to aid in wound healing. after the first treatment session, the patient reported abdominal pain with haematemesis and fever (40 °c). owing to persistent fever, three blood cultures were performed, all positive for kocuria kristinae. the identification was b ...201323518651
kocuria kristinae infection during adalimumab treatment.a common inhabitant of skin, the kocuria kristinae of the micrococcaceae family, has gained attention in recent years because it can induce pathology in humans. reported is a kocuria kristinae-caused abdominal abscess in a patient treated for rheumatoid arthritis with adalimumab. the tumor necrosis factor (tnf) inhibitor drugs are known to cause various bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. this is the first known case where an opportunistic infection with kocuria has presented with an abdomi ...201727756166
bacteremia caused by kocuria kristinae from egypt: are there more? a case report and review of the literature.kocuria kristinae is opportunistic gram-positive cocci from the family micrococcaceae. it is usually considered part of the normal flora that rarely is isolated from clinical specimens. here, we report a case of kocuria kristinae bacteremia; to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report from egypt.201627872773
central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection with kocuria kristinae in a patient with propionic acidemia.kocuria kristinae is a catalase-positive, coagulase-negative, gram-positive coccus found in the environment and in normal skin and mucosa in humans; however, it is rarely isolated from clinical specimens and is considered a nonpathogenic bacterium. we describe a case of catheter-related bacteremia due to k. kristinae in a young adult with propionic acidemia undergoing periodic hemodialysis. the patient had a central venous catheter implanted for total parenteral nutrition approximately 6 months ...201728194286
adherence of bacteria to mucus collected from different parts of the reproductive tract of heifers and cows.in the present study, we examined the adherence of indigenous vaginal bacteria, probiotic strains, and metritis pathogens to mucus collected from different parts of the reproductive tracts of heifers and cows and compared their adherence with the bacterial adherence to mucus collected from the stomach and large intestine of pigs. most of the vaginal strains adhered to mucus collected from different parts of the reproductive tract and strongly adhered to gastric mucus, with the exception of lacto ...201324206354
microorganisms and heavy metals associated with atmospheric deposition in a congested urban environment of a developing country: sri lanka.the presence of bacteria and heavy metals in atmospheric deposition were investigated in kandy, sri lanka, which is a typical city in the developing world with significant traffic congestion. atmospheric deposition samples were analyzed for al, cr, mn, fe, ni, cu, zn, cd and pb which are heavy metals common to urban environments. al and fe were found in high concentrations due to the presence of natural sources, but may also be re-suspended by vehicular traffic. relatively high concentrations of ...201728185730
evaluation of bacterial contamination of dental unit waterlines and use of a newly designed measurement device to assess retraction of a dental chair unit.dental unit waterline (duwl) output water is delivered through instruments of a dental chair unit (dcu) to irrigate and cool teeth. however, these waterlines can be heavily contaminated with bacteria.201627000421
kocuria polaris sp. nov., an orange-pigmented psychrophilic bacterium isolated from an antarctic cyanobacterial mat sample.strain cms 76ort, an orange-pigmented bacterium, was isolated from a cyanobacterial mat sample from a pond located in mcmurdo dry valley, antarctica. on the basis of chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain cms 76ort was identified as a member of the genus kocuria. it exhibited a 16s rdna similarity of 99.8% and dna-dna similarity of 71% with kocuria rosea (atcc 186t). phenotypic traits confirmed that strain cms 78ort and k. rosea were well differentiated. furthermore, strain cms 76ort ...200312656171
antibacterial activity of water and acetone extracts of the roots of euclea natalensis.water and acetone extracts of the roots of euclea natalensis a.dc. were investigated for their in vitro antibacterial properties. the gram-positive bacteria tested appeared to be more susceptible to the extracts than the gram-negative bacteria. the water and acetone extracts inhibited the growth of bacillus cereus, bacillus pumilus, bacillus subtilis, micrococcus kristinae and staphylococcus aureus at concentrations ranging between 0.1 and 6.0 mg/ml. the water extract did not exert any inhibitor ...200010967488
antibacterial activity of linoleic and oleic acids isolated from helichrysum pedunculatum: a plant used during circumcision rites.the antibacterial activity-guided fractionation of the dichloromethane extract of leaves of helichrysum pedunculatum resulted in the isolation of linoleic and oleic acids. linoleic acid inhibited the growth of all the gram-positive bacterial species tested with the minimum inhibitory concentration (mic) varying between 0.01 and 1.0 mg/ml. oleic acid was active against three of the five gram-positive bacteria at a mic of 1.0 mg/ml. both compounds were inactive against the gram-negative species te ...200010925024
an acylated phloroglucinol with antimicrobial properties from helichrysum caespititium.a new acylated form of a phloroglucinol with significant antimicrobial properties was isolated by bioactivity guided fractionation from helichrysum caespititium (asteraceae). the structure elucidation, and conformation of the new phloroglucinol, 2-methyl-4-[2',4',6'-trihydroxy-3'-(2-methylpropanoyl) phenyl]but-2-enyl acetate, was established by high field nmr spectroscopic and ms data. the compound inhibited growth of bacillus cereus, b. pumilus, b. subtilis and micrococcus kristinae at the very ...200010656414
antibacterial activity of helichrysum aureonitens (asteraceae).the antibacterial activity of extracts from helichrysum aureonitens was investigated. the dichloromethane extract was active against all five gram positive bacteria tested and the methanol extract was active only against bacillus cereus, b. pumilus and micrococcus kristinae, while the water extract had no activity against any of the organisms. none of the extracts inhibited the growth of the five gram negative bacteria tested.19957500636
bacteraemia caused by stomatococcus mucilaginosus in a granulocytopenic patient with acute lymphocytic leukaemia.a patient undergoing chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia developed bacteraemia caused by stomatococcus mucilaginosus while he was granulocytopenic. the organism may have been selected from the upper respiratory tract flora during prophylaxis with oral ciprofloxacin and then translocated to the blood stream via the mucosa. the strain produced an api-staph profile indistinguishable from that of micrococcus kristinae. since a catalase-negative reaction is highly suggestive of s. mucilagi ...19892601792
black tongue associated with kocuria (micrococcus) kristinae bacteremia in a 4-month-old infant. 201121935583
central venous catheter-related bacteremia caused by kocuria kristinae: case report and review of the literature.kocuria species are unusual human pathogens isolated most commonly from immunocompromised hosts, such as transplant recipients and cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, or from patients with chronic medical conditions. a case of catheter-related bacteremia with pulmonary septic emboli in a pregnant adult female without chronic medical conditions is described. a review of other reported kocuria infections is provided.201121864336
an unusual organism for capd-related peritonitis: kocuria kristinae. 201121282396
kocuria kristinae: an unusual cause of acute peritoneal dialysis-related infection. 201121282394
catheter-related bacteraemia and infective endocarditis caused by kocuria species.we describe five patients with positive blood culture for kocuria species. three patients had catheter-related bacteraemia and one had infective endocarditis caused by kocuria kristinae, and one had a k. marina isolate, which was considered to be a contaminant. identification of the isolates was further confirmed by 16s rrna gene sequence analysis. in conclusion, kocuria species are an unusual cause of infection in immunocompromised patients. accurate identification with molecular methods is imp ...201120218989
kocuria koreensis sp. nov., isolated from fermented seafood.a gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile and coccoid actinobacterium, designated p31(t), was isolated from a traditional, fermented seafood. the strain was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. cells grew in the presence of 0-15.0 % (w/v) nacl, and at ph 5-10 and 15-37 degrees c. major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-c(15 : 0), anteiso-c(17 : 0) and iso-c(16 : 0). strain p31(t) contained mk-7 as the predominant menaquinone. the dna g+c content of the genomic dna of strain p31(t) was 65.2 mol%. a ...201019648328
vitek 2 automated identification system and kocuria kristinae. 200516272536
kocuria kristinae infection associated with acute cholecystitis.kocuria, previously classified into the genus of micrococcus, is commonly found on human skin. two species, k. rosea and k. kristinae, are etiologically associated with catheter-related bacteremia.200516029488
[occurrence of bacteria in the mouth from genera of micrococcus, kocuria, nesterenkonia, kytococcus and dermacoccus].the aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of different bacteria in the oral cavity. the bacteria were present in the oral cavities of 73 (48.7%) of 150 individuals. nesterenkonia halobia, the most frequently isolated species, was found in 20 (27%) individuals, micrococcus luteus in 16 (22%), kocuria kristinae in 12 (16%), kocuria varians in 10 (14%), dermacoccus sedentarius in 9 (12%), micrococcus lylae in 8 (11%), and kytococcus nishinomiyaensis in 3 (4%). mean counts of these microorga ...200212185681
catheter-related bacteremia due to kocuria kristinae in a patient with ovarian cancer.we report on the first case of a catheter-related recurrent bacteremia caused by kocuria kristinae, a gram-positive microorganism belonging to the family micrococcaceae, in a 51-year-old woman with ovarian cancer. this unusual pathogen may cause opportunistic infections in patients with severe underlying diseases.200211773142
antibacterial activity of helichrysum pedunculatum used in circumcision rites.antibacterial assays of helichrysum pedunculatum showed that dichloromethane extracts are active against all the gram positive bacteria tested, as well as two gram negative bacteria, enterobacter cloacae and serratia marcescens. a water extract was effective against staphylococcus aureus and micrococcus kristinae, while a methanol extract showed no activity against any of the tested organisms. the antibacterial activity of dichloromethane extract was also investigated by direct bioassay on tlc p ...19968807475
taxonomic dissection of the genus micrococcus: kocuria gen. nov., nesterenkonia gen. nov., kytococcus gen. nov., dermacoccus gen. nov., and micrococcus cohn 1872 gen. emend.the results of a phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analysis of the genus micrococcus indicated that it is significantly heterogeneous. except for micrococcus lylae, no species groups phylogenetically with the type species of the genus, micrococcus luteus. the other members of the genus form three separate phylogenetic lines which on the basis of chemotaxonomic properties can be assigned to four genera. these genera are the genus kocuria gen. nov. for micrococcus roseus, micrococcus varians, and mi ...19957547287
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