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value of sputum culture in diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia.in our laboratory, culture of sputum was extremely useful in diagnosing the etiology of pneumococcal pneumonia. of 31 consecutive patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia, 29 (94%) had streptococcus pneumoniae cultured from sputum. recovery of pneumococci in culture was enhanced by anaerobic incubation as well as by a plate bile test and an optochin disk on a primary blood agar plate.197718489
environment and selfsufficiency of elder man (author's transl).the problems of environment of elderly people are concentrated in social area and in the intimate living space, which can not be maintained sufficiently because of increasing age and decreasing performance. the consequences of mobility in industrial revolution scattered families and also deprived old men of their helpers. inadequate living rooms and absence of technical comfort especially in the houses of the very aged men produce intense dependence of the own individual performance. medical dat ...197827118
leprosy's footprints in bone-marrow histiocytes. 197985259
the puzzle of "urethral syndrome": a possible answer?82 strains of slow-growing, co2-dependent, gram-positive organisms have been isolated from the urine of 9 male and 73 female patients. 100% of the men and 93% of the women had urinary symptoms at the time of isolation, and 66% of the specimens showed pyuria. these organisms might account for the urinary symptoms of some patients previously diagnosed as having "urethral syndrome". preliminary data show that, if appropriate antibacterial treatment is given, most of these patients become symptom-fr ...197986778
studies on the mechanism and specificity of inhibition of ribonucleic acid polymerase by linear gramicidin. 197991383
antigenic correlation between rat brain synaptic vesicles and rat bone marrow b lymphocytes.rabbit anti-rat brain synaptic vesicle serum reacted with thymocytes and b lymphocytes in cytotoxicity and immunofluorescence assays. quantitative absorption analysis revealed that this antiserum contained antibodies specific for antigenic determinants on the surface membrane of a subpopulation of rat bone marrow b lymphocytes.197991533
response to immunological or cholinergic stimulation of isolated mast cells from man, guinea pig and rat. 197991954
[measurement for serum thyroxine-binding globulin (tbg) and its clinical assessment in diagnosis of thyroid states (author's transl)].serum levels of thyroxine (t4)-binding globulin (tbg) were determined by a radioimmunoassay using cellulose-linked antibody to tbg. values obtained in healthy young adults averaged 1.62 +/- 0.25 (sd) mg/100 ml, and no significant difference wwas detected between males and females. the tbg levels remained within the normal limit in hyperthyroidism while they were significantly increased in hypothyroidism. interestingly enough, tbg levels were significantly elevated in chronic thyroidities with no ...197992043
[cutaneous leishmaniasis. alcoy: an endemic zone]. 197992178
the antagonistic effect of dexamethasone and insulin on alpha-fetoprotein secretion by cultured h4-ii-e-c3 cells derived from the reuber h-35 hepatoma. 197992316
[vasodilator activity of co2 in newly formed subcutaneous gas pockets in rats (proceedings)]. 197992930
[two-layer rocket-electrophoresis on cellulose-acetate membranes].two-floor rocket-electrophoresis on gelatinated acetate cellulose membrane "cellogel" has been developed. the method is based on electroimmunodiffusion detection of the antigen on the acetate-cellulose membranes, containing monospecific antiserum of the test-system. the procedure is followed by the detection of precipitation bands ("rockets") by staining, if the reaction is conducted in the visible zone or by the further treatment of the acetate-cellulose strips, containing invisible precipitate ...197993004
the binding of streptomycin to ribonucleotides.incubation of streptomycin (sm) with [32p]5'-ribonucleotides at ph 7.0 produces fractions that migrate towards the cathode in high voltage electrophoresis (hve) separations at ph 3.5. sm appears to interact with pg, pa and pc but not with pu. the appearance of these [32p]-labeled fractions is dependent on incubation time and sm concentration. incubation of nucleotides with dihydrostreptomycin (dsm) or sm reduced with sodium cyanoborohydride (nabh3cn) at ph 5.0, does not produce detectable change ...197993596
[allergenic properties of the blood serum of drug allergy patients]. 197993831
altered methylation of adenine in 23 s ribosomal rna associated with erythromycin resistance in streptomyces erythreus and streptococcus fecalis. 197994004
reversal of serotonin vasodilatation in the dog external carotid bed by sympathetic denervation.in view of the conflicting reports of both constrictor and dilator effects of serotonin on the external carotid vascular bed of dogs, the influence of intraarterial infusions of the amine on blood flow through this territory was assessed by electromagnetic flowmeter techniques. in anesthetized intact dogs, serotonin produced dose-related increases in flow. these vasodilator responses were markedly diminished after ipsilateral vagotomy and were followed by delayed vasoconstriction, which then bec ...197994376
hemodynamic consequences of administration of phentolamine or nitroprusside with dopamine in the dog.dopamine was administered intravenously to two groups of anesthetized dogs at rates of 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 micrograms/kg/min. after the 20 micrograms/kg/min infusion, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, renal blood flow, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and left ventricular filling pressure were increased. the dopamine infusion was continued in both groups of animals. in group i phentolamine was administered at rates of 2.5, 5, and 7.5 micrograms/kg/min; in group ii sodium nitroprusside at rates ...197994404
effect of silica on a culture of rat peritoneal macrophages. 197994527
a biochemical comparison of development of various facial bones in neonatal rats. 197994540
assessment of immunocytochemical techniques with particular reference to the mixed-aggregation immunocytochemical technique.antibody-mediated assays are believed to be the most sensitive and specific techniques for antigen localization available to date, but they need extensive controls if specific and quantitative results are to be obtained. problems arise from both the antibody source and the antigen in the tissue preparation. specificity of the antibody is often difficult to prove in any direct or indirect antibody technique. when markers are coupled to antibody, binding and diffusion properties of the antibody ar ...197995185
lower levels of thyrotropin-releasing hormone-degrading activity in human cord and in maternal sera than in the serum of euthyroid, nonpregnant adults.thyrotropin-releasing hormone (trh)-degrading activity was investigated in human cord, maternal, and euthyroid adult sera by measuring (a) the rate of disappearance of trh and (b) the rate of formation of degradation products. the rate of trh degradation in cord and maternal sera was 25-33% of that in euthyroid adult serum. concomitantly, in cord and maternal sera, the rate of formation of proline, a major trh degradation product in serum, was one-quarter to one-third that in euthyroid adult ser ...197896140
behaviour of solute and particle markers in the stomach of sheep given a concentrate diet.1. fistulated sheep given a concentrate diet were used to study the behaviour of solute ([51cr]edta) and particle ([103ru]phenanthroline) markers in the stomach under conditions of continuous feeding. 2. an injection of a mixed dose of [51cr]edta and [103ru]phenanthroline was given into the rumen and the time course of marker concentrations in the rumen and the abomasum was recorded. the curves were analysed on the assumption that the stomach of the sheep could be represented as two mixing compa ...197896850
the bilateral response of the temporal muscle in the rhesus monkey (macaca mulatta) to short-term detachment of the muscle and increased loading of the mandible.the electromyographic background activity of the temporal muscle was observed after short-term detachment of the muscle and with increased loads on the mandible. detachment of the muscle increased its mean spike discharge within the first 24 days but without significant changes in the spectral components. loading the mandible decreased both the spike discharge and spectral components.197798541
changes in composition of tears of malnourished children. 197898738
enzymic profile of the semen of bovines (bubalus bubalis and bos taurus). ii. parallelism between acid and alkaline phosphatases and various measures of semen quality. 197898938
roles of blood flow in platelet adhesion and aggregation. 197898969
improved safety of splenoportography by plugging of the needle tract.splenoportography, a useful preoperative diagnostic procedure in patients with portal hypertension, has been largely discontinued because of the risk of hemorrhage. we have used both ivalon and gelfoam in particle and plug form to plug the needle tract after splenoportography. initial studies were conducted on six dogs. plugging of the needle tract by injection of suspensions of small gelfoam or ivalon particles resulted in intravasation of these particles into the splenic vein. this was demonst ...197898987
fibrinogen turnover in pregnant rabbits during the first and last thirds of gestation.although thrombin-mediated fibrinogen derivatives have been observed in normal pregnancy, an increased turnover of fibrinogen has been suspected but has not yet been demonstrated. fibrinogen turnover was studied in 14 pregnant and 10 nonpregnant female rabbits by use of purified rabbit 125i-labeled fibrinogen. in the last third of gestation the half life of fibrinogen was shortened by 45% and the fractional catabolic rate increased by 44% in comparison to the values for the first third of gestat ...197899036
interferon inducing activity of polyinosinic acid.although poly(i) is generally considered to be inactive as an interferon inducer, we have found several authentic poly(i) preparations to be effective inducers. their interferon inducing ability varied considerably from one cell system to another. in human diploid fibroblasts, primed with interferon and superinduced by cycloheximide and actinomycin d, all active poly(i) samples proved nearly as effective in inducing interferon as poly(i).poly(c). in primary rabbit kidney cell cultures, the activ ...197899486
electrophoretic strand separation of long dnas with poly (u,g) in agarose gels.we have found that binding of poly(u,g) to single-stranded dna decreases its mobility in 0.3% agarose gels. differential binding to the complementary strands of denatured duplex dna provides a simple method for strand separation. the method is shown to work with bacteriophage lambda dna, adenovirus dna and mtdna for tetrahymena pyriformis. in all cases the strand that binds more poly(u,g) in cscl gradients also binds more in gels. the separated strands can be directly blotted from the gel onto n ...197899728
[surgical and dietetic problems of subtotal resection of the small intestine in adults (author's transl)].the human body badly tolerates the extensive loss of the small intestine by resection. malabsorption of various substances is followed by severe deficiency symptoms. in recent years a longer survival with a satisfactory general condition was achieved by intensive postoperative care and adequate diet--in our own cases even in adults and in old age.1978101816
molecular heterogeneity of dna polymerase alpha from p815 mouse mastocytoma cells. 1978103750
blood characteristics of the adult donkey. 1978104499
transcription and translation in a pleiotropic streptomycin-resistant mutant of escherichia coli.the role of the ribosomal protein s12 (streptomycin protein) in ribosome function and in other metabolic processes in the cell has been investigated. a spontaneous streptomycin-resistant strain of escherichia coli (sm3) carrying a mutation in the rpsl gene is deficient in its ability to induce the synthesis of the enzyme bets-galactosidase. it was demonstrated that the reduced rate of enzyme synthesis results from deficiencies in both the transcription of the lactose operon and translation of th ...1979104958
implications for adult roles from differential styles of mother-infant bonding: an ethological study.ethological observations of maternal and infant behaviors of nine vervet monkey pairs (cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) showed the effects of differential styles of early maternal responsiveness on later infant competence. those infants receiving the least amount of maternal responsiveness and the most time-off the mother in the first 3 months of development were more socially competent at 6 months of age. the results are discussed within current ethological "attachment" theories. the detachment ...1979105083
effects of morphine withdrawal on food competition hierarchies and fighting behavior in rats. 1979106426
purification and properties of acid beta-galactosidase from feline liver. 1979106876
halophilic, lactose-positive vibrio in a case of fatal septicemia.a halophilic vibrio species was isolated from blood cultures from a 59-year-old male with enteritis. the strain differed from vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio alginolyticus by its ability to ferment lactose, its production of beta-galactosidase, and its lower nacl tolerance. a report of this infection and a description of the isolate is presented.1979107189
combined effects of cafeteria and tube-feeding on energy balance in the rat. 1979111255
a comparison between the free grafting of sliced and intact muscles in the rat-1.transverse slicing is a new technique whereby a mammalian muscle can be freely grafted with success. this method eliminates contamination of the early graft by surviving muscle fibres and allows one to measure the development of contractile properties on a uniform population of regenerating muscle fibres.?ioauthor1975124664
[influence of microflora on the metabolism of l-threonine at the level of the rat digestive tract].intestinal tissues are found to incorporate l threonine 14cu at faster rate in the absence of microflora. most of the radioactivity of the digestive contents occurs in the tca soluble compounds, except in the coecum and large intestine of the conventional rats where the microflora synthetized its own proteins from the labelled digestive material. free threonine is the main labelled soluble compound in the conventional rats digestive contents. in the other hand, in the germfree rats digestive con ...1976134804
increased large intestinal secretion of potassium in renal insufficiency. 1977142857
[implantation of ossicles (a histological study in animals) (author's transl)].autogenetic and allogenetic incuses as well as xenogenetic malleus were implanted into the middle-ear of rabbits after different procedures of conservation. the process of healing was studied by histological examination. the different conservation methods are leading to different antigenic qualities of the donor material. a different reorganization along the wurse of the donor vessels is resulting. accordingly a different extent of osteoneogenesis of the intercellular substance is induced. the v ...1977142873
patterns of neuromuscular disease. as related to stages of normal embryogenesis in voluntary muscle.skeletal muscle samples from the upper and lower extremities of 38 human fetuses (6 to 18 weeks' gestation) of both sexes were studied by histologic, histochemical, and electron microscopic methods. ultrastructural morphometry was applied. in the different stages of normal development are found regressive changes, ranging from reversible dystrophic to irreversible necrotic alterations, which are characteristic of either primary myogenic myopathies or primary neurogenic muscle atrophies in older ...1979156504
regulation of internal solute concentrations of marine vibrio alginolyticus in response to external nacl concentration.slightly halophilic marine vibrio alginolyticus grown in the range of nacl from 0.2 to 1.5 m maintained the total internal solute concentration always higher than the external medium by about 0.25 osm. the concentrations of macromolecules such as dna, rna, and protein were little affected by the increase in medium nacl. the internal k+ concentration was kept to about 400 mm in the range of medium nacl from 0.4 to 0.8 m; it rose to 510 mm when the bacterium was grown in 1.5 m nacl, indicating tha ...197993505
specificity of cytoplasmic and cell-wall antigens from four species of phytophthora.cytoplasmic and cell-wall antigens and antisera were prepared from four phytophthora species, and cell-wall antigens were prepared from two pythium species. immunodiffusion of the pythium and phytophthora cell-wall antigens showed that the two pythium species did not cross-react with the phytophthora cell-wall antisera. immunodiffusion analysis of both cell-wall and cytoplasmic antigens of phytophthora revealed some degree of specificity between species but not between a1 and a2 mating types in ...197658961
kinetics of the salt modifications of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase purified from a marine vibrio alginolyticus. 197719434
adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate as mediator of catabolite repression in escherichia coli.measurements of intracellular adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (camp) concentrations in e. coli under a variety of conditions show that levels of this nucleotide are well correlated with the rate of synthesis of beta-galactosidase (beta-d-galactoside galactohydrolase, ec 3.2.1.23) in both catabolite repression and transient repression. these results, combined with extensive genetic and in vitro studies from a number of laboratories on the role of camp in e. coli, provide strong support for t ...1975166384
cross-reactions of normal bovine serums to foot-and-mouth disease virus in plaque-reduction neutralization and radial immunodiffusion.serums from 150 cattle with no known exposure to foot-and-mouth disease (fmd) virus were tested by both the plaque-reduction neutralization (prn) technique and the radial immunodiffusion (rid) technique to evaluate the significance and the extent of cross-reactions in these tests. serums from 30 cattle from each of 5 locations were tested against representative viruses of each of the 7 types of fmd virus. high levels of cross-reactions with both the rid and prn techniques were found in serums of ...1975167625
immunological relationship between delta herpesvirus of patas monkeys and varicells-zoster virus of humans.the delta herpesvirus (dhv) which produced outbreaks of exanthematous disease in patas monkeys was shown to have a close immunological relationship to varicella-zoster (v-z) virus of man. immunization of rhesus monkeys with dhv or v-z virus resulted in the development of neutralizing antibodies to both viruses and also in the production of complement-fixing antibodies to v-z virus. immunoglobulin m neutralizing antibody to v-z virus was demonstrated in the serum of a rhesus monkey immunized with ...1975168152
an analysis of the mode of action of carbachol on the chick biventer cervicis nerve--muscle preparation.the mechanism of contracture evoked by carbachol in the isolated chick biventer cervicis nerve--muscle preparation was studied. at concentrations lower than 11 mum, carbachol progressively induced contracture at a rate much slower than did acetylcholine. a spontaneous increase of the response to carbachol, but not to acetylcholine, was observed 2-4 hr after isolation of the muscle. by contrast, no change of the response occurred in the denervated muscle. anticholinesterase treatment shifted the ...1976177299
purification of a tumour cell aggregation-promotin factor associated with rat ascites hepatoma cell surface. 1976182193
timing of single daily meal influences relations among human circadian rhythms in urinary cyclic amp and hemic glucagon, insulin and iron.relations among circadian rhythms in serum iron, glucagon and insulin and urinary cyclic amp excretion differ drastically when diurnally active, nocturnally resting human adults consume all daily food for one week as breakfast only and for another week as dinner only - a finding of interest to diverse fields, e.g., for optimizing certain kinds of therapy or for a better utilization of calories.1976182528
how the mouse leukemia virus was discovered. a talk with ludwik gross. 1976184434
receptors for 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline in rabbit isolated ear artery and aorta.5-hydroxytryptamine (5-ht) is thought to be implicated in the vascular disturbances of the external carotid artery bed associated with migraine. as part of a study of the pharmacology of some 5-ht antagonists used in the treatment of migraine we have examined the interactions of these drugs with 5-ht and noradrenaline in rabbit isolated ear artery and aortic strip. the results provide new information on the distribution of 5-ht-receptors in these preparations. in the aorta, 5-ht and noradrenalin ...1976184872
the nadph oxidase activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocytes revisited. 1976187027
plasma adrenocorticotropin levels in normal dogs.plasma concentrations of adrenocorticotropin (acth; corticotropin) were measured in 31 normal dogs (house pets) at rest. the mean concentration was 45.77 pg/ml of blood, with individual values ranging from 17 to 98 pg/ml of blood. the measurement of this hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis) may aid in the diagnosis of spontaneous canine adrenal cortical disorders, both primary and secondary.1977201191
lysis of halophilic vibrio alginolyticus and vibrio costicolus induced by chaotropic anions.high concentration (1.0 m) of kscn, but not of nascn, induced lysis of slightly halophilic vibrio alginolyticus and moderately halophilic vibrio costicolus, and the decrease in absorbance of the cell suspension was complete after 30 min at 25 degrees c. replacement of k+ with na+ effectively prevented the lysis by scn-.k+ salts of no3-, br- and i-, however, induced no significant lysis. in electron micrographs, a prolonged exposure of the cells of v. alginolyticus to 1.0 m kscn displaced the nuc ...1977201300
lethal intestinal virus of infant mice is mouse hepatitis virus. 1977202055
[cytomegalovirus infection accompanied by acute polyradiculitis]. 1978205026
evidence for the presynaptic location of the alpha-adrenoceptors which regulate noradrenaline release in the rat submaxillary gland. 1978211446
the mechanism of swarming of vibrio alginolyticus.factors leading to swarming of vibrio alginolyticus cells on solid media were studied. polar flagellated rods from liquid medium develop into small colonies on solid medium. byproducts, accumulating in the colony area, induce at certain critical concentrations, the formation of peritrichous flagella and development of long heavily flagellated filaments which swarm away form the high by-product concentrations. several types of nonswarming mutants were isolated, among them, mutants which lack t ...1975239659
partial purification and characterization of a glutamate-binding membrane glycoprotein from rat brain. 1975239709
effect of temperature, salts, ph, and other factors on the development of peritrichous flagella in vibrio alginolyticus.the development of peritrichous flagella and, consequently, swarming of vibrio alginolyticus depend on a complex relationship between temperature, salt concentrations and ph. at temperatures above 28 degrees c v. alginolyticus did not develop peritrichous flagella unless certain minimal concentrations of nacl are present: the higher the temperature, the higher the nacl concentrations required for peritrichous flagella synthesis. this requirement for nacl at high temperatures is much more pronoun ...1975242290
serial transfer of a human gene to rodent cells by sequential chromosome-mediated gene transfer.the human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl-transferase (imp:pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase, ec 2.4.2.8) gene (hprt) has been serially transferred to mouse cells and then to chinese hamster fibroblasts by two cycles of metaphase chromosome isolation and incubation with recipient cells. human metaphase chromosomes were incubated with mouse a9 cells deficient in hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase, and independent colonies expressing the human species form of this gene were isolated in a sel ...1977268645
statistical studies in the aetiology of malignant neoplasms. v. trends and risks. denmark 1943--72. 1977271456
[experimental studies of the content of titanium-coated materials with respect to tissue compatibility in comparison with other metal implants]. 1978280890
isolation of vibrio alginolyticus from wounds and blood of a burn patient.isolation of vibrio alginolyticus from the wounds and blood of a burn patient is reported. numerous tissue biopsy sites as well as one blood culture yielded the organism. the case history and a review of the hospital course of the patient is provided where relevant to the presence and identification of the organism. the bacteriologic, biochemical, and anti-microbial identification of the organism is described. taxonomy, habitat, and pathogenicity of v. alginolyticus are discussed.1977335885
gel filtration of sialoglycoproteins.the role of sialic acid in the gel-filtration behaviour of sialoglycoproteins was investigated by using the separated isoenzymes of purified human liver alpha-l-fucosidase and several other well-known sialic acid-containing glycoproteins (fetuin, alpha1-acid glycoprotein, thyroglobulin and bovine submaxillary mucin). for each glycoprotein studied, gel filtration of its desialylated derivative gave an apparent molecular weights much less than that expected just from removal of sialic acid. for th ...1978356853
vibrio alginolyticus wound infection: case report and review.vibrio alginolyticus was associated with a littoral wound infection in an arizonan injured near the sea of cortez. while this is the first instance from this estuary, the relatively recent increase in the number of isolates suggests both that most coastal waters are a natural habitat of the organism and that probably many previous isolates were incorrectly identified in the past. mischaracterization most likely results from a gram-negative work-up routine deficient for the isolation of halophili ...1979378095
studies of yeast phenylalanine-accepting transfer ribonucleic acid backbone structure in solution by phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.approximately 17 diester phosphates from the backbone structure of yeast trnaphe give rise to phosphorus resonances, which are resolved in its 31p nmr spectrum. to localize these diester phosphates within the trna structure, 31p nmr spectra of several chemically or enzymatically modified yeast trnaphe species were recorded. to this end selective modifications were performed in the anticodon, the dhu, and the t psi c loop. modifications, performed in different loop regions, give rise to perturbat ...1979383144
chemotactic responses of vibrio alginolyticus to algal extracellular products.a capillary assay was used to evaluate the chemotactic responses of vibrio alginolyticus to three common algal extracellular products. acrylate and glycolate attracted the motile marine bacterium. the peak response occurred with 10(-2) m of each chemical. acrylic and glycolic acid also attracted v. alginolyticus, with the peak response occurring at 5 x 10(-4) m of each chemical. higher concentrations of the organic acids resulted in a decreased response. the bacteria also displayed positive chem ...1979396019
vibrio alginolyticus infections in humans.two clinical isolates of vibrio alginolyticus from new jersey are reported, one from a mixed stump infection and the other grown in pure culture from the conjunctival discharge of a man with conjunctivitis. the biochemical characteristics and antibiotic susceptibilities of these two isolates are presented. human infections caused by v. alginolyticus are reviewed.1979397221
estimation of the incidence of halophilic vibrios--vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio alginolyticus--in the water and fauna of the black sea: possible relationship with the diarrheic disease. 1979401009
lesions of the myofibril in myopathic and normal tissue from seven striated muscles. experimental myopathy of isometric activity produced by phencyclidine and restraint. 1979419941
wound infection associated with vibrio alginolyticus.a 42-year-old man had an infected ulcerated lesion of the anterior aspect of the right lower extremity. vibrio alginolyticus was twice isolated from the lesion. emphasis is placed on the clinical and laboratory characteristics of this organism and its differentiation from other halophilic vibrios.1979443209
nadh: quinone oxidoreductase as a site of na+-dependent activation in the respiratory chain of marine vibrio alginolyticus.the site of na+-dependent activation in the respiratory chain of the marine bacterium, vibrio alginolyticus, was investigated. the respiratory chain system contained ubiquinones (q), menaquinones (mk), cytochromes b(560), c(553), d(630), and o(560). the membrane-bound and partially purified nadh dehydrogenase was stimulated 2- to 3-fold by the addition of 0.2 m na+ or k+ and no specific requirement for na+ was observed in this reaction step. the cytochrome oxidase showed no requirement for monov ...1979457642
vibrio alginolyticus in retail fish. 1979470762
middle ear infection due to vibrio alginolyticus. bacteriological characterization.a 47-year-old male suffering from chronic purulent ear discharge was investigated bacteriologically in autumn 1977. the isolated strain was identified as vibrio alginolyticus. the fact that the patient spent his vacation at a black-sea resort every year strongly pleads for a direct inoculation of the halophilic vibrio.1979484269
simulated small intestinal volvulus in the anesthetized horse.experimental closed loop small intestinal volvulus was studied in the anesthetized horse. volvulus was simulated by ligation of the mesenterial veins to a segment of small intestine. physical signs and hemodynamic, hematologic, clinical chemical, bacteriologic and peritoneal fluid values were examined. compared to conscious horses anesthesia highly delayed and modified the clinical signs of shock (changes in mucosal colour, dehydration, decreased skin temperature, elevated pulse rate, low blood ...1979523313
liver involvement in essential mixed cryoglobulinemia.twenty-one of 30 patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinemia (emc) had evidence of liver involvement. the liver disease was characterized by the absence of clinical symptoms, hepatosplenomegaly, mild elevation of enzymes, abnormal bsp retention and low albumin levels. histology, available in 12 patients, showed either chronic persistent or chronic active hepatitis or liver cirrhosis; 44% of the patients had hbsag or hbsab in sera and/or cryoglobulins, confirming the high frequency of exposure ...1979545644
na+-dependent activation of nadh oxidase in membrane fractions from halophilic vibrio alginolyticus and v. costicolus.membrane-bound nadh oxidase activities from slightly halophilic marine vibrio alginolyticus and moderately halophilic v. costicolus required 0.3 and 0.5 m na+, respectively, for maximum activity; other cations such as li+,k+,rb+,cs+,mg2+, and ca2+ were relatively ineffective as replacements for na+. the concentration of na+ required to give half-maximum activity with the nadh oxidase from v. alginolyticus was 82 mn. this value was reduced to 6.4 and 13.8 mm in the presence of 400 mm k+ and 10 mm ...1977591506
[isolation of halophilic vibrios as possible agents of food poisoning (author's transl)].seventy-six halophilic vibrio strains were isolated from different marine sources such as coastal waters, fishes and mussels. twenty strains were identified as vibrio parahaemolyticus, 44 as vibrio alginolyticus and 12 other strains could not be classified because of their atypical biochemical activities. further investigations are necessary in order to assess if the present strains of v. parahaemolyticus can have a role in food poisoning outbreaks or human sporadic enteritis in our geographic a ...1977607885
some interesting isolates from a diagnostic laboratory.citrobacter koseri, plesiomonas shigelloides, edwardsiella tarda, yersinia enterocolitica, alkalescens dispar, vibrio parahaemolyticus, and vibrio alginolyticus were seven interesting microorganisms isolated recently in our diagnostic laboratory.1978641196
properties of chitinase from vibrio alginolyticus, as assayed with the chromogenic substrate 3,4-dinitrophenyl tetra-n-acetylchitotetraoside [proceedings]. 1978669015
characterization of vibrio alginolyticus (beneckea alginolytica) isolated from the fauna of arabian sea. 1978700852
effects of some chemical factors on flagellation and swarming of vibrio alginolyticus.vibrio alginolyticus strains recently isolated from dutch coastal seawater changed flagellar organization when cultivated in the presence of certain chemical agents. on agar media with more than 4.0% (w/v) nacl the number of lateral flagella per cell decreased with increasing salt concentration. both on agar media and in broth cultures with 6.0-9.0% (w/v) nacl, cells with polar tufts of 2-4 sheathed or unsheathed flagella were frequently found. cells grown on agar media with 7.3-9.8% (w/v) na2so ...1975816251
[vibrio parahaemolyticus in mussels and in silt in the southern central baltic sea (author's transl)].because the previous studies of 541 fish of the southern central baltic sea area gave negative results for the presence of vibrio parahaemolyticus, 150 shellfish and 40 mud samples of the same origin were tested this time. in none of them presence of vibrio parahaemolyticus nor vibrio alginolyticus has been stated, though.1977842182
vibrio alginolyticus infections in hawaii.clinical and bacteriological features of eight cases of vibrio alginolyticus infections in hawaii are presented. these isolates occurred in superficial sites, primarily related to infections caused by swimming.1977886005
[the dehydrogenation of butandiol by "vibrio parahaemolyticus" and other vibrios (author's transl)].the butandiol dehydrogenase was examined in 64 vibrios isolated in togo 1970/71. this enzyme was found in all of the not halophilic strains and in the species vibrio alginolyticus, whereas the species v. parahaemolyticus exhibited as well dehydrating as not dehydrating strains. the butandiol dehydrogenase could be a good marker for epidemiologic analysis in characterizing v. parahaemolyticus strains isolated from different sources, especially if no antisera are available.1976952445
marine vibrios associated with superficial septic lesions.three cases are reported in which a marine vibrio, vibrio alginolyticus, was isolated from superficial septic lesions. all cases had been exposed to sea-water. the possible significane of these findings and the need for further investigations are discussed.19761002833
comparative study of alkaline phosphatase activity in lymphocytes, mitogen-induced blasts, lymphoblastoid cell lines, acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic lymphatic leukemia cells.alkaline phosphatase [orthophosphoricmonoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline ph optimum), ec 3.1.3.1] purified from a burkitt lymphoma cell line (daudi) and moloney-virus-induced murine leukemia (yac) showed unique catalytic properties in substrate specificity and inhibition by cysteamine-s-phosphate. it migrated on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in a single activity band. alkaline phosphatase with similar properties was found in several human lymphoblastoid cell lines, in chronic lymphatic leu ...19761064015
sensitivity of trichomonas vaginalis to metronidazole, tinidazole, and nifuratel in vitro.prompted by the sensitivity of trichomonads to metronidazole and nifuratel in clinical practice, a study was conducted in 1971-1972 of 63 consecutive strains of trichomonas vaginalis isolated from women with clinically refractory vaginal discharge. their susceptibility to metronidazole, tinidazole, and nifuratel was tested, using a serial tube dilution technique. the minimum concentrations which in 48 hrs caused immobilization and lysis of trichomonads cultured in diamond's medium was assessed. ...19761087577
isolation of vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio alginolyticus from estuarine areas of southeastern alaska.the first reported isolations of halophilic vibrios, including vibrio parahaemolyticus, from three seafood processing areas in southeastern alaska are described.19751124924
lethal effect of fresh sea water on vibrio parahaemolyticus and isolation of bdellovibrio parasitic against the organism.halophilic bdellovibrio, which is parasitic and lytic to vibrio pharahaemolyticus, was ioslated from fresh sea water in the winter. it had a lethal effect on v. parahaemolyticus. the optimum temperature ofr multiplication ranged from 25 c to 30 c and growth was not observed at 35 c. plaque numbers of the isolate reached a maximum in 17 hr under conditions of shaking at 25 c in autoclaved sea water supplemented with v. parahaemolyticus cells, and were as high as ten times the number of host cells ...19751202252
isolation of vibrio alginolyticus from wound infections.vibrio alginolyticus was isolated from two patients with leg wounds. both had a history of recent exposure to ocean water.19751206111
common morphogenetic aspects of various organotypic microvascular patterns. 19751214601
[salmonellosis carrier state]. 19751214656
roles of k+ and na+ in ph homeostasis and growth of the marine bacterium vibrio alginolyticus.the marine bacterium vibrio alginolyticus, containing 470 mm-k+ and 70 mm-na+ inside its cells, was able to regulate the cytoplasmic ph (ph(in)) in the narrow range 7.6-7.8 over the external ph (ph(out)) range 6.0-9.0 in the presence of 400 mm-na+ and 10 mm-k+. in the absence of external k+, however, phin was regulated only at alkaline ph(out) values above 7.6. when the cells were incubated in the presence of unusually high k+ (400 mm) and 4 mm na+, the ph(in) was regulated only at acidic ph(out ...19921326594
catabolite repression of the h(+)-translocating atpase in vibrio parahaemolyticus.cells of vibrio parahaemolyticus grown in the presence of glucose showed reduced (by about 40%) oxidative phosphorylation. with this observation as a basis, we examined the effect of glucose on the level of h(+)-translocating atpase. the addition of glucose to the growth medium reduced the specific activity and the amount of the h(+)-translocating atpase in membrane vesicles of v. parahaemolyticus. these reductions were reversed by adding cyclic amp (camp) to the growth medium. we cloned some pa ...19921328162
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