possible windborne spread to western turkey of bluetongue virus in 1977 and of akabane virus in outbreak of bluetongue in sheep started in the menderes valley, aydin province, western turkey, in october 1977. the severity of the disease indicated that it had not been there before but had been introduced into the area. analysis showed that, while it was possible for the virus to have been brought into the area by movement of infected animals, there was also a period of south-easterly winds which could have carried infected midges from cyprus, where bluetongue was present. during the nigh ...19852862205
distribution of bluetongue virus in turkey, 1978-81.information about the distribution of bluetongue in turkey during 1978-81 has been obtained by serological surveys in cattle, sheep and goats. the group-specific immunodiffusion test was used to identify the presence of bluetongue virus (btv) in a given province and the type-specific microneutralization test to decide which virus types had been in circulation. by drawing sera from accurately aged donor animals in may and august 1980, it was possible to draw up a general outline of the distributi ...19948005228
the sandflies (diptera: psychodidae) in the turkish province of hatay: some possible vectors of the parasites causing human cutaneous leishmaniasis.the province of hatay, which lies on the mediterranean coast in south-eastern turkey, forms an important endemic area for human cutaneous leishmaniasis (hcl). between the june and november of 2001, the sandflies in eight areas of the province, erzin, dortyol, iskenderun, kirikhan, antakya, samandag, altinozu and yayladagi, were surveyed, using sticky-paper traps placed in goat, sheep, cow or chicken sheds close to houses. although 217 of the 998 sandflies caught belonged to the genus sergentomyi ...200415509428
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