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dermacentor albipictus on moose (alces alces) in ontario.fifty-five moose (alces alces) collected from 1963 to 1965 in the chapleau crown game preserve of northern ontario were examined for ectoparasites. dermacentor albipictus was the only parasite recovered. d. albipictus was absent from 15 moose examined during june, july and august; first observed on 1 or 2 moose examined in september; and present on all 38 moose collected from october to may. ticks were not evenly distributed on the body. infestations varied from 32 to 13,490 ticks/moose for 14 i ...1979480519
parasites of moose (alces alces) from an agricultural area of eastern ontario.viscera of 16 moose and hide samples of 24 moose (alces alces) shot in eastern ontario in 1985 were examined for parasites. two species of trematodes, one species of cestode, five species of nematodes and one species of tick were recovered. one nematode species, trichuris discolor, is reported for the first time from moose. our results suggest that the parasite fauna of the moose may have been influenced by the absence or scarcity of other species of wild cervids or carnivores and by the presenc ...19883373648
prevalence of neutralizing antibody to jamestown canyon virus (california group) in populations of elk and moose in northern michigan and ontario, canada.blood samples were collected from free-ranging elk (cervus elaphus) harvested in michigan's northern lower peninsula, from moose (alces alces) relocated from ontario's algonquin provincial park to michigan's upper peninsula, and from moose from michigan's isle royale national park. sera were tested by serum dilution neutralization tests in vero cell culture for neutralizing antibody to california serogroup viruses, in particular jamestown canyon (jc), la crosse/snowshoe hare (lac/ssh), and trivi ...19863503129
erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, serotype 17, septicemia in moose (alces alces) from algonquin park, ontario.erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae septicemia was diagnosed in three of four moose found dead in algonquin provincial park, ontario, canada, in the spring of 1989. type 17 e. rhusiopathiae was isolated from liver, lung, kidney, and lymph nodes of affected animals, which were in poor body condition, and suffering hair loss associated with tick (dermacentor albipictus) infestations. microscopic lesions consisted of mild, multifocal, necrotizing myocarditis, sarcocystosis, and lymph node atrophy. the bac ...19947933291
forensic application of repetitive dna markers to the species identification of animal tissues.highly repetitive dna markers have been used for determining the species origin of animal tissues in cases of illegal commercialization and poaching of game animals. this approach has been used in cases involving white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus), moose (alces alces) and black bear (ursus americanus). digesting the dna with various restriction enzymes, agarose electrophoresis and staining with ethidium bromide revealed unique banding patterns for each species. these patterns have been u ...19948195749
use of ethnographic methods for applied research on diabetes among the ojibway-cree in northern ontario.this article presents the results of applied ethnographic research aimed at developing a community-based diabetes prevention program in an isolated ojibway-cree community in northern ontario. using qualitative techniques, the authors describe diabetes in its sociocultural context and underlying belief systems that affect related activity and dietary behaviors. local concepts of food and illness are dichotomized into "indian" and "white man's" groupings, with indian foods perceived as healthy and ...19968841820
population genetic structure and the effect of founder events on the genetic variability of moose, alces alces, in canada.moose, alces alces, occur naturally throughout most of canada but successful introductions of known numbers of animals have been made to the islands of newfoundland and cape breton. five microsatellite loci were used to investigate the population genetic structure and any change in genetic variability due to founder events of moose in canada. comparisons of allele frequencies for moose from 11 regions of the country suggested that there are at least seven genetically distinct populations (p < 0. ...199910447871
adenoviral infection in captive moose (alces alces) in canada.adenoviral infection was associated with hemorrhagic enteritis, serosal hemorrhages, and severe pulmonary edema in six captive moose (alces alces) in toronto, ontario, canada: an adult female moose and three calves in 1985 and two calves in 1998. adenoviral disease was suspected based on histological findings of systemic vasculitis and widespread thrombosis associated with amphophilic intranuclear inclusions in endothelial cells. diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemistry using antiserum to ...200212216797
nova scotia moose mystery--a moose sickness related to cobalt- and vitamin b12 deficiency.a wasting, debilitating disease with uncertain aetiology affecting moose (alces alces americana) in eastern north america has been reported repeatedly ever since the 1910s. despite the intensive studies during 1930-1960s the cause of the sickness could not be established. in the 1960s a parasitic nematode (parelaphostrongylus tenuis) was reported as constituting a probable explanation for the sickness, although several clinical and pathological signs remained unexplained. in sweden, a moose dise ...200414654277
bovine tuberculosis in canadian wildlife: an updated history.mycobacterium bovis infection in wild animals attracted little attention in canada until the disease was almost eliminated from domestic livestock. tuberculosis was endemic in plains bison and occurred in elk, moose, and mule deer in buffalo national park (bnp), alberta during the 1920s and 1930s. bison were moved from bnp to wood buffalo national park (wbnp), where tuberculosis became, and remains, endemic in bison, posing a risk to efforts to restore bison in northern canada. tuberculosis was ...200920119541
wolves adapt territory size, not pack size to local habitat quality.1. although local variation in territorial predator density is often correlated with habitat quality, the causal mechanism underlying this frequently observed association is poorly understood and could stem from facultative adjustment in either group size or territory size. 2. to test between these alternative hypotheses, we used a novel statistical framework to construct a winter population-level utilization distribution for wolves (canis lupus) in northern ontario, which we then linked to a su ...201525757794
development of an adaptive monitoring framework for long-term programs: an example using indicators of fish health.detecting unwanted changes associated with localized human activities in aquatic ecosystems requires defining the value of an indicator expected at a site in the absence of development. ideally, adequate and comparable baseline data will be collected at an exposure location before that development, but this is rarely done. instead, comparisons are made using various designs to overcome the inadequate or missing baseline data. commonly these comparisons are done over short periods, using informat ...201525781001
spatial genetic and morphologic structure of wolves and coyotes in relation to environmental heterogeneity in a canis hybrid zone.eastern wolves have hybridized extensively with coyotes and gray wolves and are listed as a 'species of special concern' in canada. however, a distinct population of eastern wolves has been identified in algonquin provincial park (app) in ontario. previous studies of the diverse canis hybrid zone adjacent to app have not linked genetic analysis with field data to investigate genotype-specific morphology or determine how resident animals of different ancestry are distributed across the landscape ...201223173981
breastfeeding among the ontario james bay cree: a retrospective study.although previous unpublished research has demonstrated low breastfeeding rates among the james bay cree of northern ontario, the reasons for this are not immediately clear.201318457281
factors associated with missed eye examinations in a cohort with diabetes.the diabetes screening program in moosonee and moose factory, ontario was evaluated to explore which factors may be associated with individuals who had/had not attended screening examinations for diabetic retinopathy.201312050993
risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in the cree of james bay.the purpose of this project was to evaluate risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in the cree population of james bay, ontario.200212045883
the prevalence of diabetes in the cree of western james bay.diabetes prevalence and general demographic data for individuals with diabetes were evaluated in the cree of moose factory, ontario. individuals with diabetes were identified through a retrospective review of the diabetes registry as well as of outpatient and inpatient records. the crude prevalence of diabetes was 62 (95% confidence interval: 54 72) per 1,000. the direct age-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 103 per 1,000 for the entire population (95% confidence interval: 89 118 per 1,000 ...200011082349
the potential for ontario region's health information system to facilitate case management, program planning, and evaluation and to promote enhanced first nations' control of health services.the ontario region of medical services branch, health canada, comprises approximately 63,000 first nations people living on-reserve in four geographical areas: sioux lookout, moose factory, thunder bay, and southern ontario. as of april 1996, 35% of the 126 first nations communities in ontario region have either assumed control of the delivery of health services or are in the process of transfer negotiations with the federal government. another 14% have entered into integrated community-based he ...199810093364
low blood lead levels in northern ontario - what now?to assess the extent of childhood lead exposure and provide guidance for public health efforts to reduce exposure in northern communities in ontario.20138932473
cadmium levels in ontario moose and deer in relation to soil sensitivity to acid precipitation.this study examines the influence of buffering capacity of the soil on the levels of cadmium in the kidney, liver and muscle of moose and white-tailed deer from nine sampling sites (four buffered and five non-buffered) in ontario, canada. tissues collected from hunter-killed moose and deer during 1984 and 1985 were analysed for cadmium. tissue from moose in the non-buffered algonquin park site (21.9 +/- 1.1 mg/kg wet weight) and the buffered st. joseph island site (12.7 +/- 3.2 mg kg-1) had the ...19883381081
an examination of wild moose exhibiting neurologic signs, in ontario. 19655889912
continental divide: predicting climate-mediated fragmentation and biodiversity loss in the boreal forest.climate change threatens natural landscapes through shifting distribution and abundance of species and attendant change in the structure and function of ecosystems. however, it remains unclear how climate-mediated variation in species' environmental niche space may lead to large-scale fragmentation of species distributions, altered meta-population dynamics and gene flow, and disrupted ecosystem integrity. such change may be especially relevant when species distributions are restricted either spa ...201728505173
does predation influence the seasonal and diel timing of moose calving in central ontario, canada?birth synchrony is well documented among ungulates and is hypothesised to maximize neonate survival, either by minimizing the risk of predation through predator swamping or by synchronising birthing with increased seasonal food availability. we used encapsulated vaginal implant transmitters to locate and capture neonatal moose calves and document the seasonal and diel timing of parturition in two adjacent study areas with different predation pressure in central ontario, canada. we tested the hyp ...201627082234
application of dna fingerprinting to enforcement of hunting regulations in ontario.dna fingerprinting has been used in investigations of 40 cases of infractions of hunting regulations involving white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) and moose (alces alces) in ontario. in most of these cases, individual-specific dna fingerprints obtained with the jeffrey's 33.15 multilocus probe were used to link the animal remains found at the illegal kill site to blood and tissue samples of the dead animal associated with a suspect. dna fingerprints from 27 white-tailed deer and 19 moose ...19938426157
patterns and causes of demographic variation in a harvested moose population: evidence for the effects of climate and density-dependent drivers.1. better understanding of the mechanisms affecting demographic variation in ungulate populations is needed to support sustainable management of harvested populations. while studies of moose alces alces l. populations have previously explored temporal variation in demographic processes, managers responsible for populations that span large heterogeneous landscapes would benefit from an understanding of how demography varies across biogeographical gradients in climate and other population drivers. ...201121668892
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