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a review of leishmaniasis in dalmatia (croatia) and results from recent surveys on phlebotomine sandflies in three southern counties.zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is a re-emerging disease in the mediterranean area. a historical review on human and canine leishmaniasis in croatia documents the presence of stable disease foci in coastal and insular territories of central and southern dalmatia since the beginning of the 20th century. we report on a 3-year entomological investigation (2002-2004) aimed to study the current species composition and seasonality of phlebotomine sandflies in 10 localities of dalmatia. standard b ...200616876101
asymptomatic leishmania infantum infections in humans living in endemic and non-endemic areas of croatia, 2007 to 2009.the prevalence of asymptomatic leishmaniasis in the general population of croatia has not been studied to date. to assess the prevalence of leishmania infantum specific igg antibodies among immunocompetent residents of croatia, sera from 2,035 persons (eastern coast of adriatic sea, n=1,186; adriatic islands, n=653; mainland, n=196), were tested by an enzyme immunoassay. a total of 231 (11.4%) persons had anti-leishmania antibodies. multivariate analysis revealed that seropositivity was associat ...201323929119
a case of visceral leishmaniosis in a gray wolf (canis lupus) from croatia.the southern habitats of croatia's gray wolf (canis lupus) population are found in central and southern parts of dalmatia. this region is recognized as an endemic region for canine visceral leishmaniosis, caused by leishmania infantum. in november 2003, a 4-yr-old male gray wolf was found dead in the northwestern border of this endemic region. pathologic and parasitologic analysis, confirmed by polymerase chain reaction, indicated that lesions associated with infection by leishmania infantum are ...200818436678
[from unexplained fever to visceral leishmaniasis--a case report].visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar is a systemic infectious vector-borne disease caused by protozoa leishmania donovani and leishmania infantum that are transmitted to mammalian hosts by sand flies. it occurrs sporadically in endemic areas, including mediterranean basin. southern coastal territories of croatia have been recognized as the foci of the disease. dogs are the main reservoir of human infection. clinical features include prolonged fever, malaise, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia and i ...201424720151
[kala azar - lethal course of visceral leishmaniasis. synchronous infection with leishmania donovani/infantum complex and leishmania major in a patient after mediterranean vacation].infections with leishmania spp. are endemic in areas of the tropics and subtropics. an increased incidence of human infections has been reported in southern europe, where zoonotic leishmaniasis is common. the systemic, visceral infection is caused by the leishmania donovani/infantum complex and may be fatal when untreated.201223064668
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