the boar-pheromone steroid identified in vegetables.the steroid 5 a-androst-16-en-3-one, known as a boar pheromone, was identified in parsnip (pastinaca sativa) and celery (apium graveolens). concentrations are in the range of 8 ng/g plant.1979520500
a freeze-etching and replication study of wall deposition in elongating plant cells.the architecture of the expanding wall of mung bean hypocotyl (phaseolus aureus) and collenchyma of celery (apium graveolens) was examined using freeze-etching without any cryoprotectant, and surface-replication of frozen-ground and air-dried specimens. the polylamellated organization of the wall was seen. freeze-etching clearly visualized, within one single fracture plans, the intermediate strata in which the microfibril orientation gradually changes between the main transverse and longitudinal ...1978753595
observations with cytochemistry and ultracryotomy on the fine structure of the expanding walls in actively elongating plant cells.ultracryotomy with negative staining and cytochemistry (periodic acid - thiocarbohydrazide - silver proteinate test for polysaccharides, in conjunction with mild extractions) were used to study the architecture of the cell wall and its modifications during expansion. those techniques were applied to the study in situ of the walls of actively elongating parenchyma of mung bean (phaseolus aureus), and pea (pisum sativum) root and of collenchyma of celery (apium graveolens) petioles. these compleme ...19751202041
vasodilatory action mechanisms of apigenin isolated from apium graveolens in rat thoracic aorta.the effect of apigenin, isolated from apium graveolens, on the contraction of rat thoracic aorta was studied. apigenin inhibited the contraction of aortic rings caused by cumulative concentrations of calcium (0.03-3 mm) in high potassium (60 mm) medium, with an ic50 of about 48 microm. after pretreatment it also inhibited norepinephrine (ne, 3 microm)-induced phasic and tonic contraction in a concentration (35-140 microm)-dependent manner with an ic50 of 63 microm. at the plateau of ne-induced t ...19911659912
[the production of furocumarin in apium graveolens l. and pastinaca sativa l. after infection with sclerotinia slcerotiorum].roots of celery (apium graveolens) and parsnip (pastinaca sativa) were inoculated with sclerotinia sclerotiorum. at the beginning of the infection it is recognized that the level of furocoumarins rises but decreasing in the further time. trimethylpsoralene was detected neither dc nor hplc. sclerotinia grows poorly in parsnip. in this the high level of furocoumarins prevents the growth of the fungus because the furocoumarins are fungistatic. obvious sclerotinia is able to stimulate the origin of ...19911798717
severe phototoxic burn following celery ingestion.a 65-year-old woman developed a severe, generalized phototoxic reaction following a visit to a suntan parlor. history taking revealed that she had consumed a large quantity of celery root (apium graveolens) 1 hour earlier. with the use of thin-layer chromatography, methoxsalen (8-methoxypsoralen) and 5-methoxypsoralen were identified in the extract from a similar celery root. the biologic activity of this extract, as evaluated with the semiquantitative candida albicans inhibition technique, indi ...19902221939
anti-inflammatory activity of some iraqi plants using intact rats.five plants (myrtus communis, apium graveolens, matricaria chamomilla, withania somnifera and achillea santolina) grown in iraq were assessed for their anti-inflammatory activity on intact rats by measuring the suppression of carrageenan-induced paw edema produced by 1/10 of the intraperitoneal ld50 doses for the respective 80% ethanol extracts. acetylsalicylic acid was used as the standard drug. results showed that the plants possessed varying degrees of anti-inflammatory activity and were clas ...19892601356
a study of allergens in celery with cross-sensitivity to mugwort and birch pollens.sixty-one sera with positive rast to mugwort pollen (artemisiae vulgaris) were submitted to rasts for birch pollen (betula verrucosa) and celery (apium graveolens). in 36 cases rast results were positive for celery. in addition, 23 sera presented specific ige to birch pollen. the binding of specific ige to individual allergens in celery, mugwort pollen and birch pollen was studied by the immunoblotting technique. this involved electrophoretic separation of allergenic extracts, electrotransfer of ...19883233726
the essential oil of apium graveolens var. secalinum and its cercaricidal activity.the composition of the essential oil of the fresh aerial parts of apium graveolens var. secalinum at its flowering stage, obtained from three different locations in egypt, was investigated. the identification of the components of this oil was carried out by means of analytical gc and gc-ms. the main components in the oil are: alpha- and beta-pinene, myrcene, limonene, cis-beta-ocimene, gamma-terpinene, cis-allo-ocimene, trans-farnesene, humulene, apiol, beta-selinene, senkyunolide and neocnidili ...19854080514
a study of central pharmacological activity of alkaloid fraction of apium graveolens linn. 19705439955
antifertility screening of plants. vi. effect of five indigenous plants on early pregnancy in albino rats.the petroleum ether, alcoholic and aqueous extracts of apium graveolens linn., butea monosperma lam. kuntz., and gossypium herbaceum linn., the aqueous extract of aloe barbadensis mill.syn., and the juice of unripe fruits of ananas comosus were tested on albino rats by a method which detects any antizygotic, blastocystotoxic, antiimplantation, and early abortifacient activity. the extracts were administered for 1-7 days. the dosages for a. graveolens, b. monosperma, and g. herbaceum were 100 ...19705505214
molecular characterization of api g 1, the major allergen of celery (apium graveolens), and its immunological and structural relationships to a group of 17-kda tree pollen allergens.individuals suffering from immediate hypersensitivity (type-i allergy) to a particular pollen frequently display intolerance to several foods of plant origin. in this respect, individuals sensitized to birch pollen and/or mugwort pollen frequently display type-i allergic symptoms after ingestion of celery. in this study, we expressed the major allergenic protein of celery, api g 1, which is responsible for the birch-celery syndrome, in the form of a non-fusion protein. the open reading frame of ...19957588792
effects of aqueous celery (apium graveolens) extract on lipid parameters of rats fed a high fat diet.the antihyperlipidemic property of aqueous celery extract was studied in rats. two groups of wistar rats were fed a high fat diet for eight weeks to induce hyperlipidemia. one group was supplemented with aqueous celery extract in the diet while the other group served as control. at the end of the experiment, a significant reduction was found in the serum total cholesterol (tc), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (ldl-c), and triglyceride (tg) concentrations in the celery-treated rats. however, ...19957700983
[plasma levels of psoralens after celery ingestion].psoralens are photosensitizing substances present in many vegetables, some of which are routinely consumed. these vegetables are responsible for contact phytophotodermatitis, but it was agreed that they did not produce photodermatitis when taken orally. ljunggren has recently questioned this concept by reporting a case of phototoxic accident which occurred after ingestion of 450 grams of celery roots (apium graveolens). in a study in healthy volunteers we looked for psoralens in blood and analyz ...19938161113
chemoprevention of benzo[a]pyrene-induced forestomach cancer in mice by natural phthalides from celery seed oil.bioassay-directed fractionation of celery seed oil from the plant apium graveolens (umbelliferae) led to the isolation of five natural products, including d-limonene, p-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol, p-mentha-8(9)-en-1,2-diol, 3-n-butyl phthalide, and sedanolide. of these compounds p-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol,3-n-butyl phthalide, and sedanolide exhibited high activities to induce the detoxifying enzyme glutathione s-transferase (gst) in the target tissues of female a/j mice. 3-n-butyl phthalide and sedanolide ...19938446516
hepatoprotective activity of apium graveolens and hygrophila auriculata against paracetamol and thioacetamide intoxication in rats.seeds of apium graveolens l. (apiaceae) and hygrophila auriculata (k. schum.) heine (syn. astercantha auriculata nees, acanthaceae) are used in indian systems of medicine for the treatment of liver ailments. the antihepatotoxic effect of methanolic extracts of the seeds of these two plants was studied on rat liver damage induced by a single dose of paracetamol (3 g/kg p.o.) or thioacetamide (100 mg/kg, s.c.) by monitoring several liver function tests, viz. serum transaminases (sgot and sgpt), al ...19958824736
immunolocalization of mannitol dehydrogenase in celery plants and cells.immunolocalization of mannitol dehydrogenase (mtd) in celery (apium graveolens l.) suspension cells and plants showed that mtd is a cytoplasmic enzyme. mtd was found in the meristems of celery root apices, in young expanding leaves, in the vascular cambium, and in the phloem, including sieve-element/companion cell complexes, parenchyma, and in the exuding phloem sap of cut petioles. suspension cells that were grown in medium with mannitol as the sole carbon source showed a high anti-mtd cross-re ...19968938403
molecular cloning of mannose-6-phosphate reductase and its developmental expression in celery.compared with other primary photosynthetic products (e.g. sucrose and starch), little is known about sugar alcohol metabolism, its regulation, and the manner in which it is integrated with other pathways. mannose-6-phosphate reductase (m6pr) is a key enzyme that is involved in mannitol biosynthesis in celery (apium graveolens l.). the m6pr gene was cloned from a leaf cdna library, and clonal authenticity was established by assays of m6pr activity, western blots, and comparisons of the deduced am ...19979112783
anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of some jordanian medicinal plant extracts.the anti-nociceptive effect of ethanolic extract of 11 traditionally used jordanian plants was studied by using the acetic acid-induced writhing and hot-plate test in mice. the anti-inflammatory effect of these plants was determined by xylene-induced ear oedema in mice and cotton pellet granuloma test in rats. mentha piperita, cinnamomum zeylanicum, apium graveolens, eucalyptus camaldulentis, and ruta graveolens possess an anti-nociceptive effect against both acetic acid-induced writhing and hot ...19989582001
modulation of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in celery by exogenous fatty acids.the effects of c16 and c18 fatty acids on the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine were studied in apium graveolens cell suspension cultures and postmitochondrial supernatants. when cells were exposed to exogenous oleic acid, the rate of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis increased 1.4-fold within 5 min of the addition of the fatty acid to the culture medium. the sensitivity of microsomal ctp:cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase (ec to saturated and unsaturated fatty acids was monitored thr ...19999891932
assembly and disassembly of the peripheral architecture of the plant cell nucleus during mitosisthe architecture of the nuclei of higher plants includes a structure similar to the nuclear lamina of vertebrates. changes in this structure were monitored during mitosis in carrot (daucus carota l.) and celery (apium graveolens l.) cells by immunofluorescence microscopy using an antibody that recognized the nuclear-matrix protein nmcp1. this protein has been shown to be localized exclusively at the periphery of the nucleus (k. masuda et al. 1997, exp cell res 232: 173-187). immunofluorescence w ...199910592045
the sucrose transporter of celery. identification and expression during salt celery (apium graveolens l.), long-distance transport of reduced carbon occurs both in the form of sucrose (suc) and mannitol. the presence of mannitol has been related to the resistance of celery to salt stress. to investigate the transport events occurring during salt stress, we have cloned the h(+)/suc transporter of celery agsut1 (a. graveolens suc uptake transport 1) from a mature leaf cdna library. the function of the encoded protein was confirmed by expression in yeast. agsut1 is a h(+ ...200010759540
cloning of the minor allergen api g 4 profilin from celery (apium graveolens) and its cross-reactivity with birch pollen profilin bet v 2.profilin is a panallergen that is recognized by ige from about 20% of birch pollen- and plant food-allergic patients. a subgroup of celery-allergic patients shows ige-reactivity with this minor allergen. to investigate the ige-binding potential and cross-reactivity of celery profilin at the molecular level, this study was aimed at the cloning and immunological characterization of this allergen.200010848918
bioactive compounds and 1,3-di[(cis)-9-octadecenoyl]-2-[(cis,cis)-9, 12-octadecadienoyl]glycerol from apium graveolens l. seeds.bioassay-directed isolation and purification of the hexane extract of apium graveolens l. seeds led to the characterization of three compounds: beta-selinene (1), 3-n-butyl-4,5-dihydrophthalide (2) and 5-allyl-2-methoxyphenol (3). the structures of these compounds were established by using (1)h and (13)c nmr spectral methods. compounds, 1-3 demonstrated 100% mortality on fourth-instar aedes aegyptii larvae at 50, 25, and 200 microg ml(-)(1), respectively, in 24 h. also, 2 inhibited the growth of ...200010995271
identification of a mannitol transporter, agmat1, in celery phloem.a celery petiole phloem cdna library was constructed and used to identify a cdna that gives saccharomyces cerevisiae cells the ability to grow on mannitol and transport radiolabeled mannitol in a manner consistent with a proton symport mechanism. this cdna was named agmat1 (apium graveolens mannitol transporter 1). the expression profile in source leaves and phloem was in agreement with a role for mannitol in phloem loading in celery. the identification in eukaryotes of a mannitol transporter is ...200111251106
mosquitocidal, nematicidal, and antifungal compounds from apium graveolens l. seeds.the methanolic extract of apium graveolens seeds was investigated for bioactive compounds and resulted in the isolation and characterization of mosquitocidal, nematicidal, and antifungal compounds sedanolide (1), senkyunolide-n (2), and senkyunolide-j (3). their structures were determined by 1h and 13c nmr spectral methods. compounds 1-3 gave 100% mortality at 25, 100, and 100 microg ml(-1), respectively, on the nematode, panagrellus redivivus. compound 1 showed 100% mortality at 50 microg ml(-1 ...200111305251
hepatoprotective activity of two plants belonging to the apiaceae and the euphorbiaceae family.the different extracts of apium graveolens linn. (apiaceae) and croton oblongifolius roxb. (euphorbiaceae) were tested for their hepatoprotective activity against ccl(4) induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats. the degree of protection was measured by using biochemical parameters like serum transaminases (sgot and sgpt), alkaline phosphatase, total protein and albumin. the methanolic extracts showed the most significant hepatoprotective activity comparable with standard drug silymarin. other extra ...200211849834
base-catalyzed derivatization methodology for fa analysis. application to milk fat and celery seed lipid this paper, an alternative base-catalyzed methodology for the facile derivatization in mild conditions of lipid tag prior to fa analysis is proposed. reagents were prepared by proton exchange between potassium tert-butoxide and either ethanol, n-propanol, n-butanol, or 2-methoxyethanol and used for the synthesis, at 40 degrees c for 15 min, of the corresponding derivatives, which were directly analyzed by gc. this methodology can be used on a routine basis and has been applied to standard and ...200212056597
antioxidant, cyclooxygenase and topoisomerase inhibitory compounds from apium graveolens linn. seeds.cyclooxygenase inhibitory and antioxidant bioassay-directed extraction and purification of celery seeds yielded sedanolide (1), senkyunolide-n (2), senkyunolide-j (3), 3-hydroxymethyl-6-methoxy-2,3-dihydro-1h-indol-2-ol (4), l-tryptophan (6), and 7-[3-(3,4-dihydroxy-4-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-furan-2-yloxy)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy]-5-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)-chromen-4-one (7). the structures of compounds 1-7 were determined using spectroscopic methods ...200212120812
some ideas for further research in reproduction.comments are made on reproductive research problems in the hope that they may serve as a stimulus for effective research in the areas concerned. in studying the effects of drugs on the nerve elements involved in reproductive processes, no one has attempted to delineate the neural part of endometrial function, or to show if, or how it relates to the hormonal effect on the same tissues. hysterectomy, removal of about 75% of the uterus, and the denervation of the guinea pig uterus greatly extend ...197012254863
the effect of celery and parsley juices on pharmacodynamic activity of drugs involving cytochrome p450 in their metabolism.celery (apium graveolens) and parsley (petroselinum sativum), plants used worldwide in human nutrition, are the natural sources of methoxsalen. in this study we investigated the effect of mice pretreatment with juices of this plants on the hypnotic action of pentobarbital and analgesic action of paracetamol and aminopyrine, the drugs involving cytochrome p450 superfamily in their metabolism. in mice pretreated with celery and parsley juices a prolonged action of pentobarbital with respect to con ...200212365194
anthelminthic efficacy of traditional herbs on ascaris lumbricoides.the ascaricidal efficacy of six commonly used traditional herbs. artemesia santonica, inula helenium, cassia abutnsifolla, albizzia lebbek, acacia auriculoformis and oil of apium graveolens, was tested in vitro against the eggs and larvae of ascaris lumbricoides. aqueous extracts of 1% artemesia and 5% of albizzia and inula were effective in killing both the infective larvae ill less than 40 days and eggs in 20 days. the results showed that artemesia, albizzia and to less extent inula were promi ...200212512821
mutational epitope analysis of pru av 1 and api g 1, the major allergens of cherry (prunus avium) and celery (apium graveolens): correlating ige reactivity with three-dimensional structure.birch pollinosis is often accompanied by adverse reactions to food due to pollen-allergen specific ige cross-reacting with homologous food allergens. the tertiary structure of pru av 1, the major cherry (prunus avium) allergen, for example, is nearly identical with bet v 1, the major birch (betula verrucosa) pollen allergen. in order to define cross-reactive ige epitopes, we generated and analysed mutants of pru av 1 and api g 1.0101, the major celery (apium graveolens) allergen, by immunoblotti ...200312943529
synthesis of l-ascorbic acid in the phloem.although plants are the main source of vitamin c in the human diet, we still have a limited understanding of how plants synthesise l-ascorbic acid (asa) and what regulates its concentration in different plant tissues. in particular, the enormous variability in the vitamin c content of storage organs from different plants remains unexplained. possible sources of asa in plant storage organs include in situ synthesis and long-distance transport of asa synthesised in other tissues via the phloem. in ...200314633288
new and remarkable records of microfungi from turkey.during a botanical excursion of the university of essen in the year 2002 to north-, central- and south-anatolia we have collected representatives of about 100 genera of microfungi as parasites or saprophytes on crops and wild plants. some of them are new for turkey: passalora dubia on atriplex hortensis, pseudocercospora ligustri on ligustrum ovalifolium, passalora smilacis on smilax aspera, uromyces limonii on limonium spec., puccinia jasmini on jasminim spec., sawadea bicornis on acer negundo, ...200315151298
mosquito repellency of the seeds of celery (apium graveolens l.).when the mosquito repellencies of four fractions of apium graveolens seeds (one hexane, two dichloromethane and one methanolic) were investigated in the laboratory, all four were found to offer human volunteers some protection against female, adult aedes aegypti. the hexane fraction, however, was found to exhibit the highest repellency in the laboratory, with median effective doses (ed50) and ed95 of 0.41 and 2.93 mg/cm2 skin, respectively. only this fraction, which was also found to provide pro ...200415228722
biotransformation of isoprenoids and shikimic acid derivatives by a vegetable enzymatic biotransformations carried out under similar conditions enzymatic systems from carrot (daucus carota l.), celeriac (apium graveolens l. var. rapaceum) and horse-radish (armoracia lapathifolia gilib.) hydrolyzed the ester bonds of acetates of phenols or alicyclic alcohols. nevertheless, methyl esters of aromatic acids did not undergo hydrolysis. alcohols were oxidized to ketones in a reversible reaction.200415241926
antimicrobial evaluation of some medicinal plants for their anti-enteric potential against multi-drug resistant salmonella typhi.screening was done of some plants of importance in the ayurvedic system of traditional medicine used in india to treat enteric diseases. fifty four plant extracts (methanol and aqueous) were assayed for their activity against multi-drug resistant salmonella typhi. strong antibacterial activity was shown by the methanol extracts of aegle marmelos, salmalia malabarica, punica granatum, myristica fragrans, holarrhena antidysenterica, terminalia arjuna and triphal (mixture of emblica of fi cinalis, ...200415476301
arabidopsis polyol transporter5, a new member of the monosaccharide transporter-like superfamily, mediates h+-symport of numerous substrates, including myo-inositol, glycerol, and ribose.six genes of the arabidopsis thaliana monosaccharide transporter-like (mst-like) superfamily share significant homology with polyol transporter genes previously identified in plants translocating polyols (mannitol or sorbitol) in their phloem (celery [apium graveolens], common plantain [plantago major], or sour cherry [prunus cerasus]). the physiological role and the functional properties of this group of proteins were unclear in arabidopsis, which translocates sucrose and small amounts of raffi ...200415598803
potential of crude seed extract of celery, apium graveolens l., against the mosquito aedes aegypti (l.) (diptera: culicidae).crude seed extract of celery, apium graveolens, was investigated for anti-mosquito potential, including larvicidal, adulticidal, and repellent activities against aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue haemorrhagic fever. the ethanol-extracted a. graveolens possessed larvicidal activity against fourth instar larvae of ae. aegypti with ld50 and ld95 values of 81.0 and 176.8 mg/l, respectively. the abnormal movement observed in treated larvae indicated that the toxic effect of a. graveolens extract wa ...200415707293
inhibitory effect of celery seeds extract on chemically induced hepatocarcinogenesis: modulation of cell proliferation, metabolism and altered hepatic foci development.the chemopreventive activity of methanolic extract of apium graveolens seeds (celery seeds) has been investigated against solt farber protocol of hepatocarcinogenesis, oxidative stress and induction of positive foci of gamma-gt in the liver of wistar rats. the prophylactic treatment of celery seeds extract protected dose dependently against diethylnitrosoamine (den)+2-acetylaminofluorine (aaf)+partial hepatectomy (ph) induced hepatocarcinogenesis and other related events such as induction of gam ...200515797622
[pesticide detection in costarican vegetables based on the inhibition of serum and erythrocytic human cholinesterases].a simple and low cost method able to detect the presence of pesticides, organophosphates and carbamates based on the inhibition of serum and erythrocytic cholinesterases, was used in lettuce (lactuca sativa), cilantro (coriandum santivum) and celery (apium graveolens) obtained from the ferias del agricultor from valle central of costa rica. the percentage inhibition of cholinesterases is related to the presence of plaguicide in the vegetable. thirteen percent of the analyzed samples were positiv ...200415969271
tissue-dependent distribution and accumulation of chlorobenzenes by vegetables in urban area.five seasonal vegetables from three growing sites in hangzhou city, zhejiang province, were studied for the levels of four chlorobenzenes(cbs): o-dichlorobenzene (o-dcb), p-dichlorobenzene (p-dcb), m-dichlorobenzene (m-dcb), and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (1,2,4-tcb). samples of each vegetable from each site were subdivided into leaves, stems, and roots, and these subsamples were analyzed separately for the levels of accumulated cbs. relations between the levels of cbs in vegetables with the total o ...200516002141
a vesiculo-bullous disease in pigs resembling foot and mouth disease. i. field cases.eleven incidents of bullae and vesicles on the snouts and less frequently the feet of white-skinned pigs on seven farms are described. bullous and vesicular lesions up to 5 cm in diameter and containing clotted gelatinous fluid were located on the dorsal aspect of the snout, behind the flange. lesions ruptured, became ulcerated, developed scabs and healed within three weeks. there was no transmission to other pigs or ruminants. the condition was associated with contact with green vegetable mater ...198716031362
a vesiculo-bullous disease in pigs resembling foot and mouth disease. ii. experimental reproduction of the lesion.vesiculo-bullous dermatitis of pigs characterised by presence of vesicles and bullae on the snout and feet of white skinned pigs was reproduced experimentally. leaves of parsnips (pastinaca sativa), or celery (apium graveolens) infected with the fungus sclerotinia sclerotiorum were fed or rubbed on the snouts and feet of white skinned pigs. pigs were then exposed to sunlight or to uv light of intensity approximately 212 m w/m2 at a wavelength 340-360 nm for eight hours per day until vesicles dev ...198716031363
repellent properties of celery, apium graveolens l., compared with commercial repellents, against mosquitoes under laboratory and field our search for new bioactive products against mosquito vectors, we reported the slightly larvicidal and adulticidal potency, but remarkable repellency of apium graveolens both in laboratory and field conditions. repellency of the ethanolic preparation of hexane-extracted a. graveolens was, therefore, investigated and compared with those of 15 commercial mosquito repellents including the most widely used, deet. hexane-extracted a. graveolens showed a significant degree of repellency in a dose- ...200516262746
a pathway for photosynthetic carbon flow to mannitol in celery leaves : activity and localization of key the polyol producing plant, celery (apium graveolens l.), mannitol is a major photosynthetic product and a form in which carbohydrate is translocated. measurements of whole leaf extracts of celery indicated substantial activity of the following enzymes: mannose-6-p reductase, mannose-6-p isomerase, mannitol-1-p phosphatase, and nonreversible glyceraldehyde-3-p dehydrogenase. the activities of these enzymes were either undetectable or very low in the nonpolyol producing plants, secale cereale ...198316663332
effect of celery (apium graveolens) extracts on some biochemical parameters of oxidative stress in mice treated with carbon tetrachloride.extracts of celery leaves and roots in ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water were evaporated to dryness and dissolved in 50% ethanol to make 10% (w[sol ]v) solutions. the potential protective action of the extracts was assessed by the corresponding in vitro and in vivo tests. in the in vitro experiments crude methanol extracts were tested as potential scavengers of free oh* and dpph* radicals, as well as inhibitors of liposomal peroxidation (lpx). analogous experiments were also ...200616685681
essential oils as potential adulticides against two populations of aedes aegypti, the laboratory and natural field strains, in chiang mai province, northern thailand.essential oils derived from five plant species, celery (apium graveolens), caraway (carum carvi), zedoary (curcuma zedoaria), long pepper (piper longum), and chinese star anise (illicium verum), were subjected to investigation of adulticidal activity against mosquito vectors. two populations of aedes aegypti, the laboratory and natural field strains, collected in chiang mai province, northern thailand were tested in pyrethroid-susceptibility bioassays. the results revealed that the natural field ...200616738885
ethnomedicines used in trinidad and tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus.this paper is based on ethnobotanical interviews conducted from 1996-2000 in trinidad and tobago with thirty male and female respondents.200617040567
self-anointing behavior in free-ranging spider monkeys (ateles geoffroyi) in mexico.during 250 h of observation, a total of 20 episodes of self-anointing, that is, the application of scent-bearing material onto the body, were recorded in a group of free-ranging mexican spider monkeys (ateles geoffroyi). the animals used the leaves of three species of plants (brongniartia alamosana, fabaceae; cecropia obtusifolia, cecropiaceae; and apium graveolens, umbelliferae) two of which have not been reported so far in this context in any new world primate species. the findings that only t ...200717103123
apium graveolens modulates sodium valproate-induced reproductive toxicity in rats.sodium valproate (vpa), a common treatment of epilepsy and other diseases, is known to have severe toxic effects on testis both in experimental animals and in humans. the present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of apium graveolens (ag) against the vpa-induced testis injury. testicular toxicity was induced by the administration of vpa (500 mg/kg/day) once daily for 7 consecutive days. protective group received daily doses (200 mg/kg/day) of ag crude extract for 23 days pri ...200717351917
identification and characterization of a new virus in the genus potyvirus from wild populations of angelica lucida l. and a. genuflexa nutt., family apiaceae.a novel potyvirus was discovered in angelica lucida l. (wild celery) and a. genuflexa nutt. (kneeling angelica) (family apiaceae) in the matanuska- susitna valley, alaska. the experimental plant host range of the virus included species in three families: chenopodiaceae (chenopodium amaranticolor coste et reyn and chenopodium quinoa willd.), solanaceae (nicotiana benthamiana domin, and n. clevlandii gray.), and apiaceae (anethum graveolens l., apium graveolens l. var. dulce (miller)), daucus caro ...200717558540
biostimulation of pah degradation with plants containing high concentrations of linoleic acid.many plant species enhance the biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs), but there is little understanding of the mechanisms by which this occurs. this research identified phytochemicals that stimulate pyrene degradation using crushed roottissues from 43 plants that were screened in soil spiked with 100 ppm pyrene. among the plants tested, root tissues from apium graveolens (celery), raphanus sativus (radish), solanum tuberosum (potato), and daucus carota (carrot) were most effe ...200717626440
characterization of agmat2, a plasma membrane mannitol transporter from celery, expressed in phloem cells, including phloem parenchyma cells.a second mannitol transporter, agmat2, was identified in celery (apium graveolens l. var. dulce), a species that synthesizes and transports mannitol. this transporter was successfully expressed in two different heterologous expression systems: baker's yeast (saccharomyces cerevisiae) cells and tobacco (nicotiana tabacum) plants (a non-mannitol-producing species). data indicated that agmat2 works as an h(+)/mannitol cotransporter with a weak selectivity toward other polyol molecules. when express ...200717631523
an extract of apium graveolens var. dulce leaves: structure of the major constituent, apiin, and its anti-inflammatory properties.flavonoids, natural compounds widely distributed in the plant kingdom, are reported to affect the inflammatory process and to possess anti-inflammatory as well as immunomodulatory activity in-vitro and in-vivo. since nitric oxide (no) produced by inducible nitric oxide synthase (inos) is one of the inflammatory mediators, the effects of the ethanol/water (1:1) extract of the leaves of apium graveolens var. dulce (celery) on inos expression and no production in the j774.a1 macrophage cell line st ...200717637182
the detection of antibacterial actions of whole herb tinctures using luminescent escherichia coli.two whole cell escherichia coli luminescent biosensors were used to determine the antibacterial actions of 16 herbal tinctures. these bioassays can detect genotoxic (strain dpd2794) and general oxidative stress (de135) events when challenged with antibacterial substances. many of the herbal tinctures were active against these gram-negative bacteria, affecting their metabolism without, in some cases, arresting cell growth or causing cell death. antibacterial activity ranged from undetectable for ...200717661335
efficient production of l-ribose with a recombinant escherichia coli biocatalyst.a new synthetic platform with potential for the production of several rare sugars, with l-ribose as the model target, is described. the gene encoding the unique nad-dependent mannitol-1-dehydrogenase (mdh) from apium graveolens (garden celery) was synthetically constructed for optimal expression in escherichia coli. this mdh enzyme catalyzes the interconversion of several polyols and their l-sugar counterparts, including the conversion of ribitol to l-ribose. expression of recombinant mdh in the ...200818344327
role of recombination in the evolution of the model plant pathogen pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato dc3000, a very atypical tomato strain.pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain dc3000 (ptodc3000) is one of the most intensively studied bacterial plant pathogens today. here we report a thorough investigation into ptodc3000 and close relatives isolated from antirrhinum majus (snapdragon), apium graveolens (celery), and solanaceae and brassicaceae species. multilocus sequence typing (mlst) was used to resolve the precise phylogenetic relationship between isolates and to determine the importance of recombination in their evolution. mls ...200818378665
celery-based topical repellents as a potential natural alternative for personal protection against mosquitoes.celery-based products were investigated for chemical composition, skin irritation, and mosquito repellency in comparison to commercial repellents and the standard chemical, n,n-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet), with a goal to develop a natural alternative to synthetic repellents for protection against mosquitoes. chemical identification by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry discovered that the major constituents of apium graveolens hexane extract (ahe) were 3-n-butyl-tetrahydropht ...200818766378
field evaluation of g10, a celery (apium graveolens)-based topical repellent, against mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in chiang mai province, northern thailand.the potential of g10, a celery (apium graveolens)-based topical product, as a repellent against natural mosquito populations was evaluated in comparison to commercial (insect block 28) and standard (25% deet) repellents in chiang mai province, northern thailand. these repellent products afforded encouragingly excellent personal protection against a broad range of mosquito species belonging to various genera, including aedes, anopheles, armigeres, culex, and mansonia. no mosquito bite was observe ...200918853188
distinct species exist within the cercospora apii morphotype.abstract the genus cercospora is one of the largest genera of hyphomycetes. cercospora apii sensu lato is the oldest name for a large complex of morphologically indistinguishable cercospora spp. occurring on a wide host range. there are currently 659 recognized cercospora spp., and names of another 281 morphologically identical species are included in the synonymy of c. apii sensu lato. two of the species that belong to the c. apii complex, c. apii and c. beticola, cause cercospora leaf spot on ...200518944418
isolation and functional characterization of cyp71aj4 encoding for the first p450 monooxygenase of angular furanocoumarin biosynthesis.the biosynthesis of linear and angular furanocoumarins is still poorly understood at the molecular level, with only psoralen synthase (cyp71aj1) identified from ammi majus. using cdna probes inferred from cyp71aj1, three orthologs were isolated from apium graveolens (cyp71aj2) and pastinaca sativa (cyp71aj3 and -4) and functionally expressed in yeast cells. cyp71aj2 and cyp71aj3 displayed psoralen synthase activity, whereas cyp71aj4 only catalyzed the conversion of (+)-columbianetin to angelicin ...200919098286
characterization of a member of a new potyvirus species infecting arracacha in arracacha (arracacia xanthorrhiza) plant collected in brazil was found to be infected by a new virus. this viral isolate (named c17) systemically infected nicotiana benthamiana and apium graveolens. a polyclonal antibody was raised, and analysis of our arracacha germplasm collection showed a high infection rate of c17-like viruses (93% infection). sequencing of the ca. 1.7 kb 3'-terminal genomic region revealed a typical potyvirus genome organization. it shared less than 70% nucleotide identi ...200919109690
survey of crop losses in response to phytoparasitic nematodes in the united states for 1994.previous reports of crop losses to plant-parasitic nematodes have relied on published results of survey data based on certain commodities, including tobacco, peanuts, cotton, and soybean. reports on crop-loss assessment by land-grant universities and many commodity groups generally are no longer available, with the exception of the university of georgia, the beltwide cotton conference, and selected groups concerned with soybean. the society of nematologists extension committee contacted extensio ...199919270925
penetration of celery and alfalfa roots by pratylenchus penetrans as affected by temperature.a greater percentage of females than juveniles or males of p. penetrans penetrated celery roots grown in infested soil at 5, 18, or 30 c; the difference was greatest at 5 c. the time of initial penetration of alfalfa seedlings inoculated with single nematodes on water agar varied with temperature. females penetrated the seedlings earlier and over a wider range of temperatures than did males or juveniles. the rate of penetration was highest for females. after initial penetration, the penetration ...199119283112
morphological observations of pratylenchus penetrans from celery and strawberry in southern ontario.pratylenchus penetrans was obtained from premier strawberry in norfolk county and the niagara peninsula and from celery in the latter area. host affected the dimensions of p. penetrans to a greater extent than geographical area in ontario. adults of p. penetrans from southern ontario tended to be smaller than those reported elsewhere. the presence of three lip annules was consistent in the seven populations studied, although in some specimens one of the annules did not entirely encompass the hea ...199119283114
the insecticidal activity of four medicinal plants against the blowfly lucilia sericata (diptera: calliphoridae).the larvae of lucilia sericata induce myiasis and transmit mycobacterial infections to humans and animals. consequently, the blowfly should be controlled for human welfare and economic reasons.200919416380
a novel compound from celery seed with a bactericidal effect against helicobacter pylori.the aim was to purify and characterise an antimicrobial component from celery (apium graveolens) seeds, which have been used for centuries as a herbal medicine with reported antibacterial effects.200919703351
directed evolution toward improved production of l-ribose from ribitol.improvement of the one-step production of l-ribose from ribitol using a recombinant escherichia coli is described. the gene encoding the enzyme mannitol-1-dehydrogenase (mdh) from apium graveolens has previously been codon-optimized, cloned into the constitutive pzuc10 vector, and expressed in e. coli. this mdh catalyzes the nad-dependent conversion of mannitol to d-mannose and has the ability to convert several polyols to their l-sugar counterparts, including ribitol to l-ribose. here, three ro ...201020156148
occurrence and distribution of potato virus y strain n (pvy(n)) on celery in iran.celery (apium graveolens) is an important crop grown in many countries. different types of diseases present a major constraint to celery production and can lead to significant reductions in yield potato virus y, the type member of the genus potyvirus(family potyviridae) is one of the causal agents of viral diseases in crops. in the present study, pvy occurring in celery fields was determined as the causal agent of mosaic disease of celery (apium graveolens). the virus is naturally transmitted by ...200920222571
dl-3-n-butylphthalide prevents oxidative damage and reduces mitochondrial dysfunction in an mpp(+)-induced cellular model of parkinson's disease.the aim of the present study was to explore the neuroprotective effects and mechanisms of action of dl-3-n-butylphthalide (nbp) in a 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridiniumion (mpp(+))-induced cellular model of parkinson's disease (pd). nbp was extracted from seeds of apium graveolens linn. (chinese celery). mpp(+) treatment of pc12 cells caused reduced viability, formation of reactive oxygen, and disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. our results indicated that nbp reduced the cytotoxicity of mpp( ...201020347933
l-3-n-butylphthalide improves cognitive impairment and reduces amyloid-beta in a transgenic model of alzheimer's disease.alzheimer's disease (ad) is an age-related, progressive neurodegenerative disorder that occurs gradually and results in memory, behavior, and personality changes. l-3-n-butylphthalide (l-nbp), an extract from seeds of apium graveolens linn (chinese celery), has been demonstrated to have neuroprotective effects on ischemic, vascular dementia, and amyloid-beta (abeta)-infused animal models. in the current study, we examined the effects of l-nbp on learning and memory in a triple-transgenic ad mous ...201020554868
gastric antiulcer, antisecretory and cytoprotective properties of celery (apium graveolens) in the present investigation, an ethanol extract of celery [apium graveolens l. (apiaceae/umbelliferae)], at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight, was evaluated for antigastric ulcer activity using various experimental gastric ulcer models in rats. ulcers were induced by indomethacin, cytodestructive agents (80% ethanol, 0.2 m naoh and 25% nacl) and cold restraint stress. gastric secretory studies were undertaken by using pylorus ligation (shay rat model). in addition to gastric wall mucus (gw ...201020645778
antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities of eleven edible plants.consumers have become more interested in beneficial effects of vegetables, fruits, and tea to protect their health.201121284538
oviposition-altering and ovicidal potentials of five essential oils against female adults of the dengue vector, aedes aegypti l.the oviposition deterrence and ovicidal potential of five different essential oils, peppermint oil (mentha piperita), basil oil (ocimum basilicum), rosemary oil (rosemarinus officinalis), citronella oil (cymbopogon nardus), and celery seed oil (apium graveolens), were assessed against female adults of the dengue vector, aedes aegypti l. multiple concentration tests were carried out where cups containing 1 ml of different concentrations (100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1%) of the oils and 199 ml of water were u ...201121445613
nondestructive raman analysis of polyacetylenes in apiaceae plants from the apiaceae family have been found to demonstrate health-promoting properties. polyacetylenes are bioactive compounds that are considered to contribute substantially to the beneficial properties of apiaceae plants. this study applied a raman mapping technique in the investigation of polyacetylene spatial distribution in fresh roots of some apiaceae species. fresh root sections were measured directly without any preliminary preparation. for three apiaceae species, that is, parsn ...201121682272
sensitization prevalence, antibody cross-reactivity and immunogenic peptide profile of api g 2, the non-specific lipid transfer protein 1 of celery.celery (apium graveolens) represents a relevant allergen source that can elicit severe reactions in the adult population. to investigate the sensitization prevalence and cross-reactivity of api g 2 from celery stalks in a mediterranean population and in a mouse model.201121897872
bioaccumulation and translocation of cadmium in cole (brassica campestris l.) and celery (apium graveolens) grown in the polluted oasis soil, northwest of china.a pot experiment was conducted to study the bioaccumulation and translocation of cadmium (cd) in cole (brassica campestris l.) and celery (apium graveolens) grown in the cd-polluted oasis soil, northwest of china. the results showed that cd in the unpolluted oasis soil was mainly bound to carbonate fraction (f2) and fe-mn oxide fraction (f3). however, marked change of cd fractions was observed with increasing soil cd concentrations, in which the concentration of cd in fl (exchangeable fraction), ...201122128545
l-3-n-butylphthalide reduces tau phosphorylation and improves cognitive deficits in aβpp/ps1-alzheimer's transgenic mice.l-3-n-butylphthalide (l-nbp), an extract from seeds of apium graveolens linn (chinese celery), has been shown to have neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemic, vascular dementia and amyloid-β (aβ)-induced animal models by inhibiting oxidative injury, neuronal apoptosis and glial activation, regulating amyloid-β protein precursor (aβpp) processing and reducing aβ generation. the aim of the present study was to examine the effect of l-nbp on learning and memory in aβpp and presenilin 1 (ps1) d ...201222233765
shelf life study of fresh celery (apium graveolens l.) grown under different nitrogen fertilization treatments.nitrogen fertilization is useful for obtaining higher growth and quality of productions, and the use of nitrogen fertilization is widespread. to evaluate the influence of nitrogen-rich fertilizers on quality characteristics of celery, shelf life tests of celery grown with 2 levels of nitrogen and 2 different nitrogen fertilizers were performed. the treatments of the celery samples were identified as follows: t1, mineral nitrogen (80 kg ha(-1)); t2, mineral nitrogen (120 kg ha(-1)); t3, organic n ...201122417367
allergenic relevance of nonspecific lipid transfer proteins 2: identification and characterization of api g 6 from celery tuber as representative of a novel ige-binding protein family.apium graveolens represents a relevant food allergen source linked with severe systemic reactions. we sought to identify an ige-binding nonspecific lipid transfer protein (nsltp) in celery tuber.201323913675
diversity of the superfamily of phloem lectins (phloem protein 2) in angiosperms.phloem protein 2 (pp2) is one of the most abundant and enigmatic proteins in the phloem sap. although thought to be associated with structural p-protein, pp2 is translocated in the assimilate stream where its lectin activity or rna-binding properties can exert effects over long distances. analyzing the diversity of these proteins in vascular plants led to the identification of pp2-like genes in species from 17 angiosperm and gymnosperm genera. this wide distribution of pp2 genes in the plant kin ...200312529520
effects of apium graveolens extract on the oxidative stress in the liver of adjuvant-induced arthritic rats.apium graveolens linn. (apiaceae) is an indigenous plant of the north and south americas, southern europe, and asia and has been widely used as a food or a traditional medicine for treatment of inflammation and arthritis. the purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of a methanolic extract of a. graveolens (age) against liver oxidative stress in an adjuvant-induced arthritic rat model. the age (250, 500, and 1,000 mg/kg) was given orally for 24 consecutive days after indu ...201627390722
larvicidal, repellent, and irritant potential of the seed-derived essential oil of apium graveolens against dengue vector, aedes aegypti l. (diptera: culicidae).aedes aegypti l. is one of the primary disease vectors spreading various dreadful diseases throughout the world, specifically over tropics and subtropics. keeping in view the adverse effects of chemical insecticides-based intervention measures, the eco-friendly and bio-degradable essential oil extracted from the seeds of celery, apium graveolens were investigated for its efficacy against ae. aegypti. larvicidal bioassay carried out with the seed oil against early fourth instars of ae. aegypti ca ...201425279371
phytopathogenic fungal inhibitors from celery seeds.extract of celery (apium graveolens l.) seeds was investigated against phytopathogenic fungi. the light petroleum extract showed promising inhibition activities in the tests against rhizoctonia solani and fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfecum. chromatographic separation of the extract gave 19 fractions, one of which, qcz-4, possessed significant inhibitory rates of 64.6%, 88.4% and 54.7% at a concentration of 100 ppm against r. solani, f. oxysporium f. sp. vasinfecum and alternaria alternata, res ...201222908573
isolation of the volatile fraction from apium graveolens l. (apiaceae) by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and hydrodistillation: chemical composition and antifungal activity.apium graveolens l. (wild celery), belonging to the family of apiaceae, is a scaposus hemicryptophyte. instead, the cultivate plant is an annual or biennial herb widely used as a spice and seasoning in food. a broad range of biological activities have been attributed to a. graveolens. these include antimicrobial activity, larvicidal activity, hepatoprotective activity, nematicidal and mosquito repellent potential and antihyperlipidaemic this study, the authors compare the compositi ...201322974401
electrofusion of protoplasts from celery (apium graveolens l.) with protoplasts from the filamentous fungus aspergillus nidulans.a method was developed for electrofusion of higher-plant protoplasts from celery and protoplasts from the filamentous fungus aspergillus nidulans. initially, methods for the fusion of protoplasts from ecch species were determined individually and, subsequently, electrical parameters for fusion between the species were determined. pronase-e treatment and the presence of calcium ions markedly increased celery protoplast stability under the electrical conditions required and increased fusion freque ...198924212750
antiulcerogenic and antibacterial activities of apium graveolens essential oil and extract.this study investigates the antiulcerogenic and antibacterial activities of apium graveolens extracts. the antiulcerogenic activity was evaluated in rats by the hcl/etoh method. inhibition of gastric lesions by a. graveolens extracts was dose-dependent for both aerial part (53-76%) and seeds (51-95%). the methanolic extract as well as the aqueous extracts used at 300 mg kg(-1) dose exhibited a highly significant inhibition of gastric lesions (91% and 95%, respectively) which was similar to that ...201322934666
races of the celery pathogen fusarium oxysporum f. sp. apii are polyphyletic.fusarium oxysporum species complex (fosc) isolates were obtained from celery with symptoms of fusarium yellows between 1993 and 2013 primarily in california. virulence tests and a two-gene dataset from 174 isolates indicated that virulent isolates collected before 2013 were a highly clonal population of f. oxysporum f. sp. apii race 2. in 2013, new highly virulent clonal isolates, designated race 4, were discovered in production fields in camarillo, california. long-read illumina data were used ...201727938244
somaclonal variant uc-t3: the expression of fusarium wilt resistance in progeny arrays of celery, apium graveolens l.first generation (s1) progeny, second generation (s2) progeny, and backcross (bc) progeny of a celery (apium graveolens l. var. dulce) somaclonal variant, uc-t3, were evaluated for resistance to the fungus fusarium oxysporum f. sp. apii, race 2 (foa2). chisquare analysis of s1 progeny showed that the expression of resistance did not fit a single-locus model. s2 progeny means were similar among families, except in a heavily infested field. the lowest ranking s2 family in both the lightly infested ...199024220975
assessment of heavy metal pollution in vegetables and relationships with soil heavy metal distribution in zhejiang province, china.there are increasing concerns on heavy metal contaminant in soils and vegetables. in this study, we investigated heavy metal pollution in vegetables and the corresponding soils in the main vegetable production regions of zhejiang province, china. a total of 97 vegetable samples and 202 agricultural soil samples were analyzed for the concentrations of cd, pb, as, hg, and cr. the average levels of cd, pb, and cr in vegetable samples [chinese cabbage (brassica campestris spp. pekinensis), pakchoi ( ...201526013654
aromatic plant-derived essential oil: an alternative larvicide for mosquito control.five aromatic plants, carum carvi (caraway), apium graveolens (celery), foeniculum vulgare (fennel), zanthoxylum limonella (mullilam) and curcuma zedoaria (zedoary) were selected for investigating larvicidal potential against mosquito vectors. two laboratory-reared mosquito species, anopheles dirus, the major malaria vector in thailand, and aedes aegypti, the main vector of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in urban areas, were used. all of the volatile oils exerted significant larvicidal acti ...200717337133
larvicidal and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of apiaceae plant essential oils and their constituents against aedes albopictus and formulation development.this study evaluated the larvicidal activity of 12 apiaceae plant essential oils and their components against the asian tiger mosquito, aedes albopictus, and the inhibition of acetylcholine esterase with their components. of the 12 plant essential oils tested, ajowan (trachyspermum ammi), caraway seed (carum carvi), carrot seed (daucus carota), celery (apium graveolens), cumin (cuminum cyminum), dill (anethum graveolens), and parsley (petroselinum sativum) resulted in >90% larval mortality when ...201526500081
ethnomedicinal application of native remedies used against diabetes and related complications in mauritius.notoriously, the tropical island of mauritius has one of the highest prevalence of diabetes worldwide and the economic burden associated with it is alarming. the use of native remedies (nrs) is well anchored in the local culture and it continues to be the cornerstone of therapy for diabetic patients. however, there is currently a dearth of updated primary data on nrs used by mauritians against diabetes and diabetes related complications (drcs). this study was therefore designed to record, analyz ...201424231070
comparative analysis of radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds present in everyday use spice plants by means of spectrophotometric and chromatographic methods.comparative analysis of radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of phenolic compounds present in everyday use spice plants was carried out by means of spectrophotometric and chromatographic methods. six spice plant samples, namely onion (allium cepa), parsley (petroselinum crispum) roots and leaves, celery (apium graveolens) roots and leaves and leaves of dill (anethum graveolens) were analyzed. total amount of phenolic compounds and radical scavenging activity (rsa) was the highest in cel ...201121504067
selecting iodine-enriched vegetables and the residual effect of iodate application to soil.a greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to select vegetables for iodine uptake. the residual effect of iodate fertilization on the growth of and iodine uptake by spinach plants were also investigated. six vegetables, including leafy vegetables (pakchoi [brassica chinensis l.], spinach [spinacia oleracea l.]), tuber vegetables (onion [allium cepa l.]), shoot vegetables (water spinach [ipomoea aquatica forsk.], celery [apium graveolens l.]), and root vegetables (carrot [daucus carota var. sativa ...200415564656
alpha-tocopherol content in 62 edible tropical plants.vitamin e was determined by the high-performance liquid chromatography (hplc) method. all the plants tested showed differences in their alpha-tocopherol content and the differences were significant (p < 0.05). the highest alpha-tocopherol content was in sauropus androgynus leaves (426.8 mg/kg edible portion), followed by citrus hystrix leaves (398.3 mg/kg), calamus scipronum (193.8 mg/kg), starfruit leaves averrhoa belimbi (168.3 mg/kg), red pepper capsicum annum (155.4 mg/kg), local celery apiu ...200111410015
five herbs plus thiamine reduce pain and improve functional mobility in patients with pain: a pilot study.context • five herbs-urtica dioica (stinging nettle), boswellia serrata, equisetum arvense, allium sativum, and apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. objectives • the study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of u dioica, b serrata, e arvense, a sativum, a graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin b1), or "the blend," in the tre ...201728160759
molecular evolution of flavonoid dioxygenases in the family apiaceae.plant species of the family apiaceae are known to accumulate flavonoids mainly in the form of flavones and flavonols. three 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases, flavone synthase or flavanone 3 beta-hydroxylase and flavonol synthase are involved in the biosynthesis of these secondary metabolites. the corresponding genes were cloned recently from parsley (petroselinum crispum) leaves. flavone synthase i appears to be confined to the apiaceae, and the unique occurrence as well as its high sequenc ...200515913674
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