acid-base parameters in the dehydrated camel.the effect of prolonged (10 days) dehydration on acid-base parameters of camel blood was examined. the ph and pco2 levels rose significantly in the course of dehydration. this state was comparable with compensated non-respiratory alkalosis found in other animals. the plasma sodium, and magnesium levels rose significantly also. the plasma oxygen and calcium levels declined significantly. there were no significant changes in potassium and phosphate levels. it is concluded that the changes found i ...1975814
studies on camel hemoglobin. 1. physico-chemical properties and some structural aspects of camel hemoglobin (camelus dromedarius).hemoglobin from an adult camel (camelus dromedarius) was prepared from the red cell lysate by cm- and deae-cellulose chromatography. the purified hemoglobin showed a lesser mobility on starch gel electrophoresis at ph 8.5 than that of human hemoglobin c. native camel hemoglobin contains 95-99% alkali-resistant hemoglobin and in soluble in 2.94 m k2hpo4/kh2po4 buffer. different forms of camel hemoglobin show similar ammonium sulfate precipitation curves. indirect evidence for the stability of cam ...19767305
renal handling of creatinine in various stages of hydration in the camel. 197711059
beta-lactoglobulins in the mammary secretions of camel (camelus dromedarius) and she-ass. immunological detection and preliminary physico-chemical characterization.the mammary secretions of a monogastric, the ass, and those of a tylopode, the camel (camelus dromedarius), were examined by double diffusion in agarose gel against rabbit sera anti-bovine beta-lactoglobulin. clear precipitin reactions were obtained. after immunoelectrophoresis the camel and she-ass beta-lactoglobulins showed very different electrophoretic mobilities.1979117816
ultastructural studies of sarcocystis sp. from the camel (camelus dromedarius) in means of electron microscopy a study has been made on sarcocystis from 29 camels (camelus dromedarius) in egypt. in oesophagus and diaphragm muscles sarcocysts have been observed. the micromorphology of metrocytes, merozoites as well as of the cyst wall has been described.1979120047
the anatomy of the tendons of insertion of the extrinsic muscles of the eyeball in the buffalo, cow and camel. 1977146446
a new epidermal membrane associated with the foetus of the camel (camelus dromedarius). 1977146449
being a camel is a pain in the back. 1979156352
on the regional histology and histochemistry of the epididymis of the camel (camelus dromedarius).distinct morphological regions, initial, middle and terminal segments, were distinguishable histologically; the middle segment was further subdivided into proximal, intermediated and distal parts. pas-positive, diastase-resistant reaction was detected in the blood vessels, subepithelial tissue and stereocilia of all segments. acid phosphatase was demonstrated in the epithelial cells with the highest activity being in the proximal part of the middle segment. non-specific esterase gave a similar r ...1979159947
some histochemical studies on the prostate, urethral and bulbourethral glands of the one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius).the histochemical localization of carbohydrates, ribonucleoproteins (rna), lipids, some hydrolytic enzymes, succinate and lactate dehydrogenase and acetylcholinesterase were investigated in the prostate, urethral and bulbourethral glands of the camel. these glands probably secrete carbohydrate-protein complexes. in the bulbourethral glands, they are sulphated mucopolysaccharides. rna was seen in the cytoplasm of the prostate and urethral glands. neutral lipids were cytoplasmic and present in mod ...1976186443
purification to homogeneity of camel pituitary pro-opiocortin, the common precursor of opioid peptides and was purified from camel pituitaries by procedures including high-performance liquid chromatography. the precursor relationship of the pure protein to the opioid peptides and to corticotropin was confirmed. partial chemical analysis consisting of amino acid analysis and tryptic peptide mapping was carried out with the aid of sensitive fluorescence detection.1979221906
observations on the fine structure of the testicular interstitial cells in the camel (camelus dromedarius). 1979256168
conformation of beta-endorphin and beta-lipotropin: formation of helical structure in methanol and sodium dodecyl sulfate solutions.circular dichroic spectra of camel beta-endorphin and ovine beta-lipotropin in water show little, if any, secondary structure. intrinsic viscosities and sedimentation coefficients of the two peptides also suggest that the molecules are not compact and globular. methanol or sodium dodecyl sulfate promotes the formation of helical structure to an extent as much as one-half of either peptide molecule. the conformation of the complex between camel beta-endorphin and dodecyl sulfate may be related to ...1977269386
isolation and characterization of the opioid peptides from rat pituitary: beta-endorphin.beta-endorphin was isolated from 200 rat pituitaries by means of high-performance column chromatography, using sensitive fluorometric methods and a radioreceptor assay for opioid activity. the beta-endorphin was characterized as to molecular weight, amino acid composition, and mapping of tryptic peptides by a new microtechnique. it was found that rat beta-endorphin is identical to camel and sheep beta-endorphin. furthermore, alpha-endorphin, met-enkephalin, a nonpeptide morphine-like compound (m ...1977270731
chiropractic: the camel in the tent. 1978276677
an epidemic of rift valley fever in egypt. 2. isolation of the virus from animals.during the epidemic of rift valley fever (rvf) that occurred in egypt and other areas of north africa in 1977, the virus was isolated from various species of domestic animal and rats (rattus rattus frugivorus) as well as man. the highest number of rvf virus isolates were obtained from sheep; only one isolate was recovered from each of the other species tested, viz. cow, camel, goat, horse, and rat. rvf virus was reisolated from both camel and horse sera, apparently for the first time.1979314355
fatty acid composition of hump triglycerides of the camel camelus dromedarius.1. hump lipids of camelus dromedarius (single-humped camel) were extracted and fractionated by thin-layer chromatography. 2. the hump lipids were found to be mainly triglycerides with a trace of phospholipids. 3. the fatty acid methyl esters of the triglycerides were studied by gas-liquid chromatography. 4. the major fatty acids were found to be palmitate (35%), stearate (26%), oleate (24%) and myristate (12%). hexadecenoic (2%) and pentadecanoic acids were minor components.1977318265
25-hydroxycholecalciferol levels in camel, sheep and goat.1. the plasma levels of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol were measured in female dromedary camels, female sheep and sinai desert goats. 2. the camels had levels of 443 +/- 96 ng/ml in summer, and 267 +/- 113 ng/ml in winter. 3. the sheep had levels of 40.7 +/- 9.09 ng/ml in summer and 37.1 +/- 8.82 ng/ml in winter, i.e. roughly the same as man in that region. 4. the goats had lower levels: 23.9 +/- 5.67 ng/ml in summer.1978318277
a comparative study of ketone body metabolism between the camel (camelus dromedarius) and the sheep (ovis aries).1. plasma levels of beta-hydroxybutyrate (bhb), and acetoacetate (acac) have been measured in camels (camelus dromedarius) and sheep (ovis aries). the activity of beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (bhb-deh2) (e.c. was studied in the rumen epithelium and the liver of these animals. 2. concentrations of plasma bhb and acac in the camel were in respective order 33 and 4 times lower than that of the sheep. the ratios of bhb to acac were 0.61 and 4.8 for the camel and sheep, respectively. ...1979318289
[fertility control in man: the history of contraception from antiquity to the present].short histories of various contraceptive methods are recounted. prolonged lactation was a method known in antiquity. it again became a widespread contraceptive method in the 1900's, in spite of its ca. 50% effectiveness. the rhythm method was first scientifically formulated in 1930 and is the only contraceptive method sanctioned by the roman catholic church. primitive condoms were known as early as 1564, but it was not until the discovery of the vulcanization of rubber that the widespread pr ...1977340822
comparison of various immunological methods for distinguishing among mammalian pancreatic ribonucleases of known amino acid sequence.fourteen mammalian pancreatic ribonucleases of known amino acid sequence were compared by 1 or more of 3 different immunological methods: standard quantitative micro-complement fixation, spot-plate micro-complement fixation, and inhibition of phage inactivation. it was found that, while the results obtained by the 3 techniques were correlated with one another, the standard micro-complement fixation procedure was most versatile, economical of materials, and easiest to execute. the standard mc'f t ...1978344895
incidence of anatomical variants in renal vasculature in the presence of normal renal function.this report defines the incidence of variations in the renal vascular pedicle in a group of patients with normal renal function as determined by standard laboratory criteria. the study group consisted of 166 patients undergoing renal arteriography as potential renal allograft donors. ninety-seven patients were male and 69 were female. ages ranged from 18-54 years, median age being 37 years. all patients underwent preliminary screening tests including blood chemistries, creatinine clearance, urin ...1978352280
the electrocardiogram of the camel (camelus dromedarius). 1977404795
the purification of peptides by partition chromatography based on a hydrophobicity scale.a study of the efficiency of partition chromatography for the purification of peptides as a function of structure has been undertaken. a series of 19 omission analogs of camel beta-endorphin and of some of its partial sequences have been synthesized with each analog missing only a single amino acid. their chromatographic properties have been examined with use of the martin hypothesis and the rm concept, and a hydrophobicity scale for the amino acid side chains was obtained. to a first approximat ...1979422324
world's first camel clinic caters to the indispensable dromedary. 1979422458
vascular supply of the testis of the camel (camelus dromedarius).the origin, pattern of distribution and the length of the convoluted part of the testicular artery were examined by blunt dissection and by the preparation of arterial casts with vinylite. the testicular artery originates from the abdominal aorta just cranial to its bifurcation and forms compact coils and reveals a tortuous course in the region of the pampiniform plexus and along the attached border. the artery divides at the caudal extremity of the testis into 2--4 branches. the epididymal arte ...1979442960
histological observations on the testis of the camel, with special emphasis on spermatogenesis.a histological study of the testis of the camel has been carried out; this includes the description of the different cell types of the testis, stages and frequency of the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium. the testis is characterized by the presence of abundant leydig cells found in large masses in the intertubular areas and in the mediastinum. the cycle of the seminiferous epithelium was divided into eight stages (i-viii) according to the method of ortavant. the frequency of the stages i-vii ...1979442970
variability in erythrocyte deformability among various mammals.deformability is an important aspect of erythrocyte physiology and has been extensively studied using human red cells. we have studied erythrocytes from 25 different animals using a viscometric technique. erythrocyte diameters ranged from 3.3 microns in the goat to 11.4 microns for the elephant seal. erythrocytes from most species deformed readily when a fluid shear stress was applied. a deformability index of the stressed cell defined as (length - width)/(length + width) correlated with cell si ...1979443394
marginal bands in camel erythrocytes.the elliptical, anucleate erythrocytes of camels have been examined for the presence of marginal bands and their constituent microtubules. lysis of erythrocytes under microtubule-stabilizing conditions readily revealed marginal bands in at least 3 % of the cells, as observed by phase-contrast and darkfield light microscopy. microtubules plus a marginal band-encompassing network of material are visible in lysed cell whole mounts with transmission electron microscopy. marginal band microtubules ar ...1979457820
a survey on spontaneous atherosclerosis of camels (camelus dromedarius) in a survey carried out on 200 camels (camelus dromedarius) from different parts of iran, three cases were diagnosed positive for atherosclerosis on gross and microscopic examination. a sex and age predilection is suspected. the complications of atherosclerosis were not present. to the best of the authors' knowledge this is the first report of atherosclerosis in camels.1979462553
observations on haematology of camel (camelus dromodarius l). 1979489104
characterization of mouse tumor cell beta-lipotropin.mouse tumor cell beta-lipotropin (beta lph) and gamma-lipotropin (gamma lph) were purified from mouse pituitary tumor cell culture medium by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. the mouse tumor cell beta lph was identified by immunoprecipitation with several antisera to beta-endorphin, generation of opioid bioactivity upon brief treatment with trypsin, and its identity with the molecule previously shown to serve as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of beta-endorphin. mouse tumor cel ...1979489593
morphometric observations on the kidney of the camel, camelus dromedarius.morphometric analysis of the kidney of the camel was carried out on gross slices and histological sections using standard morphometric methods. the renal cortex occupied about 50% by volume of the kidney, and the ratio of the thickness of the medulla to that of the cortex was about 4:1. the relative thickness of the medulla was about 7.89. this parameter is an indicator of the lengths of the loops of henle and vasa recta, and, according to the countercurrent theory, is consequently an indicator ...1979511770
[respiration at high altitudes, phosphate-protein interaction: the sequence of hemoglobins from guinea pig and dromedary (author's transl)].the sequence of the main hemoglobin component of the guinea pig (cavia aerea f. porcellus, caviidae) and that of the hemoglobin of the dromedary (camelus dromedarius, camelidae) is given. the sequence is obtained automatically by the sequenator using the quadrol and the propyne programme. the sequence of the alpha-and beta-chains of the guinea pig is compared with that of the human hemoglobin; the sequence of the dromedary in comparison to the ilama shows in the alpha-chains five amino acid exch ...1979527943
observations on the distribution of the omentum in the one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius).the greater omentum of the camel has been studied for the first time. although the camel belongs to the suborder artiodactyla, the greater omentum exhibits a striking similarity to that of perissodactyla.1979539472
[normal variants of the diaphragm--scalloping and dromedary (author's transl)]. 1979547076
colloid goiter in a newborn dromedary camel and an aborted fetus. 1979556205
effect of temperature and relative humidity on plasma and gonadal testosterone concentrations in camels (camelus dromedarius). 1977559085
scanning electron microscopy of the camel uterine tube (oviduct). 1977560814
[trypanocidal effect of isometamidium chloride hydrochlorate on trypanosoma evansi and treatment attempt of trypanosomiasis in dromedary]. 1977566944
the oestrous cycle of the camel (camelus dromedarius).thirty-five complete oestrous cycles were studied in five nonpregnant camels (camelus dromedarius) over a period of 15 months. the oestrous cycle did not have a luteal phase. during the cycle of 28 days the ovarian activity was strictly follicular. follicles matured in six days, maintained their size for 13 days and regressed in eight days. ovulation was non-spontaneous and required the stimulus of coitus. manual stimulation of the cervix for 15 minutes did not induce ovulation. the external man ...1978570318
the arteria maxillaris of the camel (camelus dromedarius). 1977577117
a study on lig. nuchae of the one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius). 1977578084
[ligaments of the lateral meniscus of the camel]. 1977580322
studies on the digestion of carbohydrates in the camel (camelus dromedarius).camels with cannulas in the small intestine were used to study the "digestive-absorptive" capacities of the small intestine. solutions of different carbohydrates were infused through the cannulas and the responses in blood glucose levels were measured. monosaccharides were readily absorbed from the camel small intestine. the pattern of disaccharide absorption indicated that there was high lactase activity and low maltase and sucrase activity, in the camel small intestinal mucosa.1977595140
the effects of reversible narcotic immobilisation in the iranian camel. 1977595276
[pyogenic diseases of the dromedary in ethiopia. symptomotology. etiologie]. 1977609831
morphological and histochemical studies of the mandibular salivary glands of the one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius).the morphology, and nerve and blood supply of the mandibular salivary glands of the one-humped camel were studied in detail. the intraglandular portion of the duct system was also examined. the micromorphological and histochemical studies showed that the mandibular glands are of the tubuloacinar type. the secretory cells are of two types; (1) mucous cells grouped into secretory tubules and acini, and (2) seromucoid cells grouped into acini and demilunes. these demilunes are associated with the m ...1977610483
[toxicity of isometamidium by intravenous injections in various domestic mammals and especially in the dromedary]. 1977615327
on the morphology of the accessory male glands and histochemistry of the ampulla ductus deferentis of the camel (camelus dromedarius). 1978624677
clinical pregnancy diagnosis in the camel and a comparison with bovine pregnancy.the clinical features of pregnancy for each month of gestation were studied and the findings recorded in respect of six pregnant camels which were subjected to rectal and vaginal examinations at weekly intervals over a period of 13 months. a comparison of the findings was made with those previously recorded for the cow.1978636209
comparative study of gartner's duct in the camel.gartner's duct is fairly constant in the camel, especially in young animals. it contains fluid secretion, yellowish translucent and viscid in character. secondary coagulation of the secretion occurs on standing, and so becomes gelatinous. the ducts were histologically studies and glandular acini were found opening in them. an explanation of the manner of formation of gartner's duct cyst is suggested. gartner's duct may be a functioning accessory gland of the female sexual apparatus in the camel.1978636827
further results of serological examination of domestic animals for leptospirosis in afghanistan.the authors examined serologically 329 specimens of domestic animals from 8 provinces of afghanistan for the incidence of leptospirosis. they detected in 15.8% of the animals examined antibodies against leptospira in titres of 1 : 800 and higher: in 6.4% with serotypes of the serogroup hebdomadis, 5.5%--tarassovi, 2.7%--grippotyphosa, 2.4%--pomona, 2.1% javanica, 1.5%--icterohaemorrhagiae, 0.6% each--canicola, ballum, bataviae, 0.3%--pyrogenes. positivity was highest in the buffalo--55.0%, camel ...1978640518
morphological changes in the testis and epididymis of camels (camelus dromedarius). part i.the normal anatomy and morphological changes in the testis and epididymis, due to age and seasonal variations, were studied in camels (camelus dromedarius) between 4 and 20 years of age. the testes had a dark gray colour and were situated in the perineum. the weight ranged from 32 to 225 g. the length and maximum cross-diameter were 6--13 and 3--6.5 cm, respectively. the maximum weight of the left testis in 12-year-old camels during the winter months (december to march) was 225 g, and the minimu ...1978654868
histological and histochemical studies on the testis of camel (camelus dromedarius) during the various seasons and ages. part ii.histological and a few histochemical studies were done on the testes of 34 camels between 4 and 20 years of age, during three seasons: the tunica albuginea of the testes was composed of collagenous and a few elastic fibers. isolated bundles of the smooth muscle fibers were observed in the capsule. the mediastinum testis and its radiating septula into the parenchyma also consisted of mainly collagenous and a few elastic fibers. the interstitial tissue was composed of leydig cells and a network of ...1978654869
a study of some haematological parameters in the iranian camel. 1978664010
response of the renin-aldosterone system in the camel to acute dehydration.plasma renin activity (pra), renin substrate concentration (prs), aldosterone concentration (pa), and cortisol levels were determined in five camels during dehydration (8-10 days complete denial of water) and at timed intervals after rapid rehydration in cool spring and hot summer weather. plasma sodium concentration increased from 138 +/- 3.7 to 147 +/- 2.5 (mean +/- se) meq/l during spring dehydration, and from 146 +/- 1.3 to 157 +/- 1.14 meq/l during dehydration in the summer. plasma sodium c ...1978670013
anatomical, histological and histochemical observations and changes in the poll glands of the camel (camelus dromedarius). part iii. 1978676657
the prevalence of antibody of antibody to contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (mycoplasma strain f38) in some wild herbivores and camels in kenya.sera of 11 species of wild herbivores were tested for antibody to mycoplasma strain f38 which causes contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (ccpp) in kenya. antibodies were found in buffalo (syncerus caffer) (32%), impala (aepyceros melampus) (10%) and camels (camelus dromedarius) (49%) but not in bushbuck (tragelaphus scriptus), eland (taurotragus oryx), grant's gazelle (gazella granti), kongoni (alcelaphus buselaphus cokei), oryx (oryx beisa), thomson's gazelle (gazella thomsonii), waterbuck (kobu ...1978691121
camel thyroid metabolism: effect of season and dehydration.the thyroid function of normally hydrated and dehydrated camels was examined in winter, spring, and summer. the thyroid was stimulated in summer when water was available, but was inhibited following dehydration. it is concluded that the decline of thyroid function, as gauged by hormone secretion during dehydration in the summer, aids in preservation of body water by decreasing pulmonary water loss and dropping basic metabolism.1978711570
renal physiology of the dromedary camel. 1978713171
[use of nitroxinil in the camel. trials on its toxicity and effectiveness performed in ethiopia]. 1978734203
dead space and tidal volume of the giraffe compared with some other mammals.the ventilation, tidal volume and anatomical dead-space were measured in a living giraffe and compared with similar measurements in a camel, red deer, llama and man. the giraffe had a resting tidal volume of about 3.3 litres with a dead-space/tidal-volume ratio of 0.34. the giraffe breathes slowly, apparently because of the unusually small diameter of its trachea relative to its length, compared with known measurement in other mammals.1978734250
studies on the ovarian activity of the dromedary (camelus dromedarius).post-ovulatory corpora haemorrhagica and mature corpora lutea were seen in the ovary of non pregnant dromedary only during the spring season. regressed corpora lutea were noticed in the pvaries all-over the year together with many follicles of different sizes. 2 or 3 corpora lutea in different stages of regression might be found in the same ovary. premordial follicles in the ovary of the dromedary were found to be distributed under tunica albuginea and extend deeply for a short distance in the c ...1978749391
viscosity of normal bovine and camel synovial fluid. 1978751977
leptospirosis in ethiopia: a serological survey in domestic and wild hundred and fifty-eight serum samples from domestic and wild animals in ethiopia were tested for leptospiral antibodies by the microscopic agglutination test. the following percentages of seropositivity were obtained: horse (91.3 per cent), cow (70.7 per cent), pig (57.1 per cent), goat (47.3 per cent), sheep (43.4 per cent), camel (15.4 per cent), and dog (8.3 per cent). all 54 samples from birds and wild animals were seronegative. most of the positive sera exhibited reaction to more than ...1975806698
unique properties of the camel erythrocyte membrane, ii. organization of membrane proteins.camel erythrocyte membranes are distinguished by some unique properties of stability and composition. notable is their abundance in proteins (protein:lipid ratio of 3:1). membrane proteins of camel erythrocytes were compared with those of human eruthrocytes, which have been intensively investigated. proteins were extracted with various aqueous media (edta, alkaline or high ionic strength) and with ionic and non-ionic detergents and were analyzed by gel electrophoresis. in membranes of camel eryt ...1976816376
the erythrocyte membrane site for the effect of temperature on osmotic fragility.the osmotic fragility of human erythrocytes is well known to decrease as the temperature is elevated. the cellular site for the temperature effect was studied by assessing possible roles of hemoglobin and of membrane lipids and by taking advantage of the unique response of camel erythrocytes to temperature. it is concluded that the erythrocyte membrane is the site for the temperature effect on osmotic fragility. the human erythrocyte is likely to rupture in protein--lipid boundary regions in the ...1977836832
glucose loading and dehydration in the camel.five female bedouin camels were subjected to large infusions of glucose, both when water was readily available and following 10 days of water deprivation. when the camels were hydrated the extra glucose was readily given off in the urine with only a slight increase in blood levels. following dehydration, the blood glucose levels increased greatly while the urinary excretion was limited. dehydration led to decreased blood insulin levels, while glucose infusion led to increased levels. the data sh ...1977863833
studies on reproduction in camels (camelus dromedarius) viii. the electrophoretic pattern and the amino acid content of the seminal plasma protein. 1977873601
studies on peptides. lxx. synthesis of two octadecapeptides corresponding to the entire amino acid sequence of camel beta-melanocyte-stimulating hormones. 1977880719
effect of lipid solvents on cutaneous moisture loss.application of various lipid solvents and dimethyl sulphoxide to the skin of cattle, sheep, eland and african buffalo exposed to an air temperature of 20 degrees c caused an increase in cutaneous moisture loss. the effect did not occur after exposure to an air temperature of 40 degrees c or after adrenaline administration. blockage of sweating by either bethanidine or phenoxybenzamine did not affect the response. camel, donkey, dog and man showed no increase in cutaneous moisture loss after lipi ...1977921632
[serologic survey of brucellosis of the dromedary in ethiopia]. 1977928884
the nonspecific camel-hump sign. 1976946087
allelic polymorphism in arabian camel ribonuclease and the amino acid sequence of bactrian camel ribonuclease.pancreatic ribonucleases from several species (whitetail deer, roe deer, guinea pig, and arabian camel) exhibit more than one amino acid at particular positions in their amino acid sequences. since these enzymes were isolated from pooled pancreas, the origin of this heterogeneity is not clear. the pancreatic ribonucleases from 11 individual arabian camels (camelus dromedarius) have been investigated with respect to the lysine-glutamine heterogeneity at position 103 (welling et al., 1975). six ri ...1976962846
effect of ambient temperature on red blood cells in the dehydrated camel. 1976977307
sodium and potassium metabolism in the dehydrated and rehydrated bedouin camel.the effects of 10 days dehydration and rapid rehydration on the sodium and potassium metabolism in the one-humped camel were examined. the research was carried out during two periods in the summer, a cool and a hot period. in the hot period the effects of dehydration were found to be more severe. the potassium metabolism was more affected than that of the sodium. the concentrations of potassium in the urine declined while those of sodium increased. there were also marked changes in the filtered ...1976985385
[yolk sac development in two-humped camel embryogenesis].the early formed yolk sac is observed in the embryo of camelus bactrianus at the stage of 7 pairs of somites at the age of 22-24 days. the yolk placenta is formed at the stage of 17-22 pairs of somites at the age of 27-28 days. the yolk placenta of the camelus bactrianus is functioning for a long time: during the embryonic and prefetal periods. yolk hemopoiesis lasts from the middle of early embryonic period up to the second half of the late prefetal period. a continuous existance of the yolk sa ...1976987767
studies on the testis of the camel (camelus dromedarius). iii. histochemical observations.the histochemical localization of carbohydrates and lipids and some oxidative, hydrolytic and steroid-linked enzymes has been studied in the testis of the camel with particular reference to the effect of the season on the distribution of these substances. pas-positive, but diastase-resistant, material was seen mainly in the wall of blood vessels and in the boundary tissues of the seminiferous tubules, tubuli recti and rete testis. clear cyclical changes were seen for glycogen in the lining epith ...1976993050
[experimentation in chad with morantel tartrate for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes in the dromedary (camelus dromedarius)]. 19761005846
[contribution of the water buffalo, dromedary, goat and sheep to animal production in warm countries]. 19761006657
plasma monoamine oxidase levels in mammals.plasma monoamine oxidase (mao) levels in ruminants and non-ruminants including man are reported. the mean mao levels in units are, goat 6699.7+/-367.4; cattle 6272.9+/-9.257.4; camel 5166.0+/-666.8; sheep 4831.4+/-543.8; buffaloe 4045.8+/-387.3; rabbit 837.0+/-19.3; dog 441.8+/-55.5 and man 20.0+/-2.8 respectively.19761010643
the role of wild animals in the spread of exotic diseases in australia.the distributions of the following feral animals are given -- cattle, buffalo, pig, goat, deer, camel, horse, donkey, fox, dog and cat -- and the native dingo. the possible role these and the native rodents, marsupials and monotremes would play should an exotic disease of livestock enter australia is discussed. it is considered that feral animals would be important in creating foci from which the disease would spread.19761021109
[collateral ligaments in camel knee joint]. 19761024352
studies on reproduction in camels (camelus dromedarius). vii. the acid and the alkaline phosphatase activities of the seminal plasma. 19761026653
microsporum gypseum infection in a dromedary camel. 19751041647
isolation and structure of an untriakontapeptide with opiate activity from camel pituitary glands.the isolation of an untriakontapeptide from camel pituitary extracts has been described. its structure has been determined and shown to be identical to the sequence of carboxyl-terminal 31 amino acids of ovine beta-lipotropin. the peptide possesses very low lipotropic activity but significant opiate activity.19761063395
service: our beloved camel. 19761074848
proteins of the camel erythrocyte membrane.electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels containing dodecyl sulphate has revealed that the major proteins of the camel erythrocyte membrane are similar to those of the human and bovine species in both electrophoretic mobility and relative abundance. the major difference lies in the major intrinsic membrane protein of molecular weight approx. 100 000. in the camel, this protein has a higher apparent molecular weight than in the human and bovine species. the very high molecular weight water-soluble ...19751096959
b-chain shortening of matrix-bound insulin with pepsin, ii. preparation and properties of camel des-pentapeptide (b26-30)- and des-pheb1-des-pentapeptide (b26-30)- insulin.digestion of matrix-bound camel insulin with pepsin was found to be restricted to the cleavage of the peptide bond between phenylalanine(b25) and tyrosine(b26). purification of the camel des-pentapeptide(b26-30)-insulin obtained was achieved by gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography, yielding a molecularly uniform product. in the same way, camel des-pheb1-insulin prepared according to a method described for bovine insulin was hydrolyzed with pepsin and purified to give the des-pheb1-desp ...19751100508
salivary secretion in the camel. 19751123756
isolation, characterization, and amino acid sequence of melanotropins from camel pituitary glands.the isolation of two beta-melanotropins and two alpha-melanotropins from camel pituitary glands has been described, and their amino acid sequences have been determined. two of them are identified as alpha-melanotropin and deacetylated alpha-melanotropin. there are also two beta-melanotropins whose structures are identical with the bovine hormone except that one has glycine in position 2 and the other glycine in position 2 as well as glutamine in position 8. the melanocyte-stimulating and lipolyt ...19751125179
total synthesis of camel beta-melanotropin by the solid-phase method. 19751125180
studies on reproduction in the camel (camelus dromedarius) v. morphology of the testis in relation to age and season.quantitative and qualitative changes in the morphology of the camel testis were studied in relation to age (6 to 18 years) and season. the diameter of the seminiferous tubules increased up to the age of 9 years. there was little variation in the number of germinal cells (spermatogonia, primary spermatocytes and spermatids) with the advancement of age. the number of spermatozoa increased up to the age of 10 years and decreased thereafter. khe number of sertoli cells was almost constant. significa ...19751127626
glycerol permeability of camel and hamster erythrocytes. 19751132505
male meiosis in camel-flies (raphidioptera; neuropteroidea).male meiosis in 3 species of the raphidioptera genus agulla-- a. bicolor banks, a. astuta (banks), and a. bractea carpenter-- closely parallels that of neuroptera. the diploid complement in each comprises 12 pairs of autosomes plus x and y; all are mediokinetic. one male of a. bicolor carried an extra pair of autosomes indistinguishable from the shortest member of the usual set: these formed a normal bivalent and segregated synchronously with the other autosomes. the spindle is formed by the col ...19751140044
effects of dehydration on body-water distribution in desert kangaroos.the effect of dehydration on the distribution of water in the bodies of two species of desert kangaroos, the red kangaroo megaleia rufa and the euro macropus robustus, has been examined. the volumes of various body-fluid compartments were determined in normally hydrated animals and then after the kangaroos had been dehydrated until body weight declined to 80% of the initial weight. the fluid compartments examined were total body water, plasma volume, intracellular volume (cellular and gut water) ...19751147052
relationship and possible function of the nasal sacs and glands of the one-humped camel, camelus dromedarius.the relationship between the lateral nasal gland and sacs of the maxillary recesses was investigated. the nasal sacs possess a well-defined aperture communicating with the nasal cavities. it was concluded that the sacs and not the body of the gland produce mucous secretions that moisten the inhaled dry air of the desert and may also act as reservoirs. a possible function of the body of the nasal gland is water economy by excretion of concentrated salts.19751155005
carotid body of camelus dromedarius.the carotid body of the camel is located between a mass of loose connective tissue at the point of separation of the internal carotid artery from the carotid trunk. a capsule-like connective tissue sheath sends strands in between the parenchyme of this organ and separates lobes and lobules, making it disseminated in type, as in man and in the horse. two distinct types of cells were found in the parenchyma. type i cells with specific electton-dense, cored vesicles, and type ii cells with protopla ...19751163190
epidemiological and clinical aspects echinococcosis in east iran.three hundred and fifty two cases of hydatid disease were diagnosed in a three year study in eas iran, where the disease is found frequently in rural areas. camel meat is consumed in this region. the offal is given to domestic carnivorous animals, for example sheep dogs, and in these circumstances camels could contribute to the cyclozoonotic spread of the disease. clinical symptoms are briefly mentioned.19751165584
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