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leishmania (leishmania) martiniquensis n. sp. (kinetoplastida: trypanosomatidae), description of the parasite responsible for cutaneous leishmaniasis in martinique island (french west indies).the parasite responsible for autochthonous cutaneous leishmaniasis in martinique island (french west indies) was first isolated in 1995; its taxonomical position was established only in 2002, but it remained unnamed. in the present paper, the authors name this parasite leishmania (leishmania) martiniquensis desbois, pratlong & dedet n. sp. and describe the type strain of this taxon, including its biological characteristics, biochemical and molecular identification, and pathogenicity. this parasi ...201424626346
first case of visceral leishmaniasis caused by leishmania martiniquensis.we report the first case of visceral leishmaniasis (vl) caused by leishmania martiniquensis in the caribbean, which until now, was known only to cause cutaneous leishmaniasis. the disease presented with fatigue, anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly in a 61-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infection who was receiving antiretroviral therapy. diagnosis was made by bone marrow biopsy. vl is life-threatening, and its emergence in the caribbean is of concern.201425404076
leishmaniasis in thailand: a review of causative agents and situations.before 1999, leishmaniasis was considered an imported disease in thailand. since then, autochthonous leishmaniasis was reported in both immmunocompetent and immmunocompromised patients especially in human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids). a new species was identified and named as leishmania siamensis consisting of two lineages, that is, lineages tr and pg. analysis of isoenzymes has clarified the more commonly detected l. siamensis lineage pg as leishmania m ...201728093539
chronic generalized fibrotic skin lesions from disseminated leishmaniasis caused by leishmania martiniquensis in two patients from northern thailand infected with hiv.leishmaniasis is a newly emerging infection in thailand. most of the previous human cases have presented with the clinical features of visceral leishmaniasis and were mainly found in southern thailand. here we report the first two patients from northern thailand presenting with disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis.201525823707
first isolation of leishmania from northern thailand: case report, identification as leishmania martiniquensis and phylogenetic position within the leishmania enriettii complex.since 1996, there have been several case reports of autochthonous visceral leishmaniasis in thailand. here we report a case in a 52-year-old thai male from northern thailand, who presented with subacute fever, huge splenomegaly and pancytopenia. bone marrow aspiration revealed numerous amastigotes within macrophages. isolation of leishmania lscm1 into culture and dna sequence analysis (ribosomal rna its-1 and large subunit of rna polymerase ii) revealed the parasites to be members of the leishma ...201425474647
comparison of recombinant proteins of kinesin 39, heat shock protein 70, heat shock protein 83, and glycoprotein 63 for antibody detection of leishmania martiniquensis infection.leishmania martiniquensis, a zoonotic hemoflagellate, is a causative agent of cutaneous (cl) and visceral leishmaniasis (vl) among humans and animals. this organism, first reported in martinique island, now has become an emerging infectious agent in thailand. symptomatic cases of l. martiniquensis infection among humans have continuously increased. in the meantime, asymptomatic infection of this novel species has seriously created national public health awareness and concern to prevent and contr ...201728370779
the expanding world of human leishmaniasis.new leishmania isolates form a novel group of human parasites related to leishmania enrietti, with cases in ghana, thailand, and martinique; other relatives infect australian and south american wildlife. these parasites apparently cause both cutaneous and visceral disease, and may have evolved a novel transmission mechanism exploiting blood-feeding midges.201728319012
comparison of lamp and pcr for molecular mass screening of sand flies for leishmania martiniquensis infection.leishmaniasis caused by leishmania martiniquensis infection has been reported in human and domestic animals of martinique island, germany, switzerland, usa, myanmar and thailand. the peculiar clinical features of disseminated cutaneous and visceral forms co-existence render the urgent need of specific diagnostic tool to identify the natural sand fly vectors for effective prevention and control strategies. loop-mediated isothermal amplification (lamp) of 18s rrna gene as well as polymerase chain ...201728177044
disseminated autochthonous dermal leishmaniasis caused by leishmania siamensis (pcm2 trang) in a patient from central thailand infected with human immunodeficiency virus.abstractseveral case reports of autochthonous leishmaniasis in thailand have been published since 1996. most of the previous cases presented with visceral leishmaniasis (vl) and were mostly reported in southern part of thailand. recently, it has been evident that leishmania martiniquensis is the main cause of leishmania infection in thailand. however, leishmania siamensis (pcm2 trang isolate) was found to be of a separate lineage with restricted distribution in southern thailand and also a cause ...201728138050
prevalence and risk factors associated with leishmania infection in trang province, southern thailand.autochthonous cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis (vl) caused by leishmania martiniquensis and leishmania siamensis have been considered emerging infectious diseases in thailand. the disease burden is significantly underestimated, especially the prevalence of leishmania infection among hiv-positive patients.201729155831
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