prevalence of selected zoonotic diseases in vertebrates from haiti, 1972.vertebrate animals collected in haiti in 1972 were tested for selected zoonotic diseases. no rabies virus or neutralizing (n) antibody was detected in bats (artibeus jamaicensis). however, n antibody against st. louis encephalitis, western equine encephalitis (wee), and eastern equine encephalitis were detected in resident species of birds and wee antibody in bats. no n antibody against venezuelan equine encephalitis was found. the possible introduction by migratory birds and local transmission ...1979480524
rabies virus and antibody in bats in grenada and trinidad.rabies virus was detected by fluorescent-antibody and mouse inoculation tests in the brain of one bat, artibeus jamaicensis, collected at la tante, grenada on 19 june 1974. no rabies virus was found in the brains and/or salivary glands of 411 other grenadian bats of 6 species tested, including 56 a. jamaicensis. rabies neutralizing antibody was detected by the rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (rffit) in 27 of 353 grenadian bats. positives occurred in each of the 6 species sampled, with 40 ...1977864845
experimental rabies virus infection in artibeus jamaicensis bats with cvs-24 experimental model of rabies was established in the fruit-eating bat species artibeus jamaicensis. the infections caused by cvs-n2c and cvs-b2c, which are both stable variants of cvs-24, were compared after inoculation of adult bats in the right masseter muscle. cvs-n2c produced neurologic signs of rabies with paresis, ataxia, and inability to fly, while cvs-b2c did not produce neurologic signs. bats were sacrificed and the distribution of rabies virus antigen was assessed in tissue sections ...200111704883
tacaribe virus causes fatal infection of an ostensible reservoir host, the jamaican fruit bat.tacaribe virus (tcrv) was first isolated from 11 artibeus species bats captured in trinidad in the 1950s during a rabies virus surveillance program. despite significant effort, no evidence of infection of other mammals, mostly rodents, was found, suggesting that no other vertebrates harbored tcrv. for this reason, it was hypothesized that tcrv was naturally hosted by artibeus bats. this is in stark contrast to other arenaviruses with known hosts, all of which are rodents. to examine this hypothe ...201222379103
natural exposure of bats in grenada to rabies virus.introduction: grenada is a rabies endemic country, where terrestrial rabies is maintained in the small indian mongoose (herpestes auropunctatus). the role of bats in the epidemiology of rabies in grenada is unknown. a 1974 report described one rabies virus positive jamaican fruit bat (artibeus jamaicensis), and a high seroprevalence in this species. in the current study, the natural exposure to rabies virus in grenadian bats was re-evaluated. it is postulated that bats serve as a natural rabies ...201728804595
host and viral traits predict zoonotic spillover from mammals.the majority of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, with viruses that originate in wild mammals of particular concern (for example, hiv, ebola and sars). understanding patterns of viral diversity in wildlife and determinants of successful cross-species transmission, or spillover, are therefore key goals for pandemic surveillance programs. however, few analytical tools exist to identify which host species are likely to harbour the next human virus, or which viruses can cross species ...201728636590
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