possible windborne spread to western turkey of bluetongue virus in 1977 and of akabane virus in outbreak of bluetongue in sheep started in the menderes valley, aydin province, western turkey, in october 1977. the severity of the disease indicated that it had not been there before but had been introduced into the area. analysis showed that, while it was possible for the virus to have been brought into the area by movement of infected animals, there was also a period of south-easterly winds which could have carried infected midges from cyprus, where bluetongue was present. during the nigh ...19852862205
bluetongue in western october 1977 clinical bluetongue broke out in aydin province, western turkey and spread to adjacent provinces in the autumn months of 1978 and 1979. the outbreak was caused by a virus of serotype 4 and appeared to occur in a totally susceptible population. it was eventually controlled by widespread use of attenuated type-specific vaccine. bluetongue virus was isolated from sheep on several occasions and also from a calf with congenital arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly. this latter finding i ...19826289510
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