human mixed infections of leishmania spp. and leishmania-trypanosoma cruzi in a sub andean bolivian area: identification by polymerase chain reaction/hybridization and isoenzyme.parasites belonging to leishmania braziliensis, leishmania donovani, leishmania mexicana complexes and trypanosoma cruzi (clones 20 and 39) were searched in blood, lesions and strains collected from 28 patients with active cutaneous leishmaniasis and one patient with visceral leishmaniasis. pcr-hybridization with specific probes of leishmania complexes (l. braziliensis, l. donovani and l. mexicana) and t. cruzi clones was applied to the different dna samples. over 29 patients, 8 (27.6%) presente ...200312764443
a case of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis diagnosed by serology.a 43-year-old japanese bolivian male had been suffering from a right leg ulcer after an insect bite during his residence in bolivia. the ulcer healed after herbal medicine treatment. ten years later, the patient had symptoms of nasal obstruction, nasal bleeding, and pharyngodynia, which were accompanied by a destructive ulcer with surrounding erythema involving the right nostril apex and columella. papillary, irregular mucosal lesions were seen on the soft palate. giemsa staining and polymerase ...201425041360
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