molecular typing of bois noir phytoplasma strains in the chianti classico area (tuscany, central italy) and their association with symptom severity in vitis vinifera 'sangiovese'.bois noir (bn) is the most widespread disease of the grapevine yellows complex in the euro-mediterranean area. bn is caused by 'candidatus phytoplasma solani' (bnp), transmitted from herbaceous plants to grapevine by polyphagous insect vectors. in this study, genetic diversity among bnp strains and their prevalence and possible association with grapevine symptom severity were investigated in a sangiovese clone organic vineyard in the chianti classico area (tuscany). field surveys over 2 years re ...201829027886
cost analysis of tumor downsizing for hepatocellular carcinoma liver transplant candidates.we report the results of a prospective, intent-to-treat (itt) trial on the costs of selective tumor downsizing (ds) before liver transplantation (lt) for patients affected with hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc). the trial started in january 1997 including adult patients with nodular-type hcc within and beyond the milan criteria. patients were downsized with transarterial chemoembolization (tace), percutaneous ethanol injection (pei) and/or radiofrequency ablation (rfa) according to clinical predict ...200617175331
diagnosis and referral of rheumatoid arthritis by primary care physician: results of a pilot study on the city of pisa, italy.the aims of the present study were to evaluate, in the city of pisa: (1) the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis; (2) the reliability of the prevalence estimated by primary care physicians, using the rheumatologist's diagnosis as the "gold standard" and (3) the economic impact of the disease. the tuscany registry of primary care physicians constituted the framework from which a sample of subjects was selected. the rheumatoid arthritis (ra) subjects >18 years followed by each primary care physicia ...201019806287
progress towards measles and rubella elimination in tuscany, italy: the role of population seroepidemiological a part of the national plan for measles and congenital rubella elimination, a catch-up campaign targeting children aged 7-14 years with measles-mumps-rubella (mmr) vaccine was conducted during 2004-05 in tuscany, central italy.201220880991
the social cost of chronic kidney disease in italy.this study aims to estimate the mean annual social cost per patient with chronic kidney disease (ckd) by stages 4 and 5 pre-dialyses and cost components in italy. the multicenter cross-sectional study included all adult outpatients in charge of the 14 main nephrology centers of tuscany region during 7 weeks from 2012 to 2013. direct medical costs have been estimated using tariffs for laboratory tests, diagnostic exams, visits, hospitalization and prices for drugs. non-medical costs included expe ...201727699568
impact of immigration on tuberculosis in a low-incidence area of italy: a molecular epidemiological approach.the effects that immigration might have on the epidemiology of tuberculosis (tb) in a low-incidence area of italy was investigated by determining, in autochthonous and immigrant tb patients, the molecular characteristics of the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (mtbc) isolates, which may provide information on their phylogeographical origin. a total of 1080 mtbc strains, collected during a 4- year period in tuscany from 614 italian-born and 466 foreign-born patients, were genotyped by spoligoty ...201020041892
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