effect of elevated tropospheric ozone on the structure of bacterial communities inhabiting the rhizosphere of herbaceous plants native to germany.current elevated concentrations of ozone in the atmosphere, as they are observed during summer seasons, can cause severe effects on plant vegetation. this study was initiated to analyze whether ozone-stressed plants also transfer signals below ground and thereby alter the bacterial community composition in their rhizospheres. herbaceous plants, native to germany, with tolerance (anthoxanthum odoratum, achillea millefolium, poa pratensis, rumex acetosa, and veronica chamaedrys) and sensitivity (m ...200516332747
solid-phase microextraction of volatile components from natural grassland plants.the volatile components from nine plants growing on natural grasslands in auvergne, central france, selected for the broad qualitative and quantitative diversity of their terpenoid fractions, were analyzed by high-resolution gas-phase chromatography and mass spectrometry (hrgc-ms) after static headspace solid-phase microextraction (shs-spme). shs-spme allowed all the plant material to be analyzed under the same conditions despite its wide-ranging composition. this is not always possible with oth ...200111170578
in vitro antimicrobial activity of extracts of four achillea species: the composition of achillea clavennae l. (asteraceae) extract.the extracts of aerial parts of achillea clavennae, achillea holosericea, achillea lingulata and achillea millefolium (hexane:ether:methanol=1:1:1) have been tested for antimicrobial activity in a disk diffusion assay against five bacteria (staphylococcus aureus, escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, pseudomonas aeruginosa and salmonella enteritidis) and two fungi (aspergillus niger and candida albicans). extracts of all four species possessed a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity agains ...200515978758
the protective effects of achillea l. species native in turkey against h(2)o(2)-induced oxidative damage in human erythrocytes and leucocytes.the aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of infusions prepared from 15 achillea (asteraceae) species against h(2)o(2)-induced oxidative damage in human erythrocytes and leucocytes used in traditional turkish medicine. cat, sod and gpx activities, effects of lpo and gsh levels of the infusions on erythrocytes and leucocytes were assessed. the results indicated that all infusions of achillea species were effective on antioxidant enzyme systems of erythrocytes and leuc ...200516118043
growth and nutritive quality of poa pratensis as influenced by ozone and competition.interspecific plant competition has been hypothesized to alter effects of early-season ozone (o3) stress. a phytometer-based approach was utilized to investigate o3 effects on growth and nutritive quality of poa pratensis grown in monoculture and in mixed cultures with four competitor-plant species (anthoxanthum odoratum, achillea millefolium, rumex acetosa and veronica chamaedrys). mesocosms were exposed during april/may 2000-2002 to charcoal-filtered air+25 ppb o3 (control) or non-filtered air ...200616290915
alpha-peroxyachifolid and other new sensitizing sesquiterpene lactones from yarrow (achillea millefolium l., compositae).yarrow, achillea millefolium l., is one of the commonest weeds of the compositae family. cases of allergic contact dermatitis have been described since 1899. although 10 sesquiterpene lactones (sl) and 3 polyines have previously been identified, the sensitizers of yarrow have escaped detection. a reinvestigation of short ether extracts of yarrow revealed the presence of 5 unsaturated hitherto unknown guaianolides of peroxide character. the main sl, identified as a strong sensitizer in guinea pig ...19911868717
prehibernation diet and reproductive condition of female anopheles messeae in sweden.1. blood and sugar feeding in the mosquito anopheles messeae falleroni were investigated near uppsala, sweden, from 1981 to 1985, with emphasis on prehibernation diet. 2. fructose, indicating plant feeding, was present in females of all ovarian stages, from april to october, and contributed to fat body development in non-gonoactive females before hibernation. 3. an.messeae males and females (inseminated and uninseminated) were observed feeding on floral nectaries of the plants achillea millefoli ...19911768915
repelling properties of some plant materials on the tick ixodes ricinus l.the repellent effects on nymphal stages of ixodes ricinus l. of some plant materials have been studied in the laboratory. the plant material consisted of an ethanolic extract from achillea millefolium l., and volatile oils of birch and/or pine tar, citronella, cloves, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, lily of the valley and peppermint. the most pronounced effects were observed for the oils of citronella, cloves and lily of the valley. they possessed repelling activities of the same magnitude as th ...200616360943
physiological and biochemical stress responses in grassland species are influenced by both early-season ozone exposure and interspecific competition.the effects of two-year early season ozone exposure on physiological and biochemical stress response were investigated in model plant communities. achillea millefolium and veronica chamaedrys target plants were grown in monocultures and in mixed cultures with poa pratensis (phytometer) and exposed in open-top chambers over two years for five weeks to charcoal-filtered (cf) air plus 25 nl l(-1) o3 (control) and non-filtered (nf) air plus 50 nl l(-1) o3. significant o3 effects were detected in dif ...200616321463
in vitro susceptibility of helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders.the gram-negative bacterium helicobacter pylori (hp), identified in 1982, is now recognized as the primary etiological factor associated with the development of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. in addition, hp infections are also associated with chronic gastritis, gastric carcinoma and primary gastric b-cell lymphoma. for centuries, herbals have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide range of ailments, including gastrointestinal (gi) disorders such as dyspepsia, gastritis and pepti ...200516317658
choleretic effects of yarrow (achillea millefolium s.l.) in the isolated perfused rat liver.different species from the achillea millefolium aggregate are used against gastrointestinal and hepato-biliary disorders in traditional european medicine. in this work, a fraction enriched in dicaffeoylquinic acids (dccas) and luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronide was investigated on its choleretic effect in the isolated perfused rat liver (iprl) compared to cynarin (1,3-dcca), the main choleretic compound of cynara scolymus l. a fraction containing 3,4-, 3,5- and 4,5-dcca and luteolin-7-o-beta-d-gluc ...200616303291
the flavonoid casticin has multiple mechanisms of tumor cytotoxicity action.we studied the mechanism of anti-tumor activity of the flavonoid casticin, derived from achillea millefolium. casticin anti-tumor activity results in cell growth arrest in g2/m and in apoptotic death. as a tubulin-binding agent (tba), casticin induces p21, which in turn inhibits cdk1. moreover, casticin appears to down regulate cyclin a. these observations could explain casticin-induced g2/m arrest. following casticin exposure, bcl-2 depletion occurs in cancer cells, and a sub-g1 accumulation oc ...200616387422
evaluation of the inhibitory activities of the extracts of indonesian traditional medicinal plants against plasmodium falciparum and babesia gibsoni.twenty-four kinds of water extracts derived from 22 plants that are traditionally used for the treatment of malaria on java island, indonesia, were screened for their antibabesial and antimalarial activities. among the extracts, 8 extracts displayed strong antimalarial activity, with an inhibition range from 89.6 to 100%, and 15 showed strong antibabesial activity, with an inhibition range from 84.2 to 98.1%. the extracts of achillea millefolium, baeckea frutenscens, brucea javanica, curcuma xan ...200516141673
anticonflict actions of aqueous extracts of flowers of achillea millefolium l. vary according to the estrous cycle phases in wistar rats.anticonflict-like effects of aqueous extract of flowers of achillea millefolium l., a plant with purported anxiolytic actions, were studied in female wistar rats during late proestrus or diestrus. during late proestrus (p < 0.05), control rats displayed reduced conflict behavior compared with diestrus. diazepam (2.0 mg/kg; i.p.) reduced conflict behavior both during late proestrus (p < 0.05) or diestrus (p < 0.05). doses of 8.0 mg/kg (p < 0.05), 10.0 mg/kg (p < 0.05) or 12.0 mg/kg (p < 0.05) of ...200415597307
reproductive evaluation of aqueous crude extract of achillea millefolium l. (asteraceae) in wistar rats.the present study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the exposure to the aqueous extract from leaves (ae) of achillea millefolium l. on reproductive endpoints in wistar rats. adult male rats were treated daily with yarrow extract (0.3, 0.6 and 1.2 g/kg/day) during 90 days by oral gavage. endpoints including reproductive organ weights, sperm and spermatid numbers as well as sperm morphology were evaluated. no clinical signs of toxicity were detected over the treatment period, and body weig ...200415279880
role of myzus persicae (hemiptera: aphididae) and its secondary hosts in plum pox virus propagation.plum pox virus (family potyviridae, genus potyvirus, ppv) is one of the most important viral pathogens of plants in the genus prunus, particularly prunus persica l. the role of the myzus persicae (sulzer) (hemiptera: aphididae) as a vector of ppv-m, and its role in spreading ppv-m, was investigated. ppv-m-infected peach trees were used as inoculum sources, and transmission to 15 herbaceous species commonly present in and around peach orchards was evaluated. the presence of ppv-m in secondary hos ...200717849850
possible modulating actions of plant extracts on the chromosome breaking activity of mmc and ara-c in human lymphocytes in vitro.plants popularly used as medicine have been seen as promising natural agents by the pharmaceutical industry. in the present study the action of psidium guajava l. (pg) and achillea millefolium l. (am) infusions on chromosomal aberration formation in human lymphocyte system in vitro was assessed, associating them with the alkylating agent mitomycin c (mmc) and the dna repair inhibitor cytosine-beta-arabin-furanoside (ara-c). the cells were cultivated for 72 h and treated continuously with pg and ...200415251179
antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium afan. (asteraceae).the in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium afan. (asteraceae) were investigated. gc-ms analysis of the essential oil resulted in the identification of 36 compounds constituting 90.8% of the total oil. eucalyptol, camphor, alpha-terpineol, beta-pinene, and borneol were the principal components comprising 60.7% of the oil. the oil strongly reduced the diphenylpicrylhydrazyl radical (ic(50)=1.56 micro g ...200312860311
in vitro anti-hepatoma activity of fifteen natural medicines from canada.fifteen crude drugs, stellaria media cyrill. (caryophyllaceae), calendula officinalis l. (compositae), achillea millefolium l. (compositae), verbascum thapsus l. (scrophulariaceae), plantago major l. (plantaginaceae), borago officinalis l. (boraginaceae), satureja hortensis l. (labiatae), coptis groenlandica salisb. (ranunculaceae), cassia angustifolia vahl. (leguminosae), origanum majorana l. (labiatae), centella asiatica l. (umbelliferae), caulophyllum thalictroides mich. (berberidaceae), pice ...200212203264
preliminary screening study of reproductive outcomes after exposure to yarrow in the pregnant rat.yarrow (achillea millefolium) is used for the treatment of diarrhea, as a urinary antiseptic, hypotensive, and diuretic. yarrow also has traditionally been used as an abortifacient, emmenagogue, contraceptive, and for stimulating uterine contractions. for this reason, it is contra-indicated for use in pregnancy. there has, however, been little scientific research carried out to either confirm or refute this recommendation.200314745991
legume presence increases photosynthesis and n concentrations of co-occurring non-fixers but does not modulate their responsiveness to carbon dioxide enrichment.legumes, with the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen (n), may help alleviate the n limitations thought to constrain plant community response to elevated concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide (co(2)). to address this issue we assessed: (1) the effects of the presence of the perennial grassland n(2 )fixer, lupinus perennis, on biomass accumulation and plant n concentrations of nine-species plots of differing plant composition; (2) leaf-level physiology of co-occurring non-fixing species (a ...200312802677
screening of some plants used in the brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases.extracts of 13 brazilian medicinal plants were screened for their antimicrobial activity against bacteria and yeasts. of these, 10 plant extracts showed varied levels of antibacterial activity. piper regnellii presented a good activity against staphylococus aureus and bacillus subtilis, a moderate activity on pseudomonas aeruginosa, and a weak activity against escherichia coli. punica granatum showed good activity on s. aureus and was inactive against the other standard strains. eugenia uniflora ...200212471432
final report on the safety assessment of yarrow (achillea millefolium) extract.yarrow (achillea millefolium) extract is an extract of the yarrow plant, achillea millefolium, supplied in polypropylene glycol, which is reported to function as a "biological additive" in cosmetic products. sesquiterpene lactones, polyacetylenes, simple coumarins, and flavonoids have been identified among the many components of a. millefolium. yarrow extract was reportedly used in 65 cosmetic formulations. historically, yarrow (achillea millefolium) extract was reported to be used at concentrat ...200111558643
attraction of culex pipiens pipiens (diptera: culicidae) to flower volatiles.methylene chloride extracts of flowers from 4 plants (common milkweed, asclepias syriaca l; ox-eye daisy, leucanthemum vulgare lamarck; canada goldenrod, solidago canadensis l.; and yarrow, achillea millefolium l.) were tested in a dual-port olfactometer for attractiveness to female northern house mosquitoes, culex pipiens pipiens l. fifty milligrams of extract was used for each test, which was equivalent to the amount of extract from flowers of 0.58 common milkweed inflorescences, 1.75 ox-eye d ...199910467780
studies on hepatoprotective, antispasmodic and calcium antagonist activities of the aqueous-methanol extract of achillea millefolium.the crude extract of achillea millefolium ( was studied for its possible hepatoprotective effect against d-galactosamine (d-galn) and lipopolysaccharide (lps) induced hepatitis in mice and antispasmodic effect in isolated gut preparations to rationalize some of the folklore uses. co-administration of d-galn (700 mg/kg) and lps (25 microg/kg) produced 100% mortality in mice. pre-treatment of animals with (300 mg/kg) reduced the mortality to 40%. co-administration of d-galn (700 mg/kg) ...200616619341
ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat endoparasites and stomach problems in pigs and pets in british columbia, canada.this paper documents the medicinal plants used to treat endoparasites and stomach problems in dogs, cats and pigs in british columbia, canada. ethnoveterinary data was collected over a 6-month period in 2003. the majority of the information on pets came from 2 naturopaths, 10 herbalists, 5 dog trainers, breeders and pet shop owners, 9 holistic veterinarians and 6 of 27 organic farmers. two pig farmers joined the study in the final stages. the following plants were used as anthelmintics: artemisi ...200717628343
medicinal plants used in kirklareli province (turkey).in this paper, 126 traditional medicinal plants from kirklareli province in turkey have been reported. one hundred and twenty six plant species belonging to 54 families and among them 100 species were wild and 26 species were cultivated plants. most used families were rosaceae, labiatae, compositae and the most used plants were cotinus coggyria, sambucus ebulus, achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica, hypericum perforatum, matricaria chamomilla var. recutita, melissa officinalis subsp. officinali ...200717257791
novel antitumor sesquiterpenoids in achillea millefolium.three new antitumor sesquiterpenoids, achimillic acids a, b and c, were isolated as methyl esters from achillea millefolium and their structures were determined spectroscopically. the compounds were found to be active against mouse p-388 leukemia cells in vivo.19948069962
an ethnobotanical study on the usage of wild medicinal herbs from kopaonik mountain (central serbia).an ethnobotanical survey was carried out on the territory of the highest mountain in central serbia, kopaonik, which is characterized by great plant diversity. in total, 83 wild species from 41 families and 96 preparations for use in human therapy were recorded. among those wild plants which are most commonly used for medicinal purposes, hypericum perforatum l., urtica dioica l., achillea millefolium l., matricaria chamomilla l., sambucus nigra l., and thymus serpyllum l. were particularly highl ...200717145148
phytopharmacologic studies of achillea millefolium linn. 19744443016
herbal remedies of the maritime indians: sterols and triterpenes of achillea millefolium l. (yarrow).as part of ongoing studies of the medicinal aspects of maritime flora, particularly the herbal remedies of the micmac and malecite indians, the sterols and triterpenes of achillea millefolium l. (compositae), a widely used herbal remedy known commonly as yarrow, were determined. using modern techniques, including nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and combined gc-mass spectrometry, beta-sitosterol was identified as the major sterol and alpha-amyrin as the major triterpene of this plant. the ...19827097536
stoichiometric response of nitrogen-fixing and non-fixing dicots to manipulations of co2, nitrogen, and diversity.human activities have resulted in increased nitrogen deposition and atmospheric co(2) concentrations in the biosphere, potentially causing significant changes in many ecological processes. in addition to these ongoing perturbations of the abiotic environment, human-induced losses of biodiversity are also of major concern and may interact in important ways with biogeochemical perturbations to affect ecosystem structure and function. we have evaluated the effects of these perturbations on plant bi ...200717106721
ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in british columbia, canada.the use of medicinal plants is an option for livestock farmers who are not allowed to use allopathic drugs under certified organic programs or cannot afford to use allopathic drugs for minor health problems of livestock.200717324258
trypanosoma cruzi: activity of essential oils from achillea millefolium l., syzygium aromaticum l. and ocimum basilicum l. on epimastigotes and trypomastigotes.trypanocidal activity of clove (syzygium aromaticum l.), basil (ocimum basilicum l.) and yarrow (achillea millefolium l.) essential oils and some of their constituents (eugenol and linalool) was investigated on trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote and bloodstream trypomastigote forms. steam distillation was used to isolate the essential oils, with chemical analyses performed by gas chromatography (gc) and gc coupled to mass spectrometry (gc-ms). the ic(50) (concentration that inhibits 50% parasite gro ...200717349626
safety and antiulcer efficacy studies of achillea millefolium l. after chronic treatment in wistar rats.achillea millefolium l. (asteraceae), popularly known as yarrow, has been used in folk medicine to treat complaints such as inflammation, pain, wounds, hemorrhages and gastrointestinal disturbances. the aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the aqueous extract (ae) of the plant after chronic exposure. indeed, the ae was effective in protecting the gastric mucosa against acute gastric lesions induced by ethanol and indomethacin and in healing chronic gastric lesions in ...200616647233
achillea millefolium l. s.l. -- is the anti-inflammatory activity mediated by protease inhibition?achillea millefolium l. s.l. is traditionally used not only in the treatment of gastro-intestinal and hepato-biliary disorders, but also as an antiphlogistic drug. as various proteases, for instance human neutrophil elastase (hne) and matrix metalloproteinases (mmp-2 and -9), are associated with the inflammatory process, the aim of this study was to test a crude plant extract in in vitro-protease inhibition assays for understanding the mechanisms of anti-inflammatory action. furthermore, two fra ...200717689902
effects of enhanced uv-b radiation on plant chemistry: nutritional consequences for a specialist and generalist lagomorph.ultraviolet-b (uv-b) radiation has been increasing in temperate latitudes in recent decades and is expected to continue rising for some time. enhanced uv-b radiation can change plant chemistry, yet the effects of these changes on mammalian herbivores are unknown. to examine the influence of enhanced uv-b radiation on nutrition of a specialist and generalist hindgut fermenter, we measured nutritional and chemical constituents of three common north american range plants, big sagebrush (artemisia t ...200717406969
inhibitory effect of lactone fractions and individual components from three species of the achillea millefolium complex of bulgarian origin on the human neutrophils respiratory burst activity.achillea species are widely used in folk medicine for treatment of inflammatory diseases. the inhibitory effect on the human neutrophils respiratory burst activity of total extracts, their fractions and some main constituents of the flower heads from achillea asplenifolia, a. collina and a. distans belonging to a. millefolium complex of bulgarian origin, were tested by the modified method of tan and berridge. seven from the investigated fractions showed activity similar or higher than that of in ...200717691054
achillea millefolium l. s.l. revisited: recent findings confirm the traditional use.yarrow (achillea millefolium l. s.l.) is traditionally used in the treatment of inflammatory and spasmodic gastro-intestinal disorders, hepato-biliary complaints and inflammation. now we could show that the flavonoids mediated the antispasmodic properties of yarrow, whereas the dicaffeoylquinic acids caused the choleretic effects. moreover, we observed an in vitro-inhibition of human neutrophil elastase, a protease involved in the inflammatory process, by extracts and fractions from yarrow, whic ...200717704978
uv-b effects on the nutritional chemistry of plants and the responses of a mammalian herbivore.stratospheric ozone depletion has caused ground-level ultraviolet-b (uv-b) radiation to rise in temperate latitudes of both hemispheres. because the effects of enhanced uv-b radiation on the nutrition of food consumed by mammalian herbivores are unknown, we measured nutritional and chemical constituents of 18 forages and related changes to in vitro dry matter digestibility. we also measured intake and in vivo digestibility of pacific willow (salix lasiandra) and alfalfa (medicago sativa l.) by b ...200818274780
arsenic, cadmium and lead in medicinal herbs and their fractionation.arsenic, cadmium and lead were determined for quality control monitoring purposes of bulgarian herbs and their infusions by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. twelve samples of yarrow (achillea millefolium), 18 of chamomile (flores chamomillae), 8 of bearberry leaves (folia uvae ursi), 24 of peppermint (mentha piperitae folium), 10 of hibiscus (hibiscus sabdariffa), 14 of oregano (origanum vulgare) and 12 of thyme (thymus serpyllum) we ...200818614270
chamazulene carboxylic acid and matricin: a natural profen and its natural prodrug, identified through similarity to synthetic drug substances.chamazulene carboxylic acid (1) is a natural profen with anti-inflammatory activity and a degradation product of proazulenic sesquiterpene lactones, e.g., matricin. both 1 and proazulenes occur in chamomile (matricaria recutita), yarrow (achillea millefolium), and a few other asteraceae species. it was isolated in improved yields, characterized physicochemically, and found to be an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, but not of cyclooxygenase-1. it had anti-inflammatory activity in several animal mod ...200616872141
antioxidant and cytoprotective properties of infusions from leaves and inflorescences of achillea collina becker ex rchb.plants are the main source of molecules with antioxidant and radical scavenging properties that aid the natural defence systems of cells and may be involved in the preservation of human health, particularly preventing all the physiopathological conditions where oxidative damage is a hallmark. achillea collina becker ex rchb. is a medicinal plant of the achillea millefolium aggregate (yarrow) traditionally used, particularly in mountain areas, as an infusion or alcohol extract for its digestive, ...200919067389
high-performance liquid chromatographic characterization of some medical plant extracts used in cosmetic formulas.rapid and reliable methods are presented for the characterization of biologically active and/or characteristic constituents in aqueous extracts of hamamelis virginiana, matricaria chamomilla, achillea millefolium, thymus vulgaris, althaea officinalis and cinchonia spp. prior to high-performance liquid chromatographic (hplc) separation a clean-up step was performed using a solid-phase extraction system. the purified extracts were analysed by hplc coupled with a diode-array detector and a fluoresc ...19883417826
occupational asthma from dried flowers of carthamus tinctorious (safflower) and achillea millefolium (yarrow). 200616942580
investigation of the spasmolytic activity of the flavonoid fraction of achillea millefolium s.l. on isolated guinea-pig ilea.the spasmolytic activity of a flavonoid fraction of a commercial sample of yarrow (achillea millefolium s.l.), its main flavonoids as well as quercetin and two flavonoid metabolites were investigated on isolated terminal guinea-pig ilea. the aglycones quercetin, luteolin and apigenin exhibited the highest antispasmodic activities with ic50 values of 7.8 micromol/l, 9.8 micromol/l and 12.5 micromol/l, respectively. rutin and the flavonoid metabolites homoprotocatechuic acid and homovanillic acid ...200617009839
antimotility effect of hydroalcoholic extract of yarrow (achillea millefolium) on the guinea-pig ileum.the use of medicinal herbs among the general population gives rise to the possibility of therapeutic or toxic effects in patients that use these plants. the effects of achillea millefolium hydroalcoholic extract on the contractile responses of the isolated guinea-pig ileum were investigated. the effect of the achillea millefolium extracts at five concentrations ranging form 0.05 to 5 mg ml(-1) was tested. the terminal ileum was removed. segments were fixed in an organ bath containing in tyrode s ...200719093480
antiproliferative effect of flavonoids and sesquiterpenoids from achillea millefolium s.l. on cultured human tumour cell lines.the antiproliferative activities of n-hexane, chloroform, aqueous-methanol and aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of the achillea millefolium aggregate on three human tumour cell lines were investigated by means of mtt assays. the chloroform-soluble extract exerted high tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activities on hela and mcf-7 cells, and a moderate effect on a431 cells; accordingly, it was subjected to detailed bioactivity-guided fractionation. as a result of the multistep chromatograp ...200919107850
medicinal plant treatments for fleas and ear problems of cats and dogs in british columbia, canada.research conducted in 2003/2004 documented and validated (in a non-experimental way) ethnoveterinary medicines used by small-scale, organic livestock farmers in british columbia (bc), canada. interviews were conducted with 60 participants who were organic farmers or holistic medicinal/veterinary practitioners. a workshop was held with selected participants to discuss the plant-based treatments. this paper reports on the medicinal plants used for fleas in cats and dogs. fleas and flies are treate ...200818563443
genotoxicity of achillea millefolium essential oil in diploid cells of aspergillus nidulans.the essential oil of achillea millefolium is commonly used in folk medicine for the treatment of several diseases and has been demonstrated previously to exert an in vitro antimicrobial activity against human pathogens. current study investigates the genotoxic activity of a. millefolium oil. the oil's major constituents are: chamazulene (42.15%), sabinene (19.72%), terpin-4-ol (5.22%), beta-caryophyllene (4.44%) and eucalyptol (3.10%), comprising 74.63% of the total. the oil's genotoxic evaluati ...200918803228
chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial properties of achillea collina becker ex heimerl s.l. and a. pannonica scheele essential oils.the in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of two achillea millefolium (adanson) koch s.l species essential oils (a. collina becker ex heimerl s.l. and a. pannonica scheele, asteraceae) originating from the golija and radan mountains (serbia) were investigated. the chemical profiles of the essential oils were evaluated by gc-ms. antioxidant activity was assessed as free radical scavenging capacity (rsc) towards 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (dpph) radicals, together with effects on li ...200818830141
antinociceptive peripheral effect of achillea millefolium l. and artemisia vulgaris l.: both plants known popularly by brand names of analgesic drugs.the hydroalcohol extracts of achillea millefolium l. (am) and artemisia vulgaris l. (av), both belonging to the asteraceae family, were evaluated by the hot plate, writhing, formalin and intestinal transit tests in an attempt to confirm their folk use as analgesic, antiinflammatory and antispasmodic agents. am 500 and 1000 mg/kg significantly inhibited abdominal contortions by 65% and 23%, respectively, whereas av 500 and 1000 mg/kg inhibited them by 48% and 59%, respectively. none of the extrac ...200918844327
surface rejuvenating effect of achillea millefolium extract.proopiomelanocortin is a precursor peptide that gives rise to several neuropeptides including adrenocorticotrophic hormone (acth) and +¦-endorphin. pomc-derived peptides have been shown to be synthesized in human epidermis where they modulate numerous skin functions. because we previously observed that melanocortin receptor-2 and ++-opioid receptor 1, the respective receptors for acth and +¦-endorphin decreased with ageing in human epidermis, we have selected an active ingredient (inci name: ach ...201121711463
aqueous extracts from menyanthes trifoliate and achillea millefolium affect maturation of human dendritic cells and their activation of allogeneic cd4(+) t cells in vitro.ethnopharmacological relevance: menyanthes trifoliate and achillea millefolium have been used in traditional medicine to ameliorate chronic inflammatory conditions. the aim of this study was to identify the effects of ethanol and aqueous extracts of menyanthes trifoliate and achillea millefolium on maturation of dendritic cells (dcs) and their ability to activate allogeneic cd4(+) t cells.201121511021
comparison of thymus vulgaris (thyme), achillea millefolium (yarrow) and propolis hydroalcoholic extracts versus systemic glucantime in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis in balb/c mice.leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by sand flies. many investigations are performed to find an effective and safe treatment for leishmaniasis. in this study, we evaluated the efficacy of herbal extracts of thymus vulgaris (thyme) and achillea millefolium (yarrow), propolis hydroalcoholic extract and systemic glucantime against cutaneous leishmaniasis in balb/c mice.200819248657
phenolic compounds from achillea millefolium l. and their bioactivity.since antiquity, achillea millefolium l. (asteraceae) has been used in traditional medicine of several cultures, from europe to asia. its richness in bioactive compounds contributes to a wide range of medicinal properties. in this study, we assessed a. millefolium methanolic extract and its isolated components for free radical scavenging activity against 2,2-diphenyl-pycrilhydrazyl, total antioxidant capacity (based on the reduction of cu(++) to cu(+)), and ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation. ...201121503279
toxicological assessment of p-9801091 plant mixture extract after chronic administration in cba/hzg mice--a biochemical and histological study.acute, subchronic and chronic effects of the p-9801091 plant mixture extract at a dose of 20 mg/kg body mass were assessed in serum of healthy cba/hzg mice at 24 hours, 7 days, 3 months and 6 months of treatment (experimental group), and compared with the values obtained in the control group of untreated healthy cba/hzg mice. the p-9801091 plant mixture extract is an antihyperglycemic preparation containing myrtilli folium (vaccinium myrtillus l.), taraxaci radix (taraxacum officinale web.), cic ...200818756913
insecticidal toxicities of carvacrol and thymol derived from thymus vulgaris lin. against pochazia shantungensis chou &lu., newly recorded pest.the insecticidal toxicities of five essential oils against pochazia shantungensis adults and nymphs, newly recorded pests, were evaluated. the lc50 values of thymus vulgaris, ruta graveolens, citrus aurantium, leptospermum petersonii and achillea millefolium oils were recorded as 57.48, 84.44, 92.58, 113.26 and 125.78 mg/l, respectively, against p. shantungensis nymphs using the leaf dipping bioassay, and 75.80, 109.86, 113.26, 145.06 and 153.74 mg/l, respectively, against p. shantungensis adult ...201728106093
the effect of hydro alcoholic extract of seven plants on cariogenic bacteria--an in vitro compare the antibacterial effect of hydro alcoholic extract of salvia officinalis, pimpinella anisum, satureja hortensis, rhus coriaria, carum copticum, mentha longifolia, achillea millefolium against streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus rhamnosus and actinomyces viscosus through two in vitro methods.201424984654
antiulcerogenic activity of hydroalcoholic extract of achillea millefolium l.: involvement of the antioxidant system.achillea millefolium l. is a member of the asteraceae family that is commonly referred to as "yarrow" and has been used in folk medicine against several disturbances including skin inflammations, spasmodic and gastrointestinal disorders, as well as hepato-biliary complaints.201020420892
essential oil composition and larvicidal activity of six mediterranean aromatic plants against the mosquito aedes albopictus (diptera: culicidae).laboratory bioassays on insecticidal activity of essential oils (eos) extracted from six mediterranean plants (achillea millefolium, lavandula angustifolia, helichrysum italicum, foeniculum vulgare, myrtus communis, and rosmarinus officinalis) were carried out against the larvae of the culicidae mosquito aedes albopictus. the chemical composition of the six eos was also investigated. results from applications showed that all tested oils had insecticidal activity, with differences in mortality ra ...201020697909
[experience in treating digestive organ diseases with medicinal plants].results are reported of treatment of chronic hyposecretory gastritis, chronic hepatocholecystitis and angiocholitis by a herbal complex. the herbal composition included achillea millefolium, urtica dioica, cichorium (aboveground part), polygonum, matricaria chamomilla (flowers), helichrysum arenarium, calendula (flowers), corn stigmas, humulus lupulus (racemes) in proportion 3:3:1:1:2:1:1:2:1 respectively. the herbal decoction is to be taken 3 times daily before meals. diet n 5 (pevzner scheme) ...20092750130
antileishmanial activity of an essential oil from the leaves and flowers of achillea essential oil was recently extracted from the leaves and flowers of yarrow (achillea millefolium) and tested for in-vitro activity against leishmania amazonensis and murine macrophages (i.e. the j774g8 cell line). the median inhibitory concentration (ic(50)) against l. amazonensis promastigotes was 7.8 μg/ml whereas the survival of amastigotes of this pathogen, within peritoneal murine macrophages, was halved by treatment with the oil at 6.5 μg/ml. the mean value for the median cytotoxic conc ...201020863436
the effect of polyphenolic-polysaccharide conjugates from selected medicinal plants of asteraceae family on the peroxynitrite-induced changes in blood platelet proteins.lots of plants belonging to asteraceae family are very popular in folk medicine in poland. these plants are also known as being rich in acidic polysaccharides, due to the presence of hexuronic acids or its derivatives. our preliminary experiments have shown that the extract from conyza canadensis l. possesses various biological activity, including antiplatelet, antiocoagulant and antioxidant properties. the aim of our study was to assess if macromolecular glycoconjugates from selected herbal pla ...201020869393
blood pressure lowering, cardiovascular inhibitory and bronchodilatory actions of achillea millefolium.achillea millefolium linn. (asteraceae) is used in folk medicine for the treatment of overactive cardiovascular and respiratory ailments. this study describes its hypotensive, cardio-depressant, vasodilatory and bronchodilatory activities. the crude extract of achillea millefolium ( caused a dose-dependent (1-100 mg/kg) fall in arterial blood pressure of rats under anaesthesia. in spontaneously beating guinea-pig atrial tissues, exhibited negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. ...201120857434
effect of aqueous extract of achillea millefolium on the development of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in c57bl/6 mice.achillea millefolium (a. millefolium) is widely used as an anti-inflammatory remedy in traditional and herbal medicine. in this study, we investigated the effect of an aqueous extract from a. millefolium on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (eae) and on the serum cytokine levels in c57bl/6 mice.024987178
antibacterial activity of traditional medicinal plants used by haudenosaunee peoples of new york state.the evolution and spread of antibiotic resistance, as well as the evolution of new strains of disease causing agents, is of great concern to the global health community. our ability to effectively treat disease is dependent on the development of new pharmaceuticals, and one potential source of novel drugs is traditional medicine. this study explores the antibacterial properties of plants used in haudenosaunee traditional medicine. we tested the hypothesis that extracts from haudenosaunee medicin ...201021054887
hypotensive mechanism of the extracts and artemetin isolated from achillea millefolium l. (asteraceae) in rats.traditional uses of achillea millefolium l. (asteraceae) include the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. in the present study, we used anesthetized rats to assess the hypotensive effect of a hydroethanolic extract (heam), and its dichloromethane (dcm), ethyl acetate (ea), butanolic (bt), and dichloromethane-2 (dcm-2) fractions, besides the flavonoid artemetin, isolated from a. millefolium. the oral administration of heam (100-300 mg/kg), dcm (20mg/kg), dcm-2 (10-30 mg/kg), but not ea (10 mg/kg ...201121420289
vasoprotective activity of standardized achillea millefolium extract.we investigated the effects of achillea millefolium extract in vitro on the growth of primary rat vascular smooth muscle cells (vsmcs) as well as the potential involvement of estrogen receptors (ers) in this process. in addition, the ability of a. millefolium extract to modulate the nf-+¦b pathway was tested in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (huvecs). the fingerprinting of the extract was carried out by hplc-dad and lc-ms(n) and main constituents were flavonoids (10%) and dicaffeolylquin ...201121684130
prokinetic effect of a standardized yarrow (achillea millefolium) extract and its constituent choline: studies in the mouse and human stomach.background  functional dyspepsia (fd) is a highly prevalent gastrointestinal disorder characterized by alterations in gastric motility. yarrow (achillea millefolium l., fam asteraceae) preparations are traditional remedies used to treat dyspeptic complaints. herein, we investigated the effect of a standardized dry water extract obtained from a. millefolium flowering tops (ame) on gastric motility. methods  the effect of ame on motility was evaluated on the resting tone of the isolated gastric an ...201122151891
the effect of achillea millefolium extract on spermatogenesis of male wistar rats.achillea millefolium or yarrow, a native plant in many countries, has been recognized in historical medicine, mainly because of its astringent effects. however, some aspects of the toxicity of yarrow such as possible effects on male reproductive system are not well established. in this investigation, the effects of a. millefolium l. extract on spermatogenesis in adult male wistar rats were studied. eighty-five male wistar rats were divided into nine experimental groups (10 in each group except t ...201120515984
Chemical composition and biological activity of the volatile extracts of Achillea millefolium.In this study, flowering aerial parts of wild Achillea millefolium growing on the Mediterranean coast (Sardinia Island, Italy) and on the Atlantic coast (Portugal- Serra de Montemuro) were used as a matrix for supercritical extraction of volatile oil with CO2 (SFE). The collected extracts were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS methods and their composition were compared with that of the essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation. A strong chemical variability in essential oils depending on the origi ...201122164800
volatile chemical composition and bioactivity of six essential oils against the stored food insect sitophilus zeamais motsch. (coleoptera dryophthoridae).essential oils (eos) of achillea millefolium, myrtus communis, rosmarinus officinalis, helichrysum italicum, foeniculum vulgare and lavandula angustifolia were analysed with gc-fid and gc-ms in order to define their aromatic profiles and then their toxicity and repellent activity against sitophilus zeamais motsch. (coleoptera dryophthoridae) with specific bioassays were evaluated. results from topical applications on insects showed that all eos had variable and significant insecticidal activity. ...201121861644
Mercury distribution in the soil-plant-air system at the Wanshan mercury mining district in Guizhou, Southwest China.The level of mercury bioaccumulation in wild plants; the distribution of bioavailable Hg, elemental Hg, and total Hg in soil; and the concentration of total gaseous Hg (TGM) in ambient air was studied at three different mining sites (SiKeng [SK], WuKeng [WK], and GouXi [GX]) in the Wanshan mercury mining district of China. Results of the present study showed that the distribution of soil total Hg, elemental Hg, bioavailable Hg, and TGM varies across the three mining sites. Higher soil total Hg ( ...201121935979
medicinal plant extracts can variously modify biofilm formation in escherichia coli.low concentrations of black tea and water extracts from medicinal plants arctostaphylos uva-ursi, vaccinium vitis-idaea, tilia cordata, betula pendula and zea mays stimulated biofilm formation in escherichia coli bw25113 up to three times. similar effect was observed for tannic acid and low concentrations of quercetin. in contrast, the extract from urtica dioica reduced biofilm production. pretreatment with plant extracts variously modified antibiotic effects on specific biofilm formation (sbf). ...201424500005
a novel reduction strategy of clarithromycin resistance in helicobacter pylori.antibiotic resistance is a major therapeutic problem in patients infected with helicobacter pylori. h. pylori clarithromycin resistant mutants have been evolved during antibiotic therapy, this is mainly due to 23s rrna point mutations.201425741431
mediterranean essential oils as effective weapons against the west nile vector culex pipiens and the echinostoma intermediate host physella acuta: what happens around? an acute toxicity survey on non-target mayflies.mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) represent a threat for millions of people worldwide, since they act as vectors for important pathogens, including malaria, yellow fever, dengue and west nile. second to malaria as the world's most widespread parasitic disease, infection by trematodes is a devastating public health problem. in this study, we proposed two essential oils from plants cultivated in mediterranean regions as effective chemicals against mosquitoes and freshwater snails vectors of echinost ...201525563605
germacrene a synthase in yarrow (achillea millefolium) is an enzyme with mixed substrate specificity: gene cloning, functional characterization and expression analysis.terpenoid synthases constitute a highly diverse gene family producing a wide range of cyclic and acyclic molecules consisting of isoprene (c5) residues. often a single terpene synthase produces a spectrum of molecules of given chain length, but some terpene synthases can use multiple substrates, producing products of different chain length. only a few such enzymes has been characterized, but the capacity for multiple-substrate use can be more widespread than previously thought. here we focused o ...201525784918
anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects of selected pakistani medicinal plants in helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells.helicobacter pylori infection is associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. due to its high global prevalence and uprising resistance to available antibiotics, efforts are now directed to identify alternative source to treat and prevent associated disorders. in the present study, effect of selected indigenous medicinal plants of pakistan was evaluated on the secretion of interleukin-8 (il-8) and generation of reactive oxygen species (ros) in a bid to rationalize their medicinal ...201222433535
bacterial endophytes isolated from plants in natural oil seep soils with chronic hydrocarbon contamination.the bacterial endophytic communities of four plants growing abundantly in soils highly contaminated by hydrocarbons were analyzed through culturable and culture-independent means. given their tolerance to the high levels of petroleum contamination at our study site, we sought evidence that achillea millefolium, solidago canadensis, trifolium aureum, and dactylis glomerata support high levels of hydrocarbon degrading endophytes. a total of 190 isolates were isolated from four plant species. the i ...201627252685
assessment of the microbial load of some medicinal plants commonly used in romania.this study aims to assess the microbial load of some medicinal plants (matricaria chamomilla, achillea millefolium, ocimum basilicum, calendula officinalis, tilia cordata, hypericum perforatum) commonly used as medicinal teas.201525970977
evaluating the efficacy of achillea millefolium and thymus vulgaris extracts against newcastle disease virus in ovo.nowadays natural products such as pure compounds and plant extract scan provide unlimited opportunities for new antiviral drugs. newcastle disease virus (ndv) is one of the most important viral diseases in poultry industry. vaccination could provide protection against ndv outbreaks, but it is not sufficient because infections by ndvs have remained frequent around the world.201425147678
tlc-direct bioautography and lc/ms as complementary methods in identification of antibacterial agents in plant tinctures from the asteraceae family.matricaria recutita l. (chamomile) and achillea millefolium l. (yarrow) are very common herbs growing in meadows, pathways, crop fields, and home gardens. preparations from these plants, e.g., infusions or alcohol extracts, are widely used as remedies. both chamomile and yarrow have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. most microbiological assays used today give information only on activity of whole extracts and do not provide information on the composition an ...201526268962
anxiolytic-like effects of acute and chronic treatment with achillea millefolium l. extract.ethnopharmacological relevance: achillea millefolium l. (asteraceae), known as yarrow ("mil folhas"), has been used as folk medicine for gastrointestinal disorders, inflammation, anxiety, and insomnia. aim: to evaluate the potential anxiolytic-like effect of hydroalcoholic extract of achillea millefolium l. in animal models. methods: the present study evaluated the effects of the hydroalcoholic extract from the aerial parts of achillea millefolium l. in mice subjected to the elevated plus-maze, ...201122155391
ethnomedicinal plants of kathua district, j&k, india.natural products, especially those derived from plants, continue to provide new and important leads in the drug discovery process. the first step in drug discovery is to document material traditionally used to treat an ailment. documentation of such knowledge will lead to its conservation and facilitate future research on medicinal plant safety and efficacy to validate traditional use. the present study was undertaken with an aim to document the ethnomedicinal plants of kathua district.201526023030
getting the smell of it--odour cues structure pollinator networks.floral visitors vary greatly among plant species and depend on the volatiles emitted by the flowers. creeping thistle is normally visited by bees and bumblebees while common yarrow is rather visited by flies. manipulating the flower volatiles caused pollinator communities to become more similar among the two plant species. image credit: robert junker and anna-amelie larue. in focus: larue, a.-a.c., raguso, r.a. & junker, r.r. (2015) experimental manipulation of floral scent bouquets restructures ...201626899420
acaricidal and insecticidal activities of essential oils against a stored-food mite and stored-grain insects.twenty plant-derived oils were evaluated for their acaricidal and insecticidal activities against sitotroga cerealella, sitophilus oryzae, sitophilus zeamais, and tyrophagus putrescentiae adults, by using the fumigant and filter paper diffusion methods. responses varied with bioassay systems, insect or mite species, plant oils, and exposure time. based on the 50% lethal dose (ld50) values against s. oryzae and s. zeamais in the fumigant bioassay, anethum graveolens oil (4.12 and 1.12 μg/cm(3), r ...201626735047
effect of achillea millefolium on relief of primary dysmenorrhea: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.primary dysmenorrhea occurs in as many as 50% of postmenarche women and is characterized by a particularly intense pain that is localized in the abdominal inferior quadrants and radiates to the inner thigh. this study assessed the effectiveness of achillea millefolium on relief of primary dysmenorrhea.201526238568
content of zinc and copper in selected plants growing along a 2011 a study was carried out analyzing the effects of road traffic on bioaccumulation of zinc and copper in selected species of dicotyledonous plants growing on adjacent grasslands. to do the research the plants were sampled from the 9-km-long siedlce bypass, a part of the international route e-30. they were collected during the flowering stage, at following distances from the road: 1, 5, 10, 15 m. the content of zinc and copper was determined with the aas method, with dry mineralisation done ...201526364030
effects of artemetin on nitric oxide release and protection against peroxidative injuries in porcine coronary artery endothelial cells.artemetin is one of the main components of achillea millefolium l. and artemisia absinthium, which have long been used for the treatment of various diseases. to date, however, available information about protective effects of their extracts on the cardiovascular system is scarce. therefore, we planned to analyze the effects of artemetin on nitric oxide (no) release and the protection exerted against oxidation in porcine aortic endothelial (pae) cells. in pae, we examined the modulation of no rel ...201526032176
modulation of antioxidant systems by subchronic exposure to the aqueous extract of leaves from achillea millefolium l. in rats.we determined the effects of subchronic exposure to aqueous extract of leaves from achillea millefolium (ae) on enzyme- and non-enzyme-dependent antioxidant systems in rats. seven days treatment with ae (1 g/kg/twice a day, p.o.) altered the reduced glutathione (gsh) levels and antioxidant enzyme activities in several organs of the animals. amount of gsh in uterus was increased (73%) while in kidneys it was decreased (23%). besides, nad(p)h quinone oxidoreductase 1 (nqo1) activity was increased ...201625870009
antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of turkish achillea, satureja and thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria.the aims of this study were to examine the chemical composition of the essential oils and hexane extracts of the aerial parts of satureja spicigera (c. koch) boiss., thymus fallax fisch. & ca mey, achillea biebersteinii afan, and achillea millefolium l. by gc and gc-ms, and to test antibacterial efficacy of essential oils and n-hexane, chloroform, acetone and methanol extracts as an antibacterial and seed disinfectant against 25 agricultural plant pathogens.201020355025
effect of drive row ground covers on hop (rosales: cannabaceae) yard arthropod pests in vermont, usa.alternatives to pesticides are necessary for the management of hop (humulus lupulus l.) arthropod pests. the three major arthropod pests in northeastern us hop production include two-spotted spider mite, tetranychus urticae koch, hop aphid phorodon humuli (schrank), and potato leafhopper, empoasca fabae harris. this 3-yr study (2012-2014) in vermont investigated the effect of flowering ground covers on arthropod pest abundance. hop cultivars 'nugget' and 'cascade' were evaluated under a strip-sp ...201728334066
the effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of achillea millefolium on appetite hormone in rats.achillea millefolium (a. millefolium) is known as an orexigenic herb in iranian traditional medicine. in this study, the possible orexigenic effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of a. millefolium was investigated by measuring plasmaghrelin level.201728265542
biochemical and pathological study of hydroalcoholic extract of achillea millefolium l. on ethylene glycol-induced nephrolithiasis in laboratory rats.nephrolithiasis is of the most prevalent urinary tract disease. it seems worthwhile to replace the conventional treatments with more beneficial and safer agents, particularly herbal medicines which are receiving an increasing interest nowadays.201425599052
the estimation of the traditionally used yarrow (achillea millefolium l. asteraceae) oil extracts with anti-inflamatory potential in topical application.olive or sunflower oil yarrow extracts have been extensively used against inflammatory disorders and skin wound healing in traditional medicine.201728163113
levels of some microelements and essential heavy metals in herbal teas in serbia.levels of fe, mn, cu, zn, mo, co, ni, se, sn and al were determined in 14 medicinal plants from serbia, which are widely used in phytopharmacy as herbal teas. the following plants were investigated: yarrow (achillea millefolium l.), basil (ocimum hasilicum l.), st. john's wort (hypericum perforatum l.), peppermint (mentha x piperita l.), field horsetail (equisetum arvense l.), stinging nettle (urtica dioica l.), thyme (thymus serpyllum l.), maize silk (zea mays l. - maydis stigma), hibiscus (hib ...201425265817
biological activities of asteraceae (achillea millefolium and calendula officinalis) and lamiaceae (melissa officinalis and origanum majorana) plant extracts.asteraceae (achillea millefolium and calendula officinalis) and lamiaceae (melissa officinalis and origanum majorana) extracts were obtained by applying two sequential extraction processes: supercritical fluid extraction with carbon dioxide, followed by ultrasonic assisted extraction using green solvents (ethanol and ethanol:water 50:50). the extracts were analyzed in terms of the total content of phenolic compounds and the content of flavonoids; the volatile oil composition of supercritical ext ...201728101823
achillea millefolium l. extract mediated green synthesis of waste peach kernel shell supported silver nanoparticles: application of the nanoparticles for catalytic reduction of a variety of dyes in this paper, silver nanoparticles (ag nps) are synthesized using achillea millefolium l. extract as reducing and stabilizing agents and peach kernel shell as an environmentally benign support. ft-ir spectroscopy, uv-vis spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (xrd), field emission scanning electron microscopy (fesem), energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (eds), thermo gravimetric-differential thermal analysis (tg-dta) and transmission electron microscopy (tem) were used to characterize peach kernel sh ...201728088570
the effect of achillea millefolium and hypericum perforatum ointments on episiotomy wound healing in primiparous women.the purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of achillea millefolium and hypericum perforatum ointments on episiotomy wound healing in primiparous women.201728027682
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