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viral leukoencephalomyelitis in a goat in michigan. 1979256362
q fever. a call to heighten our index of suspicion.the prevalence of q fever infection is probably underestimated. in michigan, the first two reported human cases of q fever occurred in 1984. the case-patients lived in adjacent, rural counties and had multiple exposures to goats. we conducted a serosurvey of goat owners and a reference population to compare the prevalence of q fever antibodies in the two-county area. goat owners were almost three times more likely to be seropositive with q fever antibodies than the reference population (43% vs 1 ...19883341862
rabies surveillance in the united states during 1999.during 1999, 49 states, the district of columbia, and puerto rico reported 7,067 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals to the centers for disease control and prevention, a decrease of 11.2% from 7,961 cases in nonhuman animals and 1 case in a human being reported in 1998. more than 91% (6,466 cases) were in wild animals, whereas 8.5% (601 cases) were in domestic species (compared with 92.4% in wild animals and 7.6% in domestic species in 1998). no cases of rabies were reported in human beings in 1 ...200011132881
carriage of clostridium difficile and other enteric pathogens among a 4-h avocational cohort.clostridium difficile (cd), salmonella, campylobacter and enterohemorrhagic escherichia coli (ehec) are major causes of morbidity in a variety of enteric diseases in humans and animals, but subclinical carriage in both is probably more common than are clinical cases. little is known regarding the prevalence of these pathogens in animals raised for exhibit at michigan county fairs or the frequency with which michigan citizens raising these animals may have been subclinically colonized. to address ...201120529211
caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus isolated from michigan goats.a syncytium-forming agent with reverse transcriptase activity was isolated in cell culture from materials collected from 19 michigan goats and 1 goat recently imported from california. syncytia formation could be maintained by subpassaging cells or filtered supernate from infected cultures with caprine fetal synovial membrane indicator cells. electron microscopy by negative staining with ammonium molybdate revealed 100-nm retrovirus-like particles morphologically identified as caprine arthritis- ...19846208829
characterization of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus faecium isolated from swine in three michigan counties.vancomycin-resistant enterococci are a major cause of nosocomial infections but are rarely found in humans in the community and have not been identified in food animals in the united states. we evaluated a total of 360 fecal specimens from humans and their animals being raised for exhibit at three county fairs in michigan. fecal samples from 158 humans, 55 swine, 50 cattle, 25 horses, 57 sheep, 14 goats, and 1 llama were obtained and plated onto enterococcosel agar containing 16 μg/ml of vancomy ...201020739498
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