evaluation of population-level ecological risks of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl exposure to fish-eating birds in tokyo bay and its vicinity.population-level assessments of the ecological risks of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl (pcb) exposure to fish-eating birds in tokyo bay and its vicinity were performed to judge the need for risk management measures to protect aquatic wildlife from dioxin-like pcb contamination. egg mortality risk and changes in the population growth rate (lambda) in relation to the contamination levels of dioxin-like pcbs in eggs of gray heron (ardea cinerea), great cormorant (phalacrocorax carbo), osprey ...200717283596
serologic survey of birds for west nile flavivirus in southern moravia (czech republic).a serosurvey for west nile virus (wnv) was carried out in 54 domestic birds (geese and ducks bred on fishponds) and 391 wild birds representing 28 migratory and resident species, using a plaque-reduction neutralization microtest with vero cells and egyptian topotype eg-101 strain as test virus. the birds were sampled in the south-moravian fishpond ecosystem between 2004 and 2006. antibodies to wnv were not detected in domestic waterfowl, but 23 (5.9%) free-living birds of 10 species showed a pos ...200818454599
prevalence, diversity and characterization of enterococci from three coraciiform birds.coraciiform birds hoopoe (upupa epops), common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) and european roller (coracius garrulus) were examined for enterococci in their cloacae and uropygial glands. the enterococcal isolates were identified at the species level using several genomic and proteomic methods, screened for antibiotic susceptibility and genotyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge). clonality of isolates from the common kingfisher was also assessed by multi-locus sequence typing (mlst). using ...201525772302
description of proyseria petterae n. sp., with an amended generic diagnosis and a review of the species of proyseria petter, 1959 and stegophorus wehr, 1934 (nematoda: acuariidae).proyseria decora (dujardin, 1845) (the type-species of the genus proyseria petter, 1959) is redescribed on the basis of specimens from alcedo atthis (l.) (coraciiformes: alcedinidae) from iran. p. petterae n. sp. is described from corythornis vintsioides (eydoux & gervais) (alcedinidae) from madagascar by light and scanning electron microscopy. proyseria sp. from alcedo euryzona temminck from continental malaysia is described on the basis of a single male specimen. stegophorus alcedonis puqin, y ...201425079811
an experimental evaluation of the influence of water depth and bottom color on the common kingfisher's foraging investigate how depth and bottom color affect prey selectivity in common kingfisher (alcedo atthis), we developed several experimental procedures using captive birds. we used 20 young kingfishers to test depth (25 or 50cm) and color (natural gravel or white) effects on foraging behavior. live freshwater fish were used as target prey. to assess differences resulting from the natural behavior of different fish, we chose bottom-dwelling [ebro barbel (barbus graellsii)] and open-water benthopelag ...201323624098
using the kingfisher (alcedo atthis) as a bioindicator of pcbs and pbdes in the dinghushan biosphere reserve, china.the dinghushan biosphere reserve is a nature reserve and a site for the study of tropical and subtropical forest ecosystems. rapid industrialization and intensive electronic waste-recycling activities around the biosphere reserve have resulted in elevated levels of industrial organic contaminants in the local environment that may cause adverse effects on wildlife that inhabits this area. in the present study, polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes), and 2 alterna ...201323554012
enterococcus alcedinis sp. nov., isolated from common kingfisher (alcedo atthis).two gram-positive, catalase-negative bacterial strains were isolated from the cloaca of common kingfishers (alcedo atthis). repetitive sequence-based pcr fingerprinting using the (gtg)5 primer grouped these isolates into a single cluster separated from all known enterococcal species. the two strains revealed identical 16s rrna gene sequences placing them within the genus enterococcus with enterococcus aquimarinus lmg 16607(t) as the closest relative (97.14 % similarity). further taxonomic invest ...201323416573
characterization of three new mitochondrial genomes of coraciiformes (megaceryle lugubris, alcedo atthis, halcyon smyrnensis) and insights into their phylogenetics.coraciiformes contains more than 200 species with great differences on external morphology and life-style. the evolutionary relationships within coraciiformes and the phylogenetic placement of coraciiformes in aves are still questioned. mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequences are popular markers in molecular phylogenetic studies of birds. this study presented the genome characteristics of three new mitogenomes in coraciiformes and explored the phylogenetic relationships among coraciiformes a ...202033026411
molecular prey identification in central european analysis is an important aspect when investigating the ecology of fish-eating animals and essential for assessing their functional role in food webs across aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. the identification of fish remains in dietary samples, however, can be time-consuming and unsatisfying using conventional morphological analysis of prey remains. here, we present a two-step multiplex pcr system, comprised of six assays, allowing for rapid, sensitive and specific detection of fish dna i ...201626053612
hepatic ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase induction in the common kingfisher from an electronic waste recycling site.the health effects of exposure to electronic waste (e-waste)-derived pollutants are an important issue. the authors explored the association between the hepatic levels of e-waste-derived halogenated contaminants (including polychlorinated biphenyls [pcbs], polybrominated diphenyl ethers [pbdes], and polybrominated biphenyls [pbbs]) and hepatic ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase (erod) activity of the common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) from an e-waste site and 2 reference sites in south china. the summe ...201626509239
site-occupancy distribution modeling to correct population-trend estimates derived from opportunistic observations.species' assessments must frequently be derived from opportunistic observations made by volunteers (i.e., citizen scientists). interpretation of the resulting data to estimate population trends is plagued with problems, including teasing apart genuine population trends from variations in observation effort. we devised a way to correct for annual variation in effort when estimating trends in occupancy (species distribution) from faunal or floral databases of opportunistic observations. first, for ...201020337672
occurrence of microplastics in pellets from the common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) along the ticino river, north italy.previous research has reported avian plastic ingestion in marine bird species. yet, while research attention on plastic pollution is shifting from marine to freshwater ecosystems, very few information on plastic ingestion is available for freshwater birds. here, we examined the presence of microplastic in regurgitated pellets of the common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) collected along the ticino river (north italy). in total, 133 kingfisher's pellets were examined between march and october 2019 fro ...202032696405
[on a nematode parasite of the kingfisher, alcedo atthis l]. 195313148936
2,4,6,8-tetramethylundecyl 2,4,6,8-tetramethylundecanoate: a highly branched preen wax from the kingfisher (alcedo atthis). 1976786845
mercury levels in selected tissues of three kingfisher species; ceryle rudis, alcedo atthis, and halcyon smyrnensi, from shadegan marshes of iran.this study presents concentrations of mercury in tissues (feather, kidney, liver, and muscle) of three kingfisher species from shadegan marshes located in the khuzestan province in the lowlands of southwestern iran at the head of the persian gulf. the order of mercury concentrations in tissues of all the kingfishers such as pied kingfisher (ceryle rudis), common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) and white-breasted kingfisher (halcyon smyrnensis) was as follows: feather > kidney > liver > muscle. no sig ...200919031116
kingfisher feathers--colouration by pigments, spongy nanostructures and thin films.the colours of the common kingfisher, alcedo atthis, reside in the barbs of the three main types of feather: the orange breast feathers, the cyan back feathers and the blue tail feathers. scanning electron microscopy showed that the orange barbs contain small pigment granules. the cyan and blue barbs contain spongy nanostructures with slightly different dimensions, causing different reflectance spectra. imaging scatterometry showed that the pigmented barbs create a diffuse orange scattering and ...201122071186
bioaccumulation of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, decabromodiphenyl ethane, and 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane flame retardants in kingfishers (alcedo atthis) from an electronic waste-recycling site in south china.brominated flame retardants (bfrs) including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes), decabromodiphenyl ethane (dbdpe), and 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (btbpe), were investigated in common kingfishers (alcedo atthis) and their prey fish from an electronic waste-recycling site in south china. elevated bfr residues were detected in the kingfishers, with median concentrations of 8,760, 12, and 7.7 ng/g lipid weight for total pbdes, dbdpe, and btbpe, respectively. the calculated predator/pr ...201222752998
dechlorane plus flame retardant in kingfishers (alcedo atthis) from an electronic waste recycling site and a reference site, south china: influence of residue levels on the isomeric composition.dechlorane plus (dp) isomers were examined in common kingfishers (alcedo atthis) and their prey fishes collected from an electronic waste (e-waste) recycling site and a reference site in south china, to investigate the possible influence of dp residue levels on the isomeric compositions. ∑dp (sum of syn-dp and anti-dp) concentrations in kingfishers from the e-waste recycling site ranged from 29 to 150 (median of 58) ng/g lipid weight (lw), which were one order of magnitude greater than those fro ...201323246747
contamination of organohalogen chemicals and hepatic steatosis in common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) breeding at a nature reserve near e-waste recycling sites in south china.severe pollution of organohalogen compounds (ohcs) including pbdes, pcbs and ddts is demonstrated in e-waste recycling sites and metropolis in south china, but relatively little is known of their impacts on wildlife that inhabits nature reserves in this region, especially those located at the neighborhood areas of e-waste recycling sites. in the present study, pbdes, pcbs and ddts as well as liver histological changes were examined in common kingfisher breeding at a nature reserve (shimentai nat ...201931096385
spatial distribution and hazard of halogenated flame retardants and polychlorinated biphenyls to common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) from a region of south china affected by electronic waste recycling.numerous studies have reported bioaccumulation of halogenated flame retardants (hfrs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs) in wildlife from electronic waste (e-waste) recycling sites. however, the concentrations and hazards of hfrs and pcbs in wildlife from non-e-waste sites which were not involved in any known e-waste recycling activities in the e-waste-impacted region are still unclear. polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes), alternative hfrs (ahfrs; including dechlorane plus, decabromodipheny ...201931260929
contaminant-related oxidative distress in common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) breeding at an e-waste site in south china.the crude electronic waste (e-waste) recycling has caused severe contamination of polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (pbdes) in the local environment, begging the question of whether wildlife like birds living at e-waste sites are suffering from adverse effects. we examined several oxidative status markers and their relationships with hepatic concentrations of pcbs and pbdes in common kingfisher (alcedo atthis) that inhabit an e-waste site in south china. the res ...202031887468
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