a serologic survey of mule deer and elk in utah.sera from mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) and elk (cervus canadensis) in central and northern utah were tested for the prevalence of antibodies to 11 diseases communicable to man or domestic livestock. antibodies to francisella tularensis (at 1:20) were found in 47 of 88 (53.4%) elk and 1 of 89 (1.1%) deer. a screening slide agglutination test for titers to brucella (at 1:20) showed two reactors in elk but none in deer sera. no positive antibody titers were obtained in tests for anaplasmosis, co ...1978105153
evaluation of free-roaming mule deer as carriers of anaplasmosis in an area of idaho where bovine anaplasmosis is enzootic.samples of blood from 87 rocky mountain mule deer (odocoileus hemionus hemionus) were inoculated into 3 susceptible splenectomized calves to determine the anaplasmosis carrier status of the deer. the deer were trapped along the idaho-utah state boundary, near stone, id. acute anaplasmosis was induced in 2 of the 3 inoculated calves, and blood from the 3 calves caused anaplasmosis when inoculated into adult non-splenectomized cattle. serum rapid card agglutination testing revealed 13 (14.9%) posi ...1977833034
prevalence and distribution of elaeophora schneideri wehr and dikmans, 1935 in mule deer in utah. 19853157010
further studies on trypanosomes in game animals in wyoming ii.further studies on moose revealed trypanosomes in two captive moose (alces alces shirasi) and in 4 of 7 free-ranging moose in wyoming by blood culture. two free-ranging moose from utah were negative. one of two additional captive moose calves was positive for trypanosomes. trypanosomes also were detected in blood cultures of 8 of 39 american bison (bison bison) being brought into wyoming from nebraska. nineteen additional bison were negative for trypanosomes by blood cultures. identification of ...19817338978
infectious keratoconjunctivitis in free-ranging mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) from zion national park, epizootic of infectious keratoconjunctivitis (ik) was studied opportunistically in free-ranging mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) from zion national park, utah (usa), from november 1992 to march 1994. moraxella sp. and chlamydia sp. were isolated from the conjunctiva of two of seven deer. in addition, thelazia californiensis occurred on the conjunctivas of six of seven deer. based on field observations, adults appeared to be affected clinically at a higher incidence during both years as opposed ...19968722272
bacteria and nematodes in the conjunctiva of mule deer from wyoming and utah.swabs of conjunctiva were collected from 44 live and 226 hunter-harvested mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) from wyoming and utah (usa). we identified 29 gram negative and 22 gram positive bacterial taxonomic categories, but many isolates from hunter-harvested animals were environmental contaminants. staphylococcus spp. and micrococcus spp. were the most common gram positive bacteria isolated, and enterobacter spp., escherichia coli, and pseudomonas spp. were common gram negative bacteria isolated ...200011085445
homogenization, sex, and differential motility predict spread of chronic wasting disease in mule deer in southern utah.chronic wasting disease (cwd) is an infectious prion disease that affects mule deer, along with other cervids. it is a slow-developing, fatal disease which is rare in the free-ranging deer population of utah. we present a sex-structured, spatial model for the spread of cwd over heterogeneous landscapes, incorporating both horizontal and environmental transmission pathways. to connect the local movement of deer to the regional spread of cwd, we use ecological diffusion with motility coefficients ...201423846241
bot fly larvae (cephenemyia spp., oestridae) in mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) from utah.ninety-nine mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) from four utah counties (cache, utah, sanpete and sevier) were examined for larvae of cephenemyia spp. in 1985 and 1986. numbers of first, second and third stage bot fly instars were related to age, sex, year and geographic location of the mule deer. fawns and adult deer greater than or equal to 5.5 yr had a significantly (p less than or equal to 0.05) higher intensity (means = 37 and means = 68, respectively) of infection than the 1.5- and 2.5-yr-old ...19892810568
the influence of periodic increases of human activity on crepuscular and nocturnal mammals: testing the weekend effect.human recreation can negatively affect wildlife, particularly on weekends when human activity is highest (i.e., the weekend effect). much of what we understand about the weekend effect is based on research conducted on diurnal species, which have greater temporal overlap with humans. because nocturnal species generally avoid times when humans are active, they are likely less affected by anthropogenic activity on weekends. our objective was to test the weekend effect in relation to the degree of ...201829122640
summer watering patterns of mule deer in the great basin desert, usa: implications of differential use by individuals and the sexes for management of water resources.changes in the abundance and distribution of free water can negatively influence wildlife in arid regions. free water is considered a limiting factor for mule deer (odocoileus hemionus) in the great basin desert. consequently, a better understanding of differential use of water by individuals and the sexes could influence the conservation and management of mule deer and water resources in their habitats. we deployed remote cameras at all known water sources (13 wildlife water developments and 4 ...201223125557
the population history of endogenous retroviruses in mule deer (odocoileus hemionus).mobile elements are powerful agents of genomic evolution and can be exceptionally informative markers for investigating species and population-level evolutionary history. while several studies have utilized retrotransposon-based insertional polymorphisms to resolve phylogenies, few population studies exist outside of humans. endogenous retroviruses are ltr-retrotransposons derived from retroviruses that have become stably integrated in the host genome during past infections and transmitted verti ...201724336966
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