genetic typing and prevalence of border disease virus (bdv) in small ruminant flocks in spain.between 2001 and 2002, samples from 1,413 animals in 21 spanish small ruminant flocks, most of them with animals showing clinical signs compatible with border disease (bd), were screened for the presence of pestivirus antigen and antibodies by an indirect peroxidase monolayer assay (ipma) and the virus neutralization test (vnt), respectively. although all flocks harboured seropositive animals, virus could only be isolated from animals in five of the flocks. between 4 and 11 months later all anim ...200616857326
q fever: prevalence of antibodies to coxiella burnetii in the basque country.the aim of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of coxiella burnetii infection in the basque population. to this end a stratified sampling was carried out taking as a criterion the size of the population in a given area of residence. residents in sparsely populated areas were found to have a prevalence of 38.5%, significantly greater than in highly populated areas (odds ratio [or] = 1.56; 95% confidence interval [ci]: 1.08-2.27 and or = 1.58; 95% ci: 1.09-2.30). the prevalence was signific ...19938144303
caprine arthritis-encephalitis in the basque country, spain.a goat herd severely affected by arthritis was studied. the most representative clinical signs consisted of articular swelling, mainly of the carpal joints, and the subsequent locomotor disorders. some goats also showed signs of central nervous system involvement. examinations of joint fluid revealed an increased number of mononuclear blood cells, mostly lymphocytes. gross and microscopic articular lesions were of inflammatory and degenerative types. periarticular connective tissue, synovial bur ...19873037762
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