Publications

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brucellosis in animals. 1976941009
evidence of multiple anthelmintic resistance in a strain of teladorsagia circumcincta (ostertagia circumcincta) isolated from goats in scotland.the efficacy of ivermectin, fenbendazole and levamisole was determined in lambs individually infected with 5000 third stage larvae of teladorsagia (ostertagia) species isolated from a herd of goats with a history of benzimidazole resistance and where the efficacy of ivermectin had also suffered an apparent decline. efficacies, calculated using geometric means, for groups where treatments were directed against adult worms were 90.3 per cent (ivermectin), 43.4 per cent (fenbendazole) and 100 per c ...19921465512
the epidemiology of echinococcus granulosus in great britain. v. the status of subspecies of echinococcus granulosus in great britain.twenty-five years ago williams and sweatman suggested that in great britain there are two subspecies of echinococcus granulosus--e. granulosus granulosus and e. granulosus equinus. echinococcus granulosus granulosus does not mature either in foxes or in horses: e. granulosus equinus will mature in either. the prepatent period of e. granulosus granulosus in the definitive host is about 42 days while that of e. granulosus equinus is about 70 days. each subspecies has a characteristic morphology. m ...19892596902
serological surveillance for maedi-visna virus and caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus in northern ireland.the results of serological testing for maedi-visna virus infection in indigenous and non-indigenous sheep in northern ireland, over a five year period (1980 to 1984) are presented. in tests carried out in 1980 and 1981 on pedigree breeds, 10 reactors were identified on seven farms and maedi-visna virus was isolated on three occasions from leucocyte cultures. none of the animals showed clinical signs of maedi-visna and all the reactors were subsequently destroyed. nine of the reactors were import ...19863010539
systemic diseases common in cattle this spring. 19883413955
prevalence of toxoplasma gondii in meat animals, cats and dogs in central scotland. 19873580823
isolation of tick-borne fever from feral goats in new galoway. 19695390524
milkborne salmonellosis in scotland 1980 to 1982.in scotland between 1980 and 1982 there were 21 episodes of milkborne salmonella affecting a total of 1090 persons (range one to 654). there were eight deaths, including two children, in people associated with these outbreaks. the problem of milkborne salmonellosis continues to be greater in scotland, where dairy herds on average are larger and a greater proportion of raw milk is consumed, than elsewhere in britain. it is anticipated that legislation requiring the pasteurisation of virtually all ...19836349104
microflora and somatic cell content of goat milk.the results of tests to determine the microflora and somatic cell content of 483 milk samples from 250 dairy goats in the north of scotland are presented. milk from uninfected udders had extremely low levels of bacterial contamination, 80 per cent of such samples having less than 100 bacteria/ml. one quarter of all samples were infected, the organisms isolated being coagulase negative staphylococci (83.5 per cent), coagulase positive staphylococci (12.4 per cent) streptococci (3.3 per cent) and ...19846375103
microbiological research at the centre for tropical veterinary medicine (ctvm).the nature of the research carried out by the staff of the microbiology section of the centre for tropical veterinary medicine (ctvm) at home and abroad is illustrated by precis of projects on rinderpest, orf in goats and sheep, bovine dermatophilosis, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, tick-borne fever in goats and sheep, bovine petechial fever, and caprine cowdriosis.19968815612
the response of breeding doses to nematodiasis: segregation into "responders" and "non-responders".responder and non-responder does were identified from a flock of 95 scottish cashmere 2-6 year-old does exposed to natural nematode infection over a 12-month period. every 5 weeks, the does were faecal sampled for worm-egg counts prior to anthelmintic treatment. responsive and non-responsive individuals were identified on the basis of their cumulative faecal egg count (fec) rankings: the 8 lowest and 8 highest rankings were deemed to be responders and non-responders, respectively. retrospective ...19969024875
molecular variation, evolution and geographical distribution of louping ill virus.following the demonstration that the tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) subgroup viruses are distributed as a cline across the northern hemisphere (zanotto et al., 1995), we have analyzed the dispersal pattern of louping ill (li) virus, the most westerly located member in the cline. a total number of 21 li or li-related virus e gene sequences have been used for a detailed molecular analysis of the evolution, phylogeny and geographical distribution of li virus in the british isles and ireland. the res ...19979607079
epidemiological study of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in scotland.a survey of 22 farms confirmed the presence of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in scotland. regional differences were apparent in the prevalence of the disease in rabbits, with a significantly higher incidence occurring in the tayside region. statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between a previous history or current problem of paratuberculosis in cattle and the presence of paratuberculosis in rabbits on the farms. molecular genetic typing techniques could not discriminate betw ...199910325318
the foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in dumfries and galloway, 2001. 1: characteristics and control.the foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in dumfries and galloway in south-west scotland comprised 177 infected premises (ips) in 24 geographical clusters, and ran from march 1 until may 23, 2001. initial seeding of infection was by livestock (predominantly sheep) that had passed through longtown market in adjacent cumbria. thereafter, spread within existing, and to new, clusters was associated with the movement of personnel and vehicles, with further transmission by longtown market contacts and acro ...200515751571
respiratory disease causes losses in scottish cattle and poultry. 200616531579
a histopathologic and immunohistochemical review of archived uk caprine scrapie cases.in 2005, a prion disease identified in a goat from france was reported to be consistent with disease from the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (bse) agent. subsequent retrospective examination of uk goat scrapie cases led to the identification of one potentially similar, but as yet unconfirmed, case from scotland. these findings strengthened concerns that small ruminant populations exposed to the bse agent have become infected. the lack of data relating specifically to scrapie in goats has been ...200818587090
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