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[khurdun virus, a presumably new rna-containing virus associated with coots (fulica atra), isolated in the volga river delta].the prototype strain leiv-ast 01-5 of the unclassified enveloped rna-containing khurdun virus, less than 220 nm in size, which is widely distributed among coots (fulica atra) in the volga river delta, was deposited on november 4, 2004, at the state virus collection (svc # 992). the virus was isolated annually (2001-2004) with a frequency of 2.3-8.5% (mean 6.3%) when examining 348 coots caught in the lower and middle zones of the volga river delta. virological examinations used mixed pools of the ...200516104519
the bird species of kumasir lake (kahramanmaras-turkey) and a view of environmental ethics on sustainable wetland management.kumasir lake is located next to towns of donuklu and fatih, nine km west of kahramanmaras city center the region of east mediterranean, turkey this lake is of crucial importance from the point of native and immigrant birds. we located 17 birdspecies in this area during our observations carried out in the spring and autumn of 2005-2006. these were ciconia ciconia l., anas platyrhynchos l., accipiter nisus l., accipiter brevipes l., fulica atra l., columba palumbus l., merops apiaster l., upupa ep ...200818972701
serologic survey of birds for west nile flavivirus in southern moravia (czech republic).a serosurvey for west nile virus (wnv) was carried out in 54 domestic birds (geese and ducks bred on fishponds) and 391 wild birds representing 28 migratory and resident species, using a plaque-reduction neutralization microtest with vero cells and egyptian topotype eg-101 strain as test virus. the birds were sampled in the south-moravian fishpond ecosystem between 2004 and 2006. antibodies to wnv were not detected in domestic waterfowl, but 23 (5.9%) free-living birds of 10 species showed a pos ...200818454599
seroconversion in wild birds and local circulation of west nile virus, spain.a serosurvey for neutralizing antibodies against west nile virus (wnv) in common coots (fulica atra) was conducted in doñana, spain. antibody prevalence was highest in 2003, intermediate in 2004, and lowest in 2005. some birds seroreverted <1 year after first capture. seroconversion of birds suggests local circulation of the virus.200718258046
[isolation of highly pathogenic avian influenza (hpai) a/5h5n1 strains from wild birds in the epizootic outbreak on the ubsu-nur lake (june 2006) and their incorporation to the russian federation state collection of viruses (july 3, 2006)].virological and molecular genetic studies of the field material collected in the epicenter of epizooty with high mortality rates among the wild birds on the coast of the ubsu-nur lake (republic of tyva, 51 degrees nl, 93 degrees el, june 2006) revealed the etiological role of highly pathogenic avian influenza (hpai) h5n1. seven hpai/h5n1 strains were isolated from the tracheal/cloacal swabs of clinically healthy, ill and recently dead great-crested grebes (podiceps cristatus), cormorants (phalac ...200617214076
[molecular virological monitoring of newcastle disease virus strains (paramyxoviridae, avulavirus) in the populations of wild birds in the volga estuary (the 2001 data)].the paper analyzes the results of isolation of newcastle disease virus (ndv) strains from 336 swaps of 31 wild bird species collected in the 2001 summer in the volga estuary (astrakhan region). twenty-seven ndv strains were isolated from little terns (sterna albifrons) (n=11; infection rate, 24.4%), great cormorants (phalacrocorax carbo) (n=6; 11.1%), coots (fulica atra) (n=8; 6.5%), sandwich terns (sterna sandvicensis) (n=1; 100%), and common redshanks (tringa totanus) (n=1; 50.0%). four strain ...200617087063
eye preference for vigilance during feeding in coot fulica atra, and geese anser anser and anser cygnoides.most research in avian brain lateralisation has been done using birds under laboratory conditions rather than natural settings. i studied eye preference during feeding in coot and geese when head position only allows use of one eye for vigilance. birds regularly interrupt feeding to be vigilant. this behaviour is directed towards detecting predators. recently, evidence was found that birds might perform some kind of "low-cost" vigilance even during feeding. because coot and geese often turn thei ...200516323263
comparative skeletal muscle fibre morphometry among wild birds with different locomotor behaviour.six muscles of the mallard duck (anas platyrhynchos), the common coot (fulica atra) and the yellow-legged gull (larus cachinnans) were analysed morphometrically, with special emphasis on their functional implications and physiological needs. oxidative fibres always had significantly smaller size than anaerobic fibres, although no differences in the number of capillaries per fibre were found. this resulted in greater capillary counts per unit of fibre area and perimeter in oxidative than anaerobi ...19989643422
salmonellae in gulls and other free-living birds in the czech republic.cloacal swabs, collected from 756 wild synanthropic and exoanthropic birds of 57 species in the czech republic, yielded 32 strains of salmonella typhimurium [phage types (pt) 141, 104 and 41], six isolates of s. enteritidis (pt 8, 4 and 6e), and one each of s. panama and s. anatum. except for one s. enteritidis isolate from a grey-lag goose (anser anser) and one s. typhimurium isolate from a coot (fulica atra), all of the other strains were derived from black-headed gulls (larus ridibundus), of ...19957787820
[characterization of campylobacter spp. from wild birds].bacteria of the genus campylobacter were isolated from 28 rooks (corvus frugilegus), 1 red kite (milvus milvus), 1 lapwing (vanellus vanellus), 1 coot (fulica atra), 1 common moorhen (gallinula chloropus) and 1 northern mallard (anas platyrhynchos). altogether, c. jejuni biovar 1, was isolated 19x, c. jejuni biovar 2 8x and c. coli 5x. among c. jejuni biovar 1 and 2 there were 5 isolates tolerating a content of 1.5% nacl in the medium. h2s proof of 3 c. jejuni biovar 2 and 1 c. coli isolates res ...19892930449
organochlorine contamination in bird's eggs from the danube delta.in this study we report the levels of organochlorine compounds in eggs of aquatic birds from the danube delta, a major european wetland. the eggs were collected in 1997 and belonged to the following species: the mallard (anas platyrhynchos), the greylag goose (anser anser), the mute swan (cygnus olor), the coot (fulica atra), the glossy ibis (plegadis falcinellus), the spoonbill (platalea leucorodia), the little egret (egretta garzetta), the night heron (nycticorax nycticorax), the grey heron (a ...200015092913
prevalence of chlamydia psittaci and other chlamydia species in wild birds in poland.avian chlamydiosis is a zoonotic disease occurring in humans, poultry, and exotic birds. it has been suggested that some wild bird species play an important role as reservoirs for chlamydia, especially chlamydia psittaci. whereas c. psittaci is the predominant chlamydial agent in birds, in the present study we have determined the prevalence of different species of chlamydia among selected wild bird species in poland using a rapid and sensitive real-time pcr method. in total, 369 free-living bird ...201526501593
concentration of lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic in leg skeletal muscles of three species of wild birds.the aim of this study was to monitor accumulation of lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic in leg skeletal muscle of some wild birds from selected areas of slovakia and the correlations among the heavy metals. a total of 160 wild birds representing 3 species-eurasian coot (fulica atra) (n = 24), mallard (anas platyrhynchos) (n = 68) and pheasant (phasianus colchicus) (n = 68) were involved for analyses. concentrations of heavy metals from samples were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotome ...201020397088
biological and genetic characterization of a low-pathogenicity avian influenza h6n2 virus originating from a healthy eurasian coot.influenza a virus, a/eurasian coot/western australia/2727/79 (h6n2), from an apparently healthy coot was characterized. this virus was able to grow on mdck cells and produce a cytopathic effect in the absence of exogenous trypsin and was further characterized as a low-pathogenicity avian influenza virus, with an intravenous pathogenicity index of 0.15 and a (321)pqaetrg(328) motif at the cleavage site of the haemagglutinin gene. it infected domestic chickens, resulting in seroconversion and inte ...201020112121
cross-species chromosome painting corroborates microchromosome fusion during karyotype evolution of birds.the stone curlew, also known as thick-knee (burhinus oedicnemus, boe), represents a phylogenetically young species of the shorebirds (charadriiformes) that exhibits one of the most atypical genome organizations known within the class of aves, due to an extremely low diploid number (2n = 42) and only 6 pairs of microchromosomes in its complement. this distinct deviation from the 'typical' avian karyotype is attributed to repeated fusions of ancestral microchromosomes. in order to compare differen ...201020068299
[surveillance of wild birds for avian influenza a virus (aiv) in bavaria in the years 2007 and 2008].a monitoring programme has been initiated in bavaria to continuously control wild birds for the presence of avian influenza a virus (aiv) and to monitor the possible occurrence and accumulation of notifiable aiv subtypes as an early-warning system. in addition information about the regional, seasonal and species-specific distribution of aiv could be obtained. between july 2007 and december 2008 samples from 5864 wild birds of twelve different zoological orders had been collected (cloacal- and tr ...200919999383
detection of antibodies to alphaviruses and flaviviruses in some migratory birds of the danube delta.data are reported on the presence of antibodies to some group a(alphavirus) b(flavivirus) arboviruses in 8 species of migratory birds (ardea cinerea, plegadis falcinellus, anas querquedula, anser albifrons, gavia arctica, fulica atra, larus minutes and and phalacrocorax corbo) of the danube delta.1978676070
avian influenza in wild waterfowl and shorebirds in the donana national park: serological survey using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.the indirect elisa was used to detect antibodies to influenzavirus a in the sera of wildfowl from the donana national park. of the 712 birds examined, 44 (6.2%) were seropositive. positive birds belonged to 10 of the 13 species studied. infection rates varied widely: spoonbill (platalea leucorodia, 32.2%), mallard (anas platyrhynchos, 9.9%), gadwall (anas strepera, 8.6%), red-crested pochard (netta rufina, 8.1%), pochard (aythya ferina, 6.4%), shoveler (anas clypeata, 5%), great crested grebe (p ...199418671098
serosurvey of west nile virus and other flaviviruses of the japanese encephalitis antigenic complex in birds from andalusia, southern spain.abstract flaviviruses of the japanese encephalitis virus (jev) antigenic complex, including west nile virus (wnv), are recognized as emerging and reemerging pathogens. circulation of flaviviruses has been recently detected in different mosquito and vertebrate species in several european countries. a serosurvey study was carried out to evaluate the circulation of wnv and other flaviviruses of the jev antigenic complex in different wild bird species in spain between 2006 and 2009. seropositiviy ag ...201021142954
differences in food assimilation between two coot species assessed with stable isotopes and particle size in faeces: linking physiology and conservation.the red-knobbed coot fulica cristata experienced a dramatic population decline in spain, where the common coot f. atra does not face conservation problems. this is puzzling because both species have similar ecologies. it has been suggested that habitat alterations affected the quality of food plants, and this impacted differentially both coots. to verify this, we conducted experiments to determine the assimilation efficiency of both species in relation to food quality. two types of diets differi ...200818222102
metabolic fates of yolk lipid and individual fatty acids during embryonic development of the coot and moorhen.there is currently little information regarding the metabolic fates of yolk lipid and individual fatty acids during embryonic development of free-living avian species. here we report the pattern of lipid utilization during embryonic development of the coot (fulica atra) and the moorhen (gallinula chloropus), two related species producing precocial offspring from eggs with a distinctive fatty acid composition and with an incubation period similar to that of the chicken. by the time of hatching, t ...200717287138
effects of lead exposure on oxidative stress biomarkers and plasma biochemistry in waterbirds in the field.medina lagoon in andalusia has one of the highest densities of spent lead (pb) shot in europe. blood samples from waterbirds were collected in 2006-2008 to measure pb concentration (pbb), d-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (alad), oxidative stress biomarkers and plasma biochemistry. pbb above background levels (>20 µg/dl) was observed in 19% (n=59) of mallards (anas platyrhynchos) and in all common pochards (aythya ferina) (n=4), but common coots (fulica atra) (n=37) and moorhens (gallinula chlor ...201121411076
identifying sources of pb exposure in waterbirds and effects on porphyrin metabolism using noninvasive fecal sampling.waterbird feces (mainly mallard anas platyrhynchos and coot fulica atra) were collected from four wetlands in southern spain in the field or during capture (n = 558 and n = 59, respectively) to study lead (pb) shot ingestion. lead and aluminum (al) concentrations along with pb isotope signatures were used to identify sources of pb exposure. the profile and concentrations of porphyrins and biliverdin in feces were used as biomarkers of toxicological effects. feces with pb concentrations ôëñ 34 ++ ...201121682282
occurrence of yeasts in cloacae of migratory birds.several species of yeast have been reported as pathogens in humans based on increases in immunodeficiency syndromes and as a result of immunosuppressant chemotherapy in cancer treatment. domestic and wild birds are known to act as carriers of human pathogenic fungi. to gain additional information on the yeasts present in the cloacae of some species of migratory birds, 421 wild birds (24.39% out of 1726 birds caught in romania, hungary and bulgaria) were sampled with the permission of the local j ...200616552486
west nile virus monitoring in migrating and resident water birds in iran: are common coots the main reservoirs of the virus in wetlands?a molecular and serological study was carried out to determine the west nile virus (wnv) status in different species of wild water birds. from 2003 to 2007, samples were collected from 519 birds representing 26 different species in iran. out of 519 serum samples tested for wnv antibodies, 78 (15%) were positive when tested using virus neutralization and immunofluorescence. antibodies of wnv were detected in 71 out of 131 common coot (fulica atra) samples. in comparison, only 7 out of 388 birds t ...201121923253
[helminths of birds and mammals from israel. vi. the taxonomy and ecology of trichostrongylid nematodes (author's transl)].thirteen species of trichostronglyloid nematodes have so far been recorded from wild birds and mammals in israel and surrounding territories. three species were found in birds: amidostomum fulicae (rudolphi, 1819) in fulica atra l., 1758, a. acutum (lundahl, 1848) in anas crecca l., 1758 and amidostomum sp. in ceryle rudis l., 1758. ten species, 3 of which are new, were found in small mammals: trichostrongylus colubriformis (giles, 1892) in hystrix indica kerr, 1792; tenorastrongylus josephi n. ...1975776059
ultrasonic synthetic technique to manufacture a phema nanopolymeric-based vaccine against the h6n2 avian influenza virus: a preliminary investigation.this preliminary study investigated the use of poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (phema) nanoparticles for the delivery of the deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) vaccine pcag-hak, which expresses the full length hemagglutinin (ha) gene of the avian influenza a/eurasian coot/western australian/2727/1979 (h6n2) virus with a kozak sequence which is in the form of a pcaggs vector. the loaded and unloaded nanoparticles were characterized using field-emission scanning electron microscopy. further characteri ...201122114480
[distribution of trematodes of the family prosthogonimidae in river and lake ecological systems in the south of the western siberia].the results of long-term investigations (1994-2003) of an infection rate of trematodes of the family prosthogonimidae in the first intermediate hosts (snails of the family bithyniidae) and in the final hosts (birds) from a basin of the chany lake (western siberia) are discussed. a total of 1824 specimens of bithynia tentaculata (l., 1758) and 7166 specimens of opisthorchophorus troscheli (paasch, 1842) have been collected from eight rivers and two lakes in the south of the western siberia. data ...200515810558
serological evidence of west nile virus infection in wild migratory and resident water birds in eastern and northern india.to assess west nile virus (wnv) infection in wild resident and migratory birds, we tested 3887 samples from 1784 birds belonging to 119 identified species within 30 families collected during 2008-10 from 13 states in india. the serum samples were tested for wnv antibodies initially by a competition elisa and subsequently by a micro-plaque reduction neutralization test (micro-prnt), whereas tracheal and cloacal swabs were subjected to real-time rt-pcr for the detection of the wnv rna. twenty six ...201222925932
the role of aquatic birds in the environmental dissemination of human pathogenic giardia duodenalis cysts and cryptosporidium oocysts in hungary.fecal samples were taken from 132 (103 wild and 29 domestic) aquatic birds on selected areas in hungary from february 2008 to march 2008. cryptosporidium oocysts and giardia cysts were purified from the samples and were viewed via fluorescent antibody staining. molecular detection tools, such as pcr-sequencing and loop mediated isothermal amplification (lamp) were used in order to determine the cryptosporidium species and giardia duodenalis assemblages present. all together 6 (5.8%) and 6 (5.8%) ...200919446039
Community composition of aquatic birds in lakes of Bangalore, India.Observations were made on the occurrence, abundance, richness, and diversity of waterbirds in 15 major lakes in Bangalore city during 2008 - 2009. During the study period 35 species of aquatic birds were recorded. The number of aquatic bird species recorded at various lakes ranged from 23 to 35. The percent abundance of waterbirds recorded in the study lakes ranged from 2.46 to 21.49 and itwas significantly different (p < 0.05). The diversity and species evenness of waterbirds in the lakes range ...201121888236
[distribution of cestodes among domestic ducks and free-living aquatic birds].in 1959-1975, 3404 water birds of 18 species belonging to six orders were examined for the presence of cestodes. the birds came from 52 localities (ponds) in bohemia and moravia where domestic ducks were kept by the state fishery and where also wild water fowl occurred. cestodes of 31 species of the families hymenolepididae, dilepididae, amabiliidae and diploposthidae were found. the total number of examined birds included 2476 domestic ducks (1406 of them, i. e. 56.8%, were positive for cestode ...19836407178
extraordinary mhc class ii b diversity in a non-passerine, wild bird: the eurasian coot fulica atra (aves: rallidae).the major histocompatibility complex (mhc) hosts the most polymorphic genes ever described in vertebrates. the mhc triggers the adaptive branch of the immune response, and its extraordinary variability is considered an evolutionary consequence of pathogen pressure. the last few years have witnessed the characterization of the mhc multigene family in a large diversity of bird species, unraveling important differences in its polymorphism, complexity, and evolution. here, we characterize the first ...201424683452
the common coot as sentinel species for the presence of west nile and usutu flaviviruses in central europe.we examined 146 common coots (fulica atra) on fishponds in central moravia, czech republic, for antibodies to west nile (wnv) and usutu (usuv) flaviviruses. eighteen birds reacted in the plaque-reduction neutralization test against wnv; these wnv seropositive samples were then titrated in parallel against usuv and tick-borne encephalitis virus (tbev) to exclude flavivirus cross-reactivity. two birds (1.4% overall) had the highest titers against wnv while 9 birds (6.2% overall) were seropositive ...201526412536
[serological monitoring of arbovirus infections in the estuary of the kuban river (the 2006-2007 data)].solid-phase enzyme immunoassay, neutralization test, and the hemagglutination-inhibition test were used to study the sera from human beings (152 samples), agricultural animals (n = 77), hares (n = 3), and wild birds (n = 69), collected in 2006-2007 in the kuban river estuary (temryuk district, krasnodar territory). there were specific antibodies against viruses of west nile (wh), tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) (flaviviridae, flavivirus), sindbis (togaviridae, alphavirus), the antigenic complex of ...200818756814
[rhinonyssid mites (gamasoidea : rhinonyssidae), parasites of rails in the area of the lenkoran wintering site].in birds of the order ralliformes inhabiting the southwestern part of the caspian sea there were found four species of mites of the family rhinonyssidae, parasites of the nasal cavity: sternostoma fulicae fain et bafort and rallinyssus caudistigmus strandtmann in fulica atra l., r. caspicus sp. n. in gallinula chloropus (l.), r. gallinulae fain in porphyrio polyocephalus (lath.).1976133322
serological investigations concerning the presence of antibodies to arboviruses in wild birds.serum samples from 8 species of migratory birds (ardea cinerea, plegadis falcinellus, anas querquedula, anser albifrons, gavia arctica, fulica atra, phalacrocorax carbo, larus minutus) were tested for the presence of hemagglutination-inhibiting (hai) antibodies to alpha- and flaviviruses. hai antibodies to alphaviruses (eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, sindbis, middelburg, semliki forest) ranging in titer from 1/20 to 1/160 were detected in 46 serum samples; 22 serum sam ...19846710861
free-living waterfowl as a source of zoonotic bacteria in a dense wild bird population area in northeastern spain.salmonella spp. and campylobacter spp. are zoonotic bacteria that represent an economic and public health concern worldwide. due to the difficulty to collect samples from free-living waterfowl, little is known on their importance as a reservoir of zoonotic agents. thus, a study was conducted to determine the prevalence, genotypic diversity and antimicrobial susceptibility of salmonella and campylobacter from waterfowl in ebro delta (northeastern spain), a geographical area with a dense wild bird ...201524112278
molecular detection and genotypic characterization of toxoplasma gondii in wild waterfowls in jilin province, northeastern china.toxoplasma gondii can infect almost warm-blooded animals, including humans. limited information about t. gondii infection in wild waterfowls is available in china. the present study was conducted to determine prevalence and genotype t. gondii infection in 11 wild waterfowl species in jilin province, northeastern china. a total of 249 wild waterfowls were sampled between april and july 2013 from jilin province, and the tissue samples were collected for the detection of t. gondii by a semi-nested ...201526292258
histopathology of liver and kidneys of wild living mallards anas platyrhynchos and coots fulica atra with considerable concentrations of lead and cadmium.concentrations of cadmium and lead were measured in liver and kidneys of mallard (n=60) and coot (n=50). free living birds were collected by hunters in years 2006-2008 in the area of fishponds near zator in southern poland. age group was determined according to the appearance of the plumage (mallards) and iris color (coot). concentrations of metals were measured with et-aa spectrometer. among all birds specimens with negligible (n=5) and high concentrations (mallards n=18 and coots n=17) of cadm ...201323500832
presence of plastic particles in waterbirds faeces collected in spanish lakes.plastic intake by marine vertebrates has been widely reported, but information about its presence in continental waterfowl is scarce. here we analyzed faeces of waterbirds species (european coot, fulica atra, mallard, anas platyrhynchos and shelduck, tadorna tadorna) for plastic debris in five wetlands in central spain. we collected 89 faeces of shelduck distributed in four lakes, 43.8% of them presented plastic remnants. sixty percent of 10 faeces of european coot and 45% of 40 faeces of mallar ...201727667676
new records of digenean flukes (trematoda) in birds in poland.eleven new records of digenean species are reported in birds in poland, i.e. tylodelphys immer found in gavia stellata, strigea vanderbrokae in pernis apivorus, echinostoma academica in numenius arquata, echinochasmus euryporus in buteo buteo, patagifer parvispinosus and petasiger grandivesicularis in tachybaptus ruficollis, notocotyloides petasatus in calidris alpina, plagiorchis arcuatus in corvus cornix, leyogonimus polyoon in gallinula chloropus and fulica atra, lyperosomum alaudae in sylvia ...201020450011
Serosurveillance for Japanese encephalitis virus in wild birds captured in Korea.Climate change induced by recent global warming may have a significant impact on vector-borne and zoonotic diseases. For example, the distribution of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) has expanded into new regions. We surveyed the levels of hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) antibodies against JEV (Family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus) in wild birds captured in Korea. Blood samples were collected from 1,316 wild birds including the following migratory birds: Oceanodroma castro (n = 4), Anas formo ...201122122903
surveillance for avian influenza virus in wild birds in poland, 2008-15.we tested wild birds in poland during 2008-15 for avian influenza virus (aiv). we took 10,312 swabs and feces samples from 6,314 live birds representing 12 orders and 84 bird species, mostly from orders anseriformes and charadriiformes, for testing and characterization by various pcr methods. from pcr-positive samples, we attempted to isolate and subtype the virus. the rna of aiv was detected in 1.8% (95% confidence interval [ci], 1.5-2.1%) of birds represented by 48 mallards ( anas platyrhyncho ...201728094608
comparison of the metal concentrations in organs of two bird species from western of iran.this study was conducted to measure the concentration of several elements (cd, pb, cu, and zn) in organs of coot, fulica atra, and mallard, anas platyrhynchos, in order to: (1) determine the significant between metal concentrations in different organs (kidney, liver, pectoral muscle, and feather), (2) to evaluate species differences in metal exposure and accumulation, and (3) to study gender-related trends in metal accumulation. the metal concentrations in organs of f. atra and a. platyrhynchos ...201424584267
total and organic mercury in liver, kidney and muscle of waterbirds from wetlands of the caspian sea, iran.we measured and compared total and organic mercury in liver, kidney, and muscle of the great cormorant (phalacrocorax carbo), mallard (anas platyrhynchos), and coot (fulica atra) from the caspian sea wetlands in iran. for the great cormorant organic mercury in liver, kidney and muscle comprised 82 %, 79 % and 58 % of total mercury. in the mallard same values were 46 %, 54 %, and 64 %. for coot total mercury was: 0.1 ± 0.0, 0.1 ± 0.01, 0.03 ± 0.01 in liver kidney and muscle respectively. we detec ...201222527004
[the development of the cranium of fulica atra l]. 19694896812
isolation of yucaipa-like avian paramyxoviruses from migrating coots (fulica atra) wintering in israel.two hemagglutinating (ha) agents were isolated from coots (fulica atra). one of them was isolated from a brain specimen, the specimens being taken from 8 dead birds. the other one was isolated from a tracheal swab, the tracheal and cloacal swabs being taken from 47 apparently healthy birds. both the agents were identified as yucaipa-like avian paramyxoviruses (pmv-2) by means of ha inhibition (hi) and neuraminidase (nase) inhibition (ni) tests. this is the third species of feral birds and the se ...19827164633
[isolation of tickborne encephalitis virus from moor hen (fulica atra)]. 196013832382
timing of current reproduction directly affects future reproductive output in european coots.life-history theory suggests that the variation in the seasonal timing of reproduction within populations may be explained on the basis of individual optimization. optimal breeding times would vary between individuals as a result of trade-offs between fitness components. the existence of such trade-offs has seldom been tested empirically. we experimentally investigated the consequences of altered timing of current reproduction for future reproductive output in the european coot (fulica atra). fi ...200211930892
the first case of a major avian type c botulism outbreak in poland.major outbreaks of avian type c botulism have been rarely reported from central europe. in this paper, we report the first severe outbreak of avian type c botulism in poland. in 2011-12, two epizootics caused by clostridium botulinum took place at jeziorsko dam reservoir and affected an estimated number of 5500 birds in 2011 and 1600 birds in 2012. in total, 24 species ofwaterbirds were affected, including mainly waterfowl (37.0%), shorebirds (27.0%), rallids (25.7%), and larids (9.1%). mallards ...201425518447
central european parasitic flatworms of the cyclocoelidae stossich, 1902 (trematoda: plagiorchiida): molecular and comparative morphological analysis suggests the reclassification of cyclocoelum obscurum (leidy, 1887) into the harrahium witenberg, 1926.cyclocoelidae stossich, 1902 are medium-sized to large digenean bird parasites. although these parasites bear few visible autapomorphic signs, and their diagnostic characters are unstable in response to the pressure applied during preparation, the numerous hitherto suggested re-classifications within the family have not been supported by any molecular analysis. we analyse here cyclocoelids found during the extensive examination of central european birds performed from 1962 to 2016, provide compa ...201727831461
morphologic and molecular characteristics of sarcocystis atraii n. sp. (apicomplexa: sarcocystidae) infecting the common coot (fulica atra) from egypt.a single morphologic type of sarcocystis cysts found in two out of 43 examined common coots, fulica atra, is considered to represent a new species for which the name sarcocystis atraii n. sp. is proposed and its description is provided. coots were hunted from the vicinity of brolos lake located at kafrelsheikh province, egypt. the structural morphology of the revealed sarcocysts was described using light and transmission electron microscopy. sarcocysts were found in the leg and thigh muscles. th ...201526408592
the complete mitochondrial genome of fulica atra (avian, gruiformes, rallidae).to analyze the gene structure and the evolutionary roadmap of fulica atra, the complete mitogenome is sequenced. it is composed of 37 genes and 1 control region, and the structure and arrangement of all genes are identical to other rallidae. the comparative mitogenome revealed that the start codon and stop codon varied in rallidae, and the gene lengths are different in nd2, cox1, nd3, nd5 and cytb due to incompleteness of stop codon, frameshift mutation and various numbers of amino acids. we ana ...201625758044
[the khurdun virus (khurv): a new representative of the orthobunyavirus (bunyaviridae)].unidentified khurdun virus (khurv) was isolated in 2001 from coot (fulica atra, linnaeus, 1758) in the volga river delta (astrakhan region, russian federation). here we report that the khuv genome was de novo sequenced (on illumina platform) and the khurv was classified as a novel prototypic bunyavirus. the khurv genome comprises three negative-sense rna segments (l, m, and s); its terminal nucleotide sequences are canonical for the orthobunyavirus genus. based on the results of the molecular-ge ...201624354059
[on some morphological peculiarities and abnormalities in species of the genus diorchis clerc, 1903 (cestoda) from the host fulica atra]. 19685666262
on eimerian oocysts from the purple moorhen (porphyrio porphyrio l.) and the coot (fulica atra atra). a preliminary study. 19675626290
antibody studies in coots (fulica atra) to russian spring-summer encephalitis (cee) virus in the netherlands. the behaviour of this virus in experimentally inoculated coots. 196113777393
coots fulica atra reduce their vigilance under increased competition.birds frequently interrupt feeding to scan their surrounding environment. usually an inverse correlation between scan rate and flock size exists. the 'many-eyes' hypothesis suggests that more eyes are able to detect a predator earlier. due to the 'dilution-effect' animals in larger groups experience 'safety in numbers', while the 'scramble competition' hypothesis suggests that individuals reduce their vigilance in larger groups since they compete for a limited amount of scarce resources. here, i ...200515686827
[sense organs on palps and fore tarsi of gamasid mites (parasitiformes, rhinonyssidae), parasites of the nasal cavity of the great tit, the rock dove, and the eurasian coot].the main sensory organs (the palpal organ and the tarsal sensory complex) were examined by scanning electron microscopy method in parasites of the nasal cavity of the great tit parus major (ptilonyssus sairae, ptilonyssus pari), the rock dove columba livia (mesonyssus melloi), and the eurasian coot fulica atra (rallinyssus caudistigmus). it was shown that differences in the topography of sensilla within the tarsal complex correspond to the taxonomic relations between species and genera, whereas ...201223458012
highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (h5n8) clade 2.3.4.4 infection in migratory birds, egypt.we isolated highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (h5n8) of clade 2.3.4.4 from the common coot (fulica atra) in egypt, documenting its introduction into africa through migratory birds. this virus has a close genetic relationship with subtype h5n8 viruses circulating in europe. enhanced surveillance to detect newly emerging viruses is warranted.201728518040
first report of (homo)anatoxin-a and dog neurotoxicosis after ingestion of benthic cyanobacteria in the netherlands.in april and may 2011, three dogs died and one dog became ill after swimming in lake ijmeer (the netherlands). at the time, the lake was infested with the benthic cyanobacterial species phormidium. a eurasian coot (fulica atra) and a black-headed gull (chroicocephalus ridibundus) also died near lake ijmeer in the same period. one of the dogs and both birds were subjected to a pathological investigation. furthermore, the phormidium mat; algal samples from the dikes; contents of the animals' diges ...201222534073
environmental and biological monitoring of persistent organic pollutants in waterbirds by non-invasive versus invasive sampling.three main groups of persistent organic pollutants (pops); namely organochlorine pesticides (ocps), polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs) and polybrominated diphenylethers (pbdes) were quantified in water and sediment samples, as well as in various invasive and non-invasive samples from waterbirds in the büyük menderes river (bmr). liver and muscle tissues, blood, and preen gland oil samples of yellow-legged gull (larus michahellis) and euroasian coot (fulica atra) were collected both from the origin ...201424503014
interspecies differences in mixed function oxidase activity in birds: relationship between feeding habits, detoxication activities and organochlorine accumulation.the relationship between feeding habits and interspecies differences in the detoxication ability of the mixed function oxidase (mfo) system was investigated in birds. the role of mfo (particularly aldrin epoxidase activity) in the detoxication/bioaccumulation of organochlorines was also investigated. euriphagic (yellow-legged herring gull (larus cachinnans), black-headed gull (larus ridibundus), jackdaw (corvus monedula), magpie (pica pica) and stenophagic (cormorant (phalacrocorax carbo), coot ...199515091496
heavy metals in some species of waterfowl of northern italy.concentrations of heavy metals (zinc, copper, cadmium, and iron) were measured in several tissues (brain, gizzard, leg-muscle, heart, breast-muscle, intestine, liver and kidney) of moorhens (gallinula chloropus), black-headed gulls (larus ridibundus), and coots (fulica atra) collected between autumn 1985 and spring 1989 in northern italy. cadmium concentrations in the liver and kidney of water-rails (rallus aquaticus) and in five species of anatidae collected also were measured. high mean (+/- s ...19957563424
systemic collapse of a host-parasite trematode network associated with wetland birds in europe.as host community diversity decreases, parasite diversity may also decline. the life cycles of trematodes involve multiple hosts from different orders, with many trematodes displaying narrow host specialization. in the 1960s and 2010s, we performed full-body necropsies of juvenile or first-year birds of four wetland bird species, anas platyrhynchos, aythya fuligula, fulica atra, and chroicocephalus ridibundus which originated from the southern czech republic, and examined them for the presence o ...202032088756
detection of bordetella avium by taqman real-time pcr in tracheal swabs from wildlife birds.bordetella avium, the causing agent of bordetellosis, a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract in young poultry, causes significant losses in poultry farming throughout the world. wildlife birds can be a reservoir of various pathogens that infect farm animals. for this reason the studies were conducted to estimate the prevalence of bordetella avium in wildlife birds in poland. tracheal swab samples were collected from 650 birds representing 27 species. the bacterial dna was isolate ...201728525340
ducks change wintering patterns due to changing climate in the important wintering waters of the odra river estuary.some species of birds react to climate change by reducing the distance they travel during migration. the odra river estuary in the baltic sea is important for wintering waterfowl and is where we investigated how waterbirds respond to freezing surface waters. the most abundant birds here comprise two ecological groups: bottom-feeders and piscivores. numbers of all bottom-feeders, but not piscivores, were negatively correlated with the presence of ice. with ongoing global warming, this area is inc ...201728785517
metal pollution in biotic and abiotic samples of the büyük menderes river, turkey.the büyük menderes river (bmr) is one of the largest rivers in turkey. this river irrigates efficient farmlands and includes tributaries of other rivers and streams and many populated towns within its limits in the ege region. both the estuary and işıklı lake serve as a sanctuary for various waterbirds. therefore, the bmr plays a critical role both for the inhabitants and for the ecosystem organisms in its environs. in the present study, we analyzed levels of metals including iron, barium, zinc, ...201726971518
waterbird counts on large water bodies: comparing ground and aerial methods during different ice conditions.the aerial and ground methods of counting birds in a coastal area during different ice conditions were compared. ice coverage of water was an important factor affecting the results of the two methods. when the water was ice-free, more birds were counted from the ground, whereas during ice conditions, higher numbers were obtained from the air. the first group of waterbirds with the smallest difference between the two methods (average 6%) contained seven species: mute swan cygnus olor, whooper swa ...201830038859
meteorological factors affecting the risk of transmission of hpai in miyazaki, japan.highly pathogenic avian influenza (hpai) outbreaks engender a severe economic impact on the poultry industry and public health. migratory waterfowl are considered the natural hosts of hpai virus, and hpai viruses are known to be transmitted over long distances during seasonal bird migration. bird migration is greatly affected by the weather. many studies have shown the relationship between either autumn or spring bird migration and climate. however, few studies have shown the relationship betwee ...201931565229
feathers of three waterfowl bird species from northern iran for heavy metals biomonitoring.waterbirds are considered the effective sentinels of aquatic ecosystems contamination and their feathers are widely used as non-destructive biological tools for contaminant biomonitoring. in this work, we measure and evaluate the concentrations of lead, copper and zinc in the breast feathers of three species namely fulica atra, anas crecca and anas platyrhynchos in the wetland national park boujagh. levels of lead (pb), copper (cu) and zinc (zn) were below the threshold that causes sub-lethal an ...202032333043
botulism in wild birds and changes in environmental habitat: a relationship to be considered.any human activity, even if aimed at the improvement of a natural area, can potentially affect wildlife, leading to possible short-term or long-term changes due to the human-wildlife interaction. in this study, a botulism outbreak which occurred in waterfowl in a nature reserve after a conservative environmental action is reported. more than 180 different species of wild birds, including seventy waterfowl species, live in the area. the wildlife reserve rangers built an artificial pond equipped w ...201931779284
morphological characteristics of the oropharyngeal cavity (tongue, palate and laryngeal entrance) in the eurasian coot (fulica atra, linnaeus, 1758).the present study represents the first definitive anatomical description of the oropharyngeal cavity of the coot fulica atra. for this purpose, the organs of six birds were prepared to examine grossly and by sem and stereomicroscope. the oval lingual apex had multiple overlapping branched acicular processes on its anterior and lateral border. the lingual apex and body had multiple caudally directed filiform-like papillae. by stereomicroscopy, the lingual root had a characteristic appearance and ...201728543621
changes in distribution of waterbirds following prolonged drought reflect habitat availability in coastal and inland regions.provision of suitable habitat for waterbirds is a major challenge for environmental managers in arid and semiarid regions with high spatial and temporal variability in rainfall. it is understood in broad terms that to survive waterbirds must move according to phases of wet-dry cycles, with coastal habitats providing drought refugia and inland wetlands used during the wet phase. however, both inland and coastal wetlands are subject to major anthropogenic pressures, and the various species of wate ...201627777739
serologic evidence of west nile virus and usutu virus infections in eurasian coots in the netherlands.west nile virus (wnv) and usutu virus (usuv) are arboviruses that are maintained in enzootic transmission cycles between mosquitoes and birds and are occasionally transmitted to mammals. as arboviruses are currently expanding their geographic range and emerging in often unpredictable locations, surveillance is considered an important element of preparedness. to determine whether sera collected from resident and migratory birds in the netherlands as part of avian influenza surveillance would also ...201728688117
avifauna conservation and disturbance ecology in a coastal freshwater lagoon.this work was developed in barrinha de mira coastal lagoon, portugal. the lagoon belongs to the natura 2000 network. its main objectives were to monitor aquatic bird species before, during, and after a desorption intervention on this lagoon. monitoring of waterfowl was carried out to evaluate the monthly variation of birds in barrinha, in order to obtain useful information for region's management and planning, as well as for species preservation. in experimental design, it was decided to perform ...201830219949
multiple introductions of reassorted highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (h5n8) clade 2.3.4.4b causing outbreaks in wild birds and poultry in egypt.recently, an increased incidence of outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (hpai) h5n8 in poultry linked to infected migratory birds has been reported from different european, asian and african countries. in egypt, incursion of hpai h5n8 virus of clade 2.3.4.4b has been recently registered. full genomic characterization of 3 virus isolates from wild birds and poultry (backyard and commercial farm sectors) showed high nucleotide similarity among the ha, na, m, and ns gene segments of the ...201829248796
developmental mechanisms underlying webbed foot morphological diversity in waterbirds.the webbed feet of waterbirds are morphologically diverse and classified into four types: the palmate foot, semipalmate foot, totipalmate foot, and lobate foot. to understand the developmental mechanisms underlying this morphological diversity, we conducted a series of comparative analyses. ancestral state reconstruction based on phylogeny assumed that the lobate feet possessed by the common coot and little grebe arose independently, perhaps through distinct developmental mechanisms. gremlin1, w ...202032415088
redescription of quasiamidostomum fulicae (rudolphi, 1819) lomakin, 1991 (nematoda: amidostomatidae), a parasite of fulica atra (gruiformes).quasiamidostomum fulicae (rudolphi, 1819) lomakin, 1991, is a species of which the systematic position is still unclear, and it is reported in the literature under many synonyms. in the present study, an attempt has been made at establishing the ultimate systematic position of quasiamidostomum fulicae against the backdrop of selected amidostomatinae species.202032258805
phylogenetic analysis and karyotype evolution in two species of core gruiformes: aramides cajaneus and psophia viridis.gruiformes is a group with phylogenetic issues. recent studies based on mitochondrial and genomic dna have proposed the existence of a core gruiformes, consisting of five families: heliornithidae, aramidae, gruidae, psophiidae and rallidae. karyotype studies on these species are still scarce, either by conventional staining or molecular cytogenetics. due to this, this study aimed to analyze the karyotype of two species (aramides cajaneus and psophia viridis) belonging to families rallidae and ps ...202032183220
coccidian parasites from birds at rehabilitation centers in portugal, with notes on avispora bubonis in old world.portugal has some rehabilitation centers for wild animals, which are responsible for the rehabilitation and reintroduction of birds, among other animals, into the wild. coccidian parasites of these wild birds in rehabilitation centers are especially important because these centers can introduce coccidian species into new environments through the reintroduction of their respective hosts. in this context, the current study aimed to identify intestinal coccidia from wild birds at two rehabilitation ...201931141018
declining water depth delayed the breeding time of fulica atra, not human disturbance.disturbances by tourists have been considered to delay the breeding time of coots. in this study, we investigated the common coot (fulica atra) from april to june in 2008, 2009 and 2012 around the anbanghe nature reserve and daqing longfeng wetland of heilongjiang province. we evaluated the correlations of four habitat factors (water depth under coots' nests, distance of nests to banks, distance of nests to human disturbance and nest coverage) to discuss the impacts of those factors on the breed ...201830157235
tetrameres globosa (linstow, 1879) (nematoda, tetrameridae) – a nematode of the eurasian coot fulica atra (linnaeus, 1758) recorded for the first time in polandduring parasitological studies of 23 eurasian coot fulica atra (linnaeus, 1758), 91 nematodes were isolated. three of them, found in the proventriculus, were identified as tetrameres globosa (linstow, 1879). this paper presents the morphological characteristics of the discovered males of t. globosa.201829983026
resurrection and typification of elatine campylosperma (elatinaceae), a long-forgotten waterwort species.the name elatine campylosperma seub. is generally treated as one of the synonyms of e. macropoda guss. however, recent morphological, phylogenetic and karyological studies indicate that this judgement should be revised. in the present paper we typify the name e. campylosperma, review its taxonomic history and provide a thorough description, with compilation of previously published data and our new measurements from in vitro cultures. based on our herbarium survey, we outline its atlantic-mediter ...201829868294
reproduction and survival in the city: which fitness components drive urban colonization in a reed-nesting waterbird?processes of adaptation to urban environments are well described for relatively few avian taxa, mainly passerines, but selective forces responsible for urban colonization in ecologically different groups of birds remain mostly unrecognized. the aim of this article is to identify drivers of recent urban colonization (łódź, central poland) by a reed-nesting waterbird, the eurasian coot fulica atra. urban colonizers were found to adopt a distinct reproductive strategy by maximizing the number of of ...201629491894
the effect of climate change on laying dates, clutch size and productivity of eurasian coots fulica atra.climate change is affecting many living organisms; however, the responses of many of them remain unknown. in this paper, we present the results regarding the response of a bird species from the rallid family to the increased temperatures during the breeding season. we analysed the breeding data of eurasian coots nesting during 30 seasons between 1972 and 2019. during the study period, mean temperatures in april, the month when coots start nesting, increased by 3.5 °c, and in months corresponding ...202032940763
capillarity and fiber types in locomotory muscles of wild common coots, fulica atra.six locomotory muscles of wild common coots, fulica atra, were analyzed histochemically. capillarity and fiber-type distributions were correlated to the functional implications and physiological needs of each muscle. leg muscles exhibit three unevenly distributed fiber types, a pattern that reflects the great variety of terrestrial and aquatic locomotory performances that coots are able to develop. aerobic zones are presumably recruited during steady swimming and diving, while regions with anaer ...199829852700
prevalence of avian haemosporidia among injured wild birds in tokyo and environs, japan.avian haemosporidia have been reported in various birds of japan, which is part of the east asian-australian flyway and is an important stopover site for migratory birds potentially carrying new pathogens from other areas. we investigated the prevalence of avian malaria in injured wild birds, rescued in tokyo and surrounding areas. we also evaluated the effects of migration by examining the prevalence of avian malaria for each migratory status. 475 birds of 80 species were sampled from four faci ...201728971016
efficacy of clade 2.3.2 h5-recombinant baculovirus vaccine in protecting muscovy and pekin ducks from clade 2.3.4.4 h5n8 highly pathogenic avian influenza infection.in late 2016, a highly pathogenic avian influenza (hpai) virus subtype h5n8 clade 2.3.4.4 was reported in egypt in migratory birds; subsequently, the virus spread to backyard and commercial poultry in several egyptian governorates, causing severe economic losses to the poultry industry. here, a recombinant subunit commercial h5 vaccine prepared from the clade 2.3.2 h5 segment on baculovirus was evaluated in pekin ducks (anasplatyrhynchos domesticus) and muscovy ducks (cairina moschata) in biosaf ...201931713400
morphologic and genetic identification of sarcocystis fulicae n. sp. (apicomplexa: sarcocystidae) from the eurasian coot ( fulica atra).one morphologic type of sarcocyst was found in 26% (7/27) of eurasian coots ( fulica atra) and was described as sarcocystis fulicae n. sp. using morphologic, 18s ribosomal (r)dna, 28s rdna, and internal transcribed spacer 1 (its1) analysis. by light microscope, cysts were ribbon-shaped and measured 7.3 mm in length by 116 μm wide. histologically, the cyst wall reached up to 1.2 μm in thickness and seemed smooth. the detected sarcocysts were packed with relatively small banana-shaped bradyzoites ...201829863972
bioserotypes, virulence markers, and antimicrobial susceptibility of yersinia enterocolitica strains isolated from free-living birds.the risk of meat contamination with yersinia enterocolitica poses a threat to consumers and persons who come into contact with bird carcasses. the occurrence of y. enterocolitica in the vast majority of migratory game species, the capercaillie, and the black grouse has never been studied in poland, europe, or in the world. the material for the study consisted of cloacal swabs obtained from 143 eurasian coots, 50 mallards, 30 pochards, 27 greylag geese, 22 white-fronted geese, 22 bean geese, 20 g ...202032258154
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