preventing deaths in alaska's commercial fishing industry.the arctic and sub-arctic waters of alaska provide a very hazardous work setting, with special hazards posed by great distances, seasonal darkness, cold waters, high winds, brief fishing seasons, and icing. our intent is to reduce the remarkably high occupational fatality rate (200/100,000/year in 1991-1992) among alaska's commercial fishing workers. over 90% of these deaths have been due to drowning or drowning plus hypothermia, primarily associated with vessel capsizings and sinkings.199810093333
ecology. pacific salmon run hot and cold.using a novel technique, described on page 795, paleoceanographers have been able to chart the abundance of sockeye salmon in the bristol bay and kodiak island regions of alaska over the past 300 years--by far the most complete record yet. through time, they found, sockeye populations have alternately soared and slipped, following natural climate variations--well before commercial fishers began throwing nets over the sides of boats.200011184190
scientific research, stakeholders, and policy: continuing dialogue during research on radionuclides on amchitka island, is increasingly clear that a wide range of stakeholders should be included in the problem formulation phase of research aimed at solving environmental problems; indeed the inclusion of stakeholders at this stage has been formalized as an integral part of ecological risk assessment. in this paper, we advocate the additional inclusion of stakeholders in the refinement of research methods and protocols and in the execution of the research, rather than just at the final communication and reportin ...200717175094
a model for selecting bioindicators to monitor radionuclide concentrations using amchitka island in the aleutians as a case war ii and the cold war have left the unites states, and other nations, with massive cleanup and remediation tasks for radioactive and other legacy hazardous wastes. while some sites can be cleaned up to acceptable residential risk levels, others will continue to hold hazardous wastes, which must be contained and monitored to protect human health and the environment. while media (soil, sediment, groundwater) monitoring is the usual norm at many radiological waste sites, for some situations ...200717698056
procedural and temporal compliance to cervical cancer screening guidelines in a cdc-funded program in estimate changes in clinical practice in a cervical cancer screening program after the american society for colposcopy and cervical pathology's issuance of 2006 consensus guidelines (2006cg) for managing abnormal pap tests.201121169865
mercury levels and potential risk from subsistence foods from the aleutians.considerable attention has been devoted to contaminants (mainly pcbs and mercury) in subsistence foods (particularly fish) from various parts of the world. however, relatively little attention has been devoted to examining mercury levels in a full range of subsistence foods from a particular region. while managers and scientists compute risk based on site-specific data on contaminant levels and consumption rates, a first step in making risk decisions by subsistence peoples is knowledge about the ...200717590413
heavy metals in pacific cod (gadus macrocephalus) from the aleutians: location, age, size, and risk.considerable attention has been devoted to the risks from mercury (hg) and polychlorinated biphenyls (pcb) to high-level predators (including humans) who consume freshwater fish. although the u.s. food and drug administration (fda) issued advisories because of hg for four marine fish species, there are few data on lead (pb), cadmium (cd), or other metals in bering sea fish generally, or on the risk these levels pose to the fish themselves or to consumers of marine fish. levels of arsenic (as), c ...200717966061
evaluating patterns and drivers of spatial change in the recreational guided fishing sector in alaska.understanding the impacts of recreational fishing on habitats and species, as well as the social and ecological importance of place to anglers, requires information on the spatial distribution of fishing activities. this study documented long-term changes in core fishing areas of a major recreational fishery in alaska and identified biological, regulatory, social, and economic drivers of spatial fishing patterns by charter operators. using participatory mapping and in-person interviews, we chara ...201728632745
using grizzly bears to assess harvest-ecosystem tradeoffs in salmon fisheries.implementation of ecosystem-based fisheries management (ebfm) requires a clear conceptual and quantitative framework for assessing how different harvest options can modify benefits to ecosystem and human beneficiaries. we address this social-ecological need for pacific salmon fisheries, which are economically valuable but intercept much of the annual pulse of nutrient subsidies that salmon provide to terrestrial and aquatic food webs. we used grizzly bears, vectors of salmon nutrients and animal ...201222505845
coping with technological disaster: an application of the conservation of resources model to the exxon valdez oil hundred twenty-five commercial fishers in cordova, alaska, completed a mailed survey regarding current mental health functioning 6 years after the exxon valdez oil spill. economic and social impacts of the oil spill and coping and psychological functioning (modified coping strategies scales, symptom checklist 90-r) were measured. multiple regression was used to test the utility of the conservation of resources stress model for explaining observed psychological symptoms. current symptoms of d ...200010761172
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