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[survival od neorickettsia q18 strain in the organism of experimentally infected laboratory animals]. 1977599983
[isolation of chlamydia in keratoconjunctivitis].two isolates, identified as chlamydia (neorickettsia) were obtained from the lacrimal secretion of calves with an acute infection on two of a total of four investigated farms with a record of infectious keratoconjunctivitis. in about 70% of the calves that survived there were complement-fixing antibodies against the neorickettsial antigen, the titers ranging from 1:8 to 1:64. calves that yielded the causative agent were investigated in terms of the antibody dynamics. in the remaining herds no sp ...1978726244
[description of a case of polymorphous, diffuse angiopathy with a high titer of microagglutinating antibodies against neorickettsia q 18, in a patient with an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta]. 1976952677
isolation and continuous culture of neorickettsia helminthoeca in a macrophage cell line.experimental evidence is presented supporting the development of a system for the isolation and propagation of a neorickettsia sp. in a continuous canine macrophage cell line (dh82). to isolate a neorickettsia sp. pathogenic to the canine species, three naive dogs were fed metacercaria-encysted kidneys of salmon caught in a river where infection of metacercariae with neorickettsia helminthoeca has been circumstantially known for decades. clinically, the classic course of salmon poisoning disease ...19911774317
cross-reacting antigens between neorickettsia helminthoeca and ehrlichia species, shown by immunofluorescence and western immunoblotting.dogs orally infected with neorickettsia helminthoeca developed immunoglobulin g titers against erlichia risticii, erlichia sennetsu, and erlichia canis similar to those against n. helminthoeca antigen, as determined by immunofluorescence. western immunoblotting showed that the major common antigens shared among the microorganisms were 80- or 78-kda and 64-kda polypeptides. in contrast, horse anti-e. risticii and anti-e. sennetsu and dog anti-e. canis sera reacted more weakly to n. helminthoeca a ...19911774330
salmon poisoning disease in juvenile coyotes: clinical evaluation and infectivity of metacercariae and rickettsiae.clinical salmon poisoning disease (spd), and survival of neorickettsia helminthoeca and metacercariae of nanophyetus salmincola in fish were evaluated experimentally in 12-wk-old coyotes (canis latrans) to determine the potential of spd for biological control of coyotes. coyotes readily ate fish that contained metacercariae and rickettsiae. they developed diarrhea, anorexia and lethargy within 7 days after feeding. infected coyotes lost 58% of their body weight when compared to uninfected contro ...19873625898
cultivation of two species of neorickettsia in canine monocytes. 19744131517
an improved staining method for neorickettsia helminthoeca. 19654160493
[serological studies of respiratory diseases in calves in relation to myxovirus parainfluenzae-3, adenoviruses and neorickettsia]. 19734371378
[neorickettsia and neorickettsiosis (review)]. 19724556692
in vitro cultivation of neorickettsia helminthoeca, the causative agent of salmon poisoning disease. 19724558492
[human infection caused by rickettsiae and neorickettsiae in greece. detection of antibodies against r. prowazeki, r. mooseri, r. conori, r. burneti and neorickettsia q. 18]. 19724627735
[recurrent bedsonia uveitis: isolation of a neorickettsia in the aqueous humor]. 19724659452
preparation of complement-fixing antigens from tissue of dogs infected with neorickettsia helminthoeca. 19734693812
[pathomorphological changes in guinea pigs and their aborted fetuses in experimental neorickettsia infection]. 19734802841
[a strain of classic trachoma provoking experimental abortion in gestating rats, under the same conditions as neorickettsia strains of human or animal origin]. 19684973717
[cattle infected with babesia divergens have serums responding on the neorickettsia group (bedsonia). experimental findings]. 19704987119
[importation of exotic birds and neorickettsia]. 19695409107
a new experimental second intermediate host of nanophyetus salmincola with evidence of transmission of neorickettsia helminthoeca. 19705421098
[ultrastructural characteristics of bacterium anitratum (schaub et hauber 1948) and its antigenic affinity with neorickettsia and enterobacteria]. 19705526121
ehrlichia-like rickettsiosis in dogs in oklahoma and its relationship to neorickettsia helminthoeca. 19665913043
[on the ocular lesions caused by rickettsia and neorickettsia]. 19665959899
rickettsiaceae and chlamydiaceae: comparative electron microscopic studies.the structure and cytopathology of obligate intracellular bacteria belonging to families rickettsiaceae and chlamydiaceae and their interaction with eukaryotic host cells were compared in electron microscopic studies. "rickettsia-like" and "chlamydia-like" types of organization of bacterial cells and their interaction with host cells are presented. the rickettsia-like type is characterized by short rod-shaped cells multiplying freely ( extravacuolarly ) in the cytoplasm or nucleoplasm of the hos ...19846145350
neorickettsia-like organism isolated from metacercaria of a fluke, stellantchasmus falcatus."hyuga" fever, reportedly caused by rickettsia sennetsu, occurring in the west of japan was suspected to be an endoparasite-borne rickettsiosis. no r. sennetsu, however, was detected in metacercariae found in the muscles of grey mullets (mugil cephalus) ingested raw by most "hyuga" fever patients. instead, another neorickettsia-like organism (sf strain) was isolated occasionally from metacercariae of stellantchasmus falcatus. a dog was inoculated with sf strain. it developed mild fever after an ...19817311106
16s rrna gene sequence of neorickettsia helminthoeca and its phylogenetic alignment with members of the genus ehrlichia.neorickettsia helminthoeca (tribe ehrlichieae, family rickettsiaceae) is the agent of salmon poisoning disease, which affects members of the family canidae. this bacterium is unusual in that it is the only known obligately intracellular bacterium that is transmitted via a helminth vector. the nucleotide sequence of the n. helminthoeca 16s rrna gene was determined and compared with the sequences of intracellular bacteria belonging to the alpha subgroup of the proteobacteria. the n. helminthoeca s ...19957537055
cytopathic effect, plaque formation, and lysis of ehrlichia chaffeensis grown on continuous cell lines.ehrlichiae are strict intracellular bacterial pathogens that parasitize leukocytes or other blood cells. only six agents of the tribe ehrlichieae, namely, cowdria ruminantium, neorickettsia helminthoeca, ehrlichia risticii, ehrlichia sennetsu, ehrlichia canis, and ehrlichia chaffeensis, have been adapted to growth in continuous cell lines. e. chaffeensis, the agent of human ehrlichiosis, has been cultured only in a cell line of canine origin. we adapted purified cell-free e. chaffeensis for grow ...19948300201
characterization of ehrlichial organisms isolated from a wild mouse.an infectious agent was isolated from the enlarged spleen of a wild mouse, eothenomys kageus, by intraperitoneal inoculation of the spleen homogenate into laboratory mice. the laboratory mice developed splenomegaly, and the agent was maintained by serial passage of spleen homogenates in laboratory mice. the agent in the spleen homogenate was inactivated after incubation at 37 or 50 degrees c. tetracyclines were effective in preventing infection of mice with this agent, but penicillin and sulfona ...19938380184
ultrastructural differentiation of the genogroups in the genus ehrlichia.ultrastructural characteristics of 15 strains and isolates of ehrlichiae belonging to three genogroups, or clades of genetically related organisms united in the genera ehrlichia, cowdria, anaplasma, neorickettsia and a strain of wolbachia pipientis which represents a fourth genogroup in this cluster of species, were studied in continuous cell culture or in vivo: e. canis (oklahoma strain and vhe isolate), e. muris (as 145), e. chaffeensis (arkansas, 91he17 and sapulpa), human granulocytic ehrlic ...19989511829
citrate synthase gene sequence: a new tool for phylogenetic analysis and identification of ehrlichia.the sequence of the citrate synthase gene (glta) of 13 ehrlichial species (ehrlichia chaffeensis, ehrlichia canis, ehrlichia muris, an ehrlichia species recently detected from ixodes ovatus, cowdria ruminantium, ehrlichia phagocytophila, ehrlichia equi, the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis [hge] agent, anaplasma marginale, anaplasma centrale, ehrlichia sennetsu, ehrlichia risticii, and neorickettsia helminthoeca) have been determined by degenerate pcr and the genome walker method. the ehrlichial ...200111526124
detection of neorickettsia (ehrlichia) risticii in tissues of mice experimentally infected with cercariae of trematodes by in situ hybridization.neorickettsia (ehrlichia) risticii was demonstrated to occur in cercariae developing in juga yrekaensis snails by experimental transmission, genetic detection and histopathology. cercariae were isolated from the digestive glands of snails collected in a fresh stream water area of siskiyou county, ca, and inoculated into cf1 mice. mice developed clinical signs, splenomegaly and histopathologic abnormalities. the agent was maintained by serial passages of whole blood in cf1 mice. a 527-bp product ...200212151198
susceptibility of cattle to ehrlichia risticii, the causative agent of potomac horse fever. 200112503599
rna polymerase beta-subunit-based phylogeny of ehrlichia spp., anaplasma spp., neorickettsia spp. and wolbachia pipientis.sequence analysis of rpob, the gene encoding the beta-subunit of rna polymerase, was used in a phylogenetic investigation of nine species from the genera ehrlichia, neorickettsia, wolbachia and anaplasma. the complete nucleotide sequences obtained for anaplasma phagocytophilum (hge agent), ehrlichia chaffeensis, neorickettsia sennetsu, neorickettsia risticii, anaplasma marginale and wolbachia pipientis were amongst the longest rpob sequences in genbank and ranged from 4074 bp for n. sennetsu to ...200312710612
identification of trematode cercariae carrying neorickettsia risticii in freshwater stream snails.we provide evidence of neorickettsia (ehrlichia) risticii holland, the agent of potomac horse fever, in trematode larval stages found in aquatic snails and insects collected from a stream in korea, using nested polymerase chain reaction (pcr) and sequence analysis of the 16s rrna gene fragment amplified from several cercaria species. it was observed that of 423 (13.1%) of 3,219 snails infected with cercariae, 77 (20.8% of the 371) were infected with n. risticii. five families of trematode cercar ...200312860634
prevalence and sequence analyses of neorickettsia risticii.the presence of neorickettsia (ehrlichia) risticii dna was confirmed by pcr amplification and sequence analysis from cercaria in snails collected from stream water in chungcheong and jeonra provinces. a total of 3,219 snails were tested for trematode cercariae and n. risticii infection. n. risticii 16s rrna gene fragment was amplified in cercariae from semisulcospira libertina and radix auricularia coreana snails by nested pcr. more than four genus cercariae (schistosomatidae, microphallidae, fu ...200312860635
real-time pcr duplex assay for rickettsia prowazekii and borrelia recurrentis.rickettsia prowazekii, the etiologic agent for epidemic typhus, and borrelia recurrentis, the etiologic agent of relapsing fever, both utilize the same vector, the human body louse (pediculus humanus), to transmit human disease. we have developed an assay to detect both bacterial pathogens in a single tube utilizing real-time pcr. assays for both agents are specific. the r. prowazekii and b. recurrentis assays do not detect nucleic acid from r. typhi, r. canada, or any of eight spotted fever ric ...200312860643
mechanisms to create a safe haven by members of the family anaplasmataceae.members of the family anaplasmataceae are obligatory intracellular bacteria with unique host cell specificities. depending on each bacterial species, granulocytes, platelets, endothelial cells, monocytes, macrophages, red blood cells, and cells of invertebrates are specifically infected. this unique host cell specificity has been the major hurdle to overcome in order to cultivate this group of bacteria. because these bacteria cannot survive outside host cells, once released from a host cell, the ...200312860688
studies on salmon poisoning disease of canines. i. the rickettsial relationships and pathogenicity of neorickettsia helmintheca. 195413183093
[severe encephalomeningeal syndrome due to a neorickettsia resistant to antibiotics; spectacular cure by cortisone]. 195513329701
[biological reactions, specific tests permitting the diagnosis of vascular disorders due to rickettsia or elements at their limit (neorickettsia)]. 195713453278
[contribution to the study of the sheep abortion virus: its incidence in human pathology]. 196113691038
[rickettsial and neorickettsial diseases in upper volta. value of microagglutination of rickettsia on slides for use in intertropical zones]. 196013692570
[rickettsial and neorickettsial zoonoses]. 196113705744
[the role of inframicrobes in spontaneous abortion in women]. 196113705747
[the neorickettsias in osteoarticular pathology]. 196113759738
[lung diseases and neorickettsioses]. 196013789118
[the neorickettsioses (giroud and jadin diseases)]. 196013826583
[the hedgehog erinaceus europaeus, reservoir or rickettsia or of neo-rickettsia and even of agents of the ovine abortion group]. 195913828202
[acute articular lesions and reactions to neorickettsial antigens]. 195913828203
[epidemiological study in northern france in human and veterinary pathology of diseases of the ornithosis-psittacosis group, of q fever and of neorickettsioses]. 196013851822
[q fever (derrick's disease) and neorickettsioses in provence]. 196213947434
[rickettsial diseases and multiple sclerosis]. 196213964419
[the rickettsial and neorickettsial etiology of multiple sclerosis confers a primordial importance on the early diagnosis of this disease]. 196314081684
[investigations done on animals, especially cattle, displaying arrested gestation]. 196314087417
[neorickettsia and neorickettsial infections]. 196314091959
[abortions in the course of diseases more or less inapparent caused by rickettsia or neorickettsia]. 196314107086
[apropos of negative microagglutination reactions against rickettsia and neorickettsia in multiple sclerosis]. 196314127359
[rickettsial diseases observed in france]. 196414146421
[fevers transmitted by ticks considered as due to the erlichia group are in reality due to the puerperal boutonneuse group and psittacosis group (neorickettsial) developing on particular hosts]. 196414183161
[the role of rickettsia and neorickettsia in the pathogenesis of remissions of multiple sclerosis]. 196414184766
[results of wide spectrum antibiotic therapy in 30 chronic cases of rickettsial and neorickettsial multiple sclerosis]. 196414184778
[neorickettsial infections in africa]. 196314191061
[biological and morphologic problems concerning epidemic and endemic typhus (comparison with neo-rickettsioses)]. 196414250507
[salmon disease in dogs]. 196514270507
[contribution to the etiopathogenesis of spontaneous abortion in women caused by neoricksettial q 18 infections]. 196514308044
[presence of neorickettsia in the larval tissues of cysticercus bovis at kivu and ruanda-urundi]. 195914406481
[on a possible rickettsial and neo-rickettsial etiology of multiple sclerosis]. 196014414875
[the treatment of multiple sclerosis of rickettsial or neo-rickettsial origin]. 196014414881
[rickettsial and neo-rickettsial diseases in neuropsychiatry]. 196114466526
digenetic trematodes, acanthatrium sp. and lecithodendrium sp., as vectors of neorickettsia risticii, the agent of potomac horse fever.neorickettsia (formerly ehrlichia) risticii, the agent of potomac horse fever (phf), has been recently detected in trematode stages found in the secretions of freshwater snails and in aquatic insects. insectivores, such as bats and birds, may serve as the definitive host of the trematode vector. to determine the definitive helminth vector, five bats (myotis yumanensis) and three swallows (hirundo rustica, tachycineta bicolor) were collected from a phf endemic location in northern california. bat ...200314627451
culture and phenotypic characterization of a wolbachia pipientis isolate.the recent isolation of wolbachia pipientis in the continuous cell line aa23, established from eggs of a strain of the asian tiger mosquito aedes albopictus, allowed us to perform extensive characterization of the isolate. bacterial growth could be obtained in c6/36, another a. albopictus cell line, at 28 degrees c and in a human embryonic lung fibroblast monolayer at 28 and 37 degrees c, confirming that its host cell range is broader than was initially thought. the bacteria were best visualized ...200314662922
infection and blood transfusion: a guide to donor screening.in recent years, blood-component therapy has become more accessible in veterinary practice. as with human medicine, care must be taken to minimize the risk of disease transmission from donor to recipient. determining the appropriate diseases to screen for is complicated by regional variations in disease incidence, the existence of chronic carrier states for some diseases, the difficulty in screening-test selection, and testing cost. the feline diseases considered include retroviral infections, f ...200415179926
analysis of p51, groesl, and the major antigen p51 in various species of neorickettsia, an obligatory intracellular bacterium that infects trematodes and mammals.the p51 gene that encodes the major antigenic 51-kda protein in neorickettsia risticii was identified in strains of neorickettsia sennetsu and the stellantchasmus falcatus agent but not in neorickettsia helminthoeca, suggesting that p51-based diagnosis would be useful to distinguish among them. groesl sequencing results delineated the phylogenic relationships among neorickettsia spp.200415297539
suspected cases of neorickettsia-like organisms in brazilian dogs.preliminary findings of gross and histopathological lesions consistent with salmon poisoning disease in 10 dogs from southern brazil are described. lesions were restricted to the spleen, lymph nodes, and intestinal lymphoid tissues. grossly, there was marked hyperplasia of mesenteric lymph nodes and peyer's patches. microscopic alterations were characterized by diffuse hyperplasia of intestinal lymphoid tissues and peyer's patches. intracytoplasmic organisms consistent with neorickettsia helmint ...200415604473
[ehrlichiosis--a disease rarely recognized in poland].ehrlichioses constitute a group of acute zoonoses caused by the infection with the microorganisms belonging to the genera ehrlichia, anaplasma and neorickettsia (rickettsiaceae). presence of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (hge) caused by infection with anaplasma phagocytophila (a. phagocytophila) and transmitted by ixodes ricinus tick has been confirmed in poland. all the cases described so far were noted in the area of endemic prevalence of lyme borreliosis (north-east of poland). lack of char ...200415765762
prevalence of bartonella species, haemoplasma species, ehrlichia species, anaplasma phagocytophilum, and neorickettsia risticii dna in the blood of cats and their fleas in the united states.ctenocephalides felis were killed and collected from 92 cats in alabama, maryland, and texas. the fleas and blood from the corresponding cat were digested and assessed in polymerase chain reaction assays that amplify dna of ehrlichia species, anaplasma phagocytophilum, neorickettsia risticii, mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus m haemominutum' and bartonella species. dna consistent with b henselae, b clarridgeiae, m haemofelis, or 'candidatus m haemominutum' was commonly amplified from cats (60.9 ...200616290092
prevalence of selected infectious disease agents in cats from arizona.the objective of this study was to use polymerase chain reaction (pcr) assays to determine the prevalence of ehrlichia species, anaplasma phagocytophilum, mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum' and bartonella species from feral and relinquished cats in phoenix and nogales, arizona. dna from one or more of the organisms was amplified from 31 of 112 blood samples (27.7%). dna consistent with bartonella clarridgeiae 15 (13.4%), bartonella henselae 14 (12.5%), 'candidatus m haem ...200616443383
cloning and expression of 51-kda antigenic protein of neorickettsia risticii nr-ja1.neorickettsia (ehrlichia) risticii is a causative agent of acute diarrheal syndrome in horses, commonly known as potomac horse fever. korean isolate of n. risticii nr-ja1 was cultivated in mouse macrophage cell line p388d1. a complete orf of p51 antigenic protein gene was amplified and cloned into pqe32 and pcdna3.1 vectors and the resultant clones were named as pqe32/nr-51 and pcdna3.1/nr-51, respectively. recombinant p51 (rp51) protein antigen was expressed in e. coli (pqe32/nr-51) and cos-7 c ...200516481521
comparative genomics of emerging human ehrlichiosis agents.anaplasma (formerly ehrlichia) phagocytophilum, ehrlichia chaffeensis, and neorickettsia (formerly ehrlichia) sennetsu are intracellular vector-borne pathogens that cause human ehrlichiosis, an emerging infectious disease. we present the complete genome sequences of these organisms along with comparisons to other organisms in the rickettsiales order. ehrlichia spp. and anaplasma spp. display a unique large expansion of immunodominant outer membrane proteins facilitating antigenic variation. all ...200616482227
detection of ehrlichia chaffeensis in brazilian marsh deer (blastocerus dichotomus).ehrlichia chaffeensis was detected for the first time in blood samples from brazilian marsh deers (blastocerus dichotomus) captured in the marshes of parana river in southeast brazil in 1998. seven edta-blood samples from deers were analyzed by pcr and nested pcr for presence of ehrlichia chaffeensis, ehrlichia ewingii, ehrlichia canis, neoriickettsia risticii, anaplasma phagocytophilum and anaplasma marginale. three samples showed positive reactions for e. chaffeensis and anaplasma marginale. n ...200616621285
budget genome. 200616722005
prevalence of mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum', bartonella species, ehrlichia species, and anaplasma phagocytophilum dna in the blood of cats with anemia.hemoplasmas are known causes of anemia in some cats and some bartonella species have been associated with anemia in people and in dogs. in this retrospective study, we used polymerase chain reaction (pcr) assays to determine the prevalence rates of mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus m haemominutum', a phagocytophilum, ehrlichia species, and bartonella species dna in the blood of cats with anemia and a control group of healthy cats. dna of the organisms was amplified from 22 of 89 cats with anemi ...200716846745
prevalence of dna of mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum,' anaplasma phagocytophilum, and species of bartonella, neorickettsia, and ehrlichia in cats used as blood donors in the united states.to identify the prevalence of dna of mycoplasma haemofelis; 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum'; anaplasma phagocytophilum; and species of bartonella, neorickettsia, and ehrlichia in blood of cats used as blood donors in the united states.200616948578
neorickettsia helminthoeca in dog, brazil. 200616972361
new findings on members of the family anaplasmataceae of veterinary importance.members of the family anaplasmataceae are obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria that naturally infect a variety of wild and domestic animal species, the spillover of which may lead to zoonosis. i discuss new findings on members of the family anaplasmataceae of veterinary importance and therefore, i will describe the recent findings on neorickettsia risticii in the trematode and related neorickettsia species. i also will review the recent progress on aegyptianella pullorum and other aegyp ...200617114752
salmon poisoning disease in dogs on southern vancouver island.salmon poisoning disease in dogs has previously been reported in north america only along the western coast of the u.s.a. this paper presents the findings from eight affected dogs recently diagnosed on vancouver island, canada. the clinical signs shown by these dogs were lethargy, anorexia, pyrexia and lymph node enlargement. the causative agent, neorickettsia helminthoeca was observed in macrophages obtained from lymph node aspirates. this organism is transmitted to dogs in cysts of the fluke n ...198417422349
biomedical evaluation of free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs (lemur catta) in three habitats at the beza mahafaly special reserve, madagascar.complete physical examinations and biomedical sample collection were performed on 70 free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs (lemur catta) from three different habitats in the beza mahfaly special reserve (bmsr), in southern madagascar, to assess the impact of humans and habitat on lemur health. lemurs were chemically immobilized with ketamine and diazepam administered via blow darts for concurrent biomedical, morphometric, and behavioral studies. subsets of the animals had blood analyzed for hematology ...200717679503
serological reactivity to ehrlichia canis, anaplasma phagocytophilum, neorickettsia risticii, borrelia burgdorferi and rickettsia conorii in dogs from northwestern spain.the aim of the present work was to investigate the seroprevalence against ehrlichia canis (ec), anaplasma phagocytophilum (ap), neorickettsia risticii (nr), rickettsia conorii (rc), and borrelia burgdorferi (bb) in two different clusters of canine samples from northwestern spain. cluster 1 included 479 dogs presented at veterinary clinics located in ourense and pontevedra. cluster ii included 170 dogs from the public kennel of ourense. all 649 canine serum samples were analyzed by immunofluoresc ...200818597660
neorickettsia helminthoeca in brazilian dogs: a cytopathological, histopathological and immunohistochemical study. 200919374648
analysis of complete genome sequence of neorickettsia risticii: causative agent of potomac horse fever.neorickettsia risticii is an obligate intracellular bacterium of the trematodes and mammals. horses develop potomac horse fever (phf) when they ingest aquatic insects containing encysted n. risticii-infected trematodes. the complete genome sequence of n. risticii illinois consists of a single circular chromosome of 879 977 bp and encodes 38 rna species and 898 proteins. although n. risticii has limited ability to synthesize amino acids and lacks many metabolic pathways, it is capable of making m ...200919661282
wolbachia surface protein (wsp) inhibits apoptosis in human neutrophils.polymorphonuclear cells (pmns) are essential for the innate immune response against invading bacteria. at the same time, modulation of pmns' apoptosis or cell death by bacteria has emerged as a mechanism of pathogenesis. wolbachia bacteria are gram-negative endosymbionts of filarial nematodes and arthropods, phylogenetically related to the genera anaplasma, ehrlichia and neorickettsia (family anaplasmataceae). although several pathogens are known to interfere with apoptosis, there is only limite ...200717241395
[ehrlichiosis/anaplasmosis].ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis are zoonoses caused by bacteria from the family anaplasmataceae, including human and animal pathogens. the human pathogens are ehrlichia chaffeensis, the causative agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis (hme), anaplasma phagocytophilum, the pathogen causing human granulocytic anaplasmosis (hga), e. ewingii and neorickettsia sennetsu, granulocytotropic and monocytotropic ehrlichia species, respectively. ehrlichia spp. are small, gram-negative, obligate intracellular b ...200920077398
salmon poisoning disease in dogs: 29 cases.salmon poisoning disease (spd) is a trematode-borne disease of dogs caused by neorickettsia helminthoeca.201020337917
prevalence of bartonella species, rickettsia felis, haemoplasmas and the ehrlichia group in the blood of cats and fleas in eastern australia.to define the prevalence of bartonella spp., rickettsia felis, mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum' (mhm) and 'candidatus mycoplasma turicensis' (mtc) in cats and their fleas in eastern australia.201020529020
lymph node aspirate from a california wine-country dog.a 4-year-old, male golden retriever was presented to the veterinary medical teaching hospital at the university of california-davis with a history of lethargy, inappetance, and vomiting. the patient had generalized lymphadenomegaly, marked thrombocytopenia, mild anemia, and moderate hypoalbuminemia. moderate to marked histiocytic inflammation and lymphocytic-plasmacytic reactivity of the mesenteric, left popliteal, and right mandibular lymph nodes were diagnosed cytologically. many macrophages c ...200616783722
acute diarrhea in the adult horse: case example and review. 200616627106
detection of anaplasma phagocytophilum in brazilian dogs by real-time polymerase chain reaction.anaplasma phagocytophilum was detected in dogs from brazil in the municipalities of seropédica and itaguaí, rio de janeiro state, by real-time polymerase chain reaction (pcr) using sybr green to detect the amplification. of 253 samples, 18 (7.11%) were positive, with a threshold cycle (ct) ranging from 31 to 35 cycles. the pcr product from a positive sample was cloned and sequenced. the sequence obtained demonstrated 100% identity with other a. phagocytophilum sequences published in the genbank ...201121908321
vector-borne diseases in client-owned and stray cats from madrid, spain.abstract the role of various vector-borne pathogens as a cause of disease in cats has not been clearly determined. the current study evaluated risk factors, clinical and laboratory abnormalities associated with ehrlichia spp., anaplasma spp., neorickettsia spp., leishmania spp., and bartonella spp. infection or exposure in 680 client-owned and stray cats from madrid, spain. our results indicate that a large portion (35.1%) of the cat population of madrid, spain, is exposed to at least one of t ...201122022820
legionella pneumophila secretes a mitochondrial carrier protein during infection.the mitochondrial carrier family (mcf) is a signature group of integral membrane proteins that transport metabolites across the mitochondrial inner membrane in eukaryotes. mcf proteins are characterized by six transmembrane segments that assemble to form a highly-selective channel for metabolite transport. we discovered a novel mcf member, termed legionellanucleotide carrier protein (lncp), encoded in the genome of legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of legionnaire's disease. lncp was se ...201222241989
neorickettsia risticii is vertically transmitted in the trematode acanthatrium oregonense and horizontally transmitted to bats.potomac horse fever is known to be transmitted through the ingestion of caddisflies parasitized with neorickettsia (formerly ehrlichia) risticii-infected metacercaria. however, the species of trematode involved and how n. risticii is maintained in nature are unknown. in this study, gravid trematodes were recovered from the intestines of 12 out of 15 eptesicus fuscus big brown bats and eight out of nine myotis lucifugus little brown bats from various sites in pennsylvania, usa. trematode specimen ...200515658987
ultrastructure and phylogenetic analysis of 'candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis' in the family anaplasmataceae, isolated from wild rats and found in ixodes ovatus ticks.a novel bacterium that infects laboratory rats was isolated from wild rattus norvegicus rats in japan. transmission electron microscopy of the spleen tissue revealed small cocci surrounded by an inner membrane and a thin, rippled outer membrane in a membrane-bound inclusion within the cytoplasm of endothelial cells. phylogenetic analysis of the 16s rrna gene sequence of the bacterium found in r. norvegicus rats and ixodes ovatus ticks in japan revealed that the organism represents a novel clade ...200415388752
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