bluetongue in the united states.the virus of bluetongue (bt) was 1st isolated and identified in the us in 1952 from sheep in california. a disease in sheep in texas (soremuzzle) was observed in 1947, reported in 1952 and similarities to bt were discussed. it is possible bt existed in texas for several years prior to that time. there are 23 immunologic serotypes of bt, and 5 are known to occur in the us. these are types 10, 11, 13, 17 and 2, the latter having been recognized only in 1983 in cattle in florida. in the us, bt was ...19852989874
bluetongue virus in sheep and cattle and culicoides variipennis and c. stellifer (diptera: ceratopogonidae) in louisiana.the transmission of bluetongue virus (blu) to sheep and cattle relative to culicoides abundance and infection was studied in two areas of the louisiana state university agricultural center, baton rouge, la. the seroprevalence of blu in beef cattle was 70.5% in 1989 and 37.0% in 1990; 2 of 37 animals tested in both years became positive, indicating active transmission. the prevalence of blu in sheep decreased from 52.2% in 1989 to 34% in 1990; seroconversion was not detected. serotypes of positiv ...19938395602
survey for vesicular stomatitis virus neutralizing antibodies in serums of white-tailed deer odocoileus virginianus of the southeastern united jersey type vesicular stomatitis (vs) antibodies were found in 14 of 677 deer serums tested by neutralization tests in embryonated chicken eggs. twelve positive serums were received from louisiana and two from georgia. eight of the positive deer serums from louisiana were collected in the area of the only reported case of vs during 1967. clinical vs has not been diagnosed in the east coast states since 1964. two positive deer serums were collected on ossabaw island, georgia, and three positi ...197016512162
detection of bluetongue virus rna in field-collected culicoides spp. (diptera: ceratopogonidae) following the discovery of bluetongue virus serotype 1 in white-tailed deer and cattle in november 2004, bluetongue virus (family reoviridae, genus orbivirus, btv) serotype 1 (btv-1) was detected for the first time in the united states from a hunter-killed deer in st. mary parish, la. in 2005, sera surveys were conducted on three cattle farms near the area where the deer was found, and btv-1-seropositive cattle were found on two of the three farms; in 2006, sera surveys from the cattle on the three farms did not detect any btv-1-positive animals. the purpose of this study was to s ...201020380309
fooling others or oneself? a history of therapeutic fads and its current relevance.the author addresses the consequences of therapeutic overzealousness in light of the early 20th century historical accounts of dr. serge voronoff's ill fated adventure in restoring potency in european males and dr. henry cotton's misguided foray into the physical treatment of schizophrenia in new jersey. the implications of these mishaps for the modern practice of psychiatry are discussed in view of the challenges that continue to beset the field.200717874184
occupation, pesticide exposure and risk of multiple myeloma.this population-based case-control study examined the relationship between occupation, living or working on a farm, pesticide exposure, and the risk of multiple myeloma.200415250650
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