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[patterns in the distribution of visceral leishmaniasis in transcaucasia].the paper considers the regularities of the spreading of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) and present state of its foci in the transcaucasia, where sporadic cases of the disease occur now in some regions of the georgian and azerbaijan ssrs, which is associated with the natural foci. the number of phlebotomus kandelakii, ph. transcaucasicus, ph. balcanicus, ph. brevis--the most probable vectors of the vl causative agents--is still rather high at the foot of the great caucasus, in the ararat valley, in ...19892811746
phlebotomus perfiliewi transcaucasicus, a vector of leishmania infantum in northwestern iran.visceral leishmaniasis is caused by leishmania infantum, which is transmitted to humans by bites of phlebotomine sand flies and is one of the most important public health problems in iran. to identify the vector(s), an investigation was carried out in germi district, an important focus of the disease in ardebil province in northwestern iran, during july-september 2004 and 2005. using sticky papers, cdc light traps and aspirators, 3,560 sand flies were collected and identified to species. host bl ...200919769040
incrimination of phlebotomus kandelakii and phlebotomus balcanicus as vectors of leishmania infantum in tbilisi, georgia.a survey of potential vector sand flies was conducted in the neighboring suburban communities of vake and mtatsminda districts in an active focus of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) in tbilisi, georgia. using light and sticky-paper traps, 1,266 male and 1,179 female sand flies were collected during 2006-2008. five phlebotomus species of three subgenera were collected: phlebotomus balcanicus theodor and phlebotomus halepensis theodor of the subgenus adlerius; phlebotomus kandelakii shchurenkova and ph ...201222509422
predicted distribution of visceral leishmaniasis vectors (diptera: psychodidae; phlebotominae) in iran: a niche model study.visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is an important vector-borne disease in iran. till now, leishmania infantum has been detected from five species of sand flies in the country including phlebotomus kandelakii, phlebotomus major s.l., phlebotomus perfiliewi, phlebotomus alexandri and phlebotomus tobbi. also, phlebotomus keshishiani was found to be infected with leishmania parasites. this study aimed at predicting the probable niches and distribution of vectors of visceral leishmaniasis in iran. data on ...201526032232
occurrence of low density of leishmania infantum in sandflies from a new focus of visceral leishmaniasis in northwest of iran.observations and case studies have shown that the number of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) cases have increased in the recent years in several areas of iran including sarab district, east azerbaijan province. sarab district has been considered as a new focus of vl in iran. the density of the sandfly vector and the leishmania parasites causing infection has been assessed in 2009.201323995314
first detection of leishmania infantum in phlebotomus kandelakii using molecular methods in north-eastern islamic republic of iran.shirvan district in north-eastern islamic republic of iran is a new focus of visceral leishmaniasis. this study aimed to identify the vector(s), the parasite and the species composition of sand flies in the district during july-september 2009 using polymerase chain reaction techniques. in all, 2088 sand flies were collected from 3 villages. nine sand fly species were identified: phlebotomus kandelakii (shchurenkova), p. major (annandale), p. halepensis (theodor), p. papatasi (scopoli), p. sergen ...201222768703
seroepidemiological and entomological survey in a new focus of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in kars province, northeastern turkey.visceral leishmaniasis (vl) has now been recorded from 38 provinces of turkey. twenty-one vl cases were reported within six years from settlements located in most northeastern turkey and we therefore aimed to carry out an entomological and seroepidemiological survey in this new focus for clarifying risk factors. blood samples from 290 children and 165 dogs were collected. sera samples were investigated for anti-leishmania antibodies using indirect fluorescent antibody test. sand fly collection f ...201525769470
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