[activities of the diagnosis centre of the institut pasteur de lyon 1976-1980].a report is presented of five years of work in the rabies diagnosis centre at lyon. this centre, supported by the ministry of health at the institut pasteur of lyon, investigates the diagnosis in animals of having contaminated humans. during these five years 4012 samples from animals were analysed, 179 of which being diagnosed as rabid (i.e. 4.53%). four samples from humans were also analysed, one of which being positive. data collected concerning rabid animals are compared to national or region ...19827128094
risk factors for false-positive serological reactions for bovine brucellosis in saône-et-loire (france).since 1990, unusually high rates of false-positive serological reactions (fpsr) in bovine brucellosis screening have been observed in some countries of the european union. the aim of this survey was to describe this phenomenon in a highly affected french department, and to evaluate the links between some individual or herd factors and the occurrence of these fpsr. before 1990, low backgrounds of fpsr were recorded (individual prevalence rate: less than 0.5 per 10,000). the phenomenon burst durin ...19989658443
hyperendemic focus of q fever related to sheep and wind.q fever is a worldwide zoonosis which is caused by coxiella burnetii and presents as both acute or chronic cases. the disease can be transmitted from animal reservoirs to humans by the inhalation of infected aerosols. the authors investigated the epidemiology of q fever in the bouches-du-rhône district of southern france. the study area was centered around the small town of martigues near the cities of marseille and aix-en-provence, where the incidence of the disease seemed higher than in neighb ...199910400556
myocastor coypus as a reservoir host of fasciola hepatica in clarify the role of the nutria myocastor coypus in the epidemiology of domestic fasciolosis in loire-atlantique (department of western france), 438 nutrias were trapped in 9 humid areas of the department and 304 nutrias were trapped in 3 farms where fasciola hepatica was present; all animals were necropsied. liver flukes were found in 160 nutrias: 38 nutrias randomly taken in the department (8.7%) and 122 trapped in fasciolosis areas (40.1%). the average parasitic burden was 5.7 flukes per nu ...200111592619
wind in november, q fever in december.q fever, a worldwide zoonosis caused by coxiella burnetii, can be transmitted from animal reservoirs to humans by the inhalation of infected aerosols. we investigated the epidemiology of q fever in the bouches-du-rhone district of southern france, particularly the role of wind and rainfall in c. burnetii transmission. during the winter of 1998 to 1999, an unexpected number of cases were diagnosed in the area. this statistically higher incidence was associated with an increased frequency of the m ...200415324547
modeling spatial and temporal transmission of foot-and-mouth disease in france: identification of high-risk areas.foot-and-mouth disease is one of the most contagious diseases of animal livestock. we used statistical tools to explore the dynamics of epidemics and to evaluate the consequences of virus reintroduction in france. we developed a stochastic farm-based model adapted to the french farm structure from previous modeling works following the 2001 epidemic in the united kingdom. this model depends upon the distance between the 280,000 french farms and on species type (e.g. cows and sheep) and it tracks ...200516120246
[two cases of crimean-congo haemorrhagic fever (cchf) in two tourists in senegal in 2004].two cases of crimean-congo haemorrhagic fever (cchf) occurred in two french tourists during their visit in senegal in november 2004. febrile and hemorrhagic syndrome with ulorrhagia, petechiae, haematemesis, haematomas associated with biological signs of disseminated intramuscular coagulation were observed. for the first case who had a medical evacuation to france before diagnosis, crimean-congo virus infection was revealed by laboratory tests performed by the national reference center for hemor ...200919739410
mycoplasmoses of ruminants in france: recent data from the national surveillance network.ruminant mycoplasmoses are important diseases worldwide and several are listed by the world organization for animal health to be of major economic significance. in france the distribution of mycoplasmal species isolated from clinical samples collected from diseased animals upon veterinary request, is monitored by a network known as vigimyc (for vigilance to mycoplasmoses of ruminants). the veterinary diagnostic laboratories collaborating with vigimyc are responsible for isolating the mycoplasmas ...201020525406
[henry toussaint and louis pasteur. rivalry over a vaccine].henry toussaint (1847-1890) is a veterinary who studied in veterinary school of lyon with his great master auguste chauveau the famous physiologist. this place is the first school founded in europe at the end of the xviiith century and has opened a way of thinking. his carrer brilliant and rich begins first in lyon and then when he is named professor of anatomy and physiology at the veterinary school of toulouse. doctor of science and doctor of medecine toussaint applies "the experimental method ...201020527335
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