the polysaccharide capsule of bacteroides fragilis subspecies fragilis: immunochemical and morphologic definition.a large-molecular-weight capsular polysaccharide was isolated from strains of bacteroides fragilis subspecies fragilis. by means of electron microscopy and staining with ruthenium red, the thick polysaccharide capsule was also visualized. with use of a radioactive antigen-binding assay, antibody to this capsular polysaccharide was demonstrated in antisera prepared in rabbits to each of eight strains of b. fragilis fragilis. antibody of similar specificity was not found in antisera prepared to ba ...19761451
survival of anaerobic bacteria during transportation. 1. experimental investigations on the effect of evacuation of atmospheric air by flushing with carbon dioxide and nitrogen.the effect of evacuation of atmospheric air during transportation on recovery of anaerobic bacteria was investigated. evacuation of atmospheric air from glass tubes by flushing with pure carbon dioxide lowered the content of oxygen to about 0.4 per cent. three b. fragilis strains and one strain of fusobacterium mortiferum and of peptostreptococcus anaerobius were investigated. bacterial recovery was determined one hour and 24 hours after evacuation of atmospheric air by pure carbon dioxide and p ...19763089
in vitro susceptibility studies with josamycin and erythromycin.the in vitro activity of josamycin and erythromycin against five bacterial species was compared. in general, erythromycin was slightly more active by weight than josamycin, although both agents had a similar range of activity.19764012
in vitro activity of josamycin against aerobic gram-positive cocci and anaerobes.josamycin, a new macrolide antibiotic, was compared with ampicillin, erythromycin, and clindamycin in vitro against 25 isolates each of pneumococci, enterococci, staphylococcus aureus, s. epidermidis, and nonenterococcal hemolytic streptococci and against 25 anaerobes including 10 bacteroides fragilis. minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration data were obtained for the aerobic organisms, using serial twofold tube dilutions in mueller-hinton broth. minimal inhibitor ...19767189
formation of beta-lactamase in bacteroides fragilis: cell-bound and extracellular activity.nine strains of bacteroides fragilis were cultivated in stirred fermentors and tested for their ability to produce beta-lactamase. there was a correlation between formation of beta-lactamase and high values of the minimal inhibitory concentration against beta-lactam antibiotics. b. fragilis strain b70 was used for optimizing the production of beta-lactamase. the highest bacterial yield was obtained in a proteose peptone-yeast extract medium. optimal conditions for growth and beta-lactamase produ ...19767997
bacterial interference by oropharynegeal and clinical isolates of anaerobic bacteria.anaerobic isolates were tested for bacterial inhibitory activity. of 144 isolates, 102 were from oropharynegeal washings, and 42 were from clinical specimens. thirteen facultative bacterial species (seven members of the enterobacteriaceae and six species of gram-positive cocci) were used as indicators of inhibition. eleven anaerobic species were isolated from oral secretions. all isolates of bacteroides melaninogenicus, the most commonly recovered species, consistently inhibited several species ...197610336
purification and characterization of bile salt hydrolase from bacteroides fragilis subsp. fragilis.a high-molecular-weight (250 000) bile salt hydrolase (cholylglycine hydrolase, ec 3.5.-.-) was isolated and purified 128-fold from the "spheroplast lysate" fraction prepared from bacteroids fragilis subsp. fragilis atcc 25285. the intact enzyme had a molecular weight of approx. 250 000 as determined by gel infiltration chromatography. one major protein band, corresponding to a molecular weight of 32 500, was observed on 7% sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of pooled frac ...197610993
susceptibility of phosphomycin as a differential character for gram negative anaerobic bacilli. 197611203
activity of spectinomycin against anaerobes.the in vitro inhibitory activity of spectinomycin was tested against various anaerobic bacteria. different results were obtained with different media and with different initial ph's of the media. the highest minimum inhibitory concentrations for bacteroides fragilis (formula: see text 128 mug/ml) were obtained with the use of wilkins-chalgren agar (ph 7.2) and brucella blood agar (ph 7.0). brucella blood agar at higher ph's (7.4 and 8.0) and mueller-hinton and diagnostic sensitivity test agars p ...197718985
antimicrobial activity of human ascitic fluid. 197719339
chemical composition, serological reactivity and endotoxicity of lipopolysaccharides extracted in different ways from bacteroides fragilis, bacteroides melaninogenicus and bacteroides oralis.lipopolysaccharides (lps) extracted from strains of bacteroides fragilis, bacteroides melaninogenicus and bacteroides oralis with phenol-water, trichloroacetic acid, edta or liquid phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether (pcp) and isolated by ultracentrifugation, varied considerably in their quantitative chemical composition. negligible yields of lps were obtained by pcp-extraction. all preparations were more or less serologically active. all methods (except pcp) extracted the same o-antigenic determi ...197719922
comparison of the ribonucleoproteins of different rabies virus serotypes by radioimmunoassay.radioimmunoassay (ria) provides a sensitive serological procedure for detecting rabies virus ribonucleoprotein (rnp) as well as its specific antibodies, ria was carried out using highly purified rnps labelled by the chloramine-t method. this paper describes optimal conditions for iodination of rnp with high specific activity. the optimal concentrations of 125i, rnp, chloramine-t, and reducing agent as well as the effect of ph on the reaction were investigated. ria proved to be extremely sensitiv ...197722569
current aspects of gas gangrene, apropos of 47 cases collected over a 3-year period (1974-1976).on the basis of 47 cases of gas gangrene collected over the three year period between 1974 and 1976, the authors review the circumstances surrounding its development, the clinical features and the prognosis of the disorder which remains grave despite a well-defined therapeutic protocol combining surgery, antibiotics and hyperbaric oxygen. there would appear to be a real resurgence of the disease at the present time. post-traumatic and surgical aetiologies predominate, giving rise to two types of ...197723023
bacteroides fragilis septicemia.on the basis of eight cases of bacteroides fragilis septicaemia, the authors review recent data from the literature related to this topic. they first note the increasing prevalence, accounting for approximately 10 per cent of all septicaemias at the present time. they note that the most frequent portals of entry are sites of localised suppuration, related on the one hand to digestive or gynaecological surgery and, secondly, to the post-partum or post-abortum period. from a therapeutic standpoint ...197723026
the hydrolysis of dextran by gram negative non-sporing anaerobic bacilli. 197724035
quantitative evaluation of three commercial blood culture media for growth of anaerobic organisms.the ability of three different commercial blood culture media--brain heart infusion broth (pfizer), thiol broth (difco), and prs-peptone broth (becton, dickinson & co.)--to support the growth of five different anaerobes is described. inocula of 100 and 1,000 colony-forming units per ml were used to evaluate potential differences in survival, lag time, growth rate, and doubling times of each anaerobe in each medium. in addition, each medium was evaluated for its ability to neutralize the antibact ...197824059
formation of glycosidases in batch and continuous culture of bacteroides fragilis.nine strains of bacteroides fragilis were cultivated in stirred fermentors and tested for their ability to produce glycosidases. b. fragilis subsp. vulgatus b70 was used for optimizing the production of glycosidases. the highest bacterial yield was obtained in proteose peptone-yeast extract medium. the optimum ph for maximal bacterial yield was 7.0, and the optimum temperature for growth was 37 degrees c. the formation of glycosidases was optimal between ph 6.5 and 7.5, and the optimum temperatu ...197825044
the bactericidal activity of nitrofurantoin and metronidazole against anaerobic bacteria. 197825874
antibiotic susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria with special reference to bacteroides was shown that recent swedish clinical isolates of anaerobic bacteria are susceptible to many antibiotics by the agar dilution method with the exception of the bacteroides group versus beta-lactam antibiotics or tetracyclines. strains of b. fragilis were inhibited by 4--greater than 128 micrograms benzylpenicillin or cephalothin/ml, 1.0--64 micrograms cefoxitin/ml, 0.064--2 micrograms clindamycin or metronidazole/ml, 2--8 micrograms chloramphenicol/ml, 2--16 micrograms fusidic acid/ml and 0.0 ...197937593
characterization of anaerobic gram-negative bacilli by using rapid slide tests for beta-lactamase production.a total of 175 isolates of anaerobic gram-negative bacilli were tested for beta-lactamase production by using a slide test modification of the chromogenic cephalosporin (nitrocefin, glaxo, middlesex, england) assay and the iodometric slide test. included isolates were bacteroides melaninogenicus (46), b. fragilis (78), other bacteroides isolates (21), fusobacterium (25), and other gram-negative bacilli (5). both slide tests detected 25 b. melaninogenicus isolates that were beta-lactamase produce ...197941001
fluorescent antibody test kit for rapid detection and identification of members of the bacteroides fragilis and bacteroides melaninogenicus groups in clinical specimens.the fluoretec fluorescent antibody test kit (pfizer inc., new york, n.y.), developed for the rapid detection of members of the bacteroides fragilis and b. melaninogenicus groups, was evaluated by testing 58 stock cultures and 76 clinical specimens. the test reagents detected 100% of 40 b. fragilis and b. thetaiotaomicron stock culture strains, although only 22% of 18 b. vulgatus, b. distasonis, and b. ovatus strains showed positive fluorescence. the 76 clinical specimens were evaluated by examin ...197941847
rapid diagnosis of anaerobic infections by gas-liquid was postulated that the short chain fatty acids (scfa) produced by anaerobic bacteria might serve as microbial markers in purulent material. eighteen pus specimens from various sources were analysed by gas-liquid chromatography (glc), and the scfa detected were compared with the microorganisms isolated by conventional methods. it was found that the detection of propionic, isobutyric, butyric, or isovaleric acids by direct glc of pus specimens is strong evidence for anaerobic infection but not ...197941850
virulence factors of anaerobic bacteria: summary of the symposium. 197944924
letter: tk-polyagglutination in bacteroides fragilis septicaemia. 197546439
bacteroides: an unusual cause of breast abscess.three cases of breast abscess from which the non-sporing anaerobe bacteroides was isolated are described. this organism has apparently not previously been reported as a cause of abscess in a breast without underlying malignancy.197659152
a gram stain for smears of blood cultures, body fluids and tissues.a new gram stain method for blood cultures was adapted from a method for tissue sections. this was accomplished by comparing various modifications of the latter method on positive smears prepared from a 24-hour negative blood culture seeded with staphylococcus aureus and escherichia coli. a blind study was then conducted using the new method and hucker's method on 24-hour and 72-hour blood cultures as well as a limited number of other body fluids and tissues. of the 35 positive blood cultures de ...197662513
the immunochemical investigations of six bacteroides serotypes. 197665113
cross-reactivity of bacteroides fragilis o antigens.the cross-reactivity of o antigens prepared from bacteroides fragilis, other bacteroides species and from fusobacterium has been examined by indirect haemagglutination and inhibition of haemagglutination. fifteen of 20 b. fragilis ss. fragilis strains showed o-antigenic cross-reactivity with one or more of the test strains of b. fragilis ss. fragilis: nctc 9343, lille e 323 and sbl b55. the same applies also to 3 strains classified as b. coagulans, b. hypermegas and b. putredinis. the multispeci ...197765902
identification of the presence and type of biliary microflora by immediate gram stains.immediate gram stains were performed on gallbladder bile aspirated at the start of an operation for biliary disease in 191 consecutive patients undergoing elective biliary surgery. the results of the gram stains were telephoned to the operating theater within 20 minutes of collection. the over-all accuracy rate of the telephone gram stain reports compared with the subsequent bile cultures was 77 percent. the incidence of false-positive results was 12 percent, and false-negative results were reco ...197766763
bacteroides fragilis meningitis. 197769093
prophylactic systemic antibiotics in colorectal surgery.the prophylactic value of gentamicin combined with either lincomycin or metronidazole in 52 patients undergoing colorectal surgery was investigated. the results confirmed the value of this practice. in a control group, the sepsis-rate was 48% with 1 death attributable to sepsis, compared with a sepsis-rate of 4% in the treated group. the combination of gentamicin and lincomycin was effective against sepsis but pseudomembranous colitis developed in 2 of the 14 patients treated with this combinati ...197769126
clavulanic acid and susceptibility of bacteroides fragilis to penicillin. 197769229
fluorescent-antibody studies on selected strains of bacteroides fragilis subspecies fragilis.antisera against seven strains of bacteroides fragilis subspecies fragilis were produced from dense suspensions of whole cells. these sera exhibited high agglutination titers with homologous antigens. reciprocal cross-reactions in agglutination tests with each immunizing strain yielded lower titers. both the indirect and direct fluorescent-antibody techniques were used to evaluate these reagents in the serological identification of 24 defined strains of b. fragilis subspecies fragilis. subspecie ...197772076
bacteroides fragilis resistant to metronidazole after long-term therapy. 197874641
pseudomembranous colitis. 197877373
chemotherapy of brain abscess. 197882092
cefoxitin sodium activity against anaerobes: effect of the inoculum size, ph variation and different culture media. 197829027
bacteroides species in subareolar breast abscess. 197984281
study of the glycolipid composition of the milk fat-globule membrane and the mouse mammary tumour virus prepared from the milk of infected swiss mice [proceedings]. 197884579
localization of nors in chromosomes of mouse cell lines by a combined 33258-hoechst and ag-staining technique. 197984805
o-antigenic specificity of lipopolysaccharides from bacteroides fragilis ss. fragilis.lipopolysaccharides (lps) isolated from three strains of bacteroides fragilis ss. fragilis were examined by indirect haemagglutination and inhibition of haemagglutination in unabsorbed and absorbed rabbit antisera. six different antigenic specificities were detected. all serological activity was destroyed by oxidation of lps with periodate.197552280
highly purified insulins. 197985008
relationship of intracellular 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate accumulation to parathyroid hormone release from dispersed bovine parathyroid cells. 197885548
[antibiotic treatment in acute peritonitis].the selection depends on several factors and in particular: -the means of transport by which the antibiotic reaches the peritoneum : the aminosides and the betalactamines attain the peritoneum easily while the polymyxins do not; -the causative agent: most often it is a gram negative aerobic or anaerobic bacteria. the entero-bacteria predominate but in the last few years bacteroides fragilis has been frequently encountered giving rise to numerous studies. the flora is most often polymicrobic. th ...197835071
metronidazole-resistant bacteroides from untreated patient. 197986085
x-linked immunocompetence and epstein-barr virus oncogenesis. 197986133
[perichordal necroses. contribution to the understanding of the spinal column morphogenesis].in 12--15 days old rat embryos and 12 days old mouse embryos vitally stained by acridin orange, a perichordal necrosis appears, showing metameric intensifications at the level of the dense sclerotomites. similar aspects were detected in serially sectioned rabbit and human embryos (6--7 mm c.r. length). the authors correlate the necrotic zones mentioned with the inductive functions of the notochord.197886154
chemical and serological comparison of two antigen extracts of thermoactinomyces candidus. 197986157
[bacteriological studies of peritonitis].bacterial infections of the peritoneum may be primary (pneumococcal peritonitis of childhood). these are rare, as are streptococcal and staphylococcal peritonitis in the neonate, following umbilical or tegumental infections. the great majority of cases of peritonitis are secondary to an adjacent inflammation, a perforation of the gastro-intestinal tract, or trauma, which may be surgical in origin. the microbial flora involved is generally mixed, with a high proportion of anaerobic organisms, ref ...197835067
[intratypical antigenic differentiation of poliovirus strains circulating in mali by means of cross-adsorbed sera].the intratypic antigenic differentiation of poliovirus strains isolated from sick or healthy children in mali in 1975-1976 was performed. the method is based on the use of cross-adsorbed sera in the neutralization tests in which the virus is titrated by the plaque procedure or by the cytopathic effect. all the examined strains of serologic types i, ii, and iii were distinguished by the antigenic structure from the vaccine strains and were classified as "wild". quantitative differences in the ant ...197886237
the use of trypan blue for counterstaining in the sepharose bead immunofluorescence test. the application of the test for the demonstration of primate retrovirus-specific antibodies and antigens.the sepharose bead immunoflurorescence test was performed by counterstaining the beads with trypan blue. this results in a red staining of negative beads which allows an easy distinction from positive green-fluorescent beads. sepharose beads conjugated with viral proteins or antiviral antibodies were used to demonstrate mason-pfizer monkey virus (mpmw)- and simian sarcoma virus (ssv) - specific antigens or antibodies. the test shows a high sensitivity and specificity and needs a small amount of ...197886253
ultrastructure of bacteroides species: bacteroides asaccharolyticus, bacteroides fragilis, bacteroides melaninogenicus subspecies melaninogenicus, and b. melaninogenicus subspecies intermedius.representative strains of two subspecies of bacteroides melaninogenicus (subspecies melaninogenicus and subspecies intermedius) and bacteroides asaccharolyticus as well as b. asaccharolyticus strain 536b isolated from a human perirectal abscess and bacteroides fragilis atcc 25285 were examined by glutaraldehyde-osmium fixation, ruthenium red fixation and staining, and thorium hydroxyde staining as well as by the physical preparative techniques of critical point drying--transmission electron micr ...197986590
metronidazole in the prophylaxis and treatment of anaerobic infection.the influence of prophylactic metronidazole on vaginal carriage rates of anaerobes and the development of postoperative anaerobic infection was studied in 104 women who underwent abdominal hysterectomy. metronidazole prophylaxis in 54 patients led to a decrease in the anaerobe vaginal carriage rate from 65% pre-operatively to 17% and 28% on the 3rd and 7th postoperative days respectively. in the control group (50 patients) no significant decrease in anaerobe yield was noted, corresponding percen ...197833454
chronotropic response of isolated atria to acid base alterations.the effect of acid-base alterations on spontaneous rate was analysed using isolated atria exposed to cumulative degrees of acidosis produced either by adding hcl or by increasing pco2 in the incubation medium. frequncy vs. ph curves were made to assess chronotropic response to acid-base changes. heart rate was increased in alkalosis and decreased when the ph of the medium was lowered. both "respiratory" and "metabolic" alterations affected the contraction rate to the same extent. decreasing ph f ...197887182
similarity of casein- and endotoxin-induced, myeloma- associated and aged sjl/j amyloid in various strains of mice.amyloidosis was induced in a number of strains of mice by repeated injections of casein and endotoxin. spontaneous amyloid was obtained from balb/c mice bearing a myeloma tumor (igg2a producing mopc 173 tumor) and from aged sjl/j mice. both the induced and spontaneous forms were similar in their size, immunological reactivity, peptide maps and in the susceptibility of histological sections to oxidizing agents with or without trypsin digestion. since case-induced murine amyloid resembles the noni ...197987374
denaturization of allergen p: effect on allergenicity, antigenicity and immunogenicity.when allergen p was denatured by 8m urea, the modified molecule still reacted with ige specific for the native allergen but not with hemagglutinating antibodies. heating at 100 degrees c abolished the reaction in both cases. the results suggested differences between allergenic and antigenic capacities which may be based on structural differences of the antigenic determinants.197988195
4th international workshop on human gene mapping. report of the committee on the genetic constitution of the x and y chromosomes. 197888299
endotoxins of anaerobic gram-negative rods.endotoxic lipopolysaccharides (lps) isolated from fusobacterium are similar to those of salmonella with respect to chemical composition, o-antigenic specificity and endotoxic activity. bacteroides lps are highly atypical with respect to the chemical composition, and their endotoxic activity is low. o-antigenic specificity is present. b. fragilis lps is chemotactic for polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vitro and in vivo. the chemotactic activity is brought about by activation of the alternative com ...197988759
on the occurrence of serum antibodies to bacteroides fragilis and serogroups of e. coli in patients with crohn's disease.eight strains of bacteroides fragilis, five isolated from patients with crohn's disease and three from healthy individuals, and according to biochemical tests belonging to four subspecies, were subjected to a serologic examination with tube agglutination and passive hemagglutination (ha) tests using hyperimmune rabbit antisera. a close antigenic relationship was demonstrated between two of the strains and minor relationships between three other strains. cross absorption experiments showed that t ...197988760
beta-lactamases in bacteroides.bacteroides fragilis is responsible for most anaerobic infections in man. most isolates of b. fragilis show resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. this resistance might be due to beta-lactamase production or permeability barrier in the cell wall. b. fragilis produce beta-lactamase with mainly cephalosporinase activity. other bacteroides species such as b. clostridiformis, b. melaninogenicus and b. oralis also produce beta-lactamase but with different biochemical characteristics.197828561
the pathophysiology of asthma.because postmortem studies of humans provide little information on the initial pathophysiologic events in asthma, animal models have been developed. recently the ascaris-allergic rhesus monkey has provided an opportunity to examine the onset of pathophysiologic changes following challenge and to correlate them with airway structure. these studies have suggested that the initial interaction between antigen and mast cells may occur in the bronchial lumen or in the epithelium superficial to the tig ...197989006
disposition of the pulmonary toxin, bleomycin.the disposition of bleomycin in rats was investigated with the use of a 57co-labeled bleomycin radioimmunoassay. bleomycin (1 mg/kg, ip) reached a peak serum level of 0.7-1.0 microgram/ml in 54 +/- 4 min (mean +/- se) and was eliminated with a t 1/2 of 32 +/- 1 min. the apparent volume of distribution in rats was 184 +/- 11 ml/kg. no change in t 1/2 was observed when rats were pretreated with phenobarbital (1 mg/ml in drinking water for 4 days) or exposed to ozone (3 ppm, 24 hr). probenecid (0.2 ...197989025
mac-1: a macrophage differentiation antigen identified by monoclonal antibody. 197989034
preparative isolation of the cell receptor for immunoglobulin e. 197989114
inheritance of tolerance susceptibility to human gamma-globulin in congenic mice.the genetic control of susceptibility to tolerance induction with human gamma-globulin (hgg) was studied by using h-2 congenic mice. strains tested that were congenic with c57bl/10sn were completely tolerized by 1.0 mg deaggregated hgg. in contrast a/sn mice showed full tolerance whereas a.sw mice were only intermediately tolerant. it was further shown that (b10 x sjl)f1 mice could be rendered tolerant but (b10.s x sjl)f1 mice could not. these data indicate a role for h-2 linked genes in control ...197989162
effect of contrast media on the rate of oxidation of nadp.h and nad.h by rat liver microsomes.the effect of roentgen-contrast media on the activity of the nadp'n and nad'n-dependent electron-transport chains of the rats liver microsomes was studied. bilignost, cardiotrast, triiotrast and triombrin are shown to lower the rate of the nadp'n oxidation by the rats' liver microsomes and have no effect (except for triiotrast) upon the rate of the nad'n oxidation. it is presumed that the relative resistance of the nad'n-specific flavoproteid is due to the presence of a hydrophobic layer impervi ...197720329
definition of cellular immune responses to brain antigens in human head trauma.cellular immune responses to brain antigens in patients with head injury were studied by applying the leukocyte adherence inhibition (lai) assay. the investigation was conducted in three phases. 1) in the initial phase, evaluation of a series of 22 test and 25 control cases obtained at random during a 2- to 6-week time frame following a traumatic event indicated significant non-adherence of leukocytes (nal) in 77% of the test group and 20% of the control group in the presence of brain antigen. 2 ...197989190
antigenic changes associated with liver carcinogenesis.carcinogen-induced experimental hepatomas are often characterized by new individually distinct antigens capable of inducing tumor immunity in syngeneic hosts. these antigens arise as a consequence of cell-carcinogen interaction and may result from modification or replacement of normal cell-surface components. their role in immunosurveillance is not established, but they offer a target for tumor immunotherapy. reexpressed fetal antigens have also been detected, either as secretory products (alpha ...197989200
the glomerulus. 197989456
cea-like antigens in different histologic types of human lung carcinoma.comparative studies on the presence and immunological reactivity of cea and cea-like antigens in lung and digestive tract cancers were performed. specific goat and rabbit anti-cea immune sera were used. immunofluorescence studies revealed in histologically different types of the lung carcinomas the presence of the cross reacting antigen with classical cea. absorption procedures, and double diffusion tests have shown the existence of two at least antigenic determinants in cea molecule: 1. the det ...197989630
[experimental study on intraventricular and intrathecal administration of antibiotics (author's transl)]. 197989640
rapid diagnosis of bacteroides infections by indirect immunofluorescence assay of clinical specimens.43 specimens from a variety of sites were directly examined by indirect immunofluorescence assay (i.f.a.) with specific antisera against the capsular polysaccharide of bacteroides fragilis and pooled antisera against a number of serotypes of bacteroides sp. (all of the former b. fragilis subspecies). the findings were compared with those of routine anaerobic bacteriology and gas liquid chromatography for short chain fatty acids. examination by i.f.a. was a sensitive (100%) and specific (90.3%) m ...197984899
observations concerning the staining properties of the macroconidia of certain dermatophyton species.staining of the macroconidia of several dermatophyton species by lactophenol-cotton blue was investigated. young macroconidia stain variably; their cytoplasm may appear homogeneous or inhomogeneous. the possible explanation seems to be variation in the composition of the cytoplasm. in some macroconidia dark-staining filament was seen along the longitudinal axis. mature macroconidia showed basal or basal+apical homogeneous deep staining. the intensive apical staining suggests that the apical stru ...197889788
histamine-releasing effect of a corticotrophin derivative. ii. mechanism of action of histamine release by c 44 680-ba, compared with that of cpd. 48/80, dextran and triton.the mechanism of the histamine-liberating action of the synthetic polypeptide c 44 680-ba, an alkyl-prolyl derivative of beta 1-19 corticotrophin, was investigated and compared with those of compound 48/80, dextran, melittin and triton x-100. it was found that the release of histamine from rat peritoneal cells induced by the polypeptide is dependent on temperature, ph, calcium ions and energy-providing processes. in regard to these criteria, the mode of action of this histamine liberator resembl ...197989804
antibodies in histoplasmosis detected by use of yeast and mycelial antigens in immunodiffusion and electroimmunodiffusion. 197989825
[alterations in pharmacokinetics during toxicity tests (author's transl)].some possible reasons are discussed which may lead to changes in the pharmacokinetics of a drug during long-term toxicity tests. since most of these alterations have toxicological consequences, their evaluation can be helpful in the interpretation of toxicity studies. furthermore, and altered pharmacokinetic profile may be a diagnostic tool for the detection of organ damage (e.g., eliminatory organs). in this paper three examples of the "radioactive test dose method" are shown. this method allow ...197889849
coupling between neuronal activity and focal blood flow in experimental seizures.local blood flow, ecog and single cortical neurone activity were recorded simultaneously from single microelectrodes in 17 cats. seizures were induced by repeated intravenous injections of pentylenetetrazol (ptz, 10-20 mg/kg) or by local application of 1 m na-penicillin. seven to 20 sec after appearance of burst activity in cortical neurones and ecog, focal flow increased up to 300% of control. the extent of this flow increase was significantly correlated with the change in firing rate of the ne ...197989943
a functional measure of brain activity: brain stem transmission time.surface-recorded auditory nerve and brain stem responses are being used routinely for diagnostic purposes in man. when interest is in auditory diagnosis, the electric response threshold is of primary importance. however, when used in neurological diagnosis, the wave form of the response is important. as a measure of one aspect of response wave form, this paper suggests the use of brain stem transmission time (btt), defined as the time interval between the first earlobe-negative wave (response of ...197989952
vasoactive intestinal peptide (vip) stimulates prolactin (prl) release and camp production in a rat pituitary cell line (gh3/b6). additive effects of vip and trh on prl release. 197989971
ribosomal ambiguity (ram) mutations facilitate diyhydrostreptomycin binding to ribosomes. 197989972
distribution of myosin isoenzymes among skeletal muscle fiber types.using an immunocytochemical approach, we have demonstrated a preferential distribution of myosin isoenzymes with respect to the pattern of fiber types in skeletal muscles of the rat. in an earlier study, we had shown that fluorescein-labeled antibody against "white" myosin from the chicken pectoralis stained all the white, intermediate and about half the red fibers of the rat diaphragm, a fast-twitch muscle (gauthier and lowey, 1977). we have now extended this study to include antibodies prepare ...197990047
anaerobic subareolar breast abscess.15 non-puerperal women with breast abscess were seen during one year. in 8, anaerobes were cultured from pus obtained from the abscess, in 6, staphylococcus aureus was grown, and in 1 the pus was sterile on culture. all 7 breast abscesses in puerperal women seen during the same period were staphylococcal. the anaerobic abscesses were all subareolar; they were recurrent in 4 patients and were associated with retracted nipples in 7. the anaerobes isolated were those found as normal commensals in t ...197983476
a case of atypical polyagglutinability due to tk-transformation.a case of acquired transient polyagglutinability in a group o, rh(d) positive female patient, wa, is described. an unusual finding in the preliminary serological investigation was the non-reaction of the cells with peanut (arachis hypogaea) extract. the patient's red cells were strongly agglutinated by normal human and rabbit sera from which anti-t had been removed. electrophoretic mobility studies and tests with polybrene indicated that their sialic acid content was normal. the use of a specifi ...197883151
the use of avidin-biotin interaction in immunoenzymatic techniques.biotin was covalently attached to antibodies, antigens and enzymes, and the effects of this labeling on the antigen and antibody binding capacity and on enzymatic activity were tested. based on avidin-biotin interaction, the labeled proteins were used in quantitative enzyme-immunoassay and enzyme-immunohistochemical staining procedures. two procedures were developed. in the first procedure, named the bridged avidin-biotin (brab) technique four steps were used sequentially in order to quantify or ...197990074
effects of arachidonic acid and its metabolites on antigen-induced histamine release from human basophils in vitro. 197990097
rapid detection of malaria and other bloodstream parasites by fluorescence microscopy with 4'6 diamidino-2-phenylindole (dapi).dapi is a fluorescent dye which appears to complex specifically with dna. we have used this probe to detect and identify malarial infections by fluorescence microscopy. experiments were conducted using plasmodium berghei yoeli--infected mouse blood, p. lophurae--infected duck blood, and p. vivax--infected human blood. infected avian blood was used to detect parasites within nucleated erythrocytes. control blood smears from uninfected hosts revealed fluorescence only in the leukocytes of mammalia ...197990141
structure of products of the moloney murine leukemia virus endogenous dna polymerase reaction.we have investigated the process by which the single-stranded rna genome of moloney murine leukemia virus is copied into dna in vitro. dna synthesis if initiated near the 5' end of the genome, and the elongation of the growing chain occurs by a jumping mechanism whereby the dna synthesized at the 5' end of the genome is elongated along the 3' end. unique dna fragments synthesized beyond the 5' end of the genome in vitro have, at their 5' and 3' ends, copies of unique sequences from the 5' and 3' ...197990161
steroid treatment of male subfertility caused by antisperm antibodies.47 subfertile men with significant titres of antisperm antibodies were treated with one of two steroid regimens. the results were assessed by changes in sperm-counts and in serum antibody titres and by subsequent pregnancies. 15 oligozoospermic men were treated with prednisone 5 mg three times a day for 3--12 months. sperm-counts became normal in 10 men and 4 of their wives became pregnant. 14 men with normal sperm-counts received the same treatment: antibody titres fell slightly and 3 of their ...197990218
surface structure of mammalian articular cartilage viewed at low temperature. 197990268
polyribonucleotide inhibition of ribonucleic acid directed deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase of mouse mammary tumor (type b) virus and simian sarcoma (type c) virus. 197990331
the elephant man. 197990342
detection by antihapten antibodies of liver-bound compounds related to azocarcinogens or their metabolites.the localization of known azocarcinogens and metabolites such as p-aminoazobenzene and n-methyl-p-aminoazobenzene bound to components of liver cells of rats fed single or multiple doses of 3'-methyl-p-dimethylaminoazobenzene has been determined with the use of antibodies raised against p'-azo-p-aminoazobenzene and p'-azo-n-monomethyl-p-aminoazobenzene in the indirect fluorescent antibody procedure. these 2 antisera reacted with liver cells of rats fed 3'-methyl-p-dimethylaminoazobenzene, p'-amin ...197990352
[pharmacological properties and antitumor activity of a preparation diiodo-benzo-tepa in experiments].experimental data on the pharmacokinetics, toxicity, antitumor activity of the antitumor drug diiodo-benzo-tepa are reported.197990429
the expression of a human b-lymphocyte antigen and surface membrane immunoglobulin by lymphoid cells from patients with lymphocytic lymphoma, multiple myeloma and benign monoclonal gammapathy. 197990449
isolation and immunological reactivity of soluble fractions from rat seminiferous tubule basement membrane.a preparation rich in basement membranes isolated from rat testes (stbm) was exposed to pepsin, collagenase, trypsin, and pronase to obtain soluble fractions. the immunological reactivity of these fractions was studied by gel immunodiffusion or by passive hemagglutination tests against an anti-stbm serum. all fractions reacted with the antiserum, but the highest titer was detected when the antiserum was reacted with a fraction that contained only traces of hydroxyproline (fraction 1), whereas lo ...197990490
strain differences in tolerance induction to human gamma-globulin subclasses: dependence on macrophages. 197990559
in vitro studies of the replication of moloney murine leukemia virus. 197990575
bowel preparation for surgery. 197882688
biosynthesis of a blood-group-i determinant reacting with anti-i ma serum (group 1).a blood-group-i determinant reacting specifically with anti-i ma serum (group 1) has been produced biosynthetically by the action of a beta-galactosyl transferase isolated from human milk on a precursor glycoprotein produced by formic acid hydrolysis and beta-d-galactosidase action on blood-group h substance prepared from hog gastric mucosa.197990615
[animal experimental studies on the volume expanding effect of hydroxyethyl starch 40000 in the dog acute hemorrhagic shock].after acute hemorrhagic shock in dogs the hemodynamics of hydroxyethyl starch (mw: 40,000) are studied. the experiment shows that this plasma expander has a good efficiency for 3 to 4 hours. the indications of application of this colloidal solution are discussed.197990651
Displaying items 1 - 100 of 10047