reproduction of the ewe and female goat in the province of fars, iran.over a period of 12 months, 1006 ovine and 1129 caprine genitalia were collected from an abattoir. 57-5 per cent of the sheep and 89 per cent of the goat specimens were gravid of which 26-9 per cent and 30-2 per cent, respectively, of the total were estimated to be over two months of gestational age. transuterine migration of the early embryo was a feature in both species although it was more frequent in the goat. signs of fertilisation failure or embryonic death was most frequently observed if ...1976969180
metacestodes of sheep with special reference to their epidemiological status, pathogenesis and economic implications in fars province, iran.this study was undertaken over a period of 2 years. of 7992 sheep examined, 2088 (26.12%), 2266 (28.36%), 15 (0.19%) and 738 (9.8%) were infected with echinococcus granulosus, taenia hydatigena, taenia ovis and taenia multiceps metacestodes, respectively. the prevalence was higher in animals belonging to migratory tribal people than in those owned by the permanent residents of fars province. dogs in the former group also showed significantly higher levels of infection with e. granulosus (33.3%) ...19948171825
the distribution pattern of sarcocystis species, their transmission and pathogenesis in sheep in fars province of iran.of 1362 sheep examined during two years in fars province of iran, 786 (57.7%) were positive for sarcocystis spp. the prevalence was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in animals owned by nomadie assyrians (67.95%) than in those owned by local people (41.86%). more of the animals above 2 years age were infected (69.98%) than young ones (30.02%). females had a higher prevalence of infection (61.07%) than males (38.93%) but most of the males were younger. there was no variation in the infection rate d ...19968739523
an epizootic of besnoitiosis in goats in fars province of iran.over 100,000 goats were grazing freely in isolated herds of 100 to 600 goats in a mountainous area of more than 2000 km2 to the north-east of darab city in fars province in southern iran. twenty to fifty percent of the goats in this area were infected with besnoitiosis. sheep, cattle and donkeys grazing in the same area showed no clinical manifestations of the infection. the diagnosis of the infection in the clinically suspected animals was confirmed by histological studies on skin biopsies from ...19979444079
prevalence of echinococcus granulosus infection in stray dogs and herbivores in shiraz, hundred and five stray male and female dogs in different age groups were autopsied and their small intestines examined for echinococcus granulosus. thirty eight dogs (36.19%) harbored two-to-several thousand e. granulosus in their intestinal content. the prevalence rate was higher in males (44.83%) than in females (25.53%). livers and lungs of 3245 sheep, 2576 goats, 756 cattle and 25 buffaloes slaughtered for meat purposes at different shiraz slaughterhouses were examined for hydatidosis: 2 ...199910511103
the respiratory and allergic manifestations of human myiasis caused by larvae of the sheep bot fly (oestrus ovis): a report of 33 pharyngeal cases from southern iran.myiasis--the feeding of fly larvae on living mammals--may have various presentations, depending on the tissues or organs involved. the respiratory and non-respiratory manifestations of human pharyngeal myiasis caused by oestrus ovis larvae in 33 patients from the fars province, in southern iran, are described here. all but one of the 33 cases were male and all lived in rural areas, in close contact with sheep and goats. the myiasis only occurred in spring and summer (april-september). symptoms a ...200312662425
a retrospective survey of hydatidosis in livestock in shiraz, iran, based on abattoir data during 1999-2004.meat inspection records in an abattoir located in shiraz, a city in southwest iran and the capital of fars province, during a 5-year period from 20 march 1999 to 19 march 2004 were used to determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in sheep, cattle, and goats in the region. a total of 844,039 animals (cattle 131,716; sheep 577,090; goats 135,233) slaughtered in the 5-year period and overall 34,856 (4.1%) livers and 123,402 (14.62%) lungs were condemned. hydatidosis was responsible for 28.7 and 15.4 ...200516011878
a retrospective survey of liver fluke disease in livestock based on abattoir data in shiraz, south of iran.meat-inspection records in an abattoir located in the fars province (southern part of iran) from 20 march 1999 to 19 march 2004 were used to determine the prevalence and long-term trend of liver fluke disease in sheep, cattle and goats in the region. a total of 844,039 animals (cattle 131,716; sheep 577,090; goats 135,233) slaughtered in the 5-year period and overall 34,856 (4.1%) livers were condemned. fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis were responsible for 54 and 21% of total liver condemnations, ...200616198433
evaluation of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, utilizing native antigen b for serodiagnosis of human hydatidosis.hydatidosis is one of the cosmopolitan parasitic zoonoses caused by the larval stage of echinococcus granulosus. diagnosis of hydatidosis is still an unresolved problem. serological tests using crude antigens for diagnosis of e. granulosus are sensitive, however their specificity are not satisfactory. therefore, who recommended specific serological methods using specific antigens, specially native agb for proper diagnosis.200717767016
detection and frequency of stx2 gene in escherichia coli o157 and o157:h7 strains isolated from sheep carcasses in shiraz-iran.enterohaemorrhagic escherichia coli constitute a subset of serotypes (e. coli o157 and some other serogroups) of shiga toxin-producing e. coli firmly associated with severe human illnesses like bloody diarrhoea and haemolytic uraemic syndrome. escherichia coli o157:h7 is a zoonotic pathogen. they rarely cause disease in animals, live in the intestines of healthy sheep and ruminants are recognized as their main natural reservoir, so they can contaminate meat during slaughtering practices. the pur ...200818819545
prevalence and intensity of oestrus ovis in sheep of shiraz, southern iran.two thousand and two heads obtained from slaughtered sheep at the fars abattoirs (shiraz, southern iran) between april 2006 and april 2007 were examined for the presence of oestrus ovis larvae. of the total heads, 995 (49.7%) were infested with o. ovis larvae. o. ovis larvae were observed in both sexes and all age groups in each season of the year. a total of 6264 larvae were collected. the overall larval intensity for the infested sheep was 6.3, with 3.9 in spring, 5.3 in summer, 5.9 in autumn ...200919184506
pathological, molecular, and biochemical characterization of coenurus gaigeri in iranian native goats.coenurus gaigeri is the larval stage of taenia multiceps gaigeri, which infects the muscles of goats and, to a lesser extent, sheep. metacestodes of the goat such as coenurus cerebralis, cysticercus tenuicollis, cysticercus ovis, and hydatid cysts have been extensively studied. however, because of the uncommon occurrence of c. gaigeri, very few records exist of its biology, pathogenesis, and pathology. therefore, an investigation was conducted in the summer of 2008 at shiraz slaughterhouse, wher ...201020469949
molecular survey of toxoplasma infection in sheep and goat from fars province, southern iran.toxoplasmosis is a widespread zoonotic disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality in human fetus and in immunocompromised patients. moreover, it becomes a major cause of abortion in sheep and goats. since consumption of meat of infected lamb and goat is considered as the main sources of human infection in iran, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of toxoplasma infection in edible tissues of sheep and goats in shiraz in 2008. samples of brain, tongue, liver, and mus ...201020936348
pattern of animal-related injuries in iran.animal related injuries as most common causes of human morbidity have different pattern by geographical zones. we aimed to explore the main descriptive epidemiology of animal-related injuries in both rural and urban areas in iran. between 2000 and 2004, we collected the data of all the cases of animal related trauma hospitalized for more than 24 hours in eight cities (tehran, mashhad, ahwaz, shiraz, tabriz, qom, kermanshah, and babol). further evaluations were conducted on 17753 eligible subject ...201121681704
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