the epidemiology of toxoplasmosis on iowa swine farms with an emphasis on the roles of free-living mammals.multiparous sows from 19 central iowa swine farms were tested for antibodies against toxoplasma gondii by the modified direct agglutination test. antibody titers of 1:32 or greater were considered positive. rodents, domestic cats, opossums (didelphis virginiana), raccoons (procyon lotor) and striped skunks (mephitis mephitis) were live-trapped on each farm and similarly tested for antibodies. the overall prevalence of t. gondii antibodies in the species tested was 39/273 (14.3%) swine, 31/74 (41 ...19921496780
seroprevalence of antibodies against toxoplasma gondii in free-ranging mammals in iowa.serum samples from raccoons (procyon lotor), striped skunks (mephitis mephitis), virginia opossums (didelphis virginiana), and free-ranging house cats trapped in iowa between 1984 and 1988 were tested for antibodies against toxoplasma gondii using the modified direct agglutination test (mat). antibody titers > or = 1:32 were considered indicative of infection. prevalence rates by species were estimated for raccoons at 134/885 (15%), skunks at 38/81 (47%), opossums at 12/53 (23%), and cats at 16/ ...19989813854
antibodies to west nile virus in raccoons and other wild peridomestic mammals in iowa.surveillance for evidence of west nile virus (wnv) infection in small- and medium-sized wild mammals was conducted in iowa, usa, from may 2005 to june 2007. sera were collected from 325 mammals belonging to nine species and tested for antibodies to wnv and other flaviviruses by epitope-blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa). all sera that had antibodies to flaviviruses by blocking elisa were further examined by plaque reduction neutralization test (prnt). thirteen mammals were seropo ...200919901390
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