"mr. burk is most interested in their welfare": j.g. burk's campaign to help the anishinabeg of northwestern ontario, 1923-53.although there is a small but growing body of literature on euro-canadians who acted "with good intentions" towards the first nations (haig-brown and nock 2006), precious little has been written about those within the ranks of the department of indian affairs who acted benevolently towards the aboriginal peoples. james gerry burk, indian agent for the anishinabeg of the western lake superior region for three decades (1923-53), was one such individual. he chose to ignore the department's prevaili ...201121905322
impact of euro-canadian agrarian practices: in search of sustainable import-substitution strategies to enhance food security in subarctic ontario, canada, food insecurity exists among aboriginal (inuit, metis and first nations) people living in remote northern communities, in part, because of their reliance on the industrialized, import-based food system. local food production as a substitute to imports would be an adaptive response, but enhancement of food security via food localization requires reflection on previous failings of conventional agricultural strategies so that informed decisions can be made. in light of potential reintrod ...201723656359
genetic characterization of two low pathogenic avian influenza virus h5n1 isolates from ontario, canada.genomes of two low pathogenic h5n1 avian influenza (lpai) viruses, a/turkey/on/84/1983 and a/mallard/on/499/2005 from ontario, canada were cloned and genetically characterized. phylogenetic analysis showed that the canadian isolates cluster with other north american aivs and are distinct from the euro-asian h5n1 isolates. individual gene comparisons demonstrated that the ontario isolates were most similar to the viruses isolated from around the same time period and geographical area. a long dele ...200919082878
estimation of the costs of acute gastrointestinal illness in british columbia, canada.the costs associated with gastrointestinal infection (gi) in the province of british columbia, canada, were estimated using data from a population-based survey in three health service delivery areas, namely vancouver, east kootenay and northern interior. the number of cases of disease, consequent expenditure of resources and associated economic costs were modeled as probability distributions in a stochastic model. using 2004 prices, the estimated mean annual cost per capita of gastrointestinal i ...200818649966
drivers of change in a 7300-year holocene diatom record from the hemi-boreal region of ontario, canada.a holocene lake sediment record spanning the past 7300 years from wishart lake in the turkey lakes watershed in the hemi-boreal of central ontario, canada, was used to evaluate the potential drivers of long-term change in diatom assemblages at this site. an analysis of diatom assemblages found that benthic and epiphytic taxa dominated the mid-holocene (7300-4000 cal yr bp), indicating shallow, oligotrophic, circum-neutral conditions, with macrophytes present. a significant shift in diatom assemb ...201627532216
cancer incidence and mortality in ontario first nations, 1968-1991 (canada).to determine cancer incidence and mortality rates in ontario first nations (fn) people (native indians) during 1968-1991 and to compare these with rates in the ontario population.200312814205
blood mercury levels among ontario anglers and sport-fish eaters.we conducted two surveys of ontario (canada) fishers: a stratified sample of licensed anglers in two lake ontario communities (anglers, n=232) and a shore and community-based sample in five great lakes' areas of concern (aoc eaters, n=86). among the 176 anglers consuming their catch, the median number of sport-fish meals/year was 34.2 meals and 10.9, respectively, in two communities, with a mean blood total mercury level among these sport-fish consumers of 2.8 microg/l. the vast majority of fish ...200415220065
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