canine heartworm in the domestic and wild canids of southeastern nebraska.the prevalence of canine heartworm (dirofilaria immitis) was examined in the domestic dog, coyote (canis latrans), and red fox (vulpes fulva) populations of southeastern nebraska. microfilariae were detected in 21.4% (22 of 103) of the domestic dogs. the average age of infection for dogs was 5.8 yr. nine of the 22 infected dogs also were positive for dipetalonema reconditum. thirty-nine of 443 (8.9%) coyotes were found to have adult heartworms. the average number of male and female worms per hea ...19854093815
a simple molecular method for discriminating common filarial nematodes of dogs (canis familiaris).accurate diagnosis of canine filariosis is essential for choosing correct therapeutic approach. therefore, reliable methods for discriminating among the different filarial infections in dogs are needed. the authors report simple and highly specific molecular methods that identify the three most common filarial nematodes of european dogs: dirofilaria immitis, d. repens and acanthocheilonema (syn. dipetalonema) reconditum, based on (1) pcr amplifications of mitochondrial dna (12s rdna and coxi) wi ...200616857318
epidemiological aspects on vector-borne infections in stray and pet dogs from romania and hungary with focus on babesia spp.canine arthropod-borne infections are of major interest in small animal practice and have been widely investigated in central and western europe. however, only limited epidemiological data are available from south-eastern european countries, although diseases including babesiosis or dirofilariosis are widely recognised as important canine infections in these countries. a steadily increasing number of dogs imported from south-eastern europe into germany require particular attention by small anima ...201121947342
role of golden jackals (canis aureus) as natural reservoirs of dirofilaria spp. in romania.dirofilaria immitis and dirofilaria repens are mosquito-transmitted zoonotic nematodes, causing heartworm disease and skin lesions, respectively, in carnivores. in europe, the domestic dog is apparently the main definitive host, but patent infections occur also in other species of carnivores. the rapid spread of the golden jackals (canis aureus) throughout europe opens a question of involvement of this species in the sylvatic cycle of pathogens in the colonised territories, including dirofilaria ...201627121617
filarial infections in domestic dogs in lusaka, zambia.filariae are common parasites of dogs in many parts of the world, but little is known about the status of these infections in sub-saharan africa. a study was carried out to determine the occurrence and species of filariae among 272 dogs in lusaka, zambia. giemsa stained blood smear and knott's concentration methods revealed microfilariae in 16 (5.9%) of the dogs. pcr confirmed that most of these dogs had acanthocheilonema reconditum infection. ten (4.0%) of the examined dogs were positive for di ...201525944406
filarioid infections in wild carnivores: a multispecies survey in romania.filarioids are vector-borne parasitic nematodes of vertebrates. in europe, eight species of filarioids, including zoonotic species, have been reported mainly in domestic dogs, and occasionally in wild carnivores. in romania, infections with dirofilaria spp. and acanthocheilonema reconditum are endemic in domestic dogs. despite the abundant populations of wild carnivores in the country, their role in the epidemiology of filarioid parasites remains largely unknown. the aim of the present study was ...201728705255
research of canine filariasis in trapani province (western sicily). morphology on sem of male dirofilaria repens.the prevalence of canine filariasis was investigated in 4 municipalities of trapani province (campobello di mazara, castelvetrano, marsala and mazara del vallo), an area where 8 human cases of dirofilariasis due to dirofilaria (nochtiella) repens have occurred during the last decade. blood samples were collected late in the afternoon, during august and september 1995, and examined by knott technique for the presence of microfilariae. sixtythree (29.3%) out of 215 domestic dogs (98 males, 117 fem ...19979802102
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