an outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in an afghan refugee settlement in north-west pakistan.cutaneous leishmaniasis (cl) due to leishmania tropica appears to be an emerging disease in parts of north-east afghanistan and north-west pakistan. timargara, an afghan refugee camp of 17 years' standing, in the district of dir, north west frontier province of pakistan, experienced a major outbreak of cl in 1997 for the first time. as part of the investigation, each section of the camp was surveyed for cl. around 38% of the 9200 inhabitants bore active lesions and a further 13% had scars from e ...199910450434
cutaneous leishmaniasis in kabul: observations on a 'prolonged epidemic'.cutaneous leishmaniasis cases in kabul have increased steadily in number since the first report, in 1964. this increase is despite insecticide application in houses and intensive detection and treatment of cases. the age distribution of infection remains as it was in 1972, and approximates that of the afghan population. there is no evidence of accumulating immunity in the population. multiple lesions are infrequent, but commoner on older people, and tend to be located on the arms and legs rather ...19921463356
anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in kabul, afghanistan: the high susceptibility of phlebotomus sergenti to leishmania tropica. 19958560513
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