serological evidence of infection of tacaribe virus and arboviruses in trinidadian bats.sera from 39 species of bats collected in trinidad between 1972 and 1974 were tested against some or all of 18 arboviruses in hemagglutination inhibition (hi) and/or suckling mouse neutralization (n) tests. a few sera were hi-positive with mucambo, eastern equine encephalitis (eee), oriboca, restan, manzanilla, guama, bimiti, and catu. no sera were hi-positive with mayaro, caraparu or maguari. many ser inhibited one or more of the group b hemagglutinins: ilheus, st. louis encephalitis (sle), den ...1978204207
wangiella dermatitidis isolated from bats in manaus brazil.wangiella dermatitidis was isolated for the first time from the macroscopically asymptomatic internal organs of 2 phyllostomus discolor, 1 molossus molossus, 1 sturnira lilium and 1 myotis albescens among bats captured in the region of manaus, brazil. the dermatiaceous fungi isolated exhibited polymorphism at 25 and 37 degrees c, showing toruloid hyphae, integrated and terminal phialides without collarettes and yeast-like cells. the fungi did not hydrolyze gelatin, casein or starch. some ecologi ...1979531715
spinturnicid mites (gamasida: spinturnicidae) associated with bats in central brazil.the results of a survey of spinturnicid mites (gamasida: spinturnicidae) infesting bats near brasília, d.f., brazil, are presented. one hundred twenty-five bats were collected, representing three families and 15 species. seven species of spinturnicid mites (genus periglischrus) were collected from nine species of bats (family phyllostomidae). each of the following six species of periglischrus was associated with a single species of bat: periglischrus acutisternus machado-allison and p. torrealba ...19892795621
batflies parasitic on some phyllostomid bats in southeastern brazil: parasitism rates and host-parasite relationships.ectoparasitic batflies were studied on 12 species of phyllostomid bats, by making 35 nightly collections of bats using mist nets at the "panga" ecological reservation near uberlândia, state of minas gerais, southeastern brazil, from august 1989 to july 1990. eleven species of streblidae and one of nycteribiidae were collected on 12 species of bats. prevalence of ectoparasitic flies was lower than those reported by other authors for the new world and may be the result of the lack of caves in the ...199910224519
trichobius joblingi, aspidoptera falcata, and megistopoda proxima (diptera : streblidae) parasitic on carollia perspicallata and sturnia lillium (chiroptera : phyllostomidae) in southeastern brazil: sex ratios, seasonality, host site preference, and effect of parasitism on the host.this note examines the effect of parasitism on host size, the preference of the parasite for a specific host body area, and the seasonal abundance for the 3 most abundant bat flies (i.e., trichobius joblingi wenzel, a parasite of the bat carollia perspicillata [linnaeus], and aspidoptera falcata wenzel and megistopoda proxima [séguy], parasites on sturnira lilium [geoffroy]). trichobius joblingi and a. falcata are moderately dorsoventrally flattened and were collected on the wing membranes of th ...200010701585
dyssochroma viridiflorum (solanaceae): a reproductively bat-dependent epiphyte from the atlantic rainforest in brazil.few neotropical plant species seem to depend on the same animal type both for pollination and seed dispersal, and the known instances refer mostly to birds as the agents in these two phases of a plant reproductive cycle. dyssochroma viridiflorum (solanaceae), an epiphyte endemic to the atlantic rainforest in south-eastern brazil, was found to be visited by phyllostomid bats for nectar as well as for fruits, with the pollination and seed dispersal of the plant ensured by these flying mammals. the ...200314500325
attraction of the fruit-eating bat carollia perspicillata to piper gaudichaudianum essential oil.we performed field tests using mimetic piper fruits with and without essential oil extracted through hydrodistillation from piper gaudichaudianum ripe fruits in order to evaluate the role of odor in carollia perspicillata attraction and capture in mist-nets. during the field tests, 26 c. perspicillata were captured, 21 (80.7%) in nets with the essential oil of p. gaudichaudianum and five (19.3%) in nets without oil. other bat species, artibeus spp. (67), which is specialized on fruits of moracea ...200314682519
alopecia in bats from tabasco, mexico.we report alopecic syndrome (hair loss in areas of the body, including chest, abdomen, and back) in four frugivorous bat species (artibeus jamaicensis, artibeus lituratus, sturnira lilium, and sturnira ludovici) within urban and periurban areas of villahermosa, tabasco, méxico, during 2007 and 2008. the overall prevalence of alopecic syndrome was 5.25% (135/2,567 bats). the highest prevalence was found in a. lituratus (5.6%; 62/1,105), followed by a. jamaicensis (5%; 3/1,462). we found a higher ...201020688713
rabies diagnosis and serology in bats from the state of são paulo, brazil.bats are one of the most important reservoirs and vectors of the rabies virus in the world.201121468481
time and seasonal patterns of activity of phyllostomid in fragments of a stational semidecidual forest from the upper paraná river, southern brazil.bats may exhibit different patterns of activity, considering aspects concerning niche dynamics as well as the establishment and permanence of the communities in the ecosystems. in this way, the present study analyzed the time and seasonal patterns of activity in different species of frequent phyllostomid bats in remnants of the stational semidecidual forest from the upper paraná river, southern brazil. captures were performed between january and december, 2006, using 32 mist nets set above the s ...201021180897
[ectoparasitic flies (diptera: streblidae) of bats (mammalia: chiroptera) from são luís, maranhão, brazil: infestation rates and the host-parasite association].this study reports the first records of the parasitism rates of the association among ectoparasitic flies of the family streblidae found in phyllostomid bats in the state of maranhão. specimens were collected in patches of secondary forest and borders of mangrove in the village of quebra pote, located in the south portion of the island of são luís. a total of 201 flies of 15 species and eight genera [aspidoptera falcata wenzel, a. phyllostomatis (perty), mastoptera minuta costa lima, megistopoda ...200919943006
species richness and abundance of bats in fragments of the stational semidecidual forest, upper paraná river, southern brazil.the upper paraná river floodplain is inserted in a region of the mata atlântica biome, which is a critical area to preserve. due to the scarcity of researches about the chiropterofauna in this region, the present study investigated species richness and abundance of bats in remnants from the stational semidecidual forest of the upper paraná river, southern brazil. samplings were taken every month, from january to december 2006, using 32 mist nets with 8.0 x 2.5 m, resulting in 640 m2/h and totali ...200919738978
gonadal morphogenesis and establishment of the germline in the phyllostomid bat sturnira vertebrates such as the mouse and the human, primordial germ cells (pgcs) arise at the base of the allantois and are carried to the epithelium of the posterior intestine, to later migrate to the primordial gonads. in the case of bats, almost nothing is known about this process. to clarify the dynamics of pgcs during gonadal morphogenesis in the phyllostomid bat sturnira lilium, the proteins for the ddx4, sox9 and mis genes were detected in the gonads of embryos at different stages of developm ...201728823522
mites (mesostigmata: spinturnicidae and spelaeorhynchidae) associated with bats in northeast this article, we present the results of a study about mites associated with bats collected in the state of pernambuco, northeast brazil. of the 331 bats collected, 23 were found naturally infested by mites, corresponding to an overall prevalence of 6.9% (95% confidence interval: 4.5-10.2). four mite species were collected from seven bat species. the following mite-bat associations were recorded: periglischrus acutisternus machado-allison on phyllostomus discolor wagner; periglischrus ojastii ...200919496446
evolutionary studies on an alpha-amylase gene segment in bats and other mammals.comparative studies of salivary glands showed that they maybe related to the adaptive radiation of bats, especially in the family phylostomidae. in this study we have been searching for a likely relationship between different feeding habits found in bats and possible adaptive changes in a coding segment of the alpha-amylase enzyme. we have also tested some hypothesis about the phylogenetic relationship of bats and other mammals. a 663 bp segment of the alpha-amylase gene, corresponding to the ex ...200616502096
bat flies (diptera: streblidae, nycteribiidae) parasitic on bats (mammalia: chiroptera) at parque estadual da cantareira, são paulo, brazil: parasitism rates and host-parasite associations.a total of 443 bat flies belonging to the families nycteribiidae and strelidae, were collected on 22 species of bats (molossidae, phyllostomidae, and vespertilionidae) from parque estadual da cantareira (são paulo, brazil), between january, 2000 and january, 2001. eighteen new occurrences of bat flies were recorded on anoura geoffroyi (anastrebla caudiferae), glossophaga soricina (a. caudiferae), sturnira lilium (trichobius phyllostomae, t. furmani, and paraeuctenodes similis), artibeus lituratu ...200515867959
the comparative phylogeography of neotropical mammals: patterns of intraspecific mitochondrial dna variation among bats contrasted to nonvolant small mammals.the major aim of this study was to compare the phylogeographic patterns of codistributed bats and small nonvolant neotropical mammals. cytochrome b sequences (mitochondrial dna) were obtained for a total of 275 bats representing 17 species. the tissue samples were collected in coastal brazil, and were available from mexico and the guyana. the study concentrates on four species (artibeus lituratus, carollia perspicillata, sturnira lilium and glossophaga soricina) which were well represented. the ...200010972770
intestinal disaccharidases in five species of phyllostomoid bats.1. intestinal disaccharidases were studied in nectarivorous (leptonycteris curasoae and glossophaga soricina), frugivorous (artibeus jamaicensis and sturnira lilium), and insectivorous (pteronotus personatus) adult bats. 2. adult bats lacked measurable lactase activity. with the exception of trehalase activity, which was present only in p. personatus, nectar- and fruit-eating bats exhibited higher disaccharidase activities standardized by intestinal nominal area than insect-eating p. personatus. ...19921451428
study of types of some species of "filaria" (nematoda) parasites of small mammals described by von linstow and molin.parasitic nematodes from the berlin (zmb) and vienna (nmw) museum collections referred to the genus filaria mueller, 1787 by von linstow or molin were studied. three samples were in good condition and the specimens redescribed. litomosa hepatica (von linstow, 1897) n. comb., sample zmb vermes entozoa 3368, from the megachiropteran pteropus neohibernicus, bismarck archipelago, resembles l. maki tibayrenc, bain & ramanchandran, 1979, from pteropus vampyrus, in malaysia, but the buccal capsule diff ...201121678791
tropical secondary forest management influences frugivorous bat composition, abundance and fruit consumption in chiapas, mexico.most studies on frugivorous bat assemblages in secondary forests have concentrated on differences among successional stages, and have disregarded the effect of forest management. secondary forest management practices alter the vegetation structure and fruit availability, important factors associated with differences in frugivorous bat assemblage structure, and fruit consumption and can therefore modify forest succession. our objective was to elucidate factors (forest structural variables and fru ...201324147029
nutritional content of bat-consumed fruits in a forest fragment in southern brazil.the state park mata dos godoy has 42 identified bat species, among which 21 are frugivorous and belong to the phyllostomidae family. current study investigated the concentrations of carbohydrate, lipid and protein in fruits consumed by artibeus lituratus, carollia perspicillata and sturnira lilium to understand their potential differentiated food preferences. the sampling effort it was from april/2013 to march/2014. animals captured in mist nets were identified in the field and maintained in cot ...201627533724
drinking and flying: does alcohol consumption affect the flight and echolocation performance of phyllostomid bats?in the wild, frugivorous and nectarivorous bats often eat fermenting fruits and nectar, and thus may consume levels of ethanol that could induce inebriation. to understand if consumption of ethanol by bats alters their access to food and general survival requires examination of behavioural responses to its ingestion, as well as assessment of interspecific variation in those responses. we predicted that bats fed ethanol would show impaired flight and echolocation behaviour compared to bats fed co ...201020126552
identification of cortical germ cells in adult ovaries from three phyllostomid bats: artibeus jamaicensis, glossophaga soricina and sturnira is generally considered that, in mammals, the ovary is endowed with a finite number of oocytes at the time of birth. however, studies concerning rodents, lemurs and humans suggest the existence of stem cells from the germline that may be involved in germ-cell renewal, maintaining postnatal follicle development. this type of work on wild species is scarce; therefore the objective of this study was to determine ovarian morphology and the presence of progenitor cells from the germline of three s ...201322953782
characterization of gametes in two phyllostomid bat species: artibeus jamaicensis and sturnira lilium.morphology of gametes is used to understand the physiological processes in reproduction among domestic and wild animals. these gametes are used in assisted reproductive technology (art) and conservation programs. in the case of artibeus jamaicensis and sturnira lilium, few studies have been conducted related to these issues. the aim of this study was to describe the structure of spermatozoa, semen characteristics and also the morphology and quality of cumulus oocyte complexes (coc) of a. jamaice ...201424576400
high paracellular nutrient absorption in intact bats is associated with high paracellular permeability in perfused intestinal segments.water-soluble nutrients are absorbed by the small intestine via transcellular and paracellular mechanisms. based on a few previous studies, the capacity for paracellular nutrient absorption seems greater in flying mammals than in nonflying mammals, but there has been little investigation of the mechanisms driving this difference. therefore, we studied three species each of bats (artibeus lituratus, sturnira lilium and carollia perspicillata) and nonflying mammals (akodon montensis, mus musculus ...201425104759
landscape ecology of trypanosoma cruzi in the southern yucatan peninsula.landscape interactions of trypanosoma cruzi (tc) with triatoma dimidiata (td) depend on the presence and relative abundance of mammal hosts. this study analyzed a landscape adjacent to the calakmul biosphere reserve, composed of conserved areas, crop and farming areas, and the human community of zoh laguna with reported chagas disease cases. sylvatic mammals of the chiroptera, rodentia, and marsupialia orders were captured, and livestock and pets were sampled along with t. dimidiata in all habit ...201526219998
structural and functional characterization of neuraminidase-like molecule n10 derived from bat influenza a virus.the recent discovery of the unique genome of influenza virus h17n10 in bats raises considerable doubt about the origin and evolution of influenza a viruses. it also identifies a neuraminidase (na)-like protein, n10, that is highly divergent from the nine other well-established serotypes of influenza a na (n1-n9). the structural elucidation and functional characterization of influenza nas have illustrated the complexity of na structures, thus raising a key question as to whether n10 has a special ...201223012237
crystal structures of two subtype n10 neuraminidase-like proteins from bat influenza a viruses reveal a diverged putative active site.recently, we reported a unique influenza a virus subtype h17n10 from little yellow-shouldered bats. its neuraminidase (na) gene encodes a protein that appears to be highly divergent from all known influenza nas and was assigned as a new subtype n10. to provide structural and functional insights on the bat h17n10 virus, x-ray structures were determined for n10 na proteins from influenza a viruses a/little yellow-shouldered bat/guatemala/164/2009 (gu09-164) in two crystal forms at 1.95 å and 2.5 å ...201223012478
bat flies on phyllostomid hosts in the cerrado region: component community, prevalence and intensity of parasitism.streblidae flies are specialised parasites of bat hosts, mainly phyllostomids. there is a high richness of streblids in the savannah-like cerrado region; however, there is little quantitative data available in parasitological indices. here, we describe the component community, prevalence and intensity of a streblid infestation on a phyllostomid bat assemblage in serra da bodoquena, a cerrado region in southwest brazil. we conducted surveys by capturing and inspecting bat hosts during the seven-m ...201121655813
rapid development and screening of microsatellite loci for artibeus lituratus and their utility for six related species within phyllostomidae.microsatellites are often the marker of choice for population genetic studies at intermediate spatial and temporal scales. developing large numbers of markers has traditionally been technically difficult, and this has limited our ability to investigate evolutionary phenomena that emerge across short temporal scales. moreover, few markers tend to successfully amplify across species boundaries. as rapid advancements in high-throughput sequencing make microsatellite development cost- and time-effec ...201121592315
bat-species richness in the pantanal floodplain and its surrounding uplands.we studied the bat fauna of the pantanal floodplain and its surrounding plateaus in mato grosso do sul, brazil, based on the scientific collection at universidade anhanguera-uniderp and on the projeto morcegos do pantanal data bank at ufms, comprising 9,037 captures of 56 species recorded from 1994 to 2007. the pantanal surveys were carried out in the nhecolândia, aquidauana, miranda, and paraguai sub-regions; the uplands surveys took place in the maracaju, bodoquena, and urucum formations. bat ...201121537604
a new species of eudusbabekia (acari: prostigmata: myobiidae) from hart's little fruit bat, enchistenes hartii (chiroptera: phyllostomidae), in southern mexico.eudusbabekia paralepidoseta new species, was recorded on the hart's little fruit bat enchistenes hartii (thomas) in the southern part of mexico. the female and male are described and illustrated. e. paralepidoseta n. sp. represents the 32nd species in the genus. from the 31 known species of eudusbabekia known to infest phyllostomid and mormoopid bats, e. paralepidoseta n. sp. has some morphological features similar to eudusbabekia lepidoseta jameson, 1971, including shapes of almost all dorsal a ...201121485348
bats (mammalia: chiroptera) in native and reforested areas in rancho alegre, paraná, brazil.abstract: generally, natural environments have been transformed into small forest remnants, with the consequent habitat loss and species extinction. the north paraná state is not an exception, since only 2 to 4% of the original ecosystem occurs in small fragments of stational semidecidual forest. we studied the species richness and abundance of bats in two forest fragments from the fazenda congonhas, in rancho alegre city, parana state, brazil. four samplings were undertaken in a legally protect ...201021246993
atlantic bats: a dataset of bat communities from the atlantic forests of south america.bats are the second most diverse mammal order and they provide vital ecosystem functions (e.g., pollination, seed dispersal, and nutrient flux in caves) and services (e.g., crop pest suppression). bats are also important vectors of infectious diseases, harboring more than 100 different virus types. in the present study, we compiled information on bat communities from the atlantic forests of south america, a species-rich biome that are highly threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. atlantic ...201728875505
sources of assimilated protein in five species of new world frugivorous bats.fruits are n-poor items and their availability in the tropics varies throughout the year. field and experimental studies debate whether frugivorous bats have to switch to n-rich sources of food during part of the year or if they are able to subsist on a fruit-only diet. different strategies to meet their n requirements may influence the way in which frugivorous bats partition food resources allowing the coexistence of numerous species in tropical communities. we examined the extent to which five ...200228466224
emended description of litomosoides molossi (nematoda: onchocercidae) and first records of litomosoides species parasitizing argentinean bats.:  during a long-term study on biodiversity of bats in the yungas and entre ríos provinces, 1,304 specimens of bats included in the families noctilionidae, phyllostomidae, vespertilionidae, and molossidae were collected and checked for filarioids. litomosoides molossi esslinger, 1973 was recovered from the thoracic and abdominal cavities of molossus molossus (prevalence [p] = 6.4%); litomosoides chandleri esslinger, 1973 from artibeus planirostris (p = 6.9%), sturnira oporaphilum (p = 66.6%), st ...201627098753
using data mining and network analysis to infer arboviral dynamics: the case of mosquito-borne flaviviruses reported in mexico.given the significant impact of mosquito-borne flaviviruses (mbfvs) on both human and animal health, predicting their dynamics and understanding their transmission cycle is of the utmost importance. usually, predictions about the distribution of priority pathogens, such as dengue, yellow fever, west nile virus and st. louis encephalitis, relate abiotic elements to simple biotic components, such as a single causal agent. furthermore, focusing on single pathogens neglects the possibility of intera ...202133946977
facultative hypothermia as a thermoregulatory strategy in the phyllostomid bats, carollia perspicillata and sturnira lilium.the present study questions whether hypothermia is an artifact due to captivity-induced stress or a thermoregulatory strategy for bats of the neotropical family phyllostomidae. in guanacaste, costa rica, carollia perspicillata and sturnira lilium exhibited a bimodal distribution of body temperatures when submitted to an ambient temperature of 21 degrees c. body temperature was highly correlated with body mass in both species. c. perspicillata of mass > or = 20 g and s. lilium of mass > or = 17 g ...19979120068
reproductive biology of the bat sturnira lilium (chiroptera, phyllostomidae) in the atlantic forest of rio de janeiro, southeastern brazil.bats can be monoestrous or polyestrous, and seasonal or non-seasonal in their reproductive patterns. the strategy adopted by each species or population depends on the regional climate. the objective this study was to analyze reproductive data of sturnira lilium from long-term sampling carried out in several sites in rio de janeiro states, southeastern brazil. we carried out sampling in 42 sites (with altitudes ranging from sea level to 1300 m a.s.l.) from may 1989 to december 2011. in total, we ...201425627603
evaluation of the cell population of the seminiferous epithelium and spermatic indexes of the bat sturnira lilium (chiroptera: phyllostomidae).due to the scarcity of information about patterns of spermatogenesis in bats, this study aimed to provide information on the testicular activity of the bat sturnira lilium along the annual seasons. thus, a series of morphometrical and stereological analyses were made using the testes of adult s. lilium in order to achieve a better understanding of the sperm production dynamics. light and transmission electron microscopy analyses were performed in testicular fragments of animals captured during d ...201425003782
histomorphometric characterization of the intertubular compartment in the testes of the bat sturnira lilium.due to the scarcity of information about the reproduction of bats, it is necessary to perform studies on different species to identify the occurrence of annual variations in their reproductive process. therefore, the aims of this study were to describe and quantify the intertubular components within the testes of the bat sturnira lilium and to verify whether seasonality takes place in spermatogenesis of this species. the animals were collected in different seasons and time of collection was grou ...201424793584
correction: sexual dimorphism in sturnira lilium (chiroptera, phyllostomidae): can pregnancy and pup carrying be responsible for differences in wing shape?[this corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].201323840290
correction: sexual dimorphism in sturnira lilium (chiroptera, phyllostomidae): can pregnancy and pup carrying be responsible for differences in wing shape?[this corrects the article on p. e49734 in vol. 7.].201323823007
stages and duration of the seminiferous epithelium cycle in the bat sturnira lilium.knowledge of the stages that compose the seminiferous epithelium cycle (sec) and determination of the duration of spermatogenic processes are fundamental for the accurate quantification of the dynamics of spermatogenesis. the aim of this study was to characterize the stages that compose the sec of the bat sturnira lilium, including evaluation of the average frequency of each of these stages throughout the year and calculation of the duration of the spermatogenic process. an ultrastructural chara ...201323305159
hemagglutinin homologue from h17n10 bat influenza virus exhibits divergent receptor-binding and ph-dependent fusion activities.bat influenza virus h17n10 represents a distinct lineage of influenza a viruses with gene segments coding for proteins that are homologs of the surface antigens, hemagglutinin (ha) and neuraminidase (na). our recent study of the n10 na homolog revealed an na-like structure, but with a highly divergent putative active site exhibiting little or no na activity, and provided strong motivation for performing equivalent structural and functional analyses of the h17 ha protein. the overall structure of ...201323297216
sexual dimorphism in sturnira lilium (chiroptera, phyllostomidae): can pregnancy and pup carrying be responsible for differences in wing shape?competition is one of the most cited mechanisms to explain secondary sexual dimorphism in animals. nonetheless, it has been proposed that sexual dimorphism in bat wings is also a result of adaptive pressures to compensate additional weight caused by fetus or pup carrying during the reproductive period of females. the main objective of this study is to verify the existence of sexual dimorphism in sturnira lilium wings. we employed geometric morphometrics techniques using anatomical landmarks supe ...201223166759
a comparative immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the digestive tract of two frugivorous bats: artibeus cinerius and sturnira lilium.the purpose of the present study was to examine the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-ht), gastrin (gas), cholecystokinin (cck) and glucagon (gluc) endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract of frugivorous phillostomidae bats, sturnira lilium and artibeus cinerius, to clarify the correlation between distribution of cell types and their relative frequency, with feeding habits. five portions of the gastrointestinal tract--fundus, pilorus, and three parts of the intestine, i, ii and iii--were ex ...200818068220
serological evidence of arenavirus circulation among fruit bats in trinidad.tacaribe virus (tcrv) was isolated in the 1950s from artibeus bats captured on the island of trinidad. the initial characterization of tcrv suggested that artibeus bats were natural reservoir hosts. however, nearly 60 years later experimental infections of jamaican fruit bats (artibeus jamaicensis) resulted in fatal disease or clearance, suggesting artibeus bats may not be a reservoir host. to further evaluate the tcrv reservoir host status of artibeus bats, we captured bats of six species in tr ...201728953976
specific mutations in the pb2 protein of influenza a virus compensate for the lack of efficient interferon antagonism of the ns1 protein of bat influenza a-like viruses.recently, two new influenza a-like viruses have been discovered in bats, a/little yellow-shouldered bat/guatemala/060/2010 (hl17nl10) and a/flat-faced bat/peru/033/2010 (hl18nl11). the hemagglutinin (ha)-like (hl) and neuraminidase (na)-like (nl) proteins of these viruses lack hemagglutination and neuraminidase activities, despite their sequence and structural homologies with the ha and na proteins of conventional influenza a viruses. we have now investigated whether the ns1 proteins of the hl17 ...201829321309
pulmonary oxidative stress in wild bats exposed to coal dust: a model to evaluate the impact of coal mining on health.this study aimed to verify possible alterations involving histological and oxidative stress parameters in the lungs of wild bats in the carboniferous basin of santa catarina (cbsc) state, southern brazil, as a means to evaluate the impact of coal dust on the health of wildlife. specimens of frugivorous bat species artibeus lituratus and sturnira lilium were collected from an area free of coal dust contamination and from coal mining areas. chemical composition, histological parameters, synthesis ...202031978763
evaluation of reproductive parameters in male neotropical bats during dry and rainy months in a specific area of the cerrado biome.the aim of this study was to analyse the reproductive aspects of male bats of three common species of the phyllostomidae family: artibeus lituratus, platyrrhinus lineatus and sturnira lilium, during dry and rainy months in a specific area of the cerrado biome. body weight was significantly higher during the dry months for s. lilium. the gonadosomatic index (gsi) and testicular weight were not significantly different between dry and rainy periods. the tubular parameters were significantly bigger ...202031943300
habitat amount partially affects physiological condition and stress level in neotropical fruit-eating bats.hematological measures are increasingly being used to analyse the impact of several stressors on the physiological condition of animals. landscape degradation and habitat loss impacts terrestrial and volant mammals occurrence, however rarely the effects of these factors on physiological conditions and stress levels were analyzed. here, we measured several hematological parameters to analyse the impacts of habitat amount on the physiological condition (body condition and health status) and stress ...201931400499
isolation and characterization of trypanosomatids, including crithidia mellificae, in bats from the atlantic forest of rio de janeiro, brazil.we studied infection by trypanosomatidae in bats captured in two areas with different degradation levels in the atlantic forest of rio de janeiro state: reserva ecológica de guapiaçu (regua) and estação fiocruz mata atlântica (efma). furthermore, we evaluated whether the diversity of trypanosomatids changes according to bat diversity and the different levels of preservation in the region. the results showed no influence of the level of preservation on bat species richness (15 and 14 species, res ...201931291252
detection of adenovirus, papillomavirus and parvovirus in brazilian bats of the species artibeus lituratus and sturnira lilium.bats play a significant role in maintaining their ecosystems through pollination, dispersal of seeds, and control of insect populations, but they are also known to host many microorganisms and have been described as natural reservoirs for viruses with zoonotic potential. the diversity of viruses in these animals remains largely unknown, however, because studies are limited by species, location, virus target, or sample type. therefore, the aim of this study was to detect fragments of viral genome ...201930740637
molecular detection of bartonella spp. and rickettsia spp. in bat ectoparasites in brazil.the family streblidae comprises a monophyletic group of hippoboscoidea, hematophagous dipterans that parasitize bats. bartonella spp. and rickettsia spp. have been reported in bats sampled in europe, africa, asia, north, central and south america. however, there are few reports on the bartonella and rickettsia bacteria infecting hippoboscoidea flies and mites. while spinturnicidae mites are ectoparasites found only in bats, those belonging to the family macronyssidae comprise mites that also par ...201829870549
interactions between frugivorous bats (chiroptera: phyllostomidae) and piper tuberculatum (piperaceae) in a tropical dry forest in valle del cauca, any ecosystem, fruits are resources that vary in time and space as well as in nutritional content.coexistence of species from a trophic guild depends on the division and use of resources. therefore, the organismsthat depend on them as a food source, tend to show a certain degree of specialization. this way, understandingthe factors that influence the dynamics of seed dispersal is important for the regeneration and conservationof tropical ecosystems. our aim was to determine variation in consu ...201629451764
individual specialization in the use of space by frugivorous bats.natural populations are not homogenous systems but sets of individuals that occupy subsets of the species' niche. this phenomenon is known as individual specialization. recently, several studies found evidence of individual specialization in animal diets. diet is a critical dimension of a species' niche that affects several other dimensions, including space use, which has been poorly studied under the light of individual specialization. in this study, which harnesses the framework of the movemen ...202032895967
oxidative state of the frugivorous bat sturnira lilium (chiroptera: phyllostomidae) in agricultural and urban areas of southern brazil.exposure to contaminants is one of the main threats to all living organisms. in this context, bats have been used to indicate environmental contaminants in urban and agricultural environments, since they are extremely sensitive to changes in the ecosystem and easily accumulate waste in their body tissues. among bats, sturnira lilium, is a frugivorous species widely distributed and abundant in brazil that uses an extensive variety of habitats and shelters. in this study, we aimed to evaluate the ...202032524408
molecular and cellular evidence of natural venezuelan equine encephalitis virus infection in frugivorous bats in colombia.venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (veev) is an alphavirus that causes encephalitis with a high impact on public health in latin america. however, only in guatemala, trinidad and tobago, and mexico have found antibodies in veev in bats, using immunohistochemistry, the sensitivity and specificity are improved; thus, it is better for demonstrating natural infection in bats as potential hosts. this study aimed to determine the presence of veev in tissues of frugivorous bats.202032367955
characterization of experimental oro-nasal inoculation of seba's short-tailed bats (carollia perspicillata) with bat influenza a virus 2012 and 2013, the genomic sequences of two novel influenza a virus (iav) subtypes, designated h17n10 and h18n11, were identified via next-generation sequencing in the feces of the little yellow-shouldered fruit bat (sturnira lilium) and the flat-faced fruit-eating bat (artibeus planirostris), respectively. the pathogenesis caused by these viruses in their respective host species is currently insufficiently understood, which is primarily due to the inability to obtain and keep these bat speci ...202032093076
eco-epidemiology of the venezuelan equine encephalitis virus in bats of córdoba and sucre, colombia.alphavirus infection associated encephalitis is an emerging infectious disease with a high impact on public health in latin america.201930578748
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